CN210087021U - Key-unlocking and motor-automatic-unlocking integrated intelligent lock - Google Patents

Key-unlocking and motor-automatic-unlocking integrated intelligent lock Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210087021U
CN210087021U CN201920231529.2U CN201920231529U CN210087021U CN 210087021 U CN210087021 U CN 210087021U CN 201920231529 U CN201920231529 U CN 201920231529U CN 210087021 U CN210087021 U CN 210087021U
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China
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main
lock
motor
mounting plate
shifting
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CN201920231529.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈阳平
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Sichuan Baojiaan Lock Industry Co Ltd
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Sichuan Baojiaan Lock Industry Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201920231529.2U priority Critical patent/CN210087021U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an integral type intelligence lock is opened with motor automation to key is provided with lock core plectrum, driving motor in the lock shell, and main spring bolt still is provided with movable motor mounting panel, and motor mounting panel is parallel with main mounting panel, main spring bolt, and main spring bolt tail end is alternately with the motor mounting panel. The right side of the motor mounting plate is fixedly provided with a driving motor and a shifting wheel driven by the driving motor, the tail end of the main spring bolt is provided with a shifting tooth, and the shifting wheel is meshed with the shifting tooth and drives the main spring bolt to stretch and retract. The edge of the left side of the motor mounting plate is a lock cylinder shifting sheet pushing edge which is meshed with the lock cylinder shifting sheet, and the motor mounting plate is pushed by the lock cylinder shifting sheet to move left and right, so that the shifting wheel is separated from and disengaged from the shifting teeth. The utility model has the advantages of simple structure, the integration that mechanical key opened and the electron is opened has been realized. The utility model discloses a structural design is reliable, because the utility model discloses an inner structure is succinct, the possibility that can very big reduction breaks down in the operation.

Description

Key-unlocking and motor-automatic-unlocking integrated intelligent lock
Technical Field
The utility model particularly relates to a lock, especially the key is opened and is opened the lock of integral type with the motor is automatic.
Background
The door lock is a device commonly used in our lives, and in normal lives, the door lock can be used no matter the door is out or enters the door every day.
Meanwhile, the door lock is an important device for ensuring the safety of our family life, and plays a role in protecting our family safety and preventing other people from illegally entering our houses and other private spaces.
The door lock is used very frequently, and can be used when people go out or enter the door every day, so that the door lock is very convenient to design, and the door lock is convenient to use for a high frequency, and does not occupy too much time and too much energy.
In the existing door lock technology, the mechanical lock opened by the key still occupies the mainstream of the market, and the key is adopted for opening, and the key is characterized in that: 1. the door lock is reliable to open, relatively simple in structure and generally free of mechanical failure. 2. Low production cost and low purchase price.
But mechanical key opening is more and more not suitable for the high-quality life requirement of people to modernization, mainly reflected in: 1. the key is relatively troublesome to unlock, and the key needs to be inserted and rotated by hand. 2. The key is required to be carried with a user when the user goes out at every time, and in the middle of the real life, the user often forgets to carry the key when the user goes out, so that the user cannot open the door by using the key and is locked outside the door. 3. Since the mechanical key is troublesome to open, it is not suitable for the elderly and children.
Therefore, in order to solve the problems, the intelligent lock appears on the market at present, the door lock is unlocked in the modes of fingerprints, pupils, chip cards, passwords and the like, the unlocking time and steps of people are greatly saved, and the intelligent lock can be unlocked without carrying a key.
The existing intelligent lock on the market has the following problems:
1. the structure of the intelligent lock body is complex, so that the production cost of the intelligent lock is high.
2. The door lock is unlocked by the motor-driven bolt in the intelligent lock, but the motor-driven part may break down at some time, for example, the battery is powered off, the motor-driven part has mechanical failure, the power connecting line is broken, and the like.
Therefore, there is a need to provide a door lock which has a simpler structure, is less expensive to produce, and can be unlocked by a key in the case of a failure of a motor driving part or in other cases, i.e., a door lock in which the key is automatically unlocked by a motor.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
In order to solve the problems, the safety and the safety of the user of the electronic lock are ensured, and the door lock has simple structure, low production cost, reliable structure and safety.
The utility model discloses an integral type intelligence lock is opened with motor automation to key is opened, including the lock shell, the internal surface of lock shell is main mounting panel. The main mounting plate is provided with a lock cylinder shifting piece, a driving motor and a main lock tongue. The front end of the main bolt is a main bolt head end extending outwards from the inside of the lock shell, and the rear end of the main bolt is a main bolt tail end.
The motor is characterized by also comprising a movable motor mounting plate, wherein the motor mounting plate is parallel to the main mounting plate and the main spring bolt, and the tail end of the main spring bolt is crossed with the motor mounting plate.
The motor mounting panel uses the flexible direction of main spring bolt as the axis, divide into motor mounting panel left side and motor mounting panel right side, is fixed with driving motor on motor mounting panel right side to and through driving motor driven thumb wheel, be provided with on main spring bolt tail end and dial the tooth, thumb wheel with dial the tooth meshing and drive the flexible action of main spring bolt.
The edge of the left side of the motor mounting plate is a lock cylinder shifting sheet pushing edge which is meshed with the lock cylinder shifting sheet, and the motor mounting plate is pushed by the lock cylinder shifting sheet to move left and right, so that the shifting wheel is separated from and disengaged from the shifting teeth.
The lock is characterized by also comprising a first shifting fork for driving the main lock tongue to stretch and retract, wherein the first shifting fork is of a lever structure, one end of the first shifting fork is provided with a shifting block meshed with the tail end of the main lock tongue, and the other end of the first shifting fork is provided with a shifting fork opening meshed with the lock cylinder shifting piece.
The key-operated and motor-operated automatic opening integrated intelligent lock is further described as having the motor mounting plate arranged between the main bolt and the main mounting plate. The pushing edge is a concave arc and takes the rotation center of the lock cylinder plectrum as the center of a circle.
The key-operated and motor-operated integrated intelligent lock further includes a first protrusion and a second protrusion, wherein the first protrusion and the second protrusion are disposed on the shifting fork. The first lug and the second lug are engaged with the lock cylinder shifting piece. The middle part of the shifting block is provided with a first pin shaft which is vertically arranged on the main mounting plate, and the shifting block rotates by taking the pin shaft as the center.
The main spring bolt on be provided with the chute, the setting aside the piece sets up in the chute, the setting aside the piece slides and promotes main spring bolt flexible action in the chute.
The key-operated and motor-operated automatic opening integrated intelligent lock further comprises a small lock tongue, a second shifting fork and a second pin shaft, wherein the second pin shaft is vertically arranged on the main mounting plate, and the middle part of the second shifting fork is sleeved on the second pin shaft and rotates by taking the second pin shaft as a center.
The second shifting fork is provided with a fourth lug and a fifth lug, and the fourth lug is meshed with the tail part of the small bolt.
The main spring bolt is provided with a push rod, the push rod is perpendicular to the telescopic direction of the main spring bolt, one end of the push rod is meshed with the fifth bump, and the other end of the push rod is meshed with the lock cylinder shifting piece. A first cam is arranged on the main bolt and meshed with the middle part of the push rod.
The key-operated and motor-operated integrated intelligent lock is further described as having the first rack as the dialing teeth, the second rack movably disposed on the first rack, and the first rack and the second rack are disposed side by side. The thumb wheel is a gear and is meshed with the first rack and the second rack simultaneously. The front end of the second rack is meshed with the first cam.
The key-operated and motor-operated integrated intelligent lock is further described as having a first rack and a second rack, wherein the first rack is located near the first cam.
The key-operated and motor-operated integrated intelligent lock further includes a third protrusion, and at least one third protrusion is disposed on the main bolt side by side. The thumb wheel is a second cam and is meshed with the third lug and the first cam.
The key-operated and motor-operated automatic opening integrated intelligent lock is characterized in that the motor mounting plate is provided with a first return spring for returning the motor mounting plate to the main bolt, so that the shifting wheel is meshed with the shifting teeth. The tail part of the small spring bolt is provided with a second reset spring which pushes the small spring bolt towards the lock shell to ensure that the small spring bolt keeps a lock closing state. The push rod is provided with a third return spring which is used for keeping the push rod and the lock cylinder plectrum in a state of waiting to be engaged. The second rack is provided with a fourth return spring, so that the front end of the second rack is separated from the first cam.
The key-operated and motor-operated automatic opening integrated intelligent lock further comprises a first sliding groove arranged on the main bolt, the first sliding groove is parallel to the telescopic direction of the main bolt, and the first sliding groove is sleeved on the first pin shaft.
The motor mounting panel is provided with a second sliding groove, the second sliding groove is perpendicular to the stretching direction of the main spring bolt, and the second sliding groove is sleeved on the first pin shaft.
The main spring bolt is provided with a third pin shaft, the push rod is provided with a third sliding groove, and the third sliding groove is perpendicular to the telescopic direction of the main spring bolt. The third sliding groove is sleeved on the third pin shaft, and the push rod moves perpendicular to the telescopic direction of the main lock tongue.
A fourth pin shaft is arranged on the first rack, a fourth sliding groove is arranged on the second rack, and the fourth sliding groove is parallel to the telescopic direction of the main spring bolt. The fourth sliding groove is sleeved on the fourth pin shaft, and the second rack moves in parallel to the telescopic direction of the main bolt.
The key-operated and motor-operated integrated intelligent lock is further described as having a protrusion disposed in the middle of the push rod, and the first cam extending into the protrusion to form engagement. The driving motor is connected with the shifting wheel through the speed change gear mechanism to realize power transmission. The first rack and the second rack are arranged on one side of the tail end of the main bolt close to the thumb wheel and are parallel to the telescopic direction of the main bolt.
The utility model has the advantages that:
the utility model has the advantages of simple structure, the integration that mechanical key opened and the electron is opened has been realized.
The utility model discloses a structural design is reliable, because the utility model discloses an inner structure is succinct, the possibility that can very big reduction breaks down in the operation.
The utility model discloses in the middle of the process of mechanical key unlocking lock, the transmission contact between automatic cutout driving motor and the spring bolt.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a motor mounting plate and a large bolt structure;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the parallel movement of the motor mounting plate;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of the lock cylinder shifting piece and the first shifting fork of the present invention;
fig. 4 is a schematic view of the first fork driving the retraction of the lock tongue of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural view of the push rod, the second fork and the small bolt of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the operation of the push rod, the second fork and the small bolt of the present invention;
fig. 7 is a schematic view of the structure of the second rack, the first cam, the push rod and the cooperation of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic view of the gear driving the retraction of the first rack;
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of the gear driving the first rack to extend the large bolt out of the housing;
FIG. 10 is a schematic view of the second cam pulling the third protrusion to extend the large bolt out of the housing;
FIG. 11 is a schematic view of the second cam pulling the third protrusion to retract the large bolt;
FIG. 12 is a right side view of the push rod driven by the second cam driving the third protrusion;
fig. 13 is a schematic view of a second rack configuration.
Wherein: a main mounting plate 1; a main bolt 2; a main bolt tail end 3; a motor mounting plate 4; a lock cylinder plectrum 5; a drive motor 6; a chute 7; a first chute 8; a second chute 9; a change gear 10; a first return spring 11; a pushing edge 12; a first pin 13; a first bump 14; a second bump 15; a shifting block 16; a push rod 17; a third pin 18; a first cam 19; a third chute 20; a second return spring 21; a fifth bump 22; a small bolt 23; a second fork 24; a fourth bump 25; a third bump 26; a second cam 27; a gear 28; the seventh bump 29; a second rack 30; a fourth chute 31; the fourth pin shaft 32; a fourth return spring 33; a first rack 34.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention clearer, the technical solutions of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the embodiments of the present invention and the accompanying drawings 1 to 13.
The utility model comprises a lock shell, the inner surface of which is a main mounting plate 1; the main mounting plate is provided with a lock cylinder shifting piece 5, a driving motor 6 and a main lock tongue 2; the front end of the main bolt is the head end of the main bolt which extends outwards from the inside of the lock shell, and the rear end of the main bolt is the tail end 3 of the main bolt.
The main spring bolt is planar block-shaped, and the totality is rectangle, and the part that stretches out the lock shell when closing the lock is main spring bolt head end, and corresponding rear end is main spring bolt tail end, and for the convenience of description, the line of the tail end of main spring bolt to the head end of main spring bolt is the axis, divide into main spring bolt left end and main spring bolt right-hand member, and wherein be close to lock core plectrum 5 be the left end of main spring bolt.
Referring to fig. 1 and 2, a motor mounting plate 4 is arranged between a main bolt 2 and a main mounting plate 1, a tail end 3 of the main bolt covers the motor mounting plate, and the motor mounting plate is divided into a left side and a right side by taking the telescopic direction of the main bolt as a central axis.
In order to realize the translational motion of the motor mounting plate on the main mounting plate, a moving track is required to be arranged on the motor mounting plate, and the moving track can be arranged in various ways, for example, a sliding rail is arranged between the motor mounting plate and the main mounting plate, and the motor mounting plate can realize the moving motion on the main mounting plate by using the sliding rail or a track groove. However, the installation method of the rail or the rail groove is adopted, so that the processing difficulty is high, and the installation is inconvenient. Therefore, the utility model adopts the method that the pin shaft is arranged on the main mounting plate and the slotted hole is arranged on the motor mounting plate. Specifically, a second sliding groove 9 is arranged on the motor mounting plate, the second sliding groove is a long hole arranged on the motor mounting plate, the groove direction is perpendicular to the central axis, the groove length is 10-15mm, the motor mounting plate has 10-15mm of left-right movement, the width of the second sliding groove is equivalent to the diameter of the first pin shaft, and the second sliding groove is at least in clearance fit with the first pin shaft. In order to prevent the motor mounting plate from generating rotary offset in the working process, at least 2 to 3 second sliding grooves are formed in the motor mounting plate, a plurality of pin shafts are correspondingly arranged on the main mounting plate, the motor mounting plate is prevented from deflecting in the moving process, the arrangement positions of the second sliding grooves on the motor mounting plate are prevented from colliding and colliding with other parts, and therefore the second sliding grooves are formed in proper positions on the motor mounting plate.
The translation action of the motor mounting plate is driven by the lock cylinder shifting piece 5, a pushing edge 12 is arranged on the right side of the motor mounting plate, the pushing edge is an arc which is recessed towards the middle of the motor mounting plate and is arranged on the right side of the motor mounting plate, the center of the arc takes the rotation center of the lock cylinder shifting piece as the center of the circle, the lock cylinder shifting piece is similar to a rotating cam, and when the lock cylinder shifting piece rotates to the pushing edge, the lock cylinder shifting piece pushes the arc-shaped pushing edge 12, so that the whole motor mounting plate 4 moves 50-10 mm rightwards.
The right side of the motor mounting plate is used for mounting a driving motor 6, a speed change gear 29 and a shifting wheel, and the driving motor adopts a transmission mechanism such as the speed change gear and transmits driving force to the shifting wheel. The movement of the motor mounting plate can simultaneously drive the driving motor, the speed change gear and the shifting wheel on the motor mounting plate to simultaneously move.
The driving motor adopts a small motor with 12-24V, the output shaft of the motor is a worm gear rod, the worm gear is adopted to drive the gear set, and the dial wheel is driven to rotate through the speed change of the gear set and the transmission of power. The driving motor is arranged at the lower right corner of the motor mounting plate, the output turbine rod faces the left side, the turbine is matched with the turbine rod, and then the transmission of the turbine and other gears is realized, so that when the thumb wheel is reached, the rotating speed is lower than 30 revolutions per minute, and the thumb wheel can provide larger torque. The utility model discloses a driving motor, change gear, thumb wheel equipartition are put and are close to left side edge at the motor mounting panel, and wherein the thumb wheel is arranged and is leaned on the front end in motor mounting panel edge.
The motor mounting plate is a metal plate with the thickness of 1-2 mm. In order to realize the left-right movement of the motor mounting plate, a first return spring 11 is required to be arranged on the motor mounting plate, the arrangement of the first return spring can be various, for example, an extrusion spring is arranged on the right side of the motor mounting plate, a torsion spring is arranged on a first pin shaft or other positions to be matched with a hanging buckle on the motor mounting plate, and the like, so that the motor mounting plate can be driven to reset to the left side; because the utility model discloses a left allowance in the lock shell is bigger, and the job stabilization nature of extension spring is than higher moreover, consequently the utility model discloses a first reset spring adopts the extension spring, sets up one in the left side of motor mounting panel and hangs the knot, stops the back of passing to the motor mounting panel when the lock core plectrum, uses the extension spring to make the motor mounting panel reset to the left side.
The front end of main spring bolt 2 is the main spring bolt head end of outwards stretching out and drawing back from the lock shell, the rear end is main spring bolt tail end 3, in order to realize the flexible activity of main spring bolt in the lock shell, consequently, need set up the removal track on main spring bolt, it has a plurality of to remove orbital mode of setting, for example set up the slide rail between main spring bolt and main mounting panel, utilize the method of slide rail or track groove, make the flexible action of main spring bolt realization in the lock shell, but adopt the mounting means in track or track groove, make the processing degree of difficulty grow, and be not convenient for install, improve whole manufacturing cost. Therefore, the utility model adopts the method that the pin shaft is arranged on the main mounting plate and the slotted hole is arranged at the tail end of the main bolt. Specifically, set up first spout 8 on main spring bolt tail, first spout is the slot hole that sets up on main spring bolt tail, and the fluting direction is on a parallel with the axis of main spring bolt (that is the fluting direction is preceding-backward, etc.) fluting length is more than or equal to the length that main spring bolt finally stretches out the lock shell, the utility model discloses get 25-30 millimeters, the width of first spout 8 is equivalent with the diameter of first round pin axle to be clearance fit at least.
Therefore, the utility model discloses a first spout 8 and second spout 9 all overlap on first round pin axle. Finally, the main bolt 2 moves back and forth in parallel along the first pin shaft 13, and the motor mounting plate 4 moves left and right in parallel along the first pin shaft.
Motor mounting panel has an inside sunken circular arc (passes the limit) on the right side, and in work, lock core plectrum 5 can be drawn on this circular arc limit, because the lock core plectrum has certain thickness, and main spring bolt and motor mounting panel stack together, consequently, collides main spring bolt tail end 3 when preventing that the lock core plectrum from promoting the motor mounting panel, to the rear end vacancy of main spring bolt, leaves the rotatory space of work for the lock core plectrum.
The utility model discloses a thickness of main spring bolt head end is 10mm, and length is 25mm, and the width exceeds 50m, and main spring bolt head end can be monolithic structure, also can be the trident form. The thickness of the tail end of the main bolt is 1.5-3mm, and the length is 60-80 mm.
Referring to fig. 3 and 4, the first fork toggles the main bolt to move in a telescopic manner under the condition that the key is unlocked. The first shifting fork is processed by adopting a plate, the first shifting fork adopts a lever working principle, the overall shape is L-shaped, the long end is arranged at the front part, the long end is provided with a shifting block 16 meshed with the tail end of a main lock tongue, the short end is arranged at the back and the left side and is provided with a shifting fork port (the shifting fork port is formed by a first convex block 14 and a second convex block 15) meshed with a lock cylinder shifting piece, the middle part of the shifting block is sleeved on a first pin shaft, the shifting block rotates by taking the first pin shaft 13 as a center, the linear distance between the shifting block and the first pin shaft is 25mm, the protruding length of the first convex block 14 and the second convex block 15 is 15-20mm, the tail end of the lock tongue is provided with a chute 7 with the length of 25mm, the chute deflects by 45 degrees relative to the central axis of the main, because the moving path of the shifting block and the slotting direction of the chute have a certain included angle, the shifting block can simultaneously push the main bolt to do telescopic motion when sliding. First shift fork setting will realize shifting block and chute meshing between motor mounting panel 4 and main mounting panel 1, needs the shifting block to pass the motor mounting panel, and the hole that supplies the shifting block to pass should be seted up on consequently the motor mounting panel, the utility model discloses a scheme is the length of control motor mounting panel, and the front end of motor mounting panel leaves the position of enough confession shifting block work.
Referring to fig. 5 and 6, the utility model discloses a little spring bolt 23 sets up on the right side of main mounting panel, and second shift fork 24 is the L type, and second shift fork middle part cover is epaxial and uses second round pin as the center rotation at the second round pin, and fourth lug 25 on the second shift fork stretches out to the right side, and the distance of the front end of fourth lug apart from second round pin axle center is 30mm, and the fourth lug meshes with the afterbody of little spring bolt. The fifth projection 22 extends forward, the distance from the front end of the fifth projection to the center of the second pin shaft is 30mm, and the fifth projection 22 is engaged with the right end of the push rod 17. The utility model discloses a second round pin axle can be as an organic whole with the design of the handle outside the door, and it is rotatory to drive second shift fork 24 through the handle outside the door to open little spring bolt, consequently, can realize opening little spring bolt with the door handle and open the door under big spring bolt open mode.
The utility model discloses a push rod 17 spanes big spring bolt left and right sides to the activity sets up on big spring bolt 2, and the activity direction is the flexible direction of the big spring bolt of perpendicular to, also controls the translation promptly. In order to realize the left-right translation of the push rod, a moving track needs to be arranged on the push rod or the main bolt, and the arrangement mode of the moving track is various, for example, a slide rail is arranged between the main bolt and the push rod, and the push rod can realize the reciprocating action on the main bolt by using the slide rail or a track groove, but the installation method of the track or the track groove increases the processing difficulty, is inconvenient to install and increases the production cost. The utility model discloses set up third round pin axle 18 on big spring bolt, set up third spout 20 on the push rod, third spout cover is epaxial at the third, and the length of third spout is 15mm, the axis of the big spring bolt of fluting direction perpendicular to. In order to make the push rod not deflect in the translation process, consequently the utility model discloses set up two third round pin axles according to push rod direction of motion.
Referring to fig. 7, the left end of the push rod is engaged with the lock cylinder shifting piece 5, and the right end of the push rod is engaged with the fourth bump 25, so that when the lock cylinder shifting piece rotates, the push rod is pushed to translate rightwards, and in the translation process, the second shifting fork 24 is pushed to rotate, so that the rotary power of the lock cylinder shifting piece is transmitted to the small lock tongue, and the small lock tongue is retracted backwards.
In order to enable the lock cylinder shifting piece to touch the left side of the push rod when rotating, and the right side of the push rod to touch the fifth bump, a collision rod can be added at the left end and the right end of the push rod respectively, so that the push rod is in an inverted U shape as a whole, the total length of the push rod is 50mm, and the lock cylinder shifting piece is processed by utilizing plates.
The main bolt is provided with a first cam 19 which is engaged with the middle part of the push rod 17 and can push the push rod to move towards the right side when the first cam rotates. A recess is provided in the middle of the push rod into which the first cam 19 extends to form the engagement.
In order to promote the rotation of first cam to and realize that the thumb wheel drive dials the tooth and makes the flexible action of main spring bolt, the utility model provides a following two kinds of thumb wheels and dial tooth design example:
first example of the design of the thumb wheel and the thumb teeth: referring to fig. 8, 9 and 13, the thumb wheel is a gear 28, the thumb tooth is a rack (first rack 34), the first rack 34 is arranged on the right side of the big bolt tail end 3, and the length of the first rack is 30-35 m. The second rack 30 is arranged side by side with the first rack, the second rack is movably arranged on the first rack, the moving direction of the second rack 30 is parallel to the telescopic direction of the large bolt, and the parallel reciprocating movement distance is 15 mm. The length of the second rack is longer than that of the first rack and reaches 40-45 m; the second rack is aligned with the tail of the first rack, the front part of the second rack is 10-15mm more, a seventh lug 29 meshed with the first cam 19 is arranged at the front end of the second rack, and when the second rack moves towards the tail relative to the large bolt, the seventh lug 29 pulls the first cam to rotate. In order to realize that the second rack can be translated independently relative to the first rack, the first rack is provided with a fourth pin shaft 32, the second rack is provided with a fourth sliding groove 31, and the fourth sliding groove is parallel to the extension direction of the main bolt; the fourth chute is sleeved on the fourth pin shaft, and a fourth return spring 33 is arranged on the second rack.
Example two of a thumb wheel and thumb tooth design:
referring to fig. 10, 11 and 12, the poking teeth are convex blocks (third convex blocks 26), the third convex blocks 26 are arranged on the right side of the tail end of the big bolt, and at least 2-3 third convex blocks are arranged side by side and arranged in the front-back direction; the thumb wheel is a second cam 27 and engages the third cam 26 with the first cam.
The utility model discloses a working method as follows:
the utility model discloses an open/close lock method includes two kinds of schemes of automatic open/close of driving motor and key open/close:
firstly, driving a motor to automatically open/close a lock:
the driving motor is connected with a fingerprint identification system, an ultrasonic remote control key, a face identification system and a password system outside the door, and when a lock opening/closing instruction is obtained, the driving motor starts to rotate.
The state is as follows: the big bolt 2 contracts in the lock shell, the small bolt 23 extends out of the lock shell under the support of the second reset spring 21, the shifting wheel and the shifting teeth are in a meshed state, and the lock cylinder shifting piece 5, the push rod 17, the first shifting fork and the pushing edge 12 are in a separated state.
And (3) locking process: the motor rotates clockwise, and the motor is transmitted to the dial wheel through the speed change gear, the dial wheel dials the dial teeth in the rotating process to drive the big spring bolt to move forward, and the big spring bolt extends out of the lock shell (under the principle, if the dial wheel and the dial teeth adopt the scheme of gear and first rack, the gear 28 drives the first rack 34 to push the big spring bolt to move forward, and if the dial wheel and the dial teeth adopt the scheme of second cam 27 and third bump 26, the dial wheel dials the first third bump at the forefront in the rotating process to drive the big spring bolt to extend forward for a certain distance, then the dial wheel continues to rotate to separate from the first third bump, and after the dial wheel continues to rotate for a circle, the dial wheel dials the second third bump to drive the big spring bolt to extend forward for a certain distance again).
The big lock tongue extends forwards to complete the locking. At the moment, the push rod, the first cam, the first rack and the second rack (or the second cam and the third lug) which are arranged on the large lock tongue are all driven by the large lock tongue to move forward.
Unlocking process: the motor rotates reversely (anticlockwise), the motor is transmitted to the dial wheel through the speed change gear 10, the dial wheel dials the dial teeth in the rotating process to drive the big spring bolt to move backwards, and the big spring bolt contracts backwards from the outside of the lock shell (under the principle, if the dial wheel and the dial teeth adopt a gear and first rack scheme, the gear drives the first rack to push the big spring bolt to move backwards, and if the dial wheel and the dial teeth adopt a second cam and third lug scheme, the dial wheel dials the last second third lug in the rotating process to drive the big spring bolt to retract backwards for a certain distance, then the dial wheel continuously rotates to be separated from the second third lug, and after one circle of rotation is continuously carried out, the dial wheel dials the first third lug to drive the big spring bolt to retract backwards for a certain distance). The big spring bolt unblock.
At this time, the push rod 17, the first cam 19, the first rack 34, and the second rack 30 (or the second cam 27 and the third projection 26) provided on the large tongue are all driven by the large tongue to travel backward. After walking to the corresponding position, the right end of the push rod 17 is engaged with the fifth bump 22. 1. When the shifting wheel is a gear, the shifting teeth are first racks, and the first racks are provided with second racks, the gear continuously rotates to enable the first racks to continuously move backwards, the gear 28 is disengaged from the first racks 34 due to the fact that the front end tooth positions of the first racks are vacant, the large lock tongue stops moving, the gear 28 is separately engaged with the second racks 30 and drives the second racks to continuously move backwards, therefore, the second racks move relative to the large lock tongue, the first cam 19 which is also located on the large lock tongue is shifted, the first cam shifts the push rod to move rightwards to push the second shifting fork, the small lock tongue is pushed to retract into the lock shell, the small lock tongue is unlocked, and the unlocking process is completed. 2. When the thumb wheel is the second cam, and the thumb wheel is the third lug, big spring bolt retreats, drives first cam 19 on the big spring bolt and reachs the meshing position with the thumb wheel, and after the thumb wheel continued to rotate, with first cam meshing to stir first cam, first cam stirs the push rod and moves right, promotes second shift fork 24, and then promotes little spring bolt and contracts in to the lock shell, little spring bolt unblock. The unlocking process is completed.
Secondly, key opening/closing lock:
the state is as follows: the big spring bolt contracts in the lock shell, the small spring bolt extends out of the lock shell, the shifting wheel and the shifting teeth are in an engaged state, and the lock cylinder shifting piece, the push rod, the first shifting fork and the pushing edge are in a separated state.
And (3) locking process: the key is inserted into the lock core, and after the key is twisted, the lock core plectrum is driven to rotate reversely (anticlockwise), the lock core plectrum reaches the meshing position with the pushing edge in the rotation process, and the motor mounting plate is pushed rightwards, so that the driving motor, the speed change gear and the thumb wheel on the motor mounting plate all move rightwards, and the thumb wheel is disengaged from the thumb wheel. The lock core plectrum continues to rotate, enters into the position of meshing with the shift fork mouth to stir first lug, makes first shift fork rotatory (clockwise), promotes main spring bolt tail end then, and main spring bolt stretches out one section to the lock shell, and after the lock core plectrum continued to reverse a week, same process promoted motor mounting panel, second lug, and main spring bolt stretches out one section again to the lock shell, accomplishes the process of closing the lock.
Unlocking process: the lock core plectrum corotation (clockwise), lock core plectrum reach with pushing limit meshing department in the rotation to the right side pushes away the motor mounting panel, makes driving motor, change gear, thumb wheel on the motor mounting panel all move right, and the thumb wheel breaks away from with the meshing of dialling the tooth. The lock core plectrum continues to rotate, enters into the position of meshing with the shift fork mouth to stir first lug, make first shift fork rotatory (anticlockwise), promote main spring bolt tail end then, main spring bolt contracts into one section in the lock shell, and after the lock core plectrum continued rotation a week, same process promoted motor mounting panel, second lug, main spring bolt contracts into one section again in the lock shell, accomplished main spring bolt process of unblanking. When the main spring bolt moves to the rearmost end, the push rod on the main spring bolt is driven to move backwards simultaneously, the collision rod at the left end of the push rod reaches the position meshed with the lock cylinder shifting piece, when the lock cylinder rotates once more, the push rod can be pushed to translate rightwards, and the second shifting fork is pushed to rotate along with the collision rod, so that the small spring bolt is opened. The unlocking process is completed.
The above embodiments are provided for illustrative purposes, and are not intended to limit the present invention, and any modifications and changes made within the spirit and scope of the claims fall within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. The key opening and motor automatic opening integrated intelligent lock comprises a lock shell, wherein the inner surface of the lock shell is a main mounting plate; the main mounting plate is provided with a lock cylinder shifting piece, a driving motor and a main lock tongue; the front end of the main bolt is a main bolt head end which extends outwards from the inside of the lock shell, and the rear end of the main bolt is a main bolt tail end; the electric motor is characterized in that a movable motor mounting plate is further arranged, the motor mounting plate is parallel to the main mounting plate and the main spring bolt, and the tail end of the main spring bolt is crossed with the motor mounting plate;
the motor mounting plate is divided into a left side of the motor mounting plate and a right side of the motor mounting plate by taking the extension direction of the main lock tongue as a central axis, the right side of the motor mounting plate is fixedly provided with a driving motor and a thumb wheel driven by the driving motor, the tail end of the main lock tongue is provided with a thumb wheel, and the thumb wheel is engaged with the thumb wheel and drives the main lock tongue to extend and retract;
the edge of the left side of the motor mounting plate is a lock cylinder shifting sheet pushing edge which is meshed with the lock cylinder shifting sheet, and the motor mounting plate is pushed by the lock cylinder shifting sheet to move left and right, so that the shifting wheel is clutched with the shifting teeth;
the lock is characterized by also comprising a first shifting fork for driving the main lock tongue to stretch and retract, wherein the first shifting fork is of a lever structure, one end of the first shifting fork is provided with a shifting block meshed with the tail end of the main lock tongue, and the other end of the first shifting fork is provided with a shifting fork opening meshed with the lock cylinder shifting piece.
2. The key-operated and motor-operated automatic opening integrated smart lock of claim 1, wherein a motor mounting plate is disposed between the main bolt and the main mounting plate; the pushing edge is a concave arc and takes the rotation center of the lock cylinder plectrum as the center of a circle.
3. The key-operated and motor-operated automatic opening integrated smart lock of claim 1, wherein said fork opening is formed by at least two protrusions, a first protrusion and a second protrusion; the first lug and the second lug are meshed with the lock cylinder shifting piece;
a first pin shaft is arranged in the middle of the shifting block and vertically arranged on the main mounting plate, and the shifting block rotates by taking the pin shaft as a center;
the main spring bolt on be provided with the chute, the setting aside the piece sets up in the chute, the setting aside the piece slides and promotes main spring bolt flexible action in the chute.
4. The key-operated and motor-operated automatic opening integrated intelligent lock of claim 1, wherein a small lock tongue, a second shift fork and a second pin are further arranged on the main mounting plate, the second pin is vertically arranged on the main mounting plate, and the middle part of the second shift fork is sleeved on the second pin and rotates around the second pin;
a fourth lug and a fifth lug are arranged on the second shifting fork, and the fourth lug is meshed with the tail part of the small lock tongue;
a push rod is arranged on the main lock tongue and is perpendicular to the telescopic direction of the main lock tongue, one end of the push rod is meshed with the fifth bump, and the other end of the push rod is meshed with the lock cylinder shifting piece; a first cam is arranged on the main bolt and meshed with the middle part of the push rod.
5. The key-operated and motor-operated automatic opening integrated intelligent lock according to claim 4, wherein the dialing tooth is a first rack, a second rack is movably arranged on the first rack, and the first rack and the second rack are arranged side by side; the thumb wheel is a gear and is meshed with the first rack and the second rack simultaneously; the front end of the second rack is meshed with the first cam.
6. The key-operated and motor-operated automatic opening integrated smart lock of claim 5, wherein the first rack is free of teeth near the first cam.
7. The key-operated and motor-operated automatic opening integrated intelligent lock of claim 4, wherein the dialing teeth are third protrusions, and at least one third protrusion is arranged on the main bolt side by side; the thumb wheel is a second cam and is meshed with the third lug and the first cam.
8. The key-operated and motor-operated automatic opening integrated intelligent lock according to claim 5, wherein the motor mounting plate is provided with a first return spring for returning the motor mounting plate to the main bolt so that the thumb wheel and the thumb tooth are kept engaged; the tail part of the small spring bolt is provided with a second reset spring which pushes the small spring bolt towards the lock shell to ensure that the small spring bolt keeps a lock closing state; the push rod is provided with a third return spring which is used for keeping the push rod and the lock cylinder plectrum in a state of waiting to be engaged; the second rack is provided with a fourth return spring, so that the front end of the second rack is separated from the first cam.
9. The key-operated and motor-operated automatic opening integrated smart lock of claim 5,
the main spring bolt is provided with a first sliding chute which is parallel to the telescopic direction of the main spring bolt and is sleeved on the first pin shaft;
a second sliding groove is formed in the motor mounting plate, the second sliding groove is perpendicular to the stretching direction of the main spring bolt, and the second sliding groove is sleeved on the first pin shaft;
a third pin shaft is arranged on the main lock tongue, a third sliding groove is arranged on the push rod, and the third sliding groove is perpendicular to the telescopic direction of the main lock tongue; the third sliding groove is sleeved on the third pin shaft, and the push rod moves perpendicular to the telescopic direction of the main lock tongue;
a fourth pin shaft is arranged on the first rack, a fourth sliding groove is arranged on the second rack, and the fourth sliding groove is parallel to the telescopic direction of the main spring bolt; the fourth sliding groove is sleeved on the fourth pin shaft, and the second rack moves in parallel to the telescopic direction of the main bolt.
10. The key-operated and motor-operated automatic opening integrated smart lock of claim 5, wherein a recess is provided in the middle of the push rod, and the first cam is extended into the recess to form engagement; the driving motor is connected with the shifting wheel through a speed change gear mechanism to realize power transmission; the first rack and the second rack are arranged on one side of the tail end of the main bolt close to the thumb wheel and are parallel to the telescopic direction of the main bolt.
CN201920231529.2U 2019-02-25 2019-02-25 Key-unlocking and motor-automatic-unlocking integrated intelligent lock Active CN210087021U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920231529.2U CN210087021U (en) 2019-02-25 2019-02-25 Key-unlocking and motor-automatic-unlocking integrated intelligent lock

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920231529.2U CN210087021U (en) 2019-02-25 2019-02-25 Key-unlocking and motor-automatic-unlocking integrated intelligent lock

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN210087021U true CN210087021U (en) 2020-02-18

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201920231529.2U Active CN210087021U (en) 2019-02-25 2019-02-25 Key-unlocking and motor-automatic-unlocking integrated intelligent lock

Country Status (1)

Country Link
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111519990A (en) * 2020-05-15 2020-08-11 芜湖乐知智能科技有限公司 Intelligent lock

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111519990A (en) * 2020-05-15 2020-08-11 芜湖乐知智能科技有限公司 Intelligent lock

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