CN209778687U - Utilize device of rehmannia waste rapid production fertilizer - Google Patents

Utilize device of rehmannia waste rapid production fertilizer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209778687U
CN209778687U CN201920008432.5U CN201920008432U CN209778687U CN 209778687 U CN209778687 U CN 209778687U CN 201920008432 U CN201920008432 U CN 201920008432U CN 209778687 U CN209778687 U CN 209778687U
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China
Prior art keywords
fermentation container
fermentation
waste
fertilizer
blast pipe
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CN201920008432.5U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张重义
古力
李明杰
汪强
王建明
李烜桢
袁飞越
张立栋
沈连峰
余浩
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Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University
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Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University
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Priority to CN201920008432.5U priority Critical patent/CN209778687U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/20Fertilizers of biological origin, e.g. guano or fertilizers made from animal corpses

Abstract

The utility model relates to a device for rapidly producing organic fertilizer by utilizing rehmannia glutinosa waste, which comprises a fermentation container, wherein the upper end of the fermentation container is provided with a cover body, the cover body is detachably fixed at the open end of the upper part of the fermentation container, the cover body is provided with an air inlet valve, the side wall of the fermentation container is longitudinally provided with an observation window, the observation window is provided with scale marks, the bottom end of the fermentation container is provided with a height-adjustable support, one side of the bottom of the fermentation container is provided with a discharge port, the discharge port is communicated with a discharge pipe, the output end of the discharge pipe is communicated with a fertilizer; a blast pipe is arranged on the side wall of the upper end of the fermentation container, an air blower is arranged on the blast pipe, the blast pipe is arranged between the air blower and the fermentation container, a flow control valve is arranged on the blast pipe, and the air blower is driven by a motor; the structure realizes resource utilization of the rehmannia glutinosa waste.

Description

Utilize device of rehmannia waste rapid production fertilizer
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of wastes material utilization device, concretely relates to utilize device of rehmannia glutinosa discarded object rapid production fertilizer.
Background
In recent years, due to the fact that the application amount of chemical fertilizers in China is too large and the organic fertilizer investment is insufficient, a series of soil problems are caused, the yield and the quality of agricultural products are reduced, and the sustainable development of agriculture in China is seriously influenced. The organic fertilizer has balanced nutrition and comprehensive nutrients, can activate potential nutrients in soil, greatly improves the biological diversity and microbiological activity of the soil, and improves the physical and chemical properties of the soil. Therefore, the national department of agriculture issues a' zero-increase action plan of fertilizer usage to 2020 in 2015, and the plan clearly indicates that the fertilizer application amount is gradually reduced, the organic fertilizer application amount is increased, and the trial point work of increasing the application of organic fertilizer is developed in a plurality of areas. Traditional fertilizer production is mostly formed with the dirty aerobic fermentation of agricultural discarded object and beasts and birds excrement, needs great place and fixed investment, and the energy consumption is great, and raw materials transportation distance is longer, and the price is higher, has consequently restricted the extensive application of fertilizer, awaits urgent need the small-size fertilizer production facility of research and development neotype low energy consumption, low cost, easy operation.
The aerobic fermentation organic fertilizer has sufficient oxygen supply and complete oxidation of many products, so that the content of available nutrients is low, and the yield of crops in the season is not greatly improved. Recent researches show that the liquid organic fertilizer subjected to anaerobic fermentation not only contains quick-acting nutrition and growth regulating substances required by plant growth, but also contains antibacterial substances, can inhibit the occurrence of plant diseases and insect pests to a certain extent, and is an organic fertilizer production technology worth popularizing.
Rehmannia (Rehmannia luteinosa Libosch) belongs to Scrophulariaceae and Rehmannia, and root tuber is one of the bulk medicinal materials commonly used in China. The Chinese medicament has long medication history and definite clinical curative effect, and the rehmannia is one of the four famous wye medicaments in China. At present, the planting area in the production area of the coke-making city road in Henan province is nearly ten thousand hectares, and the production value is billions of yuan. Rehmannia is a plant with serious continuous cropping obstacles, and the reason for the serious continuous cropping obstacles is probably partly caused by that stems and leaves are directly returned to the field without being treated after harvesting, and pathogenic bacteria and allelochemicals contained in the rehmannia harm the growth of the rehmannia in the next year. Meanwhile, the stems and leaves of rehmannia glutinosa libosch still contain effective active ingredients, so that the rehmannia glutinosa libosch is a potential fertilizer resource, and if the rehmannia glutinosa libosch can be converted into an organic fertilizer to be returned to the field, the soil fertility can be improved, and the occurrence of plant diseases and insect pests can be reduced.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims at overcoming prior art not enough and providing an utilize device of rehmannia glutinosa discarded object rapid production fertilizer, this structure divides anaerobism and two stages of aerobic fermentation, can obtain the material that helps vegetation and disease resistance, and the accessible is short-term aerobic fermentation again and is detached harmful components, has realized the comprehensive resource utilization of rehmannia glutinosa discarded object simultaneously.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the utility model adopts the following technical scheme:
The utility model provides a device for rapidly producing organic fertilizer by utilizing rehmannia glutinosa waste, which comprises a fermentation container, wherein a cover body is arranged at the upper end of the fermentation container, the cover body is detachably fixed at the open end at the upper part of the fermentation container, an air inlet valve is arranged on the cover body, an observation window is longitudinally arranged on the side wall of the fermentation container, a scale mark is arranged on the observation window, a support with adjustable height is arranged at the bottom end of the fermentation container, a discharge port is arranged at one side of the bottom of the fermentation container, a discharge pipe is communicated with the discharge port, the output end of the discharge pipe is communicated with a fertilizer storage pool; the fermentation container is characterized in that a blast pipe is arranged on the side wall of the upper end of the fermentation container, an air blower is arranged on the blast pipe, the blast pipe is arranged between the air blower and the fermentation container, a flow control valve is arranged on the blast pipe, and the air blower is driven by a motor.
According to foretell device of utilizing rehmanniae waste to produce fertilizer fast, height-adjustable support comprises the pneumatic cylinder that sets up on the bottom of base, chassis and chassis, is fixed with the pneumatic cylinder on the base, and the bottom welding on the end that stretches out and the chassis of pneumatic cylinder is equipped with the standing groove on the up end of chassis, is equipped with fermentation vessel in the standing groove.
According to foretell device that utilizes rehmannia glutinosa discarded object to produce fertilizer fast, be equipped with the intermediate layer on fermentation vessel's the lateral wall, be equipped with electric heating wire in the intermediate layer, electric heating wire links to each other with the power, is equipped with the switch between electric heating wire and the power, is equipped with thermistor in the fermentation vessel, and thermistor links to each other with temperature controller, and temperature controller is connected with the switch electricity.
According to foretell device that utilizes glutinous rehmannia discarded object to produce fertilizer fast, fermentation container's bottom is higher than the upper end in fertilizer storage tank, and the discharging pipe downward sloping sets up.
According to the device for rapidly producing the organic fertilizer by utilizing the rehmannia glutinosa waste, the connecting part of the inner side wall and the bottom end surface of the fermentation container is arranged in an arc shape.
According to the device for rapidly producing the organic fertilizer by utilizing the rehmannia waste, the discharging end of the discharging pipe is provided with the double-layer grid.
According to the device for rapidly producing the organic fertilizer by utilizing the rehmannia glutinosa waste, a gas discharge pipeline is further arranged on the fermentation container, and an exhaust valve is arranged on the gas discharge pipeline.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model discloses the beneficial effect who gains:
1. the utility model discloses the structure includes fermentation vessel, fermentation vessel's upper end is equipped with the lid, lid detachably fixes at fermentation vessel's upper portion open end, is equipped with the admission valve on the lid, vertically is equipped with the observation window on fermentation vessel's the lateral wall, is equipped with the scale mark on the observation window, and fermentation vessel's bottom is equipped with height-adjustable support, and fermentation vessel's bottom one side is equipped with the discharge gate, and the intercommunication is equipped with the discharging pipe on the discharge gate, and the output of discharging pipe is linked together through discharge pipe and fertilizer storage tank, is equipped with the discharge valve; a blast pipe is arranged on the side wall of the upper end of the fermentation container, an air blower is arranged on the blast pipe, the blast pipe is arranged between the air blower and the fermentation container, a flow control valve is arranged on the blast pipe, and the air blower is driven by a motor; the cover body in the structure is used for adding raw material water, rehmannia waste stems and leaves and livestock and poultry manure into a fermentation container after being opened, and the scale marks are used for observing the material position and the liquid level position; the height-adjustable support realizes the height adjustment of the fermentation container, and is more beneficial to the placement of the fermented fertilizer; the blower is used for inputting air into the fermentation container for aerobic fermentation.
2. The height-adjustable support in the structure of the utility model consists of a base, a chassis and a hydraulic cylinder arranged on the bottom end of the chassis, the hydraulic cylinder is fixed on the base, the extending end of the hydraulic cylinder is welded with the bottom end of the chassis, a placing groove is arranged on the upper end surface of the chassis, and a fermentation container is arranged in the placing groove; the hydraulic cylinder is designed to realize the lifting adjustment of the placing groove; the fertilizer storage pool is often arranged on the spot, so that the inclination adjustment of the discharge pipe is realized; an interlayer is arranged on the outer side wall of the fermentation container, an electric heating wire is arranged in the interlayer and is connected with a power supply, a switch is arranged between the electric heating wire and the power supply, a thermistor is arranged in the fermentation container and is connected with a temperature controller, the temperature controller is electrically connected with the switch, and the temperature of fermentation liquor in the fermentation container is controlled by the cooperation of the temperature controller and the thermistor; the connecting part of the inner side wall and the bottom end surface of the fermentation container is arranged in an arc shape, and the arc design prevents the fermentation liquor from being adhered to the side wall; the discharging end of the discharging pipe is provided with a double-layer grid, and the double-layer grid is designed to effectively prevent liquid fertilizer from blocking the inlet of the fertilizer storage tank; the fermentation container is also provided with a gas discharge pipeline, the gas discharge pipeline is provided with an exhaust valve, the gas discharge pipeline is designed for discharging methane and other gases generated in the anaerobic fermentation process, and the methane gas can be used for power generation of a generator and can also be used for other purposes.
3. The structure of the utility model can be used for anaerobic stirring and aerobic stirring at regular intervals, so that the fermentation speed is accelerated; the fermentation container occupies small area, can be arranged in the field, and is convenient to popularize; meanwhile, a corresponding functional microbial agent can be added, so that the fermentation speed is further increased, and the fertilizer efficiency is improved; because the fermentation in the fermentation container is divided into two stages of anaerobic fermentation and aerobic fermentation, not only can substances which are beneficial to plant growth and disease resistance be obtained, but also harmful ingredients can be removed through short-term aerobic fermentation.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the height adjustable support of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of the temperature control structure of the fermentation container of the present invention.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be further explained with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Referring to fig. 1-3, the utility model provides a utilize device of quick production fertilizer of glutinous rehmannia discarded object, including fermentation vessel 1, fermentation vessel 1's upper end is equipped with lid 2, lid 2 detachably fixes the upper portion open end at fermentation vessel 1, be equipped with admission valve 3 on lid 2, vertically be equipped with observation window 4 on fermentation vessel 1's the lateral wall, be equipped with scale mark 5 on the observation window, fermentation vessel's bottom is equipped with height-adjustable support 6, height-adjustable support comprises base 61, chassis 62 and the pneumatic cylinder 63 that sets up on the bottom of chassis, be fixed with pneumatic cylinder 63 on base 61, the end that stretches out of pneumatic cylinder 63 welds with the bottom of chassis 62, be equipped with standing groove 64 on the upper end of chassis, be equipped with fermentation vessel in the standing groove; a discharge hole 7 is formed in one side of the bottom of the fermentation container 1, a discharge pipe 8 is communicated with the discharge hole, the output end of the discharge pipe is communicated with a fertilizer storage pool 10 through a discharge pipe 9, and a discharge valve 11 is arranged on the discharge pipe; the side wall of the upper end of the fermentation container is provided with a blast pipe 12, the blast pipe is provided with an air blower 13, the blast pipe is arranged between the air blower and the fermentation container, the blast pipe is provided with a flow control valve 14, and the air blower is driven by a motor 15.
In order to monitor the fermentation temperature in the fermentation container, an interlayer 12 is arranged on the outer side wall of the fermentation container 1, an electric heating wire 13 is arranged in the interlayer, the electric heating wire 13 is connected with a power supply 14, a switch 15 is arranged between the electric heating wire 13 and the power supply, a thermistor 16 is arranged in the fermentation container, the thermistor is connected with a temperature controller 17, and the temperature controller is electrically connected with the switch.
In order to facilitate the discharge of the liquid fermented fertilizer, the bottom end of the fermentation container 1 is higher than the upper end of the fertilizer storage tank 10, and the discharge pipe 8 is arranged in a downward inclined mode.
In order to prevent the fermentation container from generating dead angles, the connecting part of the inner side wall and the bottom end surface of the fermentation container 1 is arranged in an arc shape.
In order to prevent the inlet of the fertilizer storage pool from being blocked, the discharging end of the discharging pipe is provided with a double-layer grid 18.
In order to realize the collection and utilization of gas generated in the fermentation, a gas discharge pipeline 19 is also arranged on the fermentation container, and an exhaust valve 20 is arranged on the gas discharge pipeline.
While the preferred embodiments of the present invention have been described, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes and modifications may be made without departing from the general inventive concept, and it is intended to cover all such changes and modifications as fall within the true spirit and scope of the invention.

Claims (6)

1. the utility model provides an utilize device of rehmannia waste rapid production fertilizer, includes fermentation vessel, its characterized in that: the upper end of the fermentation container is provided with a cover body, the cover body is detachably fixed at the upper open end of the fermentation container, the cover body is provided with an air inlet valve, the side wall of the fermentation container is longitudinally provided with an observation window, the observation window is provided with scale marks, the bottom end of the fermentation container is provided with a height-adjustable support, one side of the bottom of the fermentation container is provided with a discharge hole, the discharge hole is communicated with a discharge pipe, the output end of the discharge pipe is communicated with a fertilizer storage pool through a discharge pipe, and the discharge pipe; the fermentation container is characterized in that a blast pipe is arranged on the side wall of the upper end of the fermentation container, an air blower is arranged on the blast pipe, the blast pipe is arranged between the air blower and the fermentation container, a flow control valve is arranged on the blast pipe, and the air blower is driven by a motor.
2. The device for rapidly producing organic fertilizer by using rehmannia glutinosa waste as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the height-adjustable support is composed of a base, a chassis and a hydraulic cylinder arranged at the bottom end of the chassis, the hydraulic cylinder is fixed on the base, the extending end of the hydraulic cylinder is welded with the bottom end of the chassis, a placing groove is arranged on the upper end face of the chassis, and a fermentation container is arranged in the placing groove.
3. the device for rapidly producing organic fertilizer by using rehmannia glutinosa waste as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the outer side wall of the fermentation container is provided with an interlayer, an electric heating wire is arranged in the interlayer and is connected with a power supply, a switch is arranged between the electric heating wire and the power supply, a thermistor is arranged in the fermentation container and is connected with a temperature controller, and the temperature controller is electrically connected with the switch.
4. The device for rapidly producing organic fertilizer by using rehmannia glutinosa waste as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the bottom of fermentation container is higher than the upper end of fertilizer storage pool, and the discharging pipe downward sloping sets up.
5. The device for rapidly producing organic fertilizer by using rehmannia glutinosa waste as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the connection part of the inner side wall and the bottom end surface of the fermentation container is arranged in an arc shape.
6. The device for rapidly producing organic fertilizer by using rehmannia glutinosa waste as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the fermentation container is also provided with a gas discharge pipeline, and the gas discharge pipeline is provided with an exhaust valve.
CN201920008432.5U 2019-01-03 2019-01-03 Utilize device of rehmannia waste rapid production fertilizer Active CN209778687U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920008432.5U CN209778687U (en) 2019-01-03 2019-01-03 Utilize device of rehmannia waste rapid production fertilizer

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920008432.5U CN209778687U (en) 2019-01-03 2019-01-03 Utilize device of rehmannia waste rapid production fertilizer

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN209778687U true CN209778687U (en) 2019-12-13

Family

ID=68791902

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201920008432.5U Active CN209778687U (en) 2019-01-03 2019-01-03 Utilize device of rehmannia waste rapid production fertilizer

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN209778687U (en)

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