CN210305868U - Square column vertical drilling machine - Google Patents

Square column vertical drilling machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210305868U
CN210305868U CN202020281271.XU CN202020281271U CN210305868U CN 210305868 U CN210305868 U CN 210305868U CN 202020281271 U CN202020281271 U CN 202020281271U CN 210305868 U CN210305868 U CN 210305868U
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China
Prior art keywords
drilling machine
square column
workstation
workpiece
main shaft
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CN202020281271.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王阳
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Yantai Juming Metal Technology Co Ltd
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Yantai Juming Metal Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN202020281271.XU priority Critical patent/CN210305868U/en
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a square column upright drill, including the drilling machine body, the drilling machine body includes the stand, main shaft and sliding connection workstation on the stand, the workstation bottom is equipped with the actuating mechanism that the drive table goes up and down, bolted connection has the vice on the workstation, the centre gripping has three-jaw chuck on the vice. The utility model discloses have stable centre gripping cylindrical workpiece, avoid the work piece to produce the effect of wearing and tearing.

Description

Square column vertical drilling machine
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of the technique of lathe and specifically relates to a square column upright drill is related to.
Background
The drilling machine is a machine tool which mainly uses a drill to machine a hole on a workpiece. Typically the drill bit is rotated into a primary motion and the drill bit is moved axially into a feed motion. The drilling machine has simple structure and relatively low processing precision, and can drill through holes and blind holes. The special prop can be replaced, and the special prop can be used for expanding, reaming or tapping and the like. In the machining process, the workpiece is fixed, the cutter moves, the center of the cutter is aligned with the center of the hole, and the cutter rotates (main motion). Drilling machines can be divided into upright, bench, rocker and deep hole drilling machines.
The vertical drilling machine is a drilling machine with a vertically arranged main shaft and a fixed central position, can automatically feed, has high power and mechanical strength, allows high cutting amount, can obtain high labor productivity and can obtain high processing precision.
The vertical drilling machine is divided into a square column vertical drill and a cylindrical vertical drill according to the appearance.
The prior Chinese utility model with the publication number of CN207387096U discloses a clamp for an upright drill, which comprises a clamp body and a plurality of cushion block upright columns vertically fixed on a workbench of the upright drill, wherein the cushion block upright columns are provided with a plurality of cushion blocks; the fixture body is placed on the cushion block, a plurality of height fixing blocks are vertically fixed on the workbench beside the fixture body, and the height of each height fixing block is consistent with that of the fixture body padded on the cushion block; the clamp body further comprises two clamping blocks used for clamping the workpiece, and a T-shaped hole is formed in each clamping block. This prior art has simplified the centre gripping step, makes things convenient for the centre gripping and height control is more swift.
The above prior art solutions have the following drawbacks: the T-shaped hole is formed in the clamping block in the prior art, the clamping block is suitable for clamping a square workpiece, when a vertical cylindrical workpiece is clamped, the drill bit can drive the workpiece to slightly vibrate in the workpiece machining process, and abrasion is easily caused to the periphery of the cylindrical workpiece.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
Not enough to prior art exists, the utility model aims at providing a square column upright drill has the cylindrical work piece of stable centre gripping, avoids the work piece to produce the effect of wearing and tearing.
The above utility model discloses an above-mentioned utility model purpose can realize through following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a square column upright drill, includes the drilling machine body, the drilling machine body includes the stand, and spindle mechanism and sliding connection are at the workstation on the stand, the workstation bottom is equipped with the actuating mechanism that the drive workstation goes up and down, can dismantle on the workstation and be connected with the three-jaw chuck.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the cylindrical work piece of centre gripping can be stabilized to the three-jaw chuck, can not produce slight vibrations among the drilling process, can effectively avoid cylindrical work piece by wearing and tearing. The three-jaw chuck is detachably connected with the workbench, so that different clamping assemblies can be conveniently replaced, the three-jaw chuck is suitable for machining workpieces in different shapes, and the application range of the drilling machine is widened.
The present invention may be further configured in a preferred embodiment as: the bolt connection has the vice on the workstation, the bottom fixedly connected with of three-jaw chuck supplies the square fixing base of vice centre gripping.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the vice is the common centre gripping subassembly of the square work piece of centre gripping, at the square fixing base of three main chucks's bottom fixed connection, can make the vice stabilize centre gripping three-jaw chuck. When a cylindrical workpiece needs to be processed, the three-jaw chuck is fixed on a vice and clamps the cylindrical workpiece; when a square workpiece is processed, the three-jaw chuck is taken down, and the square workpiece is clamped by the vice. The clamping device is convenient to clamp the three-jaw chuck, can meet the requirement of clamping square components, and is convenient to operate.
The present invention may be further configured in a preferred embodiment as: the driving mechanism comprises a rack which is vertically and fixedly connected to the stand column, the rack is meshed with a worm wheel which is rotatably connected to the bottom of the workbench, and the worm wheel is meshed with a worm which is rotatably connected to the bottom of the workbench.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the worm rotates, drives the worm wheel and rotates, and the worm wheel rotates along rack length direction, and then drives the workstation and go up and down, simple structure and convenient operation.
The present invention may be further configured in a preferred embodiment as: and a fixing ring for limiting the lifting height of the workbench is fixedly arranged on the upright post.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the fixed ring can inject the biggest elevating height of workstation, avoids worm wheel and rack slippage, also can avoid the high processing of time influence to the work piece of workstation.
The present invention may be further configured in a preferred embodiment as: the driving mechanism is a hydraulic cylinder.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the pneumatic cylinder starts, drives the workstation and goes up and down when the hydraulic stem is flexible, has saved the loaded down with trivial details step of staff's manual lift, uses manpower sparingly.
The present invention may be further configured in a preferred embodiment as: the main shaft mechanism comprises a main shaft and a plurality of auxiliary shafts which are uniformly distributed on the periphery of the main shaft, and the distance between each auxiliary shaft and the main shaft is adjustable.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, assisting increasing of axle is convenient for bore a plurality of driling to the work piece simultaneously, and the interval between assisting axle and the main shaft is adjustable, can satisfy the drilling processing of different diameter work pieces.
The present invention may be further configured in a preferred embodiment as: and the drilling machine body is provided with a cooling pipe.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, in the drilling process, can produce the heat, the coolant liquid in the cooling tube can be timely cool down the work piece, avoid work piece and drill bit because of the deformation that the temperature risees and cause, protection work piece and drill bit.
The present invention may be further configured in a preferred embodiment as: and the drilling machine body is provided with a lighting device.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, lighting device can improve the operational environment's of drilling machine illumination condition, satisfies the demand of operation at night simultaneously.
To sum up, the utility model discloses a following at least one useful technological effect:
1. the three-jaw chuck can stably clamp cylindrical workpieces, slight vibration cannot be generated in the drilling process, the cylindrical workpieces can be effectively prevented from being abraded, the three-jaw chuck is detachably connected with the workbench, different clamping assemblies can be conveniently replaced, the three-jaw chuck is suitable for machining workpieces in different shapes, and the application range of the drilling machine is enlarged;
2. the vice is the common centre gripping subassembly of square work piece of centre gripping, at the square fixing base of three main chucks's bottom fixed connection, can make the vice stabilize centre gripping three-jaw chuck.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the entire structure of embodiment 1;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the entire structure of embodiment 2.
In the drawing, 1, a drilling machine body; 11. a column; 112. a fixing ring; 12. a spindle mechanism; 121. a main shaft; 122. an auxiliary shaft; 13. a work table; 14. a drive mechanism; 141. a rack; 142. a worm gear; 143. a worm; 144. a handle; 145. a hydraulic cylinder; 15. a clamping assembly; 151. a vise; 152. a three-jaw chuck; 153. a fixed seat; 2. a cooling tube; 3. an illumination device.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Example 1
Referring to fig. 1, for the utility model discloses a square column upright drill, including drill body 1, drill body 1 includes stand 11 again, spindle unit 12 and workstation 13. The upright post 11 is a square column body and plays a supporting role; the main shaft mechanism 12 is connected to the upper end of the upright post 11 and used for clamping and controlling a drill bit; a driving mechanism 14 for driving the workbench 13 to ascend and descend is arranged at the bottom of the workbench 13, so that the workbench 13 can ascend and descend along the height direction of the upright post 11; above the table 13, a clamping assembly 15 is provided for clamping the workpiece and adjusting the height of the workpiece from the spindle mechanism 12.
Referring to fig. 1, a cooling pipe 2 is connected to a column 11, a cooling liquid is introduced into the cooling pipe 2, and a nozzle of the cooling pipe 2 is aligned with a workpiece on a table 13. In the drilling process, the cooling pipe 2 continuously sprays cooling liquid on the workpiece to cool and protect the workpiece.
Referring to fig. 1, still be connected with lighting device 3 on the stand 11, lighting device 3 can throw light on to drilling machine especially workstation 13, improves operational environment's luminance, satisfies night operation demand.
Referring to fig. 1, the main shaft mechanism 12 includes a main shaft 121 and a plurality of auxiliary shafts 122, the auxiliary shafts 122 are uniformly radially arranged around the main shaft 121, and the included angles between two adjacent auxiliary shafts 122 and the main shaft 121 are the same. The distance between the auxiliary shaft 122 and the main shaft 121 is adjustable, and the adjustment method is the prior art and is not described herein again. When a single drilling is performed on a workpiece, a drill bit may be connected to the spindle 121 to drill the workpiece. When a plurality of holes are drilled on a workpiece, the distance between the auxiliary shaft 122 and the main shaft 121 is adjusted as required to determine the number of drilled holes, and a corresponding number of drill bits are installed in the auxiliary shaft 122 to drill the workpiece.
Referring to fig. 2, the driving mechanism 14 includes a rack 141 vertically and fixedly connected to the column 11, the rack 141 is engaged with a worm wheel 142 rotatably connected to the bottom of the table 13, and the worm wheel 142 is engaged with a worm 143 rotatably connected to the bottom of the table 13. The worm 143 rotates to rotate the worm wheel 142, and when the worm 143 does not rotate, the worm wheel 142 cannot rotate. The worm 143 is horizontally disposed, and an end thereof remote from the worm wheel 142 protrudes out of the housing at the bottom of the table 13 and is fixedly connected with a handle 144. When the handle 144 is rotated, the worm 143 rotates to drive the worm wheel 142 to rotate, and the worm wheel 142 rotates and simultaneously changes displacement with the rack 141, so that the lifting of the workbench 13 is realized. The handle 144 is rotated clockwise to effect raising of the table 13, and the handle 144 is rotated counterclockwise to effect lowering of the table 13.
Referring to fig. 2, in order to limit the height of the table 13, a fixing ring 112 is fixedly connected to the column 11, and when the table 13 is raised to the position of the fixing ring 112, the handle 144 is abutted against the fixing ring 112, so that the handle 144 cannot be rotated clockwise.
Referring to fig. 2, the clamping assembly 15 includes a vise 151 and a three jaw chuck 152, and the bottom of the vise 151 is bolted to the table 13 for easy disassembly. The square fixing seat 153 is fixedly connected to the bottom of the three-jaw chuck 152, and the vice 151 can clamp the square fixing seat 153, so that the three-jaw chuck 152 is fixed on the workbench 13. When a cylindrical workpiece needs to be machined, the three-jaw chuck 152 is fixed on the vice 151, and the three-jaw chuck 152 clamps the cylindrical workpiece; when a square workpiece is to be machined, the three-jaw chuck 152 is removed and the square workpiece is held by the vice 151.
The implementation principle of the embodiment is as follows: when a square workpiece is to be machined, the three-jaw chuck 152 is not required to be held by the vise 151, and the square workpiece is held by the vise 151. Turning the handle 144 clockwise raises the table 13 until the drill bit contacts the workpiece and begins drilling. After drilling is completed, the handle 144 is rotated counterclockwise, the table 13 is lowered, and the workpiece is separated from the drill. The vise 151 is released and the workpiece is removed.
When a cylindrical workpiece is to be machined, the fixing base 153 of the three-jaw chuck 152 is clamped to the vise 151, and the cylindrical workpiece is clamped by the three-jaw chuck 152. Turning the handle 144 clockwise raises the table 13 until the drill bit contacts the workpiece and begins drilling. After drilling is completed, the handle 144 is rotated counterclockwise, the table 13 is lowered, and the workpiece is separated from the drill. The three-jaw chuck 152 is released and the workpiece is removed.
Example 2
Referring to fig. 3, the difference from embodiment 1 is that the drive mechanism 14 is a hydraulic cylinder 145.
The implementation principle of the embodiment is as follows: when a square workpiece is to be machined, the three-jaw chuck 152 is not required to be held by the vise 151, and the square workpiece is held by the vise 151. The hydraulic cylinder 145 is actuated to raise the table 13 until the drill bit contacts the workpiece and drilling begins. After drilling is completed, the hydraulic cylinder 145 is started, the table 13 is lowered, and the workpiece is separated from the drill. The vise 151 is released and the workpiece is removed.
When a cylindrical workpiece is to be machined, the fixing base 153 of the three-jaw chuck 152 is clamped to the vise 151, and the cylindrical workpiece is clamped by the three-jaw chuck 152. The hydraulic cylinder 145 is actuated to raise the table 13 until the drill bit contacts the workpiece and drilling begins. After drilling is completed, the hydraulic cylinder 145 is started, the table 13 is lowered, and the workpiece is separated from the drill. The three-jaw chuck 152 is released and the workpiece is removed.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides a square column upright drill, includes drilling machine body (1), drilling machine body (1) includes stand (11), workstation (13) of main shaft mechanism (12) and sliding connection on stand (11), workstation (13) bottom is equipped with actuating mechanism (14) that drive workstation (13) go up and down, its characterized in that: the driving mechanism (14) comprises a rack (141) vertically and fixedly connected to the upright post (11), the rack (141) is meshed with a worm wheel (142) rotatably connected to the bottom of the workbench (13), and the worm wheel (142) is meshed with a worm (143) rotatably connected to the bottom of the workbench (13); the screw bolt is connected with vice (151) on workstation (13), can dismantle on vice (151) and be connected with three-jaw chuck (152), the square fixing base (153) that the bottom fixedly connected with of three-jaw chuck (152) supplied vice (151) centre gripping.
2. The square column vertical drill press of claim 1, wherein: and a fixing ring (112) for limiting the lifting height of the workbench (13) is fixedly arranged on the upright post (11).
3. The square column vertical drill press of claim 1, wherein: the driving mechanism (14) is a hydraulic cylinder (145).
4. The square column vertical drill press of claim 1, wherein: the main shaft mechanism (12) comprises a main shaft (121) and a plurality of auxiliary shafts (122) which are uniformly distributed on the periphery of the main shaft (121), and the distance between each auxiliary shaft (122) and the main shaft (121) is adjustable.
5. The square column vertical drill press of claim 1, wherein: and the drilling machine body (1) is provided with a cooling pipe (2).
6. The square column vertical drill press of claim 1, wherein: and the drilling machine body (1) is provided with a lighting device (3).
CN202020281271.XU 2020-03-10 2020-03-10 Square column vertical drilling machine Active CN210305868U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020281271.XU CN210305868U (en) 2020-03-10 2020-03-10 Square column vertical drilling machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020281271.XU CN210305868U (en) 2020-03-10 2020-03-10 Square column vertical drilling machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN210305868U true CN210305868U (en) 2020-04-14

Family

ID=70135005

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202020281271.XU Active CN210305868U (en) 2020-03-10 2020-03-10 Square column vertical drilling machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN210305868U (en)

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