CN210297634U - Photoelectric building system with alarming and switching-off functions - Google Patents

Photoelectric building system with alarming and switching-off functions Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN210297634U
CN210297634U CN201921459090.5U CN201921459090U CN210297634U CN 210297634 U CN210297634 U CN 210297634U CN 201921459090 U CN201921459090 U CN 201921459090U CN 210297634 U CN210297634 U CN 210297634U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
alarm
switch
relay
voltage relay
photovoltaic component
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201921459090.5U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
徐国华
闫永刚
王鸿俊
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Zhengtai Shenzhen Comprehensive Energy Co ltd
Original Assignee
Zhengtai Shenzhen Comprehensive Energy Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Zhengtai Shenzhen Comprehensive Energy Co ltd filed Critical Zhengtai Shenzhen Comprehensive Energy Co ltd
Priority to CN201921459090.5U priority Critical patent/CN210297634U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN210297634U publication Critical patent/CN210297634U/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The utility model discloses a photoelectricity building system with report to police and turn-off function, including photoelectricity building piece and alarm switch device, photoelectricity building piece with alarm switch device connects, alarm switch device passes through the dc-to-ac converter and inserts the electric wire netting electronic box, photoelectricity building piece includes the photovoltaic component and sets up photovoltaic component outlying installation frame, alarm switch device includes first voltage relay, second voltage relay, solid state relay, temperature sensor, alarm and temperature controller. The utility model discloses have the warning and turn-off function, can prevent effectively that the high temperature that the photovoltaic component produced unusually from appearing or the incident that the electric leakage brought, in the installation frame is hidden to the cable of photovoltaic component simultaneously, prevent that the high-voltage cable from exposing.

Description

Photoelectric building system with alarming and switching-off functions
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a photoelectricity building integration field, specific theory relates to a photoelectricity building system with report to police and turn-off function.
Background
Solar photovoltaic is only used as a photovoltaic power station in the past, and no photovoltaic component is formed as a building material, or the solar photovoltaic is applied to buildings but does not have building properties, so that the solar photovoltaic is not in line with the safety performance of the buildings. With the environmental improvement and the adjustment of energy structures, the application of new energy, especially solar energy, is wider, and photovoltaic components play an important role in energy-saving transformation and green buildings. The inverter only has the functions of detecting electrical parameters and alternating current-direct current conversion in the photovoltaic system and does not have the fire-fighting function of a building body, and meanwhile, the photovoltaic component and cables thereof are hidden in building construction, and the leakage caused by damage, rainwater erosion or aging after operation is not paid attention to and a detection protective measure is taken. Therefore, the utility model provides a can satisfy different photovoltaic component products and take active safety precaution's photoelectric building system in photoelectric building system.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to overcome the deficiencies of the prior art, the utility model provides a photoelectric building system with report to the police and turn-off function.
The utility model discloses technical scheme as follows:
a photoelectric building system with alarming and turn-off functions is characterized by comprising a photoelectric building part and an alarming switch device, wherein the photoelectric building part is connected with the alarming switch device, the alarming switch device is connected to a power grid electric box through an inverter,
the photovoltaic building element comprises a photovoltaic component and a mounting frame arranged on the periphery of the photovoltaic component,
the alarm switch device comprises a first voltage relay, a second voltage relay, a solid-state relay, a temperature sensor, an alarm and a temperature controller, wherein the negative electrode of the photovoltaic component is connected with one end of a first normally closed switch of the solid-state relay, one end of the alarm and the positive power supply of the temperature controller respectively through the first voltage relay, the positive electrode of the photovoltaic component is connected with one end of a second normally closed switch of the solid-state relay, one end of the alarm and the positive power supply of the temperature controller respectively through the second voltage relay, the other end of the first normally closed switch of the solid-state relay and the other end of the second normally closed switch of the solid-state relay are connected with the inverter respectively, one end of a normally open switch of the solid-state relay is connected with one end of the alarm respectively, and the other end of the normally open switch of the solid-state relay is connected with the positive power supply of the temperature controller, the other end of the alarm is connected with the negative electrode of the power supply of the temperature controller, the temperature sensor is connected with the signal input end of the temperature controller, and the signal output end of the temperature controller is connected with the trigger of the solid-state relay.
Preferably, the negative electrode of the photovoltaic component is connected with one end of a normally closed switch of the first voltage relay, the positive electrode of the photovoltaic component is connected with one end of a normally closed switch of the second voltage relay, the other end of the normally closed switch of the first voltage relay is connected with one end of a first normally closed switch of the solid state relay, the other end of the normally closed switch of the second voltage relay is connected with one end of a second normally closed switch of the solid state relay, one end of a normally open switch of the first voltage relay and one end of a normally open switch of the second voltage relay are respectively connected with one end of the alarm, the other end of the normally open switch of the first voltage relay and the other end of the normally open switch of the second voltage relay are respectively connected with the positive electrode of the power supply of the temperature controller, and the negative electrode of the photovoltaic component is connected with the trigger of the first voltage relay, the positive pole of the photovoltaic component is connected with the trigger of the second voltage relay.
Preferably, the mounting frame is made of a metal material.
Preferably, the mounting frame is grounded.
Preferably, the photovoltaic component is arranged in the mounting frame with a cable connected to the alarm switch device.
Preferably, the photovoltaic component comprises several photovoltaic component units connected in series.
Preferably, the temperature sensor is disposed within the mounting frame.
Preferably, the alarm switch device is powered by a direct current power supply or an alternating current power supply.
Preferably, the alarm switch device is powered by the current generated by the photovoltaic component or mains electricity.
Preferably, the trigger voltage of the trigger of the first voltage relay and the trigger voltage of the trigger of the second voltage relay are both voltages exceeding 36V.
The utility model discloses have following advantage:
1. the cable of the photovoltaic component is arranged on the upper mounting frame of the photoelectric building body, the mounting frame is made of metal materials, heat generated by photovoltaic current is transferred to the metal frame to be radiated, and the high-voltage cable can be prevented from being exposed;
2. the utility model discloses an alarm switch device has the temperature detect switch function that the detection temperature is higher than 80 degrees acousto-optic warning function and is higher than 100 degrees, arranges temperature control line or temperature sensor in last installing frame, and sensor acquisition temperature parameter transmits and carries out photovoltaic power generation's turn-off and warning for alarm switch device, avoids arousing the conflagration because of the high temperature. When the temperature is lower than 80 ℃, photovoltaic power generation is automatically recovered so as to improve the energy utilization of the photoelectric building;
3. the utility model discloses an alarm switch device can detect the installation frame potential, and early warning is carried out when the safe voltage is higher than 36V, so as to prevent the building body from being electrified to cause personnel safety accidents;
4. the utility model discloses an alarm switch device can detect the positive and negative pole electric current of photovoltaic component, if have the electric leakage to turn off and report to the police;
5. the utility model discloses a turn-off of alarm switch device, all open circuit to the positive negative pole and the dc-to-ac converter of photovoltaic component, prevent that dangerous carries out high-power supply constantly.
6. The utility model discloses alarm switch device can adopt the electric current or the commercial power supply of direct current power supply, alternating current power supply, photovoltaic component's production.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 2 is an electrical schematic diagram of an embodiment of the present invention.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical problem, technical solution and advantageous effects to be solved by the present invention more clearly understood, the following description is given in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiments to illustrate the present invention in further detail. It should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are for purposes of illustration only and are not intended to limit the invention.
As shown in fig. 1-2, a photoelectric building system with alarm and shutdown functions comprises a photoelectric building element 11 and an alarm switch device 12, wherein the photoelectric building element 11 is connected with the alarm switch device 12, and the alarm switch device 12 is connected to a power grid electrical box 14 through an inverter 13.
The photovoltaic building element 11 comprises a photovoltaic element 111 and a mounting frame 112 arranged at the periphery of the photovoltaic element 111.
The alarm switch device 12 comprises a first voltage relay 121, a second voltage relay 122, a solid state relay 123, a temperature sensor 124, an alarm 125 and a temperature controller 126, wherein the cathode of the photovoltaic component 111 is connected with one end of a normally closed switch of the first voltage relay 121, the anode of the photovoltaic component 111 is connected with one end of a normally closed switch of the second voltage relay 122, the other end of the normally closed switch of the first voltage relay 121 is connected with one end of a first normally closed switch of the solid state relay 123, the other end of the normally closed switch of the second voltage relay 122 is connected with one end of a second normally closed switch of the solid state relay 123, the other end of the first normally closed switch of the solid state relay 123 and the other end of the second normally closed switch of the solid state relay 123 are respectively connected with the inverter 13, one end of a normally open switch of the first voltage relay 121, one end of a normally open switch of the second voltage relay 122 and one end of a normally open switch of the solid state relay 123, the other end of the normally open switch of the first voltage relay 121, the other end of the normally open switch of the second voltage relay 122 and the other end of the normally open switch of the solid state relay 123 are respectively connected with the positive electrode of the power supply of the temperature controller 126, the other end of the alarm 125 is connected with the negative electrode of the power supply of the temperature controller 126, the temperature sensor 124 is connected with the signal input end of the temperature controller 126, the negative electrode of the photovoltaic component 111 is connected with the trigger of the first voltage relay 121, the positive electrode of the photovoltaic component 111 is connected with the trigger of the second voltage relay 122, the trigger of the first voltage relay 121 and the other end of the trigger of the second voltage relay 122 are all grounded, and the signal output end of the temperature sensor 126 is connected with the trigger of.
Preferably, the mounting frame 112 is made of a metal material, which facilitates heat generated by the photovoltaic current to be transferred to the mounting frame 112 for heat dissipation.
Preferably, mounting frame 112 is grounded, and current on mounting frame 112 can be directed to ground in the event of a current leak.
Preferably, the cables of the photovoltaic member 111 connected to the alarm switch device 12 are disposed in the mounting frame 112 to prevent the high voltage cables from being exposed.
Preferably, the photovoltaic member 111 comprises several photovoltaic member units Sn connected in series.
Preferably, the temperature sensor 124 is disposed in the mounting frame 112, and the temperature sensor 124 collects the temperature coefficient of the photovoltaic member 111 to avoid fire caused by over-temperature due to short circuit or other reasons.
Preferably, the alarm switch device 12 is powered by a dc power source or an ac power source.
Preferably, the alarm switch device 12 is powered by the current generated by the photovoltaic member 111 or by mains electricity.
Preferably, the alarm 125 includes a buzzer and an LED lamp.
Preferably, the trigger voltage of the trigger of the first voltage relay 121 and the trigger of the second voltage relay 122 are both voltages exceeding 36V.
The utility model discloses a theory of operation:
when the photovoltaic component 111 is abnormal, such as short circuit or local heating, the temperature is transmitted to the metal frame, the temperature sensor 124 in the metal frame transmits the detected temperature to the signal input end of the temperature controller 126, when the temperature reaches 100 ℃ preset by the temperature controller 126, the temperature controller 126 outputs a signal to the solid-state relay 123, the solid-state relay 123 starts to work, the first normally closed switch and the second normally closed switch of the solid-state relay 123 are switched off, the power supply circuit of the photovoltaic component 111 is switched off, meanwhile, the normally open switch of the solid-state relay 123 is switched on, the audible and visual alarm circuit is switched on, and the buzzer and the LED lamp start to work and alarm; when the temperature sensor 124 detects that the temperature is lower than 80 ℃, the temperature controller 126 stops the operation of the solid-state relay 123, the audible and visual alarm is released, and the photovoltaic component 111 works normally.
When the positive and negative electrodes of the photovoltaic component 111 leak electricity at the same time, a short circuit is formed to generate high temperature, and the temperature controller 126 alarms and cuts off the power supply circuit of the photovoltaic component 111.
When the positive electrode of the photovoltaic member 111 leaks electricity, the current of the positive electrode of the photovoltaic member 111 passes through the grounded metal frame, the positive electrode of the photovoltaic member 111 becomes a ground terminal, which is equivalent to the ground terminal that the positive electrode of the photovoltaic member 111 is connected to the trigger of the first voltage relay 121, and at this time, the other end of the trigger of the first voltage relay 121 is connected to the negative electrode of the photovoltaic member 111, so as to form a voltage difference between the positive electrode leakage and the negative electrode. When the voltage difference exceeds 36V, the first voltage relay 121 is triggered to start working, the normally closed switch of the first voltage relay 121 is switched off, the photovoltaic component 111 stops working, the situation that an operator forms a loop between a positive electrode and a negative electrode when electricity leaks to cause electric shock is avoided, meanwhile, the normally open switch of the first voltage relay 121 is switched on, the audible and visual alarm circuit is switched on, and the buzzer and the LED lamp start working and alarming.
When the negative electrode of the photovoltaic member 111 leaks current, the current of the negative electrode of the photovoltaic member 111 passes through the grounded metal frame, the negative electrode of the photovoltaic member 111 becomes a ground terminal, which is equivalent to the ground terminal of the trigger of the second voltage relay 121, and the other end of the trigger of the second voltage relay 121 is connected to the positive electrode of the photovoltaic member 111, so as to form a voltage difference between the negative electrode leakage and the positive electrode. When the voltage difference exceeds 36V, the second voltage relay 121 is triggered to start working, the normally closed switch of the second voltage relay 121 is switched off, the photovoltaic component 111 stops working, the situation that an operator forms a loop between a positive electrode and a negative electrode when electricity leaks to cause electric shock is avoided, meanwhile, the normally open switch of the second voltage relay 121 is switched on, the audible and visual alarm circuit is switched on, and the buzzer and the LED lamp start working and alarming.
It will be understood that modifications and variations can be made by persons skilled in the art in light of the above teachings and all such modifications and variations are considered to be within the scope of the invention as defined by the following claims.
The above exemplary description of the present invention is made in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, and it is obvious that the present invention is not limited by the above manner, and various improvements made by the method concept and technical solution of the present invention or by directly applying the concept and technical solution of the present invention to other occasions without improvement are all within the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. A photoelectric building system with alarming and turn-off functions is characterized by comprising a photoelectric building part and an alarming switch device, wherein the photoelectric building part is connected with the alarming switch device, the alarming switch device is connected to a power grid electric box through an inverter,
the photovoltaic building element comprises a photovoltaic component and a mounting frame arranged on the periphery of the photovoltaic component,
the alarm switch device comprises a first voltage relay, a second voltage relay, a solid-state relay, a temperature sensor, an alarm and a temperature controller, wherein the negative electrode of the photovoltaic component is connected with one end of a first normally closed switch of the solid-state relay, one end of the alarm and the positive power supply of the temperature controller respectively through the first voltage relay, the positive electrode of the photovoltaic component is connected with one end of a second normally closed switch of the solid-state relay, one end of the alarm and the positive power supply of the temperature controller respectively through the second voltage relay, the other end of the first normally closed switch of the solid-state relay and the other end of the second normally closed switch of the solid-state relay are connected with the inverter respectively, one end of a normally open switch of the solid-state relay is connected with one end of the alarm respectively, and the other end of the normally open switch of the solid-state relay is connected with the positive power supply of the temperature controller, the other end of the alarm is connected with the negative electrode of the power supply of the temperature controller, the temperature sensor is connected with the signal input end of the temperature controller, and the signal output end of the temperature controller is connected with the trigger of the solid-state relay.
2. The optoelectronic building system with alarm and turn-off function as claimed in claim 1, wherein the negative electrode of the photovoltaic component is connected to one end of the normally closed switch of the first voltage relay, the positive electrode of the photovoltaic component is connected to one end of the normally closed switch of the second voltage relay, the other end of the normally closed switch of the first voltage relay is connected to one end of the first normally closed switch of the solid state relay, the other end of the normally closed switch of the second voltage relay is connected to one end of the second normally closed switch of the solid state relay, one end of the normally open switch of the first voltage relay and one end of the normally open switch of the second voltage relay are respectively connected to one end of the alarm, the other end of the normally open switch of the first voltage relay and the other end of the normally open switch of the second voltage relay are respectively connected to the positive electrode of the power supply of the thermostat, the negative pole of the photovoltaic component is connected with the trigger of the first voltage relay, and the positive pole of the photovoltaic component is connected with the trigger of the second voltage relay.
3. The optoelectronic building system with alarm and shutdown function of claim 1, wherein the mounting frame is a metal material.
4. Optoelectronic building system with alarm and shutdown functionality according to claim 3, characterized in that the mounting frame is grounded.
5. Optoelectronic building system with alarm and shutdown functionality according to claim 1, characterized in that cables connecting the photovoltaic components with the alarm switch device are arranged within the mounting frame.
6. Optoelectronic building system with alarm and shutdown function according to claim 1, characterized in that the photovoltaic component comprises several photovoltaic component units connected in series.
7. Optoelectronic construction system with alarm and shutdown function according to claim 3, characterized in that the temperature sensor is arranged within the mounting frame.
8. The optoelectronic building system with alarm and shutdown functions of claim 1, wherein the alarm switch device is powered by a dc power source or an ac power source.
9. The optoelectronic building system with alarm and shutdown function as claimed in claim 1, wherein the alarm switch device is powered by the current generated by the photovoltaic component or the commercial power.
10. The optoelectronic building system with alarm and shutdown function of claim 2, wherein the trigger voltage of the trigger of the first voltage relay and the trigger of the second voltage relay are both voltages exceeding 36V.
CN201921459090.5U 2019-09-03 2019-09-03 Photoelectric building system with alarming and switching-off functions Active CN210297634U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921459090.5U CN210297634U (en) 2019-09-03 2019-09-03 Photoelectric building system with alarming and switching-off functions

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921459090.5U CN210297634U (en) 2019-09-03 2019-09-03 Photoelectric building system with alarming and switching-off functions

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN210297634U true CN210297634U (en) 2020-04-10

Family

ID=70064250

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201921459090.5U Active CN210297634U (en) 2019-09-03 2019-09-03 Photoelectric building system with alarming and switching-off functions

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN210297634U (en)

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN107345979B (en) Insulator leakage current on-line monitoring system
JP2014068509A (en) Photovoltaic system
CN103944501A (en) PID recovery system for solar power station
CN205864361U (en) A kind of Intelligent photovoltaic combiner box of band arcing monitoring function
CN210297634U (en) Photoelectric building system with alarming and switching-off functions
CN103872752B (en) Transformer station's electric power system
CN105162244B (en) A kind of unattended monitoring circuit breaker prevention system
CN2753010Y (en) Power socket with overcurrent and short circuit protective device
CN203690905U (en) Insulation monitoring system for grounding photovoltaic power generation system
CN205320030U (en) Photovoltaic power generation system of detectable and harm of elimination hot spot effect
CN204994046U (en) Eliminostatic stick high voltage power supply protection circuit
CN205142115U (en) Photovoltaic power generation exchanges and box with a net safety device
CN205405797U (en) Electric infrared inductive switch alarm device is released to high pressure shaft tower heat
CN203827051U (en) Transformer station power supply system
CN206650499U (en) A kind of wireless control system of remote control combining inverter
CN212137273U (en) Signal control circuit of high-voltage complete cabinet
CN205004700U (en) Hotness intelligent control jack box
CN210803686U (en) Intelligent voice flashing light anti-creeping warning device for high-risk electric power facilities
CN211629615U (en) Fast arc and harmonic elimination and overvoltage protection device
CN205944728U (en) Clearance type one -level surge protector
CN215185262U (en) Electric intelligent electric leakage protection equipment for building
CN208271826U (en) A kind of Intelligent electric leakage automation warning device
CN106018967A (en) On-line ground insulating security monitoring device for distributed photovoltaic system
CN207489190U (en) A kind of electric power facility touch-proof alarming device
CN214170077U (en) Management device for fault entry of power transformation and distribution room

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant