CN209530445U - A kind of combined type multi-stage spray cleaner - Google Patents

A kind of combined type multi-stage spray cleaner Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209530445U
CN209530445U CN201920227061.XU CN201920227061U CN209530445U CN 209530445 U CN209530445 U CN 209530445U CN 201920227061 U CN201920227061 U CN 201920227061U CN 209530445 U CN209530445 U CN 209530445U
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China
Prior art keywords
combined type
type multi
composite dedusting
spray
composite
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201920227061.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈肖妹
宋卫海
孙居彦
李曰阳
李震
王长虎
郑业萌
王世辉
刘明明
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Shandong Agriculture and Engineering University
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Shandong Agriculture and Engineering University
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Priority to CN201920227061.XU priority Critical patent/CN209530445U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of combined type multi-stage spray cleaners, it solves the problems, such as that the collecting effect of fine dusts in the prior art is bad, whole efficiency of dust collection is lower, has the effect of can be realized multistage dedusting, high dust collection efficiency, water resource can reuse;Its technical solution are as follows: including composite dedusting room, centrifugal chamber, exhaust apparatus, composite dedusting chamber interior is alternately arranged several overdraught partitions and downstream partition in the horizontal direction, and composite dedusting chamber interior installs spray equipment;Inside centrifugal chamber along the vertical direction arranged for interval it is multiple inclination set angles baffles;Exhaust apparatus is used to provide negative pressure for composite dedusting room and centrifugal chamber, and negative pressure gas flow forms fair current, adverse current alternating action to realize that gas-liquid exchanges, to complete multistage dedusting with the shower water that spray equipment generates.

Description

A kind of combined type multi-stage spray cleaner
Technical field
The utility model relates to dust removal field more particularly to a kind of combined type multi-stage spray cleaners.
Background technique
The main function of deduster is to separate dust from dusty gas, clean gas flow is obtained, to reach net Change the purpose of air.
Deduster mainly has wet scrubber and dry collector two major classes, and wet dust removal adsorbs dusty gas using water In dust granules object, hazardous contaminant, have both dedusting and purification two large effect of air.Currently used wet dust removal master There are spray tower type dust remover, venturi scrubber, water dust scrubber;Common dry collector has: inertial dust separator, centrifugation Deduster, cyclone dust collectors, fiber bag precipitator, electric precipitator;It sprays tower type dust remover and passes through shower water and dusty gas Collision, big particulate matter is intercepted out, is taken in aqueous, and structure is simple, the pressure loss is small, low energy consumption, is suitable for collecting rule The biggish dust of lattice.
But through studying, inventor has found that existing spray tower type dust remover is all made of the mode of single-stage spray, ash-laden gas The contact probability of body and water mist is lower, and aqueous is easy to capture biggish dust particles, bad for the collecting effect of fine dusts, Whole efficiency of dust collection is lower.
Utility model content
A kind of in order to overcome the deficiencies of the prior art, the utility model provides combined type multi-stage spray cleaner, Has the effect of can be realized multistage dedusting, high dust collection efficiency, water resource can reuse.
The utility model adopts the following technical solutions:
A kind of combined type multi-stage spray cleaner, comprising:
Composite dedusting room, inside be alternately arranged several overdraught partitions and downstream partition in the horizontal direction, and it is compound Spray equipment is installed inside dirt pocket;
Centrifugal chamber, inside along the vertical direction arranged for interval it is multiple inclination set angles baffles;
Exhaust apparatus, for providing negative pressure, the spray that negative pressure gas flow and spray equipment generate for composite dedusting room and centrifugal chamber Water drenching forms fair current, adverse current alternating action to realize that gas-liquid exchanges, to complete multistage dedusting.
Further, the overdraught partition and composite dedusting ceiling portion fix, with composite dedusting room bottom there are gap, The downstream partition with composite dedusting room bottom is fixed, there are gaps with composite dedusting ceiling portion;
Wherein, overdraught partition is odd number, and downstream partition is even number.
Further, the two sides inner wall of the centrifugal chamber is respectively provided with baffle, and the angle of the baffle and vertical direction is big In 45 ° of acute angle.
Preferably, the angular range of the baffle and vertical direction is 60 °~90 °.
Further, expansion chamber is arranged in composite dedusting room bottom, and described expansion chamber one end is equipped with sewage draining exit, the other end Equipped with water outlet;
It is connected between the sewage draining exit and water outlet by the blowdown plate being obliquely installed.
Further, the tilt angle of the blowdown plate is less than 30 °.
Preferably, the angular range of the blowdown plate and horizontal direction is 15 °~25 °.
It further, further include circulator, the circulator connection expansion chamber and spray equipment;
The circulator includes water pump, and water pump passes through water pipe respectively and is connected with the water outlet of expansion chamber, spray equipment, and Flow control valve is arranged in water pipe between water pump and spray equipment.
Further, composite dedusting ceiling portion is connected to inlet air plenum.
Further, the spray equipment includes multiple spray heads for being installed on composite dedusting ceiling portion.
Further, the exhaust apparatus is centrifugal blower, and the centrifugal blower is installed in centrifugal chamber top outlet inlet.
A kind of dust removal method of combined type multi-stage spray cleaner are as follows:
After centrifugal blower starting, negative pressure is generated inside composite dedusting room and centrifugal chamber, dust-contained airflow is under pressure Enter composite dedusting room through inlet air plenum;
The spray head of spray equipment is open, and shower water is sufficiently combined with dusty gas, realizes to dust-contained airflow and actively sprays;Contain Dust and gas stream is by forming inertial dust collection effect when overdraught partition and downstream partition, dust-contained airflow is in spray and inertial dust collection two It is sufficiently cleaned up under the alternating compound action of kind mode;Air-flow with certain humidity goes successively to centrifugal chamber and completes dehumidifying removal of impurities, Clean gas flow is discharged via air outlet again later.
Compared with prior art, the utility model has the beneficial effects that
(1) the utility model is by being provided with the dirt pockets of multiple separators, and dust-contained airflow exists under centrifugal blower effect 1st, 3 ... grade spray phases and water mist form downflow type, form reverse-flow, ash-laden gas in the 2nd, 4 ... grade spray phases and water mist It flows and is greatly increased with the contact probability of water, dust granules object is taken out of by water, completes air cleaning;
(2) overdraught partition and downstream partition is arranged at composite dedusting chamber interior interval in the utility model, and air-flow passes through When the two lower space, inertial dust collection effect is generated, dust-contained airflow has further been purified;
(3) the utility model will be arranged to incline structure below expansion chamber, convenient for the blowdown of sediment, save manufacture material Material saves space;
(4) circulator is arranged in the utility model, will settle indoor water direct circulation and utilize, water storage is no longer additionally arranged Slot can be effectively reduced cost, the utilization rate saved space, promote water.
Detailed description of the invention
The accompanying drawings constituting a part of this application is used to provide further understanding of the present application, and the application's shows Meaning property embodiment and its explanation are not constituted an undue limitation on the present application for explaining the application.
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the utility model embodiment one;
Fig. 2 is the airflow direction schematic diagram of the utility model embodiment one;
Fig. 3 is the expansion chamber structural schematic diagram of the utility model embodiment one;
Fig. 4 is the centrifugal chamber schematic diagram of internal structure of the utility model embodiment one;
Wherein, 1. inlet air plenum;2. composite dedusting room;21. air inlet;22. spray head;23. overdraught partition;24. downstream Baffle;25. shell;
3. centrifugal chamber;31. baffle I;32. baffle II;
4. expansion chamber;41. sewage draining exit;42. blowdown plate;43. water outlet;5. centrifugal blower;51. air outlet;
6. circulator;61. water pump;62. water pipe;63. flow control valve;7. pedestal.
Specific embodiment
It is noted that following detailed description is all illustrative, it is intended to provide further instruction to the application.Unless another It indicates, all technical and scientific terms used herein has usual with the application person of an ordinary skill in the technical field The identical meanings of understanding.
It should be noted that term used herein above is merely to describe specific embodiment, and be not intended to restricted root According to the illustrative embodiments of the application.As used herein, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise, otherwise singular Also it is intended to include plural form, additionally, it should be understood that, when in the present specification using term "comprising" and/or " packet Include " when, indicate existing characteristics, step, operation, device, component and/or their combination.
In the present invention, term for example "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "front", "rear", "vertical", "horizontal", The orientation or positional relationship of the instructions such as " side ", "bottom" is to be based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, only to facilitate chatting The relative for stating each component of the utility model or component structure relationship and determination, not refer in particular in the utility model either component or Element should not be understood as limiting the present invention.
As background technique is introduced, the collecting effect for existing in the prior art fine dusts is bad, whole dedusting effect The lower deficiency of rate, in order to solve technical problem as above, present applicant proposes a kind of combined type multi-stage spray cleaners.
Embodiment one:
As Figure 1-Figure 4, a kind of combined type multi-stage spray cleaner, including inlet air plenum 1, composite dedusting room are provided 2, centrifugal chamber 3, expansion chamber 4, exhaust apparatus and circulator 6 are removed using gas-liquid exchange and effect of inertia dedusting, centrifugal action It is wet.
Composite dedusting room 2 includes shell 25, installs spray equipment, several overdraught partitions 23 and downstream inside shell 25 Baffle 24.
Overdraught partition 23, downstream baffle 24 are arranged along the vertical direction, and in 25 inside arranged for interval of shell.
It is fixed at the top of the overdraught partition 23 and shell 25, there are gap, the downstream partitions with 25 bottom of shell 24 with 25 bottom of shell fix, with shell 25 at the top of there are gaps.
Multiple regions will be separated into inside shell 25 by overdraught partition 23, downstream baffle 24, it is real in each region Gas-liquid exchange under now spray effect, realizes dedusting.
Wherein, overdraught partition 23 is odd number, and downstream partition 24 is even number, and afterbody overdraught partition 23 is made For the partition of composite dedusting room 2 and centrifugal chamber 5, composite dedusting room 2 is connected to the downside of centrifugal chamber 5.
It realizes that gas-liquid exchanges by suitable, the adverse current alternating action between negative pressure gas flow and shower water formation, completes dedusting;According to Pass through the change dramatically for forming flow direction between overdraught partition 23 and downstream partition 24 by air-flow, completes inertial dust collection effect.
It is reference with the direction Fig. 1, is followed successively by level-one spray phase, second level spray phase ... from left to right
Under the effect of centrifugal blower 5, dust-contained airflow is entered by the entrance of inlet air plenum 1, and air-flow is in the 1st, 3 ... grade spray phases Downflow type is formed with water mist, is formed in the 2nd, 4 ... grade spray phases and water mist reverse-flow;The contact probability of dust-contained airflow and water is big Big to increase, dust granules object is taken out of by water, completes air cleaning.
In some embodiments, the horizontal distance between adjacent overdraught partition 23 and downstream partition 24 be 150~ 250mm;Dust when gas flows through overdraught partition 23, downstream partition 24, due to the sudden change of air flow direction, in gas Particle drops under effect of inertia inside expansion chamber 4, realizes dedusting.
The spray equipment includes multiple spray heads 22, between overdraught partition 23 and shell 25, adjacent overdraught partition 23 Spray head 22 is respectively mounted between downstream partition 24, gas is directly contacted with shower water, and resistance is small, and energy loss is small.
The number of spray head 22 can select according to the actual situation.
In the present embodiment, due to containing certain moisture by the air-flow inside composite dedusting room 2, centrifugal chamber 5 is located at 2 right side of composite dedusting room, and it is higher than composite dedusting room 2.
Air outlet 51 is set at the top of centrifugal chamber 5, and exhaust apparatus is installed in air outlet 51.
Several baffles being obliquely installed are fixed with inside centrifugal chamber 5.
In some embodiments, baffle I31 is arranged in the side inner wall of the centrifugal chamber 5, and baffle is arranged in other side inner wall II32, and baffle I31, baffle II32 are alternately arranged in the vertical direction.
The angle of baffle I31, baffle II32 and vertical direction are greater than 45 ° of acute angle.
Preferably, the angular range of baffle I31, baffle II32 and vertical direction are 60 °~90 °.
In some embodiments, baffle I31 and baffle II32 is 350~450mm in the spacing of vertical direction.
25 top of shell of composite dedusting room 2 has inlet air plenum 1, inlet air plenum and composite dedusting room 2 far from 3 side of centrifugal chamber Communicating position be air inlet 21.
The exhaust apparatus is centrifugal blower 5.
Expansion chamber 4 is arranged in 2 bottom of composite dedusting room, and the bottom of expansion chamber 4 is the blowdown plate 42 being obliquely installed;According to Dedusting distributed effect, prime are greater than the characteristics of rear class removes dust quantity except dust quantity, 4 bottom of expansion chamber are arranged to incline structure;And incline Oblique blowdown plate 42 make expansion chamber 4 it is compact-sized, save raw material.
Preferably, blowdown plate 42 is tilted from corresponding to 3 one side of centrifugal chamber to 1 side of inlet air plenum is corresponded to, and it corresponds to The end of 1 side of inlet air plenum is sewage draining exit 41, and the end corresponding to 3 side of centrifugal chamber is water outlet 43;The cooperation of sewage draining exit 41 is inclined Oblique blowdown plate 42, convenient for the discharge and cleaning of sediment.
The tilt angle of the blowdown plate 42 is less than 30 °.
Preferably, according to the difference of impurity Deposition Characteristic, the angular range of the blowdown plate 42 and horizontal direction is 15 °~ 25°。
Sewage draining exit 41 is equipped with the openable door-plate with closure, the opening when needing to clear up sediment.
The coupling part of expansion chamber 4 and composite dedusting room 2 is open architecture.
Specifically, several crossbeams are arranged between expansion chamber 4 and composite dedusting room 2, crossbeam is used to support downstream baffle 24; Crossbeam is arranged along the view direction perpendicular to Fig. 1, and number is identical as downstream baffle 24;Expansion chamber 4 and composite dedusting room 2 it Between other positions connection.
Liquid is filled in expansion chamber 4, liquid level is higher than crossbeam installation site, can make dust-laden liquid whereabouts freely and gas Physical efficiency is it is anticipated that move towards flowing.
Waste liquid with dust falls directly into expansion chamber 4, and air-flow can complete primary spray (downflow type according to set path Contact)+an inertial dust collection, secondary spraying (reverse-flow contact)+secondary inertial dust collection.
The circulator connection expansion chamber 4 and spray equipment.
The circulator includes water pump 61, water pipe 62 and flow control valve 63, and water pump 61 by water pipe 62 and sinks respectively The pipeline of the water outlet 43, spray equipment that drop room 4 is connected, and flow control is arranged in the water pipe 62 between water pump 61 and spray equipment Valve 63.
61 bottom of water pump is supported by pedestal 7.
Water after sedimentation supplies spray equipment by the pump-absorb action of water pump 61 and utilizes again, saves water source.
Embodiment two:
A kind of dust removal method of combined type multi-stage spray cleaner is present embodiments provided, specifically:
After centrifugal blower 5 starts, negative pressure is generated inside composite dedusting room 2 and centrifugal chamber 3, dust-contained airflow is acted in pressure It is lower to enter composite dedusting room 2 through inlet air plenum 1.
The spray head 22 of spray equipment is open, and shower water is sufficiently combined with dusty gas, realizes to dust-contained airflow and actively sprays, Dust in air-flow is captured in water, to achieve the purpose that dedusting.
By forming inertial dust collection effect when overdraught partition 23 and downstream partition 24, dust-contained airflow is spraying dust-contained airflow It drenches sufficiently cleaned up under compound action with replacing for inertial dust collection two ways;Air-flow with certain humidity goes successively to centrifugal chamber 3 complete dehumidifying removal of impurities, and clean gas flow is discharged via air outlet 51 again later.
The foregoing is merely preferred embodiment of the present application, are not intended to limit this application, for the skill of this field For art personnel, various changes and changes are possible in this application.Within the spirit and principles of this application, made any to repair Change, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., should be included within the scope of protection of this application.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of combined type multi-stage spray cleaner characterized by comprising
Composite dedusting room, inside be alternately arranged several overdraught partitions and downstream partition, and composite dedusting in the horizontal direction Chamber interior installs spray equipment;
Centrifugal chamber, inside along the vertical direction arranged for interval it is multiple inclination set angles baffles;
Exhaust apparatus, for providing negative pressure, the shower water that negative pressure gas flow and spray equipment generate for composite dedusting room and centrifugal chamber Fair current, adverse current alternating action are formed to realize that gas-liquid exchanges, to complete multistage dedusting.
2. a kind of combined type multi-stage spray cleaner according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the overdraught partition It is fixed with composite dedusting ceiling portion, there are gap, the downstream partition and composite dedusting room bottoms with composite dedusting room bottom It fixes, there are gaps with composite dedusting ceiling portion;
Wherein, overdraught partition is odd number, and downstream partition is even number.
3. a kind of combined type multi-stage spray cleaner according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the two of the centrifugal chamber Side inner wall is respectively provided with baffle, and the angle of the baffle and vertical direction is greater than 45 ° of acute angle.
4. a kind of combined type multi-stage spray cleaner according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the composite dedusting room Expansion chamber is arranged in bottom, and described expansion chamber one end is equipped with sewage draining exit, and the other end is equipped with water outlet;
It is connected between the sewage draining exit and water outlet by the blowdown plate being obliquely installed.
5. a kind of combined type multi-stage spray cleaner according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the blowdown plate inclines Rake angle is less than 30 °.
6. a kind of combined type multi-stage spray cleaner according to claim 4, which is characterized in that further include circulation dress It sets, the circulator connection expansion chamber and spray equipment;
The circulator includes water pump, and water pump passes through water pipe respectively and is connected with the water outlet of expansion chamber, spray equipment, and water pump Flow control valve is arranged in water pipe between spray equipment.
7. a kind of combined type multi-stage spray cleaner according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the composite dedusting room Top is connected to inlet air plenum.
8. a kind of combined type multi-stage spray cleaner according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the spray equipment packet Include multiple spray heads for being installed on composite dedusting ceiling portion.
9. a kind of combined type multi-stage spray cleaner according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the exhaust apparatus is Centrifugal blower, the centrifugal blower are installed in centrifugal chamber top outlet inlet.
CN201920227061.XU 2019-02-22 2019-02-22 A kind of combined type multi-stage spray cleaner Expired - Fee Related CN209530445U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109647116A (en) * 2019-02-22 2019-04-19 山东农业工程学院 A kind of combined type multi-stage spray cleaner and method

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109647116A (en) * 2019-02-22 2019-04-19 山东农业工程学院 A kind of combined type multi-stage spray cleaner and method

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GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20191025

Termination date: 20210222

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee