CN209693590U - A kind of improved roof afforestation structure - Google Patents

A kind of improved roof afforestation structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209693590U
CN209693590U CN201920457150.3U CN201920457150U CN209693590U CN 209693590 U CN209693590 U CN 209693590U CN 201920457150 U CN201920457150 U CN 201920457150U CN 209693590 U CN209693590 U CN 209693590U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
plantation
chamber
channel
roof
water
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201920457150.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
苏雷
周丽旋
李鹰
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
University of Electronic Science and Technology of China Zhongshan Institute
Original Assignee
University of Electronic Science and Technology of China Zhongshan Institute
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by University of Electronic Science and Technology of China Zhongshan Institute filed Critical University of Electronic Science and Technology of China Zhongshan Institute
Priority to CN201920457150.3U priority Critical patent/CN209693590U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN209693590U publication Critical patent/CN209693590U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of improved roof afforestation structures, including roof, the roof is equipped with plantation chamber, the roof is equipped with the channel that catchments around plantation chamber on the periphery for being located at plantation chamber, described catchment is equipped with multiple draining through-holes between channel and plantation chamber, the plantation is intracavitary to be successively arranged stopping area from top to bottom, plant base and plantation surface layer, water collection chamber is additionally provided on the roof, the water collection chamber is connected to through channel with the channel that catchments, multiple top plates are equipped at the top of the channel that catchments, the top plate is equipped with densely covered through-hole, the plantation is intracavitary to be equipped with multiple spraying racks with spray head, the top of the water collection chamber is equipped with water pump.The utility model effectively utilizes the space on roof, can be collected to the rainwater of rainy day, to irrigate plant, the water resource effectively saved, and draining effect is good, not will form ponding, avoids root system of plant corruption.

Description

A kind of improved roof afforestation structure
Technical field
The utility model relates to environmental technology field, specially a kind of improved roof afforestation structure.
Background technique
Green building refers to building environmental sound, can make full use of naturally resource, and basic in not welding A kind of building built under the conditions of the ecological balance.Important composition of the implant system as Green Architecture is built, is that there is weight Big meaning.
Current building implant system already existing on the market is that some green plantss are planted on roof to reach and increase Greening, improves the purpose of air quality, and existing growing body needs external water source to pour to cultivation box, due to needing The vegetation of plantation is poured for a long time, needs to expend more water resource, and plant root ponding easy to form, so that planting Object root system corruption, causes Plant death.Therefore we make optimization design to this, propose a kind of improved roof afforestation structure.
Summary of the invention
To solve defect of the existing technology, the utility model provides a kind of improved roof afforestation structure.
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, the utility model provides the following technical solution:
The utility model is a kind of improved roof afforestation structure, including roof, and the roof is equipped with plantation chamber, described Roof be located at plantation chamber periphery be equipped with around plantation chamber the channel that catchments, it is described catchment channel and plantation chamber between be equipped with it is more A draining through-hole, the plantation is intracavitary to be successively arranged stopping area, plantation base and plantation surface layer from top to bottom, goes back on the roof Equipped with water collection chamber, the water collection chamber is connected to through channel with the channel that catchments, and multiple top plates, institute are equipped at the top of the channel that catchments It states top plate and is equipped with densely covered through-hole, the plantation is intracavitary to be equipped with multiple spraying racks with spray head, the top of the water collection chamber Equipped with water pump, the water outlet of the water pump is through delivery hose and spraying rack.
As a kind of optimal technical scheme of the utility model, the outside in the channel is equipped with filter mechanism, the filtering Mechanism includes the limit plate that channel two sides are arranged, and is plugged with filter screen between two limit plates.
As a kind of optimal technical scheme of the utility model, the bottom of the plantation chamber is equipped with multiple through plantation chamber two The side wall of the communicating pipe of side, the communicating pipe are equipped with the first densely covered venthole.
As a kind of optimal technical scheme of the utility model, multiple ventilations straight up are connected on the communicating pipe Pipe, the snorkel are equipped with the second densely covered venthole.
As a kind of optimal technical scheme of the utility model, the stopping area is poured by bituminous concrete.
As a kind of optimal technical scheme of the utility model, the plantation surface layer is sand stone layer, and the plantation base is Soil horizon.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: 1, this kind of roof afforestation structure plants chamber by being equipped on roof, and The periphery of plantation chamber is equipped with the channel that catchments, wherein catchmenting is equipped with draining through-hole between channel and plantation chamber, is planting intracavitary plantation Trees flowers are collected the rainwater on rainy day using channel is catchmented, and are flowed into water collection chamber and carry out centralized collection, and plant It plants intracavitary excessive ponding and then passes through draining through-hole and be flowed into and catchment in channel, efficiently avoid because planting intracavitary ponding mistake It is more, so that root system of plant is easy the rainwater for rotting, and being collected by water collection chamber, the then spray head that can be pumped by water pump on spraying rack It is interior, and spray, it is irrigated to plant the plant of intracavitary plantation under the weather of hot arid, the water money effectively utilized Source.
2, this kind of roof afforestation structure is by setting filter mechanism, and wherein filter mechanism includes the limit that channel two sides are arranged Plate is plugged with filter screen between two limit plates, plays the role of filtering, a large amount of sundries has been avoided to enter water collection chamber It is interior, when the water body in water collection chamber is pumped into the spray head on spraying rack by water pump, it is easy to block spray head.
3, this kind of roof afforestation structure, the bottom for planting chamber are equipped with multiple communicating pipes through plantation chamber two sides, the company The side wall of siphunculus is equipped with the first densely covered venthole, is that the plantation base of bottom carries out draining and ventilation, is conducive to plant The development of the root system of plant of intracavitary plantation.In addition multiple snorkels straight up, the ventilation are connected on the communicating pipe Pipe is equipped with the second densely covered venthole, and the two matches, and is more advantageous to and plants intracavitary plant growth.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of improved roof afforestation structure of the utility model.
Fig. 2 is a kind of state diagram of improved roof afforestation structure of the utility model.
Fig. 3 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of the top plate of improved roof afforestation structure of the utility model.
In figure: 1, roof;2, chamber is planted;3, catchment channel;4, draining through-hole;5, stopping area;6, base is planted;7, it plants Surface layer;8, water collection chamber;9, channel;10, water pump;11, top plate;12, through-hole;13, spraying rack;14, limit plate;15, filter screen; 16, communicating pipe;17, the first venthole;18, snorkel;19, the second venthole.
Specific embodiment
It is illustrated below in conjunction with preferred embodiment of the attached drawing to the utility model, it should be understood that described herein excellent It selects embodiment to be only used for describing and explaining the present invention, is not used to limit the utility model.
Embodiment: as shown in Figure 1, Figure 2 and Figure 3, a kind of improved roof afforestation structure of the utility model, including roof 1, The roof 1 is equipped with plantation chamber 2, and the roof 1 is equipped with the channel that catchments around plantation chamber 2 on the periphery for being located at plantation chamber 2 3, described catchment is equipped with multiple draining through-holes 4 between channel 3 and plantation chamber 2, is successively arranged resistance from top to bottom in the plantation chamber 2 Root layer 5, plantation base 6 and plantation surface layer 7, are additionally provided with water collection chamber 8 on the roof 1, the water collection chamber 8 through channel 9 with catchment Channel 3 is connected to, and the top for catchmenting channel 3 is equipped with multiple top plates 11, and the top plate 11 is equipped with densely covered through-hole 12, described It plants and is equipped with multiple spraying racks 13 with spray head in chamber 2, the top of the water collection chamber 8 is equipped with water pump 10, the water pump 10 Water outlet be connected to through delivery hose with the spray head on spraying rack 13, the water inlet end of the water pump 10 is arranged in water collection chamber 8.
Wherein, the outside in the channel 9 is equipped with filter mechanism, and the filter mechanism includes the limit that 9 two sides of channel are arranged Plate 14 is plugged with filter screen 15 between two limit plates 14, plays the role of filtering, a large amount of sundries has been avoided to enter collection In water cavity 8, when the water body in water collection chamber 8 is pumped into the spray head on spraying rack 13 by water pump 10, it is easy to block spray head.
Wherein, the bottom of the plantation chamber 2 is equipped with multiple communicating pipes 16 through plantation 2 two sides of chamber, the communicating pipe 16 Side wall be equipped with the first densely covered venthole 17, be that the plantation base 6 of bottom carries out draining and ventilation, be conducive to plant chamber The development for the root system of plant planted in 2.
Wherein, multiple snorkels 18 straight up are connected on the communicating pipe 16, the snorkel 18 is equipped with close Second venthole 19 of cloth is combined with the first venthole 17 on communicating pipe 16, and the plant being more advantageous in plantation chamber 2 is raw It is long.
Wherein, the stopping area 5 is poured by bituminous concrete, and intensity is big, is hardly damaged.
Wherein, the plantation surface layer 7 is sand stone layer, and permeability performance is good, is conducive to rainwater and enters in plantation base, described Planting base 6 is soil horizon, is conducive to the growth of plant.
When work, it is equipped with the channel 3 that catchments by being equipped with plantation chamber 2 on roof 1, and in the periphery of plantation chamber 2, wherein collecting It is equipped with draining through-hole 4 between flume 3 and plantation chamber 2, plants trees flowers in plantation chamber 2, using the channel 3 that catchments to rainy It rainwater is collected, and is flowed into water collection chamber 8 and is carried out centralized collection, and is planted ponding excessive in chamber 2 and then passed through drip Water through-hole 4, which is flowed into, to catchment in channel 3, efficiently avoids because the ponding in plantation chamber 2 is excessive, so that root system of plant is easy corruption Rainwater that is rotten, and being collected by water collection chamber 8 can be then pumped into the spray head on spraying rack 13 by water pump 10, and be sprayed, Lai Yan It is irrigated under the weather of hot arid for the interior plant planted of plantation chamber 2, the water resource effectively utilized.
Finally, it should be noted that the above descriptions are merely preferred embodiments of the present invention, it is not limited to this Utility model, although the utility model is described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, for those skilled in the art For, it is still possible to modify the technical solutions described in the foregoing embodiments, or to part of technical characteristic It is equivalently replaced.Within the spirit and principle of the utility model, any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement and so on, It should be included within the scope of protection of this utility model.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of improved roof afforestation structure, including roof (1), it is characterised in that: the roof (1) is equipped with plantation chamber (2), the roof (1) is equipped with the channel that catchments (3) around plantation chamber (2), the collecting gutter on the periphery for being located at plantation chamber (2) It is equipped with multiple draining through-holes (4) between road (3) and plantation chamber (2), is successively arranged stopping area from top to bottom in the plantation chamber (2) (5), base (6) and plantation surface layer (7) are planted, are additionally provided with water collection chamber (8) on the roof (1), the water collection chamber (8) is through channel (9) it is connected to the channel that catchments (3), is equipped with multiple top plates (11) at the top of the channel that catchments (3), the top plate (11) is equipped with Densely covered through-hole (12), plantation chamber (2) is interior to be equipped with multiple spraying racks (13) with spray head, the water collection chamber (8) Top is equipped with water pump (10), and the water outlet of the water pump (10) is connected to through delivery hose with the spray head on spraying rack (13), described The water inlet end setting of water pump (10) is in water collection chamber (8).
2. a kind of improved roof afforestation structure according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the outside of the channel (9) Equipped with filter mechanism, the filter mechanism includes the limit plate (14) of setting channel (9) two sides, and two limit plate (14) interleave It is connected to filter screen (15).
3. a kind of improved roof afforestation structure according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the bottom of plantation chamber (2) Portion is equipped with multiple communicating pipes (16) through plantation chamber (2) two sides, and the side wall of the communicating pipe (16) is equipped with gather first Venthole (17).
4. a kind of improved roof afforestation structure according to claim 3, which is characterized in that connect on the communicating pipe (16) Multiple snorkels (18) straight up are connected to, the snorkel (18) is equipped with densely covered the second venthole (19).
5. a kind of improved roof afforestation structure according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the stopping area (5) be by Bituminous concrete pours.
6. a kind of improved roof afforestation structure according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the plantation surface layer (7) is Sand stone layer, the plantation base (6) is soil horizon.
CN201920457150.3U 2019-04-08 2019-04-08 A kind of improved roof afforestation structure Expired - Fee Related CN209693590U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920457150.3U CN209693590U (en) 2019-04-08 2019-04-08 A kind of improved roof afforestation structure

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920457150.3U CN209693590U (en) 2019-04-08 2019-04-08 A kind of improved roof afforestation structure

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN209693590U true CN209693590U (en) 2019-11-29

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201920457150.3U Expired - Fee Related CN209693590U (en) 2019-04-08 2019-04-08 A kind of improved roof afforestation structure

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN209693590U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111248061A (en) * 2020-02-24 2020-06-09 中国水利水电科学研究院 Circulation-adjustable crop water irrigation system and method

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111248061A (en) * 2020-02-24 2020-06-09 中国水利水电科学研究院 Circulation-adjustable crop water irrigation system and method

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GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20191129

Termination date: 20200408

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee