CN209605871U - A kind of automatic early-warning system of photovoltaic plant - Google Patents

A kind of automatic early-warning system of photovoltaic plant Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209605871U
CN209605871U CN201920558978.8U CN201920558978U CN209605871U CN 209605871 U CN209605871 U CN 209605871U CN 201920558978 U CN201920558978 U CN 201920558978U CN 209605871 U CN209605871 U CN 209605871U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
wireless communication
unit
sensor
photovoltaic
monitoring unit
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Active
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CN201920558978.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王方
祖世宏
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SHENYANG SHINE TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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SHENYANG SHINE TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies; Technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/7853
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y04INFORMATION OR COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES HAVING AN IMPACT ON OTHER TECHNOLOGY AREAS
    • Y04SSYSTEMS INTEGRATING TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO POWER NETWORK OPERATION, COMMUNICATION OR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR IMPROVING THE ELECTRICAL POWER GENERATION, TRANSMISSION, DISTRIBUTION, MANAGEMENT OR USAGE, i.e. SMART GRIDS
    • Y04S10/00Systems supporting electrical power generation, transmission or distribution
    • Y04S10/40Display of information, e.g. of data or controls
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y04INFORMATION OR COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES HAVING AN IMPACT ON OTHER TECHNOLOGY AREAS
    • Y04SSYSTEMS INTEGRATING TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO POWER NETWORK OPERATION, COMMUNICATION OR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR IMPROVING THE ELECTRICAL POWER GENERATION, TRANSMISSION, DISTRIBUTION, MANAGEMENT OR USAGE, i.e. SMART GRIDS
    • Y04S40/00Systems for electrical power generation, transmission, distribution or end-user application management characterised by the use of communication or information technologies, or communication or information technology specific aspects supporting them
    • Y04S40/12Systems for electrical power generation, transmission, distribution or end-user application management characterised by the use of communication or information technologies, or communication or information technology specific aspects supporting them characterised by data transport means between the monitoring, controlling or managing units and monitored, controlled or operated electrical equipment
    • Y04S40/126Systems for electrical power generation, transmission, distribution or end-user application management characterised by the use of communication or information technologies, or communication or information technology specific aspects supporting them characterised by data transport means between the monitoring, controlling or managing units and monitored, controlled or operated electrical equipment using wireless data transmission

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of automatic early-warning systems of photovoltaic plant, the system includes photovoltaic generating system monitoring unit (1), environmental monitoring unit (2), control unit (3), wireless communication unit (4) and monitor terminal (5), the information monitored is transmitted to control unit (3) by the photovoltaic generating system monitoring unit (1) and environmental monitoring unit (2) through wireless communication, and by information, unit (4) is transmitted to monitor terminal (5) by wireless communication after control unit (3) analysis processing.The automatic early-warning system of photovoltaic plant described in the utility model, electricity generation system and place environment can be monitored simultaneously, monitoring range is wide, environmental monitoring information is acquired using running gear, it can regulate and control according to demand, without monitoring blind area, real-time monitoring, automatic early-warning can be carried out to photovoltaic plant.

Description

A kind of automatic early-warning system of photovoltaic plant
Technical field
The utility model relates to photovoltaic plant security system technical fields, and in particular to a kind of photovoltaic plant automatic early-warning system System.
Background technique
A kind of strong attention of the solar energy as clean energy resource, by countries in the world.Photovoltaic plant is a kind of using the sun Luminous energy, the power generation system formed using electronic components such as special material crystal silicon plate, inverters, are connected and to power grid with power grid The photovoltaic generating system to transmit electric power.Photovoltaic plant can be divided into the stand alone generating system with battery and without battery and Net electricity generation system, solar power generation are divided into photo-thermal power generation and photovoltaic power generation.
Solar photovoltaic power plant is in outdoor more complicated environment, is affected by climate change larger, not only illumination, The conventional factors such as temperature, humidity, wind speed will affect its stable electric generation, and some unconventional factors such as mountain torrents, fire, people Its normal work is equally influenced for destruction, ageing equipment damage.
The mostly manually inspection of the photovoltaic plant of the prior art, not can be carried out real-time effective monitoring, can not timely and effectively arrange It is out of order and dangerous situation;Even if being provided with the photovoltaic plant of monitoring system, for the factor of monitoring also than relatively limited, security risk is larger, Generation problem can damage generating equipment, cause unnecessary loss.
Therefore, it is necessary to a kind of automatic early-warning system of photovoltaic plant is provided, it can be to the operating status of photovoltaic plant It is monitored effectively in real time, and automatic early-warning can be carried out to failure.
Utility model content
In order to overcome the above problem, present inventor has performed sharp studies, design a kind of automatic early-warning of photovoltaic plant System, the system pass through while photovoltaic generating system monitoring unit and environmental monitoring unit are arranged to the operation conditions of photovoltaic plant It is monitored, it being capable of Overall Acquisition fault message;Environment is monitored using running gear, avoids monitoring blind area;And it is System can carry out automatic early-warning to the fault message real-time monitored, alleviate the workload of inspection staff, can be rapid Accurately failure is handled, so as to complete the utility model.
Specifically, the purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of automatic early-warning systems of photovoltaic plant, wherein described System includes photovoltaic generating system monitoring unit 1, environmental monitoring unit 2, control unit 3, wireless communication unit 4 and monitor terminal 5,
The photovoltaic generating system monitoring unit 1 and environmental monitoring unit 2 by the information monitored by wireless communication Mode is transmitted to control unit 3, and by information, unit 4 is transmitted to monitoring eventually by wireless communication after 3 analysis of control unit processing End 5, wherein
The photovoltaic generating system monitoring unit 1 includes photovoltaic array 11, header box 12, DC detecting control cabinet 13, inverter 14, metering ammeter 15 and database server 16,
The environmental monitoring unit 2 includes temperature sensor 21, humidity sensor 22, irradiation instrument 23, anemometer 24, smog Sensor 25, infrared sensor 26 and video camera 27, are arranged on running gear 6, and the running gear 6 includes being arrived from above Under the support component 61, control cabinet 62 and the mobile base 63 that set gradually;
Described control unit 3 be include single-chip microcontroller 31, A/D converter 32, display screen 33 and alarm 34, the A/D turns Parallel operation 32, display screen 33 and alarm 34 are electrically connected with single-chip microcontroller 31.
Wherein, the output end of the photovoltaic array 11 is connect with the input terminal of header box 12, the header box 12 Output end connect with the input terminal of DC detecting control cabinet 13, the output end of the DC detecting control cabinet 13 and inverter 14 Connection, the output end of the inverter 14 are connect with metering ammeter 15, and the metering ammeter 15 passes through with database server 16 Wireless network connection.
Wherein, the temperature sensor 21 be AD590 sensor, the irradiation instrument 23 be TBS-YG5 full-automatic tracking too Positive radiation gauge.
Wherein, the support component 61 includes platform 611, cylinder 612 and solar energy tabula rasa 613,
The platform 611 is collar plate shape, and the cylinder 612 is cuboid, and horizontal direction section is square.
Wherein, the top surface of cylinder 612 is arranged in the platform 611, and the two is to be arranged concentrically,
The center of platform 611 is arranged in the anemometer 24 and video camera 27, and the temperature sensor 21, humidity pass Sensor 22, irradiation instrument 23, smoke sensor device 25 and infrared sensor 26 are uniformly arranged on the position that platform 611 leans on proximal edge.
Wherein, the solar energy tabula rasa 613 has 4 pieces, and four sides of cylinder 612 are arranged in by bracket,
The bottom end of the solar energy tabula rasa 613 is connect by level board 614 with cylinder 612.
Wherein, microprocessor 621, memory 622 and wireless communication device 623 are provided in the control cabinet 62,
Wherein, the microprocessor 621 is electrically connected with memory 622 and wireless communication device 623 respectively;
The microprocessor 621 is STC15W4K56S4 cake core or STM32F103C8T6 cake core;
The memory is caching or high-speed random access memory.
Wherein, battery 624, the battery 624 and solar energy tabula rasa 613 are additionally provided in the control cabinet 62 It is electrically connected.
Wherein, the single-chip microcontroller 31 is AT89C51 single-chip microcontroller.
Wherein, the wireless communication unit 4 be GPRS wireless communication module and Beidou generation satellite communication module,
The GPRS wireless communication module uses GR47.
Beneficial effect possessed by the utility model includes:
(1) the automatic early-warning system of photovoltaic plant described in the utility model, can be simultaneously to electricity generation system and place ring Border is monitored, and monitoring range is wide, and the data of acquisition are comprehensive;
(2) the automatic early-warning system of photovoltaic plant described in the utility model, using running gear acquisition environmental monitoring letter Breath, can regulate and control, no monitoring blind area according to demand;
(3) the automatic early-warning system of photovoltaic plant described in the utility model, can to photovoltaic plant carry out real-time monitoring, Automatic early-warning, saves a large amount of inspection manpowers, and monitoring dynamics is larger;
(4) the automatic early-warning system of photovoltaic plant described in the utility model, it is timely to data using cordless communication network Transmission, information update is rapid, and transmitting is accurate, can debug in time and dangerous situation, reduction are lost.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 shows a kind of structure chart of the automatic early-warning system of the photovoltaic plant of preferred embodiment of the utility model;
Fig. 2 shows a kind of structural schematic diagrams of the photovoltaic generating system monitoring unit of preferred embodiment of the utility model;
Fig. 3 shows a kind of photovoltaic generating system monitoring unit of preferred embodiment of the utility model, environmental monitoring unit With the detailed structure schematic diagram of control unit;
Fig. 4 shows a kind of the schematic diagram of the section structure of the running gear of preferred embodiment of the utility model;
Fig. 5 shows a kind of support component schematic top plan view of the running gear of preferred embodiment of the utility model.
Drawing reference numeral explanation:
1- photovoltaic generating system monitoring unit;
11- photovoltaic array;
12- header box;
13- DC detecting control cabinet;
14- inverter;
15- metering ammeter;
16- database server;
2- environmental monitoring unit;
21- temperature sensor;
22- humidity sensor;
23- irradiation instrument;
24- anemometer;
25- smoke sensor device;
26- infrared sensor;
27- video camera;
3- control unit;
31- single-chip microcontroller;
32-A/D converter;
33- display screen;
34- alarm;
35- keyboard;
4- wireless communication unit;
5- monitor terminal;
6- running gear;
61- support component;
611- platform;
612- cylinder;
613- solar energy tabula rasa;
614- level board;
62- control cabinet;
621- microprocessor;
622- memory;
623- wireless communication device;
624- battery;
63- mobile base;
The first driving motor of 631-;
The second driving motor of 632-;
633- driving gear;
The first driving wheel of 634-;
The second driving wheel of 635-.
Specific embodiment
The utility model is further described below by drawings and embodiments.Illustrated by these, this is practical Novel feature and advantage will become more apparent from clear.Wherein, although the various aspects of embodiment are shown in the attached drawings, But unless otherwise indicated, it is not necessary to attached drawing drawn to scale.
The utility model provides a kind of automatic early-warning system of photovoltaic plant, and as shown in Fig. 1, the system comprises light Photovoltaic generating system monitoring unit 1, environmental monitoring unit 2, control unit 3, wireless communication unit 4 and monitor terminal 5,
Wherein, the system prison that the photovoltaic generating system monitoring unit 1 and environmental monitoring unit 2 are used to monitor respectively Measured data and environmental monitoring data are transmitted to control unit 3, and described control unit 3 by monitoring data for storing and passing through nothing Line communication unit 4 is transmitted to monitor terminal 5, and the monitor terminal 5 is for analyzing the data of transmission.
According to a kind of preferred embodiment of the utility model, as shown in Fig. 2, the photovoltaic generating system monitoring unit 1 It is taken including photovoltaic array 11, header box 12, DC detecting control cabinet 13, inverter 14, metering ammeter 15 and database Business device 16,
Wherein, the photovoltaic array 11 and header box 12 all have multiple, and the quantity of the two is identical, corresponding to connect It connects.
In further preferred embodiment, the input of the output end and header box 12 of the photovoltaic array 11 End connection, the output end of the header box 12 are connect with the input terminal of DC detecting control cabinet 13, the DC detecting control cabinet 13 output end is connect with inverter 14, and the output end of the inverter 14 is connect with metering ammeter 15, the metering ammeter 15 Pass through wireless network connection with database server 16,
Wherein, the database server 16 is connected with control unit 3, to transmit the monitoring data of photovoltaic generating system.
Wherein, the luminous energy of acquisition is converted to AC energy by inverter by the photovoltaic array, passes through metering Data are wirelessly transmitted to database server after ammeter metering.
In the present invention, the photovoltaic array, header box, DC detecting control cabinet, inverter are existing Common device in technology, is not specially limited.
In embodiment still more preferably, the metering ammeter 15 is bidirectional measuring ammeter, to measure use simultaneously Electricity and generated energy.
Wherein, the bidirectional measuring ammeter can use bidirectional measuring ammeter commonly used in the prior art, such as China nation pd194 Bidirectional measuring multifunctional electric energy meter, ACR series of panel formula installation bidirectional measuring table (80 types or 96 types).
According to a kind of preferred embodiment of the utility model, as shown in figure 3, the environmental monitoring unit 2 includes temperature Sensor 21, humidity sensor 22, irradiation instrument 23, anemometer 24, smoke sensor device 25, infrared sensor 26 and video camera 27,
Wherein, the temperature sensor 21, humidity sensor 22, irradiation instrument 23, anemometer 24, smoke sensor device 25, red Outer sensor 26 and video camera 27 are arranged on running gear 6.
Preferably, the temperature sensor 21 is AD590 sensor, and the humidity sensor 22 is HM1500 humidity sensor Device, the irradiation instrument 23 are TBS-YG5 automatic tracking sun radiation gauge,
The anemometer 24 is hot-bulb formula anemobiagraph, such as the VT115 heat bulb of KIMO,
The smoke sensor device 25 is gas-sensitive smog sensor, such as MQ-2 smoke sensor device,
The infrared sensor 26 is pyroelectric infrared sensor HL500B.
In the present invention, the temperature sensor 21 and humidity sensor 22 are used to detect the temperature and humidity of photovoltaic apparatus Situation, to judge its influence to photovoltaic efficiency;The irradiation instrument 23 and anemometer 24 are for detecting influence power generation index Light intensity and wind speed;The smoke sensor device 25 for detecting whether photovoltaic plant occurs fire behavior, use by the infrared sensor 26 Whether there is illegal invasion in monitoring power station.The information of monitoring is sent to control unit 3 and stored by the sensor.
In further preferred embodiment, as shown in figure 4, the running gear 6 includes setting gradually from top to bottom Support component 61, control cabinet 62 and mobile base 63.
According to a kind of preferred embodiment of the utility model, the support component 61 includes platform 611,612 and of cylinder Solar energy tabula rasa 613,
The platform 611 is collar plate shape, and the cylinder 612 is cuboid, and horizontal direction section is square.
In further preferred embodiment, as shown in figure 5, the platform 611 is arranged in the top surface of cylinder 612, two Person is to be arranged concentrically,
The center of platform 611 is arranged in the anemometer 24 and video camera 27, and the temperature sensor 21, humidity pass Sensor 22, irradiation instrument 23, smoke sensor device 25 and infrared sensor 26 are uniformly arranged on the position that platform 611 leans on proximal edge.
In embodiment still more preferably, the lens direction of the video camera 27 is back to anemometer.
Wherein, the video camera 27 is electrically connected with control cabinet 62, can pass the live video image information monitored Control unit 3 is sent to be stored.
According to a kind of preferred embodiment of the utility model, the solar energy tabula rasa 613 has 4 pieces, is set up by branch It sets in four sides of cylinder 612,
The bottom end of the solar energy tabula rasa 613 is connect by level board 614 with cylinder 612.
Wherein, the solar energy tabula rasa 613 is used to utilize solar power generation, and electric energy is sent in control cabinet and is stored, To supply electric energy needed for running gear.
In further preferred embodiment, the folder of the solar energy tabula rasa 613 and the horizontal direction of level board 614 Angle is 30~60 °, preferably 45 °.
In the present invention, 30 are set by the angle of solar energy tabula rasa 613 and the horizontal direction of level board 614~ 60 °, preferably 45 ° are conducive to absorb solar energy to greatest extent.
According to a kind of preferred embodiment of the utility model, it is provided with microprocessor 621 in the control cabinet 62, deposits Reservoir 622 and wireless communication device 623,
Wherein, the microprocessor 621 is electrically connected with memory 622 and wireless communication device 623 respectively.
In the present invention, the microprocessor is used to receive the signal that multiple sensors are sent, and stores after processing Into memory, wireless communication device is then controlled by information is stored and is transmitted to control unit 3.
In further preferred embodiment, the microprocessor 621 be STC15W4K56S4 cake core or STM32F103C8T6 cake core;
The memory 622 is caching or high-speed random access memory.
Wherein, the memory is preferably double data rate Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory.
Preferably, also device is connect the microprocessor 621 with monitor terminal 5 by wireless communication.
In embodiment still more preferably, the wireless communication device 623 is GPRS wireless communication module, excellent Choosing uses GR47.
Wherein, the GR47 can not only provide GSM voice, data-transformation facility, can also carry out GPRS data transmission, Its transmission mode includes short message, GPRS and tri- kinds of CSD.
According to a kind of preferred embodiment of the utility model, battery 624, institute are additionally provided in the control cabinet 62 It states battery 624 and solar energy tabula rasa 613 is electrically connected, the electric energy that solar energy tabula rasa issues is stored, and then be micro- Processor 621, memory 622 and wireless communication device 623 are powered.
According to a kind of preferred embodiment of the utility model, the first driving electricity is provided in the mobile base 63 Machine 631 and the second driving motor 632,
It is provided with driving gear 633 on 632 output end of first driving motor 631 and the second driving motor, It is rotated under the action of driving motor.
In further preferred embodiment, movable pulley, the movement are additionally provided in 63 bottom of mobile base There are four wheel tools, and two are driving wheel, and two are driven wheel, wherein
Described two driving wheels are the first driving wheel 634 and the second driving wheel 635, in the first driving wheel 634 and the second master One end of driving wheel 635 is provided with driven gear, respectively and on 632 output end of the first driving motor 631 and the second driving motor Driving gear engage connection so that two driving wheels rotate under the drive of driving motor, to control running gear movement.
In embodiment still more preferably, first driving motor 631 and the second driving motor 632 are positive Invert motor.
Wherein, monitor terminal sends a command to the microprocessor in control, and microprocessor adjusts the first driving motor and the Two driving motors rotation, to realize the movement of running gear.
In the present invention, the driving motor is preferably servo motor, such as SGMAV-01ANA-YR11 servo electricity Machine.
In the present invention, multiple signal monitoring original parts in the environment acquisition unit are arranged on running gear, It can be moved in effectively monitoring region as needed, data monitoring is accurate, and is avoided that monitoring blind area.
According in a kind of preferred embodiment of the utility model, described control unit 3 be include that single-chip microcontroller 31, A/D turn Parallel operation 32, display screen 33 and alarm 34, wherein
The A/D converter 32, display screen 33 and alarm 34 are electrically connected with single-chip microcontroller 31.
In further preferred embodiment, the single-chip microcontroller 31 is AT89C51 single-chip microcontroller, the A/D converter 32 For the double integration A/D converter of MAXIM,
The display screen 33 is LCD liquid crystal display screen, and the alarm 34 is diode, buzzer or combined aural and visual alarm.
Wherein, monitoring data are transmitted to single-chip microcontroller and carried out by the photovoltaic generating system monitoring unit and environmental monitoring unit Storage is analyzed, and correlated condition parameter is shown by display screen, abnormal state information automatic control warner after single-chip microcontroller is analyzed Alarm is carried out, to realize the automatic early-warning of photovoltaic plant.
In embodiment still more preferably, described control unit 3 further includes the keyboard being electrically connected with single-chip microcontroller 31 35, with input control signal.
According to a kind of preferred embodiment of the utility model, the wireless communication unit 4 is GPRS wireless communication module With Beidou generation satellite communication module, to ensure no communication blind district.
In further preferred embodiment, the GPRS wireless communication module uses GR47.
The utility model carries out wirelessly transmitting data using GR47, it can be ensured that the photovoltaic plant that control unit monitors Operating parameter and state can real-time transmission to monitor terminal 5, in order to concentrate analysis to regulate and control.
Wherein, the monitor terminal 5 can be computer or work station.
System described in the utility model can monitor the operating status of photovoltaic plant in real time, and can be to different Normal situation carries out automatic early-warning, is conducive to fast and accurately obtain fault condition, and promptly respond.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that term " on ", "lower", "inner", "outside", "front", "rear" etc. The orientation or positional relationship of instruction is to be merely for convenience of retouching based on the orientation or positional relationship under utility model works state State the utility model and simplify description, rather than the device or element of indication or suggestion meaning must have a particular orientation, with Specific orientation construction and operation, therefore should not be understood as limiting the present invention.In addition, term " first ", " second ", " third ", " the 4th " are used for descriptive purposes only and cannot be understood as indicating or suggesting relative importance.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, term " installation " " connected " " connection " should broadly understood, for example, it may be being fixedly connected, may be a detachable connection, or the connection of one Commonly;It can be mechanical connection, be also possible to be electrically connected;It can be and be directly connected to, can also be indirectly connected with by intermediary, It can be the connection inside two elements.For the ordinary skill in the art, above-mentioned art can be understood with concrete condition The concrete meaning of language in the present invention.
It combines preferred embodiment above the utility model is illustrated, but these embodiments are only models Example property, only play the role of illustrative.On this basis, a variety of replacements and improvement can be carried out to the utility model, these It each falls in the protection scope of the utility model.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of automatic early-warning system of photovoltaic plant, which is characterized in that the system comprises photovoltaic generating system monitoring unit (1), environmental monitoring unit (2), control unit (3), wireless communication unit (4) and monitor terminal (5),
The photovoltaic generating system monitoring unit (1) and environmental monitoring unit (2) by the information monitored by wireless communication Mode is transmitted to control unit (3), and by information, unit (4) is transmitted to by wireless communication after control unit (3) analysis processing Monitor terminal (5), wherein
The photovoltaic generating system monitoring unit (1) includes photovoltaic array (11), header box (12), DC detecting control Cabinet (13), inverter (14), metering ammeter (15) and database server (16),
The environmental monitoring unit (2) includes temperature sensor (21), humidity sensor (22), irradiation instrument (23), anemometer (24), smoke sensor device (25), infrared sensor (26) and video camera (27), are arranged on running gear (6), the row Walking apparatus (6) includes the support component (61) set gradually from top to bottom, control cabinet (62) and mobile base (63);
Described control unit (3) be include single-chip microcontroller (31), A/D converter (32), display screen (33) and alarm (34), it is described A/D converter (32), display screen (33) and alarm (34) are electrically connected with single-chip microcontroller (31).
2. system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the output end and confluence of the photovoltaic array (11) The input terminal of case (12) connects, and the output end of the header box (12) is connect with the input terminal of DC detecting control cabinet (13), institute The output end for stating DC detecting control cabinet (13) is connect with inverter (14), the output end and metering ammeter of the inverter (14) (15) it connects, the metering ammeter (15) and database server (16) pass through wireless network connection.
3. system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the temperature sensor (21) is AD590 sensor, described Irradiation instrument (23) is TBS-YG5 automatic tracking sun radiation gauge.
4. system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the support component (61) includes platform (611), cylinder (612) and solar energy tabula rasa (613),
The platform (611) is collar plate shape, and the cylinder (612) is cuboid, and horizontal direction section is square.
5. system according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the platform (611) is arranged in the top surface of cylinder (612), The two is to be arranged concentrically,
The anemometer (24) and video camera (27) setting are the temperature sensor (21), wet in the center of platform (611) It is close that degree sensor (22), irradiation instrument (23), smoke sensor device (25) and infrared sensor (26) are uniformly arranged on platform (611) The position at edge.
6. system according to claim 5, which is characterized in that the solar energy tabula rasa (613) has 4 pieces, passes through bracket It is arranged in four sides of cylinder (612),
The bottom end of the solar energy tabula rasa (613) is connect by level board (614) with cylinder (612).
7. system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that be provided with microprocessor in the control cabinet (62) (621), memory (622) and wireless communication device (623),
Wherein, the microprocessor (621) is electrically connected with memory (622) and wireless communication device (623) respectively;
The microprocessor (621) is STC15W4K56S4 cake core or STM32F103C8T6 cake core;
The memory is caching or high-speed random access memory.
8. system according to claim 7, which is characterized in that be additionally provided with battery in the control cabinet (62) (624), the battery (624) and solar energy tabula rasa (613) are electrically connected.
9. system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the single-chip microcontroller (31) is AT89C51 single-chip microcontroller.
10. system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the wireless communication unit (4) is GPRS radio communication mold Block and Beidou generation satellite communication module,
The GPRS wireless communication module uses GR47.
CN201920558978.8U 2019-04-23 2019-04-23 A kind of automatic early-warning system of photovoltaic plant Active CN209605871U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113110185A (en) * 2021-04-19 2021-07-13 深圳市车百路科技有限公司 Intelligent monitoring equipment system for new energy operation and maintenance management

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113110185A (en) * 2021-04-19 2021-07-13 深圳市车百路科技有限公司 Intelligent monitoring equipment system for new energy operation and maintenance management

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