CN209806711U - A morning and evening tides formula irrigation system for river course bank protection greenbelt - Google Patents

A morning and evening tides formula irrigation system for river course bank protection greenbelt Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209806711U
CN209806711U CN201920402169.8U CN201920402169U CN209806711U CN 209806711 U CN209806711 U CN 209806711U CN 201920402169 U CN201920402169 U CN 201920402169U CN 209806711 U CN209806711 U CN 209806711U
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China
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planting
irrigation system
groove
planting groove
water
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CN201920402169.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张丹
张茂
许家祺
许文阁
刘少君
杨小利
王俊华
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Henan City Gardener Gardening Co Ltd
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Henan City Gardener Gardening Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a tide type irrigation system for a riverway slope protection green belt, which comprises a plurality of planting grooves which are arranged in a planting area on a slope body and are transversely arranged in rows, a water pump for extracting river water in the riverway, a water supply pipe for communicating the water pump with a first planting groove of which the planting area is positioned at the outermost side of the uppermost end, a connecting pipe for sequentially and snakelike communicating the first planting groove with other planting grooves from the first row to the lower part, and a sewer pipe for communicating the last planting groove with the riverway; the river irrigation in the water pump extraction river course, the tank cavity in the first planting groove is at first full of river, guarantees to irrigate fully, and unnecessary river gets into next planting groove under the drive of rivers in the first planting groove to this analogizes, realizes watering in proper order in each planting groove, and the tank cavity in the last planting groove is full of the back, and the river spills over, gets back to in the river course, can guarantee that this kind of planting district waters evenly, and the plant in each planting groove of assurance all obtains watering.

Description

A morning and evening tides formula irrigation system for river course bank protection greenbelt
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of irrigation, concretely relates to morning and evening tides formula irrigation system for river course bank protection greenbelt.
Background
Traditional river course bank protection form mainly is the masonry structure, although when satisfying the functional requirement of bank protection, nevertheless less pleasing to the eye, and has destroyed the original ecological physiognomy of river course. Present bank protection is mostly ecological bank protection, and ecological bank protection is that the basic knowledge of subject such as comprehensive engineering mechanics, soil science, ecology and botany is strutted slope or side slope, forms the comprehensive bank protection system of compriseing plant or engineering and plant, and ecological bank protection can resume the slope protection mode of destroyed natural ecological environment again on the basis of satisfying the stable requirement in side slope top layer, is an effectual bank protection, solid slope means.
Present ecological bank protection is plant the plant on the slope body mostly, leaves the road on the top of the slope and can supply pedestrian's walking or vehicle to pass through, then sets up the drain pipe at the top of the slope, can do benefit to the utilization of water resource in the ponding drainage river course of top of the slope, and the maintenance of slope body plant is that pre-buried pipeline carries out direct watering or sprinkling irrigation more, or artifical watering, and the maintenance cost is high, also causes the plant to water unevenly easily, is unfavorable for vegetation.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims at overcoming prior art not enough and providing a morning and evening tides formula irrigation system for river course bank protection greenbelt, utilize river course water irrigation bank protection plant, can irrigate abundant, the irrigation is even to the bank protection plant.
The technical scheme of the utility model as follows:
the utility model provides a morning and evening tides formula irrigation system for river course bank protection greenbelt, be called irrigation system for short, including set up on the slope in plant the district and transversely arrange a plurality of planting grooves in row, a water pump for extracting river water in the river course, a water-supply pipe for being located the first planting groove intercommunication of the top outside with water pump and planting district, be used for with first planting groove and other planting groove from first row in proper order snakelike connecting pipe that feeds through downwards and be used for the downcomer of last planting groove and river course intercommunication that feeds through.
Further, the irrigation system further comprises an automatic irrigation module, and the automatic irrigation module is used for controlling the irrigation starting time and the irrigation duration of the water pump.
Further, irrigation system still includes the soil moisture sensor who sets up in last planting groove soil layer, soil moisture sensor is connected with automatic irrigation module electricity.
Furthermore, the irrigation system further comprises a water flow sensor arranged on the sewer pipe, and the water flow sensor is electrically connected with the automatic irrigation module.
Furthermore, the irrigation system also comprises a filter screen, wherein the filter screen is arranged on the water inlet of the water pump or on the pipeline in front of the water inlet.
Furthermore, plant the groove including the water jacket main part with set up the inside groove in the water jacket main part, the periphery of inside groove is provided with a plurality of apopores.
Furthermore, the upper parts of the left and right side walls of the planting grooves are provided with water inlets and water outlets, and the connecting pipe is arranged in the water inlets and the water outlets and is used for communicating the two adjacent planting grooves which are adjacent left and right or up and down.
Furthermore, one end of the water inlet/outlet close to the planting groove cavity is provided with a flange, and the flange is used for limiting the final position of the connecting pipe in the water inlet/outlet.
Further, the planting device also comprises a groove fixing piece for anchoring the planting groove, wherein the groove fixing piece comprises an L-shaped upper limiting part and a lower fixing part which is connected to one end of the upper limiting part and is provided with a hook part or a tip part.
Furthermore, plant the groove and include outer groove main part and set up the fixed foot in outer groove main part both sides wall bottom, fixed foot has the anchor hole.
Furthermore, the planting groove comprises air holes, and the air holes are arranged at the bottom of the planting groove or at the lower part of the corresponding lower side surface when the planting groove is arranged on a slope body.
It should be noted that, usually there will be the pavement on the bank protection and the bank protection plant planting district separated by the pavement, the utility model discloses a set up planting groove in planting the district, plant is planted in planting groove, wherein the preferred three-dimensional hole culture medium of high strength that uses in chinese patent CN201711295728.1 of cultivation soil.
Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are that:
1. the water pump pumps river in the river channel for irrigation, the cavity in the first planting groove is filled with river water at first to ensure full irrigation, redundant river water in the first planting groove enters the next planting groove under the driving of water flow, and the like, so that the sequential irrigation of all the planting grooves is realized, and after the cavity in the last planting groove is filled with river water, the river water overflows and returns to the river channel, so that the uniform irrigation of the planting area can be ensured, and the plants in all the planting grooves are ensured to be irrigated;
2. the automatic irrigation module can realize automatic irrigation, can set irrigation initial time and irrigation duration time, does not need to manually start a water pump switch for irrigation, saves time and labor and saves manpower; the water shortage condition of the plants is detected by arranging the soil moisture sensor, and meanwhile, the comparison module is arranged on the soil moisture sensor or the automatic irrigation module, so that comparison can be carried out according to the preset soil moisture content and timely irrigation can be carried out; by arranging the water flow sensor, when the water flow sensor detects that water flows through the sewer pipe, the irrigation of a planting area is finished, signal feedback can be carried out, the automatic irrigation module controls the water pump to stop pumping water, and the irrigation is stopped;
3. the air holes can control the moisture in the planting groove besides the ventilation function, prevent the root system of the plant from soaking rotten roots for a long time and prolong the survival time of the slope protection plant; the slope protection plants are planted in the inner groove by using the cultivation soil structure, after the plants die, the inner groove communicated plants can be directly taken out together, and the dead plants can be replaced conveniently and quickly; the planting groove can be directly fixed on the slope body through the groove fixing piece, and can also be fixed on the slope protection through the anchoring foot through the anchoring nail; the flange serves to limit the final position of the connecting tube in the inlet/outlet.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of the present invention in application.
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural view of a planting groove according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a schematic view of the connection between the connection pipe and the side wall of the planting groove according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a schematic view of a slot attachment according to an embodiment of the present invention.
In the figure, a water pump 1, an automatic irrigation module 11, a water feeding pipe 21, a connecting pipe 22, a sewer pipe 24, a planting groove 3, an inner groove 31, a water outlet hole 32, an outer groove main body 33, a water inlet/outlet hole 34, a fixing foot 35, an anchoring hole 36, an air hole 37, a flange 371, a first planting groove 38, a last planting groove 39, a soil moisture sensor 4, a water flow sensor 5, a river channel 6, a slope body 7, a groove fixing part 8, an upper limiting part 81 and a lower fixing part 82 are arranged.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative work belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
As shown in fig. 1-5, a tidal irrigation system for a green belt of a river course slope protection, called simply irrigation system, comprises a plurality of planting grooves 3 which are arranged in a planting area on a slope 7 and are transversely arranged in a row, a water pump 1 for pumping river water in a river course 6, a water supply pipe 21 for communicating the water pump 1 with a first planting groove 38 of the planting area located at the outermost side of the uppermost end, a connecting pipe 22 for sequentially and snakely communicating the first planting groove 38 with other planting grooves 3 from the first row to the bottom, and a sewer pipe 24 for communicating the last planting groove 39 with the river course; that is, the utility model discloses a plant groove 3 and be the matrix arrangement on the whole, perhaps arrange for the matrix of dislocation, for the convenience of explanation, will irrigate the first groove of planting in the order and mark as first planting groove 38, will irrigate the last groove of planting in the order and mark as last planting groove 39.
As shown in fig. 1, preferably, the irrigation system further includes an automatic irrigation module 11, the automatic irrigation module 11 is configured to control an irrigation start time and an irrigation duration of the water pump, the automatic irrigation module includes a human-computer interaction interface and a main control chip, and for the prior art, an existing automatic irrigation timer in the market may also be directly used; can realize automatic watering through automatic irrigation module 11, can set for and irrigate initial time, irrigate duration, need not the manual work again and open water pump switch and irrigate, labour saving and time saving practices thrift the manpower
As shown in fig. 1, preferably, the irrigation system further comprises a soil moisture sensor 4 disposed in the soil layer of the last planting groove 39, the soil moisture sensor 4 being electrically connected with the automatic irrigation module 11; the water shortage condition of the plants is detected by arranging the soil moisture sensor, and meanwhile, the comparison module is arranged on the soil moisture sensor or the automatic irrigation module, so that comparison can be carried out according to the preset soil moisture content and timely irrigation can be carried out; the comparison module is prior art.
As shown in fig. 1, the irrigation system preferably further comprises a water flow sensor 5 disposed on the downcomer 24, the water flow sensor 5 being electrically connected to the automatic irrigation module 11; through setting up the rivers sensor, when the rivers sensor detects that there is rivers to pass through in the downcomer, then explain that the watering in a planting district has been accomplished, can carry out signal feedback and stop pumping water, stop irrigating by automatic irrigation module control water pump.
Preferably, irrigation system still includes the filter screen, and the filter screen sets up on the water inlet of water pump 1 or on the pipeline before the water inlet to filter branch, rubbish etc. in the river, prevent that water-supply pipe 21, connecting pipe 22 and inlet outlet 34 from blockking up, influencing irrigation efficiency.
The shape of the planting groove 3 is not limited as long as the planting groove can be stably placed on the slope body 7, and the planting groove can be square, circular, triangular or special-shaped.
Preferably, as shown in fig. 3, the planting tank 3 comprises an outer tank body 33 and an inner tank 31 arranged in the outer tank body 33, and a plurality of water outlet holes 32 are arranged on the periphery of the inner tank 31; the water outlet 32 is a hole formed in the side wall and the bottom of the inner tank, or may be a long hole extending from the side wall to the middle of the bottom; preferably, the outlet holes 32 are formed in the middle and lower regions of the inner tank 31.
Specifically, the upper portions of the left and right side walls of the planting groove 3 are provided with a water inlet and outlet 34, the connecting pipe 22 is arranged in the water inlet and outlet 34 and communicates the two adjacent planting grooves 3, wherein the two adjacent planting grooves are adjacent left and right or up and down, preferably, one end of the water inlet and outlet 34 close to the groove cavity of the planting groove 3 is provided with a flange 371, and the flange 371 is used for limiting the final position of the connecting pipe 22 in the water inlet and outlet 34.
In order to fix the planting groove 3 on the slope body 7, optionally, the irrigation system further comprises a groove fixing member 8 for anchoring the planting groove 3, the groove fixing member 8 comprising an upper retainer 81 of "L" shape and a lower fixing portion 82 having a hook portion or a tip portion connected to one end of the upper retainer 81; the L-shaped part of the upper limiting part 81 is used for hooking the upper edge of the planting groove 3 and limiting the upper edge of the planting groove 3 from falling out of the upper limiting part 81 after being fixed; a hook or a tip is provided at the end of the lower fixing portion 82 to facilitate the insertion of the lower fixing portion 82 into the slope body 7.
In order to fix the planting groove 3 on the slope body 7, optionally, the planting groove 3 comprises an outer groove main body 33 and fixing feet 35 arranged at the bottom of the two side walls of the outer groove main body, the fixing feet are provided with anchoring holes 36, so that the planting groove 3 is fixed through anchoring nails 31 or anchoring rods, the anchoring nails 31 are enlarged by nails with linings in the prior art or similar anchoring nails for fixing heat-insulating boards, and the anchoring rods are slope protection brick inserting rods and retaining wall anchoring rods in the prior art.
Preferably, in order to ensure the ventilation of the plant root system and prevent root rot, the planting groove 3 is provided with a ventilation hole 37, and the ventilation hole is arranged at the bottom of the planting groove 3 or at the lower part of the corresponding lower side surface when the planting groove 3 is arranged on the slope body 7.
Although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that modifications may be made to the embodiments or portions thereof without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a morning and evening tides formula irrigation system for river course bank protection greenbelt which characterized in that: the planting device comprises a plurality of planting grooves (3) which are arranged in a planting area on a slope body (7) and are transversely arranged in rows, a water pump (1) for pumping river water in a river channel (6), an upper water pipe (21) for communicating the water pump (1) with a first planting groove (38) which is located on the outermost side of the uppermost end of the planting area, a connecting pipe (22) for sequentially communicating the first planting groove (38) with other planting grooves (3) in a snake shape from a first row downwards, and a sewer pipe (24) for communicating the last planting groove (39) with the river channel.
2. The tidal irrigation system for the riverway slope protection green belt as claimed in claim 1, wherein the tidal irrigation system comprises: the automatic irrigation system further comprises an automatic irrigation module (11), wherein the automatic irrigation module (11) is used for controlling the irrigation starting time and the irrigation duration of the water pump.
3. The tidal irrigation system for the riverway slope protection green belt as claimed in claim 2, wherein: still including setting up soil moisture sensor (4) in last planting groove (39) soil layer, soil moisture sensor (4) are connected with automatic irrigation module (11) electricity.
4. The tidal irrigation system for the riverway slope protection green belt as claimed in claim 2, wherein: the automatic irrigation system is characterized by further comprising a water flow sensor (5) arranged on the sewer pipe (24), wherein the water flow sensor (5) is electrically connected with the automatic irrigation module (11).
5. The tidal irrigation system for the riverway slope protection green belt as claimed in claim 1, wherein the tidal irrigation system comprises: the water pump is characterized by further comprising a filter screen, wherein the filter screen is arranged on the water inlet of the water pump (1) or on a pipeline in front of the water inlet.
6. The tidal irrigation system for the riverway slope protection green belt according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein: the planting tank (3) comprises an outer tank main body (33) and an inner tank (31) arranged in the outer tank main body (33), and a plurality of water outlet holes (32) are formed in the periphery of the inner tank (31).
7. The tidal irrigation system for the riverway slope protection green belt as claimed in claim 6, wherein the tidal irrigation system comprises: the upper parts of the left side wall and the right side wall of the outer groove main body (33) are provided with water inlet and outlet ports (34), and the connecting pipe (22) is arranged in the water inlet and outlet ports (34) and is used for communicating two adjacent planting grooves (3) which are adjacent left and right or up and down.
8. The tidal irrigation system for the riverway slope protection green belt as claimed in claim 6, wherein the tidal irrigation system comprises: plant groove (3) including bleeder vent (37), bleeder vent (37) set up in the bottom of planting groove (3) or plant the lower part of the downside that groove (3) correspond when setting up on slope body (7).
9. The tidal irrigation system for the riverway slope protection green belt as claimed in claim 6, wherein the tidal irrigation system comprises: the planting device is characterized by further comprising a groove fixing piece (8) which is arranged on one side of the planting groove (3) and used for anchoring the planting groove (3), wherein the groove fixing piece (8) comprises an L-shaped upper limiting part (81) and a lower fixing part (82) which is connected to one end of the upper limiting part (81) and is provided with a hook part or a tip part.
10. The tidal irrigation system for the riverway slope protection green belt as claimed in claim 6, wherein the tidal irrigation system comprises: the planting groove (3) comprises fixing feet (35) arranged at the bottoms of the two side walls of the outer groove main body (33), and the fixing feet are provided with anchoring holes (36).
CN201920402169.8U 2019-03-26 2019-03-26 A morning and evening tides formula irrigation system for river course bank protection greenbelt Active CN209806711U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920402169.8U CN209806711U (en) 2019-03-26 2019-03-26 A morning and evening tides formula irrigation system for river course bank protection greenbelt

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920402169.8U CN209806711U (en) 2019-03-26 2019-03-26 A morning and evening tides formula irrigation system for river course bank protection greenbelt

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111042055A (en) * 2019-12-27 2020-04-21 四川省水利科学研究院 Dykes and dams bank protection device

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111042055A (en) * 2019-12-27 2020-04-21 四川省水利科学研究院 Dykes and dams bank protection device

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