CN209931243U - Air-blowing type pollution accumulation and discharge aquaculture device - Google Patents

Air-blowing type pollution accumulation and discharge aquaculture device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209931243U
CN209931243U CN201920254055.3U CN201920254055U CN209931243U CN 209931243 U CN209931243 U CN 209931243U CN 201920254055 U CN201920254055 U CN 201920254055U CN 209931243 U CN209931243 U CN 209931243U
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sewage
air
discharge
water outlet
collecting
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CN201920254055.3U
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Chinese (zh)
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付晓彦
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Henan Pushan Aquatic Technology Co.,Ltd.
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Henan Pushan Aquatic Products Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an air-blowing type dirt accumulation and discharge aquaculture device, which comprises a dirt collecting pool and a culture pool arranged on one side of the dirt collecting pool, wherein the culture pool is internally provided with a dirt collection and discharge device and a circulating filter; the water inlet end of the circulating filter is communicated with the sewage collecting tank, and the water outlet end of the circulating filter is a free end; the sewage collecting and discharging device comprises a sewage sucking mechanism and a sewage collecting mechanism, the sewage sucking mechanism comprises a water inlet pipe communicated with the sewage collecting pool, the other end of the water inlet pipe is respectively connected with a main sewage collecting and discharging pipeline and a vertically arranged sewage collector through a water outlet tee joint, and a sewage sucking disc is arranged below the water inlet end of the main sewage collecting and discharging pipeline; and a communicated air inlet nozzle is arranged on the outer side wall of the water inlet end of the main sewage collecting and discharging pipeline and is connected with an external air pump through an air blowing hose. The utility model discloses an air blowing type blowdown mode can also increase aquatic oxygen content simultaneously, and the energy is little, breed effectual, water treatment is effectual.

Description

Air-blowing type pollution accumulation and discharge aquaculture device
Technical Field
The utility model relates to an industrialization recirculating aquaculture technical field, concretely relates to air-blowing type long-pending dirty blowdown aquaculture device.
Background
In the present stage, the shrimp culture in China mainly takes semi-closed circulating water in a soil pond and a high-level pond and running water type circulating water culture as main parts, the problems of low yield, high culture risk, large water discharge, environmental pollution, ecological environment damage and the like exist, and the state is actively governing and banning the culture modes.
In intensive high-density circulating water culture, a large amount of shrimp excrement is generated in the shrimp culture process, and the shrimp excrement continuously exists in culture water, so that water quality is polluted greatly, a large amount of harmful pathogenic bacteria are bred, toxic and harmful substances such as hydrogen sulfide and methane are generated, and the living environment of the shrimps is seriously influenced. The existing circulating system has the disadvantages of complex process, high energy consumption, high wastewater discharge amount, easy formation of sewage deposition at the bottom of the pond, over-standard water quality index at the bottom of the pond, oxygen deficiency at the bottom layer and incapability of timely cleaning dead shrimps, and frequent culture failure of the shrimps.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
In view of this, the utility model aims at the not enough of prior art, provide a simple structure, with low costs, the energy consumption is little, can make the aquaculture water cyclic utilization effectively reduce waste water discharge, the air-blowing formula long-pending dirty blowdown aquaculture device of environment-friendly type.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the utility model adopts the following technical scheme:
an air-blowing type dirt accumulation and discharge aquaculture device comprises a dirt collection pool and a culture pool arranged on one side of the dirt collection pool, wherein a dirt collection and discharge device and a circulating filter are arranged in the culture pool; the water inlet end of the circulating filter is communicated with the sewage collecting tank, and the water outlet end of the circulating filter is a free end;
the sewage collecting and discharging device comprises a sewage sucking mechanism and a sewage collecting mechanism, the sewage sucking mechanism comprises a water inlet pipe communicated with the sewage collecting pool, the other end of the water inlet pipe is respectively connected with a main sewage collecting and discharging pipeline and a vertically arranged sewage collector through a water outlet tee joint, and a sewage sucking disc is arranged below the water inlet end of the main sewage collecting and discharging pipeline;
and a communicated air inlet nozzle is arranged on the outer side wall of the water inlet end of the main sewage collecting and discharging pipeline and is connected with an external air pump through an air blowing hose.
The utility model physically filters large particle impurities such as dried small shrimps, dead shrimps and shrimp dung in the culture pond through the sewage collecting and discharging device, secondarily filters micro particles in the culture water in the sewage collecting pond through the circulating filter, and simultaneously sterilizes the culture water; the method comprises the following steps that the breeding water in a breeding pond can gradually sink impurities into the bottom of the breeding pond in the breeding process of shrimps, the impurities tend to gather at the middle position of the bottom of the breeding pond due to the continuous blowing action of a blowing hose, the breeding water containing the impurities enters a sewage collecting and discharging main pipeline through a sewage sucking disc, the breeding water is blown into a sewage collector under the continuous blowing action of the blowing hose, the breeding water is filtered by the sewage collector to filter large-particle impurities, the breeding water after primary filtering enters the sewage collecting pond through a water inlet pipe, the water in the sewage collecting pond is filtered through a circulating filter to remove small-particle impurities, sterilization treatment is carried out, and the breeding water after secondary treatment enters the breeding pond; the device breaks the state that the culture water in the culture pond is in the stagnant water, so that the culture water can be recycled, the water source is saved, the oxygen content in the culture water is continuously increased in the circulation process of the culture water, and the culture survival rate is increased.
Preferably, the main sewage collecting and discharging pipeline comprises a first sewage discharging pipeline which is connected with one end of the water outlet three-way joint in a sleeved mode, a water outlet pipe which is vertically arranged and is provided with an upward opening is connected with the water outlet end of the first sewage discharging pipeline through a two-way joint, and a second sewage discharging pipeline and a third sewage discharging pipeline which are communicated with the first sewage discharging pipeline through a water inlet three-way joint; the second sewage discharge pipeline and the third sewage discharge pipeline are vertically arranged, and the water outlet pipe penetrates through the sewage collector through the water outlet tee joint.
The main sewage collecting and discharging pipeline adopts a sleeved structure, has reasonable design and small occupied area, and ensures that the whole structure is more compact; the culture water in the culture pond enters the first sewage discharge pipe through the second sewage discharge pipe and enters the sewage collector from the water outlet pipe; the third sewage draining pipeline plays a role in buffering, and the burst of the pipeline caused by too large water quantity is avoided.
Preferably, the dirt collector comprises a cylinder body and a cylinder cover clamped at the top of the cylinder body; the bottom of the barrel is connected with the upper end of the water outlet three-way joint through a return pipe, the lower part of the barrel is provided with a filter screen, and the filter screen is clamped between the water outlet pipe and the barrel. The bung avoids the washing out of water, and the filter screen is used for filtering the large granule impurity of aquaculture aquatic, and the outlet pipe suit is in the backward flow pipe, and the water that flows out by the outlet pipe filters the back through the dirt catcher, and rethread back flow gets into the inlet tube, finally gets into in the collection dirty pond.
Preferably, the top of the water outlet pipe is located in the cylinder, and the upper part of the water outlet pipe is provided with at least one drain hole which is in a long strip shape. The water in the water outlet pipe is divided by the drainage holes, so that all water is prevented from coming out from the water outlet of the water outlet pipe, the impulsive force of water at the water outlet of the water outlet pipe is reduced, and the safety is improved.
Preferably, the diameter of the water outlet pipe is smaller than that of the return pipe.
Preferably, the upper part of the main sewage collecting and discharging pipeline is fixed in the culture pond through a fixing frame, and the bottom of the main sewage collecting and discharging pipeline is fixed through steel wires correspondingly arranged on two sides of the main sewage collecting and discharging pipeline; the bottom of the steel wire is fixed at the bottom of the culture pond through a fixing piece, and the top of the steel wire is fixed on the fixing frame. Avoid the swing of collection dirty blowdown trunk line, make whole structure more stable.
Preferably, an electromagnetic valve is arranged on the air blowing hose. The electromagnetic valve is used for controlling the flow and the opening and closing of the gas in the air blowing hose.
Preferably, the air blowing hose is fixed to the outer side of the circulation filter by a snap. The stability of the air blowing hose at the bottom of the culture pond is improved, and the stability of the air outlet flow and the speed is ensured.
Preferably, a top cover is screwed on the top of the third sewage draining pipeline. Avoiding water from rushing upwards out of the pipeline.
Preferably, the barrel cover is provided with an air outlet. The whole air pressure in the device is adjusted, so that the air pressure inside and outside the whole device is consistent, and the continuous operation of the whole circulation process is ensured.
The utility model has the advantages that:
the water treatment effect of the water treatment tank of the utility model comprises a filtering effect and a sterilizing and disinfecting effect, and the filtering effect mainly takes the solid particle removal rate as the standard and can reach more than 95 percent; the sterilization and disinfection effect is based on the killing rate of bacteria, and the killing rate can reach more than 90%; the biological filtration effect is based on the daily nitrogen removal amount. The utility model adopts the air blowing mode to lead the culture water at the bottom of the culture pond to enter the sewage collector for filtration treatment, and can also realize oxygenation of the water body by the air blowing mode, thus ensuring the basic demand of the cultured species on dissolved oxygen in the culture process; the water outlet pipe and the return pipe are sleeved by adopting a sleeve structure, and water which is fed from the water outlet pipe and subjected to primary filtration flows to the sewage collecting tank through the return pipe, so that the sewage collecting tank is reasonable in design and convenient to install, and the circulation process of the culture water is effectively ensured; the sewage collector is adopted to carry out primary impurity filtration treatment on the culture water, and then the circulating filter is used to carry out secondary filtration and sterilization treatment on the culture water, so that the cyclic utilization of the culture water is ensured, and the survival rate of cultured products is ensured; large-particle impurities in the dirt collector can be taken out manually. The utility model discloses the structure sets up rationally, compact structure, and is easy and simple to handle, and the principle is simple, and is effectual, and the breed article survival rate is high. The utility model provides a circulating water system running cost of small-size plant high, the water treatment ability is not enough, the problem that the blowdown flow is big.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the connection of the dirt catcher;
fig. 3 is a sectional view of the sewage trap.
In the figure: 1 sewage collection pool, 2 culture pools, 3 circulating filters, 4 sewage suction discs, 5 second sewage discharge pipelines, 6 third sewage discharge pipelines, 7 top covers, 8 first sewage discharge pipelines, 9 sewage collection devices, 10 water inlet pipes, 11 water inlet three-way joints, 12 air blowing hoses, 13 water outlet three-way joints, 14 air inlet nozzles, 15 fixing frames, 16 steel wires, 17 electromagnetic valves, 18 water outlet pipes, 19 filter screens, 20 cylinders, 21 cylinder covers, 22 air outlet holes, 23 water outlet holes and 24 two-way pipes.
Detailed Description
The invention is further described with reference to the following figures and examples.
As shown in fig. 1-3, an air-blowing type dirt-accumulating and discharging aquaculture device comprises a dirt collecting pool 1 and a culture pool 2 arranged on one side of the dirt collecting pool 1, wherein a dirt-accumulating and discharging device and a circulating filter 3 are arranged in the culture pool 2; the water inlet end of the circulating filter 3 is communicated with the sewage collecting tank 1, and the water outlet end is a free end.
The dirty waste fitting discharging of collection includes sewage suction mechanism and sewage collection mechanism, sewage suction mechanism include with the inlet tube 10 that collection dirty pond 1 is linked together, the other end of inlet tube 10 is connected with the dirty blowdown trunk line of collection and the dirty ware 9 of collecting of vertical setting respectively through water three way connection 12 the below that the dirty blowdown trunk line of collection intake end is equipped with dirt sucking disc 4.
The main sewage collecting and discharging pipeline comprises a first sewage discharging pipeline 8 which is connected with one end of the water outlet three-way joint 12 in a sleeved mode, a water outlet pipe 18 which is vertically arranged and is provided with an upward opening is connected to the water outlet end of the first sewage discharging pipeline 8 through a two-way pipe 24, and a second sewage discharging pipeline 5 and a third sewage discharging pipeline 6 which are communicated with the first sewage discharging pipeline 8 through a water inlet three-way joint 11; the second sewage discharge pipeline 5 and the third sewage discharge pipeline 6 are vertically arranged, and a top cover 7 is screwed on the top of the third sewage discharge pipeline 6; the water outlet pipe 18 penetrates through the sewage collector 9 through the water outlet tee joint 12, the top of the water outlet pipe 18 is positioned in the cylinder body 20, the upper part of the water outlet pipe 18 is provided with at least one water drainage hole 23, and the water drainage hole 23 is in a long strip shape.
The sewage collector 9 comprises a cylinder body 20 and a cylinder cover 21 clamped at the top of the cylinder body 20, and an air outlet hole 22 is formed in the cylinder cover 21; the bottom of the cylinder body 20 is connected with the upper end of the water outlet three-way joint 12 through a return pipe, the lower part of the cylinder body 20 is provided with a leakage net 19, the leakage net 19 is clamped between the water outlet pipe 18 and the cylinder body 20, and the diameter of the return pipe is larger than that of the water outlet pipe 18.
The outer side wall of the water inlet end of the main sewage collecting and discharging pipeline is provided with a communicated air inlet nozzle 14, and the air inlet nozzle 14 is connected with an external air pump through an air blowing hose 12; an electromagnetic valve 17 is arranged on the blowing hose 12, and the lower end of the blowing hose 12 is fixed on the outer side of the circulating filter 3 through a buckle.
The upper part of the main sewage collecting and discharging pipeline is fixed in the culture pond 2 through a fixing frame 15, and the bottom of the main sewage collecting and discharging pipeline is fixed through steel wires 16 which are correspondingly arranged at two sides of the main sewage collecting and discharging pipeline; the bottom of the steel wire 16 is fixed at the bottom of the culture pond 2 through a fixing piece, and the top of the steel wire is fixed on the fixing frame 15.
The apparatus elements, connections, and controls referred to in the above embodiments are all conventional ones, and may be implemented, unless otherwise specified.
The utility model discloses a concrete working method does: under the driving action of the air flow in the air blowing hose 12, the breeding sewage to be treated in the breeding pond 2 is enabled to swirl towards the center of the breeding pond 2, and the sewage is collected at the bottom; impel water to flow upwards under the effect of air current to get into first collection dirty pipeline, get into in the dirt collector 9 through outlet pipe 18, the water after the filtration of dirt collector 9 falls to the return pipe in through leaking the net 19, gets into in the dirty pond 1 of collection under the drainage effect of return pipe, and the water in the dirty pond 1 of collection carries out secondary filter under the effect of circulating filter 3, later discharges into breeding in the pond 2, makes the water in breeding the pond 2 constitute the circulation.
The embodiment of the utility model provides an in air-blowing formula long-pending dirty blowdown aquaculture device's treatment effect:
1. filtering capacity: the treatment effect (mainly based on the solid particle removal rate) can reach more than 95 percent.
2. Sterilization capability: can effectively kill harmful bacteria, and the killing rate of the harmful bacteria can reach more than 90 percent.
3. An oxygenation mode: the air blowing hose blows air, so that the basic requirement of cultured varieties on dissolved oxygen in the culture process can be ensured.
4. Continuous use time: can be used throughout the year.
The utility model discloses a use case: in the air-blowing type pollution accumulation and pollution discharge aquaculture device, 10 thousand shrimp seedlings with the length of 0.5cm are thrown in, high-grade shrimp feed is thrown in every day, the water quality indexes measured every day do not exceed the standard, and 2200 jin of finished shrimps are produced in total after 3 months of meticulous culture.
Finally, the above embodiments are only used for illustrating the technical solutions of the present invention and not for limiting, and other modifications or equivalent replacements made by the technical solutions of the present invention by those of ordinary skill in the art should be covered within the scope of the claims of the present invention as long as they do not depart from the spirit and scope of the technical solutions of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. An air-blowing type dirt accumulation and discharge aquaculture device comprises a dirt collection pool and a culture pool arranged on one side of the dirt collection pool, and is characterized in that a dirt collection and discharge device and a circulating filter are arranged in the culture pool; the water inlet end of the circulating filter is communicated with the sewage collecting tank, and the water outlet end of the circulating filter is a free end;
the sewage collecting and discharging device comprises a sewage sucking mechanism and a sewage collecting mechanism, the sewage sucking mechanism comprises a water inlet pipe communicated with the sewage collecting pool, the other end of the water inlet pipe is respectively connected with a main sewage collecting and discharging pipeline and a vertically arranged sewage collector through a water outlet tee joint, and a sewage sucking disc is arranged below the water inlet end of the main sewage collecting and discharging pipeline;
and a communicated air inlet nozzle is arranged on the outer side wall of the water inlet end of the main sewage collecting and discharging pipeline and is connected with an external air pump through an air blowing hose.
2. The air-blowing type pollutant accumulation and discharge aquaculture device according to claim 1, wherein the main pollutant collecting and discharge pipeline comprises a first discharge pipeline sleeved and connected with one end of the water outlet three-way joint, a water outlet pipe which is vertically arranged and has an upward opening is connected with the water outlet end of the first discharge pipeline through two ways, and a second discharge pipeline and a third discharge pipeline which are communicated with the first discharge pipeline through the water inlet three-way joint; the second sewage discharge pipeline and the third sewage discharge pipeline are vertically arranged, and the water outlet pipe penetrates through the sewage collector through the water outlet tee joint.
3. The air-blowing type dirt accumulation and discharge aquaculture device of claim 2, wherein the dirt collector comprises a cylinder body and a cylinder cover clamped on the top of the cylinder body; the bottom of the barrel is connected with the upper end of the water outlet three-way joint through a return pipe, the lower part of the barrel is provided with a filter screen, and the filter screen is clamped between the water outlet pipe and the barrel.
4. An air-blown fouling and blowdown aquaculture device according to claim 3 wherein the top of said water outlet pipe is located within said barrel and at least one drain hole is provided in the upper portion of said water outlet pipe, said drain hole being elongated.
5. An air-blown fouling discharge aquaculture device according to claim 3 wherein the diameter of said outlet pipe is smaller than the diameter of said return pipe.
6. The air-blowing type dirt accumulation and discharge aquaculture device according to claim 1, wherein the upper part of the main dirt collecting and discharge pipeline is fixed in the aquaculture pond through a fixing frame, and the bottom part of the main dirt collecting and discharge pipeline is fixed through steel wires correspondingly arranged on two sides of the main dirt collecting and discharge pipeline; the bottom of the steel wire is fixed at the bottom of the culture pond through a fixing piece, and the top of the steel wire is fixed on the fixing frame.
7. An air-blowing type pollution-accumulating and sewage-discharging aquaculture device according to claim 1, wherein an electromagnetic valve is arranged on the air-blowing hose.
8. An air-blown fouling discharge aquaculture device according to claim 1 wherein said air-blowing hose is fastened to the outside of said recirculation filter by means of a snap fit.
9. An air-blown fouling-discharge aquaculture device according to claim 2, characterized in that a top cover is screwed on top of said third discharge pipe.
10. An air-blowing type dirt and sewage accumulation aquaculture device according to claim 3, wherein an air outlet hole is formed in the barrel cover.
CN201920254055.3U 2019-02-28 2019-02-28 Air-blowing type pollution accumulation and discharge aquaculture device Active CN209931243U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920254055.3U CN209931243U (en) 2019-02-28 2019-02-28 Air-blowing type pollution accumulation and discharge aquaculture device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920254055.3U CN209931243U (en) 2019-02-28 2019-02-28 Air-blowing type pollution accumulation and discharge aquaculture device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN209931243U true CN209931243U (en) 2020-01-14

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201920254055.3U Active CN209931243U (en) 2019-02-28 2019-02-28 Air-blowing type pollution accumulation and discharge aquaculture device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN209931243U (en)

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Address after: 453400 Changcun Town Circular Economy Industrial Park, Changyuan County, Xinxiang City, Henan Province

Patentee after: Henan Pushan Aquatic Technology Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 453000 in Henan water investment park, circular economy industrial park, Changcun Town, Changyuan County, Xinxiang City, Henan Province

Patentee before: HENAN PUSHAN AQUATIC PRODUCTS Co.,Ltd.