CN210285979U - Building block stacking output device - Google Patents

Building block stacking output device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210285979U
CN210285979U CN201920383442.7U CN201920383442U CN210285979U CN 210285979 U CN210285979 U CN 210285979U CN 201920383442 U CN201920383442 U CN 201920383442U CN 210285979 U CN210285979 U CN 210285979U
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China
Prior art keywords
frame
tray
conveying device
conveying
lifting
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CN201920383442.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
冯利
岳兴山
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Shandong Huatong Hydraulic Machinery Co ltd
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Shandong Huatong Hydraulic Machinery Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a building block stacking output device, which comprises a frame body, a building block loading mechanism, a lifting mechanism with a rotary platform, a conveying device and a tray; the conveying device comprises a conveying device frame, linear conveying devices and a conveying driving device, wherein the two top surfaces of the linear conveying devices are flush and arranged at the top end of the conveying device frame; a vertical channel is vertically arranged in the middle of the conveying device frame; the lifting mechanism with the rotary platform comprises a lifting frame and a tray supporting and rotating device arranged on the lifting frame; the lifting frame is driven by a lifting frame lifting driving device arranged on the frame body; the tray supporting and rotating device is arranged in the vertical channel of the conveyor frame or right below the vertical channel. The utility model discloses building block pile up neatly output device can alleviate personnel intensity of labour, and the cost is with low costs, is applicable to middle and small enterprise, has improved production efficiency, has brought substantive help for the enterprise.

Description

Building block stacking output device
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of machinery, concretely relates to carry out the building block pile up neatly device of pile up neatly after the building block shaping.
Background
With the rapid development of modern industry, enterprises are gradually realizing mechanized production, wherein a trend is to replace manual stacking by a mechanical stacking mechanism, a mechanized production mode is adopted in the building block production industry at present, molded building blocks need to be maintained outdoors, the building blocks are taken down from a production conveying line by a stacker crane to be stacked layer by layer, and the stacker crane in the market at present mainly comprises a robot stacker crane, a low stacker crane and a high stacker crane. The robot stacker crane is mainly suitable for occasions with high stacking precision requirements, but the robot stacker crane is high in manufacturing cost, limited in working frequency and not suitable for small and medium-sized enterprises; the low-level stacker crane has low speed and low efficiency; the high-level stacker crane has the characteristics of high stability, high stacking speed, convenience in maintenance and the like. The existing high-order stacker crane needs a set of tray lifting and rotating system and a set of lifting and conveying system, so that the stacker crane has the disadvantages of large occupied space, complex structure, low operation efficiency, high manufacturing cost and unsuitability for small and medium-sized enterprises. In addition, at present, many enterprises still carry out manual handling after the building blocks are formed, so that the efficiency is low, the labor intensity is high, and the mechanical production is not facilitated.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
In order to overcome the problem that the hacking machine occupation space that current hacking machine exists is many, the structure is complicated, the operating efficiency is low, the manufacturing cost is higher, the utility model provides a building block pile up neatly output device.
The utility model provides a technical scheme that above-mentioned problem adopted as follows.
A building block stacking output device comprises a frame body, a building block loading mechanism, a lifting mechanism with a rotary platform, a conveying device and a tray; the conveying device is placed on the ground or at a certain height of the frame body; the conveying device comprises a conveying device frame, linear conveying devices and a conveying driving device, wherein the two top surfaces of the linear conveying devices are flush and arranged at the top end of the conveying device frame; a vertical channel is vertically arranged in the middle of the conveying device frame;
the lifting mechanism with the rotary platform comprises a lifting frame and a tray supporting and rotating device arranged on the lifting frame; the lifting frame is driven by a lifting frame lifting driving device arranged on the frame body; the tray supporting and rotating device is arranged in the vertical channel of the conveying device frame or right below the vertical channel; when the lifting mechanism with the rotary platform drives the conveying device above the lifting mechanism to ascend, the top surface of the tray supporting and rotating device is positioned above the top surfaces of the two linear conveying devices.
According to the preferable technical scheme, the linear conveying device is a conveying chain, and the conveying driving device is a conveying motor.
As a preferred technical scheme, the building block stacking output device comprises a tray input track and a tray output track, wherein the central axis of the tray input track, the central axis of the tray output track and the symmetry axes of two linear conveying devices are on the same straight line; and the top surface of the tray input track is flush with the top surfaces of the two linear conveying devices.
As a preferred technical scheme, the building block stacking output device comprises a control device and a plurality of sensors, the control device comprises a PLC, and the building block loading mechanism, the lifting mechanism with the rotary platform, the tray input track, the tray output track, the conveying device and the sensors are respectively connected with the control device through lines.
As a preferred technical scheme, a plurality of vertically arranged supporting legs are arranged at the bottom of the conveying device frame; the height of the supporting legs is greater than that of the lifting frame; when the lifting frame is lowered to a certain height of the frame body, the bottom surfaces of the supporting legs are contacted with the ground or the bottom end of the frame body to enable the conveying device frame to return, at the moment, the conveying device frame cannot continuously descend, the top surface of the tray supporting and rotating device is located below the top surface of the linear conveying device, the tray supporting and rotating device does not obstruct the movement of the tray on the linear conveying device, or,
the stop block is arranged at a certain height on the rack body, when the lifting rack is lowered to a certain height of the rack body, the conveying device rack returns due to the contact of the conveying device rack and the stop block, at the moment, the conveying device rack cannot continuously descend, the top surface of the tray supporting and rotating device is located below the top surface of the linear conveying device, and the tray supporting and rotating device does not block the movement of the tray on the linear conveying device.
As a preferable technical scheme, the number of the legs is at least three, and each leg is positioned outside the lifting frame, or,
vertical holes are arranged in the vertical direction in the lifting frame, each supporting leg penetrates through the vertical holes, or,
the lifting frame comprises a plurality of beams which are parallel to the ground and are vertical to the two linear conveying devices, and the supporting legs penetrate through gaps between the beams.
As the preferred technical scheme, the bottom surface of the conveying device frame is provided with a first groove, the top surface of the lifting frame is provided with a first bulge corresponding to the first groove, or the bottom surface of the conveying device frame is provided with a second bulge, and the top surface of the lifting frame is provided with a second groove corresponding to the second bulge.
As the preferred technical scheme, the tray supporting and rotating device comprises a rotating platform, a gear ring and a gear ring driving motor, wherein the central axis of the gear ring is vertically arranged; the gear ring and the gear ring driving motor are arranged on the lifting frame. Or the tray supporting and rotating device comprises a rotating platform and a rotating platform rotation driving motor, wherein the output shaft of the rotating platform rotation driving motor is vertically arranged at the top end, and the rotating platform is arranged on the top end of the output shaft of the rotating platform rotation driving motor.
As a preferred technical scheme, the building block loading mechanism is arranged at the top end of the frame body.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model, following beneficial effect has: the lifting mechanism with the rotating platform is positioned below the conveying device, and when the conveying device is positioned at the lowest position of the frame body, the lifting mechanism with the rotating platform does not block the input of the tray on the top surface of the conveying device; the conveying device is supported by the lifting mechanism with the rotary platform and positioned below the conveying device, the top surface of the lifting mechanism with the rotary platform is positioned above the top surface of the conveying device, so that the conveying device does not obstruct the rotation of the tray on the lifting mechanism with the rotary platform, and the lifting mechanism with the rotary platform can play a bearing role, a rotating role and a lifting role on the tray, so that the stacking of the building blocks layer by layer is completed; when the lifting mechanism with the rotating platform descends to the lowest position, the conveying device returns, and the lifting mechanism with the rotating platform does not obstruct the output of the tray on the top surface of the conveying device. The utility model discloses compare current high-order hacking machine, reduced the conveying system of one set of liftable, hacking machine occupation space is many, the pile up neatly procedure is simple and convenient, simple structure, operating efficiency are high, cause this lower, it is convenient to maintain. The utility model discloses a mechanical automation pile up neatly alleviates personnel intensity of labour, and the cost is with low costs, is applicable to middle and small enterprise, has improved production efficiency, has brought substantive help for the enterprise.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of embodiment 1 of the stacking device of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a partially enlarged view of a portion a of fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a partially enlarged view of a portion B of fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is a partially enlarged view of a portion C of fig. 1.
Fig. 5 is a state diagram of the palletising device of fig. 1.
Fig. 6 is a partially enlarged view of a portion D of fig. 5.
Fig. 7 is a partially enlarged view of a portion E of fig. 5.
Fig. 8 is a partially enlarged view of a portion F of fig. 5.
Fig. 9 is a state diagram of the palletising device of fig. 1.
Fig. 10 is a partially enlarged view of a portion G of fig. 9.
Fig. 11 is a schematic structural diagram of embodiment 2 of the stacking device according to the present invention.
Fig. 12 is a partially enlarged view of a portion H of fig. 11.
Fig. 13 is a state diagram of the palletising device of fig. 11.
Fig. 14 is a partially enlarged view of a portion I of fig. 13.
Fig. 15 is a state diagram of the palletising device of fig. 11.
Fig. 16 is a schematic structural diagram of embodiment 3 of the stacking device according to the present invention.
Fig. 17 is a state diagram of the palletising device of fig. 16.
Fig. 18 is a partially enlarged view of a portion J of fig. 17.
Fig. 19 is a state diagram of the palletising device of fig. 16.
Fig. 20 is a partially enlarged view of a portion K of fig. 19.
Figure 21 is a schematic view of a movable connection of the lifting frame and the conveyor frame.
Figure 22 is a schematic view of a movable connection of the lifting frame and the conveyor frame.
Figure 23 is a schematic view of the crane connected to the pallet support rotator.
Fig. 24 is a schematic structural diagram of embodiment 5 of the stacking device according to the present invention.
Fig. 25 is a partially enlarged view of a portion L of fig. 24.
Fig. 26 is a state diagram of the palletising device of fig. 24.
Fig. 27 is a state diagram of the palletising device of fig. 24.
Fig. 28 is a top view of the palletising device of fig. 27.
Wherein: a frame body-1; a stop block-11;
a building block loading mechanism-2; a building block conveying track-21; a horizontal plate-22 is temporarily placed in the building block; a horizontal plate drawing device-23 is temporarily placed in the building block; a loading robot-24;
a lifting mechanism-3 with a rotary platform; a lifting frame-31; a lifting frame lifting driving device-32; a tray supporting rotating device-33; a beam-34; a rotating platform-35; a vertically disposed ring gear-36; ring gear drive motor-37; a lifting hydraulic cylinder-38; a support hydraulic cylinder-39; a hydraulic lift cylinder-310; a pulley-311; a lifting chain-312;
tray input track-4; tray input track support-41; the pallet input track endless chain-42; a tray input track ring chain driving motor-43;
tray output track-5; tray output track support-51; an output roller-52; a pallet output track endless chain-53; a tray output track endless chain drive motor-54;
a conveying device-6; a conveyor frame-61; a conveying motor-62; -63, legs; a linear conveyor-64; vertical channel-65; a first recess-66; a first projection-67; a second projection-68; a second groove-69; a vertical bore-610;
a tray-7; tray receptacle-71; building blocks-8; PLC-9.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be further explained with reference to the drawings and examples.
Example 1. As shown in fig. 1-10, 21 and 23, the block stacking output device comprises a frame body 1, a block loading mechanism 2, a lifting mechanism 3 with a rotary platform, a conveying device 6 and a tray 7, wherein the block loading mechanism 2 is arranged at the top end of the frame body 1; the conveying device 6 is placed on the ground or at a certain height of the frame body 1; the lifting mechanism 3 with the rotary platform is arranged below the conveying device 6, and when the lifting mechanism 3 with the rotary platform rises to contact with the conveying device 6 above the lifting mechanism and drive the conveying device 6 to ascend together, the top surface of the lifting mechanism is positioned above the top surface of the conveying device 6.
The conveying device 6 comprises a conveying device frame 61 and linear conveying devices 64 which are arranged at the top end of the conveying device frame 61 and have two flush top surfaces, and the width of the tray 7 is larger than the distance between the two linear conveying devices 64; a vertical channel 65 is vertically arranged in the middle of the conveying device frame 61;
the lifting mechanism 3 with the rotary platform comprises a lifting frame 31 and a tray supporting and rotating device 33 arranged on the lifting frame 31; the lifting frame 31 is driven by a lifting frame lifting driving device 32 arranged on the frame body 1; the pallet support rotating means 33 are disposed in the vertical channel 65 of the conveyor frame 61; the support rotation device 33 passes through the vertical passage 65. When the lifting mechanism 3 with the rotary platform drives the conveying device 6 above the lifting mechanism to ascend, the top surface of the tray supporting and rotating device 33 is positioned above the top surfaces of the two linear conveying devices 64.
The building block stacking output device comprises a tray input track 4 and a tray output track 5, wherein the central axis of the tray input track 4, the central axis of the tray output track 5 and the symmetry axes of the two linear conveying devices 64 are on the same straight line; the linear conveying devices 64 are conveying chains, and the conveying device frames 61 are provided with conveying motors 62 which can drive the two conveying chains to move on the two conveying device frames 61. The conveying chains are annular conveying chains, and the planes of the two annular conveying chains are perpendicular to the central axis of the tray input track 4 and the central axis of the tray output track 5.
The tray output rail 5 and the tray input rail 4 are flush with the top surfaces of the two linear conveyors 64. The tray output rail 5 includes a tray output rail support 51, and a row of output rollers 52 perpendicular to the two linear conveyors 64 is provided on the top of the tray output rail support 51. The top surface of each exit roller 52 is flush with the top of the linear transport 64. The tray input rail 4 includes a tray input rail bracket 41, and tray input rail ring chains 42 are provided at both ends of the tray input rail bracket 41.
The building block stacking output device comprises a control device 9 and a plurality of sensors, the control device comprises a PLC, and the building block loading mechanism 2, the lifting mechanism 3 with the rotary platform, the tray input track 4, the tray output track 5, the conveying device 6 and the sensors are connected with the control device through circuits respectively.
The bottom of the conveying device frame 61 is provided with a plurality of vertically arranged supporting legs 63; there are 8 legs 63, each leg 63 being located outside the crane 31. The height of the supporting legs 63 is greater than that of the lifting frame 31; when the lifting frame 31 is lowered to a certain height of the frame body 1, the lifting frame can not be lowered continuously due to the contact of the bottom surfaces of the supporting legs 63 and the ground, so that the conveying device frame 61 is reset, the top surface of the tray supporting and rotating device 33 can be positioned below the top surface of the linear conveying device 64, and the tray supporting and rotating device 33 does not obstruct the movement of the tray on the linear conveying device 64. The crane 31 consists of two beams 34 parallel to the ground and perpendicular to the two linear conveyors 64, the legs 63 passing through the gap between the beams 34. The bottom surface of the conveying device frame 61 is provided with a first groove 66, and the top surface of the lifting frame 31 is provided with a first bulge 67 corresponding to the position.
The building block loading mechanism 2 comprises a building block conveying track 21, a horizontal plate 22 for temporarily placing building blocks, and a horizontal plate drawing-out device 23 for temporarily placing building blocks, wherein when the lifting frame 31 is lifted and the tray 7 on the tray supporting and rotating device 33 is close to the bottom surface of the horizontal plate 22 for temporarily placing building blocks, the horizontal plate 22 for temporarily placing building blocks is quickly drawn out from the frame body 1 through the horizontal plate drawing-out device 23 for temporarily placing building blocks, so that the building blocks on the horizontal plate 22 for temporarily placing building blocks can fall onto the tray 7 on the tray supporting and rotating device 33.
The lifting frame lifting driving device 32 comprises two lifting hydraulic cylinders 310 which are respectively arranged below the two ends of the lifting frame 31; a pulley 311 is installed at the top end of the output shaft of each lifting hydraulic cylinder 310, a lifting chain 312 is installed on each pulley 311, one end of the lifting chain 312 is connected with the lifting frame 31, and the other end is connected with the bottom end of the frame body 1.
The tray supporting and rotating device 33 comprises a rotating platform 35, a gear ring 36 and a gear ring driving motor 37, wherein the central axis of the gear ring 36 is vertically arranged, the rotating platform 35 is arranged at the top end of the gear ring 36, and the gear ring 36 is connected with the gear ring driving motor 37; the gear ring 36 and the gear ring driving motor 37 are arranged on the lifting frame 31.
The building block stacking output method is characterized by comprising the following steps:
step 1: the tray 7 is sent to a conveying device 6 which is arranged on the ground or at a certain height of the frame body 1 and is provided with a vertical channel 65;
step 2: a lifting mechanism 3 with a rotary platform is arranged below the conveying device 6, the conveying device 6 is lifted up through the lifting mechanism 3 with the rotary platform, and the tray supporting and rotating device 33 of the lifting mechanism 3 with the rotary platform jacks up the tray 7 on the conveying device 6 through a vertical channel 65 of the conveying device 6;
and step 3: loading the building blocks onto the tray 7;
and 4, step 4: the lifting mechanism 3 with the rotary platform returns to the position, so that the conveying device 6 returns to the position, and the tray 7 loaded with the building blocks falls onto the conveying device 6 again;
and 5: the tray 7 loaded with the building blocks is output by the conveying device 6.
In the step 1, one end of a conveying device 6 is provided with a tray input track 4, and a tray is conveyed to the conveying device 6 through the tray input track 4;
in step 2, the tray supporting and rotating device 33 of the lifting mechanism 3 with the rotating platform is positioned in the vertical channel 65 of the conveying device 6 or below the vertical channel 65; when the conveying device 6 is lifted by the lifting mechanism 3 with the rotary platform, the tray supporting and rotating device 33 of the lifting and rotating mechanism 3 can pass through the vertical channel 65 and jack up the tray 7 on the conveying device 6, so that the tray 7 is separated from the conveying device 6;
in step 3, the tray 7 is intermittently rotated by the tray supporting and rotating device 33, and the building blocks are loaded on the tray 7 by the building block loading mechanism 2 arranged on the frame body 1;
in the step 5, a tray output rail 5 is arranged on the tray input rail 4 far away from the end of the conveying device 6, and the conveying device 6 outputs the tray 7 loaded with the building blocks to the tray output rail 5.
The lifting mechanism 3 with the rotary platform comprises a lifting frame 31, a tray supporting and rotating device 33 arranged on the lifting frame 31; the lifting frame 31 is driven by a lifting frame lifting driving device 32 arranged on the frame body 1; the width of the lifting frame 31 is larger than that of the vertical channel 65 of the conveying device 6; the top end of the tray supporting and rotating device 33 is provided with a rotating platform 35; when the conveying device 6 is lifted up by the lifting mechanism 3 with the rotary platform, the rotary platform 35 jacks up the tray 7 on the conveying device 6, so that the tray 7 is separated from the conveying device 6;
the conveying device 6 comprises a conveying device frame 61, two linear conveying devices 64 which are parallel to each other and a conveying driving device, wherein a vertical channel 65 is arranged in the middle of the conveying device frame 61; two sides of the vertical channel 65 at the top end of the conveyor frame 61 are respectively provided with a linear conveyor 64, and the width of the tray 7 is larger than the distance between the two linear conveyors 64.
When the elevating mechanism 3 with the rotary table is at the lowermost position, the distance between the top surface of the elevating mechanism 3 with the rotary table and the bottom surface of the conveyor 6 is larger than the distance between the top surface of the conveyor 6 and the top surface of the tray support rotary device 33.
The lifting mechanism 3 with the rotary platform is positioned below the conveying device 6, and when the conveying device 6 is positioned at the lowest position of the frame body, the lifting mechanism 3 with the rotary platform does not block the input of a tray on the top surface of the conveying device 6; the conveying device 6 is supported by the lifting mechanism 3 with the rotary platform and positioned below the conveying device 6, the top surface of the lifting mechanism 3 with the rotary platform is positioned above the top surface of the conveying device 6, so that the conveying device 6 does not obstruct the rotation of the tray 7 on the lifting mechanism 3 with the rotary platform, and at the moment, the lifting mechanism 3 with the rotary platform can play a bearing role, a rotating role and a lifting role on the tray, so that the function of stacking the building blocks layer by layer is completed; when the lifting mechanism 3 with the rotary platform descends to the lowest position, the conveying device 6 is reset, and the lifting mechanism 3 with the rotary platform does not obstruct the output of the top tray of the conveying device 6. The utility model discloses compare current high-order hacking machine, reduced the conveying system of one set of liftable, hacking machine occupation space is many, the pile up neatly procedure is simple and convenient, simple structure, operating efficiency are high, cause this lower, it is convenient to maintain. The utility model discloses a mechanical automation pile up neatly alleviates personnel intensity of labour, and the cost is with low costs, is applicable to middle and small enterprise, has improved production efficiency, has brought substantive help for the enterprise.
Example 2. As shown in fig. 11 to 15, the present embodiment is different from embodiment 1 in that: the pallet support rotating means 33 is disposed directly below the conveyor frame 61 vertical channel 65. The crane elevation driving means 32 comprises two elevation hydraulic cylinders 38 respectively installed above both ends of the crane 31. When the lifting frame 31 is lowered to a certain height of the frame body 1, the support legs of the conveying device frame 61 are in contact with the bottom end of the frame body, the conveying device frame 61 cannot be lowered continuously, the conveying device frame 61 is returned, the top surface of the tray supporting and rotating device 33 is located below the top surface of the linear conveying device 64, and the tray supporting and rotating device 33 does not obstruct the movement of the tray on the linear conveying device 64.
The building block stacking output method comprises the following steps:
step 1: the tray is sent to a conveying device which is arranged at a certain height of the rack body and is provided with a vertical channel;
step 2: a lifting mechanism with a rotary platform is arranged below the conveying device, the conveying device is supported by the lifting mechanism with the rotary platform, and a tray supporting and rotating device of the lifting mechanism with the rotary platform penetrates through a vertical channel of the conveying device to jack up a tray on the conveying device;
and step 3: loading the building blocks onto the tray;
and 4, step 4: returning the lifting mechanism with the rotary platform to return the conveying device, and dropping the tray loaded with the building blocks onto the conveying device again;
and 5: and the tray loaded with the building blocks is output through a conveying device.
In the step 1, one end of the conveying device is provided with a tray input track 4, and a tray is conveyed to a conveying device 6 through the tray input track 4;
in step 2, the tray supporting and rotating device 33 of the lifting mechanism 3 with the rotating platform is positioned in the vertical channel 65 of the conveying device 6 or below the vertical channel 65; when the conveying device 6 is lifted by the lifting mechanism 3 with the rotary platform, the tray supporting and rotating device 33 of the lifting and rotating mechanism 3 can pass through the vertical channel 65 and jack up the tray 7 on the conveying device 6, so that the tray 7 is separated from the conveying device 6;
in step 3, the tray 7 is intermittently rotated by the tray supporting and rotating device 33, and the building blocks are loaded on the tray 7 by the building block loading mechanism 2 arranged on the frame body 1;
in the step 5, a tray output rail 5 is arranged on the tray input rail 4 far away from the end of the conveying device 6, and the conveying device 6 outputs the tray 7 loaded with the building blocks to the tray output rail 5.
The lifting mechanism 3 with the rotary platform comprises a lifting frame 31, a tray supporting and rotating device 33 arranged on the lifting frame 31; the lifting frame 31 is driven by a lifting frame lifting driving device 32 arranged on the frame body 1; the width of the lifting frame 31 is larger than that of the vertical channel 65 of the conveying device 6; the top end of the tray supporting and rotating device 33 is provided with a rotating platform 35; when the conveying device 6 is lifted up by the lifting mechanism 3 with the rotary platform, the rotary platform 35 jacks up the tray 7 on the conveying device 6, so that the tray 7 is separated from the conveying device 6;
the conveying device 6 comprises a conveying device frame 61, two linear conveying devices 64 which are parallel to each other and a conveying driving device, wherein a vertical channel 65 is arranged in the middle of the conveying device frame 61; two sides of the vertical channel 65 at the top end of the conveyor frame 61 are respectively provided with a linear conveyor 64, and the width of the tray 7 is larger than the distance between the two linear conveyors 64.
When the elevating mechanism 3 with the rotary table is at the lowermost position, the distance between the top surface of the elevating mechanism 3 with the rotary table and the bottom surface of the conveyor 6 is larger than the distance between the top surface of the conveyor 6 and the top surface of the tray support rotary device 33.
Example 3. As shown in fig. 16 to 20, the present embodiment is different from embodiment 1 in that: the lifting frame lifting driving device 32 comprises two supporting hydraulic cylinders 39 respectively arranged below the two ends of the lifting frame 31, and a stop block 11 is arranged at a certain height on the frame body 1. A stop block 11 is arranged at a certain height on the frame body 1. The bottom of the transporter frame 61 is not provided with legs 63. The crane elevation driving means 32 comprises two elevation hydraulic cylinders 38 respectively installed above both ends of the crane 31. The stop block 11 is arranged at a certain height on the frame body 1, when the lifting frame 31 is lowered to the certain height of the frame body 1, the conveying device frame 61 returns due to the contact of the conveying device frame 61 and the stop block 11, at the moment, the conveying device frame 61 cannot continuously descend, the top surface of the tray supporting and rotating device 33 is located below the top surface of the linear conveying device 64, and the tray supporting and rotating device 33 does not block the movement of the tray on the linear conveying device 64. The block loading mechanism 2 includes a loading robot 24, and the loading robot 24 holds the blocks to load the blocks onto the tray 7.
Example 4. As shown in fig. 22, the present embodiment is different from embodiment 1 in that: the bottom surface of the conveying device frame 61 is provided with a second bulge 68, and the top surface of the lifting frame 31 is provided with a second groove 69 corresponding to the second bulge. The crane 31 is provided with a vertical hole 610 in the vertical direction inside thereof, and each leg 63 passes through the vertical hole 610.
Example 5. As shown in fig. 24 to 28, the present embodiment is different from embodiment 1 in that: the tray supporting and rotating means 33 includes a rotary platform 35, an output shaft vertically oriented to the rotary platform rotation driving motor 13 provided at the top end, the rotary platform being mounted on the top end of the output shaft of the rotary platform rotation driving motor 313. The tray input track-4 comprises a tray input track support-41, and the left end and the right end of the tray input track support-41 are respectively provided with a tray input track annular chain-42; the tray input track endless chain-42 is connected to a tray input track endless chain drive motor-43. The tray output track-5 comprises a tray output track support-51, the left end and the right end of the tray output track support-51 are respectively provided with a tray output track annular chain-53, and the tray output track annular chain-53 is connected with a tray output track annular chain driving motor-54. The symmetry axis of the top surfaces of the two tray input track annular chains-42 and the two tray output track annular chains-53 is superposed with the symmetry axis of the two linear conveying devices-64; the top surfaces of the two tray input track annular chains-42 and the two tray output track annular chains-53 are flush with the top surfaces of the two linear conveying devices-64. During operation, put into tray input track 4 with several tray 7 (be equipped with tray jack 71 on the tray 7) by fork truck, when crane 31 is in the lowest position (initial position promptly), tray input track 4 is automatic carries the wooden tray to conveyor 6 of crane 31 on, hold up conveyor 6 and make the top surface of taking rotary platform's elevating system 3 be located above conveyor 6's top surface through being located conveyor 6 below taking rotary platform's elevating system 3, can jack-up the tray, make conveyor 6 not hinder the tray 7 on taking rotary platform's elevating system 3 rotatory, take rotary platform's elevating system 3 to play the bearing effect, the rotation effect, the elevating effect to the tray this moment. After the tray on the tray supporting and rotating device 33 reaches a certain height, the building block loading mechanism 2 loads building blocks, after one layer of building blocks is loaded, the tray 7 is rotated by 90 degrees and is descended by the height of one layer of bricks, after the second layer of brick bodies are in place, the second layer of brick bodies are rotated by 90 degrees and are descended by the height of one layer of bricks, the second layer of brick bodies are rotated and descended repeatedly to perform stacking action, after the height of the brick bodies reaches the requirement, the lifting frame 31 is descended to the lowest position, the conveying device 6 outputs the tray 7 loaded with the building blocks to the tray output track 5, and a forklift is waited to transfer a finished product (namely the tray 7 loaded with the building blocks. And at the moment, the stacker crane conveying device and the finished product storage conveying device are started, and the finished products are conveyed to the finished product storage conveying device. At this moment, as long as the finished product storage device can store the tray output track 5, even if the forklift is not in place, the whole stacking system can still continue to operate. When the finished product storage devices reach a certain number, the finished products are transported to the storage area one by the forklift until the finished product storage and conveying device is emptied. This device simple structure, work is steady, has reduced manual operation, has reduced the current situation that the assembly line often got into the waiting, has improved pile up neatly efficiency and fork truck availability factor.

Claims (9)

1. The utility model provides a building block pile up neatly output device which characterized in that: the building block stacking output device comprises a frame body (1), a building block loading mechanism (2), a lifting mechanism (3) with a rotary platform, a conveying device (6) and a tray (7); the conveying device (6) is placed on the ground or at a certain height of the frame body (1); the conveying device (6) comprises a conveying device frame (61), a linear conveying device (64) which is arranged at the top end of the conveying device frame (61) and has two flush top surfaces, and a conveying driving device arranged on the conveying device frame (61), wherein the width of the tray (7) is larger than the distance between the two linear conveying devices (64); a vertical channel (65) is vertically arranged in the middle of the conveying device frame (61);
the lifting mechanism (3) with the rotary platform comprises a lifting frame (31) and a tray supporting and rotating device (33) arranged on the lifting frame (31); the lifting frame (31) is driven by a lifting frame lifting driving device (32) arranged on the frame body (1); the tray supporting and rotating device (33) is arranged in the vertical channel (65) of the conveying device frame (61) or right below the vertical channel (65); when the lifting mechanism (3) with the rotary platform drives the conveying device (6) above the lifting mechanism to ascend, the top surface of the tray supporting and rotating device (33) is positioned above the top surfaces of the two linear conveying devices (64).
2. A block palletising output device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the linear conveying device (64) is a conveying chain, and the conveying driving device is a conveying motor (62).
3. A block palletising output device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the building block stacking output device comprises a tray input track (4) and a tray output track (5), wherein the central axis of the tray input track (4), the central axis of the tray output track (5) and the symmetry axes of the two linear conveying devices (64) are on the same straight line; the top surfaces of the tray output rail (5) and the tray input rail (4) are flush with the top surfaces of the two linear conveying devices (64).
4. A block palletising output device as claimed in claim 3, wherein: the building block stacking output device comprises a control device (9) and a plurality of sensors, the control device comprises a PLC, and the building block loading mechanism (2), the lifting mechanism (3) with the rotary platform, the tray input track (4), the tray output track (5), the conveying device (6) and the sensors are connected with the control device through lines respectively.
5. A block palletising output device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the bottom of the conveying device frame (61) is provided with a plurality of vertically arranged supporting legs (63); the height of the supporting legs (63) is greater than that of the lifting frame (31); when the lifting frame (31) is lowered to a certain height of the frame body (1), the conveying device frame (61) returns to the original position due to the contact of the bottom surfaces of the supporting legs (63) and the ground or the bottom end of the frame body (1), at the moment, the conveying device frame (61) cannot continuously descend, the top surface of the tray supporting and rotating device (33) is positioned below the top surface of the linear conveying device (64), the tray supporting and rotating device (33) does not obstruct the movement of the tray on the linear conveying device (64), or,
the stop block (11) is arranged at a certain height on the frame body (1), when the lifting frame (31) is lowered to the certain height of the frame body (1), the conveying device frame (61) returns due to the fact that the conveying device frame (61) is in contact with the stop block (11), at the moment, the conveying device frame (61) cannot continuously descend, the top surface of the tray supporting and rotating device (33) is located below the top surface of the linear conveying device (64), and the tray supporting and rotating device (33) does not block movement of trays on the linear conveying device (64).
6. A block palletising output device as claimed in claim 5, wherein: at least three support legs (63) are provided, each support leg (63) is positioned outside the lifting frame (31), or,
a vertical hole (610) is arranged in the vertical direction inside the lifting frame (31), each supporting leg (63) penetrates through the vertical hole (610), or,
the lifting frame (31) comprises a plurality of beams (34) which are parallel to the ground and vertical to the two linear conveying devices (64), and the supporting legs (63) pass through the gaps between the beams (34).
7. A block palletising output device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the bottom surface of the conveying device frame (61) is provided with a first groove (66), the top surface of the lifting frame (31) is provided with a first bulge (67) corresponding to the first groove, or the bottom surface of the conveying device frame (61) is provided with a second bulge (68), and the top surface of the lifting frame (31) is provided with a second groove (69) corresponding to the second bulge.
8. A block palletising output device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the tray supporting and rotating device (33) comprises a rotating platform (35), a gear ring (36) with a central axis arranged vertically and a gear ring driving motor (37), the rotating platform (35) is arranged on the top end of the gear ring (36), and the gear ring (36) is connected with the gear ring driving motor (37); the gear ring (36) and the gear ring driving motor (37) are arranged on the lifting frame (31).
9. A block palletising output device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the building block loading mechanism (2) is arranged at the top end of the frame body (1).
CN201920383442.7U 2019-03-25 2019-03-25 Building block stacking output device Active CN210285979U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920383442.7U CN210285979U (en) 2019-03-25 2019-03-25 Building block stacking output device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920383442.7U CN210285979U (en) 2019-03-25 2019-03-25 Building block stacking output device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN210285979U true CN210285979U (en) 2020-04-10

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201920383442.7U Active CN210285979U (en) 2019-03-25 2019-03-25 Building block stacking output device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN210285979U (en)

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