CN210160700U - Screw locking mechanism and automatic screw locking machine - Google Patents

Screw locking mechanism and automatic screw locking machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210160700U
CN210160700U CN201920796731.XU CN201920796731U CN210160700U CN 210160700 U CN210160700 U CN 210160700U CN 201920796731 U CN201920796731 U CN 201920796731U CN 210160700 U CN210160700 U CN 210160700U
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China
Prior art keywords
screw
mounting plate
locking mechanism
screw locking
screwdriver
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CN201920796731.XU
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Chinese (zh)
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陈冰冰
陈胜宏
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Beijing Haidian Zhongke Computing Technology Transfer Center
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SOUTH CHINA INSTITUTE OF COMPUTING TECHNOLOGY
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a lock screw mechanism and auto-screwdriving machine, lock screw mechanism include: screw chuck, determine module and conveying pipeline, conveying pipeline one end connect in the screw chuck, the other end is used for being connected with screw feed mechanism, determine module set up in by the conveying pipeline, determine module includes the detecting element, the detecting element is used for detecting the screw quantity that the conveying pipeline was carried at every turn, above-mentioned lock screw mechanism can effectively avoid the screw chuck to block up, guarantees that the auto-screwdriving machine lasts smoothly and moves, effectively improves the operational reliability of auto-screwdriving machine.

Description

Screw locking mechanism and automatic screw locking machine
Technical Field
The utility model relates to an automatic lock screw equipment technical field especially relates to a lock screw mechanism and automatic lock screw machine.
Background
The automatic screw locking machine is an automatic device which uses an automatic mechanism to replace hands to finish taking, placing and screwing screws, is widely applied at home and abroad, is mainly applied to automobile part production and automatic assembly of computers, display screens, motors, lamps, mobile phones, printers, circuit boards, batteries, instruments and the like, can greatly improve the production efficiency, reduce the production cost and improve the reliability.
However, in the working process of the conventional automatic screw locking machine, the screw is easily blocked in the screw chuck, so that the automatic screw locking machine cannot work normally.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
Therefore, it is necessary to provide a screw locking mechanism and an automatic screw locking machine for solving the above technical problems, in which the screw locking mechanism can effectively prevent the screw chuck from being blocked, ensure the automatic screw locking machine to continuously and smoothly operate, and effectively improve the operational reliability of the automatic screw locking machine.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model provides a lock screw mechanism, screw chuck, determine module and conveying pipeline, conveying pipeline one end connect in the screw chuck, the other end is used for being connected with screw feed mechanism, determine module set up in by the conveying pipeline, determine module includes detecting element, detecting element is used for detecting the screw quantity that the conveying pipeline was carried at every turn.
Compared with the background art, the screw locking mechanism at least has the following beneficial effects: in the course of the work, when the detecting element detects that there are two or more screws to carry in the conveying pipeline in succession, lock screw work is not carried out to lock screw mechanism, outwards discharge all screws from the screw chuck after, carry out next screw again and carry, when only one screw was carried in detecting the conveying pipeline until detecting element, lock screw work is just carried out to lock screw mechanism to this guarantees that the screw is not blocked up in the screw chuck, thereby guarantee that automatic lock screw machine lasts smoothly and operate, effectively improve automatic lock screw machine's operational reliability.
In one embodiment, the detection assembly further comprises a support for mounting the detection unit, the support is provided with a limiting part, and the limiting part is used for limiting the position of the conveying pipe, so that the detection unit and the conveying pipe are close to each other.
In one embodiment, the screwdriver further comprises a first mounting plate, an electric screwdriver and a driver, wherein the screwdriver chuck is mounted on the first mounting plate, the electric screwdriver is movably mounted on the first mounting plate, and the driver is used for driving the electric screwdriver to move so as to combine or separate the electric screwdriver and the screwdriver chuck.
In one embodiment, the electric screwdriver further comprises a second mounting plate, a sliding rail is arranged on the first mounting plate, a sliding block matched with the sliding rail is arranged on one side of the second mounting plate, and the other side of the second mounting plate is used for mounting the electric screwdriver.
In one embodiment, the electric screwdriver further comprises a first support, a plurality of adjusting holes arranged in the longitudinal direction are formed in the second mounting plate, the first support is connected with any adjusting hole, and the electric screwdriver is mounted on the first support.
In one embodiment, the first support comprises a first clamping piece and a second clamping piece, one of the first clamping piece and the second clamping piece is mounted on the second mounting plate, and the first clamping piece is connected with the second clamping piece to clamp the electric batch.
In one embodiment, the electric screwdriver further comprises a buffering assembly installed on the first installation plate, wherein the buffering assembly comprises a buffering member used for buffering the combination force of the electric screwdriver and the screw chuck.
In one embodiment, the buffer assembly further comprises an adjusting nut, the buffer member is provided with a threaded portion in the vertical direction, and the adjusting nut is matched with the threaded portion to adjust the distance between the buffer member and the second mounting plate.
In one embodiment, a second support is arranged on the first mounting plate, and the screw clamp is fixedly mounted on the second support.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model also provides an automatic screw locking machine, automatic screw locking machine include: controller, screw feed mechanism and above-mentioned lock screw mechanism, the screw feed mechanism with the detecting element all with controller electric connection.
Since the automatic screw locking machine adopts all the embodiments of the screw locking mechanism, at least all the beneficial effects of the embodiments are achieved, and no further description is given here.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a screw locking mechanism according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an exploded view of the screw locking mechanism of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a detection assembly in the screw locking mechanism of FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of a second mounting plate of the screw locking mechanism of FIG. 1;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a first seat in the screw locking mechanism of FIG. 1;
fig. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of a buffering assembly in the screw locking mechanism of fig. 1.
10. The screw clamp comprises a screw clamp body, 20, a detection assembly, 21, a detection unit, 22, a support, 221, a limiting part, 30, a first mounting plate, 31, a sliding rail, 32, a second support, 40, a screwdriver, 50, a driver, 60, a second mounting plate, 61, a sliding block, 62, an adjusting hole, 70, a first support, 71, a first clamping piece, 72, a second clamping piece, 80, a buffering assembly, 81, a buffering piece, 82, an adjusting nut, 90 and a conveying pipe.
Detailed Description
In order to facilitate understanding of the present invention, the present invention will be described more fully hereinafter with reference to the accompanying drawings. The preferred embodiments of the present invention are shown in the drawings. The invention may, however, be embodied in many different forms and should not be construed as limited to the embodiments set forth herein. Rather, these embodiments are provided so that this disclosure will be thorough and complete.
It will be understood that when an element is referred to as being "secured to" another element, it can be directly on the other element or intervening elements may also be present. When an element is referred to as being "connected" to another element, it can be directly connected to the other element or intervening elements may also be present. In contrast, when an element is referred to as being "directly on" another element, there are no intervening elements present. In the present invention, the terms "first" and "second" do not denote any particular quantity or order, but are merely used to distinguish names.
As shown in fig. 1 to 3, a screw locking mechanism includes: screw chuck 10, detection module 20 and conveying pipeline 90, conveying pipeline 90 one end is connected in screw chuck 10, and the other end is used for being connected with screw feed mechanism, and detection module 20 sets up by conveying pipeline 90, and detection module 20 includes detecting element 21, and detecting element 21 is used for detecting the screw quantity that conveying pipeline 90 carried at every turn.
Above-mentioned lock screw mechanism is in the course of the work, when detecting element 21 detects that there is two or more screws in conveying pipeline 90 to carry in succession, lock screw mechanism does not carry out lock screw work, outwards discharge all screws from screw chuck 10 after, carry out next screw again and carry, when detecting element 21 detects only one screw in conveying pipeline 90 and carries, lock screw mechanism just carries out lock screw work, guarantee with this that the screw is not blocked up in screw chuck 10, thereby guarantee that the auto-lock screw machine lasts smoothly and operate, effectively improve the operational reliability of auto-lock screw machine.
Specifically, the detection unit 21 may be a sensor.
In one embodiment, please refer to fig. 1 and 3, the detecting assembly 20 further includes a bracket 22 for mounting the detecting unit 21, the bracket 22 is provided with a position-limiting portion 221, and the position-limiting portion 221 is used for limiting the position of the feeding pipe 90, so that the detecting unit 21 and the feeding pipe 90 are close to each other. Spacing portion 221 sets up on being close to the position of detecting element 21, and conveying pipeline 90 penetrates spacing portion 221 back, and detecting element 21 and conveying pipeline 90 are close to each other to improve the detection precision of detecting element 21 to screw conveying quantity.
In an embodiment, referring to fig. 1 and 2, the screw driving mechanism further includes a first mounting plate 30, an electric screwdriver 40 and a driver 50, the screwdriver head 10 is mounted on the first mounting plate 30, the electric screwdriver 40 is movably mounted on the first mounting plate 30, and the driver 50 is used for driving the electric screwdriver 40 to move so as to couple or decouple the electric screwdriver 40 with or from the screwdriver head 10. When the detecting unit 21 detects that two or more screws are continuously conveyed, the driver 50 and the screwdriver 40 are not operated, and the screwdriver 40 is separated from the screwdriver chuck 10, when the detecting unit 21 conveys one screw, the driver 50 drives the screwdriver 40 to move towards the direction close to the screwdriver chuck 10, so that the screwdriver 40 is combined with the screwdriver chuck 10 and performs a screw locking operation.
Specifically, the driver 50 may be a pneumatic cylinder.
Further, please refer to fig. 1, fig. 2 and fig. 4, the screw locking mechanism further includes a second mounting plate 60, the first mounting plate 30 is provided with a slide rail 31, one side of the second mounting plate 60 is provided with a slide block 61 for matching with the slide rail 31, and the other side of the second mounting plate 60 is used for mounting the electric screwdriver 40. The screwdriver 40 can stably slide along the guide of the slide rail 31 after being installed on the second installation plate 60, so that the situation that the screwdriver 40 cannot be aligned with the screwdriver chuck 10 due to displacement in the moving process can be avoided, and the screw locking mechanism can work more stably and reliably.
Specifically, referring to fig. 1 and fig. 2, the output end of the driver 50 is connected to the second mounting plate 60, and the driver 50 drives the second mounting plate 60 to move along the slide rail 31, so as to drive the electric screwdriver 40 to move.
Further, with reference to fig. 4, the screw locking mechanism further includes a first support 70, the second mounting plate 60 is provided with a plurality of adjusting holes 62 arranged along the longitudinal direction, the first support 70 is connected to any adjusting hole 62, and the screwdriver 40 is mounted on the first support 70. When the screwdriver 40 with different sizes is replaced, the first support 70 can be connected to the adjusting holes 62 with different height positions, so that the moving range of the replaced screwdriver 40 is matched with the position of the screwdriver head 10, the screw locking mechanism is matched with the screwdriver 40 with different models, and the application range of the automatic screw locking mechanism is effectively enlarged.
Further, with continued reference to fig. 1, 2 and 5, the first bracket 70 includes a first clip member 71 and a second clip member 72, one of the first clip member 71 and the second clip member 72 is mounted on the second mounting plate 60, and the first clip member 71 is connected to the second clip member 72 to clamp the electric batch 40. Specifically, the first clamping piece 71 is mounted on the second mounting plate 60, the second clamping piece 72 is connected to the first clamping piece 71, when the electric screwdriver 40 is replaced, the second clamping piece 72 can be detached from the first clamping piece 71, then the electric screwdriver 40 is taken out and replaced, and then the second clamping piece 72 is reconnected with the first clamping piece 71 again to clamp and fix the electric screwdriver 40, which is very convenient. Of course, the second clip member 72 can be mounted on the second mounting plate 60, and the first clip member 71 can be connected to the second clip member 72, the operation principle and effect are the same as those described above, and detailed description is omitted.
In an embodiment, referring to fig. 1, fig. 2 and fig. 6, the screw locking mechanism further includes a buffering assembly 80 mounted on the first mounting plate 30, the buffering assembly 80 includes a buffering member 81, and the buffering member 81 is used for buffering a coupling force between the screwdriver 40 and the screwdriver chuck 10. Specifically, the buffer 81 is located below the second mounting plate 60, when the driver 50 drives the second mounting plate 60 to move toward the screwdriver bit 10, the screwdriver 40 moves along with the second mounting plate, and when the second mounting plate 60 collides against the buffer 81, the buffer 81 offsets a part of the driving force of the driver 50, so as to play a role in buffering the bonding force between the screwdriver 40 and the screwdriver bit 10 and prevent the screwdriver 40 or the screwdriver bit 10 from being damaged.
In an embodiment, with continued reference to fig. 1, 2 and 6, the buffering assembly 80 further includes an adjusting nut 82, the buffering member 81 is provided with a threaded portion along the vertical direction, and the adjusting nut 82 is matched with the threaded portion to adjust the distance between the buffering member 81 and the second mounting plate 60. After the electric screwdriver 40 is replaced, the vertical mounting position of the buffer member 81 can be changed by screwing the adjusting nut 82, so that the distance between the buffer member 81 and the second mounting plate 60 is changed, and the buffer position interval of the buffer member 81 is adapted to electric screwdrivers 40 with different model sizes.
In an embodiment, please refer to fig. 1 and fig. 2, the first mounting plate 30 is provided with a second support 32, and the screw clamp 10 is fixedly mounted on the second support 32.
Further, referring to fig. 1, fig. 2 and fig. 6, a mounting hole for mounting the buffer member 81 is formed in the second support 32, the adjusting nut 82 abuts against the mounting hole, and the vertical mounting position of the buffer member 81 in the mounting hole can be changed by screwing the adjusting nut 82, so that the distance between the buffer member 81 and the second mounting plate 60 is changed.
An auto-screwdriving machine, comprising: the screw feeding mechanism and the detection unit 21 are electrically connected with the controller.
Since the automatic screw locking machine adopts all the embodiments of the screw locking mechanism, at least all the beneficial effects of the embodiments are achieved, and no further description is given here.
Further, the electric screwdriver 40 and the driver 50 are both electrically connected to the controller, when the detecting unit 21 detects that two or more screws are continuously conveyed, the driver 50 and the electric screwdriver 40 are not operated, and at this time, the electric screwdriver 40 is separated from the screw driver 10, the screw supplying mechanism supplies air to the conveying pipe, all the screws are discharged from the screw driver 10 by air pressure, and when one screw is conveyed by the detecting unit 21, the driver 50 drives the electric screwdriver 40 to move towards the direction close to the screw driver 10, so that the electric screwdriver 40 is combined with the screw driver 10 and performs a screw locking operation.
The technical features of the embodiments described above may be arbitrarily combined, and for the sake of brevity, all possible combinations of the technical features in the embodiments described above are not described, but should be considered as being within the scope of the present specification as long as there is no contradiction between the combinations of the technical features.
The above-mentioned embodiments only represent some embodiments of the present invention, and the description thereof is specific and detailed, but not to be construed as limiting the scope of the present invention. It should be noted that, for those skilled in the art, without departing from the spirit of the present invention, several variations and modifications can be made, which are within the scope of the present invention. Therefore, the protection scope of the present invention should be subject to the appended claims.

Claims (10)

1. A screw locking mechanism, characterized in that, the screw locking mechanism include: screw chuck, determine module and conveying pipeline, conveying pipeline one end connect in the screw chuck, the other end is used for being connected with screw feeding mechanism, determine module set up in by the conveying pipeline, determine module includes the detecting element, the detecting element is used for detecting the screw quantity that the conveying pipeline was carried at every turn.
2. The screw locking mechanism of claim 1, wherein the detection assembly further comprises a bracket for mounting the detection unit, the bracket being provided with a position limiting portion for limiting the position of the delivery conduit so that the detection unit and the delivery conduit are close to each other.
3. The screw locking mechanism of claim 1, further comprising a first mounting plate, an electric screwdriver and a driver, wherein the screwdriver chuck is mounted on the first mounting plate, the electric screwdriver is movably mounted on the first mounting plate, and the driver is used for driving the electric screwdriver to move so as to combine or separate the electric screwdriver with the screwdriver chuck.
4. The screw locking mechanism according to claim 3, further comprising a second mounting plate, wherein a slide rail is disposed on the first mounting plate, a slide block for cooperating with the slide rail is disposed on one side of the second mounting plate, and the other side of the second mounting plate is used for mounting the electric screwdriver.
5. The screw locking mechanism according to claim 4, further comprising a first support, wherein the second mounting plate is provided with a plurality of adjusting holes arranged along the longitudinal direction, the first support is connected with any adjusting hole, and the electric screwdriver is mounted on the first support.
6. The screw locking mechanism of claim 5, wherein the first bracket comprises a first clip member and a second clip member, one of the first clip member and the second clip member being mounted on the second mounting plate, the first clip member being connected to the second clip member to clamp the electric screwdriver.
7. The screw locking mechanism according to claim 4, further comprising a buffer assembly mounted on the first mounting plate, wherein the buffer assembly comprises a buffer member for buffering a coupling force between the screwdriver and the screw chuck.
8. The screw locking mechanism according to claim 7, wherein the buffer member further comprises an adjusting nut, the buffer member is provided with a threaded portion along a vertical direction, and the adjusting nut is matched with the threaded portion to adjust a distance between the buffer member and the second mounting plate.
9. The screw locking mechanism according to any one of claims 3 to 8, wherein a second support is provided on the first mounting plate, and the screw chuck is fixedly mounted on the second support.
10. An auto-screwdriving machine, characterized in that, the auto-screwdriving machine include: a controller, a screw feeding mechanism and the screw locking mechanism according to any one of claims 1 to 9, the screw feeding mechanism and the detection unit being electrically connected to the controller.
CN201920796731.XU 2019-05-30 2019-05-30 Screw locking mechanism and automatic screw locking machine Active CN210160700U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920796731.XU CN210160700U (en) 2019-05-30 2019-05-30 Screw locking mechanism and automatic screw locking machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920796731.XU CN210160700U (en) 2019-05-30 2019-05-30 Screw locking mechanism and automatic screw locking machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN210160700U true CN210160700U (en) 2020-03-20

Family

ID=69792905

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201920796731.XU Active CN210160700U (en) 2019-05-30 2019-05-30 Screw locking mechanism and automatic screw locking machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN210160700U (en)

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GR01 Patent grant
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TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20230904

Address after: 919, 8th Floor, No. 8 Haidian North Second Street, Haidian District, Beijing, 100000

Patentee after: Beijing Haidian Zhongke Computing Technology Transfer Center

Address before: 6th Floor, R&D Building, No. 3 Deliang Desheng East Road, Shunde District, Foshan City, Guangdong Province, 528300

Patentee before: SOUTH CHINA INSTITUTE OF COMPUTING TECHNOLOGY

TR01 Transfer of patent right