CN209850623U - Continuous material conveying workbench for deburring ratchet wheel - Google Patents

Continuous material conveying workbench for deburring ratchet wheel Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209850623U
CN209850623U CN201920706627.7U CN201920706627U CN209850623U CN 209850623 U CN209850623 U CN 209850623U CN 201920706627 U CN201920706627 U CN 201920706627U CN 209850623 U CN209850623 U CN 209850623U
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China
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plate
deburring
gear
synchronous gear
driven
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CN201920706627.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李良海
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Wuxi Lianglutong Technology Co Ltd
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Wuxi Lianglutong Technology Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a continuous material conveying workbench for deburring of a ratchet wheel, which comprises a feeding device, a material blocking device, a polishing device and a discharging device; the feeding device comprises a plurality of conveying rollers arranged on the first side plate; the plurality of conveying rollers are arranged into two rows of first transmission chains; a positioning device and a material blocking device are sequentially arranged on one side of the first transmission chain; the polishing device is fixed on one side of the platform plate, and the limiting device is arranged in the center of the platform plate; the limiting device comprises a second truss, a conical head and a servo motor; the conical head penetrates through the second truss, and a straight rod is arranged at one large-diameter end of the conical head; a driven belt pulley is sleeved outside the straight rod; a driving belt pulley is sleeved on an output shaft of the servo motor; the annular belt is tensioned on the driving belt pulley and the driven belt pulley in sequence; the blanking device comprises a plurality of conveying rollers arranged on the second side plate; the plurality of conveying rollers are arranged in two rows of the second transmission chain. The utility model discloses traditional artifical conveying has been replaced.

Description

Continuous material conveying workbench for deburring ratchet wheel
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a spare part processing field, in particular to ratchet burring is with workstation of defeated material in succession.
Background
Burrs on mechanical parts are caused by plastic deformation in the cutting process; some are flashes for casting, die forging, etc., and some are welding extrusion residues. With the improvement of industrialization and automation degree, in the field of mechanical processing, particularly in the fields of aviation, aerospace and instruments and meters, the manufacturing precision requirement of mechanical parts is improved, the mechanism design is miniaturized, the harmfulness of burrs is particularly obvious, people gradually pay attention to the generation mechanism and the removal method of the burrs, and research is started on the generation mechanism and the removal method of the burrs.
As the modern process standard becomes higher and higher, the requirements of precision, finish and the like of gears, which are indispensable parts in industrial production, become more and more strict. The polishing and deburring of the gear becomes a problem that the industrial manufacturer has to pay attention to the treatment.
The existing manual deburring mode is characterized in that the loading, polishing and blanking operations are all completed manually, namely manual loading and unloading, and a large amount of manpower and time are consumed. In the manual positioning process, due to long-time repeated work, the condition that the marking position is deviated due to the fact that the marking signal is triggered when the workpiece is not placed at the proper position of the tool is very easy to occur. When workpieces of different specifications are replaced, the positioning tool needs to be manufactured or adjusted again, and the repositioning cost is high.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
Not enough to prior art, the utility model discloses a ratchet burring is with workstation of defeated material in succession.
The utility model discloses the technical scheme who adopts as follows:
a continuous material conveying workbench for deburring of a ratchet comprises a feeding device, a material blocking device, a polishing device and a discharging device; the feeding device comprises a plurality of conveying rollers arranged on the first side plate; the plurality of conveying rollers are arranged into two rows of first transmission chains; the bottom of the first side plate is fixed on the first truss; a positioning device and a material blocking device are sequentially arranged on one side of the first transmission chain; the positioning device comprises a portal bracket and a positioning head driven by a first cylinder; the bottom of the door type support is fixed on the first truss; the material blocking device is arranged on the moving device capable of moving transversely; the polishing device is fixed on one side of the platform plate, and the limiting device is arranged in the center of the platform plate; the limiting device comprises a second truss, a conical head and a servo motor; the conical head penetrates through the second truss, and a straight rod is arranged at one large-diameter end of the conical head; a driven belt pulley is sleeved outside the straight rod; a driving belt pulley is sleeved on an output shaft of the servo motor; an annular belt is tensioned on the driving belt pulley and the driven belt pulley in sequence, and the servo motor drives the conical head to rotate automatically; the blanking device comprises a plurality of conveying rollers arranged on the second side plate; the plurality of conveying rollers are arranged into two rows of second transmission chains; the bottom of the second side plate is fixed on the third truss; a blowing chamber is arranged between the second transmission chains.
The method is further characterized in that: the material blocking device comprises an X-shaped block, a jacking support driven to lift by a second cylinder and a first connecting plate; the X-shaped block is connected with the jacking support through a right-angle support; a piston rod of the second cylinder is connected with the jacking support; the right-angle support is clamped in a groove formed in the jacking support; the top of the jacking support is connected with the moving and conveying device through a first connecting plate.
The method is further characterized in that: the moving and transporting device comprises a horizontal sliding rail, a sliding block and a third air cylinder, wherein the sliding block and the third air cylinder are installed on the horizontal sliding rail; an inverted L-shaped second connecting plate is fixed on the sliding block; a piston rod of the third cylinder is connected with the sliding block; the second connecting plate is riveted with the first connecting plate, and the material blocking device is installed on the moving and conveying device.
The method is further characterized in that: the polishing device comprises a first deburring device and a second deburring device which are respectively arranged above and below the rack; the first deburring device and the second deburring device respectively comprise a three-phase asynchronous motor, a steering conveying device and a polishing sheet; the steering conveying device comprises a first synchronous gear set, a second synchronous gear set, a rack and a steering transmission shaft; the first synchronous gear set and the second synchronous gear set both comprise a driving gear and a driven gear which are meshed with each other; the driven gear of the first synchronous gear set is connected with the driven gear of the second synchronous gear set through a steering transmission shaft; a driving gear of the first synchronous gear set is sleeved on an output shaft of the three-phase asynchronous motor; the driven gear of the first synchronous gear set is arranged on the rack on the inner wall of the shield; the polishing sheet is arranged on the power shaft; a driving gear of the second synchronous gear set is sleeved on the power shaft; and the driven gear of the second synchronous gear set is arranged on the rack on the inner wall of the shield.
The method is further characterized in that: the blowing chamber is controlled to intake air or cut off air by a pneumatic ball valve; comprises a plurality of parallel blowing pipes connected through a tee; the blowing pipe is provided with a plurality of blowing openings.
The method is further characterized in that: a blanking port with an inverted trapezoidal section is formed below the limiting device; an ash collecting box is arranged below the blanking port.
The utility model has the advantages as follows:
1. the utility model discloses replace traditional artifical conveying, alleviateed workman's the intensity of labour and the degree of difficulty, improved work efficiency and quality, made outstanding contribution on the reduction in production cost.
2. The utility model discloses realize the automatic mechanical device of transport according to certain orbit and requirement, make polishing effectual, work efficiency is high, life is permanent.
3. The design is compact, the butt joint automatic assembly line operation can be realized, and the manual emptying operation of an independent unit can be realized.
4. The utility model relates to a ratchet burnishing device realizes that full-automatic burring is polished only need alone supplementary can, liberates the labour completely, reduces the cost of labor.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic view of a feeding device and a positioning device.
Fig. 3 is a schematic view of a position limiting device.
Fig. 4 is a schematic diagram of the material blocking device and the moving device.
Fig. 5 is a schematic view of a polishing apparatus.
In the figure: 1. a platform plate; 21. a first side plate; 22. a first drive chain; 23. a first truss; 31. a door-type support; 32. a first cylinder; 33. positioning the head; 41. an X-type block; 42. a second cylinder; 43. jacking a support; 44. a first connecting plate; 51. a horizontal slide rail; 52. a third cylinder; 53. a second connecting plate; 61. a second truss; 62. a conical head; 63. a servo motor; 64. a straight rod; 71. a second side plate; 72. A second drive chain; 73. a third truss; 81. a three-phase asynchronous motor; 82. polishing the sheet; 83. a shield; 84. a power shaft; 9. a blowing chamber; 91. a blowing pipe; 92. and (4) a blowing opening.
Detailed Description
The following describes a specific embodiment of the present embodiment with reference to the drawings.
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of the present invention. As shown in figure 1, the continuous conveying workbench for deburring the ratchet comprises a feeding device, a material blocking device, a polishing device and a discharging device.
Fig. 2 is a schematic view of a feeding device. As shown in fig. 2, the feeding device includes a plurality of conveying rollers mounted on the first side plate 21. The plurality of conveying rollers are arranged in two rows of the first transmission chain 22. The bottom of the first side plate 21 is fixed to a first truss 23. One side of the first transmission chain 22 is provided with a positioning device and a material blocking device in sequence.
The positioning device comprises a portal frame 31 and a positioning head 33 driven by a first cylinder 32. The bottom of the portal frame 31 is fixed to the first girder 23. The material blocking device is arranged on the moving and conveying device capable of moving transversely. The polishing device is fixed on one side of the platform plate 1, and the limiting device is installed in the center of the platform plate 1.
Fig. 3 is a schematic view of a limiting device and a material blocking device. As shown in fig. 3, the limiting means includes a second girder 61, a conical head 62, and a servo motor 63. The conical head 62 passes through the second truss 61, and the large diameter end of the conical head 62 is provided with a straight rod 64. The straight rod 64 is externally sleeved with a driven pulley. A driving belt pulley is sleeved on an output shaft of the servo motor 63. The endless belt is tensioned in turn on a drive pulley and a driven pulley, the servomotor 63 driving the conical head 62 to self-rotate. The blanking device includes a plurality of conveying rollers mounted on the second side plate 71. The plurality of conveying rollers are arranged in two rows of the second transmission chain 72. The bottom of the second side plate 71 is fixed to a third girder 73. The blowing chambers 9 are arranged between the second transmission chains 72.
The material blocking device comprises an X-shaped block 41, a jacking support 43 driven to lift by a second air cylinder 42 and a first connecting plate 44. The X-shaped block 41 is connected to the jacking abutment 43 by a right angle support. The piston rod of the second cylinder 42 is connected to the jacking seat 43. The right-angle support is clamped in a groove formed in the jacking support 43. The top of the jacking seat 43 is connected with the transfer device through a first connecting plate 44.
Fig. 4 is a schematic view of the transfer device. As shown in fig. 4, the transfer device includes a horizontal slide rail 51, a slider mounted on the horizontal slide rail 51, and a third cylinder 52. An inverted-L-shaped second connecting plate 53 is fixed to the slider. The piston rod of the third cylinder 52 is connected to the slider. The second connecting plate 53 is riveted with the first connecting plate 44, and the material blocking device is installed on the moving and conveying device.
Fig. 5 is a schematic view of a polishing apparatus. As shown in fig. 5, the polishing apparatus includes a first deburring device and a second deburring device installed above and below the frame, respectively. First burring device and second burring dress all install on the mounting panel of frame, and the mounting panel passes through. The first deburring device and the second deburring device each include a three-phase asynchronous motor 81, a steering conveying device, and a polishing sheet 82. The steering conveying device comprises a first synchronous gear set, a second synchronous gear set, a rack and a steering transmission shaft. The first synchronous gear set and the second synchronous gear set both comprise a driving gear and a driven gear which are meshed with each other. The driven gear of the first synchronous gear set and the driven gear of the second synchronous gear set are connected through a steering transmission shaft. The driving gear of the first synchronous gear set is sleeved on the output shaft of the three-phase asynchronous motor 81. The driven gear of the first synchronous gear set is mounted on a rack on the inner wall of the shroud 83. The polishing pad 82 is mounted on a power shaft 84. The driving gear of the second synchronous gear set is sleeved on the power shaft 84. The driven gear of the second synchronizing gear set is mounted on a rack on the inner wall of the shroud 83.
The blowing chamber 9 is controlled by a pneumatic ball valve to supply air or cut off air. Comprising a plurality of parallel blowing tubes 91 connected by a tee. The blowing pipe 91 is provided with a plurality of blowing ports 92.
A blanking port with an inverted trapezoidal section is arranged below the limiting device. An ash collecting box is arranged below the blanking port.
The utility model discloses the during operation, a plurality of ratchets are by first driving chain 22 through loading attachment. The piston rod of the first cylinder 32 pushes the positioning head 33 to press down, and the positioning head 33 puts the ratchet wheel on the first transmission chain 22 to be flat and sequentially transmits the ratchet wheel to the limiting device. The through hole in the center of the ratchet wheel is sleeved on the conical head 62 to limit the ratchet wheel at the position of the limiting device. The piston rod of the second cylinder 42 pushes the jacking support 43 to drive the inner wall of the X-shaped block 41 to be attached to the tooth surface of the ratchet wheel, and the X-shaped block 41 separates the ratchet wheel from the ratchet wheel.
After the ratchet tooth surface reaches the deburring station, the distance between the polishing sheet 82 of the first deburring device and the polishing sheet 82 of the second deburring device is adjusted according to the thickness of the ratchet to be machined, and the polishing sheet 82 is made to contact the surface of the ratchet. The two three-phase asynchronous motors 81 are started simultaneously, and the polishing sheet 82 is rotated through gear and rack transmission to remove burrs. After the deburring is completed, the two three-phase asynchronous motors 81 stop rotating, and the ratchet wheel is taken out simultaneously, and dust or dust enters the blanking port and then is discharged to the dust collection box.
After the ratchet wheel is polished, the ratchet wheel is conveyed by the second transmission chain 72 and simultaneously passes through the blowing chamber 9, and dust or dust on the surface of the ratchet wheel is further blown by the blowing opening 92. At this point, a complete action is completed.
The above description is for the purpose of explanation and not limitation of the invention, which is defined in the claims, and any modifications may be made without departing from the basic structure of the invention.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides a ratchet burring is with workstation of defeated material in succession which characterized in that: comprises a feeding device, a material blocking device, a polishing device and a discharging device; the feeding device comprises a plurality of conveying rollers arranged on a first side plate (21); a plurality of conveying rollers are arranged in two rows of first transmission chains (22); the bottom of the first side plate (21) is fixed on a first truss (23); one side of the first transmission chain (22) is sequentially provided with a positioning device and a material blocking device; the positioning device comprises a portal bracket (31) and a positioning head (33) driven by a first air cylinder (32); the bottom of the door type support (31) is fixed on the first truss (23); the material blocking device is arranged on the moving device capable of moving transversely; the polishing device is fixed on one side of the platform plate (1), and the limiting device is arranged in the center of the platform plate (1); the limiting device comprises a second truss (61), a conical head (62) and a servo motor (63); the conical head (62) penetrates through the second truss (61), and a straight rod (64) is installed at one end with the large diameter of the conical head (62); a driven belt pulley is sleeved outside the straight rod (64); a driving belt pulley is sleeved on an output shaft of the servo motor (63); an annular belt is tensioned on the driving belt pulley and the driven belt pulley in sequence, and the servo motor (63) drives the conical head (62) to rotate automatically; the blanking device comprises a plurality of conveying rollers arranged on the second side plate (71); a plurality of conveying rollers are arranged in two rows of second transmission chains (72); the bottom of the second side plate (71) is fixed on the third truss (73); a blowing chamber (9) is arranged between the second transmission chains (72).
2. The continuous feeding workbench for deburring of ratchets, according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the material blocking device comprises an X-shaped block (41), a jacking support (43) driven by a second air cylinder (42) to lift and a first connecting plate (44); the X-shaped block (41) is connected with the jacking support (43) through a right-angle support; a piston rod of the second air cylinder (42) is connected with the jacking support (43); the right-angle support is clamped in a groove formed in the jacking support (43); the top of the jacking support (43) is connected with the moving device through a first connecting plate (44).
3. The continuous feeding workbench for deburring of ratchet wheels as claimed in claim 1 or 2, wherein: the moving and transporting device comprises a horizontal sliding rail (51), a sliding block and a third air cylinder (52), wherein the sliding block and the third air cylinder are installed on the horizontal sliding rail (51); an inverted L-shaped second connecting plate (53) is fixed on the sliding block; a piston rod of the third cylinder (52) is connected with the sliding block; the second connecting plate (53) is riveted with the first connecting plate (44), and the material blocking device is installed on the moving and conveying device.
4. The continuous feeding workbench for deburring of ratchets, according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the polishing device comprises a first deburring device and a second deburring device which are respectively arranged above and below the rack; the first deburring device and the second deburring device respectively comprise a three-phase asynchronous motor (81), a steering conveying device and a polishing sheet (82); the steering conveying device comprises a first synchronous gear set, a second synchronous gear set, a rack and a steering transmission shaft; the first synchronous gear set and the second synchronous gear set both comprise a driving gear and a driven gear which are meshed with each other; the driven gear of the first synchronous gear set is connected with the driven gear of the second synchronous gear set through a steering transmission shaft; a driving gear of the first synchronous gear set is sleeved on an output shaft of the three-phase asynchronous motor (81); the driven gear of the first synchronous gear set is arranged on the rack on the inner wall of the shield (83); the polishing sheet (82) is arranged on the power shaft (84); a driving gear of the second synchronous gear set is sleeved on a power shaft (84); the driven gear of the second synchronous gear set is arranged on the rack on the inner wall of the shield (83).
5. The continuous feeding workbench for deburring of ratchets, according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the blowing chamber (9) is controlled to intake air or cut off air by a pneumatic ball valve; comprises a plurality of parallel blowing pipes (91) connected through a tee; the blowing pipe (91) is provided with a plurality of blowing openings (92).
6. The continuous feeding workbench for deburring of ratchets, according to claim 1, is characterized in that: a blanking port with an inverted trapezoidal section is formed below the limiting device; an ash collecting box is arranged below the blanking port.
CN201920706627.7U 2019-05-16 2019-05-16 Continuous material conveying workbench for deburring ratchet wheel Active CN209850623U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920706627.7U CN209850623U (en) 2019-05-16 2019-05-16 Continuous material conveying workbench for deburring ratchet wheel

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920706627.7U CN209850623U (en) 2019-05-16 2019-05-16 Continuous material conveying workbench for deburring ratchet wheel

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN209850623U true CN209850623U (en) 2019-12-27

Family

ID=68941276

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201920706627.7U Active CN209850623U (en) 2019-05-16 2019-05-16 Continuous material conveying workbench for deburring ratchet wheel

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN209850623U (en)

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