A photovoltaic support for various steel tile roof back of body shady face
The utility model relates to a solar photovoltaic power generation technical field, concretely relates to a photovoltaic support that is used for various steel tile roof shady side.
The photovoltaic power generation system is composed of a solar cell array, a photovoltaic bracket, an inverter, an alternating current power distribution cabinet, a control system and other equipment, and is new energy equipment for converting solar energy into electric energy. In the photovoltaic power generation field, the photovoltaic support is used as a photovoltaic panel supporting part, and the angle of the support directly determines the irradiation angle of sunlight on the photovoltaic panel, so that the working efficiency of the photovoltaic panel is influenced. At present, the application that solar photovoltaic board arranged is carried out on the roof of industry commercial factory building is very extensive, the roof of factory building is the various steel tile roofing mostly, the area is big, the installed capacity is big, traditional mounting means tiles for according to various steel tile roofing angle, the inclination of the present most various steel tile roofing is 3, generating efficiency can be guaranteed basically at the photovoltaic board of laying to the sunny side, and the photovoltaic board of laying at the shady side makes the unable abundant sunshine of receipt of photovoltaic board because the problem of roofing angle shine, the generating efficiency of photovoltaic board is seriously influenced. Also there are some designs that can play and promote photovoltaic support inclination among the prior art, but most structure is complicated, and the design is loaded down with trivial details, is not suitable for using widely.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the problems in the prior art, the utility model discloses a photovoltaic support for the shady side of a color steel tile roof, which can improve the inclination angle and facilitate the photovoltaic plate to fully receive the sunlight irradiation, the photovoltaic support comprises a beam, an L-shaped support member and a clamp, the beam comprises a front beam and a rear beam, the L-shaped support member comprises a front L-shaped support member and a rear L-shaped support member, the clamp comprises a front clamp and a rear clamp, the lower side surface of the front beam is connected with the horizontal part of the front L-shaped support member through a T-shaped bolt, the lower side surface of the rear beam is connected with the horizontal part of the rear L-shaped support member through a T-shaped bolt, the lower end of the vertical part of the front L-shaped support member is connected with the front clamp, the front clamp and the rear clamp respectively clamp the corrugation of the color steel tile roof, the height of the vertical part of the front L-shaped support member is lower than that of the vertical part of the rear L-shaped support member, the height of the rear cross beam is higher than that of the front cross beam. The photovoltaic support is integrally inclined due to the height difference of the front and back L-shaped supporting pieces, the inclination direction of the photovoltaic support is opposite to that of the roof, and the inclination angle of the photovoltaic support is larger than the gradient of the roof, so that the photovoltaic plate mounted on the photovoltaic support can be used for irradiating sunlight, the power generation efficiency of the photovoltaic plate is effectively improved, and the photovoltaic support is simple and practical in structure and convenient to popularize and use.
Furthermore, the height difference of the front L-shaped supporting piece and the rear L-shaped supporting piece enables the whole front and rear direction of the upper surface of the photovoltaic support to form an included angle of 6 degrees with the color steel tile roof. Because the anchor clamps of photovoltaic support downside directly rely on various steel tile roofing to set up, the inclination of roofing is 3, so photovoltaic support back shadow department of setting to the roofing on it the installation the contained angle with the horizontal plane be 3, the same with the inclination that relies on the photovoltaic board that the roofing tiled to the sunny side.
Furthermore, the horizontal part of the L-shaped supporting piece is provided with an oblong through hole, the end part of the vertical part of the L-shaped supporting piece is provided with two oblong through holes, one oblong through hole extends along the horizontal direction, and the other oblong through hole extends along the vertical direction; two clamping plates of the clamp are fixed through two connecting bolts, the connecting line of the two connecting bolts and the horizontal plane form an included angle of 6 degrees, and the two connecting bolts respectively penetrate through two long circular through holes in the vertical part of the L-shaped supporting piece to fixedly connect the L-shaped supporting plate with the clamp. Two long circular perforation of L type support piece tip extend horizontal direction and vertical direction extension respectively, because anchor clamps set up perpendicularly on the roofing, L type support piece like this when being connected with two connecting bolt on the anchor clamps, alright through long circular perforation adjustment L type support piece to realize that L type support piece's the direction that sets up is different with the direction of anchor clamps.
Furthermore, notches are respectively arranged on the upper side and the lower side of the cross beam, the cross section of the cross beam is H-shaped, the notches are stepped, and two side walls of the end part of each notch extend out of the corresponding notch to form blocking eaves. T-shaped bolts connected with the L-shaped supporting pieces are arranged in notches on the lower sides of the cross beams, clamped by the lower side blocking eaves, and then fastened through nuts after penetrating through the long circular through holes of the horizontal portions of the L-shaped supporting pieces.
Further, the clamp is an angle relaxation type clamp or an upright locking type clamp.
Furthermore, the photovoltaic support further comprises a connecting pressing block, a through hole is formed in the middle of the connecting pressing block, a photovoltaic panel mounting bolt is also arranged in the notch on the upper side of the cross beam, and the photovoltaic panel mounting bolt penetrates through the through hole of the connecting pressing block. The briquetting is rubber materials, and when the support was installed to the photovoltaic board, the connection briquetting was filled up on the mounting hole of photovoltaic board, then uses photovoltaic board construction bolt to fix, connects the briquetting and plays the effect of protection photovoltaic board.
Compared with the prior art, the photovoltaic bracket for the shady side of the color steel tile roof, which is designed by the patent of the utility model, has the following advantages that firstly, the lifting of the integral inclination angle of the photovoltaic bracket is realized through the front and back L-shaped supporting pieces with different heights, so that the photovoltaic panel arranged on the shady side can completely receive the irradiation of sunlight, and the power generation efficiency of the photovoltaic panel is effectively improved; in addition, two connecting holes on the clamp are obliquely arranged, so that the L-shaped support frame is inclined at a set angle when being connected with the L-shaped support frame, and the front angle and the rear angle of a cross beam connected with the L-shaped support frame are synchronously inclined; and two long circular through holes of the vertical part of the L-shaped supporting piece extend in the horizontal direction and the vertical direction respectively, so that the L-shaped supporting piece can be adjusted when being connected with the clamp, and the L-shaped supporting piece is convenient to mount. The utility model discloses a photovoltaic support simple structure, practicality of design adopt the photovoltaic system's of this patent photovoltaic support mounting photovoltaic system efficiency to improve 4% ~ 6% than the photovoltaic system efficiency of conventional installation in the in-service use, have greatly shortened the return on investment year, have very big advantage to the photovoltaic investor.
Figure 1 is the side view installation diagram of the photovoltaic support of the utility model
FIG. 2 is a side view partial enlargement of the photovoltaic support of the present invention
FIG. 3 is a front view of the photovoltaic support of the present invention
FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view of a beam
FIG. 5 is a side view of the L-shaped supporting member
FIG. 6 is a front view of the L-shaped supporting member
FIG. 7 is a side view of the clamp
FIG. 8 is a front view of the clamp
Description of the reference numerals
1 crossbeam, 2-L-shaped supporting pieces, 3 clamps, 4 connecting pressing blocks, 5-T-shaped bolts, 6 photovoltaic panel connecting bolts, 7 photovoltaic panels, 8 color steel tile roofs, 11 front crossbeams, 12 rear crossbeams, 111 notches, 112 blocking eaves, 21 front L-shaped supporting pieces, 22 rear L-shaped supporting pieces, 211 vertical parts, 212 horizontal parts, 213 long circular through holes, 31 front clamps, 32 rear clamps, 311 clamping plates, 312 connecting bolts and 313 connecting holes
The invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments.
As shown in fig. 1-3, the utility model discloses an embodiment of a photovoltaic support for various steel tile roof shady face, include crossbeam 1, L type support piece 2 and anchor clamps 3 that connect gradually from the top down, photovoltaic board 7 is installed on crossbeam 1, and the flute of various steel tile roofing 8 is held to anchor clamps 3, and various steel tile roofing 8 is 3 slopes. The beam 1 comprises a front beam 11 and a rear beam 12, the L-shaped support 2 comprises a front L-shaped support 21 and a rear L-shaped support 22, and the clamp 3 comprises a front clamp 31 and a rear clamp 32. The lower side surface of the front beam 11 is connected to the horizontal portion of the front L-shaped support member 21, the lower side surface of the rear beam 12 is connected to the horizontal portion of the rear L-shaped support member 22, the end portion of the vertical portion of the front L-shaped support member 21 is connected to the front jig 31, and the end portion of the vertical portion of the rear L-shaped support member 22 is connected to the rear jig 32. The height degree of the vertical part of the front L-shaped support piece 21 is lower than that of the rear L-shaped support piece 22, and due to the height difference of the front L-shaped support piece and the rear L-shaped support piece, an included angle of 6 degrees is formed between the photovoltaic panel 7 and the color steel tile roof 8 after installation, and an included angle of 3 degrees is formed between the photovoltaic panel 7 and the horizontal plane.
The beam 1 is made of aluminum alloy, the wall thickness is not less than 1.2mm, each beam is 6m long, notches 111 are respectively arranged on the upper side and the lower side of each beam, the cross section of each notch 111 is stepped as shown in a combined figure 4, and two side walls of an opening at the end part of each notch horizontally extend out of a blocking eave 112. Be equipped with photovoltaic board connecting bolt 6 in the upside notch 111 of crossbeam 1, be equipped with in the mounting hole of photovoltaic board 7 and connect briquetting 4, it has the perforation to connect briquetting 4 center department, and photovoltaic board connecting bolt 6 passes the perforation back-fastening of connecting briquetting 4, connects photovoltaic board 7 on crossbeam 1 to photovoltaic board 7's front and back both ends are connected fixedly with front beam 11 and rear beam 12 respectively.
As shown in fig. 5 to 6, the L-shaped support member 2 includes a horizontal portion 212 and a vertical portion 211, and the horizontal portion 212 is formed with an oblong through hole and is connected and fixed to a lower side recess of the cross member 1 by a T-shaped bolt 5. The end of the vertical part 211 is provided with two oblong holes 213, one of which extends horizontally and the other extends vertically, the end face of the vertical part 211 is an inclined plane with an inclination of 6 °. L type support piece 2 can select angle aluminium or galvanized angle iron processing preparation for use, and it is better to select angle aluminium result of use.
Referring to fig. 7 to 8, the clamp 3 is an angular-relaxation clamp made of aluminum alloy and composed of two clamp plates 311, two connecting holes 313 are correspondingly formed in the two clamp plates 311, and the two clamp plates 311 are connected and fixed by two connecting bolts 312 penetrating through the connecting holes 313. The two connecting holes 313 are not on the same horizontal line, and the connecting line of the two connecting holes and the horizontal plane form an included angle of 6 degrees.
The vertical portion of the L-shaped support 2 is integrally coupled to the clamp 3 through two oblong holes 213 of the end portion thereof by two coupling bolts 312 of the clamp 3, respectively.
When the photovoltaic bracket designed by the patent of the utility model is used, the clamp plate 311 of the clamp 3 is firstly used for clamping the corrugation of the color steel tile roof 8, when clamping, the inclination direction of the connecting line of the connecting hole on the clamp plate is opposite to the gradient direction of the color steel tile roof, when fastening the connecting bolt, the vertical part of the L-shaped support member 2 is connected and fixed together, when connecting the L-shaped support member 2, the height of the rear L-shaped support member 22 is higher than that of the front L-shaped support member 21, then the front beam 11 and the rear beam 12 are respectively fixed on the horizontal parts of the front and rear L-shaped support members by using the stainless steel T-shaped M8 bolt, a set of the clamp and the L-shaped support member are arranged on the beam 1 every 1.5M, if the length of the required beam exceeds 6M, the beam connecting member can be used for continuous connection, the beam needs to ensure a certain level after fixing, the vertical vibration causes cracks to be generated on the photovoltaic panel. And finally, fixing the front end and the rear end of the photovoltaic panel 7 to the front cross beam and the rear cross beam respectively by using a connecting pressing block and an M8 stainless steel bolt with an inner hexagon.
The above description is only for the preferred embodiment of the present invention, and should not be taken as limiting the scope of the invention, which is defined by the appended claims and the description of the invention.