CN209784075U - novel rock-soil bearing capacity testing device - Google Patents

novel rock-soil bearing capacity testing device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209784075U
CN209784075U CN201920491280.9U CN201920491280U CN209784075U CN 209784075 U CN209784075 U CN 209784075U CN 201920491280 U CN201920491280 U CN 201920491280U CN 209784075 U CN209784075 U CN 209784075U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fixedly connected
bearing capacity
testing device
detection
rock
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201920491280.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
高欣红
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN201920491280.9U priority Critical patent/CN209784075U/en
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Publication of CN209784075U publication Critical patent/CN209784075U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a novel rock soil bearing capacity testing device relates to geotechnical engineering reconnaissance technical field, this novel rock soil bearing capacity testing device, including the detection case, the top fixedly connected with mounting panel of detection case, the inside of mounting panel is provided with the pneumatic cylinder, the output fixedly connected with of pneumatic cylinder adjusts the post, adjust the outside fixedly connected with connecting plate of post, the equal fixedly connected with sleeve pipe in both sides of connecting plate, sheathed tube inside is provided with the guide bar. This novel rock soil bearing capacity testing arrangement, through setting up the guide bar, the guide bar when using, the guide bar can make the regulation post remove along the guide bar when using, makes the clamp plate can keep the level, guarantees that ground piece atress is even, prevents that ground piece from placing the unbalance and appearing shifting, simultaneously through setting up the grip block, the grip block can fix great rock soil piece, through the cooperation of grip block and spring, makes ground piece can firmly the chucking, avoids ground piece skew.

Description

Novel rock-soil bearing capacity testing device
Technical Field
the utility model relates to a geotechnical engineering reconnaissance technical field specifically is a novel rock-soil bearing capacity test device.
background
The reasonable use of the ground rock-soil layer in geotechnical engineering and the test detection of the foundation rock-soil layer which can not be separated from the building are divided into two types of field test detection and indoor test detection, the field test detection directly measures the mechanical property of the natural state rock-soil layer on the field and determines the mechanical parameters thereof, the basic test method of the field test is a load test, the stress state of the building foundation is simulated, the test result is visual, but the test method is time-consuming and labor-consuming, only can be selected as some representative strata, the indoor test detection is realized, the sample is processed and formed according to the test detection items, the physical and mechanical property detection is carried out by an effective means, the test result is relatively accurate, the bearing capacity detection is a method for determining the bearing capacity through the field direct test, and comprises the load test, the static force penetration test, the standard penetration test, the side pressure test and the like, the bearing capacity detection is a method for determining the bearing capacity according to a theoretical formula calculated according to the shear strength index of soil, the existing rock-soil bearing capacity detection device for indoor test detection is inconvenient to use, difficult to detect rock-soil blocks with different shapes, inconvenient to use, easy to stress unevenly during detection, and large errors occur in detection results, and most devices are complex and are not maintained and maintained uniformly, so that improvement is needed.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
Technical problem to be solved
The not enough to prior art, the utility model provides a novel rock-soil bearing capacity test device has solved traditional check out test set volume great, is difficult to detect the ground piece that differs to different shapes, uses inconvenient problem that is unfavorable for maintaining and overhauls.
(II) technical scheme
in order to achieve the above purpose, the utility model discloses a following technical scheme realizes: a novel rock-soil bearing capacity testing device comprises a detection box, wherein the top of the detection box is fixedly connected with a mounting plate, a hydraulic cylinder is arranged inside the mounting plate, the output end of the hydraulic cylinder is fixedly connected with an adjusting column, the outer side of the adjusting column is fixedly connected with a connecting plate, both sides of the connecting plate are fixedly connected with sleeves, a guide rod is arranged inside the sleeve, a detection table is arranged at one end of the guide rod, which is far away from the sleeve, the outer side of the guide rod is fixedly connected with a mounting sleeve, the inner part of the mounting sleeve is fixedly connected with a spring, the mounting sleeve is fixedly connected with the clamping block through a spring, the bottom of the adjusting column is fixedly connected with a pressing plate, the pressure plate is characterized in that a placing table is arranged below the pressure plate, a pressure disc is arranged below the placing table, a pressure gauge is fixedly connected to the lower portion of the pressure disc, and a bearing table is fixedly connected to the bottom of the detection box.
Optionally, the inside of mounting panel is provided with the connecting hole, the output setting of pneumatic cylinder is in the inside of connecting hole, the fixed orifices has been seted up on the surface of mounting panel, the outside of fixed orifices is provided with fixing screw, fixing screw runs through the inside of mounting panel and the top fixed connection of detection case.
Optionally, the surface of the detection box is fixedly connected with a hinge, the detection box is connected with a box door movable box through the hinge, and the surface of the box door is fixedly connected with a handle.
Optionally, a sliding groove is formed in the surface of one side, close to the spring, of the detection table, the clamping block is arranged inside the sliding groove, and a fastening screw is arranged on one side, far away from the sliding groove, of the guide rod.
Optionally, the surface of the placing table is provided with four positioning studs, and the positioning studs are welded with the surface of the placing table.
Optionally, the pressing plate is arc-shaped, fixing columns are arranged on the surface of the pressing plate, the number of the fixing columns is a plurality, and the fixing columns are uniformly distributed on the surface of the pressing plate.
(III) advantageous effects
the utility model provides a novel rock-soil bearing capacity testing device possesses following beneficial effect:
(1) This novel rock soil bearing capacity testing arrangement, through setting up the guide bar, the guide bar can make the regulation post remove along the guide bar when using, make the clamp plate can keep the level, it is even to guarantee ground piece atress, prevent that ground piece from placing the unbalance and appearing shifting, simultaneously through setting up the grip block, great rock soil piece can be fixed to the grip block, cooperation through grip block and spring, make ground piece can firmly the chucking, avoid rock soil piece skew, simultaneously through setting up the fixed column on the surface of clamp plate, the upper portion that blocks the rock soil piece that the fixed column can be firmly, prevent to skid, this kind of design is simple effective, can firmly fix the rock soil piece, make the atress of rock soil piece more even, reduce measuring error, be favorable to the detection of bearing capacity.
(2) This novel rock-soil bearing capacity testing arrangement, through setting up the spout, the grip block sets up the inside at the spout, make the grip block can remove in the spout, play spacing and clamping action to the ground piece, when the ground piece is less, can place the ground piece in the centre of four positioning stud, and the arc design of clamp plate can conveniently fix a position less rock piece, when the ground piece is great, the bottom that blocks the rock piece that four positioning stud can be firmly, prevent the aversion of rock piece, simultaneously through setting up the mounting panel, can be convenient dismantle the pneumatic cylinder, the convenient maintenance to equipment, this kind of design constructs comparatively simply, can conveniently maintain and overhaul equipment, area is less, and convenient to use.
Drawings
fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic sectional view of the structure of the detection box of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged schematic view of the structure at A in FIG. 2 according to the present invention;
fig. 4 is a schematic structural view of the guide bar of the present invention.
In the figure: 1-detection box, 2-mounting plate, 3-hydraulic cylinder, 4-adjusting column, 5-connecting plate, 6-sleeve, 7-guide rod, 8-detection table, 9-mounting sleeve, 10-spring, 11-clamping block, 12-pressing plate, 13-placing table, 14-pressure plate, 15-pressure gauge, 16-bearing table, 17-box door and 18-sliding chute.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "center", "longitudinal", "lateral", "length", "width", "thickness", "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", "clockwise", "counterclockwise", "axial", "radial", "circumferential", and the like, indicate the orientation or positional relationship indicated based on the drawings, and are only for convenience of description and simplicity of description, and do not indicate or imply that the device or element referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and therefore, should not be construed as limiting the present invention.
in the present invention, unless otherwise expressly stated or limited, the terms "disposed," "mounted," "connected," and "fixed" are to be construed broadly, e.g., as meaning either a fixed connection or a removable connection; may be a mechanical connection; may be directly connected or indirectly connected through an intermediate. The specific meaning of the above terms in the present invention can be understood according to specific situations by those skilled in the art.
Referring to fig. 1-4, the present invention provides a technical solution: a novel rock-soil bearing capacity testing device comprises a detection box 1, a mounting plate 2 is fixedly connected to the top of the detection box 1, a hydraulic cylinder 3 is arranged inside the mounting plate 2, an adjusting column 4 is fixedly connected to the output end of the hydraulic cylinder 3, a connecting plate 5 is fixedly connected to the outer side of the adjusting column 4, sleeves 6 are fixedly connected to the two sides of the connecting plate 5, a guide rod 7 is arranged inside the sleeve 6, the guide rod 7 can enable the adjusting column 4 to move along the guide rod 7 when in use, a pressing plate 12 can be kept horizontal, the rock-soil block is guaranteed to be evenly stressed, the rock-soil block is prevented from being placed in an unbalanced manner and shifting, a detection table 8 is arranged at one end of the guide rod 7, which is far away from the sleeve 6, a mounting sleeve 9 is fixedly connected to the outer side of the guide rod 7, a spring 10 is fixedly connected to the inside of the mounting sleeve 9, through setting up grip block 11, the grip block 11 can fix great rock soil piece, cooperation through grip block 11 and spring 10, make the rock soil piece firmly the chucking, avoid rock soil piece skew, simultaneously through setting up the fixed column on the surface of clamp plate 12, the fixed column can be firmly the upper portion of blocking the rock soil piece, prevent skidding, the bottom fixedly connected with clamp plate 12 of regulation post 4, the below of clamp plate 12 is provided with places platform 13, the below of placing platform 13 is provided with pressure disk 14, the below fixedly connected with pressure gauge 15 of pressure disk 14, the bottom fixedly connected with bearing platform 16 of detection case 1.
As an optional technical solution of the utility model:
The inside of mounting panel 2 is provided with the connecting hole, and the output setting of pneumatic cylinder 3 is in the inside of connecting hole, and the fixed orifices has been seted up on the surface of mounting panel 2, and the outside of fixed orifices is provided with fixing screw, and fixing screw runs through the inside of mounting panel 2 and the top fixed connection of detection case 1.
as an optional technical solution of the utility model:
The surface of the detection box 1 is fixedly connected with a hinge, the detection box 1 is connected with a box door 17 through the hinge, and the surface of the box door 17 is fixedly connected with a handle.
As an optional technical solution of the utility model:
the surface of the detection table 8 close to one side of the spring 10 is provided with a sliding groove 18, the clamping block 11 is arranged inside the sliding groove 18, and one side of the guide rod 7 far away from the sliding groove 18 is provided with a fastening screw.
As an optional technical solution of the utility model:
Four positioning studs are arranged on the surface of the placing table 13, and the positioning studs are welded with the surface of the placing table 13.
As an optional technical solution of the utility model:
The pressing plate 12 is arc-shaped, and the surface of the pressing plate 12 is provided with a plurality of fixing columns which are uniformly distributed on the surface of the pressing plate 12.
When the rock-soil block detection device is used, a proper rock-soil block is selected, the rock-soil block is placed into the detection box 1, the rock-soil block is fixed, and the hydraulic cylinder 3 is started to detect.
In conclusion, the novel rock-soil bearing capacity testing device has the advantages that by arranging the guide rod 7, the guide rod 7 can enable the adjusting column 4 to move along the guide rod 7 when in use, the pressing plate 12 can be kept horizontal, the rock-soil block is ensured to be uniformly stressed, the rock-soil block is prevented from being displaced due to unbalanced placement, meanwhile, by arranging the clamping block 11, the clamping block 11 can fix a larger rock-soil block, the rock-soil block can be firmly clamped by matching the clamping block 11 with the spring 10, the rock-soil block is prevented from being deviated, meanwhile, by arranging the fixing column on the surface of the pressing plate 12, the fixing column can firmly clamp the upper part of the rock-soil block and prevent slipping, the design is simple and effective, the rock-soil block can be firmly fixed, the rock-soil block is more uniformly stressed, the measurement error is reduced, the bearing capacity detection is facilitated, by arranging the sliding chute 18, the clamping block 11 is arranged inside the sliding chute 18, and the clamping block 11 can move, play spacing and clamping action to the ground piece, when the ground piece is less, can place the ground piece in the centre of four positioning screw post, and the arc design of clamp plate 12 can conveniently fix a position less rock piece, when the ground piece is great, the bottom that blocks the rock piece that four positioning screw post can be firmly, prevent the aversion of rock piece, simultaneously through setting up mounting panel 2, can be convenient dismantle pneumatic cylinder 3, the convenient maintenance to equipment, this kind of design constructs comparatively simply, can conveniently maintain and overhaul equipment, floor area is less, and convenient use.
it is noted that in the present disclosure, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, a first feature "on" or "under" a second feature may be directly contacting the first and second features or indirectly contacting the first and second features through an intermediate. Also, a first feature "on," "over," and "above" a second feature may be directly or diagonally above the second feature, or may simply indicate that the first feature is at a higher level than the second feature. A first feature being "under," "below," and "beneath" a second feature may be directly under or obliquely under the first feature, or may simply mean that the first feature is at a lesser elevation than the second feature.
The above, only be the concrete implementation of the preferred embodiment of the present invention, but the protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any person skilled in the art is in the technical scope of the present invention, according to the technical solution of the present invention and the utility model, the concept of which is equivalent to replace or change, should be covered within the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides a novel rock-soil bearing capacity test device, includes detection case (1), its characterized in that:
The detection box is characterized in that a mounting plate (2) is fixedly connected to the top of the detection box (1), a hydraulic cylinder (3) is arranged inside the mounting plate (2), an adjusting column (4) is fixedly connected to the output end of the hydraulic cylinder (3), a connecting plate (5) is fixedly connected to the outer side of the adjusting column (4), sleeves (6) are fixedly connected to both sides of the connecting plate (5), a guide rod (7) is arranged inside the sleeve (6), a detection table (8) is arranged at one end, away from the sleeve (6), of the guide rod (7), a mounting sleeve (9) is fixedly connected to the outer side of the guide rod (7), a spring (10) is fixedly connected to the inside of the mounting sleeve (9), the mounting sleeve (9) is fixedly connected with a clamping block (11) through the spring (10), a pressing plate (12) is fixedly connected to the bottom of the adjusting column (4), and a placing table (13) is arranged below the, a pressure disc (14) is arranged below the placing table (13), a pressure gauge (15) is fixedly connected to the lower portion of the pressure disc (14), and a bearing table (16) is fixedly connected to the bottom of the detection box (1).
2. a novel rock-soil bearing capacity testing device as claimed in claim 1,
The inside of mounting panel (2) is provided with the connecting hole, the output setting of pneumatic cylinder (3) is in the inside of connecting hole, the fixed orifices has been seted up on the surface of mounting panel (2), the outside of fixed orifices is provided with fixing stud, fixing stud runs through the inside of mounting panel (2) and the top fixed connection of detection case (1).
3. A novel rock-soil bearing capacity testing device as claimed in claim 1,
The surface fixed connection of detection case (1) has the hinge, detection case (1) is connected through hinge and chamber door (17) activity box, the surface fixed connection of chamber door (17) has the handle.
4. A novel rock-soil bearing capacity testing device as claimed in claim 1,
the surface of one side, close to the spring (10), of the detection table (8) is provided with a sliding groove (18), the clamping block (11) is arranged inside the sliding groove (18), and one side, far away from the sliding groove (18), of the guide rod (7) is provided with a fastening screw.
5. A novel rock-soil bearing capacity testing device as claimed in claim 1,
Four positioning studs are arranged on the surface of the placing table (13), and the positioning studs are welded with the surface of the placing table (13).
6. A novel rock-soil bearing capacity testing device as claimed in claim 1,
The pressing plate (12) is arc-shaped, a plurality of fixing columns are arranged on the surface of the pressing plate (12), and the fixing columns are uniformly distributed on the surface of the pressing plate (12).
CN201920491280.9U 2019-04-12 2019-04-12 novel rock-soil bearing capacity testing device Expired - Fee Related CN209784075U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920491280.9U CN209784075U (en) 2019-04-12 2019-04-12 novel rock-soil bearing capacity testing device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920491280.9U CN209784075U (en) 2019-04-12 2019-04-12 novel rock-soil bearing capacity testing device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN209784075U true CN209784075U (en) 2019-12-13

Family

ID=68802091

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201920491280.9U Expired - Fee Related CN209784075U (en) 2019-04-12 2019-04-12 novel rock-soil bearing capacity testing device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN209784075U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112033838A (en) * 2020-08-17 2020-12-04 山东大学 Automatic testing device for point load of rock and soil mass and working method

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112033838A (en) * 2020-08-17 2020-12-04 山东大学 Automatic testing device for point load of rock and soil mass and working method
CN112033838B (en) * 2020-08-17 2022-07-26 山东大学 Automatic testing device for point load of rock and soil mass and working method

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GR01 Patent grant
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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20191213

Termination date: 20200412