CN209778575U - Integrated equipment for treating high-concentration organic domestic sewage - Google Patents

Integrated equipment for treating high-concentration organic domestic sewage Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209778575U
CN209778575U CN201920053417.2U CN201920053417U CN209778575U CN 209778575 U CN209778575 U CN 209778575U CN 201920053417 U CN201920053417 U CN 201920053417U CN 209778575 U CN209778575 U CN 209778575U
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tank
sludge
flocculation
domestic sewage
sedimentation tank
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CN201920053417.2U
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Inventor
孔祥荣
李卫东
刘恒伟
雷达
薛素勤
冯艳敏
张辉
朱艳艳
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Zhongyuan Environmental Protection Zhengzhou Equipment Engineering Technology Co Ltd
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Zhongyuan Environmental Protection Zhengzhou Equipment Engineering Technology Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an integrated device for treating high-concentration organic domestic sewage, which comprises a cuboid-shaped main tank body, wherein the main tank body is divided into an adjusting tank, an anaerobic tank, an anoxic tank, an aerobic tank, a secondary sedimentation tank, a flocculation reaction tank and a flocculation sedimentation tank by baffle plates along the length direction of the main tank body; a filling mechanism is arranged in the anaerobic tank; an aeration mechanism is arranged in the aerobic tank, and the nitrifying liquid flows back to the anoxic tank through a lifting pump in the aerobic tank; the sludge in the secondary sedimentation tank flows back to the anaerobic tank, the anoxic tank and an external sludge collecting tank through a sludge pump; an overflow weir is arranged at the upper part of the flocculation sedimentation tank, and a main water outlet is arranged on the side wall of the flocculation sedimentation tank; a dosing mechanism is arranged outside the flocculation reaction tank. The utility model discloses each partial reaction tank is concentrated and is set up in a total box, and compact structure, area are little, and construction simple to operate, civil engineering volume are little, the capital construction is with little investment, easily operation and management.

Description

integrated equipment for treating high-concentration organic domestic sewage
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a sewage treatment technical field, concretely relates to handle high concentration organic domestic sewage's integrated equipment.
Background
At present, rural economy develops rapidly, and peasant's standard of living is very improved, but rural environmental construction and economic development are asynchronous, and among them the water environmental pollution problem is especially serious. Untreated domestic sewage is discharged at will, so that the water quality of ditches and ponds blackens and becomes smelly, mosquitoes breed, the rural living environment is affected, the physical health of residents is threatened, and meanwhile, the pollution of drinking water sources and the eutrophication of lakes and reservoirs can be caused. Rural domestic sewage is different according to the place, and quality of water difference is great, and especially some places have workshop, slaughterhouse etc. and sewage treatment integrated equipment is a comprehensive body of multi-functional processing, compact structure, construction running cost are low, and the convenient adjustment treatment process according to the difference of quality of water volume, are particularly useful for the treatment of rural sewage.
Disclosure of Invention
The to-be-solved technical problem of the utility model is to provide a compact structure, construction simple to operate, civil engineering volume are little, the capital construction investment is few handle high concentration organic domestic sewage's integration equipment.
In order to solve the technical problem, the utility model adopts the following technical scheme:
An integrated device for treating high-concentration organic domestic sewage is designed, and comprises a cuboid-shaped main tank body, wherein the main tank body is divided into an adjusting tank, an anaerobic tank, an anoxic tank, an aerobic tank, a secondary sedimentation tank, a flocculation reaction tank and a flocculation sedimentation tank by partition plates in sequence along the length direction of the main tank body;
a first lifting pump is arranged in the regulating tank, a water outlet of the first lifting pump is communicated to the inside of the anaerobic tank through a pipeline, and a filling mechanism is arranged in the anaerobic tank; the anaerobic tank and the anoxic tank and the aerobic tank are respectively communicated through overflow edge-stream pipes arranged on corresponding partition plates;
An aeration mechanism and a second lifting pump are arranged in the aerobic tank, and a water outlet of the second lifting pump is communicated to the anoxic tank through a pipeline; a water through hole is formed in a partition plate between the aerobic tank and the secondary sedimentation tank;
A first sludge pump is arranged in the secondary sedimentation tank, and a sludge outlet of the first sludge pump is respectively communicated to the anaerobic tank, the anoxic tank and an external sludge collecting tank through sludge discharge pipelines; water passing holes are formed in the partition plates between the secondary sedimentation tank and the flocculation reaction tank and the partition plates between the flocculation reaction tank and the flocculation sedimentation tank, a second sludge pump is arranged in the flocculation sedimentation tank, a sludge outlet of the second sludge pump is communicated to an external sludge collecting tank through a sludge discharge pipeline, an overflow weir is arranged at the upper part of the flocculation sedimentation tank, and a main water outlet is formed in the side wall of the flocculation sedimentation tank; and a dosing mechanism is arranged outside the flocculation reaction tank.
in the technical scheme, the regulating tank, the anaerobic tank, the anoxic tank, the aerobic tank, the secondary sedimentation tank, the flocculation reaction tank and the flocculation sedimentation tank are arranged in the main tank body in a centralized manner, and the lower part of the main tank body can be buried underground, arranged in a semi-underground manner, or directly placed on the ground; the sewage to be treated sequentially passes through the regulating tank, the anaerobic tank, the anoxic tank, the aerobic tank, the secondary sedimentation tank, the flocculation reaction tank and the flocculation sedimentation tank to be treated, the treated total effluent reaches the standard and is discharged, and the treated sludge is collected into the sludge collection tank and is periodically cleaned and post-treated. The sludge in the secondary sedimentation tank flows back to the anaerobic tank and the anoxic tank, so that the absolute anaerobic environment in the anaerobic tank and the continuous operation of an anaerobic system are ensured, and phosphorus release of phosphorus accumulating bacteria is facilitated; the nitrifying liquid in the aerobic tank flows back to the anoxic tank, so that the nitrification reaction in the anoxic tank can be continuously carried out, and a higher digestion reaction level is maintained.
Preferably, the filler mechanism is including setting up support body in the anaerobism pond, the support body includes upper portion horizontal pole and lower part horizontal pole, and the equidistance is hung and is equipped with central rope between upper portion horizontal pole and lower part horizontal pole, all wears to be equipped with the combination fiber filler on every central rope. The combined fiber filler is developed on the basis of soft filler and semi-soft filler, and has the advantages of both. The structure of the device is that the plastic wafer is changed into a double-ring large plastic ring by pressing, the hydroformylation fiber or the polyester yarn is pressed on the ring of the ring, so that fiber bundles are uniformly distributed, and the inner ring is a snowflake plastic branch, so that the device can be used for hanging a film, effectively cutting bubbles and improving the transfer rate and the utilization rate of oxygen. The water-gas biomembrane is fully exchanged, and the organic matters in the water are efficiently treated.
The combined fiber filler is arranged in the anaerobic tank, so that a large enough specific surface area is provided for the growth and the propagation of microorganisms, the microorganisms are fully contacted with nutrient substances in the inlet water, and the processing capacity of the microorganisms is utilized to the maximum extent. Meanwhile, microorganisms in the anaerobic pool form a miniature ecological system, and various microorganisms interact with substrates, various intermediate products and final products to stably grow, so that the anaerobic system continuously operates.
Preferably, the aeration mechanism comprises an aeration main pipe communicated with an external air source, aeration branch pipes arranged at the bottom of the aerobic tank and communicated with the aeration main pipe, and microporous aerators uniformly distributed on the aeration branch pipes.
preferably, the microporous aerator is a disc type microporous aerator.
preferably, stirrers are arranged in the anoxic tank and the flocculation reaction tank.
Preferably, the dosing mechanism comprises a drug storage tank, a dosing pump and a dosing pipe communicated to the inside of the flocculation reaction tank and used for dosing a drug into the flocculation reaction tank.
Preferably, the medicine adding mechanisms are two groups, namely a PAC medicine adding mechanism and a PAM medicine adding mechanism.
Preferably, the sludge collecting tank is also arranged in the header tank, is positioned at the rear part of the flocculation sedimentation tank and is separated from the flocculation sedimentation tank by a partition plate. The sludge collecting tank can be independently arranged outside the header tank body, and also can be integrally arranged in the header tank body, so that the occupied area is further saved, and the construction cost is saved.
The beneficial effects of the utility model reside in that:
1. the utility model discloses handle high concentration organic domestic sewage's integrated equipment structure is succinct, and each partial reaction tank is concentrated and is set up in a total box, and compact structure, area are little, and construction simple to operate, civil engineering volume are little, capital construction small investment, easily operation and management.
2. The utility model discloses handle the characteristics that high concentration organic domestic sewage organic matter concentration is high to the rural domestic sewage of part of area in the integrated equipment of high concentration organic domestic sewage, utilize the combination fiber filler that sets up in the anaerobism pond, make the abundant contact of nutrient substance in microorganism and the influent water, furthest's the throughput that utilizes the microorganism can effectually get rid of sewage COD, is particularly useful for handling rural area's high concentration organic domestic sewage.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the integrated equipment for treating high-concentration organic domestic sewage according to the present invention;
Reference numbers in the figures: 1, a regulating tank, 2 an anaerobic tank, 3 an anoxic tank, 4 an aerobic tank, 5 a secondary sedimentation tank, 6 a flocculation reaction tank, 7 a flocculation sedimentation tank and 8 a sludge collecting tank; 9 a main box body, 10 a first lifting pump, 11 a second lifting pump, 12 a first sludge pump and 13 a second sludge pump; 14 frame body, 15 central rope and 16 combined fiber filler; 17 aeration main pipes, 18 aeration branch pipes and 19 micropore aerators; 20. 21 stirrer, 22 medicine storage tank, 23 medicine adding pump and 24 overflow weir.
Detailed Description
The following examples are provided only for illustrating the embodiments of the present invention in detail and are not intended to limit the scope of the present invention in any way.
Example 1: an integrated device for treating high-concentration organic domestic sewage, which is shown in figure 1, comprises a cuboid-shaped main tank body 9, and is divided into an adjusting tank 1, an anaerobic tank 2, an anoxic tank 3, an aerobic tank 4, a secondary sedimentation tank 5, a flocculation reaction tank 6, a flocculation sedimentation tank 7 and a sludge collection tank 8 in the main tank body 9 sequentially through partition plates along the length direction.
A first lifting pump 10 is arranged in the adjusting tank 1, a water outlet of the first lifting pump 10 is communicated into the anaerobic tank 2 through a pipeline, and a filling mechanism is arranged in the anaerobic tank 2; the filler mechanism is including setting up support body 14 in the anaerobism pond, and support body 14 includes upper portion horizontal pole and lower part horizontal pole, and the equidistance is hung and is equipped with central rope 15 between upper portion horizontal pole and lower part horizontal pole, all wears to be equipped with a plurality of combination fibre filler 16 on every central rope 15.
The anaerobic tank 2 and the anoxic tank 3, and the anoxic tank 3 and the aerobic tank 4 are respectively communicated through overflow pipelines arranged on corresponding partition plates; a stirrer 20 is arranged in the anoxic tank 3; an aeration mechanism and a second lifting pump 11 are arranged in the aerobic tank 4, the water outlet of the second lifting pump 11 is communicated into the anoxic tank 3 through a pipeline, the aeration mechanism comprises an aeration main pipe 17 communicated with an external air source, an aeration branch pipe 18 arranged at the bottom of the aerobic tank 4 and communicated with the aeration main pipe 17, and microporous aerators 19 uniformly distributed on the aeration branch pipe 18, and the microporous aerators 19 are disc type microporous aerators; a water through hole is arranged on the partition plate between the aerobic tank 4 and the secondary sedimentation tank 5.
A first sludge pump 12 is arranged in the secondary sedimentation tank 5, and a sludge outlet of the first sludge pump 12 is respectively communicated to the anaerobic tank 2, the anoxic tank 3 and the sludge collecting tank 8 through sludge discharge pipelines; all be equipped with the water hole on the baffle between secondary sedimentation tank 5 and flocculation reaction tank 6, on the baffle between flocculation reaction tank 6 and the flocculation and precipitation pond 7, be equipped with second sludge pump 13 in flocculation and precipitation pond 7, the mud mouth of second sludge pump 13 communicates to mud collecting pit 8 through arranging the mud pipeline, is equipped with overflow weir 24 on the upper portion of flocculation and precipitation pond 7, is equipped with total delivery port on the lateral wall of flocculation and precipitation pond 7. The external part of the flocculation reaction tank 6 is provided with a dosing mechanism, the dosing mechanism comprises a medicine storage tank 22, a dosing pump 23 and a dosing pipe communicated to the inside of the flocculation reaction tank, the dosing mechanisms are two groups, namely a PAC dosing mechanism and a PAM dosing mechanism, and a stirrer 21 is also arranged in the flocculation reaction tank 6.
The sludge collecting tank can be arranged in the main tank body, is positioned at the rear part of the flocculation sedimentation tank, is separated from the flocculation sedimentation tank through a partition plate, and can also be independently arranged outside the main tank body.
The apparatus elements referred to in the above embodiments are conventional apparatus elements unless otherwise specified.
The utility model discloses handle high concentration organic domestic sewage's integrated equipment's concrete working method does:
Sewage to be treated sequentially passes through an adjusting tank, an anaerobic tank, an anoxic tank, an aerobic tank, a secondary sedimentation tank, a flocculation reaction tank and a flocculation sedimentation tank for treatment, the sewage in the adjusting tank is subjected to preliminary adjustment of water quality and water quantity, the sewage in the adjusting tank is conveyed into the anaerobic tank through a first lifting pump, and a filler mechanism is arranged in the anaerobic tank and is used as a biological carrier for anaerobic fermentation; sewage in the anaerobic tank enters the anoxic tank through the overflow edge on the partition plate to perform anoxic reaction, and the sewage is stirred by the stirrer to be fully mixed with the nitrification liquid and the sludge which flow back in the anoxic tank; sewage in the anoxic tank enters the aerobic tank through the overflow stream on the partition plate to carry out aerobic reaction, oxygenation aeration is carried out through the aeration mechanism, part of sewage in the aerobic tank flows back into the anoxic tank through the second lift pump to supplement nitrifying liquid in the anoxic tank, and the nitrifying reaction of the anoxic tank is ensured; sewage in the aerobic tank flows into a secondary sedimentation tank through water passing holes formed in a partition plate for primary sedimentation, sludge in the secondary sedimentation tank is pumped out through a first sludge pump, one part of the sludge flows back to the anaerobic tank and the anoxic tank, and the other part of the sludge flows to a sludge collecting tank; supernatant after the sediment in the secondary sedimentation tank flows to the flocculation reaction tank through the water passing hole on the baffle, PAC and PAM medicament are thrown through adding medicine mechanism in the flocculation reaction tank, make sewage and medicament misce bene carry out flocculation reaction through the agitator, then flow to the flocculation sedimentation tank through the water passing hole on the baffle and deposit, set up the overflow weir in the flocculation sedimentation tank, the supernatant flows through the overflow weir, obtain to handle and accomplish the effluent that reaches emission standard, discharge by total delivery port, the mud of sediment discharges in the mud collecting pit through the second sludge pump.
The embodiments of the present invention have been described in detail with reference to the drawings and examples, but the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, and can be modified or changed within the knowledge of those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. The integrated equipment for treating the high-concentration organic domestic sewage is characterized by comprising a rectangular main tank body, wherein the main tank body is divided into an adjusting tank, an anaerobic tank, an anoxic tank, an aerobic tank, a secondary sedimentation tank, a flocculation reaction tank and a flocculation sedimentation tank by virtue of partition plates in sequence along the length direction of the main tank body;
A first lifting pump is arranged in the regulating tank, a water outlet of the first lifting pump is communicated to the inside of the anaerobic tank through a pipeline, and a filling mechanism is arranged in the anaerobic tank; the anaerobic tank and the anoxic tank and the aerobic tank are respectively communicated through overflow edge-stream pipes arranged on corresponding partition plates;
An aeration mechanism and a second lifting pump are arranged in the aerobic tank, and a water outlet of the second lifting pump is communicated to the anoxic tank through a pipeline; a water through hole is formed in a partition plate between the aerobic tank and the secondary sedimentation tank;
A first sludge pump is arranged in the secondary sedimentation tank, and a sludge outlet of the first sludge pump is respectively communicated to the anaerobic tank, the anoxic tank and an external sludge collecting tank through sludge discharge pipelines; water passing holes are formed in the partition plates between the secondary sedimentation tank and the flocculation reaction tank and the partition plates between the flocculation reaction tank and the flocculation sedimentation tank, a second sludge pump is arranged in the flocculation sedimentation tank, a sludge outlet of the second sludge pump is communicated to an external sludge collecting tank through a sludge discharge pipeline, an overflow weir is arranged at the upper part of the flocculation sedimentation tank, and a main water outlet is formed in the side wall of the flocculation sedimentation tank; and a dosing mechanism is arranged outside the flocculation reaction tank.
2. The integrated equipment for treating high-concentration organic domestic sewage according to claim 1, wherein the filler mechanism comprises a frame body arranged in the anaerobic tank, the frame body comprises an upper cross rod and a lower cross rod, central ropes are hung between the upper cross rod and the lower cross rod at equal intervals, and combined fiber filler is arranged on each central rope in a penetrating manner.
3. The integrated apparatus for treating high concentration organic domestic sewage according to claim 1, wherein said aeration means comprises an aeration main pipe in communication with an external air source, an aeration branch pipe disposed at the bottom of said aerobic tank and in communication with said aeration main pipe, and microporous aerators uniformly distributed on said aeration branch pipe.
4. The integrated apparatus for treating high concentration organic domestic sewage of claim 3, wherein the micro-porous aerator is a disc type micro-porous aerator.
5. The integrated apparatus for treating high concentration organic domestic sewage according to claim 1, wherein stirrers are provided in both the anoxic tank and the flocculation sedimentation tank.
6. the integrated equipment for treating high-concentration organic domestic sewage according to claim 1, wherein the dosing mechanism comprises a drug storage tank, a dosing pump and a dosing pipe communicated to the flocculation reaction tank.
7. the integrated equipment for treating high-concentration organic domestic sewage according to claim 6, wherein the dosing mechanisms are two groups, namely a PAC dosing mechanism and a PAM dosing mechanism.
8. the integrated equipment for treating high-concentration organic domestic sewage according to claim 1, wherein the sludge collection tank is also arranged in the header tank, is positioned at the rear part of the flocculation sedimentation tank and is separated from the flocculation sedimentation tank by a partition plate.
CN201920053417.2U 2019-01-14 2019-01-14 Integrated equipment for treating high-concentration organic domestic sewage Active CN209778575U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111302570A (en) * 2020-03-30 2020-06-19 中原环保郑州设备工程科技有限公司 Integrated sewage treatment equipment with process conversion function
CN111533373A (en) * 2020-05-07 2020-08-14 宁夏绿色之星环保工程有限公司 Integrated rural sewage treatment equipment
CN113173638A (en) * 2021-04-26 2021-07-27 张友昀 Method for promoting denitrogenation effect
CN113603314A (en) * 2021-09-22 2021-11-05 福州大学 Tank type integrated sewage treatment device and operation method thereof

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111302570A (en) * 2020-03-30 2020-06-19 中原环保郑州设备工程科技有限公司 Integrated sewage treatment equipment with process conversion function
CN111533373A (en) * 2020-05-07 2020-08-14 宁夏绿色之星环保工程有限公司 Integrated rural sewage treatment equipment
CN113173638A (en) * 2021-04-26 2021-07-27 张友昀 Method for promoting denitrogenation effect
CN113603314A (en) * 2021-09-22 2021-11-05 福州大学 Tank type integrated sewage treatment device and operation method thereof

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