CN209992216U - Tunnel construction geological exploration soil sample collection system - Google Patents

Tunnel construction geological exploration soil sample collection system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209992216U
CN209992216U CN201920805578.2U CN201920805578U CN209992216U CN 209992216 U CN209992216 U CN 209992216U CN 201920805578 U CN201920805578 U CN 201920805578U CN 209992216 U CN209992216 U CN 209992216U
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China
Prior art keywords
screw
soil sample
probing
collection
nut
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CN201920805578.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
贾燕
宋金灿
孙庆珍
刘洁
杨东涛
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Zhengzhou Institute of Aeronautical Industry Management
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Zhengzhou Institute of Aeronautical Industry Management
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a tunnel construction geological exploration soil sample collection system, including horizontal support, frame type support, the both sides of horizontal support are equipped with first set nut and the second set nut of mutual symmetry, have first set screw and second set screw through threaded connection respectively, and the middle part of horizontal support is fixed and is equipped with the collection nut, threaded connection probing collection screw rod on the collection nut; two sides of the inner wall of the frame-shaped support are provided with guide rails which are symmetrical to each other, the upper end of the frame-shaped support is provided with a mounting plate, two sides of the mounting plate are provided with slide blocks for connection, the lower surface of the mounting plate is fixedly provided with a drilling motor, and the drilling motor is fixedly connected with the upper end of a drilling acquisition screw rod; when taking a sample, fix a position whole device in the tunnel through set screw, make things convenient for the device to drill in the tunnel, carry out the probing of depth through the probing and carry out the extraction of soil sample to the tunnel, guarantee to the more accuracy of the soil sample in tunnel, guaranteed the construction safety in later stage.

Description

Tunnel construction geological exploration soil sample collection system
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a geological exploration technical field especially relates to a tunnel construction geological exploration soil sample collection system.
Background
The soil sampler is a tool for acquiring a soil sample, and commonly used comprises a soil drill, a shovel and a shovel, wherein the soil drill consists of a drill bit and a handle which are made of hard materials, the drill bit is usually spiral or cylindrical, the top end of the spiral drill bit is a pair of sharp knife edges which can be rotatably cut into soil, an expanded soil containing cavity is arranged next to the knife edges, and the soil sample to be collected can be guided into the cavity by downwards drilling into the soil surface along with the rotation of the handle; the diameter of the cylindrical soil drill is slightly different at two ends, and one end connected with the handle is slightly larger than the end contacted with soil, so that the soil which enters the cylinder when the soil drill fetches the soil can not be scattered due to the movement of the soil drill.
Adopt present soil sampling ware to have following defect, because the cutting ring is closed, the manpower is limited, lead to the sampling depth fuzzy, can not be fine keep soil sample layering and shape etc., and then influence the sampling effect, also influence the soil texture judgement in later stage, the going on of engineering can be delayed seriously, the current method of directly squeezing into the underground with the hollow tube and carrying out soil sampling, need apply great pressure, it is very inconvenient to use, waste time and energy, influence the work progress, and some current large-scale soil sampling equipment, can't adjust according to the characteristics of topography, it causes inconvenience to use.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
In order to overcome the shortcoming of the prior art, the utility model aims at providing a convenient to use can carry out the degree of depth sample to the soil sample to the in-process of tunnel construction, guarantees that follow-up analysis is more accurate, can ensure construction safety's tunnel construction geological exploration soil sample collection system.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model adopts the following technical scheme, a tunnel construction geological exploration soil sample collection device, including a transverse support, a frame-shaped support which is arranged on the transverse support and is fixedly connected with the transverse support, two sides of the transverse support are provided with a first positioning nut and a second positioning nut which are symmetrical to each other, the first positioning nut and the second positioning nut are respectively connected with a first positioning screw and a second positioning screw through threads, the directions of the first positioning screw and the second positioning screw are opposite to that of the frame-shaped support, the middle part of the transverse support is fixedly provided with a collection nut, and the collection nut is in threaded connection with a drilling collection screw; the inner wall both sides of frame type support are equipped with the guide rail of mutual symmetry, the upper end of frame type support is equipped with the mounting panel, and the both sides of this mounting panel pass through swing joint with the guide rail of mutual symmetry respectively and are connected at the slider on the guide rail, the lower fixed surface of mounting panel be equipped with the probing motor, the upper end fixed connection of probing motor and probing collection screw rod, the probing motor drives the probing collection screw rod and rotates, the probing is gathered the screw rod and is carried out the probing to tunnel construction geology to gather the soil sample of probing in-process.
The top of frame type support is fixed and is equipped with flexible electric jar, the flexible end downwardly extending of flexible electric jar and with the up end fixed connection of mounting panel.
The screw rod is gathered in the probing includes threaded connection and gathers the screw rod on the nut, the lower part fixedly connected with drill bit of screw rod, the inside of screw rod is equipped with soil sample and collects the chamber, soil sample collection hole intercommunication that is equipped with on soil sample collection chamber and the screw rod wall.
The top of screw rod is equipped with the connecting block of being connected screw rod and drilling motor, the lower extreme of connecting block is equipped with and is used for inserting the stopper in soil sample collection chamber, the soil sample collection chamber is filled in to the stopper to through transversely passing the horizontal bolt of screw rod and stopper in proper order with connecting block and screw rod fixed connection.
And a groove is formed in the outer end, connected with the side surface of the screw rod, of the transverse bolt.
The connecting block and the plug are of an integrated structure.
The utility model has the advantages that: when taking a sample, fix a position whole device in the tunnel through set screw, make things convenient for the device to drill in the tunnel, carry out the probing of depth to the tunnel through the probing and carry out the extraction of soil sample, guarantee to the more accuracy of soil sample in tunnel, guaranteed the construction safety in later stage, simultaneously at the in-process of taking a sample, carry out the probing sample through the boring head, can ensure convenient sample, it is more convenient, convenient to make the sample.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the present invention;
fig. 2 is the structure schematic diagram of the middle drilling collecting screw rod of the utility model.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "center", "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", and the like indicate orientations or positional relationships based on those shown in the drawings, and are merely for convenience of description and simplicity of description, and do not indicate or imply that the device or element referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and therefore, are not to be construed as limiting the present invention.
The terms "first", "second" and "first" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance or implicitly indicating the number of technical features indicated. Thus, a feature defined as "first" or "second" may explicitly or implicitly include one or more of that feature; in the description of the present invention, "a plurality" means two or more unless otherwise specified.
Examples
As shown in fig. 1, the tunnel construction geological exploration soil sample collection device comprises a transverse support 1 and a frame-shaped support 2 which is arranged on the transverse support 1 and is fixedly connected with the transverse support 1, the transverse support 1 and the frame-shaped support 2 form the foundation of the whole collection device, the frame-shaped support 2 is welded on the transverse support 1, and two ends of the transverse support 1 extend towards two sides of the frame-shaped support 2.
A first positioning nut 3 and a second positioning nut 4 which are symmetrical to each other are arranged on two sides of the transverse support 1, the first positioning nut 3 and the second positioning nut 4 are respectively connected with a first positioning screw 5 and a second positioning screw 6 through threads, and the directions of the first positioning screw 5 and the second positioning screw 6 are opposite to that of the frame-shaped support 2; the first positioning nut 3 and the second positioning nut 4 are arranged on the transverse support 1 at two sides of the frame-shaped support 2, and the first positioning screw and the second positioning screw respectively pass through the first positioning nut and the second positioning nut when in use, are confined in tunnel construction geology and are fixed on a tunnel by a foundation consisting of the transverse support 1 and the frame-shaped support 2;
the middle part of the transverse bracket 1 is fixedly provided with an acquisition nut 8, and the acquisition nut 8 is in threaded connection with a drilling acquisition screw 7; the inner wall both sides of frame type support 2 are equipped with the guide rail 12 of mutual symmetry, the upper end of frame type support 2 is equipped with mounting panel 9, and the both sides of this mounting panel 9 are connected through swing joint slider 11 on guide rail 12 with the guide rail 12 of mutual symmetry respectively, the lower fixed surface of mounting panel 9 be equipped with probing motor 10, the upper end fixed connection of screw rod 7 is gathered with the probing to probing motor 10, probing motor 10 drives the probing and gathers screw rod 7 and rotate, probing is gathered screw rod 7 and is drilld the tunnel construction geology to gather the soil sample of probing in-process. The drilling motor drive the drilling and gather screw rod 7 and rotate, the drilling is gathered screw rod 7 and is being at the pivoted in-process, is holing the geology in tunnel, and simultaneously at the in-process of driling, this drilling is gathered screw rod 7 and will be collected at the soil sample of drilling in-process, then drilling motor 10 reverses, drilling is gathered screw rod 7 and is visited out from the drilling to take out the soil sample of gathering in this drilling is gathered screw rod 7, supply the processing in later stage, drilling motor 10 fixes on mounting panel 9, and mounting panel 9 reciprocates along guide rail 12, and then guarantees that drilling is gathered screw rod 7 when the drilling, drilling motor 10 follows drilling and gathers screw rod 7 and go on down.
Further, in order to ensure that the drilling collection screw 7 can stably drill into the geological formation of the tunnel in the drilling process, a telescopic electric cylinder 13 is fixedly arranged at the top of the frame-shaped support 2, and the telescopic end of the telescopic electric cylinder 13 extends downwards and is fixedly connected with the upper end face of the mounting plate 9. The drilling motor drives the drilling acquisition screw 7 to drill, the telescopic electric cylinder 13 drives the mounting plate 9 to move downwards, the downward pressing force is applied to the mounting plate 9, the drilling motor 10 is guaranteed to drive the drilling acquisition screw 7 to rotate, the drilling acquisition screw can be guaranteed to perform stable drilling, and the stability of the whole device for acquiring soil samples is guaranteed.
Further, in order to ensure that the drilling collection screw can play a drilling and collection role, as shown in fig. 2, the drilling collection screw 7 includes a screw 701 which is in threaded connection with the collection nut 8, a drill bit 702 is fixedly connected to the lower portion of the screw 701, a soil sample collection cavity 703 is arranged inside the screw 701, and the soil sample collection cavity 703 is communicated with a soil sample collection hole 704 formed in the wall of the screw 701. The drill bit 702 is used for drilling tunnel geological formations, one end of the screw 701 is connected with a drilling motor, the other end of the screw is fixedly connected with the drill bit, the screw is in threaded connection with the collection nut, the screw can be ensured to stably descend when descending, a soil sample collection hole 704 arranged on the screw 701 is used for drilling, a drilled soil sample enters the soil sample collection cavity through the soil sample collection hole 704 to be collected, and the screw exits after collection is completed to take out the soil sample in the soil sample collection cavity to be processed.
Further, in order to ensure that the screw can be conveniently connected with the drilling motor, a connecting block 705 for connecting the screw 701 with the drilling motor 10 is arranged at the top of the screw 701, a plug 706 for being inserted into the soil sample collection cavity 703 is arranged at the lower end of the connecting block 705, the plug 706 is plugged into the soil sample collection cavity 703, and the connecting block 705 and the screw 701 are fixedly connected through a transverse bolt 708 which transversely penetrates through the screw 701 and the plug 706 in sequence. When connecting, the plug 706 below the connecting block 705 is inserted into the through hole above the screw 701, and then the connecting block and the screw are fixedly connected through the transverse bolt.
In order to ensure that two ends of the transverse bolt 708 are not exposed at two ends of the connecting block and the descending of the screw rod is not affected, the outer end of the transverse bolt 708 connected with the side surface of the screw rod 701 is provided with a groove 707. The connecting block 705 is integrated with the plug 706.
The above embodiments are merely examples of the present invention, and do not limit the protection scope of the present invention, and all designs the same as or similar to the present invention belong to the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. The tunnel construction geological exploration soil sample collecting device is characterized by comprising a transverse support (1) and a frame-shaped support (2) which is arranged on the transverse support (1) and fixedly connected with the transverse support (1), wherein a first positioning nut (3) and a second positioning nut (4) which are symmetrical to each other are arranged on two sides of the transverse support (1), the first positioning nut (3) and the second positioning nut (4) are respectively connected with a first positioning screw (5) and a second positioning screw (6) through threads, the directions of the first positioning screw (5) and the second positioning screw (6) and the frame-shaped support (2) are opposite, a collecting nut (8) is fixedly arranged in the middle of the transverse support (1), and a drilling collecting screw (7) is in threaded connection with the collecting nut (8); the inner wall both sides of frame type support (2) are equipped with guide rail (12) of mutual symmetry, the upper end of frame type support (2) is equipped with mounting panel (9), and the both sides of this mounting panel (9) are connected through slider (11) of swing joint on guide rail (12) with guide rail (12) of mutual symmetry respectively, the lower fixed surface of mounting panel (9) be equipped with probing motor (10), the upper end fixed connection of probing motor (10) and probing collection screw rod (7), probing motor (10) drive probing collection screw rod (7) and rotate, probing collection screw rod (7) are drilld tunnel construction geology to gather the soil sample of probing in-process.
2. The device for collecting the soil sample for geological exploration in tunnel construction according to claim 1, wherein a telescopic electric cylinder (13) is fixedly arranged at the top of the frame-shaped support (2), and a telescopic end of the telescopic electric cylinder (13) extends downwards and is fixedly connected with the upper end face of the mounting plate (9).
3. The soil sample collection device for geological exploration in tunnel construction according to claim 1, wherein the drilling collection screw (7) comprises a screw (701) which is in threaded connection with a collection nut (8), a drill bit (702) is fixedly connected to the lower portion of the screw (701), a soil sample collection cavity (703) is formed inside the screw (701), and the soil sample collection cavity (703) is communicated with a soil sample collection hole (704) formed in the wall of the screw (701).
4. The soil sample collecting device for tunnel construction geological exploration according to claim 2, characterized in that a connecting block (705) for connecting the screw (701) with the drilling motor (10) is arranged at the top of the screw (701), a plug (706) for being inserted into the soil sample collecting cavity (703) is arranged at the lower end of the connecting block (705), the plug (706) is plugged into the soil sample collecting cavity (703), and the connecting block (705) and the screw (701) are fixedly connected through a transverse bolt (708) which transversely penetrates through the screw (701) and the plug (706) in sequence.
5. The device for collecting the soil sample for geological exploration in tunnel construction according to claim 4, wherein the outer end of the transverse bolt (708) connected with the side surface of the screw (701) is provided with a groove (707).
6. The device for collecting soil samples for geological exploration in tunnel construction according to claim 4, wherein said connecting block (705) and plug (706) are of a unitary structure.
CN201920805578.2U 2019-05-30 2019-05-30 Tunnel construction geological exploration soil sample collection system Active CN209992216U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920805578.2U CN209992216U (en) 2019-05-30 2019-05-30 Tunnel construction geological exploration soil sample collection system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920805578.2U CN209992216U (en) 2019-05-30 2019-05-30 Tunnel construction geological exploration soil sample collection system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN209992216U true CN209992216U (en) 2020-01-24

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111487086A (en) * 2020-06-10 2020-08-04 东北石油大学 Open-air geological detection sampling device
CN112146927A (en) * 2020-08-19 2020-12-29 河北地质大学 Altered volcanic rock lithofacies sampling equipment for field exploration
CN113405835A (en) * 2020-03-16 2021-09-17 中国科学院、水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所 Independent soil monitoring sampling device of deep layer

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113405835A (en) * 2020-03-16 2021-09-17 中国科学院、水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所 Independent soil monitoring sampling device of deep layer
CN111487086A (en) * 2020-06-10 2020-08-04 东北石油大学 Open-air geological detection sampling device
CN112146927A (en) * 2020-08-19 2020-12-29 河北地质大学 Altered volcanic rock lithofacies sampling equipment for field exploration

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