CN210183992U - Spout medicine and irrigate integration walnut plantation - Google Patents

Spout medicine and irrigate integration walnut plantation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210183992U
CN210183992U CN201920315039.0U CN201920315039U CN210183992U CN 210183992 U CN210183992 U CN 210183992U CN 201920315039 U CN201920315039 U CN 201920315039U CN 210183992 U CN210183992 U CN 210183992U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pipe
control valve
water
pump
branch pipe
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201920315039.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
Congshu Jiang
蒋从树
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蒋从树
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Priority to CN201920315039.0U priority Critical patent/CN210183992U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/22Improving land use; Improving water use or availability; Controlling erosion

Abstract

The utility model discloses a spout medicine irrigation integration walnut plantation, including planting district, cistern, be used for extracting the fluid pump in the cistern, as the inlet tube of pump inlet pipeline, as the outlet pipe of pump outlet pipeline, as the play hydrohead of outlet pipe water outlet end, the inlet tube communicates cistern and pump, its characterized in that still includes the first control valve of series connection on the inlet tube, the first control valve is used for controlling the intercommunication state of inlet tube; also comprises a multifunctional pool with one end connected with the water inlet pipe. This spout medicine and irrigate integration walnut plantation can effectively solve and take the manual work to spout medicine inhomogeneous, intensity of labour is big, inefficiency and injury peasant's health among the prior art and the single technical problem of irrigation system, provides a spout medicine and irrigate integration's walnut plantation.

Description

Spout medicine and irrigate integration walnut plantation
Technical Field
The utility model relates to an agricultural production crops plantation technical field, concretely relates to spout medicine and irrigate integration walnut plantation.
Background
Besides well performing fertilization management, disease and pest management and daily weeding management, the walnut tree planting method has two important links of irrigation and pesticide application. The walnut belongs to a deep-rooted fruit tree, requires fertile soil and is favored by warm and humid climates, belongs to a semi-positive plant, and has the most suitable growth pH value of 6-7. The walnut mature tree is generally cultivated outdoors, and in modern agriculture, in order to facilitate water and fertilizer management, improve irrigation efficiency and the like, a device for irrigating the walnut tree by utilizing a pipe network appears in the prior art. Further optimizing the structural design of the irrigation system for walnut tree planting so that the irrigation system can better serve walnut tree planting is a technical problem to be solved urgently by those skilled in the art.
At present, pesticide spraying is mainly carried out manually aiming at the pesticide spraying of the walnut plantation, so that not only is manpower wasted, but also the efficiency is low, the coverage is incomplete, and the physical health is easily influenced when an operator is in pesticide spraying air; and the manual pesticide spraying is not uniform enough, which has adverse effect on the pesticide effect and the control effect. With the gradual improvement of the agricultural automation level, more automatic machines can be adopted to meet the requirements of production development.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
To foretell not enough among the prior art, the utility model provides a spout medicine and irrigate integration walnut plantation, this plantation can effectively solve and take the manual work to spout the medicine inhomogeneous, intensity of labour is big, inefficiency and injure peasant's health among the prior art, and the single technical problem of irrigation system provides a spout the medicine and irrigate the walnut plantation of integration.
In order to realize the purpose, the utility model discloses a technical scheme be: a pesticide-spraying and irrigation integrated walnut plantation comprises a planting area, a reservoir, a pump for pumping fluid in the reservoir, a water inlet pipe serving as a pump inlet pipeline, a water outlet pipe serving as a pump outlet pipeline, and a water outlet head serving as a water outlet end of the water outlet pipe, wherein the water inlet pipe is communicated with the reservoir and the pump;
the multifunctional pool is connected with a second control valve used for controlling the communication state of the multifunctional pool in series, and the connection position of the multifunctional pool on the water inlet pipe is positioned between the pump and the first control valve.
Furthermore, the water outlet pipe comprises a main pipe and a plurality of branch pipes, one end of each branch pipe is connected with the main pipe, the other end of each branch pipe is a water outlet head, and one end of the main pipe is connected with the outlet end of the pump.
Furthermore, each branch pipe is connected with a third control valve in series, and each third control valve is used for controlling the on-off state of the branch pipe.
Furthermore, the branch pipes comprise hose sections, and the number and the installation positions of the branch pipes correspond to the trees in the planting area one to one.
Furthermore, the water outlet head comprises a shell, the shell is in a horn mouth shape, and the small end of the shell is the water inlet end of the water outlet head when the pump works.
Furthermore, the branch pipes comprise ground branch pipes and vertically arranged branch pipes, the water outlet heads of the vertically arranged branch pipes are a plurality of fan-shaped spray heads, the water outlet heads of the ground branch pipes are detachably connected with the fan-shaped spray heads, and fourth control valves are connected on the vertically arranged branch pipes in series.
Furthermore, a ground branch pipe fixing device is fixedly arranged on the vertically arranged branch pipe, the fixing device is a vertically arranged circular ring, a notch is arranged at the top end of the circular ring, the caliber of the notch is larger than the diameter of the ground branch pipe, and the diameter of the circular ring is directly smaller than the radius of the fan-shaped spray head.
Further, a stirring device is arranged in the multifunctional pool.
Furthermore, the multifunctional pool is provided with scale marks.
Furthermore, a tap water pipe is connected in the multifunctional pool, a fifth control valve connected in series is arranged on the tap water pipe, and the fifth control valve is used for controlling the communication state of the tap water pipe.
The utility model discloses in, the outlet pipe is as retaining stream to the fluid pipeline of play hydroecium in the cistern, the power supply on the fluid pipeline is regarded as to the pump. The pump may be a variable frequency pump.
Since the technical scheme is used, the beneficial effects of the utility model are that:
1. the utility model discloses set up multi-functional pond between first control valve and pump, this multi-functional pond both can be used to the preparation of the pesticide liquid that sprays in the walnut plantation, also can be used to the preparation of liquid rich water, has still set up scale mark and agitating unit in the multi-functional pond for the concentration of configuration is accurate, mixes more evenly.
2. The utility model discloses set up the branch pipe of ground branch pipe and perpendicular setting on the outlet pipe, ground branch pipe mainly used walnut tree is irrigated, and the branch pipe mainly used of perpendicular setting sprays insecticide, and the height that highly is higher than the walnut tree of the branch pipe of perpendicular setting, what the branch pipe top outlet head of perpendicular setting adopted is fan-shaped shower nozzle, can make spun liquid medicine atomizing, and the blowout angle is big, and coverage is wide, makes the even extensive of spun liquid medicine spill on the walnut tree.
3. The utility model discloses the fixed ground branch pipe fixing device that is provided with on the branch pipe of perpendicular setting, fixing device is the ring of perpendicular setting, the top is provided with the breach on the ring, the bore of breach is greater than the diameter of ground branch pipe, the directness of ring is less than fan nozzle's radius, when carrying out the pesticide and spraying, still can hang ground branch pipe on the ring, the diameter because of the ring is less than fan nozzle's radius, so the fan nozzle of ground branch pipe can block and hang in the ring, and then spray the walnut from the lower, not only can spray the leaf of lower end, can also spray the back of leaf, the improvement sprays the effect, thereby also realize that the walnut tree spouts the medicine and irrigates the integration, manual irrigation and artifical pesticide spray have still been replaced, labor intensity is reduced, labor efficiency is improved, the injury of the manual work to the human body of spraying pesticide has been avoided.
4. The utility model discloses set up water pipe on multi-functional pond, not only can carry out the supply when the water storage capacity is few in the cistern, still make things convenient for pesticide and rich water configuration to use, also make things convenient for the water intaking of other a small amount of water times in the plantation simultaneously, reduce the use frequency of pump, prolong the life of pump.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a block diagram of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a view showing a structure of a vertically arranged branch pipe;
reference numerals: 1-growing area, 11-tree, 2-reservoir, 3-pump, 4-inlet pipe, 41-first control valve, 5-outlet pipe, 51-ground branch pipe, 52-outlet head, 53-third control valve, 6-multifunctional pool, 61-second control valve, 62-stirring device, 63-tap water pipe, 64-fifth control valve, 7-vertically arranged branch pipe, 71-fourth control valve, 72-ring, 721-notch.
Detailed Description
The invention is further described below with reference to the accompanying drawings: the utility model provides a spout medicine irrigation integration walnut plantation, includes planting district 1, tree 11, cistern 2, be arranged in extracting cistern 2 fluidic pump 3, as 3 inlet pipe of pump 4, as 3 outlet pipe of pump 5, as the outlet pipe 52 of 5 play water ends of outlet pipe of pump as 3 inlet pipe lines, inlet pipe 4 intercommunication cistern 2 and pump 3 still include the first control valve 41 of establishing ties on inlet pipe 4, first control valve 41 is used for controlling the intercommunication state of inlet pipe 4. A plurality of planting areas can be arranged in a plantation according to actual needs, each planting area is a single row of walnut trees so as to facilitate watering and spraying of liquid medicine, and each row is provided with a plurality of walnut trees.
The multifunctional water pump further comprises a multifunctional pool 6, one end of the multifunctional pool is connected with the water inlet pipe 4, a second control valve 61 used for controlling the communication state of the multifunctional pool 6 is further connected onto the multifunctional pool 6 in series, and the connecting position of the multifunctional pool 6 on the water inlet pipe 4 is located between the pump 3 and the first control valve 41. The first control valve 41 and the second control valve 61 are both ball valves
When walnut trees in a plantation need to be irrigated, the second control valve 61 is closed, the first control valve 41 is opened, then the power supply of the pump 3 is switched on, the pump 3 is operated, water in the water storage tank 2 is conveyed to the water outlet head 52 through the water outlet pipe 5, then the water outlet head 52 irrigates the trees 11 in the planting area 1, and after the irrigation is finished, the first control valve 41 and the pump 3 can be used.
Preferably, the outlet pipe 5 comprises a main pipe and a plurality of branch pipes, one end of each branch pipe is connected with the main pipe, the other end of each branch pipe is a water outlet head 52, and one end of the main pipe is connected with the outlet end of the pump 3. The branch pipes all comprise hose sections, and the number and the installation positions of the branch pipes correspond to the trees 11 in the planting area 1 one by one. And each branch pipe is connected with a third control valve 53 in series, each third control valve 53 is used for controlling the on-off state of the branch pipe, the arrangement of a plurality of branch pipes is more convenient for the uniform irrigation of the trees 11 in the planting area 1, the arrangement of the number and the installation positions of the branch pipes in one-to-one correspondence with the trees 11 in the planting area 1 can ensure that the irrigation of the trees 11 is more uniform, rapid and accurate, and the colleagues improving the irrigation efficiency also avoid the waste of water resources.
Preferably, the water outlet head 52 comprises a housing, the housing is in a bell mouth shape, and the small end of the housing is the water inlet end of the water outlet head 52 when the pump 3 works. The branch pipes are located in the gap area of every two planting areas in the plantation, each branch pipe comprises a ground branch pipe 51 and a vertically arranged branch pipe 7, the height of each vertically arranged branch pipe 7 is higher than that of a walnut tree, the water outlet heads 52 of the vertically arranged branch pipes are fan-shaped spray heads, the number of the fan-shaped spray heads of each vertically arranged branch pipe 7 is generally 2, the fan-shaped spray heads can be in one-to-one correspondence with the trees 11 in the planting areas on two sides of the gap area, the water outlet heads 52 of the ground branch pipes 51 are detachably connected with the fan-shaped spray heads, and the vertically arranged branch pipes 7 are connected with a fourth control valve 71 in series. In this scheme, be the branch pipe subdivided into ground branch pipe 51 and the branch pipe 7 of perpendicular setting, and the ground branch pipe all has third control valve 53, and it has fourth control valve 71 to establish ties on the branch pipe 7 of perpendicular setting, and this setting can realize that same pipe-line system can spout the medicine, also can irrigate. When the planting area 1 needs to be irrigated, the second control valve 61 and the fourth control valve 71 can be closed, then the first control valve 41 and the third control valve 53 are opened, the pump 3 is operated, water in the water storage tank 2 is conveyed to each ground branch pipe through the water outlet pipe 5, then the trees 11 in the planting area 1 are irrigated through the ground branch pipe water outlet heads 52, and after irrigation is finished, the first control valve 41, the third control valve 53 and the pump 3 are closed. When irrigation is carried out, the fan-shaped spray head connected with the water outlet head 52 of the ground branch pipe 51 can be detached as required. When pesticide spraying and pest killing are needed to be carried out on the planting area 1, the first control valve 41 and the third control valve 53 are closed firstly, the prepared pesticide liquid is poured into the multifunctional pool 6, then the second control valve 61 and the fourth control valve 71 are opened, the pump 3 is operated, the pesticide liquid in the multifunctional pool 6 is conveyed to the vertically arranged branch pipe 7 through the water outlet pipe 5, then the walnut tree is sprayed with the pesticide liquid through the fan-shaped spray head on the vertically arranged branch pipe 7, the vertically arranged branch pipe 7 is higher than the walnut tree, the fan-shaped spray head is adopted, the sprayed pesticide liquid can be atomized, the spraying angle is large, the coverage range is wide, the sprayed pesticide liquid can be uniformly and widely sprayed on the walnut tree, no personnel need to enter the interior of the planting garden in the process, the personnel can be prevented from sucking the atomized pesticide, the body is prevented from being damaged, the spraying pipeline adopts an irrigation pipe network, and the laying cost of the pipe network is also reduced, after spraying, the second control valve 61 and the fourth control valve 71 and the pump 3 are closed. If the water-soluble fertilizer water needs to be prepared and irrigated, the water-soluble fertilizer water can also be prepared in the multifunctional pool 6.
Optimally, a ground branch pipe 51 fixing device is fixedly arranged on the vertically arranged branch pipe 7, the fixing device is a vertically arranged circular ring 72, a gap 721 is arranged at the top end of the circular ring 72, the aperture of the gap 721 is larger than the diameter of the ground branch pipe 51, and the diameter of the circular ring 72 is directly smaller than the radius of the fan-shaped spray head. Ground branch pipe 51 fixing device's setting, when carrying out the pesticide and spraying, still can hang ground branch pipe 51 on ring 72, the diameter because of ring 72 is less than fan-shaped nozzle's radius, so the fan-shaped nozzle card of ground branch pipe 51 hangs in ring 72, when branch pipe 7 that sets up perpendicularly sprays, can open third control valve 53, let the fan-shaped nozzle that the liquid medicine passes through ground branch pipe 51 spout from bottom to top, and then spray the walnut tree from bottom to top, not only can spray the leaf of lower extreme, can also spray the back of leaf, the improvement sprays the insecticidal effect.
Optimally, the stirring device 62 is arranged in the multifunctional pool 6, and the liquid medicine or the water-soluble fertilizer water prepared in the multifunctional pool can be uniformly stirred.
Optimally, the multifunctional pool 6 is provided with scale marks, so that the concentration and the dosage of the liquid medicine or the water-soluble fertilizer water accurately prepared in the multifunctional pool can be realized.
Optimally, a tap water pipe 63 is connected in the multifunctional pool 6, a fifth control valve 64 connected in series is arranged on the tap water pipe 63, and the fifth control valve 64 is used for controlling the communication state of the tap water pipe 63. The tap water pipe is arranged on the multifunctional pool, so that the water can be supplied when the water storage amount in the reservoir is small, the pesticide and the fertilizer water can be conveniently prepared and used, water can be conveniently taken when other small amount of water is used in a plantation, the use frequency of the pump is reduced, and the service life of the pump is prolonged.

Claims (6)

1. The pesticide-spraying and irrigation integrated walnut plantation comprises a planting area (1), a tree (11), a water storage tank (2), a pump (3) for pumping fluid in the water storage tank (2), a water inlet pipe (4) serving as an inlet pipeline of the pump (3), a water outlet pipe (5) serving as an outlet pipeline of the pump (3), and a water outlet head (52) serving as a water outlet end of the water outlet pipe (5), wherein the water inlet pipe (4) is communicated with the water storage tank (2) and the pump (3), and the pesticide-spraying and irrigation integrated walnut plantation is characterized by further comprising a first control valve (41) connected to the water inlet pipe (4) in series, wherein the first control valve (41) is used for controlling the communication state of the water;
the multifunctional water pump is characterized by further comprising a multifunctional pool (6) with one end connected with the water inlet pipe (4), wherein a second control valve (61) used for controlling the communication state of the multifunctional pool (6) is further connected in series on the multifunctional pool (6), and the connecting position of the multifunctional pool (6) on the water inlet pipe (4) is located between the pump (3) and the first control valve (41); the water outlet pipe (5) comprises a main pipe and a plurality of branch pipes, one end of each branch pipe is connected with the main pipe, the other end of each branch pipe is a water outlet head (52), and one end of the main pipe is connected with the outlet end of the pump (3); each branch pipe is connected with a third control valve (53) in series, and each third control valve (53) is used for controlling the on-off state of the branch pipe; the branch pipes comprise hose sections, and the number and the installation positions of the branch pipes correspond to the trees (11) in the planting area (1) one by one; the water outlet head (52) comprises a shell, the shell is in a bell mouth shape, and the small end of the shell is the water inlet end of the water outlet head (52) when the pump (3) works.
2. The pesticide spraying and irrigation integrated walnut plantation as claimed in claim 1, wherein the branch pipes comprise a ground branch pipe (51) and a vertically arranged branch pipe (7), the water outlet heads (52) of the vertically arranged branch pipe are a plurality of fan-shaped spray heads, the water outlet heads (52) of the ground branch pipe (51) are detachably connected with the fan-shaped spray heads, and a fourth control valve (71) is connected in series on the vertically arranged branch pipe (7).
3. The pesticide spraying and irrigation integrated walnut plantation as claimed in claim 2, wherein a ground branch pipe (51) fixing device is fixedly arranged on the vertically arranged branch pipe (7), the fixing device is a vertically arranged circular ring (72), a notch (721) is arranged at the top end of the circular ring (72), the caliber of the notch (721) is larger than the diameter of the ground branch pipe (51), and the diameter of the circular ring (72) is directly smaller than the radius of the fan-shaped spray head.
4. Pesticide spraying and irrigation integrated walnut plantation according to claim 3, wherein the multifunctional pond (6) is provided with a stirring device (62).
5. The pesticide spraying and irrigation integrated walnut plantation as claimed in claim 4, wherein scale marks are arranged in the multifunctional pond (6).
6. The pesticide spraying and irrigation integrated walnut plantation as claimed in claim 5, wherein a tap water pipe (63) is connected in the multifunctional pond (6), a fifth control valve (64) connected in series is arranged on the tap water pipe (63), and the fifth control valve (64) is used for controlling the communication state of the tap water pipe (63).
CN201920315039.0U 2019-03-13 2019-03-13 Spout medicine and irrigate integration walnut plantation Expired - Fee Related CN210183992U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920315039.0U CN210183992U (en) 2019-03-13 2019-03-13 Spout medicine and irrigate integration walnut plantation

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920315039.0U CN210183992U (en) 2019-03-13 2019-03-13 Spout medicine and irrigate integration walnut plantation

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN210183992U true CN210183992U (en) 2020-03-27

Family

ID=69880804

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201920315039.0U Expired - Fee Related CN210183992U (en) 2019-03-13 2019-03-13 Spout medicine and irrigate integration walnut plantation

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN210183992U (en)

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
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Granted publication date: 20200327

Termination date: 20210313