CN210215074U - Anaerobic device for waste treatment - Google Patents

Anaerobic device for waste treatment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210215074U
CN210215074U CN201920648578.6U CN201920648578U CN210215074U CN 210215074 U CN210215074 U CN 210215074U CN 201920648578 U CN201920648578 U CN 201920648578U CN 210215074 U CN210215074 U CN 210215074U
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anaerobic reaction
anaerobic
pipe
lifting
cover
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CN201920648578.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
Qimeng Su
苏启蒙
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Shaanxi Shuifa environment Co.,Ltd.
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Shaanxi Central Environmental Protection Technology Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an anaerobic device for waste treatment, which has reasonable structure, can control the space size above the liquid level along with the liquid level reduction, and avoid the transition increase of the oxygen content; the utility model discloses a reinforced continuity is good, and the feed liquor upwards rises by the bottom of anaerobic reaction portion, and the structure is more reasonable, helps the reliable completion of anaerobic reaction. The utility model comprises an anaerobic reaction tank which is divided into a left liquid inlet channel and a right anaerobic reaction part by a clapboard; the liquid inlet channel is communicated with the bottom of the anaerobic reaction part through a flow channel; one side of the liquid inlet channel is provided with a liquid inlet pipe; the anaerobic reaction part is sequentially provided with an aeration pipe, a sedimentation partition plate, an annular heater, a spoiler and a lifting cover from bottom to top; the anaerobic reaction tank is of a cuboid structure, and a cover plate is arranged at the top of the anaerobic reaction tank; the middle part of the cover plate is provided with a lifting rack penetrating through the cover plate; and a liquid discharge pipe is arranged on the side wall of the anaerobic reaction part, which is far away from one side of the liquid inlet channel, and is positioned below the lifting cover.

Description

Anaerobic device for waste treatment
Technical Field
The utility model relates to an anaerobic device for waste treatment, in particular to an anaerobic reaction tank for anaerobic reaction treatment of waste liquid.
Background
Nowadays, with the development of science and technology and the progress of society, the problem of water resource shortage cannot be avoided, the problem of reaching the standard of wastewater difficult to treat in various fields must be treated seriously, taking livestock and poultry breeding wastewater as an example, the conventional sewage treatment process is roughly divided into two types, namely biogas slurry returning and advanced treatment. The biogas slurry returning needs a large amount of land to be consumed, the small and medium-scale pig farms are not suitable for use, and the content of pollutants such as heavy metals in the biogas slurry exceeds the standard, so that crops in the land are not suitable for eating, and the health of people and the economic value of the crops are seriously influenced.
In the existing anaerobic reaction tank, in the process of the waste liquid reaction, along with the liquid level reduction of the liquid, the space above the liquid is larger and larger, and the oxygen content is also increased, so that the high-efficiency implementation of the anaerobic reaction is not facilitated; meanwhile, the continuity of the waste liquid adding and discharging processes of the existing anaerobic reaction tank is poor, the whole reaction tank needs to be opened frequently, and the treatment efficiency is reduced.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims to solve the technical problem that the anaerobic device for waste treatment is disclosed aiming at the defects in the prior art, has reasonable structure, can control the space size above the liquid level along with the reduction of the liquid level and avoid the excessive increase of the oxygen content; the utility model discloses a reinforced continuity is good, and the feed liquor upwards rises by the bottom of anaerobic reaction portion, and the structure is more reasonable, helps the reliable completion of anaerobic reaction.
The utility model provides a technical scheme that its technical problem adopted is: the anaerobic device for waste treatment comprises an anaerobic reaction tank, wherein the anaerobic reaction tank is divided into a liquid inlet channel at the left side and an anaerobic reaction part at the right side by a partition plate; the liquid inlet channel is communicated with the bottom of the anaerobic reaction part through a flow channel; one side of the liquid inlet channel is provided with a liquid inlet pipe; the anaerobic reaction part is sequentially provided with an aeration pipe, a sedimentation partition plate, an annular heater, a spoiler and a lifting cover from bottom to top; the anaerobic reaction tank is of a cuboid structure, and a cover plate is arranged at the top of the anaerobic reaction tank;
the middle part of the cover plate is provided with a lifting rack penetrating through the cover plate, the lifting rack is meshed with a driving gear driven by a speed reduction motor on the cover plate, the speed reduction motor is fixed on the cover plate through bolts, a rack limiting plate is fixed on the cover plate on the other side of the lifting rack, a supporting pulley which is tightly contacted with one side of the plane of the lifting rack is fixed in the side wall of the rack limiting plate close to one side of the lifting rack, the lower end of the lifting rack is vertically and fixedly connected with a lifting cover which is arranged below the cover plate and in the anaerobic reaction part, and the side wall of the lifting cover is tightly attached; a sealing ring which is tightly contacted with the inner side wall of the anaerobic reaction part is embedded in the side wall of the lifting cover;
a liquid discharge pipe is arranged on the side wall of the anaerobic reaction part, which is far away from one side of the liquid inlet channel, and is positioned below the lifting cover;
the lower surface of the lifting cover is provided with a conical gas collecting groove, the tip of the gas collecting groove is communicated with the lower end of the exhaust pipe, and the top of the exhaust pipe extends to the upper part of the cover plate and is connected with the exhaust buffer tank; the exhaust buffer tank comprises two paths of outlets, the first path of outlet is connected with a gas collecting pipe, and a gas collecting valve, an active carbon adsorption tank and a gas storage tank are sequentially arranged on the gas collecting pipe; the second outlet is connected with a return pipe, and the bottom end of the return pipe extends into the anaerobic reaction part and is connected with an aeration pipe; a return fan is arranged on the return pipe; the gas storage tank is provided with a pressure gauge and a gas supply pipeline, and the gas supply pipeline is provided with a gas supply valve.
As a preferred embodiment of the present invention: the left side of the liquid discharge pipe is connected with a screen cover; and a liquid discharge valve is arranged on the liquid discharge pipe.
As a preferred embodiment of the present invention: a heating element is arranged in the annular heater, a temperature sensor is arranged on the precipitation partition plate, and the temperature sensor is electrically connected with the heating element; the deposition clapboard is evenly provided with hollow meshes.
As a preferred embodiment of the present invention: the anaerobic reaction tank is buried underground.
As a preferred embodiment of the present invention: the device also comprises a filler frame arranged on the precipitation clapboard and a filler arranged on the filler frame, wherein the filler comprises an iron-based filler layer and a wood-based filler layer, and the iron-based filler layer is positioned above the wood-based filler layer; wherein the iron-based filler layer comprises a plurality of iron-based material; the wood filler layer comprises a plurality of wood materials, and the length direction of each wood material is vertical to the water flow direction.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model has the following advantage:
the utility model discloses an anaerobic device for waste treatment, which comprises an anaerobic reaction tank, wherein the anaerobic reaction tank is divided into a left liquid inlet channel and a right anaerobic reaction part by a clapboard; the liquid inlet channel is communicated with the bottom of the anaerobic reaction part through a flow channel; one side of the liquid inlet channel is provided with a liquid inlet pipe; the anaerobic reaction part is sequentially provided with an aeration pipe, a sedimentation partition plate, an annular heater, a spoiler and a lifting cover from bottom to top; the anaerobic reaction tank is of a cuboid structure, and a cover plate is arranged at the top of the anaerobic reaction tank; therefore, the liquid inlet channel is filled in the whole liquid inlet process, so that liquid inlet can be more continuous under a relatively closed environment without opening the top cover body; the anaerobic reaction part carries out anaerobic reaction, and precipitates are isolated by the precipitation partition plate, so that the device is convenient to clean and easy to separate; the heater raises the anaerobic reaction temperature; the spoiler can enable the airflow of the aeration pipe to be turbulent, so that the internal anaerobic reaction is more uniform; the utility model controls the size of the space above the liquid level through the lifting of the lifting cover, and ensures a reliable anaerobic reaction environment.
The exhaust pipe of the utility model can reflux a part of gas through the exhaust buffer tank, and the gas is discharged from the aeration pipe after being pressurized by the reflux fan to carry out repeated anaerobic reaction, thereby improving the effect; the other part of gas is finally stored in the gas storage tank through the gas collecting pipe and can be supplied by the gas supply pipeline in a contraposition mode. Reasonable and perfect structure and is suitable for large-scale popularization.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an embodiment of the present invention.
Description of reference numerals:
1-liquid inlet pipe, 2-anaerobic reaction tank, 3-clapboard, 4-lifting cover, 5-driving gear, 6-lifting rack, 7-supporting pulley, 8-rack limiting plate, 9-exhaust pipe, 10-exhaust buffer tank, 11-return pipe, 12-gas collecting valve, 13-activated carbon adsorption tank, 14-gas collecting pipe, 15-pressure gauge, 16-gas storage tank, 17-gas supply pipe, 18-gas supply valve, 19-gas collecting tank, 20-liquid discharge pipe, 21-spoiler, 22-ring heater, 23-return fan, 24-bottom settling zone, 25-temperature sensor, 26-aeration pipe, 27-heating element, 28-sealing ring and 29-liquid inlet channel.
Detailed Description
The present invention is described in detail with reference to the embodiments shown in the drawings, but it should be understood that these embodiments are not intended to limit the present invention, and those skilled in the art should understand that the functions, methods, or structural equivalents or substitutions made by these embodiments are within the scope of the present invention.
As shown in fig. 1, which illustrates a specific embodiment of the present invention; as shown in the figures, the anaerobic device for waste treatment disclosed by the utility model comprises an anaerobic reaction tank 2, wherein the anaerobic reaction tank 2 is divided into a left liquid inlet channel 29 and a right anaerobic reaction part by a partition plate 3; the liquid inlet channel 29 is communicated with the bottom of the anaerobic reaction part through a flow channel; one side of the liquid inlet channel is provided with a liquid inlet pipe 1; the anaerobic reaction part is sequentially provided with an aeration pipe 26, a sedimentation partition plate, an annular heater 22, a spoiler 21 and a lifting cover 4 from bottom to top; the anaerobic reaction tank is of a cuboid structure, and a cover plate is arranged at the top of the anaerobic reaction tank;
a lifting rack 6 penetrating through the cover plate is arranged in the middle of the cover plate, the lifting rack 6 is meshed with a driving gear 5 driven by a speed reducing motor on the cover plate, the speed reducing motor is fixed on the cover plate through bolts, a rack limiting plate 8 is fixed on the cover plate on the other side of the lifting rack, a supporting pulley 7 in close contact with one side of the plane of the lifting rack is fixed in the side wall of the rack limiting plate 8 close to one side of the lifting rack 6, the lower end of the lifting rack is vertically and fixedly connected with a lifting cover 4 below the cover plate and in the anaerobic reaction part, and the side wall of the lifting cover is tightly attached to the side wall; a sealing ring 28 which is tightly contacted with the inner side wall of the anaerobic reaction part is embedded in the side wall of the lifting cover;
a liquid discharge pipe 20 is arranged on the side wall of the anaerobic reaction part, which is far away from one side of the liquid inlet channel 29 and is positioned below the lifting cover;
the lower surface of the lifting cover is provided with a conical gas collecting groove 19, the tip of the gas collecting groove is communicated with the lower end of the exhaust pipe 9, and the top of the exhaust pipe extends to the upper part of the cover plate and is connected with the exhaust buffer tank 10; the exhaust buffer tank comprises two paths of outlets, the first path of outlet is connected with a gas collecting pipe 14, and a gas collecting valve 12, an active carbon adsorption tank 13 and a gas storage tank 16 are sequentially arranged on the gas collecting pipe; the second outlet is connected with a return pipe 11, and the bottom end of the return pipe 11 extends into the anaerobic reaction part and is connected with an aeration pipe 26; the return pipe is provided with a return fan 23; the gas storage tank is provided with a pressure gauge 15 and a gas supply pipeline 17, and the gas supply pipeline is provided with a gas supply valve 18.
Preferably, as shown in the figure: the left side of the liquid discharge pipe 20 is connected with a screen cover; and a liquid discharge valve is arranged on the liquid discharge pipe. The screen cover is favorable for filtering sundries, so that the liquid discharged by the liquid discharge pipe is more pure.
Preferably, as shown in the figure: a heating element 27 is arranged in the annular heater, a temperature sensor 25 is arranged on the precipitation partition plate, and the temperature sensor is electrically connected with the heating element; the deposition clapboard is evenly provided with hollow meshes. The heating structure can make the anaerobic reaction reach a proper temperature, which is beneficial to realizing the best reaction effect.
Preferably, as shown in the figure: the anaerobic reaction tank is buried underground. The device is buried underground to reduce the occupied space and reduce the odor emission.
Preferably, as shown in the figure: the device also comprises a filler frame arranged on the precipitation clapboard and a filler arranged on the filler frame, wherein the filler comprises an iron-based filler layer and a wood-based filler layer, and the iron-based filler layer is positioned above the wood-based filler layer; wherein the iron-based filler layer comprises a plurality of iron-based material; the wood filler layer comprises a plurality of wood materials, and the length direction of each wood material is vertical to the water flow direction. Because the wood filler layer is arranged on the lower layer, the iron filler layer is arranged on the upper layer, and sewage flows upwards to immerse the iron filler layer after immersing the wood filler layer. Therefore, microorganisms which like wood materials in the sewage are attached to the wood filler layer, large granular substances in the sewage are removed firstly under the decomposition action of the microorganisms, the resistance of upward flow of water flow is reduced, and the smooth water flow is ensured; meanwhile, the iron packing layer is prevented from being polluted when large-particle pollutants in the sewage are upwards soaked, and a foundation is laid for the stability of the whole sewage treatment system. Particularly, when the length direction of each wood material of the wood filler layer is vertical to the water flow direction, the resistance of sewage flowing upwards through the filler filtering layer is smaller. Meanwhile, when the sewage passes through the iron-based packing layer, microorganisms which like the iron-based material are attached to the iron-based packing layer, and partial pollutants in the sewage are adsorbed and decomposed in the iron-based packing layer, so that the sewage is further purified, and the purification effect is improved.
The above list of details is only for the practical implementation of the present invention, and they are not intended to limit the scope of the present invention, and all equivalent implementations or modifications that do not depart from the technical spirit of the present invention should be included in the scope of the present invention.
Furthermore, it should be understood that although the present description refers to embodiments, not every embodiment may contain only a single embodiment, and such description is for clarity only, and those skilled in the art should integrate the description, and the embodiments may be combined as appropriate to form other embodiments understood by those skilled in the art.

Claims (5)

1. Anaerobic device for waste treatment, characterized in that: the anaerobic reaction tank is divided into a liquid inlet channel on the left side and an anaerobic reaction part on the right side by a partition plate; the liquid inlet channel is communicated with the bottom of the anaerobic reaction part through a flow channel; one side of the liquid inlet channel is provided with a liquid inlet pipe; the anaerobic reaction part is sequentially provided with an aeration pipe, a sedimentation partition plate, an annular heater, a spoiler and a lifting cover from bottom to top; the anaerobic reaction tank is of a cuboid structure, and a cover plate is arranged at the top of the anaerobic reaction tank;
the middle part of the cover plate is provided with a lifting rack penetrating through the cover plate, the lifting rack is meshed with a driving gear driven by a speed reduction motor on the cover plate, the speed reduction motor is fixed on the cover plate through bolts, a rack limiting plate is fixed on the cover plate on the other side of the lifting rack, a supporting pulley which is tightly contacted with one side of the plane of the lifting rack is fixed in the side wall of the rack limiting plate close to one side of the lifting rack, the lower end of the lifting rack is vertically and fixedly connected with a lifting cover which is arranged below the cover plate and in the anaerobic reaction part, and the side wall of the lifting cover is tightly attached; a sealing ring which is tightly contacted with the inner side wall of the anaerobic reaction part is embedded in the side wall of the lifting cover;
a liquid discharge pipe is arranged on the side wall of the anaerobic reaction part, which is far away from one side of the liquid inlet channel, and is positioned below the lifting cover;
the lower surface of the lifting cover is provided with a conical gas collecting groove, the tip of the gas collecting groove is communicated with the lower end of the exhaust pipe, and the top of the exhaust pipe extends to the upper part of the cover plate and is connected with the exhaust buffer tank; the exhaust buffer tank comprises two paths of outlets, the first path of outlet is connected with a gas collecting pipe, and a gas collecting valve, an active carbon adsorption tank and a gas storage tank are sequentially arranged on the gas collecting pipe; the second outlet is connected with a return pipe, and the bottom end of the return pipe extends into the anaerobic reaction part and is connected with an aeration pipe; a return fan is arranged on the return pipe; the gas storage tank is provided with a pressure gauge and a gas supply pipeline, and the gas supply pipeline is provided with a gas supply valve.
2. The anaerobic waste treatment device of claim 1, wherein: the left side of the liquid discharge pipe is connected with a screen cover; and a liquid discharge valve is arranged on the liquid discharge pipe.
3. The anaerobic waste treatment device of claim 1, wherein: a heating element is arranged in the annular heater, a temperature sensor is arranged on the precipitation partition plate, and the temperature sensor is electrically connected with the heating element; the deposition clapboard is evenly provided with hollow meshes.
4. The anaerobic waste treatment device of claim 1, wherein: the anaerobic reaction tank is buried underground.
5. The anaerobic waste treatment device of claim 1, wherein: the device also comprises a filler frame arranged on the precipitation clapboard and a filler arranged on the filler frame, wherein the filler comprises an iron-based filler layer and a wood-based filler layer, and the iron-based filler layer is positioned above the wood-based filler layer; wherein the iron-based filler layer comprises a plurality of iron-based material; the wood filler layer comprises a plurality of wood materials, and the length direction of each wood material is vertical to the water flow direction.
CN201920648578.6U 2019-05-07 2019-05-07 Anaerobic device for waste treatment Active CN210215074U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920648578.6U CN210215074U (en) 2019-05-07 2019-05-07 Anaerobic device for waste treatment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920648578.6U CN210215074U (en) 2019-05-07 2019-05-07 Anaerobic device for waste treatment

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN210215074U true CN210215074U (en) 2020-03-31

Family

ID=69925185

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201920648578.6U Active CN210215074U (en) 2019-05-07 2019-05-07 Anaerobic device for waste treatment

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN210215074U (en)

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Address after: 713201 Shaanxi resource recycling industrial park, West Zhang Bao Town, Liquan County, Xianyang, Shaanxi

Patentee after: Shaanxi Shuifa environment Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 713201 Shaanxi Resources Renewal Industrial Park, Xizhangbao Town, Liquan County, Xianyang City, Shaanxi Province

Patentee before: SHAANXI ZHONGHUANXIN ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION TECHNOLOGY Co.,Ltd.