CN209757064U - High-efficiency electric automobile battery replacement station - Google Patents

High-efficiency electric automobile battery replacement station Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209757064U
CN209757064U CN201920335731.XU CN201920335731U CN209757064U CN 209757064 U CN209757064 U CN 209757064U CN 201920335731 U CN201920335731 U CN 201920335731U CN 209757064 U CN209757064 U CN 209757064U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
box
plate
type cabinet
parking platform
lifting
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Active
Application number
CN201920335731.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杜蓬勃
吴觉士
吴煜志
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Shanghai New-Tronics M & E Co Ltd
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Shanghai New-Tronics M & E Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201920335731.XU priority Critical patent/CN209757064U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN209757064U publication Critical patent/CN209757064U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage systems for electromobility, e.g. batteries
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/7072Electromobility specific charging systems or methods for batteries, ultracapacitors, supercapacitors or double-layer capacitors

Abstract

a high-efficiency electric vehicle battery replacement station, comprising: the parking device comprises a parking platform, an upper ramp and a lower ramp, wherein the parking platform is provided with a central through hole in the center, and four mounting through holes are symmetrically arranged on the parking platform in front of and behind the central through hole and correspond to four wheels of an automobile; the conveying roller way is arranged below the parking platform in a penetrating manner; the front wheel centering mechanism and the rear wheel centering mechanism are respectively arranged below the front mounting through hole and the rear mounting through hole on the parking platform; the lifting mechanism comprises four lifting devices which are respectively arranged on two sides of the parking platform and correspond to four mounting through holes on the parking platform; the two lifting plates are respectively arranged on the two lifting devices positioned at the two sides of the parking platform; the battery caching mechanism is arranged on the end side of the conveying roller way; the at least one lifter is arranged on the walking track, and the walking track is arranged on the outer side of the battery caching mechanism and is parallel to the axis of the parking platform; and the battery bin is arranged beside the traveling track of the elevator.

Description

High-efficiency electric automobile battery replacement station
Technical Field
the utility model relates to an electric automobile technical field, in particular to high-efficient electric automobile trades power station.
background
the traditional battery replacement mode is as follows: parking platform's lifting device lifts up the car, and the RGV gets into the car bottom and takes off the back with the battery and send into the lift, and the lift sends into the battery compartment with empty battery, then the lift gets a full battery from the battery compartment, and the lift will give the RGV full battery, and the RGV gets into the car bottom and will fill the battery and install in electric automobile.
The battery replacement time of the conventional battery replacement mode for the electric vehicle is about 180 seconds.
Disclosure of Invention
the utility model aims to provide a high-efficiency electric automobile battery replacement station, which can meet the requirement of more efficient battery replacement and control the battery replacement time within 120 seconds; moreover, the movement of the RGV can be reduced, and the mechanical reliability is high; one side of the platform is used for conveying empty batteries, and the other side of the platform is used for conveying full batteries, so that the battery replacement efficiency is higher; meanwhile, in the process of battery replacement, once an emergency occurs, passengers can evacuate immediately.
in order to achieve the above purpose, the technical scheme of the utility model is that:
a high efficiency electric vehicle power change station, comprising:
the parking device comprises a parking platform, an upper ramp and a lower ramp, wherein the parking platform is provided with a central through hole in the center, and four mounting through holes are symmetrically arranged on the parking platform in front of and behind the central through hole and correspond to four wheels of an automobile; preferably, guide limit rods are arranged on two sides of the upper end face of the parking platform and the upper ramp;
the conveying roller way is arranged below the parking platform in a penetrating mode, the axis of the conveying roller way is inserted into the axis of the parking platform, the conveying roller way is composed of a plurality of conveying rollers, and the conveying rollers positioned in the middle are exposed out of the central through hole of the parking platform;
the front wheel centering mechanism comprises two first roller assemblies which are respectively and correspondingly arranged below the two mounting through holes on one side of the parking platform;
the rear wheel centering mechanism comprises two second roller assemblies which are respectively and symmetrically arranged below the two mounting through holes on one side of the parking platform;
the lifting mechanism comprises four lifting devices which are respectively arranged on two sides of the parking platform and correspond to four mounting through holes on the parking platform; the two lifting plates are respectively arranged on the two lifting devices positioned at the two sides of the parking platform;
the battery caching mechanism is arranged on the end side of the conveying roller way;
the at least one lifter is arranged on a walking track, and the walking track is arranged on the outer side of the battery caching mechanism and is parallel to the axis of the parking platform;
and the battery bin is arranged beside the traveling track of the elevator.
Preferably, the parking device is provided with two battery buffer mechanisms and two elevators, the two battery buffer mechanisms are arranged on the outer sides of the two ends of the conveying roller way, the two elevators are respectively arranged on the outer sides of the battery buffer mechanisms, and the traveling tracks of the elevators are parallel to the axis of the parking platform.
Preferably, the front wheel centering mechanism comprises two first roller assemblies, which are respectively and correspondingly arranged below the two mounting through holes on one side of the parking platform, and each first roller assembly comprises:
a first base plate;
the two first sliding rails are respectively arranged on two sides of the first bottom plate; the axis of the first slide rail is vertical to the axis of the parking platform;
the first centering support is of a portal frame structure and comprises a connecting top plate, two side plates of the connecting top plate and a first push plate capable of pushing wheels; the inner side surfaces of the two side plates are respectively connected with the sliding blocks on the two first sliding rails; the connecting top plate and the first supporting plate are exposed out of the mounting through hole in the parking platform;
the first driving motor is arranged in the center of the first bottom plate, an output shaft of the first driving motor is connected with a screw rod and nut structure and is parallel to the first slide rail, and a connecting top plate of the first centering bracket is connected with the screw nut through a connecting piece;
two rows of first centering rollers are arranged in a V shape, are arranged on the first bottom plate, are positioned between the two first sliding rails and correspond to the mounting through holes on the parking platform.
preferably, the rear wheel centering mechanism comprises two second roller assemblies, which are respectively and symmetrically arranged below the two mounting through holes on one side of the parking platform, and each second roller assembly comprises:
A second base plate;
the two second sliding rails are respectively arranged at two sides of the second bottom plate; the axis of the second slide rail is vertical to the axis of the parking platform;
the moving plate is arranged on the upper end surfaces of the sliding blocks on the two second sliding rails;
The row of second centering rollers are arranged on the inner side of the movable plate and correspond to the mounting through holes in the parking platform;
the second centering support is of a portal frame structure and comprises a connecting top plate, two side plates of the connecting top plate and a second push plate capable of pushing wheels; the lower ends of the two side plates are respectively connected to the outer sides of the moving plate; the connecting top plate and the second push plate are exposed out of the mounting through hole in the parking platform;
and the second driving motor is arranged in the center of the second bottom plate, and an output shaft of the second driving motor is parallel to the second sliding rail and is connected with the moving plate through a connecting piece.
preferably, the lifting device comprises:
The front part of the upper end surface of the fixed bottom plate is vertically provided with a fixed frame;
the two guide rails are arranged on two sides of the front surface of the fixed frame;
one side of the lifting arm rod is provided with a connecting plate which is connected with the sliding blocks on the two guide rails;
two groups of chain wheel groups are arranged on the fixed frame in parallel, each group of chain wheel groups comprises an upper chain wheel and a lower chain wheel, and the upper chain wheel and the lower chain wheel are respectively arranged on the upper part and the lower part of the fixed frame through bearing seats and are connected through a chain;
the lifting motor and the speed reducer are arranged in the center of the lower part of the fixed frame and positioned between the two groups of chain wheel sets, and two output ends of the speed reducer are respectively connected with wheel shafts of two lower chain wheels of the chain wheel sets.
preferably, the first driving motor, the second driving motor and the lifting motor are servo motors.
preferably, the battery compartment includes:
the fixed frame is of a multi-layer frame structure;
And the unpowered water and electricity joint plugging mechanisms are respectively arranged on the side edge of each layer of the fixed frame.
preferably, the unpowered water and electricity joint plug mechanism includes:
A hydro-electric joint;
the fixed bottom plate is vertically arranged;
the two slide rail seats are respectively arranged on two sides of the front surface of the fixed bottom plate in parallel;
the two sliding rails are respectively arranged on the upper end surfaces of the two sliding rail seats along the axial direction of the sliding rail seats, and a first sliding block and a second sliding block are sequentially arranged on the sliding rails from top to bottom;
a load bearing assembly comprising:
the first connecting plate is arranged on the second sliding block positioned on the lower part of the two sliding rails in a spanning mode; preferably, a baffle plate capable of stopping the battery is vertically arranged on the upper end face of the first connecting plate, close to the reinforcing rib plate;
one end of the bearing plate is connected to the first connecting plate and is horizontally arranged; a reinforcing rib plate is arranged at the joint of the first connecting plate and the bearing plate;
Plug installation component includes:
the second connecting plate is arranged on the first sliding block positioned at the upper parts of the two sliding rails in a spanning mode; two sides of the back of the second connecting plate are respectively provided with a strip-shaped connecting block, and the front part of each connecting block extends into the lower part of the first connecting plate;
the supporting plate is arranged at the upper end of the second connecting plate;
the mounting top plate is connected with the upper end of the supporting plate at one end and is horizontally arranged, and a through hole is formed in the mounting top plate; a reinforcing plate is arranged at the joint of the mounting top plate and the supporting plate; connecting through holes are formed at four corners of the mounting top plate;
a float mechanism comprising:
the four corners of the floating plate are connected to the mounting top plate through connecting bolts, and a spring is sleeved on the connecting bolt between the mounting top plate and the floating plate; the center of the floating plate is provided with an installation through hole which is communicated with the through hole of the installation top plate; the water and electricity joint is arranged in the mounting through hole in a penetrating way;
the two air springs are respectively arranged on the front sides of the fixed bottom plates on the inner sides of the two slide rail seats in parallel, cylinder bodies of the air springs are fixed on the upper parts of the front sides of the fixed bottom plates, and piston rods of the air springs are connected to the front parts of the bottom surfaces of the strip-shaped connecting blocks on the two sides of the back surface of the second connecting plate;
the telescopic piece is arranged between the two air springs, one end of the telescopic piece is connected to the bottom surface of the second connecting plate, and the other end of the telescopic piece is connected to the bottom surface of the first connecting plate.
preferably, the telescopic part is a scissor-fork structure consisting of a plurality of connecting rods, or is a ball screw structure with upper and lower sections of different lead lengths, and comprises a ball screw with upper and lower sections of different lead lengths and corresponding upper and lower nuts, the upper nut is arranged on the back surface of the second connecting plate in the plug-in mounting assembly, and the lower nut is arranged on the back surface of the first connecting plate in the bearing assembly.
Correspondingly, the lift sets up on the walking track, and it includes:
the moving trolley is of a frame structure, wheels which run on the running rails are arranged at the front and the back of the bottom of the moving trolley, wherein the two wheels at the front part are connected through a wheel axle,
The output shaft of the speed reducer is connected with the wheel shaft;
the lifting frame is of a frame structure and is movably arranged in the movable trolley, and guide wheels are respectively arranged on the upper side and the lower side of the two side frames of the lifting frame and are arranged on the two side frames of the frame structure of the movable trolley in a sliding manner;
The lifting mechanism is arranged on the moving trolley and connected with the lifting frame to drive the lifting frame to lift up and down;
the falling protector is arranged on one side of the frame structure of the mobile trolley and is connected with the lifting frame;
at least one telescopic fork is arranged at the bottom in the lifting frame, and the axis of the telescopic fork is perpendicular to the axis of the walking track.
preferably, the lifting mechanism includes:
the first driving chain wheel and the second driving chain wheel are arranged in series on a driving wheel shaft and a bearing seat and are arranged on one side of the top surface of the movable trolley, one end of the driving wheel shaft is connected with a driving device, and the driving wheel shaft is vertical to the walking track;
the first driven chain wheel is arranged on one side of the lower part of the movable trolley through a first wheel shaft and a bearing seat and is positioned below the first driving chain wheel;
the second driven chain wheel is arranged on the other side of the top surface of the movable trolley through a second wheel shaft and a bearing seat;
a first chain coupled to the first driving sprocket and the first driven sprocket;
And one end of the second chain is connected to one side of the lifting frame, and the other side of the second chain bypasses the second driven chain wheel and the second driving chain wheel and is connected to the first chain through a connecting plate.
preferably, the driving means includes: the driving motor and the speed reducer are arranged on one side of the top surface of the movable trolley; the two driving chain wheels are respectively and coaxially connected to the output shaft of the speed reducer and the driving wheel shaft of the first driving chain wheel and the second driving chain wheel which are connected in series.
preferably, the battery buffer mechanism includes:
the base is of a cuboid frame structure, the front side and the rear side of the base are open, and the base mainly comprises an upper frame, a lower frame and two side frames;
the battery buffer memory lifting mechanism is arranged on the base;
The lifting seat is a frame and is arranged in the base, and the lifting seat is connected with the battery cache lifting mechanism;
two supporting components, set up respectively in both sides under the lift seat, supporting component includes:
The two sliding rails are respectively arranged on the same side of the inner side surfaces of the upper frame and the lower frame through an upper mounting plate and a lower mounting plate;
the upper end and the lower end of one supporting rod are respectively pivoted on the sliding blocks on the two sliding rails on the upper mounting plate and the lower mounting plate;
the roller assembly is arranged in the center of the upper end face of the lower frame of the base, comprises a plurality of rollers and is arranged on the lower frame in parallel along the axial direction of the base; the drum is preferably a motorized drum;
four trailing arm subassemblies, two liang set up in the upper portion both sides of the both sides frame of base, this trailing arm subassembly includes:
two fixing plates, one side of which is arranged at the inner side of the side frame of the base;
the rotary supporting grab is movably connected between the two fixing plates through a rotating shaft, and one side of the rotary supporting grab is positioned below the lifting seat.
preferably, the device further comprises four guide blocks, and the four guide blocks are arranged on the lower parts of the inner sides of the frames on the two sides of the base in pairs.
preferably, battery buffer memory elevating system is chain hoist mechanism, lead screw and lead screw driving motor, cylinder or pneumatic cylinder thereof, wherein, chain hoist mechanism includes: the upper chain wheel and the lower chain wheel are respectively arranged in the middle of two sides of the upper frame and the lower frame of the base through a wheel axle seat; and the servo driving motor is arranged in the middle of the upper frame of the base, and two ends of the output end of the servo driving motor are connected with two upper sprocket wheel shafts on two sides of the upper frame through two transmission shafts.
furthermore, the utility model is also provided with at least two box-type cabinet bodies;
when two box-type cabinets are arranged, the two box-type cabinets are vertically intersected and mutually communicated, the parking platform is arranged on one box-type cabinet, and the conveying roller way is spanned between the two box-type cabinets; the front wheel centering mechanism and the rear wheel centering mechanism are arranged on the parking platform, and the lifting mechanism is positioned on one side of the conveying roller way; and the battery bin, the lifter and the battery caching mechanism are sequentially arranged in the other box type cabinet body.
When two box-type cabinets are arranged, the two box-type cabinets are arranged in parallel, and the middle parts of the opposite sides of the two box-type cabinets are communicated; the parking platform is arranged on one of the box-type cabinets, and the conveying roller way is spanned between the two box-type cabinets; the front wheel centering mechanism and the rear wheel centering mechanism are arranged on the parking platform, and the lifting mechanism is positioned on one side of the conveying roller way; a battery compartment, a lift and walking track, a battery buffer memory mechanism set up in it is internal that another box cabinet, wherein, battery buffer memory mechanism is located rollgang outer side, the walking track sets up along box cabinet body length direction, the battery compartment is located walking track one side.
furthermore, three box-type cabinets are arranged, the first box-type cabinet to the third box-type cabinet are arranged in parallel, and the middle parts among the three box-type cabinets are communicated; the parking platform is arranged in the first box type cabinet body, the front wheel centering mechanism and the rear wheel centering mechanism are arranged on the parking platform, the conveying roller way spans the middle parts of the first box type cabinet body and the second box type cabinet body, and the lifting mechanism is positioned on one side of the conveying roller way; the elevator, the walking track and the battery caching mechanism are arranged in the second box type cabinet body, the walking track is arranged along the length direction of the second box type cabinet body, the battery caching mechanism is located on the outer end side of the conveying roller way, and the battery bin is located in the third box type cabinet body and corresponds to one side of the walking track.
furthermore, four box-type cabinets are arranged, wherein the first box-type cabinet to the third box-type cabinet are arranged on one side of the fourth box-type cabinet in parallel; the middle part between the first box type cabinet body and the third box type cabinet body is communicated, so that the walking track is spanned in the three box type cabinet bodies; the battery bin is arranged in the first box type cabinet body and on one side of the traveling track, and the lifter is arranged in the third box type cabinet body; the middle parts of the second box type cabinet body and the fourth box type cabinet body are communicated, the conveying roller table is arranged between the second box type cabinet body and the fourth box type cabinet body in a spanning mode, and the battery cache mechanism is arranged in the second box type cabinet body and located on the outer end side of the conveying roller table; the parking platform is arranged in the fourth box type cabinet body, the front wheel centering mechanism and the rear wheel centering mechanism are arranged on the parking platform, and the lifting mechanism is positioned on one side of the conveying roller way.
Preferably, five box-type cabinets are arranged, the first to fifth box-type cabinets are arranged in parallel, and the middle parts between the first to fifth box-type cabinets are communicated; the conveying roller way is spanned in the second, third and fourth box type cabinet bodies, the parking platform is arranged in the third box type cabinet body, the front wheel centering mechanism and the rear wheel centering mechanism are arranged on the parking platform, and the lifting mechanism is positioned on one side of the conveying roller way; the elevator, the walking track and the battery caching mechanism are respectively arranged in the second box-type cabinet body and the fourth box-type cabinet body, the walking track is arranged along the length direction of the second box-type cabinet body and the fourth box-type cabinet body, the battery caching mechanism is located on the outer end side of the conveying roller way, and the battery bin is located in the first box-type cabinet body and the fifth box-type cabinet body and corresponds to one side of the walking track.
preferably, seven box-type cabinets are provided, wherein three box-type cabinets, namely, second to seventh box-type cabinets, are respectively arranged on two sides of the first box-type cabinet, the second to fourth box-type cabinets and the fifth to seventh box-type cabinets are respectively arranged in parallel, the middle parts of the second to fourth box-type cabinets and the fifth to seventh box-type cabinets are communicated, and a walking track is respectively arranged in the middle parts of the second to fourth box-type cabinets and the fifth to seventh box-type cabinets; the third box-type cabinet body and the sixth box-type cabinet body are communicated with the middle part of the first box-type cabinet body, and the conveying roller way is spanned in the middle parts of the third box-type cabinet body, the sixth box-type cabinet body and the first box-type cabinet body; the battery compartment is arranged in the first box-type cabinet body and the fifth box-type cabinet body and on one side of the walking track, and the two elevators are respectively arranged in the third box-type cabinet body and the seventh box-type cabinet body.
in the utility model, the front wheel and the rear wheel centering mechanism center the automobile body Y direction by pushing the outer sides of the left wheel and the right wheel; the two rows of rollers in the first pair in the front wheel centering mechanism are arranged in a V shape and are used for positioning the automobile body in the X direction. The lifting mechanism is driven by a motor and lifts the vehicle body and the vehicle door side platform through a chain wheel, a chain and a lifting arm rod.
the utility model discloses well unpowered water and electricity connector plug mechanism, when the lift fork was pitched the battery, rely on the air spring to break away from water and electricity connector and battery. The utility model discloses utilize the battery dead weight, saved traditional power device, utilize the poor plug of accomplishing water and electricity joint of stroke that the extensible member produced.
the battery connector plug of the unpowered water and electricity connector plug mechanism of the utility model is triggered by the gravity action of the battery, and the system is simple, convenient to use, stable and reliable;
The utility model discloses well battery buffer memory mechanism need not to provide electric power and controlling means, practices thrift the cost, and processing maintenance cost reduces.
the utility model discloses battery buffer memory mechanism drives the gyration when the battery lifts and holds in the palm and grab the rotation, and the battery is higher than behind the battery bearing block gyration and holds in the palm and grab and reset, descends under the battery and holds in the palm in the gyration and grab on.
the utility model discloses battery buffer memory mechanism both sides adopt the chain to promote, simple structure, and the cost is lower. The electric roller structure is adopted to make the whole structure compact. The rotary supporting and grabbing structure is adopted, and the structure is simple and practical.
the utility model discloses a battery buffer memory lift has reduced and has traded the electric time, has improved and has traded electric efficiency. The utility model has the advantages of compact integral structure and simple and practical structure.
the utility model has the advantages that:
The utility model discloses high-efficient electric automobile trades electric mode of trading in power station is: parking platform lifting device lifts up electric automobile, and fixed trades electric mechanism and takes out the battery, and one end is carried the cylinder and is carried away empty battery, and the other end is carried the cylinder and is carried into fixed trades electric mechanism with full battery at once, and fixed trades electric mechanism and can trade the electricity for electric automobile, and this kind trades the electricity method and is shorter when comparing in traditional trade electricity usefulness, makes trade the electric time control within 120 seconds, and is more high-efficient, better satisfying customer's demand.
the utility model discloses reduced RGV's removal, mechanical reliability is high.
parking platform one side is used for carrying empty battery, and one side is used for carrying full battery, trades the electric efficiency more high-efficient. In the process of replacing the battery, once an emergency occurs, passengers can evacuate immediately.
The utility model discloses high-efficient electric automobile trades power station still further optimizes and adopts the design of the box cabinet body, and the whole main part that trades the power station all places in a plurality of integrated box cabinet bodies, and it brings following advantage: the whole structure is more compact, and the occupied area is smaller; convenient transportation, and can be quickly installed and debugged to be put into use as early as possible after the equipment is in place.
drawings
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a top view of an embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is a perspective view of a parking platform according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 4 is a top view of a parking platform according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a perspective view of the front wheel centering mechanism in an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 6 is a perspective view of the rear wheel centering mechanism in the embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 7 is a perspective view of a lifting device according to an embodiment of the present invention 1;
Fig. 8 is a perspective view 2 of a lifting device in an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 9 is a perspective view 1 of a battery buffer memory mechanism in an embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 10 is a perspective view 2 of a battery buffer memory mechanism according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 11 is a perspective view of a battery buffer mechanism in an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 12 is a front view of a battery buffer mechanism according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 13 is a perspective view of a battery compartment in an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 14 is a perspective view of the unpowered water electrical connector plugging mechanism of an embodiment of the present invention, FIG. 1;
FIG. 15 is a perspective view of an unpowered water electrical connector plugging mechanism in an embodiment of the present invention, FIG. 2;
FIG. 16 is an exploded perspective view of an unpowered water electrical connector plugging mechanism in an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 17 is a schematic view of the use state of the unpowered water and electricity joint plugging and unplugging mechanism in the embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 18 is a schematic structural view of another embodiment of the telescoping member of the unpowered water electrical joint plugging mechanism of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 19 is a perspective view of the elevator of the embodiment of the present invention, fig. 1;
fig. 20 is a perspective view of an elevator according to an embodiment of the present invention, fig. 2;
fig. 21 is a perspective view of an elevator in an embodiment of the present invention 3;
fig. 22 shows an embodiment 1 of the present invention adopting a box-type cabinet design;
Fig. 23 shows an embodiment 2 of the present invention adopting a box-type cabinet design;
FIG. 24 shows an embodiment 3 of the present invention adopting a box-type cabinet design;
FIG. 25 shows an embodiment 4 of the present invention adopting a box-type cabinet design;
fig. 26 shows an embodiment 5 of the present invention adopting a box-type cabinet design;
fig. 27 shows embodiment 6 of the present invention, which adopts a box-type cabinet design.
Detailed Description
referring to fig. 1-21, the utility model discloses a high-efficient electric automobile trades power station, it includes:
the parking device comprises a parking platform 1 and an upper ramp and a lower ramp at the front and the rear of the parking platform 1, wherein a central through hole 101 is formed in the center of the parking platform 1, and four mounting through holes 102, 102 ', 103 and 103' are symmetrically formed in the parking platform 1 at the front and the rear of the central through hole 101 corresponding to four wheels of an automobile;
The conveying roller way 2 penetrates through the lower part of the parking platform 1, the axis of the conveying roller way 2 is inserted into the axis of the parking platform 1, the conveying roller way 2 consists of a plurality of conveying rollers, and the conveying rollers positioned in the middle part are exposed out of the central through hole 101 of the parking platform 1;
the front wheel centering mechanism 3 comprises two first roller assemblies 31 and 32 which are respectively and correspondingly arranged below the two mounting through holes 102 and 102' on one side of the parking platform 1;
The rear wheel centering mechanism 4 comprises two second roller assemblies 41 and 42 which are respectively and symmetrically arranged below the two mounting through holes 103 and 103' on one side of the parking platform 1;
The lifting mechanism 5 comprises four lifting devices 51, 51 ', 52 and 52' which are respectively arranged at two sides of the parking platform 1 and correspond to four mounting through holes 102, 102 ', 103 and 103' on the parking platform 1; two lifting plates 53, 53 ' are respectively arranged on two lifting devices 51, 51 ', 52 ' positioned at two sides of the parking platform 1.
the two battery buffer mechanisms 6 and 6' are arranged at the end side of the conveying roller way 2;
the two elevators 7 and 7 'are respectively arranged on the traveling rails 8 and 8', and the traveling rails 8 and 8 'are arranged on the outer sides of the battery buffer mechanisms 6 and 6' and are parallel to the axis of the parking platform 1;
Two battery compartments 9, 9 ' are arranged beside the running rails 8, 8 ' of the elevators 7, 7 '.
Preferably, the front wheel centering mechanism 3 includes two first roller assemblies 31 and 32, which are respectively disposed under the two mounting through holes 102 and 102' on one side of the parking platform 1, and the first roller assembly 31 (taking the roller assembly 31 as an example, the same applies below) includes:
a first base plate 311;
two first sliding rails 312, 312 'and upper sliding blocks thereof, wherein the two first sliding rails 312, 312' are respectively disposed at two sides of the first bottom plate 311; the axes of the first slide rails 312 and 312' are perpendicular to the axis of the parking platform 1;
a first middle support 313 in a portal frame structure, which includes a top plate 3131 and two side plates 3132, 3132' thereof, and a first push plate 3133 capable of pushing a wheel; inner side surfaces of the two side plates 3132, 3132 'are respectively connected to the sliding blocks on the two first sliding rails 312, 312'; the connecting top plate 3131 and the first supporting plate 3133 are exposed to the mounting through hole 102 on the parking platform 1;
a first driving motor 314 and a speed reducer, which are disposed at the center of the first bottom plate 311, wherein an output shaft 316 of the first driving motor is connected to a screw nut structure, the output shaft 316 is parallel to the first slide rails 312 and 312', and a top connecting plate 3131 of the first centering bracket 313 is connected to the screw nut through a connecting piece;
two rows of first centering rollers 315, 315' are arranged in a V-shape, and are disposed on the first bottom plate 311 between the two first sliding rails 312, and correspond to the mounting through holes 102 on the parking platform 1.
preferably, the rear wheel centering mechanism 4 includes two second roller assemblies 41, 42, which are symmetrically disposed below the two mounting through holes 103, 103' on one side of the parking platform 1, respectively, and each second roller assembly 41 (taking the second roller assembly 41 as an example, the same applies below) includes:
a second bottom plate 411;
two second sliding rails 412, 412 'and upper sliding blocks thereof, wherein the two second sliding rails 412, 412' are respectively disposed on two sides of the second bottom plate 411; the second sliding rail axes 412 and 412' are perpendicular to the axis of the parking platform 1;
a moving plate 413 disposed on the upper end surfaces of the sliders on the two second slide rails 412 and 412';
A row of second centering rollers 414 disposed on the inner side of the moving plate 413 corresponding to the mounting holes 103 of the parking platform 1;
the second centering bracket 415 is in a portal frame structure and comprises a connecting top plate 4151, two side plates 4152 and 4152' of the connecting top plate and a second push plate 4153 capable of pushing wheels; the lower ends of the two side plates 4152 and 4152' are respectively connected to the outer side of the moving plate 413; the connecting top plate 4151 and the second push plate 4153 are exposed to the mounting through hole 103 on the parking platform 1;
a second driving motor 416 and a speed reducer, which are disposed at the center of the second base plate 411, and an output shaft 417 of which is parallel to the second slide rail 412 and is connected to the moving plate 413 through a connecting member 418.
preferably, the lifting device 51 comprises:
a fixed bottom plate 511, a fixed frame 512 is vertically arranged at the front part of the upper end surface of the fixed bottom plate 511;
two guide rails 513, 513 'and upper sliding blocks thereof, wherein the two guide rails 513, 513' are arranged on two sides of the front surface of the fixed frame 512;
a lifting arm 514, one side of which is provided with a connecting plate 5141, and the connecting plate 5141 is connected with the sliding blocks on the two guide rails 513; one side of the lifting plate 53 is arranged on the lifting arm rod 514;
Two sets of sprocket sets 515 and 515' are arranged in parallel on the fixed frame 512, each set of sprocket set 515 (taking the sprocket set 515 as an example, the same below) includes an upper sprocket 5151 and a lower sprocket 5152, which are respectively arranged above and below the fixed frame 512 through bearing seats and are connected through a chain 5153;
the lifting motor 516 and the speed reducer 517 are disposed at the center of the lower portion of the fixed frame 512, and are located between the two sets of chain wheel sets 515 and 515', and two output ends of the speed reducer 517 are respectively connected to the wheel shafts of the two lower chain wheels 5152 of the chain wheel set 515.
preferably, guide limit rods 104 are arranged on two sides of the upper end face of the parking platform 1 and the upper ramp.
Preferably, the first driving motor, the second driving motor and the lifting motor are servo motors.
preferably, the battery buffer mechanism 6 (taking the battery buffer mechanism 6 as an example, the same applies below) includes:
the base 61 is a rectangular frame structure, the front and rear sides of which are open, and mainly comprises an upper frame 611, a lower frame 612 and two side frames 613;
A battery buffer lifting mechanism 62 arranged on the base 61;
a lifting seat 63, which is a frame, disposed in the base 61, wherein the lifting seat 63 is connected to the battery buffer lifting mechanism 62;
two supporting components 64, set up respectively in both sides under the seat 63 lift, supporting component 64 includes:
the two sliding rails 641, 642 and the upper sliding blocks thereof are respectively disposed on the same side of the inner sides of the upper frame 611 and the lower frame 612 through the upper mounting plate 645 and the lower mounting plate 646;
Two support rods 643, 644 forming a scissor-type structure, wherein the upper and lower ends of one support rod 644 are pivotally connected to the upper mounting plate 645 and the lower mounting plate 646 of the upper frame 611 and the lower frame 612, and the upper and lower ends of the other support rod 643 are pivotally connected to the sliding blocks on the two sliding rails 641, 642 of the upper mounting plate 645 and the lower mounting plate 646 respectively;
a roller assembly 65, disposed at the center of the upper end surface of the lower frame 612 of the base 61, including a plurality of rollers 651, disposed on the lower frame 612 in parallel along the axial direction of the base 61; the drum 651 is preferably a motorized drum;
Four bracket arm assemblies 66, two by two, disposed on both sides of the upper portion of the two side frames 613 of the base 61, wherein the bracket arm assemblies 66 include:
Two fixing plates 661, 661', one side of which is disposed inside the side frame 613 of the base 61;
the rotary supporting claw 662 is movably connected between the two fixing plates 661 and 661' through a rotating shaft 663, and one side of the rotary supporting claw 662 is positioned below the lifting seat 63.
Preferably, four guide blocks 67, 67' are further included, two of which are disposed at lower portions of the inner sides of the side frames 613 of the base 61.
preferably, the battery buffer lifting mechanism 62 is a chain lifting mechanism, a screw rod and a screw rod driving motor, an air cylinder or a hydraulic cylinder thereof, wherein the chain lifting mechanism 62 includes:
two groups of upper chain wheels 621, 621 ', lower chain wheels 622, 622 ' and upper chains 623, 623 ', wherein the upper and lower chain wheels 621, 621 ', 622 ' are respectively arranged in the middle of both sides of the upper frame 611 and the lower frame 612 of the base 61 through axle seats;
the servo driving motor 624 is arranged in the middle of the upper frame 611 of the base 61, and two ends of the output end of the servo driving motor are connected with two upper chain wheels 621 and 621 'on two sides of the upper frame 611 through two transmission shafts 6241 and 6241'.
Preferably, the elevator 7 is disposed on the traveling rail 8, and includes:
The traveling carriage 71 is a frame structure, wheels traveling on the traveling rail 8 are provided at the front and rear of the bottom thereof, wherein two wheels at the front are coupled by a wheel axle 711,
a traveling motor and reducer 72, the reducer output shaft being connected to the wheel shaft;
the lifting frame 73 is of a frame structure and is movably arranged in the movable trolley 71, the upper part and the lower part of the frames at the two sides of the lifting frame 73 are respectively provided with guide wheels 74 and 74 ', and the guide wheels 74 and 74' are arranged on the frames at the two sides of the frame structure of the movable trolley 71 in a sliding manner;
the lifting mechanism 75 is arranged on the moving trolley 71 and connected with the lifting frame 73 to drive the lifting frame 73 to lift up and down;
at least one falling protector 76 arranged at one side of the frame structure of the movable trolley 71 and connected with the lifting frame 73;
two telescopic forks 77, 77 'are juxtaposed at the bottom inside the lifting frame 73, and the axes 77, 77' of the telescopic forks are arranged perpendicular to the axis of the walking track 8.
preferably, the lifting mechanism 75 includes:
a first driving sprocket 751 and a second driving sprocket 752 which are arranged in series on a driving wheel shaft 753 and a bearing seat and are installed on one side of the top surface of the mobile car 71, wherein one end of the driving wheel shaft 753 is connected with a driving device 754, and the driving wheel shaft 753 is perpendicular to the traveling track 8;
a first driven sprocket 755 disposed on one side of the lower portion of the traveling carriage 71 through a first wheel axle and a bearing seat, and located below the first driving sprocket 751;
a second driven sprocket 756 disposed on the other side of the top surface of the movable trolley 71 through a second wheel axle and a bearing seat;
A first chain 757 coupled to the first driving sprocket 751 and the first driven sprocket 755;
a second chain 758 having one end connected to one side of the lifting frame 73 and the other end passing over the second driven sprocket 756 and the second driving sprocket 752 and connected to the first chain 757 through a connection plate 759.
preferably, the driving device 754 includes:
A driving motor and speed reducer 7541 provided on one side of the top surface of the mobile cart 71;
the two driving sprockets 7542 and 7543 and the upper driving chain 7544, the two driving sprockets 7542 and 7543 are respectively coaxially connected to the output shaft of the speed reducer 7541 and the driving wheel shaft 753 of the first driving sprocket and the second driving sprocket which are connected in series.
preferably, the battery compartment 9 (taking the battery compartment 9 as an example, the same applies below) includes:
a fixed frame 91 which is a multi-layered frame structure;
and the unpowered water and electricity connector plugging mechanisms 92 are respectively arranged on the side edge of each layer of the fixed frame 91.
Preferably, the unpowered hydro-electrical joint plugging mechanism 92 comprises:
A hydro-electrical joint 921;
a fixed bottom plate 922, arranged vertically;
two slide rail seats 923, 923' are respectively arranged on two sides of the front surface of the fixed bottom plate 922 in parallel;
the two slide rails 924 and 924 ' are respectively and axially arranged on the upper end surfaces of the two slide rail seats 923 and 923 ' along the slide rail seats 923 and 923 ', and the slide rail 924 (taking the slide rail 924 as an example, the same applies below) is sequentially provided with a first slide block 9241 and a second slide block 9242 from top to bottom;
a load bearing assembly 925 comprising:
a first connecting plate 9251 straddling the second slider 9242 positioned at the lower part of the two slide rails 924;
a bearing plate 9252 having one end connected to the first connection plate 9251 and arranged horizontally; a reinforcing rib plate 9253 is arranged at the joint of the first connecting plate 9251 and the bearing plate 9252; preferably, a baffle 9254 capable of stopping the battery 100 is vertically arranged at a position, close to the reinforcing rib plate 9253, of the upper end surface of the first connecting plate 9251;
a plug mounting assembly 926, comprising:
the second connecting plate 9261 is arranged on the first sliding block 9241 positioned at the upper parts of the two sliding rails in a spanning manner; two sides of the back of the second connecting plate 9261 are respectively provided with a strip-shaped connecting block 9262, 9262 ', and the front parts of the connecting blocks 9262, 9262' extend into the lower part of the first connecting plate 9251;
a support plate 9263 provided at an upper end of the second connection plate 9261;
a mounting top plate 9264, one end of which is connected to the upper end of the support plate 9263 and is arranged horizontally, and a through hole 92641 is arranged on the mounting top plate 9264; a reinforcing plate 9265 is arranged at the joint of the mounting top plate 9264 and the supporting plate 9263; connecting through holes are formed in four corners of the mounting top plate 9264;
the float mechanism 927 includes:
A floating plate 9271, four corners of which are connected to the mounting top plate 9264 through connecting bolts 9272, and a spring 9273 is sleeved on the connecting bolt 9272 between the mounting top plate 9264 and the floating plate 9271; a mounting through hole 92711 penetrating through the mounting top plate 9264 and the through hole 92641 is formed in the center of the floating plate 9271; the water and electricity joint 921 is arranged in the installation through hole 92711;
The two air springs 9274 and 9274 ' are respectively arranged on the front surfaces of the fixed bottom plates 922 on the inner sides of the two slide rail seats 923 and 923 ' in parallel, cylinder bodies of the air springs 9274 and 9274 ' are fixed on the upper parts of the front surfaces of the fixed bottom plates 922, and piston rods of the air springs 9274 and 9274 ' are connected to the front parts of the bottom surfaces of the strip-shaped connecting blocks 9262 and 9262 ' on the two sides of the back surface of the second connecting plate 9261;
And an extensible member 9275 provided between the two gas springs 9274 and 9274', wherein one end of the extensible member 9275 is connected to the bottom surface of the second connecting plate 9261, and the other end is connected to the bottom surface of the first connecting plate 9251.
preferably, the telescopic member 9275 is a scissor-fork structure composed of multiple links, or a ball screw structure with upper and lower sections of different lead, and includes a ball screw 9275 with upper and lower sections of different lead and corresponding upper and lower nuts 92751, 92752, the upper nut 92751 is disposed on the back of the second connecting plate 9261 in the plug-in mounting assembly, and the lower nut 92752 is disposed on the back of the first connecting plate 9251 in the bearing assembly, as shown in fig. 18.
the driver drives electric automobile into parking platform, and centering mechanism fixes electric automobile between two parties, and lifting mechanism lifts up electric automobile, and the battery takes out from electric automobile and sends into rollgang left side conveying cylinder, and right side conveying cylinder will be prepared full battery and give, will pack into electric automobile full battery, and electric automobile drives parking platform, trades the electricity and finishes. During the process of loading full batteries into the battery electric automobile, the left conveying roller conveys empty batteries to the battery buffer mechanism and then receives a full battery, and the cycle is carried out.
when the battery is inserted into the battery bin by the fork of the elevator, the battery is placed on the bearing component, the battery moves downwards due to the gravity of the battery to drive the telescopic piece to move downwards, the bearing component is connected with the lower end of the telescopic piece, the upper end of the telescopic piece is connected with the plug installation component, the lower end of the telescopic piece moves downwards, the upper end of the telescopic piece also moves downwards, the lower end of the telescopic piece moves downwards by 1 cm, and the upper end of the telescopic piece can move downwards by 3 cm, so that the water and electricity connector is butted with the battery interface by utilizing stroke difference and depending on the gravity of.
referring to fig. 22, two box-type cabinets 1# and 2# are provided, the two box-type cabinets 1# and 2# are vertically intersected and mutually communicated, the parking platform 1 is disposed on one box-type cabinet 1#, and the conveying roller table 2 is spanned between the two box-type cabinets 1# and 2 #; the front wheel centering mechanism 3 and the rear wheel centering mechanism 4 are arranged on the parking platform 1, and the lifting mechanism 5 is positioned on one side of the conveying roller bed 2; a battery compartment 9, a lifter 7 and a battery buffer mechanism 6 are arranged in the other box-type cabinet body 2# in sequence.
referring to fig. 23, two box type cabinets 1# and 2# are provided, the two box type cabinets 1# and 2# are arranged in parallel, and the middle parts of opposite sides of the two box type cabinets 1# and 2# are communicated; the parking platform 1 is arranged in one of the box type cabinet bodies 1#, and the conveying roller way 2 is spanned between the two box type cabinet bodies 1#, 2 #; the front wheel centering mechanism 3 and the rear wheel centering mechanism 4 are arranged on the parking platform 1, and the lifting mechanism 5 is positioned on one side of the conveying roller bed 2; a battery compartment 9, a lift 7 and walking track 8, a battery buffer memory mechanism 6 set up in another box cabinet body 2#, wherein, battery buffer memory mechanism 6 is located rollgang 2 outer side, walking track 8 sets up along box cabinet body 2# length direction, battery compartment 9 is located walking track 8 one side.
Referring to fig. 24, three box-type cabinets are provided, the first to third box-type cabinets 1#, 2#, and 3# are arranged in parallel, and the middle parts of the three box-type cabinets are through; the parking platform 1 is arranged in the first box type cabinet body 1#, the front wheel centering mechanism 3 and the rear wheel centering mechanism 4 are arranged on the parking platform 1, the conveying roller way 2 is arranged in the middle of the first box type cabinet body 1#, the second box type cabinet body 2#, and the lifting mechanism 5 is positioned on one side of the conveying roller way 2; the lift 7 and the walking track 8, the battery buffer mechanism 6 set up in the box cabinet body 2# of second, the walking track 8 sets up along the box cabinet body 2# length direction of second, the battery buffer mechanism 6 is located the outer distolateral side of rollgang 2, the battery compartment 9 is located the box cabinet body 3# of third, corresponds walking track 8 one side.
referring to fig. 25, four box type cabinets are provided, wherein the first to third box type cabinets 1#, 2#, and 3# are arranged in parallel on one side of the fourth box type cabinet 4 #; the middle parts among the first to third box type cabinet bodies 1#, 2#, 3# are communicated, so that the walking track 8 is spanned in the first to third box type cabinet bodies 1#, 2#, 3 #; the battery bin 9 is arranged in the first box-type cabinet body 1# and on one side of the traveling track 8, and the lifter 7 is arranged in the third box-type cabinet body 3 #; the middle parts of the second box-type cabinet body 2# and the fourth box-type cabinet body 4# are communicated, the conveying roller way 2 is arranged between the second box-type cabinet body 2# and the fourth box-type cabinet body 4# in a spanning mode, and the battery cache mechanism 6 is arranged in the second box-type cabinet body 2# and located on the outer end side of the conveying roller way 2; parking platform 1 sets up in the fourth box cabinet body 4#, front wheel centering mechanism 3, rear wheel centering mechanism 4 set up in parking platform 1 is last, lifting mechanism 5 is located rollgang 2 one side.
Referring to fig. 26, there are five box-type cabinets, the first to fifth box-type cabinets 1#, 2#, 3#, 4#, and 5# are arranged in parallel, and the middle portions between the first to fifth box-type cabinets 1#, 2#, 3#, 4#, and 5# are through; the conveying roller way 2 is spanned among a second box type cabinet body 2#, a third box type cabinet body and a fourth box type cabinet body 2#, a third box type cabinet body 3#, a fourth box type cabinet body 3# and a fourth box type cabinet body 4#, the parking platform 1 is arranged in the third box type cabinet body 3#, the front wheel centering mechanism 3 and the rear wheel centering mechanism 4 are arranged on the parking platform 1, and the lifting mechanism 5 is positioned on one side of the conveying roller way 2; the elevator 7, 7 'and walking track 8, 8', battery buffer memory mechanism 6, 6 'set up respectively in second, the box cabinet body 2#, 4#, walking track 8, 8' set up along second, the box cabinet body 2#, 4# length direction of fourth, battery buffer memory mechanism 6 is located 2 outer end side of rollgang, battery compartment 9, 9 'are located first, the box cabinet body 1#, 5#, correspond walking track 8, 8' one side.
referring to fig. 27, seven box-type cabinets are provided, wherein two sides of a first box-type cabinet 1# are respectively provided with three box-type cabinets, namely, second to seventh box-type cabinets 2# to 7#, second to fourth box-type cabinets 2# to 4#, fifth to seventh box-type cabinets 5# to 7# are respectively arranged in parallel, the middle parts between the second to fourth box-type cabinets 2# to 4# and between the fifth to seventh box-type cabinets 5# to 7# are communicated, and the middle parts between the second to fourth box-type cabinets 2# to 4# and between the fifth to seventh box-type cabinets 5# to 7# are respectively provided with a walking track 8, 8'; the third and sixth box type cabinets 3# and 6# are communicated with the middle part of the first box type cabinet 1#, and the conveying roller table 2 is arranged in the middle parts of the third and sixth box type cabinets 3# and 6# and the first box type cabinet 1# in a spanning manner; the battery bins 9 and 9 ' are arranged in the first box-type cabinet body 1#, the fifth box-type cabinet body 5#, one side of the walking rails 8 and one side of the walking rails 8 ', and the two elevators 7 and 7 ' are respectively arranged in the third box-type cabinet body 3#, and the seventh box-type cabinet body 7 #.

Claims (12)

1. The utility model provides a high-efficient electric automobile trades power station which characterized in that includes:
the parking device comprises a parking platform, an upper ramp and a lower ramp, wherein the parking platform is provided with a central through hole in the center, and four mounting through holes are symmetrically arranged on the parking platform in front of and behind the central through hole and correspond to four wheels of an automobile; preferably, guide limit rods are arranged on two sides of the upper end face of the parking platform and the upper ramp;
The conveying roller way is arranged below the parking platform in a penetrating mode, the axis of the conveying roller way is inserted into the axis of the parking platform, the conveying roller way is composed of a plurality of conveying rollers, and the conveying rollers positioned in the middle are exposed out of the central through hole of the parking platform;
The front wheel centering mechanism comprises two first roller assemblies which are respectively and correspondingly arranged below the two mounting through holes on one side of the parking platform;
The rear wheel centering mechanism comprises two second roller assemblies which are respectively and symmetrically arranged below the two mounting through holes on one side of the parking platform;
The lifting mechanism comprises four lifting devices which are respectively arranged on two sides of the parking platform and correspond to four mounting through holes on the parking platform; the two lifting plates are respectively arranged on the two lifting devices positioned at the two sides of the parking platform;
the battery caching mechanism is arranged on the end side of the conveying roller way;
the at least one lifter is arranged on a walking track, and the walking track is arranged on the outer side of the battery caching mechanism and is parallel to the axis of the parking platform;
And the battery bin is arranged beside the traveling track of the elevator.
2. the efficient electric automobile power exchanging station as claimed in claim 1, wherein two battery buffer mechanisms and two elevators are provided, the two battery buffer mechanisms are arranged outside two ends of the conveying roller way, the two elevators are respectively arranged outside the battery buffer mechanisms, and the traveling tracks of the elevators are parallel to the axis of the parking platform.
3. the high-efficiency electric vehicle battery replacement station according to claim 1, wherein the front wheel centering mechanism comprises two first roller assemblies respectively and correspondingly arranged below the two mounting through holes on one side of the parking platform, and the first roller assemblies comprise:
a first base plate;
the two first sliding rails are respectively arranged on two sides of the first bottom plate; the axis of the first slide rail is vertical to the axis of the parking platform;
The first centering support is of a portal frame structure and comprises a connecting top plate, two side plates of the connecting top plate and a first push plate capable of pushing wheels; the inner side surfaces of the two side plates are respectively connected with the sliding blocks on the two first sliding rails; the connecting top plate and the first supporting plate are exposed out of the mounting through hole in the parking platform;
the first driving motor is arranged in the center of the first bottom plate, an output shaft of the first driving motor is connected with a screw rod and nut structure and is parallel to the first slide rail, and a connecting top plate of the first centering bracket is connected with the screw nut through a connecting piece; the first driving motor is preferably a servo motor;
Two rows of first centering rollers which are arranged in a V shape, are arranged on the first bottom plate, are positioned between the two first slide rails and correspond to the mounting through holes on the parking platform;
Rear wheel is to well mechanism includes two second roller assemblies, respectively the symmetry set up in under two mounting hole of one side on the parking platform, every second roller assembly includes:
a second base plate;
The two second sliding rails are respectively arranged at two sides of the second bottom plate; the axis of the second slide rail is vertical to the axis of the parking platform;
The moving plate is arranged on the upper end surfaces of the sliding blocks on the two second sliding rails;
the row of second centering rollers are arranged on the inner side of the movable plate and correspond to the mounting through holes in the parking platform;
the second centering support is of a portal frame structure and comprises a connecting top plate, two side plates of the connecting top plate and a second push plate capable of pushing wheels; the lower ends of the two side plates are respectively connected to the outer sides of the moving plate; the connecting top plate and the second push plate are exposed out of the mounting through hole in the parking platform;
the second driving motor is arranged in the center of the second bottom plate, an output shaft of the second driving motor is parallel to the second sliding rail, and the second driving motor is connected with the moving plate through a connecting piece; the second drive motor is preferably a servomotor.
4. The high-efficiency electric vehicle swapping station of claim 1, wherein the lifting device comprises:
The front part of the upper end surface of the fixed bottom plate is vertically provided with a fixed frame;
The two guide rails are arranged on two sides of the front surface of the fixed frame;
one side of the lifting arm rod is provided with a connecting plate which is connected with the sliding blocks on the two guide rails;
Two groups of chain wheel groups are arranged on the fixed frame in parallel, each group of chain wheel groups comprises an upper chain wheel and a lower chain wheel, and the upper chain wheel and the lower chain wheel are respectively arranged on the upper part and the lower part of the fixed frame through bearing seats and are connected through a chain;
the lifting motor and the speed reducer are arranged in the center of the lower part of the fixed frame and positioned between the two groups of chain wheel sets, and two output ends of the speed reducer are respectively connected with wheel shafts of two lower chain wheels of the chain wheel sets; the lifting motor is preferably a servo motor.
5. the high efficiency electric vehicle swapping station of claim 1, wherein the battery compartment comprises:
the fixed frame is of a multi-layer frame structure;
A plurality of unpowered water and electricity connects plug mechanism set up respectively in the side of each layer of fixed frame, it includes:
a hydro-electric joint;
The fixed bottom plate is vertically arranged;
the two slide rail seats are respectively arranged on two sides of the front surface of the fixed bottom plate in parallel;
the two sliding rails are respectively arranged on the upper end surfaces of the two sliding rail seats along the axial direction of the sliding rail seats, and a first sliding block and a second sliding block are sequentially arranged on the sliding rails from top to bottom;
a load bearing assembly comprising:
the first connecting plate is arranged on the second sliding block positioned on the lower part of the two sliding rails in a spanning mode;
preferably, a baffle plate capable of stopping the battery is vertically arranged on the upper end face of the first connecting plate, close to the reinforcing rib plate;
one end of the bearing plate is connected to the first connecting plate and is horizontally arranged; a reinforcing rib plate is arranged at the joint of the first connecting plate and the bearing plate;
plug installation component includes:
The second connecting plate is arranged on the first sliding block positioned at the upper parts of the two sliding rails in a spanning mode; two sides of the back of the second connecting plate are respectively provided with a strip-shaped connecting block, and the front part of each connecting block extends into the lower part of the first connecting plate;
The supporting plate is arranged at the upper end of the second connecting plate;
the mounting top plate is connected with the upper end of the supporting plate at one end and is horizontally arranged, and a through hole is formed in the mounting top plate; a reinforcing plate is arranged at the joint of the mounting top plate and the supporting plate; connecting through holes are formed at four corners of the mounting top plate;
a float mechanism comprising:
the four corners of the floating plate are connected to the mounting top plate through connecting bolts, and a spring is sleeved on the connecting bolt between the mounting top plate and the floating plate; the center of the floating plate is provided with an installation through hole which is communicated with the through hole of the installation top plate; the water and electricity joint is arranged in the mounting through hole in a penetrating way;
The two air springs are respectively arranged on the front sides of the fixed bottom plates on the inner sides of the two slide rail seats in parallel, cylinder bodies of the air springs are fixed on the upper parts of the front sides of the fixed bottom plates, and piston rods of the air springs are connected to the front parts of the bottom surfaces of the strip-shaped connecting blocks on the two sides of the back surface of the second connecting plate;
The telescopic piece is arranged between the two air springs, one end of the telescopic piece is connected to the bottom surface of the second connecting plate, and the other end of the telescopic piece is connected to the bottom surface of the first connecting plate.
6. The efficient electric automobile power exchanging station as claimed in claim 5, wherein the telescopic member is a scissor-type structure comprising a plurality of connecting rods, or is a ball screw structure with upper and lower sections of different lead, and comprises a ball screw with upper and lower sections of different lead and corresponding upper and lower nuts, the upper nut is disposed on the back of the second connecting plate in the plug-in mounting assembly, and the lower nut is disposed on the back of the first connecting plate in the bearing assembly.
7. the high-efficiency electric vehicle power exchanging station as claimed in claim 1, wherein the lifter is arranged on a traveling rail and comprises:
the moving trolley is of a frame structure, wheels which run on the running rails are arranged at the front and the back of the bottom of the moving trolley, wherein the two wheels at the front part are connected through a wheel axle,
the output shaft of the speed reducer is connected with the wheel shaft;
the lifting frame is of a frame structure and is movably arranged in the movable trolley, and guide wheels are respectively arranged on the upper side and the lower side of the two side frames of the lifting frame and are arranged on the two side frames of the frame structure of the movable trolley in a sliding manner;
The lifting mechanism is arranged on the moving trolley and connected with the lifting frame to drive the lifting frame to lift up and down;
the falling protector is arranged on one side of the frame structure of the mobile trolley and is connected with the lifting frame;
at least one telescopic fork is arranged at the bottom in the lifting frame, and the axis of the telescopic fork is perpendicular to the axis of the walking track.
8. The high-efficiency electric vehicle swapping station of claim 7, wherein the lifting mechanism comprises:
The first driving chain wheel and the second driving chain wheel are arranged in series on a driving wheel shaft and a bearing seat and are arranged on one side of the top surface of the movable trolley, one end of the driving wheel shaft is connected with a driving device, and the driving wheel shaft is vertical to the walking track;
the first driven chain wheel is arranged on one side of the lower part of the movable trolley through a first wheel shaft and a bearing seat and is positioned below the first driving chain wheel;
the second driven chain wheel is arranged on the other side of the top surface of the movable trolley through a second wheel shaft and a bearing seat;
a first chain coupled to the first driving sprocket and the first driven sprocket;
And one end of the second chain is connected to one side of the lifting frame, and the other side of the second chain bypasses the second driven chain wheel and the second driving chain wheel and is connected to the first chain through a connecting plate.
9. the high efficiency electric vehicle swapping station of claim 8, wherein the drive means comprises:
the driving motor and the speed reducer are arranged on one side of the top surface of the movable trolley;
The two driving chain wheels are respectively and coaxially connected to the output shaft of the speed reducer and the driving wheel shaft of the first driving chain wheel and the second driving chain wheel which are connected in series.
10. The high efficiency electric vehicle swapping station of claim 1, wherein the battery buffering mechanism comprises:
the base is of a cuboid frame structure, the front side and the rear side of the base are open, and the base mainly comprises an upper frame, a lower frame and two side frames;
the battery buffer memory lifting mechanism is arranged on the base;
the lifting seat is a frame and is arranged in the base, and the lifting seat is connected with the battery cache lifting mechanism;
Two supporting components, set up respectively in both sides under the lift seat, supporting component includes:
the two sliding rails are respectively arranged on the same side of the inner side surfaces of the upper frame and the lower frame through an upper mounting plate and a lower mounting plate;
the upper end and the lower end of one supporting rod are respectively pivoted on the sliding blocks on the two sliding rails on the upper mounting plate and the lower mounting plate;
the roller assembly is arranged in the center of the upper end face of the lower frame of the base, comprises a plurality of rollers and is arranged on the lower frame in parallel along the axial direction of the base; the drum is preferably a motorized drum;
four trailing arm subassemblies, two liang set up in the upper portion both sides of the both sides frame of base, this trailing arm subassembly includes:
two fixing plates, one side of which is arranged at the inner side of the side frame of the base;
The rotary supporting grab is movably connected between the two fixing plates through a rotating shaft, and one side of the rotary supporting grab is positioned below the lifting seat.
11. the efficient electric vehicle power exchanging station as claimed in claim 10, wherein the battery buffer lifting mechanism is a chain lifting mechanism, a lead screw and a lead screw driving motor thereof, a cylinder or a hydraulic cylinder, wherein the chain lifting mechanism comprises:
The upper chain wheel and the lower chain wheel are respectively arranged in the middle of two sides of the upper frame and the lower frame of the base through a wheel axle seat;
And the servo driving motor is arranged in the middle of the upper frame of the base, and two ends of the output end of the servo driving motor are connected with two upper sprocket wheel shafts on two sides of the upper frame through two transmission shafts.
12. A high efficiency electric vehicle swapping station as in claim 1 further comprising at least two box cabinets, wherein,
when two box-type cabinets are arranged, the two box-type cabinets are vertically intersected and mutually communicated, the parking platform is arranged on one box-type cabinet, and the conveying roller way is spanned between the two box-type cabinets; the front wheel centering mechanism and the rear wheel centering mechanism are arranged on the parking platform, and the lifting mechanism is positioned on one side of the conveying roller way; a battery compartment, a lifter and a battery buffer mechanism are sequentially arranged in the other box-type cabinet body;
when two box-type cabinets are arranged, the two box-type cabinets are arranged in parallel, and the middle parts of the opposite sides of the two box-type cabinets are communicated; the parking platform is arranged on one of the box-type cabinets, and the conveying roller way is spanned between the two box-type cabinets; the front wheel centering mechanism and the rear wheel centering mechanism are arranged on the parking platform, and the lifting mechanism is positioned on one side of the conveying roller way; a battery bin, a lifter, a walking track and a battery caching mechanism are arranged in the other box type cabinet body, wherein the battery caching mechanism is positioned on the outer end side of the conveying roller way, the walking track is arranged along the length direction of the box type cabinet body, and the battery bin is positioned on one side of the walking track;
when three box-type cabinets are arranged, the first box-type cabinet body, the second box-type cabinet body and the third box-type cabinet body are arranged in parallel, and the middle parts among the three box-type cabinets are communicated; the parking platform is arranged in the first box type cabinet body, the front wheel centering mechanism and the rear wheel centering mechanism are arranged on the parking platform, the conveying roller way spans the middle parts of the first box type cabinet body and the second box type cabinet body, and the lifting mechanism is positioned on one side of the conveying roller way; the elevator, the traveling track and the battery caching mechanism are arranged in the second box type cabinet body, the traveling track is arranged along the length direction of the second box type cabinet body, the battery caching mechanism is positioned on the outer end side of the conveying roller way, and the battery bin is positioned in the third box type cabinet body and corresponds to one side of the traveling track;
When four box-type cabinets are arranged, the first box-type cabinet, the second box-type cabinet and the third box-type cabinet are arranged on one side of the fourth box-type cabinet in parallel; the middle part between the first box type cabinet body and the third box type cabinet body is communicated, so that the walking track is spanned in the three box type cabinet bodies; the battery bin is arranged in the first box type cabinet body and on one side of the traveling track, and the lifter is arranged in the third box type cabinet body; the middle parts of the second box type cabinet body and the fourth box type cabinet body are communicated, the conveying roller table is arranged between the second box type cabinet body and the fourth box type cabinet body in a spanning mode, and the battery cache mechanism is arranged in the second box type cabinet body and located on the outer end side of the conveying roller table; the parking platform is arranged in the fourth box type cabinet body, the front wheel centering mechanism and the rear wheel centering mechanism are arranged on the parking platform, and the lifting mechanism is positioned on one side of the conveying roller way;
when five box-type cabinets are arranged, the first box-type cabinet body to the fifth box-type cabinet body are arranged in parallel, and the middle part between the first box-type cabinet body and the fifth box-type cabinet body is communicated; the conveying roller way is spanned in the second, third and fourth box type cabinet bodies, the parking platform is arranged in the third box type cabinet body, the front wheel centering mechanism and the rear wheel centering mechanism are arranged on the parking platform, and the lifting mechanism is positioned on one side of the conveying roller way; the elevator, the traveling track and the battery caching mechanism are respectively arranged in the second box-type cabinet body and the fourth box-type cabinet body, the traveling track is arranged along the length direction of the second box-type cabinet body and the fourth box-type cabinet body, the battery caching mechanism is positioned at the outer end side of the conveying roller way, and the battery bin is positioned in the first box-type cabinet body and the fifth box-type cabinet body and corresponds to one side of the traveling track;
when seven box-type cabinets are arranged, wherein three box-type cabinets, namely, a second box-type cabinet body to a seventh box-type cabinet body, are respectively arranged on two sides of the first box-type cabinet body, the second box-type cabinet body to the fourth box-type cabinet body and the fifth box-type cabinet body to the seventh box-type cabinet body are respectively arranged in parallel, the middle parts between the second box-type cabinet body to the fourth box-type cabinet body and the fifth box-type cabinet body to the seventh box-type cabinet body are communicated, and a walking track is respectively arranged in the middle parts between the second box-type cabinet body; the third box-type cabinet body and the sixth box-type cabinet body are communicated with the middle part of the first box-type cabinet body, and the conveying roller way is spanned in the middle parts of the third box-type cabinet body, the sixth box-type cabinet body and the first box-type cabinet body; the battery compartment is arranged in the first box-type cabinet body and the fifth box-type cabinet body and on one side of the walking track, and the two elevators are respectively arranged in the third box-type cabinet body and the seventh box-type cabinet body.
CN201920335731.XU 2019-03-13 2019-03-13 High-efficiency electric automobile battery replacement station Active CN209757064U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111469705A (en) * 2020-04-30 2020-07-31 博众精工科技股份有限公司 Battery replacement station and battery replacement method
CN111786191A (en) * 2020-06-05 2020-10-16 蓝谷智慧(北京)能源科技有限公司 Electric connector plugging mechanism and in-place detection method thereof
WO2021128804A1 (en) * 2019-12-25 2021-07-01 浙江康迪智能换电科技有限公司 Automobile guide mechanism

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2021128804A1 (en) * 2019-12-25 2021-07-01 浙江康迪智能换电科技有限公司 Automobile guide mechanism
CN111469705A (en) * 2020-04-30 2020-07-31 博众精工科技股份有限公司 Battery replacement station and battery replacement method
CN111786191A (en) * 2020-06-05 2020-10-16 蓝谷智慧(北京)能源科技有限公司 Electric connector plugging mechanism and in-place detection method thereof

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