CN210108811U - Food quality safety inspection's crushing sampling device - Google Patents

Food quality safety inspection's crushing sampling device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210108811U
CN210108811U CN201920723162.6U CN201920723162U CN210108811U CN 210108811 U CN210108811 U CN 210108811U CN 201920723162 U CN201920723162 U CN 201920723162U CN 210108811 U CN210108811 U CN 210108811U
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chamber
grinding
pivot
wall
food
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CN201920723162.6U
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杨文耀
张瑛琦
王思远
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杨文耀
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a food quality safety inspection's crushing sampling device, including the casing and be used for bearing the landing leg of supporting role, casing inner chamber mid-mounting division board, the division board separates casing inner chamber for cutting up the chamber and milling the chamber, mill the chamber bottom and open there is the discharge gate, the installing support in the discharge gate cup joints the one end of pivot on the support, the output shaft of motor is connected to the other end of pivot, cut up intracavity installation and cut up the mechanism, it has a plurality of sieve meshes to open on the division board, cup joint the piece of grinding in the pivot of the intracavity of milling, a plurality of grit are all installed on the outer wall of the piece of grinding and the inner wall in chamber of. The motor drives the pivot and rotates, and food is cutting up the intracavity and is tentatively smashed through the cutting mechanism cutting, and the less food granule after the chopping falls to the piece of grinding and the chamber of grinding through the sieve mesh between, and the piece of grinding makes the food granule grind, grind by the grit between the piece of grinding and the chamber of grinding through the pivot for the food granule is smashed completely, the sample of being convenient for.

Description

Food quality safety inspection's crushing sampling device
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a food detection technology field specifically is a food quality safety inspection's crushing sampling device.
Background
The food quality safety detection is to detect whether the material elements in the food meet the national standard according to the national indexes, the detected food needs to be preprocessed before the food safety detection, wherein, a plurality of foods need to be crushed and then sampled for detection, generally speaking, the treatment modes of the crushed air-dried foods and the crushed fresh foods are different, the air-dried foods need to be added with a solvent for stirring to extract substances in food powder for detection after being crushed, the fresh foods are extruded after being crushed to collect juice for subsequent treatment and then are detected, the prior crushing device can only crush food and can not extrude and filter fresh food, and crushing mostly adopts the unipolar to rotate and cuts up through the chopper, and the food granule is still great after smashing, and the effect is not good, for this reason we provide a crushing sampling device of food quality safety inspection for solving above-mentioned problem.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to provide a food quality safety inspection's crushing sampling device to solve the problem that proposes in the above-mentioned background art.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model provides a following technical scheme: the utility model provides a food quality safety inspection's crushing sampling device, includes the casing and is used for bearing the landing leg of supporting role, casing inner chamber middle part fixed mounting division board, the division board is separated casing inner chamber from the top down for cutting up the chamber and the chamber of milling, it has the discharge gate to mill the chamber bottom and open, fixed mounting support in the discharge gate, rotate the one end that cup joints the pivot on the support, the other end of pivot runs through the division board and rotates to cup joint and cut up the chamber top, fixed mounting motor on the casing roof, the output shaft fixed connection pivot of motor, cut up intracavity installation shredding mechanism, it has a plurality of sieve meshes to open on the division board, fixed cover in the pivot in the chamber of milling is ground the piece, equal a plurality of grit of fixed mounting on the outer wall of grinding piece and the inner wall in grinding chamber, install spiral track in the pivot in the discharge gate, the one end of connecting pipe is cup jointed through helicitic texture in the discharge gate of support bottom, the one end inner wall fixed mounting filter screen that the connecting pipe is close to the support, the bottom inner chamber of connecting pipe cup joints through helicitic texture and collects the box.
Preferably, the mincing mechanism includes sun gear, sun gear is fixed to be cup jointed on the output shaft of motor, the fixed ring gear that cup joints in shredding chamber top, it has the guide slot to open on the division board, the one end of joint planet axle slides in the guide slot of pivot both sides, the other end of planet axle stretches into between sun gear and ring gear and fixed connection planetary gear, planetary gear's both sides mesh sun gear's outer wall and the inner wall of ring gear respectively, a plurality of chopper of crisscross installation on the outer wall of pivot and planet axle.
Preferably, the specification parameters of the two planetary gears are the same, the circle center connecting line of the two planetary gears passes through the circle center of the central gear, and the chopping knife at the bottom of the planetary shaft is tightly attached to the top of the separation plate.
Preferably, the bottom of grinding chamber and the piece of milling is half spherical structure, and the hemisphere diameter in grinding chamber is greater than the hemisphere diameter of the piece of milling, and the bottom of the chamber of milling and the piece of milling is tangent, the top of the piece of milling is circular cone structure, grind the grit between chamber and the piece of milling and follow down mesh number crescent, the diameter of sieve mesh is less than the interval of the piece top outer wall of milling and the intracavity wall of milling.
Preferably, the support includes backup pad and bracing piece, rotate in the backup pad and cup joint the one end of pivot, the one end of a plurality of bracing pieces of fixed mounting on the backup pad outer wall, the other end fixed connection of bracing piece is on the inner wall of discharge gate.
Preferably, the connecting pipe is of a circular truncated cone structure, and the outer diameter of the top of the connecting pipe is the same as that of the collecting box.
Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are that: the grinding machine is characterized in that food is primarily cut and crushed through a chopping mechanism, then is rolled and ground through a grinding block and a grinding cavity, and fully crushes a food sample through abrasive grains with gradually reduced distance between the grinding block and the grinding cavity and gradually increased mesh number to form fine grains, so that the food is conveniently crushed; the crushed particles are conveyed to the lower part of the discharge port through the spiral track, when juice samples need to be collected, the bottom of the discharge port is provided with the connecting pipe, the sample particles are extruded through the spiral track and the filter screen, so that the juice is extruded and falls into the collecting box, if the crushed samples need to be collected, such as air-dried food, the connecting pipe is removed, the collecting box is directly connected with the discharge port to collect sample powder, and the device has higher applicability; the central gear, the planetary gear and the gear ring form a planetary gear train, so that the planetary shaft drives the chopping knife to revolve around the rotating shaft while rotating, the rotation direction of the planetary shaft is opposite to the rotation direction of the rotating shaft, the chopping knife between the planetary shaft and the rotating shaft generates shearing force on food, the food is convenient to crush, the food in the chopping cavity is fully cut and crushed in the revolution process of the planetary shaft, and the chopping efficiency is high.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the shredder mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged schematic view of the structure at A of FIG. 1 according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of a partial structure of the bracket of the present invention;
fig. 5 is an enlarged schematic view of the structure at B in fig. 1 according to the present invention.
In the figure: 1 casing, 2 division boards, 3 shredding chambers, 4 grinding chambers, 5 discharge ports, 6 rotating shafts, 7 motors, 8 shredding mechanisms, 81 central gears, 82 planetary gears, 83 toothed rings, 84 planetary shafts, 85 shredding knives, 86 guide grooves, 9 sieve holes, 10 grinding blocks, 11 abrasive particles, 12 supports, 121 supporting plates, 122 supporting rods, 13 spiral tracks, 14 connecting pipes, 15 filter screens and 16 collecting boxes.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative work belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-5, the present invention provides a technical solution: a crushing and sampling device for food quality safety detection comprises a machine shell 1 and supporting legs for bearing and supporting, wherein a partition plate 2 is fixedly installed in the middle of an inner cavity of the machine shell 1, the inner cavity of the machine shell 1 is divided into a chopping cavity 3 and a grinding cavity 4 from top to bottom by the partition plate 2, a feed inlet is communicated with the upper left end of the chopping cavity 3, a discharge outlet 5 is formed in the bottom of the grinding cavity 4, a support 12 is fixedly installed in the discharge outlet 5, one end of a rotating shaft 6 is rotatably sleeved on the support 12 (plays a role in stabilizing the rotating shaft 6), the other end of the rotating shaft 6 penetrates through the partition plate 2 and is rotatably sleeved on the top of the chopping cavity 3, a motor 7 is fixedly installed on a top plate of the machine shell 1, an output shaft of the motor 7 is fixedly connected with the rotating shaft 6, a chopping mechanism 8 is installed in the chopping cavity 3, a plurality of sieve holes 9 are formed in the partition plate 2, a grinding block 10 is fixedly sleeved on the, a spiral track 13 is arranged on a rotating shaft 6 in a discharge port 5, one end of a connecting pipe 14 is sleeved in the discharge port 5 at the bottom of a support 12 through a threaded structure, a filter screen 15 is fixedly arranged on the inner wall of one end, close to the support 12, of the connecting pipe 14, and a collecting box 16 is sleeved in an inner cavity at the bottom of the connecting pipe 14 through a threaded structure. The motor 7 drives the rotating shaft 6 to rotate, so that food is cut by the shredding mechanism 8 in the shredding cavity 3 for primary crushing, the food particles fall through the sieve holes 9 when being small, the food particles cannot fall down when being larger than the sieve holes 9 and are repeatedly cut, the cut particles are small, the small particles fall between the grinding block 10 and the grinding cavity 4 through the sieve holes 9, the grinding block 10 enables the food particles to be ground and ground between the grinding block 10 and the grinding cavity 4 through the rotating shaft 6 by the abrasive particles 11, so that the food particles are completely crushed, fine particles are finally formed and fall into the discharge hole 5, the connecting pipe 14 is in a circular truncated cone structure, the outer diameter of the top of the connecting pipe 14 is the same as that of the collecting box 16, so that the collecting box 16 can be directly connected with the discharge hole 5 through threads, the collecting box can be selected according to situations, and the size of the collecting box 16 is not limited to the illustration in, as long as the size of the mouth of the cartridge 16 is such that it can be screwed normally.
When a juice sample is to be collected, the connecting pipe 14 is arranged at the bottom of the discharge port 5, sample particles are extruded through the spiral track 13 and the filter screen 15, and thus juice is extruded and falls into the collecting box 16; if the filter screen 15 is not needed for collecting the powder sample, the connecting pipe 14 is removed, and the collecting box 16 is directly connected with the discharge port 5 to collect the sample powder.
The shredding mechanism 8 comprises a central gear 81, the central gear 81 is fixedly sleeved on an output shaft of the motor 7, a toothed ring 83 is fixedly sleeved on the top of the shredding cavity 3, a guide groove 86 (the guide groove 86 is a downward groove) is formed in the partition plate 2, one end of a planetary shaft 84 is slidably clamped in the guide groove 86 on two sides of the rotating shaft 6, the other end of the planetary shaft 84 extends into a space between the central gear 81 and the toothed ring 83 and is fixedly connected with the planetary gear 82, two sides of the planetary gear 82 are respectively engaged with the outer wall of the central gear 81 and the inner wall of the toothed ring 83, a plurality of shredding knives 85 are installed on the outer walls of the rotating shaft 6 and the planetary shaft 84 in a staggered mode, when the motor 7 drives the rotating shaft 6 to rotate, the central gear 81 drives the planetary gear 82 to rotate, the planetary gear 82 revolves around the central gear 81 through the toothed ring 83, the planetary shaft 84 drives the shredding knives 85 to rotate and revolve around the rotating shaft 6, and the rotating direction of the, so that the chopping knife 85 between the planet shaft 84 and the rotating shaft 6 generates shearing force to the food, which is convenient for crushing the food, and the planet shaft 84 fully cuts the food in the chopping cavity 3 in the revolution process, which is convenient for the primary crushing of the food.
The specification parameters of the two planetary gears 82 are the same, and the circle center connecting line of the two planetary gears 82 passes through the circle center of the central gear 81, so that the two planetary shafts 84 are always positioned at two sides of the rotating shaft 6, collision of the planetary shafts 84 is avoided, the chopping knife 85 at the bottom of the planetary shafts 84 is tightly attached to the top of the partition plate 2, and materials are prevented from being stacked on the partition plate 2.
The bottom of grinding chamber 4 and the piece 10 of milling is half spherical structure, and the hemisphere diameter of the chamber 4 of milling is greater than the hemisphere diameter of the piece 10 of milling, and the bottom of the chamber 4 of milling and the piece 10 of milling is tangent, then the chamber 4 of milling and the piece 10 interval from the top down of milling reduce gradually, be convenient for carry out fully to roll the food granule and smash, the top of the piece 10 of milling is coniform structure, be convenient for food granule flow direction grinds between chamber 4 and the piece 10 of milling and roll, it is crescent (be the particle size diminishes while density increases) from last mesh number down to grind the grit 11 between chamber 4 and the piece 10 of milling, make food granule mill more tiny gradually, the diameter of sieve mesh 9 is less than the outer wall of grinding 10 top and the interval of the 4 inner walls of the chamber of milling, ensure that the food granule homoenergetic that the sieve mesh 9 falls down falls into between the outer wall of grinding 10 top of the piece and the.
Support 12 includes backup pad 121 and bracing piece 122, rotates the one end that cup joints pivot 6 in backup pad 121, the one end of a plurality of bracing pieces 122 of fixed mounting on the backup pad 121 outer wall, and bracing piece 122's other end fixed connection is on the inner wall of discharge gate 5, rotates relatively between support 12 and the pivot 6, plays the epaxial stable additional action of countershaft 6.
The working principle is as follows: when the utility model is used, food is fed into the chopping cavity 3 from the feed inlet, the motor 7 is powered by an external power supply, then the rotating shaft 6 is driven to rotate, the central gear 81 drives the planetary gear 82 to rotate, so that the planetary gear 82 rotates and revolves around the central gear 81 through the gear ring 83 at the same time, the planetary shaft 84 drives the chopping knife 85 to rotate and revolves around the rotating shaft 6, the rotation direction of the planetary shaft 84 is opposite to the rotation direction of the rotating shaft 6, so that the chopping knife 85 between the planetary shaft 84 and the rotating shaft 6 generates shearing force on the food, the food is convenient to crush, in the revolution process of the planetary shaft 84, the food in the chopping cavity 3 is fully cut, the food is convenient to be crushed preliminarily, the sieve mesh 9 screens the food particles after preliminary crushing, larger particles are left in the chopping cavity 3 to be cut and crushed, the smaller particles after cutting fall on the grinding block 10 through the sieve mesh 9 and flow into the grinding block 10 and the grinding cavity 4, grinding block 10 makes food particle grind 10 and grind the chamber 4 within a definite time by grit 11 through pivot 6 and rolls, grind, thereby make food particle smash completely, finally form tiny granule and fall into discharge gate 5 in, when only needing to collect juice, discharge gate 5 bottom installation connecting pipe 14, sample particle passes through spiral track 13 and filter screen 15 extrusion, thereby fall into collection box 16 with the juice extrusion, if will collect and smash the thing if when air-dry class food, then demolish connecting pipe 14, it collects sample powder directly to connect discharge gate 5 with collection box 16, the powder particle is tiny, be convenient for the solvent extraction active ingredient.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides a food quality safety inspection's crushing sampling device, includes casing (1) and is used for bearing the landing leg of supporting role, its characterized in that: casing (1) inner chamber middle part fixed mounting division board (2), division board (2) are separated casing (1) inner chamber from the top down for shredding chamber (3) and grinding chamber (4), grinding chamber (4) bottom is opened there is discharge gate (5), fixed mounting support (12) in discharge gate (5), rotate the one end that cup joints pivot (6) on support (12), the other end of pivot (6) runs through division board (2) and rotates and cup joint shredding chamber (3) top, fixed mounting motor (7) on casing (1) roof, output shaft fixed connection pivot (6) of motor (7), install shredding mechanism (8) in shredding chamber (3), it has a plurality of sieve meshes (9) to open on division board (2), fixed cover connects grinding block (10) on pivot (6) in grinding chamber (4), a plurality of grit of equal fixed mounting (11) on the outer wall of stone grinding block (10) and the inner wall of stone grinding chamber (4), installation spiral track (13) are gone up in pivot (6) in discharge gate (5), cup joint the one end of connecting pipe (14) through helicitic texture in discharge gate (5) of support (12) bottom, connecting pipe (14) are close to one end inner wall fixed mounting filter screen (15) of support (12), the bottom inner chamber of connecting pipe (14) cup joints through helicitic texture and collects box (16).
2. The crushing and sampling device for food quality safety inspection according to claim 1, characterized in that: shredding mechanism (8) include sun gear (81), sun gear (81) are fixed to be cup jointed on the output shaft of motor (7), shredding chamber (3) top is fixed to be cup jointed ring gear (83), division board (2) are gone up and are opened guide slot (86), the one end of joint planet axle (84) slides in guide slot (86) of pivot (6) both sides, the other end of planet axle (84) stretches into between sun gear (81) and ring gear (83) and fixed connection planetary gear (82), the both sides of planetary gear (82) mesh the outer wall of sun gear (81) and the inner wall of ring gear (83) respectively, crisscross a plurality of shredding knife (85) of installation on the outer wall of pivot (6) and planet axle (84).
3. The crushing and sampling device for food quality safety inspection according to claim 2, characterized in that: the specification parameters of the two planetary gears (82) are the same, the circle center connecting line of the two planetary gears (82) passes through the circle center of the central gear (81), and the chopping knife (85) at the bottom of the planetary shaft (84) is tightly attached to the top of the partition plate (2).
4. The crushing and sampling device for food quality safety inspection according to claim 1, characterized in that: the bottom of grinding chamber (4) and grinding block (10) is half spherical structure, and the half spherical diameter of grinding chamber (4) is greater than the half spherical diameter of grinding block (10), and the bottom of grinding chamber (4) and grinding block (10) is tangent, the top of grinding block (10) is circular cone structure, grind grit (11) between chamber (4) and grinding block (10) from last down mesh number crescent, the diameter of sieve mesh (9) is less than grinding block (10) top outer wall and the interval of grinding chamber (4) inner wall.
5. The crushing and sampling device for food quality safety inspection according to claim 1, characterized in that: support (12) are including backup pad (121) and bracing piece (122), the one end of cup jointing pivot (6) is rotated on backup pad (121), the one end of a plurality of bracing pieces of fixed mounting (122) on backup pad (121) outer wall, the other end fixed connection of bracing piece (122) is on the inner wall of discharge gate (5).
6. The crushing and sampling device for food quality safety inspection according to claim 1, characterized in that: the connecting pipe (14) is of a circular truncated cone structure, and the outer diameter of the top of the connecting pipe (14) is the same as that of the collecting box (16).
CN201920723162.6U 2019-05-20 2019-05-20 Food quality safety inspection's crushing sampling device Active CN210108811U (en)

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CN201920723162.6U CN210108811U (en) 2019-05-20 2019-05-20 Food quality safety inspection's crushing sampling device

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111141550A (en) * 2020-02-24 2020-05-12 吕梁学院 Sampling device for detecting microorganisms of agricultural products
CN111380731A (en) * 2020-04-21 2020-07-07 深圳市深大检测有限公司 Food organic matter detection device
CN111896695A (en) * 2020-07-17 2020-11-06 福建中检华日食品安全检测有限公司 Food detects with device of purification liquid

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111141550A (en) * 2020-02-24 2020-05-12 吕梁学院 Sampling device for detecting microorganisms of agricultural products
CN111141550B (en) * 2020-02-24 2022-06-28 吕梁学院 Sampling device for detecting microorganisms of agricultural products
CN111380731A (en) * 2020-04-21 2020-07-07 深圳市深大检测有限公司 Food organic matter detection device
CN111896695A (en) * 2020-07-17 2020-11-06 福建中检华日食品安全检测有限公司 Food detects with device of purification liquid

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