CN209787892U - Efficient fruit picking machine - Google Patents

Efficient fruit picking machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209787892U
CN209787892U CN201920341252.9U CN201920341252U CN209787892U CN 209787892 U CN209787892 U CN 209787892U CN 201920341252 U CN201920341252 U CN 201920341252U CN 209787892 U CN209787892 U CN 209787892U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fruit
picking machine
rod piece
picking
fruit picking
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201920341252.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
林潘忠
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Wenzhou Vocational and Technical College
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Wenzhou Vocational and Technical College
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Priority to CN201920341252.9U priority Critical patent/CN209787892U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN209787892U publication Critical patent/CN209787892U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model provides a high-efficient fruit picking machine, the to-be-solved technical problem of the utility model is to provide a structure retrencies, low cost, can adapt to various picking environments, and convenient operation's high-efficient fruit picking machine. Therefore, the efficient fruit picking machine comprises an annular shearing mechanism, an inner ring, a pull ring, a hinged seat, a hollowed-out part, a guide arc opening, a screw hole, a limiting groove, a separation-preventing opening, a U-shaped groove, a rotary blade, a sliding block mechanism, a sliding rod piece, a connecting rod, a combined rack, a telescopic mechanism, a telescopic rod main body, an inner hollow rod piece, an outer hollow rod piece, a node locking piece, a collecting and processing mechanism, a special fruit bag, a fruit basket, a lever force application mechanism, a handle, a connecting and fixing lever and a spiral spring. The utility model provides a high-efficient fruit picking machine has easily operation, simple structure and the lower advantage of cost.

Description

Efficient fruit picking machine
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of agricultural machinery, in particular to an efficient fruit picking machine.
Background
Fruits are one of the most important economic crops and international agricultural products and processed products in the world, and are also main commodities in international trade, while China is one of the main native countries of fruits. Due to various shapes of most fruits during growth, such as vertical growth, inclination, branch sticking growth and the like, the mechanical fruit picker can greatly reduce picking efficiency due to difficult positioning. There are two main types of picking today: manual picking and mechanical picking. Mechanical picking is subdivided into large mechanical picking and simple picking by using a picker. However, large picking machines have high cost and low average income of fruit growers, so that the fruit growers cannot bear large machines. The requirements on planting planning are high, fruit trees are easy to damage, and when part of large-scale machines are picked in batches, the fruit trees are easy to damage, so that the yield of the next year is influenced, and large loss is caused; compared with large machinery, the simple picking device has low manufacturing cost, but is easy to cause the inconvenience of fruit positioning, the easy damage of fruit stalks, the labor saving during shearing and the inconvenient operation, so that a large amount of manpower is still required to be consumed in the picking process; the problems of manual picking are more, and the hands are sour: the branches are cut off for a long time, hands are bound to have ache, the follow-up picking efficiency is influenced, and fruits at high positions are difficult to pick: the different fruit tree altitude variation of fruit kind is very big, generally to high fruit tree or climb the tree and pick, or move the ladder, not only wastes time and energy, influences and picks efficiency, and the picking process still has danger moreover, and artifical picking cost is noble: the manual picking cost is huge, and one person in one day costs at least two hundred, so that the profit of the fruit is greatly reduced.
In summary, the picking technology still has great defects at present, and needs to be improved and developed urgently, and in view of the current situation that fruit picking is difficult, a high-efficiency small-sized fruit picking device needs to be developed urgently. How to make the picking device easy to operate, simple structure and low cost is a problem which needs to be solved urgently by technical personnel in the field.
Disclosure of Invention
The scheme provides the efficient fruit picking machine aiming at the problems and the requirements, can help fruit growers to realize efficient picking, is easy to operate in a picking process, is simple in structure and low in cost, and can solve the technical problems by adopting the following technical scheme.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
A high-efficiency fruit picking machine comprises an annular shearing mechanism, a telescopic mechanism and a collecting and processing mechanism, wherein the annular shearing mechanism is connected with the telescopic mechanism through a slider mechanism, the collecting and processing mechanism is arranged below the annular shearing mechanism, the annular shearing mechanism comprises an inner ring, a pull ring and a hinged seat, the inner ring is arranged in the pull ring, the hinged seat is installed on one side of the outer portion of the pull ring through screws, a plurality of hollow portions and guide arc openings are formed in the inner ring, the hollow portions and the guide arc openings are arranged on the inner ring at equal intervals, a separation preventing opening is formed below the guide arc openings, a plurality of rotary blades are arranged in an arc groove of the pull ring, and the rotary blades are all fixed on the inner ring through hinged screws; the telescopic mechanism comprises a telescopic rod main body, an inner hollow rod piece and an outer hollow rod piece, the inner hollow rod piece is arranged inside the telescopic rod main body, the outer hollow rod piece is arranged outside the telescopic rod main body, and a lever force application mechanism is arranged at the rear end of the telescopic mechanism.
Further, the sliding block mechanism comprises a sliding rod piece, a connecting rod and a combined rack, the combined rack is connected in the clamping hole of the inner ring, the sliding rod piece is arranged at the rear end of the combined rack, one end of the connecting rod is connected to the sliding block of the sliding block mechanism, and the other end of the connecting rod is hinged in the hinge seat.
Further, the collecting and processing mechanism comprises a special fruit bag and a fruit basket, the fruit basket is connected below the special fruit bag, and the upper part of the special fruit bag is arranged right below the annular shearing mechanism.
Further, the lever force application mechanism comprises a handle, a connecting and fixing lever and a flange, the flange is arranged on the connecting and fixing lever, one end of the connecting and fixing lever is connected to the rear end of the telescopic mechanism, and the handle is connected to the other end of the connecting and fixing lever.
Further, the lever biasing mechanism further includes a coil spring.
Furthermore, a screw hole and a limiting groove are further arranged on the guide arc opening.
Furthermore, a U-shaped groove is arranged on the pull ring.
Furthermore, the telescopic mechanism also comprises a node locking piece.
The fruit picking device has the advantages that the fruit picking device can be used for picking small fruits such as apples, persimmons, oranges and the like, can also be used for picking other similar fruits and crops, has the advantages of being easy to operate, simple in structure, low in cost and capable of adapting to various picking environments in the picking process compared with a traditional picking device, enables a user to save physical strength, improves fruit picking amount, is simple in structure and low in manufacturing cost, and can be used by consumers in different levels. The fruit picking device is suitable for the growing environment of fruits in all directions, people can easily pick the fruits in the fan-shaped picking area with the human center without moving, and the auxiliary time for positioning the fruits by people is greatly reduced. And has the advantages of high efficiency, labor saving, notch anti-drop, multi-angle adaptation and multi-height adaptation.
The following description of the preferred embodiments for carrying out the present invention will be made in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings so that the features and advantages of the present invention can be easily understood.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention, the drawings of the embodiments of the present invention will be briefly described below. Wherein the drawings are only for purposes of illustrating some embodiments of the invention and are not to be construed as limiting the invention to all embodiments thereof.
Fig. 1 is a schematic perspective view of an annular shearing mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic perspective view of the telescoping mechanism and the lever force application mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic perspective view of the slider mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a partial cross-sectional view of the inner race of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a top view of the collection processing mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a schematic perspective view of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is a schematic diagram of the left and right limits of the rotary blade of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is a connection diagram of the annular shearing mechanism and the slider mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is a schematic perspective view of the pull ring of the present invention.
FIG. 10 is a schematic flow chart of the operation of the present invention.
List of reference numerals: the fruit harvesting machine comprises an annular shearing mechanism 1, an inner ring 11, a pull ring 12, a hinge seat 13, a hollow part 14, a guide arc opening 15, a screw hole 151, a limiting groove 152, a separation preventing opening 16, a U-shaped groove 17, a rotary blade 18, a sliding block mechanism 2, a sliding rod piece 21, a connecting rod 22, a combined rack 23, a telescopic mechanism 3, a telescopic rod main body 31, an inner hollow rod piece 32, an outer hollow rod piece 33, a node locking piece 34, a collecting and processing mechanism 4, a special fruit bag 41, a fruit basket 42, a lever force application mechanism 5, a handle 51, a connecting and fixing lever 52, a flange 53 and a spiral spring 54.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the embodiments of the present invention clearer, the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the accompanying drawings of specific embodiments of the present invention. Like reference symbols in the various drawings indicate like elements. It should be noted that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the invention, and not all embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the described embodiments of the invention without any inventive step, are within the scope of protection of the invention.
Referring to fig. 1 to 10, the efficient fruit picking machine shown in fig. 1 and 2 comprises an annular shearing mechanism 1, a telescopic mechanism 3 and a collecting and processing mechanism 4, wherein the annular shearing mechanism 1 is connected with the telescopic mechanism 3 through a slider mechanism 2, the collecting and processing mechanism 4 is arranged below the annular shearing mechanism 1, the annular shearing mechanism 1 comprises an inner ring 11, a pull ring 12 and a hinged seat 13, the inner ring 11 is arranged in the pull ring 12, the hinged seat 13 is mounted on one side of the outer portion of the pull ring 12 through screws, the inner ring 11 is provided with a plurality of hollowed-out portions 14 and guiding arc-shaped openings 15, the hollowed-out portions 14 and the guiding arc-shaped openings 15 are arranged on the inner ring 11 at equal intervals, a separation-preventing opening 16 is arranged below the guiding arc-shaped opening 15, and a plurality of rotary blades 18 are arranged in an arc-shaped groove of the pull ring 12, the rotary blades 18 are fixed on the inner ring 11 through hinged screws, so that the scissor handle is not easy to escape from the limit position, and the reliability of the mechanism is improved. The labor is not required to be felt during picking; telescopic machanism 3 includes telescopic link main part 31, interior hollow rod piece 32 and outer hollow rod piece 33, interior hollow rod piece 32 set up in telescopic link main part 31's inside, outer hollow rod piece 33 set up in telescopic link main part 31's outside, telescopic machanism 3's rear end is equipped with lever application of force mechanism 5.
As shown in fig. 3 and 8, the slider mechanism 2 includes a sliding rod 21, a connecting rod 22 and a combined frame 23, the combined frame 23 is connected in the clamping hole of the inner ring 11, the sliding rod 21 is disposed at the rear end of the combined frame 23, one end of the connecting rod 22 is connected to the slider of the slider mechanism 2, and the other end of the connecting rod 22 is hinged in the hinge seat 13, so that when a user presses down the handle, the force is transmitted through the sliding rod 21, so that the sliding rod 21 pulls the connecting rod 22 to move, and the connecting rod 22 drives the pull ring 12 to rotate.
As shown in fig. 5, the collecting and processing mechanism 4 includes a special fruit bag 41 and a fruit basket 42, the fruit basket 42 is connected below the special fruit bag 41, and the upper part of the special fruit bag 41 is arranged right below the annular cutting mechanism 1. The fruit bag adopts half notch type design, and inside is equipped with helical coiled passage, can make the fruit realize rolling at the in-process that falls, reduces the buffering on the one hand, and on the other hand can clear away fruit surface impurity.
As shown in fig. 2 and 6, the lever forcing mechanism 5 includes a handle 51, a connecting and fixing lever 52, and a flange 53, the flange 53 is disposed on the connecting and fixing lever 52, one end of the connecting and fixing lever 52 is connected to the rear end of the telescoping mechanism 3, and the handle 51 is connected to the other end of the connecting and fixing lever 52. With the above structure, when the fruit stem slides into the cutting opening, the handle 51 is pressed down to drive the connecting and fixing lever 52 to move downwards. Thereby driving the pull ring 12 to rotate and finally realizing the shearing.
Preferably, the lever force application mechanism 5 further comprises a spiral spring 54, and the above structure is arranged to reset the whole mechanism after picking.
As shown in fig. 4 and 7, the guide arc opening 15 is further provided with a screw hole 151 and a limiting groove 152, and by the arrangement of the above structure, when the fixed seat is in contact with the left side of the pull ring, the circular force application handle of the blade does not escape from the pull ring, and the blade cuts off the fruit stem to realize left limiting; when the fixed seat is contacted with the right side of the pull ring, the circular force application handle of the blade does not escape from the pull ring, and meanwhile, the blade is completely hidden to avoid scratching fruits, so that the reset is realized.
As shown in fig. 9, the pull ring 12 is provided with a U-shaped groove 17. By adopting the structure, the fruit handle can easily slide down to the guide arc opening 15 only by sheathing the fruit during picking.
Preferably, the telescoping mechanism 3 further includes a node catch member 34. When a change in length is desired, the node locking member 34 is depressed and the inner hollow rod is pulled to change length again.
Performance indexes of the picking machine are as follows: 1) the overall external dimension is 128 multiplied by 50 multiplied by 1400mm3Net weight 1.0 kg. 2) The maximum diameter of the picking head is 128mm, the height of the picking head is 50mm, and the angle can be rotated by 25 degrees. 3) The maximum stroke of the telescopic rod is 2000mm, and the adjustable stroke is 600 mm.
The working process is as follows: as shown in fig. 10, a "set of one scissors" is used, and a set of: when a user is ready to pick, the lifting and contracting rod is stretched to a proper height according to the height of the fruits to pick when the picking range is determined. A user grasps the picking rod firmly, the picking head is arranged deep to the fruit, the picking head covers the fruit, the fruit is slightly swung, and the fruit slides downwards due to gravity by utilizing the design of the guide notch; first shearing: when the fruit stalks fall into the shearing opening, the fruit stalks can be sheared. The user presses down the handle, and through the transmission mechanism of middle power for the fruit handle is cuted to the rotating blade, and after cutting the fruit handle, the fruit directly falls into the fruit basket after the intermediate buffering along the bag that falls that the picking head below is connected. Through the above operation, before the user picks the fruit for the first time, the adjustment of picking head angle needs to be carried out to the picking angle that oneself is fit for, selects the most comfortable angle to pick.
When picking operation is needed, before the picking range is determined, the lifting and shrinking rod main body 31 is stretched to a proper height according to the height of the fruits to pick. By utilizing the designed notch design, the fruit can slide downwards due to gravity, and the fruit handle can slide into the guide arc opening 15 very smoothly. When the fruit stalks fall into the guide arc 15, the rotary blade 18 can be used to cut the stalks. The user presses the handle 51, the rotating blade 18 cuts the fruit stem through the middle telescopic mechanism 3 and the sliding block mechanism 2, and after the fruit stem is cut, the fruit drops into the fruit basket 42 directly along the special fruit bag 41 connected below the picking head after being buffered in the middle. After the shearing is completed, the coil spring 54 is twisted to automatically reset the whole mechanism.
The fruit picking device can be used for picking small fruits such as apples, persimmons, oranges and the like, and also can be used for picking other similar fruits and crops, and compared with the traditional picking device, the fruit picking device has the advantages of being easy to operate, simple in structure, low in cost, capable of adapting to various picking environments and capable of saving physical strength of a user, improving fruit picking amount, simple in structure and low in manufacturing cost, and can be used by consumers of different levels. The fruit picking device is suitable for the growing environment of fruits in all directions, people can easily pick the fruits in the fan-shaped picking area with the human center without moving, and the auxiliary time for positioning the fruits by people is greatly reduced.
High-efficiency and labor-saving: the moment arm of the handle is amplified by 6 times, the moment arm of the head is amplified by 1.3 times, the total amplification moment arm is close to 8 times, and people do not need to exert great effort for shearing basically.
The notch is prevented from falling: the design of the notch of the shearing opening prevents the fruit stem from being separated from the optimal shearing point in the opposite direction during shearing.
Multi-angle adaptation: the design of the annular multidirectional positioning fruit handle is suitable for fruits with different growth angles, people can pick fruits in all fan-shaped picking areas with human centers easily without moving, the auxiliary time for picking and moving of people is avoided, and meanwhile, the effective picking quantity is also improved.
Multiple height adaptation: the picker is scalable, reduces the supplementary picking time that the ladder increased that the people climbed the tree, has improved efficiency, still avoids the high altitude to pluck the safety problem that the fruit brought.
In addition, the invention also has larger market demand and wide market prospect, and has great significance for the research and development of novel high-efficiency picking mechanical devices.
It should be noted that the described embodiments of the invention are only preferred ways of implementing the invention, and that all obvious modifications, which are within the scope of the invention, are all included in the present general inventive concept.

Claims (8)

1. The efficient fruit picking machine is characterized by comprising an annular shearing mechanism (1), a telescopic mechanism (3) and a collecting and processing mechanism (4), wherein the annular shearing mechanism (1) is connected with the telescopic mechanism (3) through a slider mechanism (2), the collecting and processing mechanism (4) is arranged below the annular shearing mechanism (1), the annular shearing mechanism (1) comprises an inner ring (11), a pull ring (12) and a hinged seat (13), the inner ring (11) is arranged in the pull ring (12), the hinged seat (13) is installed on one side of the outer portion of the pull ring (12) through screws, a plurality of hollowed-out portions (14) and guiding arc openings (15) are arranged on the inner ring (11) at equal intervals, and an anti-separation opening (16) is arranged below the guiding arc openings (15), a plurality of rotary blades (18) are arranged in the arc-shaped groove of the pull ring (12), and the rotary blades (18) are all fixed on the inner ring (11) through hinged screws; telescopic machanism (3) include telescopic link main part (31), interior hollow rod piece (32) and outer hollow rod piece (33), interior hollow rod piece (32) set up in the inside of telescopic link main part (31), outer hollow rod piece (33) set up in the outside of telescopic link main part (31), the rear end of telescopic machanism (3) is equipped with lever application of force mechanism (5).
2. The efficient fruit picking machine according to claim 1, characterized in that the sliding block mechanism (2) comprises a sliding rod piece (21), a connecting rod (22) and a combined frame (23), the combined frame (23) is connected in the clamping hole of the inner ring (11), the sliding rod piece (21) is arranged at the rear end of the combined frame (23), one end of the connecting rod (22) is connected to the sliding block of the sliding block mechanism (2), and the other end of the connecting rod (22) is hinged in the hinging seat (13).
3. The machine according to claim 1, characterized in that the collecting and processing mechanism (4) comprises a special fruit bag (41) and a fruit basket (42), the fruit basket (42) is connected below the special fruit bag (41), and the upper part of the special fruit bag (41) is arranged right below the annular shearing mechanism (1).
4. The efficient fruit picking machine according to claim 1, wherein the lever forcing mechanism (5) comprises a handle (51), a connection fixing lever (52) and a flange (53), the flange (53) is arranged on the connection fixing lever (52), one end of the connection fixing lever (52) is connected to the rear end of the telescoping mechanism (3), and the handle (51) is connected to the other end of the connection fixing lever (52).
5. The efficient fruit picker according to claim 4, wherein the lever forcing mechanism (5) further comprises a coil spring (54).
6. The efficient fruit picking machine according to claim 1, characterized in that the guiding arc opening (15) is further provided with a screw hole (151) and a limiting groove (152).
7. The efficient fruit picking machine according to claim 1, characterized in that the pull ring (12) is provided with a U-shaped groove (17).
8. the efficient fruit picker according to claim 1, wherein the telescoping mechanism (3) further comprises a node catch member (34).
CN201920341252.9U 2019-03-18 2019-03-18 Efficient fruit picking machine Expired - Fee Related CN209787892U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920341252.9U CN209787892U (en) 2019-03-18 2019-03-18 Efficient fruit picking machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920341252.9U CN209787892U (en) 2019-03-18 2019-03-18 Efficient fruit picking machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN209787892U true CN209787892U (en) 2019-12-17

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201920341252.9U Expired - Fee Related CN209787892U (en) 2019-03-18 2019-03-18 Efficient fruit picking machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113016354A (en) * 2021-02-02 2021-06-25 温州职业技术学院 Novel fruit and vegetable picking device

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113016354A (en) * 2021-02-02 2021-06-25 温州职业技术学院 Novel fruit and vegetable picking device

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20191217

Termination date: 20210318

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee