CN210360473U - Power-free sound wave vibration auxiliary processing drilling and milling cutter handle - Google Patents

Power-free sound wave vibration auxiliary processing drilling and milling cutter handle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210360473U
CN210360473U CN201921528797.7U CN201921528797U CN210360473U CN 210360473 U CN210360473 U CN 210360473U CN 201921528797 U CN201921528797 U CN 201921528797U CN 210360473 U CN210360473 U CN 210360473U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
handle
shaft
annular cylinder
cutter handle
annular
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201921528797.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周勇
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周勇
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Priority to CN201921528797.7U priority Critical patent/CN210360473U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN210360473U publication Critical patent/CN210360473U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The patent discloses a power-free sound wave vibration auxiliary processing drilling and milling cutter handle, wherein a vibrator shaft (15) is arranged in an annular cylinder of the cutter handle (6), the rear end of the vibrator shaft (15) is inserted into a taper shank of the cutter handle (6) through a combiner (23) and is connected with the cutter handle (6), and the front end of the vibrator shaft (15) extends out of the front end of the annular cylinder of the cutter handle (6) and is connected with a cutter (19); an alternating current power generation system is arranged on the annular cylinder of the knife handle (6), and an electromagnetic oscillation system is arranged on the oscillator shaft (15); the coil (8) of the alternating current power generation system is electrically connected with an electromagnetic oscillation coil (11) in the electromagnetic oscillation system through a lead (10). The advantages are that: under the condition of no external power supply drive, the problems of accretion and scale wings of the common drilling, milling and boring tool holder without the function of impact vibration and the problem that special materials such as glass, ceramics and the like are difficult to process are solved.

Description

Power-free sound wave vibration auxiliary processing drilling and milling cutter handle
Technical Field
The patent relates to a cutter handle for a cutting machine tool, in particular to a drilling and milling cutter handle without power supply for auxiliary processing of sound wave vibration.
Background
In order to solve the problems of accretion and scale fins in the metal processing process of mechanical cutting equipment such as drilling, milling and boring, and the problem that special materials such as glass and ceramics are difficult to process, it is recognized that if a cutter is used for cutting, high-speed micro vibration is generated between a cutting edge and a workpiece, and the problems are solved. Thus, an ultrasonic auxiliary processing mode is provided. However, the ultrasonic equipment has the problems of high price, need of configuring a special power generator, difficulty in setting the optimal working point of the cutter and the like. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a power-free acoustic vibration assisted machining drilling and milling cutter handle, and acoustic vibration is generated between the cutting edge of the cutter and a workpiece, so that the production problem is solved.
Disclosure of Invention
The utility model discloses a design a do not have supplementary processing of power acoustic vibration and bore and mill handle of a knife, adopt the general handle of a knife structure of standard, be general in various brill, mill, boring and machining center equipment, produce acoustic vibration during the cutting between cutter blade and work piece to improve the cutting performance of traditional handle of a knife and cutter.
The utility model discloses a technical scheme is:
the drilling and milling cutter handle without power supply for auxiliary processing of sound wave vibration is characterized in that: a taper shank fixedly connected with the rear end of the annular cylinder of the tool handle is inserted into a taper hole in the front end face of the rotating shaft of the main shaft for fixation, a vibrator shaft is arranged in the annular cylinder of the tool handle, the rear end of the vibrator shaft is inserted into the taper shank of the tool handle through a combiner and connected with the tool handle, and the front end of the vibrator shaft extends out of the front end of the annular cylinder of the tool handle and then is connected with a tool; an alternating current power generation system is arranged on the annular cylinder of the knife handle, and an electromagnetic oscillation system is arranged on the oscillator shaft;
the alternating current power generation system comprises an annular stator body fixedly arranged at the front end of a machine tool spindle shell and an annular rotor body fixedly arranged on the outer circumference of an annular cylinder of the tool holder, a permanent magnet magnetic ring is embedded in the ring of the annular stator body, and a silicon steel sheet and a coil are embedded in the ring of the annular rotor body;
the electromagnetic oscillation system is positioned in the annular cylinder of the knife handle and consists of a permanent magnet, an electromagnetic oscillation coil and a magnetic conduction ring which are fixedly arranged on the outer circumference of the middle part of the oscillator shaft; the vibrator shaft is used as a flexible connection support between the vibrator shaft and the annular cylinder of the knife handle through a group of disc springs respectively arranged at two ends of the electromagnetic oscillation system;
the coil of the alternating current power generation system is electrically connected with an electromagnetic oscillation coil in the electromagnetic oscillation system through a lead;
furthermore, the permanent magnet is embedded in the outer circumference of the oscillator shaft, an insulating framework is arranged on the outer circumference of the permanent magnet, and the electromagnetic oscillating coil is fixed on the inner wall of the magnetic conductive ring after being surrounded on the insulating framework; the disc springs at the two ends of the electromagnetic vibration oscillation system are clamped in annular stop ports respectively arranged on the inner circumference of the annular cylinder of the knife handle and the outer circumference of the vibrator shaft to serve as flexible supports between the vibrator shaft and the annular cylinder of the knife handle, and the vibrator shaft can rotate along with the knife handle and does reciprocating micromotion along the axis of the annular cylinder of the knife handle;
furthermore, an end cover is fixedly arranged at the front end of the annular cylinder of the tool handle, a vibrator shaft through hole is arranged in the center of the end cover, and a fork cutter ring for automatic tool changing and clamping is arranged on the outer circumference of the end cover;
furthermore, the front end of the oscillator shaft is connected with a cutter through a spring chuck;
furthermore, the rear end of the oscillator shaft is inserted into the taper handle of the knife handle through a hexagonal combiner, and a nylon anti-vibration ring is embedded between the oscillator shaft and the hexagonal combiner;
furthermore, a waterproof sealing ring is arranged at the connecting part of the front end of the annular cylinder body of the cutter handle and the end cover.
The advantage of this patent is:
1) under the condition of no external power supply drive, the design adopts a self-generating and electromagnetic oscillation system additionally arranged on the centrum knife handle to drive the knife to generate sound wave reciprocating vibration, so that the impact vibration processing between the cutting edge of the knife and a workpiece is realized;
2) the problems of accretion and scale wings of a common drilling, milling and boring cutter handle due to no impact vibration function and the problem that special materials such as glass, ceramics and the like are difficult to process are solved;
3) the method is beneficial to reducing the abrasion of the cutter in the conventional processing process and improving the processing quality and efficiency;
4) the universality and the automatic tool changing function of a standard common tool handle are reserved, and the tool can be used on various drilling, milling, boring and machining center equipment;
5) and an external power supply is not needed, so that the safety and the reliability are better.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of an embodiment of the present invention;
in the figure, 1, a machine tool; 2. a spindle housing; 3. an annular stator body; 4. a permanent magnet magnetic ring; 5. a main shaft rotating shaft; 6. a knife handle; 7. silicon steel sheets; 8. a coil; 9. an annular rotor body; 10. a wire; 11. an electromagnetic oscillation coil; 12. an insulating framework; 13. a magnetic conductive ring; 14. a disc spring; 15. a vibrator shaft; 16. a nylon vibration-proof pad; 17. an elastic collet; 18. locking the nut; 19. a cutter; 20. a permanent magnet; 21. an end cap; 22. a waterproof sealing ring; 23. a binder.
Detailed Description
As shown in fig. 1, in the drilling and milling cutter handle without power supply for assisting in processing sound wave vibration, the cutter handle 6 is provided with an annular cylinder, a taper shank which is the same as a standard cutter handle is fixedly connected to the rear end of the annular cylinder, and the taper shank at the rear end of the cutter handle 6 is inserted into a taper hole in the front end face of a spindle rotating shaft 5 of a machine tool 1 and fixed; a vibrator shaft 15 is arranged in an annular cylinder of the knife handle 6, the outer circumference of the hexagonal combiner 23 is of a hexagonal columnar structure, hexagonal holes matched with the hexagonal combiner 23 are respectively arranged in a taper shank at the bottom of the rear end in the annular cylinder of the knife handle 6 and in the rear end face of the vibrator shaft 15, the rear end of the vibrator shaft 15 is inserted into the hexagonal holes in the taper shank of the knife handle 6 through the hexagonal combiner 23 to be connected with the knife handle 6, and a nylon vibration-proof pad 16 is embedded between the hexagonal combiner 23 and the vibrator shaft 15 to prevent a vibration source from being transmitted into the knife handle body; the front end of the vibrator shaft 15 extends out of the front end of the cylinder of the knife handle 6 and then is connected with a cutter 19, the front end of the vibrator shaft 15 is a spring chuck composed of a standard elastic collet chuck 17 and a lock nut 18, and the front end of the vibrator shaft 15 is connected with the cutter 19 through the spring chuck.
An alternating current power generation system is arranged on the annular cylinder of the knife handle 6, and an electromagnetic oscillation system is arranged on the oscillator shaft 15; the alternating current power generation system comprises an annular stator body 3 fixedly arranged at the front end of a main shaft shell 2 of the machine tool 1 and an annular rotor body 9 fixedly arranged on the outer circumference of an annular cylinder of a tool shank 6, the annular stator body 3 is fixedly clamped on the outer circle of the end part of the main shaft shell 2 through an annular seat, a permanent magnet magnetic ring 4 is embedded in the ring of the annular stator body 3, and a silicon steel sheet 7 and a coil 8 are embedded in the ring of the annular rotor body 9.
The electromagnetic oscillation system is positioned in the annular cylinder of the knife handle 6 and consists of a permanent magnet 20, an electromagnetic oscillation coil 11 and a magnetic conduction ring 13 which are fixedly arranged on the outer circumference of the middle part of the oscillator shaft 15; the permanent magnet 20 is embedded in the outer circumference of the middle part of the oscillator shaft 15, an insulating framework 12 is arranged on the outer circumference of the permanent magnet 20, and the electromagnetic oscillation coil 11 is fixed on the inner wall of the magnetic conduction ring 13 after surrounding the insulating framework 12; the vibrator shaft 15 is used as a flexible connection support between the vibrator shaft and the annular cylinder of the knife handle 6 through a group of disc springs 14 respectively arranged at two ends of the electromagnetic oscillation system, the disc springs 14 at two ends of the electromagnetic oscillation system are clamped in annular rabbets respectively arranged on the inner circumference of the annular cylinder of the knife handle 6 and the outer circumference of the vibrator shaft 15 to form the flexible connection support, and the vibrator shaft 15 can rotate along with the knife handle 6 and does reciprocating micromotion along the axis of the annular cylinder of the knife handle 6.
An end cover 21 is fixedly arranged at the front end of the annular cylinder of the tool holder 6, a front end through hole of the oscillator shaft 15 is arranged at the center of the end cover 21, and a fork cutter ring for automatic tool changing and clamping is arranged on the outer circumference of the end cover 21; the electromagnetic oscillation system is packaged in the annular cylinder of the tool handle 6 through the end cover 21, and a waterproof sealing ring 22 is arranged at the connecting part of the end cover 21 and the annular cylinder of the tool handle to prevent cooling liquid from entering.
The coil 8 of the alternating current power generation system is electrically connected with an electromagnetic oscillation coil 11 in the electromagnetic oscillation system through a lead 10; an annular stator body 3 of an alternating current power generation system is fixed on a main shaft shell 2, an annular rotor body 9 is fixedly arranged on an annular cylinder of a tool shank 6, the annular stator body 3 and the annular rotor body 9 are arranged oppositely in the radial direction, a gap is reserved between the annular stator body 3 and the annular rotor body 9, when a main shaft rotating shaft 5 of a machine tool 1 rotates, magnetic lines of force generated by the annular stator body 3 can be cut, alternating current is generated in a coil 8, the current drives an electromagnetic oscillation coil 11 in the annular cylinder of the tool shank 6 through a connecting lead 10, because the electromagnetic oscillation coil 11 is arranged between a magnetic conduction ring 13 and a permanent magnet 20, longitudinal oscillation can be generated under the acting force of an electromagnetic field, so that a vibrator shaft 15 is driven to reciprocate back and forth, an elastic collet chuck 17, a locking nut 18 and a tool 19 are driven to generate mechanical vibration, the generated vibration is in a sound wave frequency range, and the specific vibration frequency, Parameters of the alternating current power generation system and the electromagnetic oscillation system are related, so that the sound wave vibration auxiliary processing without a power supply is realized, and the cutting performance is improved.
The disclosure above is only an application example of the patent, but the content of the patent is not limited thereto, and any changes that can be made by those skilled in the art should fall within the protection scope of the patent.

Claims (6)

1. The drilling and milling cutter handle without power supply for auxiliary processing of sound wave vibration is characterized in that: a taper shank fixedly connected with the rear end of an annular cylinder of the cutter handle (6) is inserted into a taper hole in the front end face of the rotating shaft (5) of the main shaft for fixing, a vibrator shaft (15) is arranged in the annular cylinder of the cutter handle (6), the rear end of the vibrator shaft (15) is inserted into the taper shank of the cutter handle (6) through a combiner (23) and connected with the cutter handle (6), and the front end of the vibrator shaft (15) extends out of the front end of the annular cylinder of the cutter handle (6) and then is connected with a cutter (19); an alternating current power generation system is arranged on the annular cylinder of the knife handle (6), and an electromagnetic oscillation system is arranged on the oscillator shaft (15);
the alternating current power generation system comprises an annular stator body (3) fixedly arranged at the front end of a spindle shell (2) of the machine tool (1) and an annular rotor body (9) fixedly arranged on the outer circumference of an annular cylinder of a tool handle (6), a permanent magnet magnetic ring (4) is embedded in a ring of the annular stator body (3), and a silicon steel sheet (7) and a coil (8) are embedded in a ring of the annular rotor body (9);
the electromagnetic oscillation system is positioned in the annular cylinder of the knife handle (6) and consists of a permanent magnet (20), an electromagnetic oscillation coil (11) and a magnetic conduction ring (13), wherein the permanent magnet (20), the electromagnetic oscillation coil and the magnetic conduction ring are fixedly arranged on the outer circumference of the middle part of the oscillator shaft (15); the vibrator shaft (15) is used as a flexible connection support between the vibrator shaft and the annular cylinder of the knife handle (6) through a group of disc springs (14) respectively arranged at two ends of the electromagnetic oscillation system;
the coil (8) of the alternating current power generation system is electrically connected with an electromagnetic oscillation coil (11) in the electromagnetic oscillation system through a lead (10).
2. The unpowered acoustic vibration assisted machining drilling and milling cutter handle as defined in claim 1 is characterized in that: the permanent magnet (20) is embedded in the outer circumference of the oscillator shaft (15), an insulating framework (12) is arranged on the outer circumference of the permanent magnet (20), and the electromagnetic oscillation coil (11) is fixed on the inner wall of the magnetic conduction ring (13) after surrounding the insulating framework (12); disc springs (14) at two ends of the electromagnetic oscillation system are clamped in annular stop ports respectively arranged on the inner circumference of the annular cylinder of the tool holder (6) and the outer circumference of the oscillator shaft (15) and used as flexible supports between the oscillator shaft (15) and the annular cylinder of the tool holder (6), and the oscillator shaft (15) can rotate along with the tool holder (6) and does reciprocating micromotion along the axis of the annular cylinder of the tool holder (6).
3. The unpowered acoustic vibration assisted machining drilling and milling cutter handle as defined in claim 1 is characterized in that: an end cover (21) is fixedly arranged at the front end of the annular cylinder of the cutter handle (6), a via hole of the oscillator shaft (15) is formed in the center of the end cover (21), and a fork cutter ring for automatic cutter changing and clamping is arranged on the outer circumference of the end cover (21).
4. The unpowered acoustic vibration assisted machining drilling and milling cutter handle as defined in claim 1 is characterized in that: the front end of the vibrator shaft (15) is connected with a cutter (19) through a spring chuck.
5. The unpowered acoustic vibration assisted machining drilling and milling cutter handle as defined in claim 1 is characterized in that: the rear end of the vibrator shaft (15) is inserted into the conical handle of the knife handle (6) through a hexagonal connector (23), and a nylon vibration-proof ring (16) is embedded between the vibrator shaft (15) and the hexagonal connector (23).
6. The unpowered acoustic vibration assisted machining drilling and milling cutter handle as defined in claim 1 is characterized in that: a waterproof sealing ring (22) is arranged at the connecting part of the front end of the annular cylinder body of the cutter handle (6) and the end cover (21).
CN201921528797.7U 2019-09-15 2019-09-15 Power-free sound wave vibration auxiliary processing drilling and milling cutter handle Expired - Fee Related CN210360473U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921528797.7U CN210360473U (en) 2019-09-15 2019-09-15 Power-free sound wave vibration auxiliary processing drilling and milling cutter handle

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921528797.7U CN210360473U (en) 2019-09-15 2019-09-15 Power-free sound wave vibration auxiliary processing drilling and milling cutter handle

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN210360473U true CN210360473U (en) 2020-04-21

Family

ID=70254811

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201921528797.7U Expired - Fee Related CN210360473U (en) 2019-09-15 2019-09-15 Power-free sound wave vibration auxiliary processing drilling and milling cutter handle

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN210360473U (en)

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GR01 Patent grant
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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20200421

Termination date: 20200915