CN210374302U - Biomass treatment device - Google Patents

Biomass treatment device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210374302U
CN210374302U CN201921013147.9U CN201921013147U CN210374302U CN 210374302 U CN210374302 U CN 210374302U CN 201921013147 U CN201921013147 U CN 201921013147U CN 210374302 U CN210374302 U CN 210374302U
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chamber
spiral
discharging
crushing
processing device
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CN201921013147.9U
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袁珊珊
宋震宇
张宸
张金伟
吴卫甜
曹立欣
郑福居
王旭东
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Tianjin Ecology City Environmental Protection Co ltd
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Tianjin Ecology City Environmental Protection Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a biomass processing device, which comprises a crushing chamber, a spiral discharging chamber and a drainage chamber, wherein the crushing chamber is arranged above an inlet of the spiral discharging chamber, and biomass materials crushed by the crushing chamber fall into the spiral discharging chamber from the inlet; be provided with the spiral in the spiral discharge chamber and go out the ground paste, the discharge gate of following the spiral discharge chamber under the effect that the ground paste was gone out to the spiral discharges the ground paste and discharges, the drainage chamber is located spiral discharge chamber below, and the bottom surface of spiral discharge chamber is provided with the wash port, what the ejection of compact department of spiral discharge chamber adopted is the structure of a plurality of discharging through-holes, and the spiral goes out the ground paste at the operation in-process, and the ejection of compact of material can have certain resistance, and then forms the compression effect to the material, under the compression effect, can promote the moisture content in the material to ooze, and moisture content is discharged through the wash port of section.

Description

Biomass treatment device
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of the biomass processing, concretely relates to biomass processing device.
Background
Biomass is the most widely-occurring substance on the earth, and refers to various organisms produced by photosynthesis using the atmosphere, water, land, and the like, and biomass includes all plants, microorganisms, animals whose food is plants or microorganisms, and wastes produced by the animals. Representative biomass materials include crops, crop wastes, wood wastes, and animal wastes. The method is characterized in that: renewability, low pollution and wide distribution.
Biomass is the most important absorber and storage of solar energy, and can accumulate the solar energy through photosynthesis and store the solar energy in organic matters, and the energy is the source and the foundation of energy sources required by human development. The efficient development and utilization of biomass energy play a very positive role in solving the problems of energy and ecological environment. Since the 20 th century and the 70 th era, all countries in the world, especially economically developed countries, pay high attention to the technology, actively develop research on biomass energy application technology, and obtain many research achievements to reach the industrial application scale.
However, in order to fully treat the biomass before recycling, the biomass needs to be crushed for convenient collection and treatment, and in addition, some biomass has high water content and needs to be dewatered to the maximum extent or even dried.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims to overcome the defects of the prior art and provide a biomass processing device.
The utility model discloses a realize through following technical scheme:
a biomass processing device comprises a crushing chamber, a spiral discharging chamber and a drainage chamber;
the spiral discharging chamber is in a transversely arranged long cylinder shape and comprises a cylinder wall and cylinder end faces at two ends, and a feeding hole is formed in the top of one side of the cylinder wall; the end surface of the barrel at the discharging side of the spiral discharging chamber is a disc, a plurality of discharging through holes are distributed on the disc, and materials are discharged from the discharging through holes; a drain hole is arranged on the bottom cylinder wall of the spiral discharging chamber; a spiral slurry discharging chamber is arranged in the spiral discharging chamber, and a central shaft of the spiral slurry discharging chamber is connected with an external first driving motor;
the biomass crushing device comprises a crushing chamber, a spiral discharging chamber, a pair of crushing rollers, a roller bearing, a gear, a pair of crushing rollers, a pair of supporting rollers and a pair of supporting rollers, wherein the crushing chamber is arranged above a feeding hole of the spiral discharging chamber, biomass materials crushed by the crushing chamber fall into the spiral discharging chamber from the feeding hole;
the drainage chamber is positioned below the spiral discharge chamber, is communicated with the spiral discharge chamber through a drainage hole, and is provided with a drainage port provided with a valve; the drainage chamber is provided with an air inlet which is used for connecting a high-pressure air source.
In the technical scheme, the disc is welded with the wall of the spiral discharging chamber.
In the technical scheme, the aperture of the discharge through hole is preferably 8-15 mm.
In the above technical solution, the hole diameter of the drainage hole is preferably 1-1.5 mm.
In above-mentioned technical scheme, spiral ejection of compact thick liquid includes the center pin and installs the paddle on the center pin, and the paddle is arranged along the center pin spiral, and the both ends of center pin are passed through the bearing and are installed on the section of thick bamboo terminal surface at the both ends of spiral ejection of compact room.
In the technical scheme, the rotating shaft of the active crushing roller is connected with the second driving motor through the coupler, so that the active crushing roller is realized.
In the technical scheme, a gear box is arranged on one side of the crushing chamber, and the gear of the crushing roller is positioned in the gear box, so that the protection of a gear transmission system is realized.
In the technical scheme, the biomass processing device further comprises a drying chamber, the drying chamber is arranged on the discharging side of the spiral discharging chamber, the spiral discharging chamber is communicated with the drying chamber through a discharging through hole, a stirring paddle is arranged in the drying chamber, and the top of the stirring paddle is connected with a third driving motor; the bottom of drying chamber is provided with the discharge gate, is provided with the bottom that can open and shut on the discharge gate, is provided with the air inlet in the bottom of drying chamber, and the air inlet passes through the gas outlet intercommunication of pipeline and air heater, provides steam through the air heater in to the drying chamber, dries the material.
In the above technical scheme, the number of the air inlets at the bottom of the drying chamber is a plurality of, the air inlets are uniformly distributed in a circumferential manner, and each air inlet is communicated with the air outlet main pipeline of the air heater through a sub-pipeline.
The utility model has the advantages that:
the biomass processing device comprises a crushing chamber, a spiral discharging chamber and a drainage chamber, wherein the crushing chamber is arranged above an inlet of the spiral discharging chamber, and biomass materials crushed by the crushing chamber fall into the spiral discharging chamber from the inlet; be provided with the spiral in the spiral discharge chamber and go out the ground paste, the discharge gate from the spiral discharge chamber is discharged under the effect that the ground paste was gone out to the spiral, the drain chamber is located spiral discharge chamber below, the bottom surface of spiral discharge chamber is provided with the wash port, what the ejection of compact department of spiral discharge chamber adopted is the structure of a plurality of discharging through-hole, the spiral goes out the ground paste at the operation in-process, the ejection of compact of material can have certain resistance, and then form the compression effect to the material, under the compression effect, can promote the moisture content in the material to ooze, moisture content is discharged through the wash port of section of thick bamboo wall bottom.
The side upper portion position of drainage chamber is provided with the air inlet, and this air inlet is used for connecting high pressurized air source, and its effect is: since clogging of the drain hole is inevitable in long-term use, the drain hole can be perforated by high-pressure gas entering from the drain chamber.
The biomass processing device further comprises a drying chamber, the drying chamber is arranged on one side of the spiral discharging chamber, the stirring paddle is arranged inside the drying chamber, an air inlet is formed in the bottom of the drying chamber, the air inlet is communicated with an air outlet of an air heater through a pipeline, hot air is provided into the drying chamber through the air heater, the materials are dried, and during drying, the stirring paddle is started simultaneously to accelerate the drying effect.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of an overall structure of a biomass processing apparatus according to a first embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic top view of a crushing chamber according to a first embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a side view of a discharge port (disk) of a spiral discharge chamber according to a first embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 4 is a schematic view of the overall structure of a biomass processing apparatus according to the second embodiment of the present invention.
Wherein:
1: crushing chamber, 2: spiral discharge chamber, 3: drain chamber, 4: drying chamber, 5: air heater, 1-1: feed hopper, 1-2: crushing roller, 1-4: gear, 1-5: second drive motor, 1-6: gearbox, 2-1: feed inlet, 2-2: disc, 2-21: discharge through hole, 2-3: drainage hole, 2-4: and (3) spirally discharging slurry, 2-5: first drive motor, 3-1: drainage outlet, 3-2: air inlet, 3-3: valve, 4-1: stirring paddle, 4-2: third drive motor, 4-3: bottom cover, 4-4: air inlet, 4-5: gas outlet, 4-6: and (4) a filter screen.
For a person skilled in the art, other relevant figures can be obtained from the above figures without inventive effort.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical field person understand the solution of the present invention better, the technical solution of the present invention is further described below with reference to the specific embodiments.
Example 1
Referring to fig. 1-3, a biomass processing device comprises a crushing chamber 1, a spiral discharging chamber 2 and a water discharging chamber 3.
The spiral discharging chamber 2 is in a transversely arranged long cylinder shape and comprises a cylinder wall and cylinder end faces at two ends, and a feeding hole 2-1 is formed in the top of one side of the cylinder wall; the end face of the barrel at the discharging side of the spiral discharging chamber 2 is a disk 2-2 (the disk is welded with the barrel wall of the spiral discharging chamber 2), a plurality of discharging through holes 2-21 (shown in figure 3) are distributed on the disk, the aperture of each discharging through hole is preferably 8-15mm, and materials are discharged from the discharging through holes; a drain hole 2-3 is arranged on the bottom cylinder wall of the spiral discharge chamber 2, and the aperture of the drain hole is preferably 1-1.5 mm; the spiral discharging chamber 2 is internally provided with spiral discharging slurry 2-4 (the spiral discharging slurry comprises a central shaft and paddles arranged on the central shaft, the paddles are spirally arranged along the central shaft, two ends of the central shaft are arranged on the barrel end faces at two ends of the spiral discharging chamber 2 through bearings), the central shaft of the spiral discharging slurry is connected with an external first driving motor 2-5, the material moves towards the discharging direction of the spiral discharging chamber 2 under the action of the spiral discharging slurry, and the discharging position of the spiral discharging chamber 2 adopts a structure with a plurality of discharging through holes 2-21, so that the discharging of the material can have certain resistance in the operation process of the spiral discharging slurry, and further forms the compression action on the material, under the compression action, the moisture in the material can be promoted to seep out, and the moisture is discharged through the drain holes 2-3 at the bottom of the barrel wall.
Smash room 1 and set up in the feed inlet 2-1 top of spiral discharge chamber 2 to the living beings material after making crushing room 1 smash falls into to spiral discharge chamber 2 from this feed inlet in, specific theory: the top of the crushing chamber 1 is provided with a feeding hopper 1-1, a pair of crushing rollers 1-2 and 1-3 are arranged in the crushing chamber 1, the two crushing rollers are parallel to each other, the crushing rollers are rotatably arranged on a shell of the crushing chamber through roller bearings a, gears 1-4 are fixedly arranged on rotating shafts of the two crushing rollers, the gears on the two crushing rollers are same in size and specification and are meshed with each other, one of the crushing rollers is active, and the two crushing rollers are linked through the meshed gears; furthermore, the rotating shaft of the active crushing roller is connected with the second driving motor 1-5 through a coupler, so that the initiative is realized. Furthermore, one side of the crushing chamber 1 is provided with a gear box 1-6, and a gear of the crushing roller is positioned in the gear box, so that the protection of a gear transmission system is realized.
The drainage chamber 3 is positioned below the spiral discharging chamber 2, and the drainage chamber 3 is communicated with the spiral discharging chamber 2 through drainage holes 2-3, so that water in the spiral discharging chamber 2 can drip into the drainage chamber 3; furthermore, a water outlet 3-1 is arranged at the bottom of the side surface of the water discharge chamber 3, and a valve 3-3 is arranged at the water outlet; the side upper portion position of drainage chamber 3 is provided with air inlet 3-2, and this air inlet is used for connecting high-pressure air source, and its effect is: since clogging of the drain hole is inevitable in long-term use, the drain hole can be perforated with high-pressure gas introduced from the drain chamber 3 (when the high-pressure gas is introduced, the valve 3-3 needs to be closed).
Example 2
Referring to the attached drawing 4, on the basis of the embodiment 1, further, the biomass processing device further comprises a drying chamber 4, the drying chamber 4 is arranged on the discharging side of the spiral discharging chamber 2, the spiral discharging chamber 2 is communicated with the drying chamber 4 through discharging through holes 2-21, a stirring paddle 4-1 is arranged inside the drying chamber 4, the top of the stirring paddle is connected with a third driving motor 4-2, and the materials discharged from the spiral discharging chamber 2 are scattered through the stirring paddle; the bottom of the drying chamber 4 is provided with a discharge hole, the discharge hole is provided with a bottom cover 4-3 capable of being opened and closed, the bottom of the drying chamber 4 is provided with an air inlet 4-4, the air inlet is communicated with an air outlet of the hot air blower 5 through a pipeline, hot air is supplied into the drying chamber 4 through the hot air blower 5 to dry the materials, when the materials are dried, the bottom cover 4-3 at the bottom of the drying chamber 4 needs to be closed, and meanwhile, the stirring paddle is started to accelerate the drying effect; the top of the drying chamber 4 is provided with an air outlet 4-5, and a filter screen 4-6 is arranged at the air outlet to prevent the materials from leaking out of the air outlet.
Example 3
On the basis of embodiment 2, the number of air inlets at the bottom of the drying chamber 4 is a plurality of, a plurality of air inlets are circumferentially and uniformly distributed, and each air inlet is respectively communicated with an air outlet main pipeline of the air heater through a sub-pipeline.
Spatially relative terms, such as "upper," "lower," "left," "right," and the like, may be used in the embodiments for ease of description to describe one element or feature's relationship to another element or feature as illustrated in the figures. It will be understood that the spatial terms are intended to encompass different orientations of the device in use or operation in addition to the orientation depicted in the figures. For example, if the device in the figures is turned over, elements described as "below" other elements or features would then be oriented "above" the other elements or features. Thus, the exemplary term "lower" can encompass both an upper and a lower orientation. The device may be otherwise oriented (rotated 90 degrees or at other orientations) and the spatially relative descriptors used herein interpreted accordingly.
Moreover, relational terms such as "first" and "second," and the like, may be used solely to distinguish one element from another element having the same name, without necessarily requiring or implying any actual such relationship or order between such elements.
The invention has been described above by way of example, and it should be noted that any simple variants, modifications or other equivalent substitutions by a person skilled in the art without spending creative effort may fall within the scope of protection of the present invention without departing from the core of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. A biomass processing device is characterized by comprising a crushing chamber, a spiral discharging chamber and a drainage chamber;
the spiral discharging chamber is in a transversely arranged long cylinder shape and comprises a cylinder wall and cylinder end faces at two ends, and a feeding hole is formed in the top of one side of the cylinder wall; the end surface of the barrel at the discharging side of the spiral discharging chamber is a disc, a plurality of discharging through holes are distributed on the disc, and materials are discharged from the discharging through holes; a drain hole is arranged on the bottom cylinder wall of the spiral discharging chamber; a spiral slurry discharging chamber is arranged in the spiral discharging chamber, and a central shaft of the spiral slurry discharging chamber is connected with an external first driving motor;
the biomass crushing device comprises a crushing chamber, a spiral discharging chamber, a pair of crushing rollers, a roller bearing, a gear, a pair of crushing rollers, a pair of supporting rollers and a pair of supporting rollers, wherein the crushing chamber is arranged above a feeding hole of the spiral discharging chamber, biomass materials crushed by the crushing chamber fall into the spiral discharging chamber from the feeding hole;
the drainage chamber is positioned below the spiral discharge chamber, is communicated with the spiral discharge chamber through a drainage hole, and is provided with a drainage port provided with a valve; the drainage chamber is provided with an air inlet which is used for connecting a high-pressure air source.
2. The biomass processing device of claim 1, wherein the disk is welded to the wall of the spiral discharge chamber.
3. The biomass processing device according to claim 1, wherein the diameter of the discharge through hole is 8-15 mm.
4. The biomass processing apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the diameter of the discharge through-hole is 10 mm.
5. The biomass processing apparatus of claim 1, wherein the bore diameter of the drain hole is 1-1.5 mm.
6. The biomass processing device according to claim 1, wherein the spiral discharging slurry comprises a central shaft and paddles arranged on the central shaft, the paddles are spirally arranged along the central shaft, and both ends of the central shaft are arranged on the barrel end faces of both ends of the spiral discharging chamber through bearings.
7. The biomass processing device according to claim 1, wherein the rotating shaft of the active crushing roller is connected with the second driving motor through a coupling.
8. The biomass processing device according to claim 1, wherein a gear box is arranged at one side of the crushing chamber, and gears of the crushing roller are positioned in the gear box to realize protection of a gear transmission system.
9. The biomass processing device according to claim 1, further comprising a drying chamber, wherein the drying chamber is arranged on the discharging side of the spiral discharging chamber, the spiral discharging chamber is communicated with the drying chamber through a discharging through hole, a stirring paddle is arranged in the drying chamber, and the top of the stirring paddle is connected with a third driving motor; the bottom of drying chamber is provided with the discharge gate, is provided with the bottom that can open and shut on the discharge gate, is provided with the air inlet in the bottom of drying chamber, and the air inlet passes through the gas outlet intercommunication of pipeline and air heater, provides steam through the air heater in to the drying chamber, dries the material.
10. The biomass processing device according to claim 9, wherein the number of the air inlets at the bottom of the drying chamber is multiple, the multiple air inlets are uniformly distributed in the circumference, and each air inlet is respectively communicated with the air outlet main pipeline of the air heater through a sub-pipeline.
CN201921013147.9U 2019-07-02 2019-07-02 Biomass treatment device Active CN210374302U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921013147.9U CN210374302U (en) 2019-07-02 2019-07-02 Biomass treatment device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921013147.9U CN210374302U (en) 2019-07-02 2019-07-02 Biomass treatment device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN210374302U true CN210374302U (en) 2020-04-21

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201921013147.9U Active CN210374302U (en) 2019-07-02 2019-07-02 Biomass treatment device

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111536779A (en) * 2020-05-25 2020-08-14 刘晓思 Sand drying device with good drying effect

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111536779A (en) * 2020-05-25 2020-08-14 刘晓思 Sand drying device with good drying effect
CN111536779B (en) * 2020-05-25 2021-09-17 重庆洋矩建筑工程有限公司 Sand drying device

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