CN209651187U - A kind of household garbage loading device - Google Patents

A kind of household garbage loading device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209651187U
CN209651187U CN201920048441.7U CN201920048441U CN209651187U CN 209651187 U CN209651187 U CN 209651187U CN 201920048441 U CN201920048441 U CN 201920048441U CN 209651187 U CN209651187 U CN 209651187U
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China
Prior art keywords
rack
conveyor belt
annular
drive chain
belt
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CN201920048441.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
郭龙山
向焕意
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Henan Winner Vibrating Equipment Co Ltd
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Henan Winner Vibrating Equipment Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201920048441.7U priority Critical patent/CN209651187U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of household garbage loading devices, it is related to rubbish transportation art, including rack, rack is equipped with feeding unit, frame upper end side is equipped with feed hopper, rack is equipped with discharge bucket, feeding unit includes cyclic annular conveyor belt, protect flitch, annular drive chain, connector, drive sprocket axle, tail sprocket axis, cyclic annular conveyor belt is set on the rack, two side position of upper conveyor surface of corresponding ring-type conveyor belt is equipped with shield flitch in rack, annular drive chain is respectively provided at cyclic annular conveyor belt two sides, it is moved synchronously between cyclic annular conveyor belt and annular drive chain by connector connection, drive sprocket axle, tail sprocket axis, which is respectively provided in rack, to be corresponded at annular drive chain end positions, drive sprocket axle, tail sprocket axis with annular drive chain engaged transmission, drive sprocket axle one end is connected with drive Dynamic motor, not only ensure that equipment conveying capacity, but also very good solution material leakage that may be present and Inclusion Problem.

Description

A kind of household garbage loading device
Technical field
The utility model relates to field of garbage disposal equipment more particularly to a kind of feeding devices for rubbish conveying.
Background technique
In the 21st century, is expanded along with the high speed in city, the continuous promotion of economic level, the yield and kind of house refuse Class is also more and more, and garbage disposal becomes a great problem of urban development.The main method of existing processing rubbish is landfill method, rubbish Rubbish incineration method.All there is very big drawback in the method for two kinds of processing rubbish, landfill method processing rubbish can occupy a large amount of soils, and Soil can be polluted;Incineration can burn together the Recyclable in rubbish, not only result in air dirt Dye, and cause the waste of resource.Rubbish can be carried out classification processing by sorting consumer waste technology, pass through the means such as sieving approach Rubbish is effectively separated, to achieve the purpose that garbage decrement, innoxious and resource circulation utilization.Chain mat machine is being lived Garbage disposal is used for the feed of refuse classification producing line, but using effect and performance are unable to satisfy customer demand sometimes.
The main problem of existing chain mat machine: 1, carrier bar manufacturing process is complicated, and the part being superimposed between carrier bar needs to guarantee folding Curved size is consistent, requires to increase to the technical level of operator;2, the installation of carrier bar is complicated, need to guarantee each carrier bar it Between gap, gap greatly be easy dew material, material folding, gap is too small to be easy to produce abrasion, and type of attachment determines that it cannot quickly be transported Turn;3, the weight of the big increased equipment of the self weight of carrier bar, reduces conveying capacity;4, for lightweight object as house refuse The manufacturing cost of material, chain mat machine is high, and practicability is not high.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to solve dregs present in house refuse present in conventional garbage feeding chain mat machine, The substances such as stone can be leaked out by the gap between chain mat machine carrier bar, large-sized stone, plastics, and textile can be mixed in gap Between the problem of causing abrasion, noise etc. to endanger, a kind of household garbage loading device is provided, not only ensure that equipment conveying capacity, And very good solution material leakage that may be present and Inclusion Problem.
In order to achieve the goal above, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is: a kind of household garbage loading device, including Rack is provided with feeding unit in rack, and frame upper end side corresponds to feeding unit position directly above and is provided with feed hopper, rack Be provided with discharge bucket at upper corresponding feeding unit conveying terminal position, the feeding unit include cyclic annular conveyor belt, shield flitch, Annular drive chain, connector, drive sprocket axle, tail sprocket axis, the ring-type conveyor belt are arranged on the rack, the machine Two side position of upper conveyor surface of corresponding ring-type conveyor belt is provided with shield flitch on frame, and the annular drive chain is respectively set It is moved synchronously between cyclic annular conveyor belt two sides, the ring-type conveyor belt and annular drive chain by connector connection, The drive sprocket axle, tail sprocket axis, which are respectively set, to be corresponded on the rack at annular drive chain end positions, drive sprocket Annular drive chain position is corresponded on axis, tail sprocket axis and is set with drive sprocket, and drive sprocket is nibbled with annular drive chain Transmission is closed, drive sprocket axle one end is connected with driving motor.
In order to advanced optimize the utility model, following technical scheme can be preferentially selected:
Preferably, the cyclic annular conveyor belt is provided with tail portion strainer, tail portion strainer away from discharge bucket one end Including nutted rod, bearing block, guide sleeve, the nutted rod is arranged on the rack at corresponding tail sprocket shaft position, the tail portion chain Wheel shaft both ends are movably arranged in rack by bearing block, and sliding block is provided on the bearing block, corresponds to sliding block in the rack Position is provided with the sliding rail with sliding block cooperation sliding, and the guide sleeve is arranged on the rack at corresponding nutted rod position, nutted rod one End is fixedly connected with the bearing seat, and the nutted rod other end is through guide sleeve and is set with adjusting nut, corresponding adjustment spiral shell in the guide sleeve Female inside is embedded with disc spring group.
Preferably, the connector includes belt load bearing beam, connecting plate, and belt load bearing beam upper surface both ends pass through company Fishplate bar is fixedly connected with cyclic annular conveyor belt, and belt load bearing beam lower end surface is fixedly connected with annular drive chain.
Preferably, the shield flitch bottom is provided with the L-type guide portion of inside bending at conveyor belt position.
Preferably, rubber seal skin, rubber are additionally provided between the shield flitch and the upper conveyor surface of cyclic annular conveyor belt Sealing skin upper end is fixed on the rack, and the rubber seal upper conveyor surface that subcutaneously end activity is bonded cyclic annular conveyor belt is arranged.
Preferably, the lateral wall of the shield flitch is provided with mounting plate, and the rubber seal skin setting is in shield flitch and peace Between loading board at position, the mounting plate lower part is provided with outside bending part, and bending part is for bending rubber seal skin.
Preferably, annular drive chain position is corresponded in the rack be provided with I-shaped guide rail, the annular drive Chain support is arranged on guide rail.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
It 1, is using flexible adhesive tape as material carrier, using sprocket wheel and chain as the continuous defeated of traction piece in the utility model Send equipment.According to tribology principle, moved by the frictional force between material and belt.Sprocket wheel is rotated by speed reducer, Chain is fixed by attachment device and belt, pile warp drive sprocket axle and tail sprocket axis, forms an electrodeless endless belt.Work When, house refuse is poured into the strap surface of feeding device by grab bucket or forklift, and chain gearing drives belt operation, object Material is deposited on belt to be moved with belt.The complicated component and conveying capacity just realized in this way require bigger house refuse Fast transportation.
2, the utility model is also equipped with tail portion tension device tail portion tension device in cyclic annular conveyor belt tail portion, due to life Component of refuse living is more complicated, therefore the load that conveying equipment is born at runtime is also unstable, and tail portion tension device utilizes dish The rigidity of spring group ensure that tail sprocket axis is fixed on suitable distance, and big load bring is buffered using the elasticity of disc spring Impact.Simultaneously in order to guarantee the case where material leakage, material folding occur during feeding garbage, sealing rubber is also equipped on feeding device Rubber makes sealing skin bend to certain radian and is bonded well with conveyor belt surface, avoids and contact with the direct of belt, reduce Abrasion guarantees the reliability of sealing.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is feeding device main view;
Fig. 2 is feeding device top view;
Fig. 3 is feeding device B to side view;
Fig. 4 is cross-sectional view at A;
Fig. 5 is tail portion strainer schematic diagram;
Fig. 6 is enlarged diagram at C;
Fig. 7 is structure enlargement diagram at D.
Wherein, 1- tail tensioner, 2- feed hopper, 3- feeding unit, 4- rack, 5- connector, 6- driving motor, 7- Guide rail, 8- ring-type conveyor belt, 9- drive sprocket axle, 10- drive sprocket, 11- discharge bucket, 12- tail sprocket axis, 13- shield material Plate, 14-L type guide portion, 15- mounting plate, 16- bending part, 17- rubber seal skin, 18- annular drive chain, 19- support wheel, 20- bearing rib, 101- square slider, 102- bearing block, 103- adjusting nut, 104- sliding rail, 105- nutted rod, 106- disc spring Group, 107- guide sleeve, 501- belt load bearing beam, 502- connecting plate, 503- carrier bar.
Specific embodiment
In the description of the present invention, it should also be noted that, unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, term " is set Set ", " installation ", " connected ", " connection " shall be understood in a broad sense, for example, it may be being fixedly connected, may be a detachable connection, Or it is integrally connected;It can be mechanical connection, be also possible to be electrically connected;It can be directly connected, intermediary can also be passed through It is indirectly connected, can be the connection inside two elements.For the ordinary skill in the art, it can be managed with concrete condition Solve the concrete meaning of above-mentioned term in the present invention.
The following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, carries out the technical scheme in the embodiment of the utility model Clearly and completely describe, it is clear that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the utility model, rather than whole Embodiment.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are without making creative work Every other embodiment obtained, fall within the protection scope of the utility model.
Embodiment 1
Such as Fig. 1-7, a kind of household garbage loading device, including rack 4 are equipped with feeding unit 3, frame upper end in rack Side corresponds to 3 position directly above of feeding unit and is equipped with feed hopper 2, and grab bucket or forklift will life rubbish in rubbish transmission process Rubbish is poured on the feeding unit of feeding device by feed hopper 2, is corresponded in rack 4 and is installed at feeding unit conveying terminal position There is discharge bucket 11, feeding unit 3 includes cyclic annular conveyor belt 8, shield flitch 13, annular drive chain 18, connector 5, drive chain Wheel shaft 9, tail sprocket axis 12, cyclic annular conveyor belt are mounted on the rack along conveying direction, the upper conveyor surface of cyclic annular conveyor belt 8 For carrying house refuse, two side position of upper conveyor surface of corresponding cyclic annular conveyor belt is mounted on shield flitch 13, shield in rack 4 13 bottom of flitch is equipped with the L-type guide portion 14 of inside bending at conveyor belt position, by L-type guide portion 14 to feeding Device plays accumulation and the guiding role of material, guarantees that rubbish material can only be moved when running on strap surface in chute.Shield material It is also equipped with rubber seal skin 17 between plate and the upper conveyor surface of cyclic annular conveyor belt, 17 upper end of rubber seal skin is fixedly mounted on In rack, the 17 lower end activity of rubber seal skin is bonded the upper conveyor surface installation of cyclic annular conveyor belt 8.Protect the lateral wall installation of flitch There is mounting plate 15, rubber seal skin 17 is mounted between shield flitch and mounting plate at position, and 15 lower part of mounting plate is equipped with outward Bending part 16, bending part 16 is for bending rubber seal skin, and making to seal skin, to bend to certain radian fine with conveyor belt surface Fitting, avoid with belt directly contact, reduce abrasion, guarantee seal reliability.
There are two be separately mounted to cyclic annular conveyor belt two sides, cyclic annular conveyor belt and annular drive chain with annular drive chain It is moved synchronously between item by the connection of connector 5, connector 5 includes belt load bearing beam 501, connecting plate 502, belt load bearing beam 501 upper surfaces both ends are fixedly connected with cyclic annular conveyor belt 8,501 lower end surface of belt load bearing beam and annular drive by connecting plate 502 The carrier bar 503 of chain 18 is fixedly connected, and not only ensure that the reliability that belt is connect with chain, but also can guarantee that belt can be held By very big load;Annular drive chain position is corresponded in rack, I-shaped guide rail 7 is installed, on annular drive chain 18 The support of support wheel 19 is mounted on guide rail, and arc-shaped transition is disposed at the marginal position of guide rail, guarantees annular drive chain movement The support strength of stability and cyclic annular conveyor belt in the process;Lateral edge is defeated in corresponding cyclic annular conveyor belt 8 in rack 4 simultaneously Material direction is equipped with bearing rib 20, and bearing rib 20 guarantees the support strength of cyclic annular conveyor belt;Drive sprocket axle 9, tail portion Sprocket shaft 12 is separately mounted to correspond in rack 4 at 18 end positions of annular drive chain, on drive sprocket axle, tail sprocket axis It is corresponding that drive sprocket, drive sprocket engaged transmission annular drive chain, drive sprocket are installed with annular drive chain position Axis one end is connected with driving motor 6, drives annular drive chain 18 to rotate by driving motor 6, and then annular drive chain 18 It drives cyclic annular conveyor belt 8 to carry out conveying and realizes feeding function.
Since house refuse comparison of ingredients is complicated, the load that conveying equipment is born at runtime is also unstable, feeding Device must assure that the reliability and stationarity of sprocket wheel transmission when running.To guarantee the load of cyclic annular conveyor belt during the material conveying process Lotus stability is equipped with tail portion strainer 1, tail portion strainer in rack of the cyclic annular conveyor belt away from discharge bucket one end 1 includes nutted rod 105, bearing block 102, guide sleeve 107, and nutted rod 105, which is mounted in rack 4, corresponds to 12 position of tail sprocket axis Place, 12 both ends of tail sprocket axis are movably arranged in rack by bearing block, and rectangular sliding block 101, machine are equipped on bearing block Slide position is corresponded on frame, sliding rail 104 with sliding block cooperation sliding is installed, ensure that the bearing block with square slider can only be It is moved on conveying direction;Guide sleeve is mounted on the rack at corresponding nutted rod position, and 105 one end of nutted rod and bearing block 102 are fixed Connection, the nutted rod other end is through guide sleeve and is set with adjusting nut 103, corresponds in guide sleeve and is embedded on the inside of adjusting nut 103 Disc spring group 106, the rigidity of disc spring group play the role of lockking nut, and the elasticity of disc spring, which plays, eliminates shock loading to equipment operation Influence;Tail portion tension device ensure that tail sprocket axis is fixed on suitable distance using the rigidity of disc spring group, utilize dish The elasticity of spring group is impacted to buffer big load bring;When work, the adjusting nut of disc spring one end is adjusted, adjusting nut, which drives, to be drawn Bar movement;Bearing block starts to move along sliding rail under the pulling force effect of nutted rod, and tail sprocket axis is gradually tightened up, and reaches When predetermined position, stop rotating adjusting nut, and adjusting nut is tightly being locked in predetermined position under the elastic force of disc spring group.
Finally, it should be noted that the above descriptions are merely preferred embodiments of the present invention, it is not limited to this Utility model, although the utility model is described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, for those skilled in the art For, it is still possible to modify the technical solutions described in the foregoing embodiments, or to part of technical characteristic It is equivalently replaced, within the spirit and principle of the utility model, any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement and so on, It should be included within the scope of protection of this utility model.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of household garbage loading device, including rack, it is provided with feeding unit in rack, frame upper end side corresponds to conveying Mechanism position directly above is provided with feed hopper, corresponds in rack and is provided with discharge bucket at feeding unit conveying terminal position, special Sign is: the feeding unit includes cyclic annular conveyor belt, shield flitch, annular drive chain, connector, drive sprocket axle, tail Portion's sprocket shaft, the ring-type conveyor belt are arranged on the rack, the upper conveyor surface two of corresponding ring-type conveyor belt in the rack Side position is provided with shield flitch, and the annular drive chain is separately positioned on cyclic annular conveyor belt two sides, the ring-type conveying It is moved synchronously between belt and annular drive chain by connector connection, the drive sprocket axle, tail sprocket axis are set respectively It sets and is corresponded at annular drive chain end positions on the rack, correspond to annular drive chain on drive sprocket axle, tail sprocket axis Position is set with drive sprocket, drive sprocket and annular drive chain engaged transmission, and drive sprocket axle one end is connected with driving Motor.
2. a kind of household garbage loading device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the ring-type conveyor belt deviates from Discharge bucket one end is provided with tail portion strainer, and tail portion strainer includes nutted rod, bearing block, guide sleeve, and the nutted rod is set It sets and is corresponded at tail sprocket shaft position on the rack, tail sprocket axis both ends are movably arranged in rack by bearing block, It is provided with sliding block on the bearing block, slide position is corresponded in the rack and is provided with the sliding rail slided with sliding block cooperation, it is described Guide sleeve is arranged on the rack at corresponding nutted rod position, and nutted rod one end is fixedly connected with the bearing seat, and the nutted rod other end runs through Guide sleeve is simultaneously set with adjusting nut, is corresponded on the inside of adjusting nut in the guide sleeve embedded with disc spring group.
3. a kind of household garbage loading device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the connector includes that belt is held Carrier beam, connecting plate, belt load bearing beam upper surface both ends are fixedly connected with cyclic annular conveyor belt, belt load bearing beam by connecting plate Lower end surface is fixedly connected with annular drive chain.
4. a kind of household garbage loading device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the shield flitch bottom is close to defeated Send the L-type stock guide that inside bending is provided at belt position.
5. a kind of household garbage loading device according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: the shield flitch and cyclic annular conveying Rubber seal skin is additionally provided between the upper conveyor surface of belt, rubber seal skin upper end is fixed on the rack, rubber seal Subcutaneous end activity is bonded the upper conveyor surface setting of cyclic annular conveyor belt.
6. a kind of household garbage loading device according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: the lateral wall of the shield flitch is set It is equipped with mounting plate, between shield flitch and mounting plate at position, the mounting plate lower part is provided with for the rubber seal skin setting Outside bending part, bending part is for bending rubber seal skin.
7. a kind of household garbage loading device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: corresponding cyclic annular drive in the rack Dynamic chain position is provided with I-shaped guide rail, and the annular drive chain support is arranged on guide rail.
CN201920048441.7U 2019-01-11 2019-01-11 A kind of household garbage loading device Active CN209651187U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920048441.7U CN209651187U (en) 2019-01-11 2019-01-11 A kind of household garbage loading device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920048441.7U CN209651187U (en) 2019-01-11 2019-01-11 A kind of household garbage loading device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN209651187U true CN209651187U (en) 2019-11-19

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201920048441.7U Active CN209651187U (en) 2019-01-11 2019-01-11 A kind of household garbage loading device

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111744939A (en) * 2020-07-12 2020-10-09 孙伟 Energy-concerving and environment-protective type hydraulic pressure rubbish system of squeezing
CN113598076A (en) * 2021-07-29 2021-11-05 北京国科诚泰农牧设备有限公司 Chain belt formula feeding system

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111744939A (en) * 2020-07-12 2020-10-09 孙伟 Energy-concerving and environment-protective type hydraulic pressure rubbish system of squeezing
CN113598076A (en) * 2021-07-29 2021-11-05 北京国科诚泰农牧设备有限公司 Chain belt formula feeding system

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