CN210225309U - Solar photovoltaic system device - Google Patents

Solar photovoltaic system device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210225309U
CN210225309U CN201921192883.5U CN201921192883U CN210225309U CN 210225309 U CN210225309 U CN 210225309U CN 201921192883 U CN201921192883 U CN 201921192883U CN 210225309 U CN210225309 U CN 210225309U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
sides
cell panel
cover
rotating shaft
mounting bracket
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CN201921192883.5U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
Enjun Zhang
张恩军
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Zhejiang Jiaou Environmental Technology Co ltd
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Zhejiang Jiaou Environmental Technology Co ltd
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Priority to CN201921192883.5U priority Critical patent/CN210225309U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The utility model discloses a solar photovoltaic system device, including pre-buried base and solar cell panel, the both ends of pre-buried base are equipped with symmetrical arrangement's stand, stand upper end swing joint has a hemisphere under cover of opening up, the under cover opening part is equipped with a mounting bracket, be equipped with a connecting axle that runs through both sides limit middle part around it on the mounting bracket, connecting axle swing joint is on the stand, and the connecting axle falls into the left and right sides of symmetry with the mounting bracket, and solar cell panel inclines respectively to set up in the mounting bracket both sides, the under cover lower part is equipped with a tractive device. The utility model discloses the symmetry is established and can be received the sunlight on two sides at the solar cell panel of mounting bracket both sides, effectively utilizes the sun illumination all day, and the inclination of solar cell panel can be adjusted to the draw gear who is equipped with, can adjust solar cell panel's inclination according to actual conditions, makes it reach the illumination angle of receiving of optimum, improves the generating efficiency.

Description

Solar photovoltaic system device
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a solar energy technical field, concretely relates to solar photovoltaic system device.
Background
Nowadays, the energy is increasingly in short supply, and the utilization of solar energy is more and more paid attention by people. The main utilization forms of solar energy include three main modes of solar photothermal conversion, photoelectric conversion and photochemical conversion. Solar energy in a broad sense is a source of much energy on earth, such as wind energy, chemical energy, potential energy of water, etc., in the form of energy caused by or converted into solar energy. The method for utilizing solar energy mainly comprises the following steps: the solar cell converts energy contained in the sunlight of the bar into electric energy through photoelectric conversion; the solar water heater heats water by using the heat of sunlight, and generates electricity by using the hot water. The solar energy is clean and environment-friendly, has no pollution, has high utilization value, and has no energy shortage, and various advantages determine the irreplaceable position in energy replacement.
The key element of the solar photovoltaic power generation technology is a solar cell, the solar cell is packaged and protected after being connected in series to form a large-area solar cell module, and the solar photovoltaic power generation device is formed by matching with a power controller and other components. In the current solar power system, the angle of the solar panel cannot be adjusted, the non-solar panel cannot be adjusted conveniently according to the actual installation condition, so that the solar light cannot be utilized more fully, the use efficiency of solar energy is reduced, meanwhile, the current solar panel can only receive the light of one side, and cannot receive the light when the light reaches the other side.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model discloses a solve above-mentioned problem, provide a structural design is reasonable, more enough adjust solar panel's angle according to actual conditions, can receive the illumination on two sides simultaneously, make full use of sun irradiant solar photovoltaic system device.
The utility model adopts the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a solar photovoltaic system device, includes pre-buried base and solar cell panel, the both ends of pre-buried base are equipped with symmetrical arrangement's stand, stand upper end swing joint has an opening hemisphere under shield up, the under shield opening part is equipped with one rather than circumscribed square mounting bracket of opening circumference, be equipped with a connecting axle that runs through both sides limit middle part around it on the mounting bracket, connecting axle swing joint is on the stand, and the left and right sides of symmetry is fall into with the mounting bracket to the connecting axle, is equipped with a pair of support column on the mounting bracket, solar cell panel inclines respectively to set up between the mounting bracket and the support column of the left and right sides, the under shield lower part is equipped with a tractive.
As a preferred technical scheme of the utility model, tractive device includes drag chain, rotation axis, motor, bevel gear group and controlling means, pre-buried base middle part is equipped with a holding chamber, and tractive device sets up in the holding chamber, the rotation axis is horizontal in the holding chamber, and the lateral wall of pre-buried base is extended at the both ends of rotation axis, the terminal fixedly connected with bevel gear of motor shaft of motor, the rotation axis middle part is equipped with bevel gear two, and bevel gear one and bevel gear two intermeshing are connected, and the angle of intersection between motor shaft and the rotation axis is 90 degrees, and both ends all are equipped with the wire winding groove about the rotation axis, the one end of drag chain is fixed and twines in the wire winding groove, and the other end of drag chain is fixed on the bottom shield, and the winding direction of the drag chain in the wire winding groove at both ends is each other reverse about, motor and controlling.
As a preferred technical scheme of the utility model, controlling means includes angle sensor, microprocessor, communication module and power module, pre-buried base outside is equipped with a control box, microprocessor, communication module and power module establish in the control box, angle sensor establishes in the bottom outside central authorities of end cover, and angle sensor's output is connected with microprocessor's input, communication module and microprocessor both way junction, the motor is connected with microprocessor's output, power module respectively, opening and close and just reverse of microprocessor control motor, communication module and cell-phone terminal wireless connection.
As a preferred technical scheme of the utility model, the middle part is equipped with a bar channel in the end cover, be equipped with the tooth's socket in the channel, the tooth's socket bottom is equipped with the wash port, and the channel both sides are equipped with a pair of spacing balladeur train, are equipped with the slide opening on the balladeur train, are equipped with a briquetting in the channel, the briquetting surface is equipped with matches the tooth of meshing with the tooth's socket, and the briquetting both ends are equipped with the gag lever post, and the gag lever post cover is.
As an optimal technical scheme of the utility model, solar cell panel includes transparent glass board, silicon cell piece group, lower transparent glass board and transparent backplate, silicon cell piece group comprises the silicon cell piece of the two-sided electricity generation of multi-disc, go up transparent glass board and lower transparent glass board and bond respectively on the upper and lower two sides of silicon cell piece group through the adhesive, the four sides of lower transparent glass board pass through rubber pad sealing connection with the four sides of transparent backplate.
As an optimized technical scheme of the utility model, the inside wall surface of end cover is attached to has the reflective membrane.
The utility model has the advantages that:
the utility model discloses simple structure, reasonable in design, the symmetry is established and is received the sunlight of both sides at the solar cell panel of mounting bracket both sides, utilizes the sun illumination all day effectively, and the inclination of solar cell panel can be adjusted to the draw gear who is equipped with, can adjust solar cell panel's inclination according to actual conditions, makes it reach the illumination angle of receiving of optimal, improves the generating efficiency.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a front view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a top view of the bottom cover;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged top view of the channel;
FIG. 4 is a side view of the carriage;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of a bevel gear set connection;
FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram of a solar cell panel structure;
fig. 7 is a connection block diagram of the control device.
The symbols in the drawings illustrate that:
1: pre-buried base, 2: solar cell panel, 3: column, 4: bottom cover, 5: mounting frame, 6: connecting shaft, 7: support column, 8: channel, 9: gullet, 10: drain hole, 11: carriage, 12: slide hole, 13: and (7) briquetting. 14: gag lever post, 15: drag chain, 16: rotation axis, 17: motor, 18: accommodating chamber, 19: motor shaft, 20: bevel gear one, 21: bevel gear two, 22: winding groove, 23: a control box; 201: upper transparent glass plate, 202: silicon cell group, 203: lower transparent glass plate, 204: a transparent backsheet.
Detailed Description
The invention will now be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
As shown in fig. 1 to 7, a solar photovoltaic system device comprises a pre-buried base 1 and a solar panel 2, wherein two ends of the pre-buried base 1 are provided with stand columns 3 which are symmetrically arranged, the upper end of each stand column 3 is movably connected with a hemispherical bottom cover 4 with an upward opening, the opening of the bottom cover 4 is provided with a square mounting frame 5 which is circumscribed with the opening circumference of the square mounting frame, the mounting frame 5 is provided with a connecting shaft 6 which penetrates through the middle parts of the front side edge and the rear side edge of the mounting frame, two ends of the connecting shaft 6 are movably connected with the stand columns 3, the mounting frame 5 is divided into symmetrical left and right sides by the connecting shaft 6, the mounting frames 5 on the left and right sides are respectively provided with the solar panel 2 which is opposite, the middle part of the mounting frame 5 is provided with a pair of supporting columns 7, the supporting columns 7 are vertical to the plane where the mounting frame, the middle part in the end shield 4 is equipped with a bar channel 8, the channel 8 is along the radian design of end shield 4 bottom, the 8 length direction projection of channel is parallel with 16 length direction projection of rotation axis, be equipped with tooth's socket 9 in the channel 8, the tooth's socket 9 bottom is equipped with wash port 10, 8 both sides of channel are equipped with a pair of spacing balladeur train 11 that sets up along its length direction, be equipped with the slide opening 12 along its length design on the balladeur train 11, be equipped with a cylindrical briquetting 13 in the channel 8, the height adaptation of briquetting 13 is in the width of channel 8, briquetting 13 surface is equipped with the tooth that matches the meshing with tooth's socket 9, briquetting 13 both ends are equipped with gag lever post 14, gag lever post 14 cover is established in slide opening 12, under the limiting displacement of balladeur train 11, briquetting 13 can make a round trip to. The function of the briquette 13: for example, when the bottom cover 4 inclines to the left, the left side of the bottom cover 4 declines in the center of gravity, the right side of the bottom cover 4 rises in the center of gravity, the press block 13 rolls to the left side under the action of gravity, when the bottom cover 4 is adjusted to a proper angle by the drag chain 15 to stop moving, the press block 13 finally stops at the lowest point of the bottom cover 4, the center of gravity of the bottom cover 4 is always ensured to be positioned at the lowest point, and the bottom cover cannot roll freely because the bottom cover is meshed with the channel 8, and only when the inclination angle is large enough, the bottom cover can roll to the left or to the right under the action of gravity. The bottom of the tooth groove 9 is provided with a water outlet which can discharge the rainwater falling into the bottom cover 4.
Further, a drawing device is arranged at the lower part of the bottom cover 4, the drawing device comprises a drawing chain 15, a rotating shaft 16, a motor 17, a bevel gear set and a control device, an accommodating cavity 18 is arranged at the middle part of the embedded base 1, the rotating shaft 16, the motor 17 and the bevel gear set of the drawing device are arranged in the accommodating cavity 18, the rotating shaft 16 is transversely arranged in the accommodating cavity 18, two ends of the rotating shaft 16 extend out of the side wall of the embedded base 1, a first bevel gear 20 is fixedly connected to the tail end of a motor rotating shaft 19 of the motor 17, a second bevel gear 21 is arranged at the middle part of the rotating shaft 16, the first bevel gear 20 and the second bevel gear 21 are mutually meshed and connected, the intersection angle between the motor rotating shaft 19 and the rotating shaft 16 is 90 degrees, the same winding grooves 22 are arranged at the left end and the right end of the rotating shaft 16, one end of the drawing chain 15 is fixed, the winding directions of the traction chains 15 in the winding grooves 22 at the left end and the right end are opposite to each other, and the motor 17 is electrically connected with the control device. When the solar cell panel winding machine works, the motor 17 drives the rotating shaft 16 to rotate forwards or backwards through the matching of the first bevel gear 20 and the second bevel gear 21, and because the winding directions of the drag chains 15 on the two sides are opposite, when the rotating shaft 16 rotates, the drag chain 15 on one side is in a winding state, and the drag chain 15 on the other side is in an unwinding state, so that the inclination angles of the solar cell panels 2 on the two sides are adjusted. For example, when the motor 17 drives the rotating shaft 16 to rotate forward, the left traction chain 15 is in a winding state, the traction chain 15 is wound in the left winding groove 22 in a recovering manner, the length of the traction chain 15 is shortened, the left bottom cover 4 is pulled downward under the action of the traction chain 15, so that the left bottom cover is inclined to the left, the right traction chain 15 is in an unwinding state, the traction chain 15 is separated from the winding groove 2, the length of the traction chain 15 is lengthened, the height requirement that the bottom cover 4 is lifted to the right due to the leftward inclination can be met, because the left and right traction chains 15 are arranged on the same rotating shaft 16 and the winding grooves 22 are the same, and the winding length of the left traction chain 15 is the same as the separation length of the right traction chain 15.
Further, the control device comprises an angle sensor, a microprocessor, a communication module and a power supply module, a control box 23 is arranged outside the embedded base 1, the microprocessor, the communication module and the power supply module are arranged in the control box 23, the angle sensor is arranged in the center of the outer side of the bottom cover 4, the output end of the angle sensor is connected with the input end of the microprocessor, the communication module is bidirectionally connected with the microprocessor, the motor 17 is respectively connected with the output end of the microprocessor and the power module, the microprocessor controls the opening and closing and the positive and negative rotation of the motor 17, the communication module is wirelessly connected with a mobile phone terminal, the power supply module is a storage battery or a solar battery, the solar cell panel 2 generates electricity to supply power to the solar cell panel, the power module supplies power to the motor 17, and a specific instruction is sent by the microprocessor or controlled by a mobile phone terminal. During specific control, the angle detection module detects the angle of the bottom cover 4 and sends the detected angle to the microprocessor, and the microprocessor controls the motor 17 to rotate forwards or backwards according to comparison so as to drive the rotating shaft 16 to rotate forwards or backwards, adjust the inclination angle of the bottom cover 4 and further adjust the inclination angle of the solar panel 2; or the data detected by the angle sensor is sent to the mobile phone terminal through the communication module, and the mobile phone terminal sends an instruction to the microprocessor according to the time and the installed geographic position to control the revolution number of the motor 17 to meet the adjusted optimal angle value. The microprocessor and the angle sensor in this embodiment are well known in the art, conventional means, and mature products on the market, and their structures and models are not described in detail here. The microprocessor may be a single chip or a CPU.
Further, the solar panel 2 comprises an upper transparent glass plate 201, a silicon cell group 202, a lower transparent glass plate 203 and a transparent back plate 204, the silicon cell group 202 is composed of a plurality of silicon cells with double-sided power generation, the upper transparent glass plate 201 and the lower transparent glass plate 202 are respectively bonded on the upper surface and the lower surface of the silicon cell group 202 through adhesives, and the four sides of the lower transparent glass plate 203 are hermetically connected with the four sides of the transparent back plate 204 through rubber pads. The back plate is designed into the transparent back plate 204, so that incident sunlight can be gathered through the bottom cover 4 and then reflected to the lower transparent glass plate 203 through the reflective film, the gathered reflected light can be fully absorbed, the reflected light is fully utilized, and the utilization rate of the reflected light is improved.
Finally, it should be noted that: these embodiments are merely illustrative of the present invention and do not limit the scope of the invention. In addition, other variations and modifications will be apparent to persons skilled in the art based on the foregoing description. And are neither required nor exhaustive of all embodiments. And obvious changes and modifications may be made without departing from the scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides a solar photovoltaic system device, includes pre-buried base (1) and solar cell panel (2), its characterized in that: the both ends of pre-buried base (1) are equipped with symmetrical arrangement's stand (3), stand (3) upper end swing joint has an opening hemisphere end cover (4) up, end cover (4) opening part is equipped with one square mounting bracket (5) circumscribed rather than the opening circumference, be equipped with one on mounting bracket (5) and run through connecting axle (6) at its front and back both sides limit middle part, connecting axle (6) swing joint is on stand (3), and connecting axle (6) fall into the left and right sides of symmetry with mounting bracket (5), is equipped with a pair of support column (7) on mounting bracket (5), solar cell panel (2) slope respectively and set up between mounting bracket (5) and support column (7) of the left and right sides, end cover (4) lower part is equipped with a tractive device.
2. The solar photovoltaic system apparatus of claim 1, wherein: the drawing device comprises a traction chain (15), a rotating shaft (16), a motor (17), a bevel gear group and a control device, wherein an accommodating cavity (18) is formed in the middle of the embedded base (1), the drawing device is arranged in the accommodating cavity (18), the rotating shaft (16) is transversely arranged in the accommodating cavity (18), two ends of the rotating shaft (16) extend out of the side wall of the embedded base (1), a first bevel gear (20) is fixedly connected to the tail end of a motor rotating shaft (19) of the motor (17), a second bevel gear (21) is arranged in the middle of the rotating shaft (16), the first bevel gear (20) and the second bevel gear (21) are meshed and connected with each other, an intersection angle between the motor rotating shaft (19) and the rotating shaft (16) is 90 degrees, winding grooves (22) are formed in the left end and the right end of the rotating shaft (16), one end of the traction chain (15) is fixed and wound in the winding grooves (22), and the other end of, the winding directions of the traction chains (15) in the winding grooves (22) at the left end and the right end are opposite to each other, and the motor (17) is electrically connected with the control device.
3. The solar photovoltaic system apparatus of claim 2, wherein: the control device comprises an angle sensor, a microprocessor, a communication module and a power module, a control box (23) is arranged outside the embedded base (1), the microprocessor, the communication module and the power module are arranged in the control box (23), the angle sensor is arranged in the center of the outer side of the bottom cover (4), the output end of the angle sensor is connected with the input end of the microprocessor, the communication module is in two-way connection with the microprocessor, the motor (17) is respectively connected with the output end of the microprocessor and the power module, the microprocessor controls the opening and closing of the motor (17) to rotate positively and negatively, and the communication module is in wireless connection with the mobile phone terminal.
4. The solar photovoltaic system apparatus of claim 1, wherein: the middle part is equipped with a bar channel (8) in end cover (4), be equipped with tooth's socket (9) in channel (8), tooth's socket (9) bottom is equipped with wash port (10), and channel (8) both sides are equipped with a pair of spacing balladeur train (11), are equipped with slide opening (12) on balladeur train (11), are equipped with a briquetting (13) in channel (8), briquetting (13) surface is equipped with the tooth that matches the meshing with tooth's socket (9), and briquetting (13) both ends are equipped with gag lever post (14), and gag lever post (14) cover is established in slide opening (12).
5. The solar photovoltaic system apparatus of claim 1, wherein: the solar cell panel (2) comprises an upper transparent glass plate (201), a silicon cell panel group (202), a lower transparent glass plate (203) and a transparent back plate (204), wherein the silicon cell panel group (202) is composed of a plurality of silicon cell panels with double-sided power generation, the upper transparent glass plate (201) and the lower transparent glass plate (203) are respectively bonded on the upper surface and the lower surface of the silicon cell panel group (202) through adhesives, and the four sides of the lower transparent glass plate (203) are connected with the four sides of the transparent back plate (204) in a sealing mode through rubber pads.
6. The solar photovoltaic system apparatus of claim 1, wherein: and a reflective film is attached to the surface of the inner side wall of the bottom cover (4).
CN201921192883.5U 2019-07-26 2019-07-26 Solar photovoltaic system device Active CN210225309U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921192883.5U CN210225309U (en) 2019-07-26 2019-07-26 Solar photovoltaic system device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921192883.5U CN210225309U (en) 2019-07-26 2019-07-26 Solar photovoltaic system device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN210225309U true CN210225309U (en) 2020-03-31

Family

ID=69917879

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201921192883.5U Active CN210225309U (en) 2019-07-26 2019-07-26 Solar photovoltaic system device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN210225309U (en)

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