CN210065308U - Facultative anaerobic microbial community regulating and controlling device - Google Patents

Facultative anaerobic microbial community regulating and controlling device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210065308U
CN210065308U CN201920809494.6U CN201920809494U CN210065308U CN 210065308 U CN210065308 U CN 210065308U CN 201920809494 U CN201920809494 U CN 201920809494U CN 210065308 U CN210065308 U CN 210065308U
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shaft
fermentation tank
facultative anaerobic
stirring
microbial community
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阚凤玲
赵洪斌
梁菊
李晓军
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Zhongke Oasis (beijing) Ecological Engineering Technology Co Ltd
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Zhongke Oasis (beijing) Ecological Engineering Technology Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a facultative anaerobic microbial community regulating and controlling device, including the fermentation cylinder, the top of fermentation cylinder is equipped with the feed inlet, the bottom center department has seted up the discharge gate, install the material discharging mechanism in the fermentation cylinder, the material discharging mechanism includes vertical gyration and supports drive shaft and the transmission shaft in the fermentation cylinder, the drive shaft is located directly over the discharge gate, the transmission shaft is set to two, the symmetry sets up in the top of drive shaft, be provided with the driving medium between drive shaft and the transmission shaft, the drive shaft can pass through two transmission shaft of driving medium drive and rotate simultaneously; the lower end of the driving shaft is coaxially and fixedly connected with an impeller, and the driving shaft is coaxially and fixedly connected with a propeller. The utility model discloses a facultative anaerobic microorganisms community regulation and control device can provide the microorganism for the water, cooperates with water normal position microorganism community water purification system, guarantees the purifying power of water self.

Description

Facultative anaerobic microbial community regulating and controlling device
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a water purifies the field, in particular to facultative anaerobic microorganisms community regulation and control device.
Background
With the development of economy in recent years, a large amount of domestic sewage and industrial sewage is discharged, rivers and lakes are polluted and damaged to different degrees, and the water body is increasingly black and smelly. How to treat the black and odorous water body and improve the self-cleaning capacity of the water body becomes a research hotspot of the environmental problems in China. The ecological suspension bed is a common device for treating water pollution in China at present, and the principle of the ecological suspension bed is that an artificial floating body is arranged, and plants are planted on the floating body, so that the purpose of purifying water quality is achieved.
The traditional ecological suspension bed technology has the defects that the dirt-removing power is greatly influenced by seasons and plant quantity, the microorganism content around the plant root system is low, the activity is insufficient, and the purifying effect of the ecological suspension bed on a deep water body is limited. And the growth of microorganisms around the plant root system of the ecological suspension bed is slow, the coverage area of the ecological suspension bed on the surface of the water body is small, the water body purification period is prolonged, and the purification effect is reduced.
Patent document that current publication number is CN207608404U discloses a water normal position microbial community water purification system, and it includes inlet tube and the outlet pipe of being connected with the water and sets up the cultivation system between inlet tube and outlet pipe, cultivation system include with the function microorganism hatching pond of advancing water piping connection, be connected with the reinforced pond of splendid attire biological activator on the function microorganism hatching pond, the output and the play water piping connection of function microorganism hatching pond, be equipped with the back flow that communicates to the input of function microorganism hatching pond on the outlet pipe, be equipped with the check valve on the back flow.
According to the scheme, a water body and a functional microorganism hatching pool form a loop, an original water body is extracted into the functional microorganism hatching pool, a biological activator is added, and the indigenous functional microorganism communities in the water body are selectively enriched to enlarge the proportion of the indigenous functional microorganism communities in the water body microorganism communities; then continuously activating the indigenous microorganisms of the water body to continuously propagate in a large amount, and continuously releasing the indigenous microorganisms into the water body by utilizing the continuous microcirculation of the water body, thereby enhancing the degradation capability of the indigenous microorganisms to the water body and enhancing the self purification capability of the water body.
However, if the number of indigenous functional microbial communities in the water body is too small, the cultivation process of the above scheme is slow, and the early purification effect of the water body is obviously limited.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to provide a facultative anaerobic microbial community regulation and control device, it can provide the microorganism for the water, cooperates with water normal position microbial community water purification system, guarantees the purifying capacity of water self.
The above object of the present invention can be achieved by the following technical solutions:
a facultative anaerobic microbial community regulating and controlling device comprises a fermentation tank, wherein a feed inlet is formed in the top of the fermentation tank, a discharge outlet is formed in the center of the bottom of the fermentation tank, a discharging mechanism is installed in the fermentation tank and comprises a driving shaft and a transmission shaft which are vertically and rotatably supported in the fermentation tank, the driving shaft is positioned right above the discharge outlet, the number of the transmission shafts is two, the two transmission shafts are symmetrically arranged above the driving shaft, a transmission part is arranged between the driving shaft and the transmission shaft, and the driving shaft can drive the two transmission shafts to rotate simultaneously through the transmission part; the lower end of the driving shaft is coaxially and fixedly connected with an impeller, and the driving shaft is coaxially and fixedly connected with a propeller.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, when discharging the microorganism, open the discharge gate, the internal microorganism of jar and culture solution are discharged from the discharge gate, liquid can form the vortex when the discharge gate flows, can drive the impeller rotation, the impeller drives the drive shaft and rotates, then the transmission through the driving medium, make the transmission shaft also synchronous rotation, finally drive the screw and rotate, thereby make the microorganism discharge more evenly smoothly, and in discharge process microorganism can automatic flow to near row material mechanism, can avoid attaching to on the inner wall of the jar body as far as, guarantee the emission of microorganism in the water. The discharged microorganisms are matched with a water body in-situ microorganism community water purification system, the functional microorganism community is cultured in the water body in an accelerated mode, nutrient elements such as C, N, P in the water body are absorbed, the turbidity of the water body is effectively eliminated, the transparency of the water body and dissolved oxygen are improved, and therefore the whole water body is used as a large bioreactor, and in-situ restoration treatment is adopted, so that the water body is self-purified.
The utility model discloses further set up to: the driving medium includes band pulley and hold-in range, the band pulley rigid coupling is on drive shaft and transmission shaft, the hold-in range tensioning is between drive shaft and transmission shaft to mesh mutually with the band pulley.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the hold-in range has the transmission accuracy, and is steady, efficient characteristics carry out the transmission through the hold-in range for the rotation process of screw is more smooth.
The utility model discloses further set up to: the fermentation tank is provided with a stirring device, the stirring device comprises a stirring motor arranged right above the top of the fermentation tank, the output end of the stirring motor is connected with a stirring shaft, the stirring shaft extends into the fermentation tank and is rotationally connected with the top of the fermentation tank, and the part of the stirring shaft in the fermentation tank is uniformly and fixedly connected with a plurality of groups of stirring paddles along the axial direction; and a moving allowance is reserved between the stirring device and the discharging mechanism.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, start agitator motor, agitator motor drives the (mixing) shaft and rotates to drive the stirring rake and rotate, with the microorganism and the culture solution homogeneous mixing in fermentation district, with the guarantee microorganism breeding environment.
The utility model discloses further set up to: two groups of heating devices are arranged in the fermentation tank and are respectively controlled by two switches.
The utility model discloses further set up to: each group of the heating devices comprises three heating rods.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, two sets of heating devices divide two on-off control, and two sets of heating devices turn off a set of after whole start temperatures of high temperature in summer reach the requirement temperature, ferment with a set of heat preservation, and two sets of heating of other seasons are all opened and also can not overtemperature, and are energy-concerving and environment-protective.
The utility model discloses further set up to: the tank body is cylindrical, and two ends of the tank body are welded by oval seal heads.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, oval head makes jar body bottom be the arc setting of undercut, is favorable to the microorganism to concentrate in discharge gate department and is discharged.
The utility model discloses further set up to: the fermentation tank comprises an outer heat-insulating layer, an inner heat-insulating layer and a jacket, wherein the jacket is filled with heat-insulating filler.
By adopting the technical scheme, the temperature in the fermentation tank can be better ensured, and a good environment is provided for the fermentation and propagation of functional microorganisms.
The utility model discloses further set up to: the top of the fermentation tank is provided with an air hole which can be opened and closed.
By adopting the technical scheme, the air holes can be opened and closed, the anaerobic bacteria can be fermented by screwing, the aerobic bacteria can be fermented by unscrewing, and the anaerobic fermentation device is simple in structure and convenient to use.
To sum up, the utility model discloses following beneficial effect has:
1. functional microorganisms are provided for the water body by arranging the facultative anaerobic microbial community regulating and controlling device, the facultative anaerobic microbial community regulating and controlling device is matched with a water body in-situ microbial community water purification system, the functional microbial community is cultured in the water body quickly, nutrient elements such as C, N, P in the water body are absorbed, the turbidity of the water body is effectively eliminated, and the transparency and dissolved oxygen of the water body are improved;
2. through setting up row material mechanism, make the microorganism discharge more evenly smoothly, the microorganism can flow to near row material mechanism automatically in discharge process moreover, guarantees the emission of microorganism in the water.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the embodiment.
In the figure, 1, a fermentation tank; 2. a tank body; 21. a feed inlet; 22. air holes are formed; 23. a discharge port; 24. an outer insulating layer; 25. an inner insulating layer; 26. a jacket; 3. a stirring device; 31. a stirring motor; 32. a stirring shaft; 33. a stirring paddle; 4. a discharge mechanism; 41. a drive shaft; 42. a drive shaft; 43. a synchronous belt; 44. an impeller; 45. a propeller; 5. a support frame; 6. a support bar; 7. a warming device; 8. and (4) controlling a switch.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Example (b): a facultative anaerobic microbial community regulating and controlling device is shown in figure 1 and comprises a fermentation tank 1, an automatic feeding and feeding control system connected with the input end of the fermentation tank 1, an automatic fermentation release control system connected with the output end of the fermentation tank 1 and a temperature control culture system installed in the fermentation tank 1, wherein the output end of the automatic fermentation release control system is communicated to a water body to be cultured.
The microorganism is added into the fermentation tank 1 by the automatic feeding control system and rapidly propagated in the fermentation tank 1, when the microorganism community reaches the enrichment state, the microorganism is discharged into the water body to be purified through the automatic fermentation release control system, and then the microorganism is matched with the water body in-situ microorganism community water purification system provided in the background technology, the functional microorganism community is rapidly cultured in the water body, nutrient elements such as C, N, P and the like in the water body are absorbed, the turbidity of the water body is effectively eliminated, the transparency and the dissolved oxygen of the water body are improved, and therefore, the whole water body is used as a large bioreactor, and the in-situ remediation treatment is adopted, so that the water body is self-purified.
Specifically, the tank body 2 of the fermentation tank 1 is cylindrical in shape, two ends of the tank body are formed by welding elliptical seal heads, the top of the tank body 2 is provided with a feeding opening 21, and a feeding cover for sealing the feeding opening 21 is arranged on the feeding opening; one side of the feed inlet 21 is also provided with an air hole 22, a plug body is arranged in the air hole 22, the plug body can be detached and used for sealing the air hole 22, and when anaerobic bacteria are fermented in the fermentation tank 1, the plug body is screwed down to seal the fermentation tank 1, so that the growth of the anaerobic bacteria is facilitated; when the aerobic bacteria are fermented, the plug body is taken down, and oxygen is filled into the fermentation area through the air holes 22, so that the growth of the aerobic bacteria is facilitated. Discharge gate 23 has been seted up at the center department of jar body 2 bottoms, and discharge gate 23 sets up the center department at jar body 2 lower extreme head, and oval-shaped head makes jar body 2 bottoms be the arc setting of undercut, is favorable to the microorganism to concentrate on discharge gate 23 department and is discharged.
A stirring device 3 which is introduced into a fermentation area in the tank body 2 for stirring is arranged above the tank body 2, the stirring device 3 comprises a stirring motor 31 which is arranged right above the top of the tank body 2, the output end of the stirring motor 31 is vertically arranged downwards and is fixedly connected with a stirring shaft 32, the stirring shaft 32 extends into the tank body 2 and is in rotary connection with the top of the tank body 2, and the stirring shaft 32 is mechanically sealed with an end enclosure of the tank body 2; the part of the stirring shaft 32 in the tank body 2 is uniformly and fixedly connected with a plurality of groups of stirring paddles 33 along the axial direction, and the specific number of the stirring paddles 33 is determined according to factors such as the liquid level height of the fermentation zone. The stirring motor 31 is started, the stirring shaft 32 is driven to rotate by the stirring motor 31, so that the stirring paddle 33 is driven to rotate, and microorganisms are uniformly mixed with the culture solution in the fermentation area, so that the microorganism breeding environment is guaranteed.
The fermentation tank 1 is also internally provided with a discharging mechanism 4, the discharging mechanism 4 comprises a driving shaft 41 and a transmission shaft 42 which are vertically arranged, the driving shaft 41 is rotatably connected to a support frame 5, and the support frame 5 is supported at the bottom of the tank body 2 and is positioned right above the discharging port 23; the transmission shaft 42 sets up to two, and the symmetry sets up in drive shaft 41 top, is provided with the bracing piece 6 that carries out the support to transmission shaft 42 on the inner wall of jar body 2, and 6 one end of bracing piece and jar body 2 inner wall looks rigid coupling, other end rigid coupling have a bearing frame, and transmission shaft 42 rotates through the bearing frame to support on bracing piece 6 to can realize the rotation.
Be provided with the driving medium with both linkages between drive shaft 41 and the transmission shaft 42, the driving medium includes band pulley and hold-in range 43, and wherein the upper end of drive shaft 41 has two band pulleys along axis interval rigid coupling, and a band pulley of lower extreme rigid coupling respectively of two transmission shafts 42, the band pulley of transmission shaft 42 and the band pulley one-to-one of drive shaft 41, both pass through hold-in range 43 and connect. The lower end of the driving shaft 41 is coaxially and fixedly connected with an impeller 44, and a plurality of propellers 45 are arranged on the driving shaft 42 at intervals along the axial line. There is sufficient space between the drainage mechanism and the stirring device 3 to avoid movement interference.
When discharging the microorganism, open discharge gate 23, microorganism and culture solution in the jar body 2 are discharged from discharge gate 23, liquid can form the vortex when discharge gate 23 flows out, can drive impeller 44 and rotate, impeller 44 drives drive shaft 41 and rotates, then the transmission through band pulley and hold-in range 43, make transmission shaft 42 also synchronous rotation, finally drive screw 45 and rotate, thereby make the microorganism discharge more evenly smoothly, and in discharge process microorganism meeting automatic flow to near row material mechanism 4, can avoid attaching to on the inner wall of jar body 2 as far as, guarantee the emission of microorganism in the water.
The tank body 2 consists of an outer heat-insulating layer 24 and an inner heat-insulating layer 25, a jacket 26 is formed between the outer heat-insulating layer 24 and the inner heat-insulating layer 25, heat-insulating filler is filled in the jacket 26, and the outer heat-insulating layer 24 and the inner heat-insulating layer 25 of the fermentation tank 1 are both made of stainless steel. The temperature control culture system comprises two groups of heating devices 7 arranged in a fermentation area of the fermentation tank 1, the two groups of heating devices 7 and the transmission shaft 42 are arranged in a staggered mode, each group of heating devices 7 comprises three 500W heating rods, each group of heating devices 7 is respectively provided with a switch control 8, when the temperature is high in summer, the two groups of heating devices 7 are all started, one group of heating devices is turned off after the temperature reaches the required temperature, a group of heating devices is used for heat preservation and fermentation, and the two groups of heating devices 7 are all turned on for heating in other seasons, so.
The fermentation tank 1 can be fed by an automatic feeding and feeding control system or manually; the discharging can be controlled by an automatic fermentation release control system during discharging, a valve can be arranged at a discharging port 23 of the fermentation tank 1, a discharging pipe is connected to the valve, and discharging operation can be performed manually.
The present embodiment is only for explaining the present invention, and it is not limited to the present invention, and those skilled in the art can make modifications to the present embodiment without inventive contribution as required after reading the present specification, but all of them are protected by patent laws within the scope of the claims of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides a facultative anaerobic microbial community regulation and control device, includes fermentation cylinder (1), the top of fermentation cylinder (1) is equipped with feed inlet, bottom center department has seted up discharge gate (23), its characterized in that: the fermentation tank (1) is internally provided with a discharging mechanism (4), the discharging mechanism (4) comprises a driving shaft (41) and a transmission shaft (42) which are vertically and rotatably supported in the fermentation tank (1), the driving shaft (41) is positioned right above the discharge port (23), the number of the transmission shafts (42) is two, the two transmission shafts are symmetrically arranged above the driving shaft (41), a transmission part is arranged between the driving shaft (41) and the transmission shaft (42), and the driving shaft (41) can drive the two transmission shafts (42) to rotate simultaneously through the transmission part; the lower end of the driving shaft (41) is coaxially and fixedly connected with an impeller (44), and the transmission shaft (42) is coaxially and fixedly connected with a propeller (45).
2. The facultative anaerobic microbial community regulating device according to claim 1, wherein: the driving medium includes band pulley and hold-in range (43), the band pulley rigid coupling is on drive shaft (41) and transmission shaft (42), hold-in range (43) tensioning is between drive shaft (41) and transmission shaft (42) to mesh mutually with the band pulley.
3. The facultative anaerobic microbial community regulating device according to claim 1, wherein: the fermentation tank (1) is provided with a stirring device (3), the stirring device (3) comprises a stirring motor (31) arranged right above the top of the fermentation tank (1), the output end of the stirring motor (31) is connected with a stirring shaft (32), the stirring shaft (32) extends into the fermentation tank (1) and is rotatably connected with the top of the fermentation tank (1), and the part of the stirring shaft (32) positioned in the fermentation tank (1) is uniformly and fixedly connected with a plurality of groups of stirring paddles (33) along the axial direction; and a movable allowance is reserved between the stirring device (3) and the discharging mechanism (4).
4. The facultative anaerobic microbial community regulating device according to claim 1, wherein: two groups of heating devices (7) are arranged in the fermentation tank (1), and the two groups of heating devices (7) are respectively controlled by two switches (8).
5. The facultative anaerobic microbial community regulating device according to claim 4, wherein: each group of the warming devices (7) comprises three heating rods.
6. The facultative anaerobic microbial community regulating device according to claim 1, wherein: the fermentation tank (1) is cylindrical, and two ends of the fermentation tank are welded by oval seal heads.
7. The facultative anaerobic microbial community regulating device according to claim 1, wherein: the fermentation tank (1) comprises an outer heat-insulating layer (24), an inner heat-insulating layer (25) and a jacket (26), wherein heat-insulating filler is filled in the jacket (26).
8. The facultative anaerobic microbial community regulating device according to claim 1, wherein: the top of the fermentation tank (1) is provided with an air hole (22) which can be opened and closed.
CN201920809494.6U 2019-05-30 2019-05-30 Facultative anaerobic microbial community regulating and controlling device Active CN210065308U (en)

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CN201920809494.6U CN210065308U (en) 2019-05-30 2019-05-30 Facultative anaerobic microbial community regulating and controlling device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920809494.6U CN210065308U (en) 2019-05-30 2019-05-30 Facultative anaerobic microbial community regulating and controlling device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN210065308U true CN210065308U (en) 2020-02-14

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