CN209576951U - Adjustable device of pounding medicine in a mortar automatically - Google Patents

Adjustable device of pounding medicine in a mortar automatically Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209576951U
CN209576951U CN201821894027.XU CN201821894027U CN209576951U CN 209576951 U CN209576951 U CN 209576951U CN 201821894027 U CN201821894027 U CN 201821894027U CN 209576951 U CN209576951 U CN 209576951U
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China
Prior art keywords
mortar
medicine
hoistable platform
pounding medicine
medicinal cupping
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CN201821894027.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张冬冬
张宇杰
屠鑫杰
蔡维维
姬茵茵
姚坤
章枫斐
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Zhejiang Institute of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering Co Ltd
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Zhejiang Institute of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses the adjustable devices of pounding medicine in a mortar automatically of one kind.The adjustable device of pounding medicine in a mortar automatically includes workbench, motor, reduction gearbox, crank link mechanism, mechanism of pounding medicine in a mortar, medicinal cupping, hoistable platform mechanism.Motor, reduction gearbox are installed on workbench, the power intake of the shaft connection reduction gearbox of motor, the power output end of reduction gearbox connects one end of the crank link mechanism, and mechanism of pounding medicine in a mortar described in the opposite other end connection of crank link mechanism, the one end for mechanism of pounding medicine in a mortar is located inside medicinal cupping.Hoistable platform mechanism can drive reduction gearbox according to how much adjusting medicinal cupping height of medicinal cupping Chinese herbal medicine, motor, and the output end of reduction gearbox drives crank link mechanism, and crank link mechanism work drives medicine masher structure to pump, pounds medicine in a mortar to realize.The utility model structure is simple, practical and convenient, pounds medicine in a mortar more uniform, and relative to traditional device of pounding medicine in a mortar manually, the degree of automation is higher, pounds medicine in a mortar efficiency faster, time saving and energy saving.

Description

Adjustable device of pounding medicine in a mortar automatically
Technical field
The utility model relates to technical field of medical equipment.Specially a kind of adjustable device of pounding medicine in a mortar automatically.
Background technique
Hospital pharmacy is the comprehensive department for integrating management, technology, operation, service etc..Pharmacy will not only guarantee to mention Accurate, the up-to-standard drug of patient is supplied, and to guarantee that drug is efficiently used in patient safety, it is ensured that medical expense is more Economical rationality.The various drugs such as Western medicine, Chinese patent drug, herbal medicine are mainly sold in pharmacy, to facilitate people's drug purchase, in favor of People's health.
It is often interior in pharmacy to process some drugs, such as solid drugs are pulverized by the device that grinding is pounded medicine in a mortar, Solid drugs are placed in container, grinding is then carried out by grinding rod and realizes smashing to pieces for drug, existing device of pounding medicine in a mortar is deposited Smash to pieces be not thorough, the amount of labour is big, drug ramming pot position can not be adjusted according to amount of medicament in medicinal cupping, disadvantage complicated for operation, therefore Need to research and develop one kind smash to pieces it is thorough, pound medicine in a mortar automatically, be easy to operate, pot position it is adjustable, and be suitable for some medium-sized and small enterprises Efficiently pound medicine in a mortar device.
Utility model content
The technical problem to be solved by the present invention is to provide a kind of adjustable for the above-mentioned deficiency of the prior art Automatic device of pounding medicine in a mortar.
The utility model achieves the above object through the following technical schemes: adjustable device of pounding medicine in a mortar automatically, including work Platform, motor, reduction gearbox, crank link mechanism, mechanism of pounding medicine in a mortar, medicinal cupping, hoistable platform mechanism, in which: motor, reduction gearbox are installed on On workbench, the power intake of the shaft connection reduction gearbox of motor, the power output end of reduction gearbox connects the crank connecting link One end of mechanism is pounded medicine in a mortar mechanism described in the opposite other end connection of the crank link mechanism, and it is flat that medicinal cupping is set to the lifting In platform mechanism, described mechanism one end of pounding medicine in a mortar is located in medicinal cupping;
The mechanism of pounding medicine in a mortar includes pounding medicine in a mortar connecting rod, spring disk, tamping rod, spring, connecting rod of pounding medicine in a mortar one end with it is described Crank link mechanism is connected, and the opposite other end for connecting rod of pounding medicine in a mortar is connected by spring disk with tamping rod;Spring setting In tamping rod, the top of spring is in contact with connecting rod of pounding medicine in a mortar, and the bottom of spring is in contact with the inner bottom surface of tamping rod;
The hoistable platform mechanism includes lifting plane, hoistable platform clamping plate, hoistable platform fixed plate, medicinal cupping support frame, Screw rod, feed screw nut, stepper motor, lifting plane, hoistable platform clamping plate, hoistable platform fixed plate are successively parallel from top to bottom to pacify Dress, medicinal cupping support frame are vertically arranged at the opposite sides of lifting plane Yu hoistable platform clamping plate;It is flat that stepper motor is installed on lifting Between face and hoistable platform clamping plate, one end of screw rod is connected with the shaft of stepper motor, and the opposite other end of screw rod is successively worn Hoistable platform clamping plate, feed screw nut, hoistable platform fixed plate are crossed, and feed screw nut is fixed in hoistable platform fixed plate.
As the scheme that advanced optimizes of the utility model, the crank link mechanism includes crank, several pins, company Bar, the output end of one end connection reduction gearbox of crank, the opposite other end of crank connect connecting rod by pin, and connecting rod passes through pin Connecting rod is connected with pounding medicine in a mortar.
As the scheme that advanced optimizes of the utility model, the bottom of tamping rod is equipped with helicitic texture.
As the scheme that advanced optimizes of the utility model, workbench includes a placement surface, and the placement surface is located at work Make the outside of table foot.
Further, buckle structure is equipped on the placement surface, hoistable platform fixed plate is fixed on described by screw On placement surface.
As the scheme that advanced optimizes of the utility model, medicinal cupping is medicinal cupping made by transparent material.
As the scheme that advanced optimizes of the utility model, lifting plane, hoistable platform clamping plate, hoistable platform fixed plate are living It is dynamic to be installed on polished rod.
Further, lifting plane, hoistable platform clamping plate, hoistable platform fixed plate bottom surface quadrangle be mounted on linear axis It holds, polished rod passes through linear bearing.
As the scheme that advanced optimizes of the utility model, medicinal cupping support frame is equipped with tapered roller bearing, medicinal cupping rotation It is installed on tapered roller bearing.
Further, the outside of tapered roller bearing is equipped with decelerating motor, and the shaft of decelerating motor is connected with medicinal cupping.
The utility model has the beneficial effects that: the utility model provides a kind of adjustable device of pounding medicine in a mortar automatically, pass through Motor is set, and realization is pounded medicine in a mortar automatically;By the way that reduction gearbox is arranged, motor output speed is reduced, output end torque is increased;By smashing Spring is set in medicine bar, increases the scope of application of medicine masher, can be used in the amount of pounding medicine in a mortar hour, card is avoided when the amount of pounding medicine in a mortar is big Extremely;By the way that hoistable platform mechanism is arranged, the adjusting of medicinal cupping height and position when pounding medicine in a mortar is realized, keeps the grinding of drug more abundant. Compared with prior art, the utility model drug smash to pieces more thoroughly, the amount of labour it is small, it is easy to operate, without second to drug into Row is smashed to pieces, is reduced the time of pounding medicine in a mortar, is improved work efficiency, and the performance of drug effect, additional income are conducive to.With structure letter Single, automation, small in size, working service is convenient, pound medicine in a mortar more Quick uniform, time saving and energy saving advantage.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the adjustable device of pounding medicine in a mortar automatically of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the mechanism structural schematic diagram of pounding medicine in a mortar of the adjustable device of pounding medicine in a mortar automatically of the utility model.
Fig. 3 is the hoistable platform mechanism structural schematic diagram of the adjustable device of pounding medicine in a mortar automatically of the utility model.
Fig. 4 is the hoistable platform mechanism main view of the adjustable device of pounding medicine in a mortar automatically of the utility model.
1- workbench, 2- motor, 3- reduction gearbox, 4- crank, 5- pin, 6- connecting rod, 7- pound medicine in a mortar connecting rod, 8- spring circle Disk, 9- tamping rod, 10- medicinal cupping, 11- lifting plane, 12- hoistable platform clamping plate, 13- hoistable platform fixed plate, 14- polished rod, 15- Medicinal cupping support frame, 16- decelerating motor, 17- screw rod, 18- feed screw nut, 19- stepper motor, 20- linear bearing, the rolling of 21- circular cone Sub- bearing, 22- spring.
Specific embodiment
The application is described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawing, it is necessary to it is indicated herein to be, implement in detail below Mode is served only for that the application is further detailed, and should not be understood as the limitation to the application protection scope, the field Technical staff can make some nonessential modifications and adaptations to the application according to above-mentioned application content.
Embodiment 1
Adjustable such as Fig. 1 is pounded medicine in a mortar device automatically, including workbench 1, motor 2, reduction gearbox 3, crank link mechanism, is pounded medicine in a mortar Mechanism, medicinal cupping 10, hoistable platform mechanism.Motor 2, reduction gearbox 3 are installed on workbench 1, and the shaft of motor 2 connects reduction gearbox 3 Power intake, the power output end of reduction gearbox 3 connects one end of the crank link mechanism, the crank link mechanism It pounds medicine in a mortar mechanism described in opposite other end connection, medicinal cupping 10 is set on medicinal cupping fixed frame 11, and described mechanism one end of pounding medicine in a mortar is located at medicine In tank 10.The setting of reduction gearbox 3 increases the torque of the power output end for reducing the output speed of the output end, from And it realizes and more efficiently pounds medicine in a mortar.
Wherein, the crank link mechanism includes crank 4, pin 5, connecting rod 6, and the crank link mechanism is for driving institute It states mechanism of pounding medicine in a mortar and realizes up and down motion.The output end of one end connection reduction gearbox 3 of crank 4, the opposite other end of crank 4 pass through pin 5 connection connecting rod 6 of nail, connecting rod 6 are connected by pin 5 with the one end for connecting rod 7 of pounding medicine in a mortar.
The mechanism of pounding medicine in a mortar includes pound medicine in a mortar connecting rod 7, spring disk 8, tamping rod 9, spring 22.The phase of connecting rod of pounding medicine in a mortar 7 It is connected by spring disk 8 with tamping rod 9 to the other end.Spring 22 is set in tamping rod 9, the top of spring 22 with pound medicine in a mortar Connecting rod 7 is in contact, and the bottom of spring 22 is in contact with the inner bottom surface of tamping rod 9.As shown in Fig. 2, spring disk 8 will pound medicine in a mortar Connecting rod 7 is fastened on the inside of tamping rod 9, and is in contact with spring 22, effectively prevent pounding medicine in a mortar when pounding medicine in a mortar connecting rod 7 with smash The disengaging of medicine bar 9.Spring 22 can be such that the device of pounding medicine in a mortar also is able to use in the amount of pounding medicine in a mortar very little, and smash the device of pounding medicine in a mortar It avoids stuck situation to occur when dose is larger, alleviates the destruction to tamping rod 9, also increase the device of pounding medicine in a mortar uses model It encloses.
As shown in Figure 3, Figure 4, the hoistable platform mechanism includes lifting plane 11, hoistable platform clamping plate 12, hoistable platform Fixed plate 13, medicinal cupping support frame 15, screw rod 17, feed screw nut 18, stepper motor 19, lifting plane 11, hoistable platform clamping plate 12, The successively parallel installation from top to bottom of hoistable platform fixed plate 13, lifting plane 11, hoistable platform clamping plate 12, hoistable platform fixed plate 13 bottom surface quadrangle is mounted on linear bearing 20, and polished rod 14 passes through linear bearing 20, and being provided with for linear bearing 20 is conducive to rise Lifting of the platform mechanism upper-part on polished rod 14 is dropped.
Two pieces of medicinal cupping support frames 15 are vertically arranged at the opposite sides of lifting plane 11 Yu hoistable platform clamping plate 12 respectively, use In support medicinal cupping 10.Stepper motor 19 is installed between lifting plane 11 and hoistable platform clamping plate 12, and is fixed on hoistable platform On clamping plate 12.One end of screw rod 17 is connected with the shaft of stepper motor 19, and the opposite other end of screw rod 17 sequentially passes through lifting Platform clamping plate 12, feed screw nut 18, hoistable platform fixed plate 13, and feed screw nut 18 is fixed in hoistable platform fixed plate 13.
The device of pounding medicine in a mortar of the utility model, working principle are as follows: hoistable platform mechanism is adjusted to extreme lower position first, to medicinal cupping Drug is added in 10, stepper motor 19, which rotates forward, drives screw rod 17 to rotate, so that screw rod 17 is moved up relative to feed screw nut 18, So that lifting plane 11 is moved up with hoistable platform clamping plate 12, lifting is adjusted according to the dose situation for being actually added into herbal medicine Platform mechanism makes medicinal cupping 10 reach suitable height.Start motor 2 when medicinal cupping reaches suitable height, motor 2, which drives, to slow down Case 3, reduction gearbox 3 reduce the output speed of the power output end, increase the torque of the power output end, pass through reduction gearbox 3 Power output end drive crank 4 to rotate, so that the crank link mechanism be made to work, then pass through crank link mechanism work belt Dynamic mechanism of pounding medicine in a mortar pumps, to reach the effect of pounding medicine in a mortar.
After the herbal medicine in medicinal cupping 10 has been fully ground, crank 4 is turned to extreme higher position, while stepper motor by motor 2 19 reversions drive screw rod 17 to rotate, so that screw rod 17 is moved down relative to feed screw nut 18, so that the hoistable platform mechanism It is moved down into extreme lower position, medicinal cupping 10 is in extreme lower position at this time, and mechanism of pounding medicine in a mortar is in extreme higher position, and exists between the two Certain distance rotates forward decelerating motor 16 and medicinal cupping 10 is overturn, so that the drug after pounding medicine in a mortar is flowed out along medicinal cupping mouth.
Compared with prior art, the utility model drug smash to pieces more thoroughly, the amount of labour it is small, it is easy to operate, without second Drug is smashed to pieces, the time of pounding medicine in a mortar is reduced, is improved work efficiency, the performance of drug effect, additional income, tool are conducive to Have the advantages that high degree of automation, structure are simple, small in size, working service is convenient, more Quick uniform, time saving and energy saving of pounding medicine in a mortar.
Embodiment 2
As described in Example 1, difference only exists, and is equipped with helicitic texture in the bottom of tamping rod 9, the helicitic texture can Effectively increase the friction between tamping rod 9 and drug, makes to pound medicine in a mortar more sufficiently.And in order to preferably fix the hoistable platform Mechanism, is provided with a placement surface on the outside of the two neighboring feet of workbench 1, and the hoistable platform mechanism passes through described in screw On placement surface.
Embodiment 3
It is opaque due to medicinal cupping usually when pounding medicine in a mortar, it can not judge whether sufficiently to pound medicine in a mortar, therefore, medicinal cupping 10 can select The medicinal cupping made by transparent material enables staff to observe the state of drug in real time when pounding medicine in a mortar.
Embodiment 4
As described in Example 1, difference only exists, and workbench 1 includes a placement surface, and the placement surface is located at workbench 1 The outside of feet, hoistable platform fixed plate 13 are fixed on the placement surface by screw.
Embodiment 5
In order to more easily pour out medicine, tapered roller bearing 21, the rotation peace of medicinal cupping 10 are equipped on medicinal cupping support frame 15 Decelerating motor 16, the shaft of decelerating motor 16 are equipped with loaded on tapered roller bearing 21, and in the outside of tapered roller bearing 21 Be connected with medicinal cupping 10, decelerating motor 16 drive medicinal cupping 10 rotate, thus realize more easily fall medicine.
Embodiment described above is only that preferred embodiments of the present invention are described, not practical to this Novel conception and scope is defined.Without departing from the design concept of the present utility model, ordinary people in the field couple The all variations and modifications that the technical solution of the utility model is made, should fall within the protection scope of the present utility model, this reality With novel claimed technology contents, it is all described in the claims.

Claims (10)

1. the adjustable device of pounding medicine in a mortar automatically of one kind, including workbench (1), motor (2), reduction gearbox (3), crank link mechanism, smash Medicine mechanism, medicinal cupping (10), hoistable platform mechanism, it is characterised in that: motor (2), reduction gearbox (3) are installed on workbench (1), electricity The power output end of the power intake of shaft connection reduction gearbox (3) of machine (2), reduction gearbox (3) connects the crank connecting link machine One end of structure is pounded medicine in a mortar mechanism described in the opposite other end connection of the crank link mechanism, and medicinal cupping (10) is set to the lifting On platform mechanism, described mechanism one end of pounding medicine in a mortar is located in medicinal cupping (10);
The mechanism of pounding medicine in a mortar includes pound medicine in a mortar connecting rod (7), spring disk (8), tamping rod (9), spring (22), connecting rod of pounding medicine in a mortar (7) one end is connected with the crank link mechanism, and the opposite other end of connecting rod of pounding medicine in a mortar (7) passes through spring disk (8) and smashes Medicine bar (9) is connected;Spring (22) is set in tamping rod (9), and the top of spring (22) is in contact with connecting rod of pounding medicine in a mortar (7), The bottom of spring (22) is in contact with the inner bottom surface of tamping rod (9);
The hoistable platform mechanism includes lifting plane (11), hoistable platform clamping plate (12), hoistable platform fixed plate (13), medicinal cupping Support frame (15), screw rod (17), feed screw nut (18), stepper motor (19), lifting plane (11), hoistable platform clamping plate (12), Hoistable platform fixed plate (13) successively parallel installation from top to bottom, medicinal cupping support frame (15) be vertically arranged at lifting plane (11) with The opposite sides of hoistable platform clamping plate (12);Stepper motor (19) be installed on lifting plane (11) and hoistable platform clamping plate (12) it Between, one end of screw rod (17) is connected with the shaft of stepper motor (19), and the opposite other end of screw rod (17) sequentially passes through lifting Platform clamping plate (12), feed screw nut (18), hoistable platform fixed plate (13), and feed screw nut (18) are fixed on hoistable platform and are fixed On plate (13).
2. adjustable device of pounding medicine in a mortar automatically according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the crank link mechanism includes song Handle (4), several pins (5), connecting rod (6), the output end of one end connection reduction gearbox (3) of crank (4), crank (4) it is relatively another One end is connected by pin (5) with connecting rod of pounding medicine in a mortar (7) by pin (5) connection connecting rod (6), connecting rod (6).
3. adjustable device of pounding medicine in a mortar automatically according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the bottom of tamping rod (9) is equipped with spiral shell Line structure.
4. adjustable device of pounding medicine in a mortar automatically according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: workbench (1) includes a glove Face, the placement surface are located at the outside of workbench (1) feet.
5. adjustable device of pounding medicine in a mortar automatically according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: hoistable platform fixed plate (13) passes through Screw is fixed on the placement surface.
6. adjustable device of pounding medicine in a mortar automatically according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: medicinal cupping (10) is that transparent material is made At medicinal cupping.
7. adjustable device of pounding medicine in a mortar automatically according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: lifting plane (11), hoistable platform Clamping plate (12), hoistable platform fixed plate (13) are movably installed on polished rod (14).
8. adjustable device of pounding medicine in a mortar automatically according to claim 7, it is characterised in that: lifting plane (11), hoistable platform Clamping plate (12), hoistable platform fixed plate (13) bottom surface quadrangle be mounted on linear bearing (20), polished rod (14) pass through linear axis Hold (20).
9. adjustable device of pounding medicine in a mortar automatically according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: medicinal cupping support frame (15) is equipped with circle Taper roller bearing (21), medicinal cupping (10) are rotatablely installed on tapered roller bearing (21).
10. adjustable device of pounding medicine in a mortar automatically according to claim 9, it is characterised in that: outside tapered roller bearing (21) Side is equipped with decelerating motor (16), and the shaft of decelerating motor (16) is connected with medicinal cupping (10).
CN201821894027.XU 2018-11-17 2018-11-17 Adjustable device of pounding medicine in a mortar automatically Active CN209576951U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821894027.XU CN209576951U (en) 2018-11-17 2018-11-17 Adjustable device of pounding medicine in a mortar automatically

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821894027.XU CN209576951U (en) 2018-11-17 2018-11-17 Adjustable device of pounding medicine in a mortar automatically

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113102010A (en) * 2021-04-29 2021-07-13 张迎春 Traditional chinese medicine ware of pounding medicine in a mortar for internal medicine nursing

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113102010A (en) * 2021-04-29 2021-07-13 张迎春 Traditional chinese medicine ware of pounding medicine in a mortar for internal medicine nursing

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