CN210314379U - Induction type automatic quenching treatment system - Google Patents

Induction type automatic quenching treatment system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210314379U
CN210314379U CN201921465450.2U CN201921465450U CN210314379U CN 210314379 U CN210314379 U CN 210314379U CN 201921465450 U CN201921465450 U CN 201921465450U CN 210314379 U CN210314379 U CN 210314379U
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China
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quenching
heating
spray
induction
inductor
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CN201921465450.2U
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魏晓林
张勋茂
黄亮
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Chengdu Xiling Power Technology Co ltd
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Chengdu Xiling Power Technology Co ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P10/00Technologies related to metal processing
    • Y02P10/25Process efficiency

Abstract

The utility model relates to an induction type automatic quenching treatment system. The heating and quenching of the prefabricated cam and the small disc parts are integrated on one induction type machine tool, so that the heating and the cooling are continuously completed, the labor productivity is effectively improved, the energy consumption is reduced, and the requirement of green production is met; the medium-frequency or high-frequency induction type heating is adopted, the induction heating can rapidly heat the small thin-walled part, the production efficiency is extremely high, the problem that the heat preservation required by large parts of the thin-walled part promotes the tissue transformation does not exist, and therefore the production efficiency of the method is higher; this application changes the part heating into induction heating, directly sprays the quenching, changes intermittent type formula thermal treatment into the mode of continuous assembly line processing, effectively improves the operating efficiency, and to small-size part, induction type heating intensifies fast, efficient, accords with the target of lean production singleton conveying.

Description

Induction type automatic quenching treatment system
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of the work piece quenches, concretely relates to automatic quenching processing system of induction type.
Background
A cam refers to a mechanical rotary or sliding member (such as a wheel or a projecting portion of a wheel) which transmits motion to a roller moving against its edge or to a needle bar moving freely on a grooved surface, or which is subjected to forces from such a roller and needle bar. The cam mechanism is mainly used for enabling the driven rod to complete various complex motions according to working requirements, including linear motion, swinging, constant-speed motion and unequal-speed motion.
In the processing process of the cam, quenching and tempering processes are adopted, and in the prior art, manual material loading and unloading are also adopted, so that the centralized processing condition can occur, the processing is not convenient and fast, the requirement of green production is not met, and the production efficiency is low.
Currently, the general quenching and tempering process adopts the steps of putting parts into a box furnace or a pit furnace for heating and heat preservation, and then taking out the parts to prevent the parts from being carried out in quenching liquid; after quenching is finished, the parts are put into a box furnace or a pit furnace again for heating, and finally, furnace cooling and other modes are adopted to eliminate quenching stress, reduce hardness and the like so as to meet the required mechanical performance. The mode needs parts to meet the economic production requirement under enough conditions, and the energy consumption is very huge under the conditions of frequent prototype and small-batch production.
The existing quenching process is centralized heating and cooling quenching, and the method is very suitable for large-scale and large-batch parts, but for small-scale parts and small-batch parts, because the batch requirements are different, the centralized treatment cannot reach the charging amount of a box furnace for blow-in heating, and great energy waste is brought; meanwhile, the centralized blowing-in has waiting time, which seriously affects the delivery time.
In order to solve the above problems, an induction type automatic quenching treatment system has been developed by the inventor.
Disclosure of Invention
The present invention is directed to solving the above problems and providing an induction type automatic quenching system.
The utility model discloses a following technical scheme realizes above-mentioned purpose:
an induction type automatic quenching processing system, comprising:
a spray driver; the spray driving machine is connected with the quenching liquid tank and is used for respectively spraying the quenching liquid in the quenching liquid tank to the upper part and the lower part of the quenching workpiece through the upper spray quenching nozzle and the lower quenching spray pipe;
a quenching liquid box; the quenching liquid box is respectively connected with the upper spray quenching nozzle and the lower quenching spray pipe,
a table support; the workbench bracket is transversely arranged in the case;
upward spraying a quenching nozzle; the upper spray quenching nozzle is arranged on the movable sliding rod;
a quenching inductor; one part of the quenching inductor is sleeved on the movable sliding rod in a sliding way;
moving the sliding rod; the movable sliding rod is vertically installed;
an inductor coil; the inductor coil is fixedly connected to the quenching inductor;
a quenching worktable;
quenching the lower spray pipe;
a worktable rotating shaft;
a drive system; the driving system is used for driving the rotating shaft of the workbench to rotate, and the upper end of the rotating shaft of the workbench is fixedly connected with the center of the bottom of the quenching workbench;
a quenching worktable; a quenching blanking station, a quenching feeding station and a quenching station are sequentially arranged on the quenching workbench clockwise;
a moving cylinder; the movable cylinder is installed in an inverted mode, and a piston rod of the movable cylinder is connected with the top of the quenching inductor.
The beneficial effects of the utility model reside in that:
the utility model relates to an induction type automatic quenching treatment system;
aiming at the characteristics of small size, thin wall and fast heating of the small-sized disc parts with inner holes, the diameter of the prefabricated cam is phi 80 mm or less, the heating and quenching (cooling) of the prefabricated cam and the small-sized disc parts are integrated on one induction machine tool by adopting an induction heating system, so that the heating and the cooling (quenching) are continuously completed, the labor productivity is effectively improved, the energy consumption is reduced, and the requirement of green production is met;
the application improves the traditional centralized heating and cooling quenching process which is divided into two steps, adopts the continuous quenching of single heating and single cooling to realize the continuous single quenching, and effectively reduces the quenching efficiency of small-batch workpieces.
The application adopts medium-frequency or high-frequency induction type heating, the induction heating can rapidly heat up the small thin-wall part, the production efficiency is extremely high, the problem that the heat preservation required by large parts of the thin-wall part promotes tissue transformation does not exist, and therefore the production efficiency of the method is higher.
This application changes the part heating into induction heating, directly sprays the quenching, changes intermittent type formula thermal treatment into the mode of continuous assembly line processing, effectively improves the operating efficiency, and to small-size part, induction type heating intensifies fast, efficient, accords with the target of lean production singleton conveying.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional view of the structure of the present application;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the installation structure of a quenching blanking station, a quenching loading station and a quenching station on a quenching worktable in the application;
in the figure: 1. a base; 2. a spray driver; 3. a quenching liquid box; 4. a table support; 5. upward spraying a quenching nozzle; 6. a quenching inductor; 7. moving the sliding rod; 8. an inductor coil; 9. quenching the workpiece; 10. a quenching worktable; 11. quenching the lower spray pipe; 12. a worktable rotating shaft; 13. a drive system; 14. a chassis; 15. a quenching blanking station; 16. a quenching and feeding station; 17. a quenching station; 18. and moving the air cylinder.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be further explained with reference to the accompanying drawings:
examples, as shown in fig. 1, 2;
an induction type automatic quenching processing system, comprising:
a spray driving machine 2; the spray driving machine 2 is connected with the quenching liquid tank 3 and is used for spraying the quenching liquid in the quenching liquid tank 3 to the upper part and the lower part of the quenching workpiece 9 through an upper spray quenching nozzle 5 and a quenching lower spray pipe 11 respectively;
a quenching liquid tank 3; the quenching liquid box 3 is respectively connected with the upper spray quenching nozzle 5 and the quenching lower spray pipe 11,
a table frame 4; the worktable bracket 4 is transversely installed in the chassis 14;
an upper spray quenching nozzle 5; the upper spray quenching nozzle 5 is arranged on the movable sliding rod 7;
a quenching inductor 6; one part of the quenching inductor 6 is sleeved on the movable sliding rod 7 in a sliding way;
moving the slide bar 7; the movable sliding rod 7 is vertically arranged between the top plate of the case 14 and the workbench bracket 4;
an inductor coil 8; the inductor coil 8 is fixedly connected to the quenching inductor 6;
a quenching table 10;
quenching the lower nozzle 11;
a table rotating shaft 12;
a drive system 13; the driving system 13 is used for driving the workbench rotating shaft 12 to rotate, and the upper end of the workbench rotating shaft 12 is fixedly connected with the bottom center of the quenching workbench 10;
a quenching table 10; a quenching blanking station 15, a quenching feeding station 16 and a quenching station 17 are sequentially arranged on the quenching workbench 10 clockwise;
a moving cylinder 18; the movable cylinder 18 is arranged on the lower part of the top plate of the case 14 in an inverted manner, and the piston rod of the movable cylinder 18 is connected with the top of the quenching inductor 6.
A chassis 14;
a base 1; the base 1 is arranged at the bottom end of the case 14; the spray driver 2 and the drive system 13 are mounted on the base 1.
The automatic quenching device mainly solves the problem of automatic quenching of disc type small parts, and is provided with a driving system 13 in principle, wherein the driving system 13 drives a workbench transmission shaft, and the workbench transmission shaft drives a quenching workbench 10. A servo motor and a speed reducing mechanism are arranged in the driving system 13, the rotating torque of the servo motor is transmitted to the quenching worktable 10 through a worktable rotating shaft after being changed by the speed reducing mechanism, and the automatic transposition of the quenching workpiece 9 is completed under the control of a computer.
The height positions of the quenching inductor 6 and the inductor coil 8 can be adjusted through the work of the movable air cylinder 18, after the workpiece 9 to be quenched is driven to the quenching station 17 by the driving mechanism, after the quenching inductor 6 detects a quenched part, the movable air cylinder 18 is started to push the inductor to move downwards integrally, so that the induction coil reaches the preset heating position of the quenched workpiece 9, the induction coil is electrified and heated to the preset temperature, the induction coil stops being electrified, the movable air cylinder 18 drives the quenching inductor 6 to move upwards to the preset position, the spray driving machine 2 installed on the base 1 is started, and the quenching workpiece 9 is sprayed with cooling liquid by the upper spray quenching liquid spray head and the lower quenching spray pipe 11 which are connected with the quenching liquid tank 3 to perform quenching treatment. After quenching, the driving mechanism rotates again to drive the quenching worktable 10 to rotate, and the second quenched workpiece 9 (placed again) is conveyed to the quenching station 17 again, and the automatic quenching treatment is repeated.
The work flow of the application is as follows: feeding, moving an inductor coil 8, heating, spraying and finishing quenching;
when the feeding and discharging device works, the mechanical arm can be used for controlling automatic feeding and discharging, and manual feeding and discharging can also be adopted. When the manipulator is used for loading and unloading, the loading station is set at the 6 o 'clock position, the unloading station is set at the 3 o' clock position, the quenching station 17 is sent to the 9 o 'clock position by the driving system 13, so that the setting is convenient for computer operation, and when the manipulator is used for loading manually, the workpiece can be taken at any position except 3 o' clock and 9 o 'clock in the positions from 3 o' clock to 6 o 'clock to 9 o' clock outwards of the workbench (9 o 'clock is the quenching station 17, and 3 o' clock is reserved for taking the workpiece).
In the application, considering the requirement that large parts need to be cooled quickly, an annular groove is formed below the quenching workbench 10, a quenching lower spray pipe 11 is arranged at the annular groove, and the upper spray pipe and the lower spray pipe can be started to spray and accelerate cooling at the same time when needed.
The foregoing illustrates and describes the principles, general features, and advantages of the present invention. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, and that the foregoing embodiments and descriptions are provided only to illustrate the principles of the present invention without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention. The scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims and equivalents thereof.

Claims (4)

1. An induction type automatic quenching processing system, characterized by comprising:
a spray driving machine (2); the spray driving machine (2) is connected with the quenching liquid box (3) and is used for spraying the quenching liquid in the quenching liquid box (3) to the upper part and the lower part of the quenching workpiece (9) through the upper spray quenching nozzle (5) and the quenching lower spray pipe (11);
a quenching liquid tank (3); the quenching liquid box (3) is respectively connected with an upper spray quenching nozzle (5) and a lower quenching spray pipe (11),
a table support (4); the workbench bracket (4) is transversely arranged in the case (14);
an upper spray quenching nozzle (5); the upper spray quenching nozzle (5) is arranged on the movable sliding rod (7);
a quenching inductor (6); one part of the quenching inductor (6) is sleeved on the movable sliding rod (7) in a sliding way;
a moving slide bar (7); the movable sliding rod (7) is vertically arranged;
an inductor coil (8); the inductor coil (8) is fixedly connected to the quenching inductor (6);
a quenching lower nozzle (11);
a table rotating shaft (12);
a drive system (13); the driving system (13) is used for driving the workbench rotating shaft (12) to rotate, and the upper end of the workbench rotating shaft (12) is fixedly connected with the center of the bottom of the quenching workbench (10);
a quenching table (10); a quenching blanking station (15), a quenching loading station (16) and a quenching station (17) are sequentially arranged on the quenching workbench (10) clockwise;
a moving cylinder (18); the movable air cylinder (18) is installed in an inverted mode, and a piston rod of the movable air cylinder (18) is connected with the top of the quenching inductor (6).
2. The induction automatic quench processing system of claim 1, further comprising:
a chassis (14);
a base (1); the base (1) is arranged at the bottom end of the case (14); the spraying driving machine (2) and the driving system (13) are arranged on the base (1).
3. The induction-type automatic quenching treatment system of claim 1, wherein the moving slide bar (7) is vertically installed between the top plate of the machine box (14) and the worktable bracket (4).
4. The induction type automatic quenching processing system as claimed in claim 1, wherein the moving cylinder (18) is installed upside down on the lower part of the ceiling of the cabinet (14).
CN201921465450.2U 2019-09-04 2019-09-04 Induction type automatic quenching treatment system Active CN210314379U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921465450.2U CN210314379U (en) 2019-09-04 2019-09-04 Induction type automatic quenching treatment system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921465450.2U CN210314379U (en) 2019-09-04 2019-09-04 Induction type automatic quenching treatment system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN210314379U true CN210314379U (en) 2020-04-14

Family

ID=70132149

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201921465450.2U Active CN210314379U (en) 2019-09-04 2019-09-04 Induction type automatic quenching treatment system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN210314379U (en)

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