CN210355613U - Ventilation hood and ventilation device - Google Patents

Ventilation hood and ventilation device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210355613U
CN210355613U CN201920736240.6U CN201920736240U CN210355613U CN 210355613 U CN210355613 U CN 210355613U CN 201920736240 U CN201920736240 U CN 201920736240U CN 210355613 U CN210355613 U CN 210355613U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
hood
ventilation
hood body
inflatable
fact
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201920736240.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
于涛
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Yijishan Hospital of Wannan Medical College
Original Assignee
Yijishan Hospital of Wannan Medical College
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
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Priority to CN201920736240.6U priority Critical patent/CN210355613U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN210355613U publication Critical patent/CN210355613U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a ventilation hood and a ventilation device, wherein a cavity with an open bottom is formed in a hood body; the bottom of the hood body is provided with a detachable inflatable ring, and inflatable interlayers which are mutually communicated are formed in the middle of the left side, the right side, the top side and the rear side of the hood body; at least two vent holes are arranged on the left side and/or the right side of the hood body, and two ends of each vent hole are respectively communicated with the cavity and the vent pipeline; the bottom of the cavity is folded towards the center, and a ring of annular sealing element connected with the inflatable ring is formed at the bottom of the hood body. Compared with the traditional ventilation mask, the ventilation hood is improved in comfort level and few in complications, and the ventilation device can be matched with the ventilation hood to assist in breathing according to the nerve-electricity activity detection breathing requirement.

Description

Ventilation hood and ventilation device
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a hood and ventilation unit ventilate.
Background
Noninvasive ventilation is an effective means for avoiding intubation and its related complications for patients with acute respiratory failure, and can preserve airway defense mechanism, speech and swallowing function of patients. In addition, non-invasive ventilation provides greater flexibility in assisting ventilation in loading and unloading. Non-invasive ventilation has proven to be a safe and effective treatment for improving gas exchange, relieving dyspnea, reducing respiratory rate and reducing inspiratory muscle work, which reduces the potential for invasive mechanical ventilation in patients with acute respiratory failure due to various etiologies.
Whether the noninvasive ventilation can successfully carry out effective treatment is closely related to the compliance of patients. The traditional noninvasive ventilation human-computer interface connection is mainly carried out by adopting an oral-nasal mask, a full mask, a nasal plug and a nasal sac tube, and has the defects of poor comfort and easy air leakage. In addition, the compression of the edge of the mask makes the patient easily open the mouth to breathe during the noninvasive ventilation treatment, so that the patient has dry mouth, bitter taste, halitosis, flatulence and the like, and the compression area of the mask of the patient can be damaged, ulcerated and the like after long-term use.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims at providing a hood and ventilation unit ventilate, this hood of should ventilating compares and improves to some extent in traditional face guard comfort level of ventilating, and the complication is few, and this ventilation unit detects respiratory demand according to nerve electricity activity, can cooperate the hood of ventilating to carry out the assisted respiration.
In order to achieve the purpose, the utility model provides a ventilation hood, which comprises a hood body, wherein a cavity with an open bottom is formed in the hood body; the bottom of the hood body is provided with a detachable inflatable ring, and inflatable interlayers which are mutually communicated are formed in the middle of the left side, the right side, the top side and the rear side of the hood body; at least two vent holes are arranged on the left side and/or the right side of the hood body, and two ends of each vent hole are respectively communicated with the cavity and the vent pipeline; the bottom of the cavity is folded towards the center, and a ring of annular sealing piece connected with the inflatable ring is formed at the bottom of the hood body.
Preferably, the annular sealing element is a strip-shaped sealing zipper or a thread gluing.
Preferably, the front side of the hood body is provided with a vertical opening, and the opening is sealed by a sealing zipper.
Preferably, the opening extends in a direction from the top of the head to the neck of the patient.
Preferably, the inner layer side wall and the outer layer side wall of the inflatable interlayer are connected through a plurality of soft connecting ribs.
Preferably, a first inflation nozzle is arranged on the inflation interlayer at the top side, the left side or the right side.
Preferably, a second inflation nozzle is arranged on the inflation ring.
Preferably, the hood body is of transparent construction.
Preferably, the positions of the ears inside the hood body are recessed towards two sides to form accommodating grooves.
The utility model also provides an air breather, this air breather includes: the nerve electrical activity auxiliary ventilation equipment body and the ventilation hood; the nerve electrical activity auxiliary ventilation equipment body is provided with a nerve activity detection port and a ventilation port, and the ventilation port is communicated with the ventilation pipeline.
According to the technical scheme, the bottom of the middle head cover body is provided with a cavity with an opening; the bottom of the hood body is provided with a detachable inflatable ring, and inflatable interlayers which are mutually communicated are formed in the middle of the left side, the right side, the top side and the rear side of the hood body; at least two vent holes are arranged on the left side and/or the right side of the hood body, and two ends of each vent hole are respectively communicated with the cavity and the vent pipeline; the bottom of the cavity is folded towards the center, and a ring of annular sealing piece connected with the inflatable ring is formed at the bottom of the hood body. During the use, the inflatable ring keeps the lax state, will connect hood body and inflatable ring from the first top position down cover, aerify the inflatable ring after the inflatable ring is located the neck position for the inflatable ring block is in the neck position, and the inflated how much decides according to patient's neck shape, and the neck is thicker can reduce the inflation volume in an appropriate amount in order to improve patient's comfort level. In addition, the left side of hood body, the right side, the centre of top side and rear side is formed with the interbedded layer of aerifing that communicates each other can effectually avoid patient's head secondary damage, protect patient's head, the front side of hood body sets up to the individual layer, can slow down the facial sense of oppression of patient, in addition, it needs to notice, the clearance about 5-8cm need be reserved between the interior front side of hood body and the patient face, ensure patient's comfort level and can avoid producing the concurrent injury to patient's face, the position of air vent also directly corresponds to in this clearance, be convenient for air feed and take a breath. In addition, the bottom of the cavity is folded towards the center, so that the sealing performance of the cavity in the hood can be ensured, and the folded lower port ensures that the head of a patient can extend into the cavity. In addition, the sealing performance can be further improved by connecting the annular sealing element with the head cover body and the inflatable ring. The utility model provides a ventilation unit can give the neural electric activity auxiliary ventilation equipment body according to action feedback respiratory signal such as the breathing nerve of patient, respiratory muscle to provide patient's air feed and take a breath through vent pipe, the supplementary patient that can be more accurate through the joining of neural electric activity auxiliary ventilation equipment body breathes.
Other features and advantages of the present invention will be described in detail in the detailed description which follows.
Drawings
The accompanying drawings, which are included to provide a further understanding of the invention and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate embodiments of the invention and together with the description serve to explain the principles of the invention and not to limit the invention. In the drawings:
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of a preferred embodiment of a vented hood of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a preferred embodiment of a vented hood of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a preferred embodiment of the body of the neuroelectrical activity-assisted ventilation apparatus of the present invention.
Description of the reference numerals
1 head cover body 2 air charging ring
3 aerating interlayer 4 vent holes
5 sealing zipper 6 second inflating nozzle
7 annular seal 8 vent conduit
9 holding tank 10 first charging connector
11 connecting rib 12 nerve electrical activity auxiliary ventilation equipment body
13 Vent Port 14 neural Activity detection Port
Detailed Description
The following detailed description of the embodiments of the present invention will be made with reference to the accompanying drawings. It is to be understood that the description of the embodiments herein is for purposes of illustration and explanation only and is not intended to limit the invention.
In the present invention, unless otherwise specified, the terms "upper, lower, left, right, front, rear, inner, and outer" and the like included in the terms refer to the orientation of the terms in the normal use state or the common names understood by those skilled in the art, and should not be construed as limiting the terms.
Referring to fig. 1-2, the hood comprises a hood body 1, wherein a cavity with an open bottom is formed in the hood body 1; the bottom of the hood body 1 is provided with a detachable inflatable ring 2, and inflatable interlayers 3 which are mutually communicated are formed in the middles of the left side, the right side, the top side and the rear side of the hood body 1; at least two vent holes 4 are arranged on the left side and/or the right side of the hood body 1, and two ends of each vent hole 4 are respectively communicated with the cavity and the vent pipeline 8; the bottom of the cavity is folded towards the center, and a ring of annular sealing element 7 connected with the inflatable ring 2 is formed at the bottom of the hood body 1.
Through the implementation of above-mentioned technical scheme, during the use, inflatable ring 2 keeps the lax state, and the hood body 1 that will connect and inflatable ring 2 cover down from the top position of the head, aerify inflatable ring 2 after being located the neck position to inflatable ring 2 for inflatable ring 2 block is in the neck position, and the inflated how much decides according to patient's neck shape, and the neck is thicker can reduce the comfort level of inflation volume in order to improve the patient in an appropriate amount. In addition, the left side of hood body 1, the right side, the centre of top side and rear side is formed with the inflatable interlayer 3 that communicates each other can effectually avoid patient's head secondary damage, protect patient's head, the front side of hood body 1 sets up to the individual layer, can slow down the facial sense of oppression of patient, in addition, it needs to notice, need reserve the clearance about 5-8cm between the interior front side of hood body 1 and the patient face, ensure patient's comfort level and can avoid producing the concurrent injury to patient's face, the position of air vent 4 also is in direct corresponding to this clearance, be convenient for air feed and take a breath. In addition, the bottom of the cavity is folded towards the center, so that the sealing performance of the cavity in the hood can be ensured, and the folded lower port ensures that the head of a patient can extend into the cavity. In addition, the sealing performance can be further improved by connecting the head cover body 1 and the inflatable ring 2 through the annular sealing piece 7. On the contrary, the air-discharging operation is firstly carried out on the air-charging ring 2 during the disassembly, thereby facilitating the disassembly.
In this embodiment, the whole hood needs to be hygienically and safely maintained, and is often cleaned and sterilized, and for the convenience of operation, the annular seal 7 is preferably a strip-shaped sealing zipper 5 or a hook and loop fastener. By adopting the detachable connection mode, the sealing performance of the joint of the two is ensured, and the disassembly and the assembly between the two are very quick and convenient. The thread gluing can be a long strip magic tape.
In this embodiment, when the ventilation hood is arranged on the head of a patient, it is inconvenient for medical staff to check or treat the head and the face of the patient, the ventilation hood needs to be taken off and then worn again, and time and energy for treatment and rescue are wasted.
In this embodiment, in order to facilitate medical staff to treat a region where facial organs of the head of a patient are concentrated, it is preferable that the opening extend in a direction from the top of the head of the patient to the neck of the patient.
In this embodiment, in order to increase the connection strength between the inner layer side wall and the outer layer side wall of the inflatable sandwich 3, it is preferable that the inner layer side wall and the outer layer side wall of the inflatable sandwich 3 are connected by a plurality of soft connection ribs 11.
In this embodiment, in order to facilitate inflation and deflation of the inflatable sandwich 3, a first inflation nozzle 10 is preferably disposed on the inflatable sandwich 3 at a position on the top side, the left side or the right side. The first inflating nozzle 10 is connected with an inflating device, so that the air pressure in the inflating interlayer 3 can be controlled in real time.
In this embodiment, in order to facilitate inflation and deflation of the inflatable ring 2, the inflatable ring 2 is preferably provided with a second inflation nozzle 6. The second inflating nozzle 6 is connected with an inflating device, so that the air pressure in the inflating ring 2 can be controlled in real time conveniently, and adaptability adjustment can be carried out on different patients conveniently.
In this embodiment, in order to relieve the tension of the ventilation mask when the ventilation mask is covered on the head of the patient, so that the ventilation mask can obtain a better visual field, facilitate simple communication with medical staff and family members, and timely feed back the condition of the patient, the mask body 1 is preferably of a transparent structure.
In this embodiment, since the ear discomfort is caused by the long time pressing of the ear by the inflatable sandwiches 3 at both sides of the hood body 1, it is preferable that the positions of the ears inside the hood body 1 are recessed to both sides respectively to form the receiving grooves 9 in order to alleviate the discomfort.
In addition, referring to fig. 3, the present invention also provides an air breather, including: a neuroelectrical activity assisted ventilation device body 12 and a ventilation hood; the nerve electrical activity auxiliary ventilation device body 12 is provided with a nerve activity detection port 14 and a ventilation port 13, and the ventilation port 13 is communicated with the ventilation pipeline 8. The utility model provides a ventilation unit can give the neural electric activity auxiliary ventilation equipment body 12 according to action feedback respiratory signal such as the breathing nerve of patient, respiratory muscle to provide patient's air feed and take a breath through air duct 8, the supplementary patient that can be more accurate through the joining of neural electric activity auxiliary ventilation equipment body 12 breathes. The nerve electrical activity auxiliary ventilation equipment body 12 is the existing equipment, and is not specifically described here, and the nerve activity detection port 14 in the nerve electrical activity auxiliary ventilation equipment body 12 is fixed on the patient body through medical equipment such as viscose or clips and is used for gathering the nerve breathing signal on the patient body, and the gas control through this breathing signal regulation and control air duct 8 makes the patient breathe more comfortable, has alleviated the pressure in the heart of disease.
The preferred embodiments of the present invention have been described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings, however, the present invention is not limited to the details of the above embodiments, and the technical concept of the present invention can be within the scope of the present invention to perform various simple modifications to the technical solution of the present invention, and these simple modifications all belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
It should be noted that the various technical features described in the above embodiments can be combined in any suitable manner without contradiction, and in order to avoid unnecessary repetition, the present invention does not need to describe any combination of the features.
In addition, various embodiments of the present invention can be combined arbitrarily, and the disclosed content should be regarded as the present invention as long as it does not violate the idea of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. A ventilation hood is characterized by comprising a hood body (1), wherein a cavity with an open bottom is formed in the hood body (1);
the bottom of the hood body (1) is provided with a detachable inflatable ring (2), and inflatable interlayers (3) which are mutually communicated are formed in the middles of the left side, the right side, the top side and the rear side of the hood body (1);
at least two vent holes (4) are arranged on the left side and/or the right side of the hood body (1), and two ends of each vent hole (4) are respectively communicated with the cavity and the vent pipeline (8);
the bottom of the cavity is folded towards the center, and a ring of annular sealing piece (7) connected with the inflatable ring (2) is formed at the bottom of the hood body (1).
2. Hood according to claim 1, characterized by the fact that said annular seal (7) is a sealing zipper (5) in the form of a strip or a hook and loop fastener.
3. Hood according to claim 1, characterized by the fact that the front side of the hood body (1) is provided with a vertical opening and that said opening is sealed by a sealing zipper (5).
4. A vented hood as claimed in claim 3 in which the direction of extension of the opening is from the top of the patient's head to the neck.
5. Hood according to claim 1, characterized by the fact that the inner and outer side walls of the inflatable sandwich (3) are connected by a plurality of soft connecting ribs (11).
6. Hood according to claim 1, characterized by the fact that the inflatable sandwich (3) is provided with a first inflation nozzle (10) in a top, left or right position.
7. Hood according to claim 1, characterized by the fact that a second inflation nozzle (6) is provided on said inflatable ring (2).
8. Hood according to any of claims 1 to 7, characterized by the fact that the hood body (1) is of transparent construction.
9. Hood according to any of claims 1 to 7, characterized by the fact that the hood body (1) is recessed internally on the ears, forming accommodation grooves (9) on both sides, respectively.
10. An aeration device, comprising: a neuroelectrical activity assisted ventilation device body (12) and ventilation hood according to any one of claims 1 to 9;
the nerve electrical activity auxiliary ventilation equipment body (12) is provided with a nerve activity detection port (14) and a ventilation port (13), and the ventilation port (13) is communicated with the ventilation pipeline (8).
CN201920736240.6U 2019-05-21 2019-05-21 Ventilation hood and ventilation device Expired - Fee Related CN210355613U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920736240.6U CN210355613U (en) 2019-05-21 2019-05-21 Ventilation hood and ventilation device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920736240.6U CN210355613U (en) 2019-05-21 2019-05-21 Ventilation hood and ventilation device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN210355613U true CN210355613U (en) 2020-04-21

Family

ID=70261143

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201920736240.6U Expired - Fee Related CN210355613U (en) 2019-05-21 2019-05-21 Ventilation hood and ventilation device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN210355613U (en)

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20200421

Termination date: 20210521