CN210172564U - Piston machining cutter and piston machining lathe with same - Google Patents

Piston machining cutter and piston machining lathe with same Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210172564U
CN210172564U CN201921175283.8U CN201921175283U CN210172564U CN 210172564 U CN210172564 U CN 210172564U CN 201921175283 U CN201921175283 U CN 201921175283U CN 210172564 U CN210172564 U CN 210172564U
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China
Prior art keywords
machining
processing
piston
tool
cutter
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CN201921175283.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
Xiu Li
李秀
Minghui Liu
刘明晖
Aiming Tan
谭爱明
Liang Zhao
赵亮
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Hunan Jiangbin Machinery Group Co Ltd
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Hunan Jiangbin Machinery Group Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201921175283.8U priority Critical patent/CN210172564U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a piston processing cutter, including cutter arbor and tool bit, the tool bit is including setting up respectively in the terminal surface hole processing portion and the excircle processing portion of the both sides of cutter arbor head end, and the tip of terminal surface hole processing portion is along axial protrusion in the tip of excircle processing portion, and the radial distance of the tip of terminal surface hole processing portion and the tip of excircle processing portion is less than the radius of waiting to process the piston, and two tips open towards both sides. The processing functions of processing the excircle, the end face and the inner hole of the piston are integrated into a whole, so that the multifunctional integration of the cutter is realized, the process integration effect is improved, the types of the cutters required in the processing are reduced, the management is convenient, the cutter number is saved, the transposition time is shortened, and the production efficiency is improved. The utility model also discloses a piston processing lathe of having above-mentioned piston processing cutter.

Description

Piston machining cutter and piston machining lathe with same
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a piston processing field especially relates to a piston machining cutter. Furthermore, the utility model discloses still relate to a piston machining lathe who has this cutter.
Background
The piston is widely applied to various technical fields, and in the machining process of the piston, various types of cutters are required to be used for turning due to the particularity of the piston structure. An excircle turning tool is used when the excircle of the piston is processed, and a reaming turning tool is used when the positioning spigot and the lower end face are processed.
In the prior art, two turning tools are needed to be used for respectively machining the excircle and the positioning spigot of the piston, in the machining process, the excircle of the piston is machined, the tool is replaced after the machining, the positioning spigot and the end face of the piston are machined, and the tool is changed again to machine the next piston.
The cutter needs to be replaced many times in the machining process, the cutter is single in function, multiple in types and inconvenient to manage, the cutter is required to be mounted at multiple positions, the stroke of the hollow cutter in the machining process is multiple, the efficiency is low, and the process integration effect is influenced due to the limitation of the number of cutter bits of the equipment.
Therefore, how to provide a piston machining tool integrating the functions of outer circle machining and end face inner hole machining is a technical problem to be solved by those skilled in the art at present.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims at providing a piston machining cutter, integrated terminal surface hole portion of processing and excircle processing portion in an organic whole reduce the cutter kind, and the management of being convenient for improves production efficiency. The utility model also aims at providing a piston processing lathe that has above-mentioned cutter.
For solving the technical problem, the utility model provides a piston machining cutter, including cutter arbor and tool bit, the tool bit including set up respectively in the terminal surface hole processing portion and the excircle processing portion of the both sides of cutter arbor head end, the tip of terminal surface hole processing portion along axial protrusion in the tip of excircle processing portion, the tip of terminal surface hole processing portion with the radial distance of the tip of excircle processing portion is less than the radius of waiting to process the piston, and two tips open towards both sides.
Preferably, the tip of the end face bore machining portion is an acute-angle edge.
Preferably, the blade tip of the outer round processing portion is an arc-shaped blade.
Preferably, the cutter head is welded or bolted to the cutter bar head end.
Preferably, the tool bar is embodied as a rectangular bar.
Preferably, the end surface inner hole processing part and the outer circle processing part are arranged in a split mode and are respectively connected to two sides of the head end of the cutter rod.
Preferably, the cutter arbor is installed terminal surface hole processing portion with the both sides wall of excircle processing portion is outwards expanded by middle part to head end gradually, the lateral wall of cutter arbor with the side direction cutting edge of terminal surface hole processing portion and 1 the side direction cutting edge smooth transition of excircle processing portion, the head end terminal surface of cutter arbor with the end of terminal surface hole processing portion to the cutting edge with the end of excircle processing portion is to cutting edge smooth transition.
Preferably, the end face inner hole machining portion and the outer circle machining portion are integrally arranged and integrally connected to the end face of the head end of the cutter rod.
Preferably, the cutter arbor is the shoulder pole that the head end width is less than terminal width, the lateral wall that the terminal surface hole processing portion was installed to the cutter arbor is outwards expanded gradually by middle part step to head end, the lateral wall of cutter arbor with the side direction cutting edge smooth transition of terminal surface hole processing portion, the end of terminal surface hole processing portion to the cutting edge with the end of excircle processing portion is to cutting edge smooth transition.
The utility model provides a piston processing lathe, including the bed body and install in the piston processing cutter of the bed body, the piston processing cutter specifically is above-mentioned arbitrary one the piston processing cutter.
The utility model provides a piston machining cutter, including cutter arbor and tool bit, the tool bit is including setting up respectively in the terminal surface hole processing portion and the excircle processing portion of the both sides of cutter arbor head end, and the tip of terminal surface hole processing portion is along axial protrusion in the tip of excircle processing portion, and the radial distance of the tip of terminal surface hole processing portion and the tip of excircle processing portion is less than the radius of waiting to process the piston, and two tips open towards both sides.
The processing functions of processing the excircle, the end face and the inner hole of the piston are integrated into a whole, so that the multifunctional integration of the cutter is realized, the process integration effect is improved, the types of the cutters required in the processing are reduced, the management is convenient, the cutter number is saved, the transposition time is shortened, and the production efficiency is improved.
The utility model also provides a piston machining lathe with above-mentioned piston processing cutter, because above-mentioned piston processing cutter has above-mentioned technological effect, above-mentioned piston processing lathe also should have same technological effect, no longer introduces in detail.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an embodiment of a piston machining tool according to the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of another embodiment of the piston machining tool according to the present invention.
Detailed Description
The core of the utility model is to provide a piston machining cutter, integrated terminal surface hole portion of processing and excircle processing portion in an organic whole reduce the cutter kind, the management of being convenient for improves production efficiency. The other core of the utility model is to provide a piston processing lathe with the cutter.
In order to make the technical field better understand the solution of the present invention, the following detailed description of the present invention is provided with reference to the accompanying drawings and the detailed description.
Referring to fig. 1, fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a piston machining tool according to an embodiment of the present invention.
The utility model discloses specific embodiment provides a piston machining cutter, including cutter arbor 1 and tool bit, the end of cutter arbor 1 is used for connecting the lathe, and the tool bit is connected to cutter arbor 1's head end, and cutter arbor 1 can be the rectangular rod, and the cross-section is the rectangle promptly, also can be other shapes. Wherein the tool bit includes terminal surface hole processing portion 2 and excircle processing portion 3, both set up respectively in the both sides of 1 head end of cutter arbor, be provided with two sharpenings on same cutter arbor 1 promptly, and two sharpenings open towards both sides, the sharpenings of terminal surface hole processing portion 2 bulge in excircle processing portion 3 along the axial, the sharpenings of terminal surface hole processing portion 2 is higher than excircle processing portion 3 promptly, the sharpenings of terminal surface hole processing portion 2 is greater than excircle processing portion 3's sharpenings apart from cutter arbor 1 terminal distance apart from cutter arbor 1, be used for the terminal surface processing in-process, avoid excircle processing portion 3 to cause the interference, the radial distance of the sharpenings of terminal surface hole processing portion 2 and excircle processing portion 3's sharpenings is less than the radius of waiting to process piston 4, be used for the processing hole in-process, avoid excircle processing portion 3 to cause the interference. Two cutting edges are respectively positioned at the outermost sides of two sides of the cutter, the cutting edge of the end surface inner hole processing part 2 is positioned at the outermost side of the head end, wherein the cutter bar is in the axial direction from the tail end to the head end, and the cutter bar is in the radial direction perpendicular to the axial direction.
Will process the piston excircle, the processing function integration in an organic whole of terminal surface and hole, realize the multi-functional integration of cutter, improve the integrated effect of process, in the course of working, install the cutter in the lathe, adjust the cutter position during processing the excircle, offset excircle processing portion 3 and the periphery of waiting to process 4 blanks of piston, adjust the cutter position during processing terminal surface and hole, offset terminal surface hole processing portion 2 and the terminal surface of waiting to process 4 blanks of piston, the dotted line is excircle processing position in the drawing, realize for terminal surface and hole processing position, need not change the cutter, reduce the cutter kind that needs in the processing, and the convenient management saves the tool bit number, reduce transposition time, and the production efficiency is improved.
Specifically, the edge tip of the end surface inner hole machining portion 2 is an acute-angle edge, and the edge tip of the outer circle machining portion 3 is an arc-shaped edge, or the type of the edge tip is adjusted according to circumstances. Wherein the tool bit welds in 1 head end of cutter arbor or bolted connection in 1 head end of cutter arbor, all is within the protection scope of the utility model.
On the basis of the piston machining cutter that each above-mentioned embodiment provided, because terminal surface hole processing portion 2 and excircle processing portion 3 need the higher material of hardness, for the minimize material, terminal surface hole processing portion 2 and 3 split type settings of excircle processing portion connect respectively in the both sides of cutter arbor 1 head end, effectively reduce the volume of terminal surface hole processing portion 2 and excircle processing portion 3.
The cutting edges of the end face inner hole machining part 2 and the excircle machining part 3 are equally divided into a lateral cutting edge and an end-to-edge cutting edge, the most convex point is a cutting edge tip, the lateral cutting edge and the end-to-edge cutting edge are positioned on two sides of the cutting edge tip, the lateral cutting edge is close to the side wall of the cutter bar 1, and the end-to-edge cutting edge faces the front end.
Further, terminal surface hole portion of processing 2 and excircle processing portion 3 are installed respectively to two relative lateral walls of cutter arbor 1, these two lateral walls are outwards expanded gradually by middle part to head end, 1 head end width of cutter arbor is greater than terminal width promptly, in order to avoid the interference in the course of the work, the lateral cutting edge of cutter arbor 1 and terminal surface hole portion of processing 2 and the lateral cutting edge smooth transition of 1 excircle processing portion 3, the end of the head end terminal surface of cutter arbor 1 and terminal surface hole portion of processing 2 is to the end of cutting edge and excircle processing portion 3 to the cutting edge smooth transition, make the cutting edge form an organic whole with cutter arbor 1.
Other arrangements can be adopted, please refer to fig. 2, and fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of another embodiment of the piston machining tool according to the present invention.
The end face inner hole machining portion 2 and the outer circle machining portion 3 are integrally arranged, the end face inner hole machining portion 2 and the outer circle machining portion 3 are machined on two sides of the same material respectively during machining of the cutter head, then the cutter head is integrally connected to the end face of the head end of the cutter rod 1, and machining and installation and positioning of the cutter head are facilitated.
Further, cutter arbor 1 is the ladder pole that the head end width is less than terminal width, wherein two relative lateral walls of cutter arbor 1 are close to terminal surface hole processing portion 2 and excircle processing portion 3 respectively, the lateral wall that is close to terminal surface hole processing portion 2 is outwards expanded by middle part step to head end gradually, cutter arbor 1 head end width is greater than the middle part width promptly, in order to avoid the interference in the course of the work, the lateral direction cutting edge smooth transition of cutter arbor 1's lateral wall and terminal surface hole processing portion 2, the end of terminal surface hole processing portion 2 is to cutting edge and the end of excircle processing portion 3 to cutting edge smooth transition.
Except above-mentioned piston processing cutter, the utility model discloses a specific embodiment still provides a piston processing lathe including above-mentioned piston processing cutter, and the other each partial structure of this piston processing lathe please refer to prior art, and this text is no longer repeated.
It is right above that the utility model provides a piston machining cutter and have piston machining lathe of this cutter have carried out the detailed introduction. The principles and embodiments of the present invention have been explained herein using specific examples, and the above descriptions of the embodiments are only used to help understand the method and its core ideas of the present invention. It should be noted that, for those skilled in the art, without departing from the principle of the present invention, the present invention can be further modified and modified, and such modifications and modifications also fall within the protection scope of the appended claims.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a piston machining cutter, includes cutter arbor (1) and tool bit, its characterized in that, the tool bit including set up respectively in the terminal surface hole portion of processing (2) and the excircle processing portion (3) of the both sides of cutter arbor (1) head end, the sword point of terminal surface hole portion of processing (2) along axial protrusion in the sword point of excircle processing portion (3), the sword point of terminal surface hole portion of processing (2) with the radial distance of the sword point of excircle processing portion (3) is less than the radius of waiting to process piston (4), and two sword points open towards both sides.
2. The piston machining tool according to claim 1, characterized in that the tip of the end face bore machining portion (2) is an acute angle edge.
3. The piston machining tool according to claim 2, characterized in that the cutting edge of the outer circular machining portion (3) is an arc-shaped cutting edge.
4. Piston machining tool according to claim 3, characterized in that the tool bit is welded or bolted to the head end of the tool shank (1).
5. Piston machining tool according to claim 4, characterized in that the tool shank (1) is embodied as a rectangular shank.
6. The piston machining tool according to any one of claims 1 to 5, characterized in that the end surface inner bore machining portion (2) and the outer circle machining portion (3) are arranged separately and are connected to both sides of the head end of the tool bar (1).
7. The piston machining tool according to claim 6, characterized in that the two side walls of the end surface inner hole machining part (2) and the outer circle machining part (3) are installed on the cutter bar (1) and gradually expand outwards from the middle part to the head end, the side wall of the cutter bar (1) is in smooth transition with the lateral cutting edge of the end surface inner hole machining part (2) and the lateral cutting edge of the outer circle machining part (3), and the head end surface of the cutter bar (1) is in smooth transition with the end cutting edge of the end surface inner hole machining part (2) and the end cutting edge of the outer circle machining part (3).
8. The piston machining tool according to any one of claims 1 to 5, characterized in that the end face inner bore machining portion (2) and the outer circle machining portion (3) are integrally formed and integrally connected to the end face of the head end of the tool shank (1).
9. The piston machining tool according to claim 8, characterized in that the tool bar (1) is a stepped bar with a width at the head end smaller than that at the tail end, the side wall of the end surface inner hole machining part (2) mounted on the tool bar (1) gradually expands outwards from the middle step to the head end, the side wall of the tool bar (1) and the lateral cutting edge of the end surface inner hole machining part (2) are in smooth transition, and the end of the end surface inner hole machining part (2) and the end of the outer circular machining part (3) are in smooth transition to the cutting edge.
10. A piston machining lathe comprising a bed and a piston machining tool mounted on the bed, wherein the piston machining tool is specifically the piston machining tool according to any one of claims 1 to 9.
CN201921175283.8U 2019-07-24 2019-07-24 Piston machining cutter and piston machining lathe with same Active CN210172564U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921175283.8U CN210172564U (en) 2019-07-24 2019-07-24 Piston machining cutter and piston machining lathe with same

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921175283.8U CN210172564U (en) 2019-07-24 2019-07-24 Piston machining cutter and piston machining lathe with same

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN210172564U true CN210172564U (en) 2020-03-24

Family

ID=69841612

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201921175283.8U Active CN210172564U (en) 2019-07-24 2019-07-24 Piston machining cutter and piston machining lathe with same

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN210172564U (en)

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