CN209788007U - Glass is a warmhouse booth even - Google Patents

Glass is a warmhouse booth even Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209788007U
CN209788007U CN201920515751.5U CN201920515751U CN209788007U CN 209788007 U CN209788007 U CN 209788007U CN 201920515751 U CN201920515751 U CN 201920515751U CN 209788007 U CN209788007 U CN 209788007U
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Prior art keywords
greenhouse
glass
frame
main
covering
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CN201920515751.5U
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Chinese (zh)
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罗北京
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Jiangxi Qidi Mechanical Equipment Co Ltd
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Jiangxi Qidi Mechanical Equipment Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201920515751.5U priority Critical patent/CN209788007U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

Abstract

The utility model relates to a glass multi-span greenhouse, which is a glass greenhouse with triangular ridges connected for a plurality of glass. The glass greenhouse comprises a greenhouse foundation, a main frame structure, a top covering material, a natural ventilation system, an external greenhouse shading system, an internal greenhouse shading system and a fan-wet curtain cooling system, wherein the main frame structure comprises a main upright post, a girder, a girt, a lattice structure, a steel frame and a connecting piece; the fan-wet curtain cooling system comprises a paper wet curtain, a wet curtain outer frame, a circulating water system and an axial flow fan; the support bow member adopts the hot dip galvanized pipe, the utility model relates to a triangle-shaped roof ridge has solved greenhouse heat preservation and printing opacity contradiction, and unique glass seal structure has thoroughly solved the roofing problem of leaking, has the printing opacity height, and its luminousness of individual layer float glass is > 90%, and double-deck cavity glass luminousness is more than 80%, and the luminousness is stable, more keeps warm winter.

Description

Glass is a warmhouse booth even
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a greenhouse, in particular to a glass is a greenhouse even.
Background
A greenhouse (also called a greenhouse), which can transmit light and keep (or heat) for cultivating plants. In seasons unsuitable for plant growth, the greenhouse can provide the growth period and increase the yield, is mainly used for cultivating or growing seedlings of plants such as warm vegetables, flowers and trees in low-temperature seasons, has multiple types, can be divided into a great variety according to different roof truss materials, lighting materials, shapes, heating conditions and the like, such as an intelligent glass greenhouse and a plastic greenhouse; single-span greenhouses and multi-span greenhouses; single-roof greenhouses, double-roof greenhouses; a warm greenhouse, a non-warm greenhouse, etc. The greenhouse structure should be sealed and insulated, but should be convenient for ventilation and cooling.
The glass greenhouse is a greenhouse with glass as a main light-transmitting covering material, belongs to one of greenhouse greenhouses, and is suitable for various regions and various climatic conditions as a form with the longest service life in a cultivation facility. In the industry, the sizes of spans and bays are divided into different construction models, and the sizes are divided into different use modes: vegetable glass greenhouse, flower glass greenhouse, seedling glass greenhouse, ecological glass greenhouse, scientific glass greenhouse, three-dimensional glass greenhouse, special-shaped glass greenhouse, leisure glass greenhouse, intelligent glass greenhouse and the like. The area and the using mode can be freely allocated by a greenhouse owner.
In the process of manufacturing the glass greenhouse, because the roof and the side surfaces are made of glass, and the weight of the glass is larger, the supporting structure is made of thicker materials, various connecting pieces are needed to be firmer than before, and the price of the glass is higher, so the cost of the whole glass greenhouse is higher, and the manufacturing cost of the whole glass greenhouse is higher if a multi-span greenhouse is manufactured.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims at providing a glass is a warmhouse booth even more keeps warm and the cost is lower.
A glass multi-span greenhouse is a glass greenhouse formed by connecting a plurality of glass in a triangular ridge manner. The glass greenhouse comprises a greenhouse foundation, a main body frame structure, a top covering material, a natural ventilation system, an external greenhouse shading system, an internal greenhouse shading system and a fan-wet curtain cooling system, wherein the greenhouse foundation comprises a buried foundation and an overground foundation; the greenhouse is characterized in that a main body frame structure is arranged on the basis of the greenhouse, a triangular ridge is arranged at the top of the main body frame structure, a top covering material is arranged on the triangular ridge of the main body frame structure, a natural ventilation system is arranged on the triangular ridge, an external greenhouse sunshade system is arranged on the roof, and a fan-wet curtain cooling system is arranged on the side face of the greenhouse. The fan-wet curtain cooling system comprises a paper wet curtain, a wet curtain outer frame, a circulating water system and an axial flow fan; the natural ventilation system comprises a top windowing motor and a windowing motor; the external greenhouse sunshade system is arranged at the top of the greenhouse, the internal greenhouse sunshade system is arranged on the girder, the supporting arch frame adopts a hot-galvanized pipe, and the side surface of the greenhouse is completely provided with transparent glass.
The greenhouse foundation has the advantages that the weight of the whole greenhouse is supported, certain firmness is needed, the buried foundation is concrete with an internal steel structure, and the ground foundation is solid bricks, so that the whole foundation is firmer.
The main body frame structure is used for installing glass and various heat insulation systems, and particularly, hot-dip steel is adopted outdoors, so that the main body frame structure is rust-proof and firm.
The top of the external sunshade system of the greenhouse consists of a support frame and sunshade cloth, and the opening and closing of the sunshade cloth can be controlled by a motor or can be operated by hands.
The function of the sun-shading system in the greenhouse is the same as that of the sun-shading system outside the greenhouse, and the sun-shading system is only arranged on a crossbeam in the greenhouse and is opened at night, so that the heat preservation effect is good.
The natural ventilation system is used for opening windows when needed and then performing natural ventilation, namely, the top window opening is controlled by the window opening motor to perform window opening operation, and the top window opening is also made of a top covering material.
Further, top covering material contains the punch holder, the lower plate and sets up a plurality of connection wall between the punch holder, the punch holder is the same with the lower plate thickness, middle evenly distributed connects the wall, the punch holder, the lower plate all is the PC sunshine board of light-transmitting plastics material with connecting the wall, the top covering material of this kind of structure, its fastness is better, and the printing opacity, because middle spacing is empty, relatively keep warm, adopt plastics material, its whole weight is lighter, therefore correspondingly, it is littleer to the pressure of girder, consequently, can adopt thinner girder relatively.
Furthermore, the main upright posts are erected on a greenhouse foundation and connected into a frame through girders, girts and lattice structures, supporting arches are arranged on the girders, top covering materials are arranged between the supporting arches, the lattice structures are arranged between the main upright posts, light-transmitting glass is arranged on the lattice structures through connecting pieces, and a fan-wet curtain cooling system is arranged on the side face of the greenhouse.
Furthermore, at the triangular ridge position of the greenhouse, the supporting arches at two sides are erected, an arch connecting piece is arranged below the supporting arches, a cross connecting piece is arranged between the supporting arches at two sides, and the top covering material is arranged on the supporting arches.
When the greenhouse is installed, accessories for connection, such as bolts of a main body frame structure, bolts for connecting glass, structural adhesive for sealing the glass, a drain pipe arranged at the root of a triangular roof and the like, are usually protected.
The utility model discloses an innovation point lies in, set the sunshine board of unique structure to the material on whole roof, it has certain intensity, take off the light again, correspondingly, if the roof is glass, at the support bow member on roof, the comparison thicker that its material can need be done, whole girder simultaneously, it is more firm to expect to accomplish in the structure of supporting role, when using the sunshine board, the thickness of its material can suitably reduce, and to installer, need not be at roof installation glass, it is also more convenient to install, its installation cost can reduce, in all, its cost can reduce.
Because the top covering material adopts a double-layer structure, the heat insulation effect is better, and the heat insulation benefit is better than that of glass at night.
The side is especially glass, the light transmission performance of the glass is good, the temperature of the greenhouse is quickly raised under the irradiation of sunlight in the daytime, and the plants can absorb more sunlight.
For solar radiation, the glass multi-span greenhouses are almost "transparent" and solar radiation can mostly enter. However, for ground long-wave radiation, the glass multi-span greenhouse is not transparent, and the long-wave radiation can hardly penetrate. Therefore, the glass multi-span greenhouse enables external solar energy to continuously enter the room, and indoor heat is rarely dissipated, so that the effect of adjusting the temperature is achieved.
The utility model has the advantages of with low costs, it is effectual to keep warm moreover.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of a vertical surface of a glass greenhouse in embodiment 1 of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic sectional view of the inside of a glass greenhouse.
Fig. 3 is a schematic sectional view of the inside of a glass greenhouse.
Fig. 4 is a schematic view of the structure of the top cover material.
Fig. 5 is a schematic view of the structure of circle a in fig. 1.
Fig. 6 is a schematic view of a multi-span glass greenhouse.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in detail with reference to the following embodiments and drawings.
Referring to fig. 1-6, a glass multi-span greenhouse is a glass greenhouse formed by connecting a plurality of glass plates in a triangular ridge shape; the glass greenhouse comprises a greenhouse foundation, a main body frame structure, a top covering material 5, a natural ventilation system 10, an external greenhouse shading system 6, an internal greenhouse shading system 9 and a fan-wet curtain cooling system 11, wherein the greenhouse foundation comprises a buried foundation 1 and an above-ground foundation 2; the greenhouse is characterized in that a main body frame structure is arranged on the basis of the greenhouse, a triangular ridge is arranged at the top of the main body frame structure, a top covering material 5 is arranged on the triangular ridge of the main body frame structure, a natural ventilation system 10 is arranged on the triangular ridge, an external greenhouse sunshade system 6 is arranged on the roof, and a fan-wet curtain cooling system 11 is arranged on the side face of the greenhouse. The main frame structure comprises a main upright post 3, a crossbeam 8, an enclosing beam, a lattice structure, a steel frame and a connecting piece, the top covering material 5 is a PC sunlight plate made of a transparent plastic material, and the fan-wet curtain cooling system 11 comprises a paper wet curtain, a wet curtain outer frame, a circulating water system and an axial flow fan; the natural ventilation system 10 includes a top windowing and windowing motor; the greenhouse external sunshade system 6 is arranged at the top of the greenhouse, the greenhouse internal sunshade system 9 is arranged on the girder 8, the supporting arch frame adopts a hot galvanized pipe, and the side surface of the greenhouse is provided with transparent glass 7.
The greenhouse foundation has the advantages that the weight of the whole greenhouse is supported, certain firmness is needed, the buried foundation is concrete with an internal steel structure, and the ground foundation is solid bricks, so that the whole foundation is firmer.
The main body frame structure is used for installing glass and various heat insulation systems, and particularly, hot-dip steel is adopted outdoors, so that the main body frame structure is rust-proof and firm.
The top of the greenhouse external sunshade system 6 is composed of a support frame and sunshade cloth, and the opening and closing of the sunshade cloth can be controlled by a motor or can be operated by hands.
The function of the sun-shading system 9 in the greenhouse is the same as that of the sun-shading system outside the greenhouse, and the sun-shading system is arranged on a crossbeam in the greenhouse and is opened at night, so that the heat preservation effect is good.
The natural ventilation system 10 is used for opening windows when needed and then performing natural ventilation, namely, the top window opening is controlled by a window opening motor to perform window opening operation, and the top window opening is also made of a top covering material.
As shown in fig. 4, the top covering material 5 includes an upper plate 51, a lower plate 52 and a plurality of connecting partitions 53 arranged between the upper plate and the lower plate, the upper plate 51 and the lower plate 52 have the same thickness, the connecting partitions 53 are uniformly distributed in the middle, the upper plate, the lower plate and the connecting partitions are all PC sunlight plates made of transparent plastics, the top covering material 5 of the structure has better firmness and light transmission, and is relatively heat-insulating due to the empty middle partition and the adoption of plastics, so that the whole weight is relatively light, correspondingly, the pressure of the top covering material to the girder is smaller, and the girder can be relatively thinner.
Specifically, the main upright posts are erected on a greenhouse foundation and connected into a frame through a girder 8, an enclosing beam and a lattice structure, supporting arches are arranged on the girder, top covering materials are arranged between the supporting arches, the lattice structure is arranged between the main upright posts, light-transmitting glass is arranged on the lattice structure through connecting pieces, and a fan-wet curtain cooling system is arranged on the side face of the greenhouse.
As fig. 5 shows the connection structure at the ridge position, which is convenient for the understanding of the utility model, wherein, the lower part of the top covering material 5 is the supporting arch 502, the supporting arch 502 below of two erections is provided with an arch connector 501, the cross connector 503 between the supporting arches at both sides sets up the top covering material 5 on the supporting arch 502, the roof structure is convenient to install, and the firmness is better.
When the greenhouse is installed, the greenhouse usually comprises accessories for connection, such as bolts for a main frame structure, bolts for connecting glass, structural adhesive for sealing the glass, drain pipes arranged at the root parts of the triangular roofs and the like.
Referring to fig. 6, a structure of a multi-span greenhouse formed by connecting a plurality of glass greenhouses in a row is shown.
The utility model discloses an innovation point lies in, set the sunshine board of unique structure to the material on whole roof, it has certain intensity, take off the light again, correspondingly, if the roof is glass, at the support bow member on roof, the comparison thicker that its material can need be done, whole girder simultaneously, it is more firm to expect to accomplish in the structure of supporting role, when using the sunshine board, the thickness of its material can suitably reduce, and to installer, need not be at roof installation glass, it is also more convenient to install, its installation cost can reduce, in all, its cost can reduce.
Because the top covering material adopts a double-layer structure, the heat insulation effect is better, and the heat insulation benefit is better than that of glass at night.
The side is especially glass, the light transmission performance of the glass is good, the temperature of the greenhouse is quickly raised under the irradiation of sunlight in the daytime, and the plants can absorb more sunlight.
For solar radiation, the glass multi-span greenhouses are almost "transparent" and solar radiation can mostly enter. However, for ground long-wave radiation, the glass multi-span greenhouse is not transparent, and the long-wave radiation can hardly penetrate. Therefore, the glass multi-span greenhouse enables external solar energy to continuously enter the room, and indoor heat is rarely dissipated, so that the effect of adjusting the temperature is achieved.
The utility model discloses a concrete implementation step does, outer glass 7 can see through light, and the luminousness > 90%, and 5 luminousness of top covering material are more than 80%, and whole big-arch shelter transmissivity is bigger, and moreover, its heat preservation effect is better than ordinary film, and whole durability is than higher moreover, for full glass big-arch shelter, the utility model discloses great advantage has in the cost.
The above disclosure is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and certainly should not be taken as limiting the scope of the invention, which is defined by the claims and their equivalents.

Claims (4)

1. A glass multi-span greenhouse is a plurality of connected glass greenhouses connected in a triangular ridge manner and is characterized in that the glass greenhouses comprise a greenhouse base, a main body frame structure, a top covering material, a natural ventilation system, an external greenhouse shading system, an internal greenhouse shading system and a fan-wet curtain cooling system, wherein the greenhouse base comprises a buried base and an above-ground base; the greenhouse is characterized in that a main body frame structure is arranged on a greenhouse base, the top of the main body frame structure is a triangular ridge, a top covering material is arranged on the triangular ridge of the main body frame structure, a natural ventilation system is arranged on the triangular ridge, an external sun-shading system of the greenhouse is arranged on the roof, and a fan-wet curtain cooling system is arranged on the side surface of the greenhouse; the natural ventilation system comprises a top windowing motor and a windowing motor; the external greenhouse sunshade system is arranged at the top of the greenhouse, the internal greenhouse sunshade system is arranged on the girder, the supporting arch frame adopts a hot-galvanized pipe, and the side surface of the greenhouse is completely provided with transparent glass.
2. The glass multi-span greenhouse of claim 1, wherein the top covering material comprises an upper clamping plate, a lower clamping plate and a plurality of connecting partitions arranged between the upper clamping plate and the lower clamping plate, the upper clamping plate and the lower clamping plate have the same thickness, the connecting partitions are uniformly distributed in the middle, and the upper clamping plate, the lower clamping plate and the connecting partitions are all PC sunlight panels made of transparent plastic materials.
3. The glass multi-span greenhouse of claim 1, wherein the main columns are erected on a greenhouse foundation and connected into a frame through girders, girts and lattice structures, supporting arches are arranged on the girders, top covering materials are arranged between the supporting arches, the lattice structures are arranged between the main columns, transparent glass is arranged on the lattice structures through connecting pieces, and fan-wet curtain cooling systems are arranged on the sides of the greenhouse.
4. The glass multi-span greenhouse of claim 2, wherein the supporting arches on both sides are erected at the triangular ridge position of the greenhouse, an arch connector is provided below, a cross connector is provided between the supporting arches on both sides, and the top covering material is provided on the supporting arches.
CN201920515751.5U 2019-04-17 2019-04-17 Glass is a warmhouse booth even Active CN209788007U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920515751.5U CN209788007U (en) 2019-04-17 2019-04-17 Glass is a warmhouse booth even

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920515751.5U CN209788007U (en) 2019-04-17 2019-04-17 Glass is a warmhouse booth even

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN209788007U true CN209788007U (en) 2019-12-17

Family

ID=68829706

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201920515751.5U Active CN209788007U (en) 2019-04-17 2019-04-17 Glass is a warmhouse booth even

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN209788007U (en)

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