CN209609136U - Desert seeder - Google Patents

Desert seeder Download PDF

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CN209609136U
CN209609136U CN201920129861.8U CN201920129861U CN209609136U CN 209609136 U CN209609136 U CN 209609136U CN 201920129861 U CN201920129861 U CN 201920129861U CN 209609136 U CN209609136 U CN 209609136U
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seeder
desert
water
sowing
rack
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敖伟
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Abstract

The utility model embodiment is related to equipment technical field of ploughing, and discloses a kind of desert seeder, is sequentially arranged in rake mechanism and sowing mechanism in rack including rack, water supply mechanism and direction of travel along desert seeder;Mechanism of raking includes the shank set gradually along the direction of travel of desert seeder and multiple water jets for being connected to water supply mechanism, and the spout of water jet is towards shank, so that sowing mechanism is sowed on the soil after smooth.The desert seeder is particularly suitable for desertificated area, can both have been leveled land using multiple water jets, can also break up silt agglomeration, provide smooth, free from admixture soil for germination.In addition, spraying water by water jet, soil has also been moistened, it is ensured that moisture needed for germination, improve seed survives probability.The desert seeder can be completed disposably to loosen the soil, clean, levels land, spraying water, sow, and time and the cost of desertification treatment is greatly saved.

Description

Desert seeder
Technical field
The utility model embodiment is related to plough equipment technical field more particularly to a kind of desert seeder.
Background technique
Desertification control refers to for generation in arid, semiarid zone and some Semi-humid areas, the wet ground in south The control measures of the land deterioration in area, Qinghai-xizang Plateau Region.The method to prevent and control desertification at present is mainly that mechanical sand barrier fixes the sand skill Art is placed obstacles object on Shamian Island using the materials such as grass, branch, cobble, direction, speed and the knot of Sand Movement is controlled with this Structure plays the role of wind prevention and sand resistance.But this method is manually completed entirely, construction efficiency is low, at high cost.
Currently, existing conventional seed planting machine is suitable only for smooth fertile arable land, for desertification treatment not yet at The seeding machinery of type, and conventional seeder not can be used directly in sand ground, mainly due to desertificated area serious water shortage, plant The survival rate of seed is low, and slow growth cannot achieve Desert Oasis.In addition, the sand dune height of desertificated area rises and falls, and by It corroding in throughout the year by storm, corrugated is presented in the surface on sand dune, and the depth of planting of vegetable seeds is irregular, tempest is encountered, The shallower vegetable seeds of some depths of planting is easily blown away by dust storm together, is caused to sow plot formation vacancy, be influenced whole Preventing and fixing sand effect, it is subsequent also to need artificially to reseed.More serious person, the entire seed for sowing plot are blown away, desertificated area It is returned to as former state, administers the diffusion velocity that speed does not catch up with desertification.
Utility model content
The utility model embodiment provides a kind of desert seeder easy to operate, sowing is high-efficient, existing to solve Soil out-of-flatness, be not easy the problem sowed, plant germination survival rate is low.
The utility model embodiment provides a kind of desert seeder, including rack, water supply mechanism and along desert seeder Direction of travel be sequentially arranged in rake mechanism and sowing mechanism in the rack;The mechanism of raking includes broadcasting along the desert The shank and multiple water jets for being connected to the water supply mechanism that the direction of travel of kind machine is set gradually, the spray of the water jet Mouth is towards the shank, so that the sowing mechanism is sowed on the soil after smooth.
Wherein, the sowing mechanism includes plants case and the trench digging that sets gradually of direction of travel along the desert seeder Device and seeder;The first end of the seeder is connected to the water supply mechanism, and the second end of the seeder is connected to described Plants case, the kind ditch that the third end of the seeder is opened up towards the plough.
Wherein, it is also rotatably connected to land wheel in the rack, is equipped with sowing shaft, the shaft of the sowing shaft in the plants case It is sequentially connected in the land wheel, the second end for going out kind of mouth and being connected to the seeder of the sowing shaft.
Wherein, the sowing mechanism further includes spring, and one end of the spring is connected to the third end of the seeder, institute The other end for stating spring is connected to the rack.
Wherein, fertilizing mechanism, direction of travel of the fertilizing mechanism along the desert seeder are additionally provided in the rack The rear of the sowing mechanism is set, and the fertilizing mechanism includes fiber grain fertilizer box and the row along the desert seeder The thick grafter and fertilizer applicator set gradually into direction;The first end of the fertilizer applicator is connected to the water supply mechanism, the fertilising The second end of device is connected to the fiber grain fertilizer box, and the third end of the fertilizer applicator is towards ground.
Wherein, the water supply mechanism includes water tank and water pump;The import of the water tank is for connecting outside for water system System, the first outlet of the water tank are connected to the import of the water pump, and the import of multiple water jets is all connected to described The outlet of water pump.
Wherein, it is additionally provided in the rack and applies water dispenser structure, the water dispenser structure of applying is located at rake mechanism and the sowing Between mechanism;It is described to apply the water sprinkler that water dispenser structure includes multiple smooth shovels and multiple second outlets for being connected to the water tank, The smooth shovel and the water sprinkler are set gradually along the direction of travel of the desert seeder, the watering mouth court of the water sprinkler To the ground.
It wherein, further include sprinkling irrigation mechanism, the sprinkling irrigation mechanism includes tee tube and spray gun, and the first end of the tee tube connects It is connected to the outlet of the water pump, the second end of the tee tube is connected to the spray gun, and the import of multiple water jets connects It is connected to the third end of the tee tube.
Wherein, gearbox and the hitch frame for connecting walking mechanism, the hitch frame edge are additionally provided in the rack The front of the mechanism of raking is arranged in the direction of travel of the desert seeder;The input terminal of the gearbox is connected to described Walking mechanism, the output end of the gearbox are connected to the water pump.
Wherein, casing mechanism is additionally provided in the rack, the casing mechanism includes the traveling along the desert seeder The back-filling trench that direction is successively set on the rear of the sowing mechanism strikes off rake and compacting roller.
Desert seeder provided by the embodiment of the utility model, including rack, water supply mechanism and along desert seeder What direction of travel was set gradually rake mechanism and sowing mechanism, mechanism of raking include shank and multiple are connected to water supply mechanism Water jet, shank can loosen soil, clear away impurity;The spout of water jet is towards shank, with the soil after smooth loosening; Sowing mechanism is for sowing vegetable seeds on the soil after smooth.The desert seeder is leveled land using multiple water jets, Soil after can not only being loosened with smooth shank, can also can use spray with the ripple of the sand ground of smooth desertificated area Jetting breaks up silt agglomeration, provides smooth, free from admixture sand ground for germination.In addition, sprayed water by water jet, it is also wet Soil, it is ensured that moisture needed for germination, improve seed survives probability.The desert seeder can be completed disposably It loosens the soil, clean, level land, spray water, sow, time and the cost of desertification treatment is greatly saved.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to illustrate the embodiment of the utility model or the technical proposal in the existing technology more clearly, below will be to embodiment Or attached drawing needed to be used in the description of the prior art is briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is Some embodiments of the utility model, for those of ordinary skill in the art, without creative efforts, It is also possible to obtain other drawings based on these drawings.
Fig. 1 is the isometric view of one of the utility model embodiment desert seeder;
Fig. 2 is the left view of one of the utility model embodiment desert seeder;
Fig. 3 is the top view of one of the utility model embodiment desert seeder;
Fig. 4 is the schematic illustration of the seeder in the utility model embodiment;
Fig. 5 is the schematic illustration of the fertilizer applicator in the utility model embodiment;
Description of symbols:
1: rack;11: first crossbeam;12: second cross beam;
13: third crossbeam;14: the four crossbeams;15: the five crossbeams;
16: the first stringers;17: the second stringers;18: third stringer;
19: land wheel;2: hitch frame;3: mechanism of raking;
31: shank;32: water jet;33: sparge pipe;
4: sowing mechanism;41: plants case;411: seed carrying case;
412: inorganic fertilizer carrying case;42: plough;43: seeder;
431: the first mixing tubes;432: seeding head;433: the first gravity lines;
434: the first springs;44: sowing shaft;45: the first chain conveyer parts;
5: fertilizing mechanism;51: fiber grain fertilizer box;52: thick grafter;
53: fertilizer applicator;531: the second mixing tubes;532: fertilizing head;
533: the second gravity lines;534: second spring;54: fertilization axle;
55: the second chain conveyer parts;6: casing mechanism;61: back-filling trench strikes off rake;
62: compacting roller;7: water supply mechanism;71: water tank;
72: water pump;73: gearbox;8: Shi Shuiji structure;
81: water sprinkler;82: smooth shovel;9: sprinkling irrigation mechanism;
91: spray gun.
Specific embodiment
It is practical new below in conjunction with this to keep the objectives, technical solutions, and advantages of the embodiments of the present invention clearer Attached drawing in type embodiment, the technical scheme in the utility model embodiment is clearly and completely described, it is clear that is retouched The embodiment stated is the utility model a part of the embodiment, instead of all the embodiments.Based on the implementation in the utility model Example, every other embodiment obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts belong to The range of the utility model protection.
In the description of the utility model embodiment, it should be noted that unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, term " first " " second " " third " " the 4th " " 5th " etc. is the number in order to clearly illustrate product component progress, is not represented any Essential distinction.Direction shown in attached drawing is subject in "upper" "lower" " left side " " right side ".For the ordinary skill in the art, Concrete meaning of the above-mentioned term in the utility model embodiment can be understood as the case may be.
It should be noted that unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, term " connection " shall be understood in a broad sense, for example, can It, can also be indirectly connected through an intermediary to be to be connected directly.It for the ordinary skill in the art, can be specific Situation understands concrete meaning of the above-mentioned term in utility model embodiment.
Fig. 1 is the isometric view of one of the utility model embodiment desert seeder, and Fig. 2 is the utility model reality The left view of one of example desert seeder is applied, Fig. 3 is the vertical view of one of the utility model embodiment desert seeder Figure, as shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, a kind of desert seeder provided by the embodiment of the utility model, including rack 1, water supply mechanism 7 with And rake mechanism 3 and sowing mechanism 4 in rack 1 are sequentially arranged in along the direction of travel of desert seeder.Famine in the present embodiment Unconcerned seeder is particularly suitable for realizing seeding operation on the sand ground of desertificated area, following mainly to be said by taking sand ground as an example Bright, but be not limited to that sand ground, which can also use on common arable land.
Specifically, as shown in figures 1 and 3, rack 1 be a frame structure, including the direction of travel along desert seeder according to Multiple crossbeams of secondary setting and the stringer for being connected to multiple crossbeams.Mechanism of raking 3 and sowing mechanism 4 are sequentially arranged at rack 1 Crossbeam on.
Mechanism of raking 3 includes the shank 31 set gradually from front to back along the direction of travel of desert seeder and connection In multiple water jets 32 of water supply mechanism 7, the spout of water jet 32 is towards shank 31, with smooth sand ground.Specifically, shank 31 can use straight-teeth harrow, and the front end of water jet 32 is arranged in.It can be incited somebody to action with the sand ground of subsoiling 30cm using shank 31 The agglomeration of large scale silt and plant roots and stems in sand ground are routed up, and the impurity in sand ground is cleared away.
Meanwhile multiple water jets 32 are distributed along the width direction of rack 1, the water jet 32 positioned at 31 rear of shank passes through Sparge pipe 33 is connected to water supply mechanism 7, and the water that water supply mechanism 7 provides is ejected to sandy land surface by spout.Spout and sand ground table The angle in face can be between 0 degree to 45 degree, not only can be by the sand ground after the whole loosening of level ejected, but also can use water Pressure breaks up the agglomeration of large scale silt.
Water supply mechanism 7 can be directly connected to external water system using water pipe, can also use water tank, can also use water Pump, as long as water source can be provided for water jet 32, herein with no restrictions.
Sowing mechanism 4 is used to sow seed on the sand ground after loose, removal of impurities, wet, smooth, to complete seeding operation.
A kind of desert seeder provided in this embodiment, including rack, water supply mechanism and traveling along desert seeder What direction was set gradually rake mechanism and sowing mechanism, mechanism of raking includes shank and multiple water sprays for being connected to water supply mechanism Device, shank can loosen soil, clear away impurity;The spout of water jet is towards shank, with the soil after smooth loosening;Sowing Mechanism is for sowing vegetable seeds on the soil after smooth.The desert seeder is leveled land using multiple water jets, not only Soil after being loosened with smooth shank, can also can use injection water with the ripple of the sand ground of smooth desertificated area Silt agglomeration is broken up, provides smooth, free from admixture sand ground for germination.In addition, spraying water by water jet, soil has also been moistened Ground, it is ensured that moisture needed for germination, improve seed survives probability.The desert seeder can disposably complete pine Soil cleans, levels land, spraying water, sowing, and time and the cost of desertification treatment is greatly saved.
Further, as shown in figures 1 and 3, water supply mechanism 7 includes water tank 71 and water pump 72.The import of water tank 71 For connecting external water system, the first outlet of water tank 71 is connected to the import of water pump 72, the import of multiple water jets 32 It is all connected to the outlet of water pump 72.Specifically, the import of water tank 71 is connected to outside for water system by high-intensitive rubber tube System.External water system can be clear water reserviors, or running water pipe.The first outlet of water tank 71 is located at water tank 71 Lower part.
In a specific embodiment, external water system uses organic manure receiver, and organic manure receiver is by sheep dung, cow dung The debirs such as the excrement and stalk powder, potato residue of equal livestocks are mixed with water, by fermentation and sterilization, disinfection dissolution shape At the irrigation water for being rich in nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and organic matter.Irrigation water is provided to the desert seeder using organic manure receiver, is become Waste be changed into values, has not only solved the problems, such as the processing of the pollutants such as cattle and sheep excrement and stalk, but also takes full advantage of the nutritional resource in waste, special Desertificated area that Shi Yongyu be not barren.
More specifically, water tank 71 is constantly coupled to external water system during the entire process of desert sows machine operation, The continuous seeding operation in a wide range of, big region thus may be implemented.
Water pump 72 is set to the head end of third stringer 18, and water pump 72 is gone out by first that a water pipe is connected to water tank 71 Mouthful, which is arranged in the inside of third stringer 18.
Further, as shown in Figures 2 to 4, sowing mechanism 4 includes plants case 41 and the direction of travel along desert seeder The plough 42 and seeder 43 set gradually from front to back.Specifically, the length direction along third crossbeam 13 is provided with multiple Plough 42 and with the one-to-one seeder 43 of multiple ploughs 42.
Plants case 41 is erected on the upper end of rack 1, and plants case 41 is for storing vegetable seeds to be sowed.Specifically, plants case 41 Including seed carrying case 411 and inorganic fertilizer carrying case 412, the bottom of seed carrying case 411 and inorganic fertilizer carrying case 412 It is connected, thus the inorganic chemical fertilizers such as nitrogenous fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer, potash fertilizer can also be applied together and be broadcast while sowing.
The front end of seeder 43 is arranged in plough 42, for opening up kind of a ditch.Specifically, plough 42 can be using shifting Dynamic formula acute angle plough, plough 42 are translatable with the direction of advance of desert seeder, are formed centainly using shovel tip position and ground Angle, to sand ground apply pressure trench digging.In addition, plough 42 can also be needed according to actual landform and operation using other The plough of type, such as disc-type furrow opener, herein with no restrictions.
As shown in figure 4, seeder 43 includes the first mixing tube 431 and seeding head 432.First mixing tube 431 includes two Input end, i.e. first end and second end;And one outlet end, i.e. third end.Wherein, the first end of the first mixing tube 431 connects It is connected to the outlet of the lower part of water tank 71, which directly can carry out threeway extension using the first outlet of water tank 71, It can be the outlet in addition opened up in the lower part of water tank 71.Thus, the water in water tank 71 can be inside water tank 71 Pressure head effect is lower to be flow in the first mixing tube 431 certainly.The second end of first mixing tube 431 is connected to plants case 41, in plants case 41 Seed can fall in the first mixing tube 431 and mix with artesian water.The third end of first mixing tube 431 is connected to seeding head 432, seeding head 432 can sow the mixed liquor of seed and artesian water into sand ground towards sand ground.
Specifically, the length direction along third crossbeam 13 is provided with first gravity line 433, and water tank 71 passes through pipeline It is connected to the first gravity line 433, while corresponding to each first mixing tube 431 on the first gravity line 433 and offering the first gravity flow Mouthful, first is connected to the first end of the first mixing tube 431 from head piece.It can be by water tank 71 by the first gravity line 433 of setting Water be uniformly distributed in each first mixing tube 431, guarantee sowing homogeneity.
Further, the first stringer 16 of rack 1 and the side wall of the second stringer 17 are rotatably connected to land wheel 19 respectively.
As shown in figure 4, being equipped with transmission connection in plants case 41 in the sowing shaft 44 of land wheel 19, kind of the mouth that goes out of sowing shaft 44 connects It is connected to the second end of the first mixing tube 431.The shaft of sowing shaft 44 is connected to the shaft of land wheel 19 by the first chain conveyer part 45, Rotated with the rotation of landing wheel 19, thus can control the seed in plants case 41 equably, a ground fall to first The second end of mixing tube 431.
Further, the third end of the first mixing tube 431 is connected to rack 1 by the first spring 434.Specifically, The central axis of the disc spring that one spring 434 is vertically arranged, the first spring 434 is fixed on the bottom end of rack 1, the first bullet by vertical bar The outer rim of spring 434 is connected to the third end of the first mixing tube 431.Wherein, the first mixing tube 431 is using with certain deformation energy The hose of power, seeding head 432 is using the metal tube with certain degree of hardness.In use, the seeding head 432 of hard can be deeply husky Ground is conducive to sowing;When sand ground height rises and falls, under the elastic force effect of the first spring 434, the first mixing tube 431 can occur Certain Bending Deformation, and then seeding head 432 is driven to move up and down, guarantee that seeding head 432 gos deep into sand ground predetermined depth always, makes Depth of planting is consistent always.Seeding head 432 can be made to change with landform height by the way that the first spring 434 is arranged, can also passed through The shape of the first spring 434 is adjusted to control depth of planting.
Further, fertilizing mechanism 5 is additionally provided in rack 1, fertilizing mechanism 5 includes fiber grain fertilizer box 51, thick grafter 52 With fertilizer applicator 53.Specifically, the length direction along the 4th crossbeam 14 be provided with multiple thick grafters 52 and with multiple thick grafters 52 One-to-one fertilizer applicator 53.
Fiber grain fertilizer box 51 is erected on the upper end of rack 1, and fiber grain fertilizer box 51 is fine for storing granular mixing Tie up organic fertilizer.Specifically, composite fibre organic fertilizer can be pressed into graininess, grain by stalk powder and potato agriculture residues Diameter is greater than the partial size of seed.
The front end of fertilizer applicator 53 is arranged in thick grafter 52, can be shoveled using tack, for smooth kind ditch after planting.
As shown in figure 5, the working principle of fertilizer applicator 53 is identical as the working principle of seeder 43.Fertilizer applicator 53 includes second Mixing tube 531 and fertilizing head 532.Second mixing tube 531 includes two input ends, i.e. first end and second end;And one go out Mouth end, i.e. third end.Wherein, the first end of the second mixing tube 531 is connected to the outlet of the lower part of water tank 71, thus water storage Water in case 71 can be flow in the second mixing tube 531 certainly under the effect of the pressure head inside water tank 71.Second mixing tube 531 Second end be connected to fiber grain fertilizer box 51, the granular composite fibre organic fertilizer in fiber grain fertilizer box 51 can fall It is mixed in the second mixing tube 531 with artesian water.The third end of second mixing tube 531 is connected to fertilizing head 532, fertilizing head 532 Towards sand ground, the mixed liquor of granular fertilizer and artesian water can be sowed into sand ground.
Specifically, the length direction along the 4th crossbeam 14 is provided with second gravity line 533, and water tank 71 passes through pipeline It is connected to the second gravity line 533, while corresponding to each second mixing tube 531 on the second gravity line 533 and offering the second gravity flow Mouthful, second is connected to the first end of the second mixing tube 531 from head piece.It can be by water tank 71 by the second gravity line 533 of setting Water be uniformly distributed in each second mixing tube 531, guarantee fertilising homogeneity.
Further, it is sequentially connected as shown in figure 5, being equipped in fiber grain fertilizer box 51 in the fertilization axle 54 of land wheel 19, The fertilizer outlet of fertilization axle 54 is connected to the second end of the second mixing tube 531.The shaft of fertilization axle 54 passes through the second chain conveyer part 55 It is connected to the shaft of land wheel 19, and is rotated with the rotation of landing wheel 19, thus can control in fiber grain fertilizer box 51 Granulated fertilizer equably, a ground fall to the second end of the second mixing tube 531.
Further, as shown in figure 5, the third end of the second mixing tube 531 is connected to rack by second spring 534 1.Specifically, the central axis of the disc spring that second spring 534 is vertically arranged, second spring 534 is fixed on rack 1 by vertical bar Bottom end, the outer rim of second spring 534 is connected to the second mixing tube 531.Wherein, the second mixing tube 531 is using with a setting The hose of change ability, fertilizing head 532 is using the metal tube with certain degree of hardness.In use, the fertilizing head 532 of hard can go deep into Sand ground is conducive to fertilising;When sand ground height rises and falls, under the elastic force effect of second spring 534, the second mixing tube 531 can be sent out Raw certain Bending Deformation, and then fertilizing head 532 is driven to move up and down, guarantee that fertilizing head 532 gos deep into sand ground predetermined depth always, Keep the depth of fertilising consistent always.Fertilizing head 532 can be made to change with landform height by the way that second spring 534 is arranged, it can be with Fertilization depth is controlled by adjusting the shape of second spring 534.
Further, as shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, it is additionally provided in rack 1 and applies water dispenser structure 8, Shi Shuiji structure 8 is located at mechanism 3 of raking Between sowing mechanism 4.Applying water dispenser structure 8 includes that multiple smooth shovels 82 and multiple second outlets for being connected to water tank 71 are spilt Hydrophone 81, the watering mouth of water sprinkler 81 is towards sand ground.Specifically, the length direction along second cross beam 12 is provided with multiple water sprinklers 81 and with the one-to-one smooth shovel 82 of multiple water sprinklers 81, smooth shovel 82 is arranged in the rears of water sprinkler 81, can use Tack shovel.
The second outlet of water tank 71 is arranged at the maximum level on the top of water tank 71.Water level in water tank 71 When greater than maximum level, the part water having more leads to water sprinkler 81 by pipeline, is then out to sand ground.When water tank 71 In water level be less than or equal to maximum level when, then water sprinkler 81 does not work.
It can be set on water tank 71 there are four outlet, first outlet is connected to water pump 72, for spraying water;Second outlet connects It is connected to water sprinkler 81, for spilling water extra in water tank 71 to sand ground;Third outlet is connected to the first gravity line 433, It is sowed for flowing automatically;4th outlet is connected to the second gravity line 533, for fertilising of flowing automatically.Wherein first outlet, third outlet and At the low liquid level for the lower part that 4th outlet is respectively positioned on water tank 71, second outlet is located at the high liquid level on the top of water tank 71.
It further, further include sprinkling irrigation mechanism 9, sprinkling irrigation mechanism 9 is including tee tube (not shown) and is set to water tank The spray gun 91 at 71 top.The first end of tee tube is connected to the outlet of water pump 72, and the second end of tee tube is connected to spray gun 91, The import of multiple water jets 32 is all connected to the third end of tee tube.The high pressure water that water pump 72 can be discharged by tee tube is same When be delivered to water jet 32 and spray gun 91.Specifically, the first regulating valve, spray gun 91 are provided between water jet 32 and tee tube It is provided with the second regulating valve between tee tube, by adjusting the aperture of the first regulating valve and the second regulating valve, can control spray The work water of hydrophone 32 and spray gun 91.The aperture of first regulating valve and the second regulating valve can be continuously adjustable in 0-100%.
Further, spray gun 91 along the horizontal plane in spray angle 0 degree to 180 degree be adjusted.
Further, gearbox 73 and the hitch frame 2 for connecting walking mechanism, 2 edge of hitch frame are additionally provided in rack 1 The front for mechanism 3 of raking is arranged in the direction of travel of desert seeder.The input terminal of gearbox 73 is connected to walking mechanism, speed change The output end of case 73 is connected to water pump 72.The power output shaft of walking mechanism transmits power after the raising speed of gearbox 73 Feed pump 72.
Specifically, one end of hitch frame 2 is connected to first crossbeam 11, and the other end of hitch frame 2 is used to connect walking mechanism, Thus desert seeder can be articulated in behind walking mechanism by hitch frame 2, be completed by the power traction of walking mechanism each Kind operation.Walking mechanism can be mechanical using agricultural transportings such as tractors.In addition, the junction of hitch frame 2 and walking mechanism can Adjusting both horizontally and vertically is carried out in a certain range of hitch frame 2, thus is adapted to different equipments and different work Requirement.Desert seeder is mounted in walking mechanism by setting hitch frame, stability is more preferable, the adaptation to state of ground Property it is stronger, but also large-scale, wide cut desert seeder can be undertaken, provide possibility to carry more set seeding systems.
Further, the end of rack 1 is additionally provided with casing mechanism 6, and casing mechanism 6 includes along the traveling side of desert seeder Rake 61 and compacting roller 62 are struck off to the back-filling trench set gradually.Back-filling trench strikes off rake 61 and is arranged on the 5th crossbeam 15, is used for By in sand covering to seed and fertilizer, back-filling trench, which strikes off rake 61, can use straight-teeth harrow.The compacting setting of roller 62 is scraped in back-filling trench The rear of flat rake 61, the sand compacting for that will cover.
Illustrate below with reference to a specific embodiment:
Desert seeder in the present embodiment includes rack 1 and is sequentially arranged in rack 1 along the length direction of rack 1 Hitch frame 2, mechanism of raking 3, Shi Shuiji structure 8, sowing mechanism 4, fertilizing mechanism 5 and casing mechanism 6.The specification of rack 1 is 10m × 8m (long × wide), rack 1 are set from head end to end altogether there are five crossbeam, and rack 1 sets that there are three stringers from right end to left end altogether.
Hitch frame 2 and mechanism 3 of raking are set on first crossbeam 11, and Shi Shuiji structure 8 is set on second cross beam 12, sowing mechanism 4 are set on third crossbeam 13, and fertilizing mechanism 5 is set on the 4th crossbeam 14, and casing mechanism 6 is set on the 5th crossbeam 15.First is vertical The outside of beam 16 and the second stringer 17 is rotatably connected to land wheel 19.The head end of third stringer 18, water tank is arranged in water pump 72 71 are arranged in the end of third stringer 18.
Mechanism of raking 3 includes ten water jets 32, and the import of each water jet 32 passes through sparge pipe 33 and is connected to water pump 72 outlet.Sowing mechanism 4 includes two plants cases 41, and fertilizing mechanism 5 includes two fiber grain fertilizer box 51, vertical set on third The left and right sides of beam 18.Water pump 72 is connected to tractor by gearbox 73, and the volume of water tank 71 is 2m3, and water tank 71 Rear portion by a diameter be 30cm high-strength rubber pipe be connected to external water system.
Desert seeder current year in the present embodiment starts building, and just bears interest for the year, operates a desert sowing by two people Machine estimation, achievable 300-600 mus of sandy bare land plantation in one day.If matched by present artificial technology, it is equivalent to manpower plantation speed 30-60 times of degree.If large area forms grassland, Grazing system can be changed for peasants and herdsmen, the cultivation of four seasons adjustable point is reduced multinomial Loss improves income, and implementing 1-3 can take effect benefit.The desert seeder fully utilizes sand ground, can be with landform in famine Forest, forage grass, grain are planted unconcernedly, manpower is saved in the governance process of entire desertification, and small investment saves the energy, fixes the sand Environmental protection is benefited the nation and the people, and by sandy bare land greening can be not easy to be blown away by strong wind in a short time.
It can be seen from the above embodiments that, desert seeder provided by the utility model, including rack, water supply mechanism with And direction of travel rake mechanism and the sowing mechanism that set gradually along desert seeder, mechanism of raking include shank and multiple It is connected to the water jet of water supply mechanism, shank can loosen soil, clear away impurity;The spout of water jet towards shank, with Soil after smooth loosening;Sowing mechanism is for sowing vegetable seeds on the soil after smooth.The desert seeder utilizes more A water jet is leveled land, the soil after can not only being loosened with smooth shank, can be with the sand ground of smooth desertificated area Ripple also can use injection water and break up silt agglomeration, provides smooth, free from admixture sand ground for germination.In addition, passing through Water jet water spray, has also moistened soil, it is ensured that moisture needed for germination, improve seed survives probability.The desert Seeder can be completed disposably to loosen the soil, clean, levels land, spraying water, sow, be greatly saved desertification treatment time and at This.
Finally, it should be noted that above embodiments are only to illustrate the technical solution of the utility model, rather than its limitations; Although the utility model is described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, those skilled in the art should understand that: It is still possible to modify the technical solutions described in the foregoing embodiments, or part of technical characteristic is carried out etc. With replacement;And these are modified or replaceed, various embodiments of the utility model technology that it does not separate the essence of the corresponding technical solution The spirit and scope of scheme.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of desert seeder, which is characterized in that including rack, water supply mechanism and along desert seeder direction of travel according to Secondary rake mechanism and sowing mechanism in the rack;The mechanism of raking includes along the traveling side of the desert seeder To the shank and multiple water jets for being connected to the water supply mechanism set gradually, the spout of the water jet is towards the pine Soil rake, so that the sowing mechanism is sowed on the soil after smooth.
2. desert seeder according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the sowing mechanism includes plants case and along described The plough and seeder that the direction of travel of desert seeder is set gradually;The first end of the seeder is connected to the water supply Mechanism, the second end of the seeder are connected to the plants case, what the third end of the seeder was opened up towards the plough Kind ditch.
3. desert seeder according to claim 2, which is characterized in that be also rotatably connected to land wheel, institute in the rack It states and is equipped with sowing shaft in plants case, the rotating shaft transmission of the sowing shaft is connected to the land wheel, and the sowing shaft goes out kind of a mouth connection In the second end of the seeder.
4. desert seeder according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the sowing mechanism further includes spring, the bullet One end of spring is connected to the third end of the seeder, and the other end of the spring is connected to the rack.
5. desert seeder according to claim 1, which is characterized in that fertilizing mechanism is additionally provided in the rack, it is described The rear of the sowing mechanism is arranged in along the direction of travel of the desert seeder for fertilizing mechanism, and the fertilizing mechanism includes fibre Dimension particle fertilizer box and the direction of travel thick grafter and fertilizer applicator that set gradually along the desert seeder;The fertilizer applicator First end is connected to the water supply mechanism, and the second end of the fertilizer applicator is connected to the fiber grain fertilizer box, the fertilizer applicator Third end towards ground.
6. desert seeder according to any one of claim 1 to 5, which is characterized in that the water supply mechanism includes storage Water tank and water pump;For connecting external water system, the first outlet of the water tank is connected to institute for the import of the water tank The import of water pump is stated, the import of multiple water jets is all connected to the outlet of the water pump.
7. desert seeder according to claim 6, which is characterized in that it is additionally provided in the rack and applies water dispenser structure, it is described It applies water dispenser structure and is located at described rake between mechanism and the sowing mechanism;The water dispenser structure of applying includes multiple smooth shovels and multiple companies It is connected to the water sprinkler of the second outlet of the water tank, the water sprinkler is arranged along the direction of travel of the desert seeder in institute State the front of smooth shovel, the watering mouth of the water sprinkler is towards ground.
8. desert seeder according to claim 6, which is characterized in that further include sprinkling irrigation mechanism, sprinkling irrigation mechanism packet Tee tube and spray gun are included, the first end of the tee tube is connected to the outlet of the water pump, the second end connection of the tee tube The third end of the tee tube is all connected in the import of the spray gun, multiple water jets.
9. desert seeder according to claim 6, which is characterized in that be additionally provided with gearbox in the rack and be used for The hitch frame of walking mechanism is connected, the mechanism of raking is arranged in along the direction of travel of the desert seeder in the hitch frame Front;The input terminal of the gearbox is connected to the walking mechanism, and the output end of the gearbox is connected to the water pump.
10. desert seeder according to claim 1, which is characterized in that casing mechanism is additionally provided in the rack, it is described Casing mechanism includes that the back-filling trench along the rear that the direction of travel of the desert seeder is successively set on the sowing mechanism is scraped Flat rake and compacting roller.
CN201920129861.8U 2019-01-24 2019-01-24 Desert seeder Active CN209609136U (en)

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CN201920129861.8U CN209609136U (en) 2019-01-24 2019-01-24 Desert seeder

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CN201920129861.8U CN209609136U (en) 2019-01-24 2019-01-24 Desert seeder

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112806120A (en) * 2021-02-22 2021-05-18 福州外语外贸学院 Hydraulic engineering is with planting soil control device in district

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112806120A (en) * 2021-02-22 2021-05-18 福州外语外贸学院 Hydraulic engineering is with planting soil control device in district

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