CN209763376U - Evaporative cooling air-conditioning system based on solar heat collection wall - Google Patents

Evaporative cooling air-conditioning system based on solar heat collection wall Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209763376U
CN209763376U CN201920211733.8U CN201920211733U CN209763376U CN 209763376 U CN209763376 U CN 209763376U CN 201920211733 U CN201920211733 U CN 201920211733U CN 209763376 U CN209763376 U CN 209763376U
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evaporative cooling
air
cooling unit
water
air outlet
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CN201920211733.8U
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Chinese (zh)
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黄翔
贺红霞
郭志成
焦煜
刘振宇
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Xian Polytechnic University
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Xian Polytechnic University
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an evaporative cooling air conditioning system based on solar energy collection wall, including in the casing, according to indirect evaporative cooling unit and the direct evaporative cooling unit that the air inlet direction set gradually, the both sides wall of the relative air inlet of casing is provided with once wind import an and once wind export b respectively, and once wind export b sends into between solar energy collection through the wind-supply pipe after will handling. The utility model discloses combine evaporative cooling air conditioning unit and solar energy collection wall, the drive vigor that application solar energy collection wall changes the hot pressing into the wind pressure and produces can the air of discharging away in summer, reduces the fan energy consumption, can cooperate evaporative cooling air conditioning unit to accomplish ventilation's requirement in transition season.

Description

Evaporative cooling air-conditioning system based on solar heat collection wall
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of air conditioning equipment, concretely relates to evaporative cooling air conditioning system based on solar energy collection wall.
Background
The northwest area of China, particularly the Xinjiang area, has abundant dry air energy and abundant solar energy, and the favorable climatic characteristics of the dry air energy and the abundant solar energy are paid more and more attention. The crisis of energy shortage in China can be solved by fully utilizing natural energy. In recent years, people have shown great interest in solar energy, particularly in western regions, the solar chimney has great geographic advantages, and the western regions are ideal places for building the solar chimney due to abundant land resources, rare population and sufficient sunlight.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
the utility model aims at providing an evaporative cooling air conditioning system based on solar energy collection wall, application solar energy collection wall changes the hot pressing into the wind pressure, has reduced the fan energy consumption.
The utility model provides an adopted technical scheme is, an evaporative cooling air conditioning system based on solar energy collection wall, including in the casing, according to indirect evaporative cooling unit and the direct evaporative cooling unit that the air inlet direction set gradually, the both sides wall of the relative air inlet of casing is provided with once wind import an and once wind export b respectively, and once wind export b sends into solar energy collection room through the wind-supply pipe after will handling.
the utility model discloses a characteristics still lie in:
A filter is arranged between the primary air inlet a and the indirect evaporative cooling unit.
And a water baffle b and a fan b are sequentially arranged between the direct evaporative cooling unit and the primary air outlet b according to the air inlet direction.
The indirect evaporative cooling unit comprises a water tank a, a plate pipe, a water distributor a and a water baffle a which are sequentially arranged from bottom to top; the water tank a is connected with the water distributor a through a water supply pipe a; a secondary air outlet is formed in the shell corresponding to the top of the indirect evaporative cooling unit; secondary air inlets are symmetrically arranged at the front side and the rear side of the shell corresponding to the lower part of the indirect evaporative cooling unit; and a primary air outlet a is formed in one side of the indirect evaporative cooling unit, which is far away from the primary air inlet a.
The water supply pipe a is also provided with a water pump a; and a fan a is arranged at the secondary air outlet.
the direct evaporative cooling unit comprises a water tank b, a filler and a water distributor b which are sequentially arranged from bottom to top; the water tank b is connected with the water distributor b through a water supply pipe b; one side of the direct evaporative cooling unit, which is close to the indirect evaporative cooling unit, is provided with a primary air inlet b; a water baffle b is arranged between the primary air outlet b and the direct evaporative cooling unit.
The water supply pipe b is provided with a water pump b.
The solar heat collection room comprises an air inlet arranged at the upper part of a side wall a of a room, and an air outlet a is arranged at the lower part of a side wall b opposite to the side wall a; the primary air outlet b is communicated with the air inlet through an air supply pipe; the outer side of the side wall b is also provided with a heat storage wall in parallel, and the side wall b and the heat storage wall are respectively and fixedly connected with two side surfaces of the heat insulation wall; the outer side of the heat storage wall is also provided with a glass curtain wall in parallel, and the upper part of the glass curtain wall is provided with an air outlet b.
A solar heat collection wall channel is arranged between the glass curtain wall and the heat storage wall.
Air exhaust valves are arranged at the air outlet a and the air outlet b.
The utility model has the advantages that:
(1) The air conditioning system of the utility model combines the evaporative cooling air conditioning unit with the solar heat collecting wall, and uses the solar heat collecting wall to convert the hot pressing into the driving potential generated by the wind pressure, thereby being capable of exhausting the air in summer, reducing the energy consumption of the fan, and being capable of matching the evaporative cooling air conditioning unit to fulfill the requirements of ventilation in transition seasons;
(2) The air conditioning system of the utility model combines indirect evaporative cooling with direct evaporative cooling, the evaporative cooling air conditioning unit can be almost used under all climatic conditions, the indoor temperature and humidity requirements can be met in dry areas through the evaporative cooling air conditioning unit in summer, fresh cold air can be continuously input in transition seasons, and harmful air can be discharged outdoors by effective positive pressure air supply to keep indoor cleanness; greatly improving the indoor air quality.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an air conditioning system of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of an indirect evaporative cooling unit in an air conditioning system of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a direct evaporative cooling unit in an air conditioning system according to the present invention.
In the figure, 1 is an indirect evaporative cooling unit, 2 is a direct evaporative cooling unit, 3 is a primary air inlet a, 4 is a primary air outlet a, 5 is a primary air inlet b, 6 is a primary air outlet b, 7 is a solar heat collection chamber, 8 is an air inlet, 9 is an air supply pipe, 10 is a filter, 11 is a water tank a, 12 is a plate pipe, 13 is a water distributor a, 14 is a water baffle a, 15 is a water supply pipe a, 16 is a secondary air outlet, 17 is a secondary air inlet, 18 is a water pump a, 19 is a water tank b, 20 is a filler, 21 is a water distributor b, 22 is a water baffle b, 23 is a water supply pipe b, 24 is a water pump b, 25 is a side wall b, 26 is a side wall a, 27 is a bottom plate, 28 is a top plate, 29 is an air outlet a, 30 is a heat storage wall, 31 is a heat insulation wall, 32 is an air outlet b, 33 is a fan b, 34 is a solar heat collection wall channel, 35 is a heat collection valve, 37. shell, 38 room, 39 glass curtain wall.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments.
As shown in fig. 1, an evaporative cooling air conditioning system based on a solar heat collecting wall includes an indirect evaporative cooling unit 1 and a direct evaporative cooling unit 2 which are sequentially arranged in an air inlet direction in a casing 37, wherein a primary air inlet a3 and a primary air outlet b6 are respectively arranged on two side walls of the casing 37 opposite to the air inlet, and the primary air outlet b6 sends processed air into a solar heat collecting chamber 7 through an air supply pipe 9. A filter 10 is arranged between the primary air inlet a3 and the indirect evaporative cooling unit 1. A water baffle b22 and a fan b33 are sequentially arranged between the direct evaporative cooling unit 2 and the primary air outlet b6 according to the air inlet direction.
As shown in fig. 2, the indirect evaporative cooling unit 1 includes a water tank a11, a plate pipe 12, a water distributor a13, and a water baffle a14, which are sequentially arranged from bottom to top; the water tank a11 is connected with the water distributor a13 through a water supply pipe a 15; a secondary air outlet 16 is arranged on a shell 37 corresponding to the top of the indirect evaporative cooling unit 1; the front side and the rear side of a shell 37 corresponding to the lower part of the indirect evaporative cooling unit 1 are symmetrically provided with secondary air inlets 17; the indirect evaporative cooling unit 1 is provided with a primary air outlet a4 at the side far away from the primary air inlet a 3. The water supply pipe a15 is also provided with a water pump a 18; a fan a36 is arranged at the secondary air outlet 16.
As shown in fig. 3, the direct evaporative cooling unit 2 includes a water tank b19, a filler 20, and a water distributor b21, which are sequentially arranged from bottom to top; the water tank b19 is connected with the water distributor b21 through a water supply pipe b 23; one side of the direct evaporative cooling unit 2 close to the indirect evaporative cooling unit 1 is provided with a primary air inlet b 5; a water baffle b22 is arranged between the primary air outlet b6 and the direct evaporative cooling unit 2. The water supply pipe b23 is provided with a water pump b 24.
The solar heat collection room 7 comprises an air inlet 8 arranged at the upper part of a side wall a26 of the room 38, and an air outlet a29 is arranged at the lower part of a side wall b25 opposite to the side wall a 26; the primary air outlet b6 is communicated with the air inlet 8 through an air supply pipe 9; the outer side of the side wall b25 is also provided with a heat storage wall 30 in parallel, and the side wall b25 and the heat storage wall 30 are respectively fixedly connected with two side surfaces of the heat insulation wall 31; the outer side of the heat storage wall 30 is also provided with a glass curtain wall 39 in parallel, and the upper part of the glass curtain wall 39 is provided with an air outlet b 32. A solar heat collecting wall channel 34 is arranged between the glass curtain wall 39 and the heat storage wall 30. Air exhaust valves 35 are arranged at the air outlet a29 and the air outlet b 32.
The utility model discloses air conditioning system's working process does:
the air conditioning system treatment process in summer is as follows:
Outdoor fresh air firstly enters from a primary air inlet a3 of the evaporative cooling air conditioning unit, is sequentially filtered and dedusted by a filter 10, is subjected to equal-humidity cooling by an indirect evaporative cooling unit 1 and equal-enthalpy humidification by a direct evaporative cooling unit 2, and is then sent into a solar heat collection room 7 through a fan b33 and an air entering the solar heat collection room 7 is discharged outdoors under the action of a solar heat collection wall.
The indirect evaporative cooling unit 2 is processed in such a way that filtered outdoor fresh air enters a plate pipe 12 of the indirect evaporative cooling unit 2 to be precooled as primary air, a water tank a11 is connected with a water pump a18 outside the plate pipe 12 from bottom to top, circulating water in the water tank a11 is conveyed to a water distributor a13 for spraying, the outdoor fresh air enters the circulating water sprayed by the water distributor a13 from a secondary air inlet 17 for contact heat exchange, heat of the circulating water is taken away by evaporation of the secondary air, the temperature of the circulating water is close to the wet bulb temperature of the secondary air, the primary air in the water film cooling plate pipe 12 wrapped outside the plate pipe 12 is cooled by the primary air, the temperature of the primary air is reduced and is sent to the next stage for continuous cooling, and the secondary air after heat absorption is exhausted to the atmosphere by a fan a36 through a.
The process of the direct evaporative cooling section is isenthalpic cooling, precooled air passes through the filler 20, a water tank b19 arranged at the lower part of the filler 20 is connected with a water pump b24, circulating water is conveyed to a water distributor b21 for spraying, primary air is contacted with spraying water to generate heat-moisture exchange, the temperature of the primary air is higher than the temperature of the circulating water, the circulating water evaporates and absorbs sensible heat of the primary air, evaporated water vapor enters the primary air to increase the latent heat of the primary air, the primary air is isenthalpic humidified, the water temperature approaches the wet bulb temperature of the primary air, and the cooled primary air reduces the humidification quantity through a water baffle b 22. The solar heat collecting wall has the functions that air in a room 7 enters the solar heat collecting wall channel 34 through the air outlet a29, solar radiation irradiates on the glass curtain wall 39 to heat the air, and the solar heat collecting wall channel 34 exhausts air in the room through the air outlet b32 to the outside under the action of heat pressure.
The air conditioning system treatment process in the transition season is as follows:
In the transitional season, outdoor fresh air can be completely utilized to meet the cooling requirement of the solar heat collection room 7, water pumps of the indirect evaporative cooling unit 1 and the direct evaporative cooling unit 2 do not operate, the outdoor fresh air is directly sent into the solar heat collection room 7 through the fan b33 through the air supply pipe 9 after being filtered by the filter 10, the solar heat collection wall can enable air in the room 38 to enter the solar heat collection wall channel 34 through the air outlet a29, solar radiation irradiates the glass curtain wall 39 to heat the air, and the solar heat collection wall channel 34 exhausts the air in the room through the air outlet b32 under the action of heat pressure to achieve the purposes of ventilation and cooling.
The utility model discloses air conditioning system combines evaporative cooling air conditioning unit and solar energy collection wall ingenious, and the application solar energy collection wall converts the hot pressing into the driving force that the wind pressure produced, can discharge away the air summer, reduces the fan energy consumption, can cooperate evaporative cooling air conditioning unit to accomplish the requirement of ventilation in transition season; in summer, the evaporative cooling air conditioning unit can meet the indoor temperature and humidity requirements in dry areas, fresh cold air can be continuously input in transitional seasons, and harmful air can be exhausted outdoors by effective positive-pressure air supply to keep the indoor clean; greatly improving the indoor air quality.

Claims (10)

1. the utility model provides an evaporative cooling air conditioning system based on solar energy collection wall which characterized in that: the solar energy heat collecting system comprises an indirect evaporative cooling unit (1) and a direct evaporative cooling unit (2) which are arranged in a shell (37) in sequence according to the air inlet direction, wherein a primary air inlet a (3) and a primary air outlet b (6) are respectively arranged on two side walls of the shell (37) opposite to the air inlet, and the primary air outlet b (6) sends processed air into a solar energy heat collecting chamber (7) through an air supply pipe (9).
2. The evaporative cooling air conditioning system based on solar heat collection walls as claimed in claim 1, wherein: and a filter (10) is arranged between the primary air inlet a (3) and the indirect evaporative cooling unit (1).
3. The evaporative cooling air conditioning system based on solar heat collection walls as claimed in claim 1, wherein: and a water baffle b (22) and a fan b (33) are sequentially arranged between the direct evaporative cooling unit (2) and the primary air outlet b (6) in the air inlet direction.
4. the evaporative cooling air conditioning system based on solar heat collecting walls as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein: the indirect evaporative cooling unit (1) comprises a water tank a (11), a plate pipe (12), a water distributor a (13) and a water baffle a (14) which are sequentially arranged from bottom to top; the water tank a (11) is connected with the water distributor a (13) through a water supply pipe a (15); a secondary air outlet (16) is arranged on a shell (37) corresponding to the top of the indirect evaporative cooling unit (1); secondary air inlets (17) are symmetrically arranged at the front side and the rear side of a shell (37) corresponding to the lower part of the indirect evaporative cooling unit (1); and a primary air outlet a (4) is formed in one side of the indirect evaporative cooling unit (1) far away from the primary air inlet a (3).
5. The evaporative cooling air conditioning system based on solar heat collection walls as claimed in claim 4, wherein: a water pump a (18) is also arranged on the water supply pipe a (15); a fan a (36) is arranged at the secondary air outlet (16).
6. The evaporative cooling air conditioning system based on solar heat collecting walls as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein: the direct evaporative cooling unit (2) comprises a water tank b (19), a filler (20) and a water distributor b (21) which are sequentially arranged from bottom to top; the water tank b (19) is connected with the water distributor b (21) through a water supply pipe b (23); one side of the direct evaporative cooling unit (2) close to the indirect evaporative cooling unit (1) is provided with a primary air inlet b (5); a water baffle b (22) is arranged between the primary air outlet b (6) and the direct evaporative cooling unit (2).
7. The evaporative cooling air conditioning system based on solar heat collection walls as claimed in claim 6, wherein: and a water pump b (24) is arranged on the water supply pipe b (23).
8. The evaporative cooling air conditioning system based on solar heat collecting walls as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein: the solar heat collection room (7) comprises an air inlet (8) arranged at the upper part of a side wall a (26) of a room (38), and an air outlet a (29) arranged at the lower part of a side wall b (25) opposite to the side wall a (26); the primary air outlet b (6) is communicated with the air inlet (8) through an air supply pipe (9); a heat storage wall (30) is arranged on the outer side of the side wall b (25) in parallel, and the side wall b (25) and the heat storage wall (30) are respectively and fixedly connected to two side surfaces of the heat insulation wall (31); the outer side of the heat storage wall (30) is also provided with a glass curtain wall (39) in parallel, and the upper part of the glass curtain wall (39) is provided with an air outlet b (32).
9. The evaporative cooling air conditioning system based on solar heat collection walls as claimed in claim 8, wherein: and a solar heat collection wall channel (34) is arranged between the glass curtain wall (39) and the heat storage wall (30).
10. The evaporative cooling air conditioning system based on solar heat collection walls as claimed in claim 8, wherein: and exhaust valves (35) are arranged at the air outlet a (29) and the air outlet b (32).
CN201920211733.8U 2019-02-19 2019-02-19 Evaporative cooling air-conditioning system based on solar heat collection wall Active CN209763376U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920211733.8U CN209763376U (en) 2019-02-19 2019-02-19 Evaporative cooling air-conditioning system based on solar heat collection wall

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920211733.8U CN209763376U (en) 2019-02-19 2019-02-19 Evaporative cooling air-conditioning system based on solar heat collection wall

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109764446A (en) * 2019-02-19 2019-05-17 西安工程大学 A kind of Evaporative Cooling Air-conditioning System

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109764446A (en) * 2019-02-19 2019-05-17 西安工程大学 A kind of Evaporative Cooling Air-conditioning System

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