CN210211414U - Double-station hot riveting equipment - Google Patents

Double-station hot riveting equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210211414U
CN210211414U CN201920485701.7U CN201920485701U CN210211414U CN 210211414 U CN210211414 U CN 210211414U CN 201920485701 U CN201920485701 U CN 201920485701U CN 210211414 U CN210211414 U CN 210211414U
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hot riveting
fixed
driving
station
hot
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CN201920485701.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
Kecheng Xia
夏科承
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NINGBO HUAXIANG TRIM AUTOMOTIVE ORNAMENT Co Ltd
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NINGBO HUAXIANG TRIM AUTOMOTIVE ORNAMENT Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a double-station hot riveting device, which solves the problem that the hot riveting workpiece of the existing hot riveting device is easy to generate transverse position offset in the processing process, and the technical scheme is characterized in that a first hot riveting mechanism, a second hot riveting mechanism, a first hot riveting station, a second hot riveting station and a transverse driving mechanism are arranged on a frame; the first hot riveting station is also provided with a first transverse pressing mechanism to limit the transverse position of the first hot riveting workpiece; still be provided with the horizontal position of the horizontal hold-down mechanism of second in order to inject the second rivet hot work piece on the second rivet hot station, the utility model discloses a duplex position rivet hot equipment, first horizontal hold-down mechanism and the horizontal hold-down mechanism of second can inject the horizontal position of first rivet hot work piece and second rivet hot work piece on first rivet hot station and the second rivet hot station respectively, avoid first rivet hot work piece and second rivet hot work piece to take place the horizontal position skew in the course of working.

Description

Double-station hot riveting equipment
Technical Field
The utility model relates to an automobile spare and accessory part processing field, in particular to duplex position hot riveting equipment.
Background
Hot riveting is a joining process in which the end of a hot-melt rivet is deformed by heat to fix two objects together, and is widely used in joining automobile decorative parts. The utility model with the publication number of CN207373726U discloses hot riveting equipment for automobile decoration accessories, which comprises a hot riveting mechanism and a pressing mechanism, wherein the hot riveting component comprises a heating die and a pressing component, and the heating die is arranged at a pressing movable end of the pressing component; the pressing mechanism comprises a pressing plate, a telescopic elastic piece and an electromagnetic suction device; the pressing plate is horizontally arranged on the objective table, and an avoidance through hole corresponding to the hot riveting column is arranged on the pressing plate; the elastic expansion piece is vertically arranged, one end of the elastic expansion piece is connected to the pressing plate, the other end of the elastic expansion piece is connected to the objective table, and the area between the lower surface of the pressing plate and the objective table is used for placing a workpiece to be hot-riveted; the electromagnetic attraction device comprises an electromagnetic coil, a core rod and an iron block, wherein the electromagnetic coil is wound on the periphery of the core rod, and the core rod and the iron block are correspondingly arranged on the edge of the pressing plate and the objective table.
Above-mentioned hot riveting equipment is in the hot riveting course of working, need will heat the mould through pushing down the subassembly and support the up end of pressing to waiting to rivet hot work piece, and at this in-process, the horizontal position skew takes place for the work piece easily, influences subsequent machining precision, consequently still has certain improvement space.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims at providing a duplex position rivet hot equipment can effectively avoid treating that the rivet hot work piece takes place the lateral position skew in the course of working to promote the machining precision of work piece.
The above technical purpose of the present invention can be achieved by the following technical solutions:
double-station hot riveting equipment comprises a rack, wherein the rack is provided with
The first hot riveting mechanism is right opposite to the manual operation position;
the second hot riveting mechanism is positioned on one side of the first hot riveting mechanism, which is far away from the manual operation position;
the first hot riveting station is positioned right below the first hot riveting mechanism and used for placing a first hot riveting workpiece;
the second hot riveting station is positioned below the first hot riveting mechanism and the second hot riveting mechanism to place a second hot riveting workpiece and is positioned above the first hot riveting station;
the transverse driving mechanism is connected to the second hot riveting station to drive the second hot riveting station to transversely translate to a position right below the first hot riveting mechanism or the second hot riveting mechanism;
the first hot riveting station comprises a first operating platform fixed on the rack and a first lining die fixed on the upper side surface of the first operating platform and used for placing a first hot riveting workpiece; the second hot riveting station comprises a second operating platform fixed on the rack and a second lining die fixed on the upper side surface of the second operating platform and used for placing a second hot riveting workpiece;
the first hot riveting station is also provided with a first transverse pressing mechanism to limit the transverse position of the first hot riveting workpiece; the second hot riveting station is also provided with a second transverse pressing mechanism to limit the transverse position of the second hot riveting workpiece; the first transverse pressing mechanism comprises a first limiting block arranged on one side of the first lining die and a driving part fixed on the upper side surface of the first operating platform so as to drive the first limiting block to transversely press or keep away from the side edge of the first hot riveting workpiece; the second transverse pressing mechanism comprises a second limiting block which is arranged on one side of the second lining die and used for abutting against the side edge of the second hot riveting workpiece.
Preferably, the rack is further provided with a first longitudinal pressing mechanism and a second longitudinal pressing mechanism, and the first longitudinal pressing mechanism is located between the first hot riveting mechanism and the first hot riveting station to limit the longitudinal position of the first hot riveting workpiece; the second longitudinal pressing mechanism is positioned between the second hot riveting mechanism and the second hot riveting station to limit the longitudinal position of the second hot riveting workpiece.
Preferably, the first hot riveting mechanism comprises a first lifting platform positioned above the first hot riveting station, a first lifting driving assembly fixed on the frame to drive the first lifting platform to perform longitudinal reciprocating linear motion, a first lower pressing plate fixed on the lower side surface of the first lifting platform, and a plurality of first hot riveting columns fixed on the lower plate surface of the first lower pressing plate;
the second hot riveting mechanism comprises a second lifting platform, a second lifting driving assembly, a second lower pressing plate and a plurality of second hot riveting columns, wherein the second lifting platform is located above the second hot riveting station, the second lifting driving assembly is fixed on the rack and drives the second lifting platform to perform longitudinal reciprocating linear motion, the second lower pressing plate is fixed on the lower side surface of the second lifting platform, and the second hot riveting columns are fixed on the lower plate surface of the second lower pressing plate.
Preferably, the first lifting driving assembly comprises first driving plates which are positioned at two ends of the first lifting platform and extend upwards, a first driving shaft which simultaneously rotates to penetrate through the two first driving plates, a first driving gear which is fixed at the end part of the first driving shaft, a first rack which is vertically fixed on the rack and meshed with the first driving gear, and a first power source which is fixed on the upper side surface of the first lifting platform and drives the first driving shaft to rotate in the circumferential direction;
the second lifting driving assembly comprises second driving plates, a second driving shaft, a second driving gear, a second rack and a second power source, the second driving plates are located at two ends of the second lifting platform and extend upwards, the second driving shaft penetrates through the two second driving plates in a rotating mode, the second driving gear is fixed at the end portion of the second driving shaft, the second rack is vertically fixed on the rack and meshed with the second driving gear, and the second power source is fixed on the upper side face of the second lifting platform to drive the second driving shaft to rotate in the circumferential direction.
Preferably, two opposite plate surfaces of the two first driving plates are respectively fixed with a first guide slider, a first guide rod corresponding to the first guide slider is vertically fixed on the rack, and a first guide groove for the sliding clamping of the first guide rod is vertically formed in the side surface of the first guide slider;
two opposite surfaces of the two second driving plates are respectively fixed with a second guide sliding block, a second guide rod corresponding to the second guide sliding block is vertically fixed on the rack, and a second guide groove for sliding and clamping the second guide rod is vertically formed in the side surface of the second guide sliding block.
Preferably, the transverse driving mechanism comprises guide seats which are fixed on the frame and are respectively positioned at two sides of the second operating platform, guide rods are transversely fixed on two opposite side surfaces of the two guide seats, guide blocks are fixed on the lower platform surface of the second operating platform and at two side positions of the lower platform surface of the second operating platform, and guide chutes for the guide rods to slide and be clamped are formed in the guide blocks; the guide block is fixed with a driving block, and the guide seat is fixed with a belt wheel conduction device which is connected with the driving block to drive the driving block to slide along the guide rod.
Preferably, the first longitudinal pressing mechanism comprises a first pressing plate positioned between the first hot riveting workpiece and the first lower pressing plate, and a plurality of first avoidance through holes for the first hot riveting columns to penetrate through are formed in the plate surface of the first pressing plate; a plurality of first abutting-pressing rods for longitudinally abutting against the first hot riveting workpiece are fixed on the lower plate surface of the first pressing plate; the rack is also fixedly provided with a first power device which is connected with the first pressing plate to drive the first pressing plate to do longitudinal reciprocating linear motion;
the second longitudinal pressing mechanism comprises a second pressing plate positioned between the second hot riveting workpiece and the second lower pressing plate, and the surface of the second pressing plate is provided with a plurality of second avoiding through holes for the second hot riveting columns to penetrate through; a plurality of second abutting-pressing rods for longitudinally abutting against a second hot riveting workpiece are fixed on the lower plate surface of the second pressing plate; and a second power device which is connected with the second pressing plate to drive the second pressing plate to do longitudinal reciprocating linear motion is also fixed on the frame.
To sum up, the utility model discloses following beneficial effect has:
1. the first transverse pressing mechanism and the second transverse pressing mechanism can respectively limit the transverse positions of the first hot riveting workpiece and the second hot riveting workpiece on the first hot riveting station and the second hot riveting station, so that the transverse position offset of the first hot riveting workpiece and the second hot riveting workpiece in the machining process is avoided;
2. the driving part can drive the first limiting block to be transversely far away from or press the side edge of the first hot riveting workpiece so as to unlock or lock the transverse position of the first hot riveting workpiece, so that the convenience of taking and placing the workpiece can be improved, and the transverse position of the workpiece can be effectively limited; the second limiting block is adopted to directly limit the transverse position of the second hot riveting workpiece, so that the structure is simpler, and the method is suitable for workpieces with lower requirements on machining precision; therefore, the workers can place workpieces to be hot-riveted with different machining precision requirements on the first hot-riveting station or the second hot-riveting station according to actual requirements, so that the operation is more flexible and changeable;
3. the second hot riveting station can be driven by the transverse driving mechanism to horizontally move between the lower parts of the first hot riveting mechanism and the second hot riveting mechanism; when the hot riveting device works, a worker is positioned at a manual operation position, namely the front side of the first hot riveting mechanism, the first hot riveting mechanism rises, the second hot riveting station advances to the position below the first hot riveting mechanism, the worker places a second hot riveting workpiece on the second hot riveting station, the second hot riveting station retreats to the position below the second hot riveting mechanism, and then the second hot riveting mechanism descends to perform hot riveting on the second hot riveting workpiece on the second hot riveting station; meanwhile, a worker places a first hot riveting workpiece on the first hot riveting station to save waiting time for processing a second hot riveting workpiece, and then the first hot riveting mechanism descends to operate to perform hot riveting processing on the first hot riveting workpiece on the first hot riveting station; after the first hot riveting mechanism and the second hot riveting mechanism finish hot riveting processing, the first hot riveting mechanism and the second hot riveting mechanism ascend simultaneously; then the second hot riveting station carries the processed second hot riveting workpiece to move forward to the position below the first hot riveting mechanism, so that a worker can conveniently take the workpiece and replace the new workpiece to be hot riveted, after the second hot riveting station is added, the second hot riveting station moves back to the position below the second hot riveting mechanism again, and then the second hot riveting mechanism descends again to operate so as to perform hot riveting on the new second hot riveting workpiece on the second hot riveting station; meanwhile, a worker takes a first hot riveting workpiece which is processed on the first hot riveting station, places a new hot riveting workpiece, and then descends the first hot riveting mechanism again to perform hot riveting processing on the first hot riveting workpiece which is newly added on the first hot riveting station; until the first hot riveting mechanism and the second hot riveting mechanism finish hot riveting processing, the first hot riveting mechanism and the second hot riveting mechanism ascend, and then the executing steps are repeated; when the equipment enters a circulating operation state, a worker can pick and place the workpiece on the first hot riveting station while the second hot riveting mechanism processes the second hot riveting workpiece, so that the waiting time for hot riveting processing is shortened, and the working efficiency is improved; meanwhile, all operations of the whole equipment can be completed by only one worker, and the worker does not need to leave the manual operation position, so that the labor cost and the labor loss are reduced.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic external structural diagram of the first embodiment;
FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of an internal structure of the first embodiment;
FIG. 3 is a schematic block diagram of the first embodiment;
fig. 4 is a schematic structural view of a first hot riveting mechanism in the second embodiment;
fig. 5 is a schematic structural view of a second hot riveting mechanism in the second embodiment;
fig. 6 is a schematic structural view of a first hot riveting station in the second embodiment;
fig. 7 is a first schematic structural view of a second hot riveting station in the second embodiment;
fig. 8 is a structural schematic view of a second hot riveting station in the third embodiment;
FIG. 9 is an enlarged view of portion A of FIG. 8;
FIG. 10 is a schematic structural diagram of a lateral driving mechanism in the third embodiment;
fig. 11 is an enlarged schematic view of the portion B shown in fig. 6.
In the figure: 1. a frame; 2. a first hot riveting mechanism; 3. a manual operation position; 4. a second hot riveting mechanism; 5. a first hot riveting station; 6. a second hot riveting station; 7. a lateral drive mechanism; 8. a first longitudinal hold down mechanism; 9. a second longitudinal hold down mechanism; 10. a first lateral hold-down mechanism; 11. a second lateral hold-down mechanism; 12. a first elevating platform; 13. a first lower platen; 14. a first hot riveting column; 15. a second lifting table; 16. a second lower platen; 17. a second hot riveting column; 18. a first drive plate; 19. a first drive shaft; 20. a first drive gear; 21. a first rack; 22. a first power source; 23. a second drive plate; 24. a second drive shaft; 25. a second drive gear; 26. a second rack; 27. a second power source; 28. a first guide slider; 29. a first guide bar; 30. a first guide groove; 31. a second guide slider; 32. a second guide bar; 33. a second guide groove; 34. a first operation table; 35. a first lining mold; 36. a second operation table; 37. a second lining mold; 38. a guide seat; 39. a guide bar; 40. a guide block; 41. a guide chute; 42. a drive block; 43. a pulley conducting device; 44. a first stopper; 45. a second limiting block; 46. a first compression plate; 47. a first avoidance through hole; 48. a first pressing rod; 49. a first power unit; 50. a second compression plate; 51. a second avoidance through hole; 52. a second pressing rod; 53. a second power unit; 54. a first bearing housing; 55. a second bearing housing; 56. a conveyor belt; 57. a drive motor; 58. a drive section.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
In a first embodiment, the double-station hot riveting apparatus disclosed in this embodiment, as shown in fig. 1, fig. 2, and fig. 3, includes a frame 1, where the frame 1 is provided with a first hot riveting mechanism 2, a second hot riveting mechanism 4, a first hot riveting station 5, a second hot riveting station 6, a transverse driving mechanism 7, and a controller for controlling the operation of the above mechanisms, and the controller is a chip with data processing capability, and includes but is not limited to a single chip microcomputer, a PLC, a CPU, an MCU, an ARM, and the like. More specifically, the first hot riveting mechanism 2 is aligned with a manual operation position 3, wherein the manual operation position 3 is a position where a worker operates. The second hot riveting mechanism 4 is positioned on one side of the first hot riveting mechanism 2 far away from the manual operation position 3. The first hot riveting station 5 is positioned right below the first hot riveting mechanism 2 to place a first hot riveting workpiece; the second hot riveting station 6 is positioned below the first hot riveting mechanism 2 and the second hot riveting mechanism 4 to place a second hot riveting workpiece, and is positioned above the first hot riveting station 5. The transverse driving mechanism 7 is connected to the second hot riveting station 6 to drive the second hot riveting station 6 to transversely translate to a position right below the first hot riveting mechanism 2 or the second hot riveting mechanism 4, wherein an interval for the second hot riveting station 6 to enter and exit is kept between the first hot riveting mechanism 2 and the first hot riveting station 5.
In the second embodiment, compared with the first embodiment, as shown in fig. 4, the difference of the second embodiment is that the first hot riveting mechanism 2 includes a first lifting platform 12 located above the first hot riveting station 5, a first lifting driving assembly fixed to the frame 1 for driving the first lifting platform 12 to perform a longitudinal reciprocating linear motion, a first lower pressing plate 13 fixed to a lower side surface of the first lifting platform 12, and a plurality of first hot riveting columns 14 fixed to a lower plate surface of the first lower pressing plate 13. Specifically, the first lifting platform 12 and the first lower pressing plate 13 horizontally span above the whole first hot riveting station 5; the first hot riveting columns 14 are vertically fixed on the plate surface of the first lower pressing plate 13 by screwing, the number and arrangement of the first hot riveting columns are determined according to the number and distribution of the hot-melt rivets on the first hot riveting workpiece, and the number, arrangement and position of the first hot riveting columns can be correspondingly increased, decreased and changed as required, which belongs to the common knowledge in the art and is not described herein again. In addition, an interval is maintained between the first lifting platform 12 and the first lower pressing plate 13, so as to provide an accommodating space for a connection line of the first hot riveting column 14, the relevant connection line is not shown in the figures, and belongs to the common general knowledge in the art, and details are not described herein. More specifically, the first lifting driving assembly comprises first driving plates 18 which are positioned at two ends of the first lifting platform 12 and extend upwards, a first driving shaft 19 which simultaneously rotates and passes through the two first driving plates 18, a first driving gear 20 fixed at the end part of the first driving shaft 19, a first rack 21 vertically fixed on the frame 1 and meshed with the first driving gear 20, and a first power source 22 fixed on the upper side surface of the first lifting platform 12 to drive the first driving shaft 19 to rotate circumferentially; wherein, the two first driving plates 18 are vertically fixed on the upper side surface of the first lifting platform 12 and are symmetrically arranged; two ends of the first driving shaft 19 respectively exceed two opposite plate surfaces of the two first driving plates 18, and a first bearing seat 54 is arranged at the joint of the first driving shaft 19 and the first driving plate 18, so that the axial position of the first driving shaft 19 on the first driving plate 18 can be limited, and the circumferential rotation of the first driving shaft 19 can be ensured; the first driving gears 20 are provided in two and respectively disposed at portions of the first driving shaft 19 beyond the first driving plate 18, and correspondingly, the first racks 21 are also provided in two and respectively disposed at both sides of the first elevation table 12 to be engaged with the two first driving gears 20. The first power source 22 is preferably a motor fixed to the upper side of the first elevation table 12, and may transmit output power on the motor shaft to the first driving shaft 19 through a gear assembly to achieve circumferential rotation of the first driving shaft 19. Therefore, the controller controls the first power source 22 to operate, so as to drive the first driving shaft 19 to perform circumferential rotation in a corresponding direction, so as to drive the first driving gear 20 to operate, so that the first driving gear 20 can perform longitudinal movement on the first rack 21, thereby implementing the lifting operation of the first lifting platform 12.
Correspondingly, as shown in fig. 5, the second hot riveting mechanism 4 includes a second lifting platform 15 located above the second hot riveting station 6, a second lifting driving assembly fixed to the frame 1 for driving the second lifting platform 15 to perform a longitudinal reciprocating linear motion, a second lower pressing plate 16 fixed to a lower side surface of the second lifting platform 15, and a plurality of second hot riveting columns 17 fixed to a lower plate surface of the second lower pressing plate 16. Specifically, the second lifting platform 15 and the second lower pressing plate 16 horizontally span above the whole second hot riveting station 6; the second hot riveting columns 17 are vertically fixed on the plate surface of the second lower pressing plate 16 by screwing, the number and arrangement mode of the second hot riveting columns are determined according to the number and distribution mode of the hot-melt rivets on the second hot riveting workpiece, and corresponding increase and decrease and position change can be performed according to needs, which belong to the common knowledge in the field and are not described herein again. In addition, an interval is maintained between the second lifting platform 15 and the second lower pressing plate 16, so as to provide a receiving space for a connection line of the second hot riveting column 17, the connection line is not shown in the figures, belongs to the common general knowledge in the art, and is not described herein again. More specifically, the second lifting driving assembly includes second driving plates 23 located at both ends of the second lifting platform 15 and extending upward, a second driving shaft 24 rotating through the two second driving plates 23 simultaneously, a second driving gear 25 fixed to an end of the second driving shaft 24, a second rack 26 vertically fixed to the frame 1 and engaged with the second driving gear 25, and a second power source 27 fixed to an upper side of the second lifting platform 15 to drive the second driving shaft 24 to rotate circumferentially; wherein, the two second driving plates 23 are vertically fixed on the upper side of the second lifting platform 15 and are symmetrically arranged; two ends of the second driving shaft 24 respectively exceed two opposite plate surfaces of the two second driving plates 23, and a second bearing seat 55 is arranged at the joint of the second driving shaft 24 and the second driving plate 23, so that the axial position of the second driving shaft 24 on the second driving plate 23 can be limited, and the circumferential rotation of the second driving shaft 24 can be ensured; the second driving gears 25 are provided in two and are respectively provided at portions of the second driving shaft 24 beyond the second driving plate 23, and correspondingly, the second racks 26 are also provided in two and are respectively located at both sides of the second elevating platform 15 to be engaged with the two second driving gears 25. The second power source 27 is preferably a motor, which is fixed to the upper side of the second elevating table 15, and can transmit the output power on the motor shaft to the second driving shaft 24 through a gear assembly to realize the circumferential rotation of the second driving shaft 24. Therefore, the controller controls the second power source 27 to operate, so as to drive the second driving shaft 24 to rotate circumferentially in a corresponding direction, so as to drive the second driving gear 25 to operate, so that the second driving gear 25 can move longitudinally on the second rack 26, thereby realizing the lifting operation of the second lifting platform 15.
Furthermore, as shown in fig. 4, two opposite plate surfaces of the two first driving plates 18 are fixed with first guide sliders 28, a first guide rod 29 corresponding to the first guide slider 28 is vertically fixed on the frame 1, and a first guide groove 30 for slidably clamping the first guide rod 29 is vertically formed in a side surface of the first guide slider 28; the cooperation between the first guide slider 28 and the first guide rod 29 can increase the stability and accuracy of the first lifting platform 12 in the lifting process; meanwhile, two sets of assemblies of the first guide sliders 28 and the first guide rods 29 on each first driving plate 18 are preferably arranged and located on two sides of the first rack 21, and two sets of assemblies of the first guide sliders 28 and the first guide rods 29 are preferably arranged on each first guide rod 29, so that the stability and the accuracy of the lifting of the first lifting platform 12 are further improved.
Correspondingly, as shown in fig. 5, two opposite plate surfaces of the two second driving plates 23 are respectively fixed with a second guide slider 31, a second guide rod 32 corresponding to the second guide slider 31 is vertically fixed on the frame 1, and a second guide groove 33 for slidably clamping the second guide rod 32 is vertically formed in a side surface of the second guide slider 31; the cooperation between the second guide slider 31 and the second guide rod 32 can increase the stability and accuracy of the second lifting platform 15 in the lifting process; meanwhile, two sets of assemblies of the second guide sliders 31 and the second guide rods 32 on each second driving plate 23 are preferably arranged and respectively located at two sides of the second rack 26, and two second guide sliders 31 on each second guide rod 32 are preferably arranged, so that the stability and the accuracy of the second lifting platform 15 during lifting are further improved.
Furthermore, as shown in fig. 6 and 7, the frame 1 is further provided with a first longitudinal pressing mechanism 8 and a second longitudinal pressing mechanism 9, and the first longitudinal pressing mechanism 8 is located between the first hot riveting mechanism 2 and the first hot riveting station 5 to define the longitudinal position of the first hot riveting workpiece; a second longitudinal pressing mechanism 9 is located between the second hot riveting mechanism 4 and the second hot riveting station 6 to define the longitudinal position of the second hot riveting workpiece. Specifically, the first longitudinal pressing mechanism 8 includes a first pressing plate 46 located between the first hot riveting workpiece and the first lower pressing plate 13, the first pressing plate 46 is transversely disposed, a plurality of first avoidance through holes 47 for the first hot riveting columns 14 to pass through are formed in the surface of the first pressing plate 46, and the specific number, size and arrangement mode of the first avoidance through holes 47 can be determined according to the actual number, cross section size and specific arrangement mode of the first hot riveting columns 14. A plurality of first pressing rods 48 for longitudinally pressing the first hot riveting workpiece are fixed on the lower plate surface of the first pressing plate 46, and the number and arrangement mode of the first pressing rods 48 can be adjusted according to the shape and size of the first hot riveting workpiece. The frame 1 is further fixed with a first power device 49 connected to the first pressing plate 46 to drive the first pressing plate 46 to perform a longitudinal reciprocating linear motion, the first power device 49 is provided with two first power devices 49 and located at two ends of the first pressing plate 46, and the first power device 49 is preferably an air cylinder, a push rod of the air cylinder is fixed on the lower plate surface of the first pressing plate 46, and the transmission direction of the push rod is arranged longitudinally.
Correspondingly, the second longitudinal pressing mechanism 9 comprises a second pressing plate 50 located between the second hot riveting workpiece and the second lower pressing plate 16, the second pressing plate 50 is transversely arranged, a plurality of second avoiding through holes 51 for the second hot riveting columns 17 to penetrate through are formed in the surface of the second pressing plate 50, and the specific number, size and arrangement mode of the second avoiding through holes 51 can be determined according to the actual number, cross section size and specific arrangement mode of the second hot riveting columns 17. A plurality of second abutting rods 52 for longitudinally abutting against the second hot riveting workpiece are fixed on the lower plate surface of the second pressing plate 50, and the number and the arrangement mode of the second abutting rods 52 can be adjusted according to the shape and the size of the second hot riveting workpiece. The frame 1 is further fixed with a second power device 53 connected to the second pressing plate 50 to drive the second pressing plate 50 to perform a longitudinal reciprocating linear motion, the second power device 53 is provided with two second power devices 53 respectively located at two ends of the second pressing plate 50, and the second power devices 53 are preferably cylinders, push rods of the cylinders are fixed on the lower plate surface of the second pressing plate 50, and the transmission direction of the cylinders is longitudinally arranged.
In this embodiment, as shown in fig. 6, the first hot riveting station 5 includes a first operating platform 34 fixed on the frame 1, and a first lining mold 35 fixed on an upper side surface of the first operating platform 34 for placing a first hot riveting workpiece, wherein an upper surface of the first lining mold 35 is shaped to adapt to an inner side wall of the first hot riveting workpiece, so as to increase stability when placing the first hot riveting workpiece and reduce positional deviation occurring in a hot riveting process of the workpiece; meanwhile, the two ends of the first lining mold 35 are fixed on the upper side surface of the first operating platform 34 through screws, so that the first lining mold 35 can be conveniently disassembled, assembled and replaced. Furthermore, a first transverse pressing mechanism 10 is arranged on the first hot riveting station 5 to limit the transverse position of the first hot riveting workpiece; as shown in fig. 11, the first lateral pressing mechanism 10 includes a first stopper 44 disposed at one side of the first lining mold 35 and a driving portion 58 fixed to the upper side of the first operating platform 34 for driving the first stopper 44 to laterally press or separate from the side edge of the first hot riveting workpiece; wherein, the first limit block 44 keeps a distance with the upper side of the first operating platform 34, so that the first limit block 44 can transversely translate; the driving portion 58 is preferably a cylinder, and a push rod of the cylinder is disposed toward the first lining mold 35 and fixed to a rear end of the first stopper 44; meanwhile, the cylinder can adjust the height of the cylinder on the first operating platform 34 through the cushion block to ensure that the first limit block 44 is aligned with the side edge of the first hot riveting workpiece, which belongs to the common general knowledge in the art and is not described herein again.
Furthermore, a plurality of first limiting blocks 44 are arranged, and the first limiting blocks 44 are sequentially arranged along the side edge of the first lining mold 35; the driving part 58 is also provided with a plurality of first limiting blocks 44 which are correspondingly connected with the first limiting blocks one by one; when the first transverse pressing mechanism 10 is used for limiting the transverse position of the first hot riveting workpiece, the plurality of driving parts 58 control the corresponding first limiting blocks 44 to abut against and press the side edges of the first hot riveting workpiece one by one along the side edges of the first lining mold 35, so that warping deformation of the workpiece after being pressed is eliminated, and the machining precision is improved.
Correspondingly, as shown in fig. 7, the second hot riveting station 6 includes a second operation table 36 fixed on the frame 1, and a second lining mold 37 fixed on the upper side surface of the second operation table 36 for placing the second hot riveting workpiece, and the upper surface shape of the second lining mold 37 is adapted to the inner side wall of the second hot riveting workpiece, so as to increase the stability when placing the second hot riveting workpiece and reduce the position deviation of the workpiece during hot riveting; meanwhile, two ends of the second lining mold 37 are fixed on the upper side surface of the second operating platform 36 by screws, so that the second lining mold 37 can be conveniently disassembled, assembled and replaced. Furthermore, a second transverse pressing mechanism 11 is arranged on the second hot riveting station 6 to limit the transverse position of the second hot riveting workpiece; the second transverse pressing mechanism 11 includes a second limiting block 45 disposed on one side of the second lining mold 37 for abutting against a side edge of the second hot riveting workpiece, the second limiting block 45 is fixed on an upper side surface of the second operating platform 36, and an inner side surface of the second limiting block 45 is higher than the side edge of the second lining mold 37 for effectively abutting against and limiting a transverse position of the second hot riveting workpiece.
In the third embodiment, compared with the second embodiment, the difference of the present embodiment is that, as shown in fig. 8, 9 and 10, the lateral driving mechanism 7 includes guide bases 38 fixed to the frame 1 and respectively located on both sides of the second operating platform 36, and the two guide bases 38 are arranged along the translation direction of the second operating platform 36. Guide rods 39 are transversely fixed on two opposite side surfaces of the two guide seats 38, guide blocks 40 are fixed on the lower table surface of the second operating table 36 at two sides of the lower table surface, and guide chutes 41 for the guide rods 39 to slide and be clamped are formed in the guide blocks 40; the driving block 42 is fixed on the guide block 40, the belt wheel conduction device 43 connected to the driving block 42 to drive the driving block 42 to slide along the guide rod 39 is fixed on the guide base 38, the belt wheel conduction device 43 includes a conveying belt 56 and a driving motor 57, the conveying belt 56 is sleeved on the guide base 38 and is arranged along the length direction of the guide rod 39, the driving block 42 is fixed on the side surface of the conveying belt 56, and the driving motor 57 is connected to the conveying belt 56 to drive the conveying belt 56 to run, so as to drive the driving block 42 to move forward or backward, so as to drive the second operating platform 36 to switch positions between the first hot riveting mechanism 2 and the second hot riveting mechanism 4.
The specific working process of the double-station hot riveting device in the embodiment is described below with reference to the accompanying drawings:
when the equipment is operated, a worker is positioned on the manual operation position 3, namely the front side of the first hot riveting mechanism 2. The following steps are performed:
firstly, the first hot riveting mechanism 2 ascends, namely the first lifting driving assembly drives the first lifting table 12 to ascend so as to enable the first hot riveting column 14 to be upwards away from the first hot riveting station 5, and then the first power device 49 controls the first pressing plate 46 to ascend so as to enable the first pressing rod 48 to ascend and reserve an avoiding space for the second hot riveting station 6; then the belt wheel transmission device 43 moves forward to drive the driving block 42 to move forward, so as to drive the second hot riveting station 6 to move forward to the lower part of the first hot riveting mechanism 2, namely the front side of the manual operation station 3;
secondly, placing a second hot riveting workpiece on a second lining die 37 of a second hot riveting station 6 by a worker, and performing transverse limiting on the second hot riveting workpiece through a second transverse pressing mechanism 11;
step three, the belt wheel conduction device 43 reversely runs to drive the driving block 42 to retreat, so that the second hot riveting station 6 is driven to retreat to the lower part of the second hot riveting mechanism 4;
fourthly, the second power device 53 controls the second pressing plate 50 to descend so that the second pressing rod 52 presses against the upper surface of the second hot riveting workpiece, and therefore the longitudinal position of the second hot riveting workpiece is limited; then the second hot riveting mechanism 4 descends, that is, the second lifting driving assembly drives the second lifting table 15 to descend, so that the second hot riveting column 17 penetrates through a second avoiding through hole 51 on the second pressing plate 50 to be pressed against a hot-melt rivet corresponding to the second hot riveting workpiece, and hot riveting processing of the second hot riveting workpiece is realized by heating and pressurizing; meanwhile, a worker places a first hot riveting workpiece on the first lining mold 35 of the first hot riveting station 5, so as to save waiting time for processing a second hot riveting workpiece;
step five, the first power device 49 controls the first pressing plate 46 to descend so that the first pressing rod 48 presses against the upper surface of the first hot riveting workpiece, and therefore the longitudinal position of the first hot riveting workpiece is limited; simultaneously, the first transverse pressing mechanism 10 presses the side edge of the first hot riveting workpiece to limit the transverse position of the first hot riveting workpiece; then the first hot riveting mechanism 2 descends, that is, the first lifting driving assembly drives the first lifting table 12 to descend, so that the first hot riveting column 14 passes through the first avoiding through hole 47 on the first pressing plate 46 and is pressed against the hot-melt rivet corresponding to the first hot riveting workpiece, and the hot riveting processing of the first hot riveting workpiece is realized by heating and pressurizing;
step six, after the first hot riveting mechanism 2 and the second hot riveting mechanism 4 finish hot riveting processing, the controller controls the first hot riveting column 14 and the second hot riveting column 17 to stop running; then the first lifting driving assembly and the second lifting driving assembly respectively drive the first lifting table 12 and the second lifting table 15 to ascend so as to drive the first hot riveting column 14 and the second hot riveting column 17 to be far away from the corresponding first hot riveting workpiece and second hot riveting workpiece; then the first power device 49 and the second power device 53 respectively control the first pressing plate 46 and the second pressing plate 50 to ascend, so that the first pressing rod 48 and the second pressing rod 52 are respectively far away from the corresponding first hot riveting workpiece and second hot riveting workpiece, and the longitudinal limitation of the first pressing rod and the second pressing rod is removed; finally, the driving part 58 drives the first limiting block 44 to release the side edge of the first hot riveting workpiece so as to release the transverse position locking of the first hot riveting workpiece;
step seven, the controller controls the belt wheel conduction device 43 to operate forwards again to drive the driving block 42 to advance, so that the second hot riveting station 6 is driven to advance below the first hot riveting mechanism 2 again, and the processed second hot riveting workpiece moves to the front side of the manual operation station 3;
step eight, taking down the second hot riveting workpiece on the second hot riveting station 6 by a worker, and then placing a new workpiece to be hot riveted on the second lining die 37;
step nine, after the workpieces are added, the second transverse pressing mechanism 11 limits the transverse position of the second hot riveting workpiece again, and then the belt wheel conduction device 43 reversely runs again to drive the driving block 42 to retreat, so that the second hot riveting station 6 is driven to retreat below the second hot riveting mechanism 4 again;
step ten, the second power device 53 controls the second pressing plate 50 to descend again, so that the second pressing rod 52 presses against the upper surface of the new second hot riveting workpiece, thereby limiting the longitudinal position of the second hot riveting workpiece; then, the second hot riveting mechanism 4 descends again, that is, the second lifting driving assembly drives the second lifting table 15 to descend, so that the second hot riveting column 17 penetrates through a second avoidance through hole 51 on the second pressing plate 50 and is pressed against a hot-melt rivet corresponding to the second hot riveting workpiece, and hot riveting processing of the second hot riveting workpiece is realized by heating and pressurizing; meanwhile, the worker takes out the first hot riveting workpiece which is processed on the first hot riveting station 5 and places a new hot riveting workpiece, so that the waiting time for processing the new second hot riveting workpiece is saved;
eleventh, the first power device 49 controls the first pressing plate 46 to descend so that the first pressing rod 48 presses against the upper surface of the newly added first hot riveting workpiece, thereby defining the longitudinal position of the first hot riveting workpiece; simultaneously, the first transverse pressing mechanism 10 presses the side edge of the first hot riveting workpiece to limit the transverse position of the first hot riveting workpiece; then, the first hot riveting mechanism 2 descends again, that is, the first lifting driving assembly drives the first lifting table 12 to descend, so that the first hot riveting column 14 passes through the first avoiding through hole 47 on the first pressing plate 46 and is pressed against the hot-melt rivet corresponding to the first hot riveting workpiece, and the first hot riveting workpiece newly added on the first hot riveting station 5 is subjected to hot riveting processing by heating and pressurizing;
step twelve, repeating the step six to step eleven.
The above steps can be realized by a built-in control program or an equivalent control circuit of a controller (such as a PLC, a single chip microcomputer, a CPU, etc.), which belongs to the common general knowledge in the art and is not described herein.
The present embodiment is only for explaining the present invention, and it is not limited to the present invention, and those skilled in the art can make modifications to the present embodiment without inventive contribution as required after reading the present specification, but all of them are protected by patent laws within the scope of the claims of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides a duplex position rivet hot equipment which characterized by: comprises a frame (1), wherein the frame (1) is provided with
A first hot riveting mechanism (2) which is right opposite to the manual operation position (3);
the second hot riveting mechanism (4) is positioned on one side, far away from the manual operation position (3), of the first hot riveting mechanism (2);
the first hot riveting station (5) is positioned right below the first hot riveting mechanism (2) and used for placing a first hot riveting workpiece;
the second hot riveting station (6) is positioned below the first hot riveting mechanism (2) and the second hot riveting mechanism (4) to place a second hot riveting workpiece and is positioned above the first hot riveting station (5);
the transverse driving mechanism (7) is connected to the second hot riveting station (6) to drive the second hot riveting station (6) to transversely translate to a position right below the first hot riveting mechanism (2) or the second hot riveting mechanism (4);
the first hot riveting station (5) comprises a first operating platform (34) fixed on the frame (1) and a first lining die (35) fixed on the upper side surface of the first operating platform (34) and used for placing a first hot riveting workpiece; the second hot riveting station (6) comprises a second operating platform (36) fixed on the frame (1) and a second lining die (37) fixed on the upper side surface of the second operating platform (36) and used for placing a second hot riveting workpiece;
the first hot riveting station (5) is also provided with a first transverse pressing mechanism (10) to limit the transverse position of the first hot riveting workpiece; a second transverse pressing mechanism (11) is further arranged on the second hot riveting station (6) to limit the transverse position of the second hot riveting workpiece; the first transverse pressing mechanism (10) comprises a first limiting block (44) arranged on one side of the first lining die (35) and a driving part (58) fixed on the upper side surface of the first operating platform (34) to drive the first limiting block (44) to transversely press or move away from the side edge of the first hot riveting workpiece; the second transverse pressing mechanism (11) comprises a second limiting block (45) which is arranged on one side of the second lining die (37) to press against the side edge of the second hot riveting workpiece.
2. The double-station hot riveting apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: the frame (1) is further provided with a first longitudinal pressing mechanism (8) and a second longitudinal pressing mechanism (9), and the first longitudinal pressing mechanism (8) is located between the first hot riveting mechanism (2) and the first hot riveting station (5) to limit the longitudinal position of the first hot riveting workpiece; the second longitudinal pressing mechanism (9) is positioned between the second hot riveting mechanism (4) and the second hot riveting station (6) to limit the longitudinal position of the second hot riveting workpiece.
3. The double-station hot riveting apparatus according to claim 2, wherein: the first hot riveting mechanism (2) comprises a first lifting platform (12) positioned above the first hot riveting station (5), a first lifting driving component fixed on the rack (1) to drive the first lifting platform (12) to do longitudinal reciprocating linear motion, a first lower pressing plate (13) fixed on the lower side surface of the first lifting platform (12), and a plurality of first hot riveting columns (14) fixed on the lower plate surface of the first lower pressing plate (13);
the second hot riveting mechanism (4) comprises a second lifting platform (15) positioned above the second hot riveting station (6), a second lifting driving assembly fixed on the frame (1) and used for driving the second lifting platform (15) to perform longitudinal reciprocating linear motion, a second lower pressing plate (16) fixed on the lower side surface of the second lifting platform (15), and a plurality of second hot riveting columns (17) fixed on the lower plate surface of the second lower pressing plate (16).
4. The double-station hot riveting apparatus according to claim 3, wherein: the first lifting driving assembly comprises first driving plates (18) which are positioned at two ends of a first lifting platform (12) and extend upwards, first driving shafts (19) which simultaneously rotate to penetrate through the two first driving plates (18), first driving gears (20) fixed at the ends of the first driving shafts (19), first racks (21) which are vertically fixed on the rack (1) and meshed with the first driving gears (20), and first power sources (22) which are fixed on the upper side surface of the first lifting platform (12) and drive the first driving shafts (19) to rotate circumferentially;
the second lifting driving assembly comprises second driving plates (23) which are positioned at two ends of the second lifting platform (15) and extend upwards, a second driving shaft (24) which penetrates through the two second driving plates (23) in a rotating mode simultaneously, a second driving gear (25) which is fixed at the end portion of the second driving shaft (24), a second rack (26) which is vertically fixed on the rack (1) and meshed with the second driving gear (25), and a second power source (27) which is fixed on the upper side face of the second lifting platform (15) and drives the second driving shaft (24) to rotate in the circumferential direction.
5. The double-station hot riveting apparatus according to claim 4, wherein: two opposite plate surfaces of the two first driving plates (18) are respectively fixed with a first guide sliding block (28), a first guide rod (29) corresponding to the first guide sliding block (28) is vertically fixed on the rack (1), and a first guide groove (30) for the sliding clamping of the first guide rod (29) is vertically formed in the side surface of the first guide sliding block (28);
two face in opposite directions all are fixed with second direction slider (31) on two second drive plates (23), vertically be fixed with second guide bar (32) corresponding to second direction slider (31) on frame (1), second guide way (33) that supply second guide bar (32) joint that slides are vertically seted up to the side of second direction slider (31).
6. The double-station hot riveting apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: the transverse driving mechanism (7) comprises guide seats (38) which are fixed on the rack (1) and are respectively positioned on two sides of the second operating platform (36), guide rods (39) are transversely fixed on two opposite side surfaces of the two guide seats (38), guide blocks (40) are fixed on the lower platform surface of the second operating platform (36) and on two side positions of the lower platform surface, and guide chutes (41) for the guide rods (39) to slide and be clamped are formed in the guide blocks (40); a driving block (42) is fixed on the guide block (40), and a belt wheel conduction device (43) which is connected with the driving block (42) to drive the driving block (42) to slide along the guide rod (39) is fixed on the guide seat (38).
7. The double-station hot riveting apparatus according to claim 3, wherein: the first longitudinal pressing mechanism (8) comprises a first pressing plate (46) positioned between a first hot riveting workpiece and a first lower pressing plate (13), and a plurality of first avoidance through holes (47) for a first hot riveting column (14) to pass through are formed in the surface of the first pressing plate (46); a plurality of first abutting-pressing rods (48) for longitudinally abutting against a first hot riveting workpiece are fixed on the lower plate surface of the first pressing plate (46); a first power device (49) which is connected to the first pressing plate (46) to drive the first pressing plate (46) to do longitudinal reciprocating linear motion is further fixed on the frame (1);
the second longitudinal pressing mechanism (9) comprises a second pressing plate (50) positioned between the second hot riveting workpiece and the second lower pressing plate (16), and a plurality of second avoidance through holes (51) for the second hot riveting columns (17) to pass through are formed in the surface of the second pressing plate (50); a plurality of second abutting-pressing rods (52) for longitudinally abutting against a second hot riveting workpiece are fixed on the lower plate surface of the second pressing plate (50); and a second power device (53) which is connected with the second pressing plate (50) to drive the second pressing plate (50) to do longitudinal reciprocating linear motion is also fixed on the frame (1).
CN201920485701.7U 2019-04-11 2019-04-11 Double-station hot riveting equipment Active CN210211414U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920485701.7U CN210211414U (en) 2019-04-11 2019-04-11 Double-station hot riveting equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920485701.7U CN210211414U (en) 2019-04-11 2019-04-11 Double-station hot riveting equipment

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN210211414U true CN210211414U (en) 2020-03-31

Family

ID=69922864

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201920485701.7U Active CN210211414U (en) 2019-04-11 2019-04-11 Double-station hot riveting equipment

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN210211414U (en)

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