CN209524944U - A kind of bolt intelligently locking monitoring device and its information integrating apparatus - Google Patents

A kind of bolt intelligently locking monitoring device and its information integrating apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209524944U
CN209524944U CN201821327090.5U CN201821327090U CN209524944U CN 209524944 U CN209524944 U CN 209524944U CN 201821327090 U CN201821327090 U CN 201821327090U CN 209524944 U CN209524944 U CN 209524944U
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China
Prior art keywords
bolt
monitoring
ontology
screw retention
data
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CN201821327090.5U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张明皓
费香泽
刘彬
李清华
杨加伦
马潇
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China Electric Power Research Institute Co Ltd CEPRI
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China Electric Power Research Institute Co Ltd CEPRI
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Abstract

A kind of bolt intelligently locking monitoring device and its information integrating apparatus, comprising: screw retention monitoring device ontology, connector and data transmission module;The connector is fixedly connected with the screw retention monitoring device ontology, and the connector is hollow structure, is socketed on the nut of bolt;Angular transducer is provided on the screw retention monitoring device ontology, the angular transducer is vertically arranged with the nut, for measuring the angle of bolt rotation;The data transmission module is arranged on the screw retention monitoring device ontology, it is electrically connected with the angular transducer, the bolt is intelligently on the mountable bolt in shaft tower after fastening of locking monitoring device, it is monitored for the rotational angle of bolt, and quickly check bolt quantity on tower, realize the real-time monitoring of bolt fastening situation on shaft tower, it is convenient timely to find bolt looseness situation.

Description

A kind of bolt intelligently locking monitoring device and its information integrating apparatus
Technical field
The utility model relates to transmission line of electricity on-line monitorings, and in particular to a kind of bolt intelligently locking monitoring device and its letter Cease integrating device.
Background technique
Extra-high voltage electric transmission and transformation engineering has been in the critical period of construction at present, and organizes vertical steel tower as extra high voltage line work The important link of Cheng Jianshe, the components in work progress steel tower, especially bolted safety, reliability are to extra-high voltage The safety and quality of engineering construction have great influence.After transmission line construction is finished and put into operation, steel tower is as the important of power grid Component part, Regional Distribution is extensive, and service condition is complicated, destroys vulnerable to natural environment influence and external force, shakes in strong wind, gentle breeze Under the influence of dynamic, wire icing such as waves at the factors, often causes the bolt looseness of shaft tower or even fall off, it is de- to eventually lead to conducting wire It falls, shaft tower inclination, the accidents such as tower of falling, has buried huge hidden danger to power network safety operation.
Therefore it needs effectively to be monitored for line environment, and shaft tower substantial amounts in transmission line of electricity, stress condition are multiple It is miscellaneous, have a large amount of bolts on every steel tower, for installed bolt how to check bolt quantity, with the presence or absence of neglected loading situation with And whether loosen, currently, inspection during line data-logging for bolt still through visual method, lacks effectively Means quickly and accurately find the abnormal conditions such as the falling off of bolt on shaft tower, bolt looseness, increase the workload of inspection, difficult To meet the construction requirements of smart grid.
Utility model content
The de- of bolt on shaft tower is quickly and accurately found in order to solve the effective means that lacks in the presence of the prior art Fall, the abnormal conditions such as bolt looseness the problem of, the utility model provides a kind of bolt intelligently locking monitoring device.
Technical solution provided by the utility model is: a kind of intelligent locking monitoring device of bolt, comprising: screw retention monitoring Device noumenon, connector and data transmission module;
The connector is fixedly connected with the screw retention monitoring device ontology, and the connector is hollow structure, set It connects on the nut of bolt;
Angular transducer is provided on the screw retention monitoring device ontology, the angular transducer and the nut hang down Straight setting, for measuring the angle of bolt rotation;
The data transmission module is arranged on the screw retention monitoring device ontology, is electrically connected with the angular transducer It connects.
Preferably, the intelligent locking monitoring device of the bolt, further includes: Temperature Humidity Sensor;
The Temperature Humidity Sensor is arranged in the screw retention monitoring device ontology, is electrically connected with data transmission module It connects, for monitoring ambient temperature and humidity.
Preferably, the intelligent locking monitoring device of the bolt, further includes: vibrating sensor, the vibrating sensor are set It sets in the screw retention monitoring device ontology;
The vibrating sensor includes: 3-axis acceleration sensor, and the 3-axis acceleration sensor and data transmit mould Block electrical connection, for monitoring the vibration signal of the screw retention monitoring device ontology position.
Preferably, the intelligent locking monitoring device of the bolt, further includes: data processing module is arranged in the bolt In locking monitoring device ontology, the input terminal of the data processing module respectively with the angular transducer, Temperature Humidity Sensor It is electrically connected with vibrating sensor, the output end of the data processing module is electrically connected with data transmission module;
The data processing module includes: pretreatment circuit;
The pretreatment circuit includes: signal amplification circuit and analog to digital conversion circuit, the signal amplification circuit respectively with It is connect again with analog to digital conversion circuit after the angular transducer, Temperature Humidity Sensor and vibrating sensor connection.
Preferably, the data processing module further include: embeded processor;
The embeded processor is electrically connected with analog-digital conversion circuit as described and data transmission module respectively.
Preferably, the intelligent locking monitoring device of the bolt, further includes: Power Management Unit is embedded in the bolt In locking monitoring device ontology;
The Power Management Unit includes: battery and control circuit.
Preferably, the screw retention monitoring device, further includes: radio antenna;
The radio antenna is set on the screw retention monitoring device ontology, is electrically connected with data transmission module It connects.
Preferably, the data transmission antenna is 2.4G wireless antenna.
Based on same design, a kind of information integrating apparatus for the intelligent locking monitoring device of the bolt is additionally provided, It include: transceiver module and data concentrator, the transceiver module and data concentrator are electrically connected;
The transceiver module will receive the information that the data transmission module of the screw retention monitoring device is sent, and by institute It states the data in data concentrator and is sent to monitor supervision platform or wireless radio frequency identification reader-writer;
The data concentrator stores the information of the screw retention monitoring device ontology and according to the Information Statistics spiral shell Bolt quantity.
Compared with prior art, the utility model has the following beneficial effects:
In technical solution provided by the utility model, screw retention monitoring device ontology, connector and data transmission module; The connector is fixedly connected with the screw retention monitoring device ontology, and the connector is hollow structure, is socketed in bolt Nut on;Angular transducer, the angular transducer and the nut are provided on the screw retention monitoring device ontology It is vertically arranged, for measuring the angle of bolt rotation;The data transmission module is arranged in the screw retention monitoring device sheet On body, be electrically connected with the angular transducer, the bolt intelligently locking monitoring device it is mountable in shaft tower fasten after bolt On, it is monitored for the rotational angle of bolt, and quickly check bolt quantity on tower, realizes bolt fastening situation on shaft tower Real-time monitoring, it is convenient timely to find bolt looseness situation.
In technical solution provided by the utility model, bolt rotational angle, temperature and humidity and vibration data are passed through into wireless parties Formula is sent to rear end monitor supervision platform, carries out intelligent distinguishing and alarms.
Technical solution provided by the utility model can monitor transmission line of electricity local environment feelings by temperature-humidity monitoring unit On the one hand whether condition can be in moist environment with monitoring bolt, fallen off because bolt is in wet environment and will lead to get rusty, separately On the one hand prevention causes under the influence of the natural conditions such as temperature, humidity, precipitation wire icing to be waved.
Technical solution provided by the utility model has embeded processor, has bolt pretightening computing capability, can be real-time Acquisition pre-tightens force data, and integrated temperature and humidity and vibration monitoring function, realizes electric transmission line channel environmental integration locating for shaft tower Monitoring.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the intelligent locking monitoring device of bolt provided by the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the scheme of installation of radio antenna in the utility model;
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram of internal structure of the intelligent locking monitoring device of bolt in the utility model;
1- screw retention monitoring device ontology;2- bolt;3- connector;4- Temperature Humidity Sensor;5- pre-processes circuit;6- Angular transducer;7- vibrating sensor;8- power supply;9- embeded processor;10- data transmission module;11- wirelessly communicates day Line.
Specific embodiment
The utility model in order to better understand is done with content of the example to the utility model with reference to the accompanying drawings of the specification Further instruction.
The utility model proposes that one kind can quickly check bolt quantity and monitor spiral shell for the fastening bolt on transmission tower The intelligent locking monitoring device of the bolt whether bolt loosens.After tower erection, by the locking monitoring device of this kind of intelligent bolt It is fixed on the nut of plain bolt;The device built-in angular sensor, data transmission module, that is, wireless communications chips, collection At Temperature Humidity Sensor and vibrating sensor.By wireless networking and the communication technology, can express statistic device quantity, while its Locating angle position, ambient temperature and humidity and Vibration Condition are sent on shaft tower in the data concentrator of information integrating apparatus, then are led to It crosses 4G network and is sent to monitor supervision platform.Such as bolt looseness, bolt can accordingly generate rotation, its angle is made to change, thus real Existing bolt is quickly checked and can carry out bolt rotational angle on-line monitoring.To realize shaft tower bolt status real time monitor, prevent because Bolt falling causes shaft tower inclination, topples over, the final life cycle management monitoring for realizing shaft tower.
Bolt based on wireless networking technology intelligently locking monitoring device by angular transducer, Temperature Humidity Sensor, vibration Sensor and data processing module composition.Method is sent to data monitoring to the bolt rotational angle monitored by wireless communication Platform, user can be in monitor supervision platform real-time monitoring bolt quantity and its rotational angle, while monitoring passway for transmitting electricity ring locating for shaft tower Itself Vibration Condition of the temperature and humidity and shaft tower in border reflects the parameter abnormalities such as lead to bolt corrosion, loosen.It is each on shaft tower Intelligently locking monitoring device by wireless networking mode carries out data communication to bolt, and carry out data collects transmission.
As shown in Figure 1, for bolt, intelligently locking monitoring device one of mounting means in conjunction with bolt, the bolt are intelligently locking Monitoring device uses integral structure, and can seriation adaptation various specifications bolt, it is fixed after operation maintenance personnel still can be directly right Bolt carries out fastening processing.
It is illustrated in figure 2 the mounting means of radio antenna, radio antenna is mounted on above integral structure.
The bolt provided in the present embodiment is after intelligently locking monitoring device can be used in tower erection, by bolt intelligence On nut, angular transducer 6 is made simultaneously 3 sets of connector of the locking monitoring device ontology 1 of energy according to acceleration transducer principle It is encapsulated perpendicular to bolt installation site.After bolt fastening, situations such as such as generating loosening, bolt rotates, and consolidates with it Intelligently locking monitoring device can generate equal angular variation to bolt;According to the variation with acceleration of gravity angle, it can this comes Reflect the size of institute's rotational angle;The vibrating sensor 7 built in device and Temperature Humidity Sensor 4 can send temperature and humidity on schedule simultaneously Data and vibration data carry out electric transmission line channel environmental monitoring.
As shown in figure 3, bolt intelligently includes: power management module 8, pretreatment circuit 5, insertion inside locking monitoring device Formula processor (MCU) 9, data transmission module 10 etc..The output of angular transducer 6, Temperature Humidity Sensor 4 and vibrating sensor 7 Signal is sent to pretreatment circuit, is further processed, analyzes, and is sent to data transmission module 10 by MCU, based on wireless Networking technology, intelligently locking monitoring device can be used as data and send and reception device for bolt on each shaft tower, successively will be every A bolt is presently in angle and is sent to data centralised arrangement on shaft tower, is sent to monitor supervision platform by 4G network.
Each section major function is described below:
Current power transmission channel environment temperature and humidity can be sent to MCU by Temperature Humidity Sensor 4, carry out shaft tower ambient enviroment prison It surveys.
Circuit 5 is pre-processed, comprising signal amplification circuit, analog to digital converter etc., faint analog signal is converted into The digital signal that embeded processor is capable of handling, the embeded processor can be using comparators etc., can be using conventional Means carry out angle, temperature and humidity and the variation monitoring of vibration.
Angular transducer 6 monitors rotation variation in position on bis- axis of X, Y, to carry out the monitoring of bolt looseness situation.
Vibrating sensor 7, built-in 3-axis acceleration sensor can carry out vibration prison to the fixed position of data processing unit It surveys, and Vibration Condition is sent to MCU, carry out the monitoring of shaft tower Vibration Condition on demand.
Power management module 8 includes angular transducer in battery and its control circuit, with screw retention monitoring device ontology 6, Temperature Humidity Sensor 4, vibrating sensor 7, pretreatment circuit 5, embeded processor (MCU) 9,10 electricity of data transmission module Connection is each module for power supply in screw retention monitoring device ontology, while being managed to battery.
Embeded processor (MCU) 9, the control core of the intelligent locking monitoring device of bolt use 80C51 in the present embodiment Microprocessor is responsible for operation data processing routine, and angle, temperature and humidity and vibration data are sent to data using conventional means and passed Defeated module.
Data transmission module 10, the angle change data that MCU is handled well are based on IEEE 802.15.4 standard, pass through nothing Key point bolt angle, temperature and humidity, vibration data and bolt intrinsic information on entire shaft tower are collected to data by line network-building method Concentrator is simultaneously sent to monitor supervision platform;
Wherein, bolt intrinsic information includes: specifications and models, grade, installation site and the bolt material of bolt.
Wireless networking can also be substituted by the way of RFID reader scanning in the present embodiment to carry out data transmission, directly The information in concentrator is obtained by radio frequency identification.
Intelligently locking monitoring device takes integrated design method to bolt provided in this embodiment, is based on pcb board, interior angle setting Degree sensor, Temperature Humidity Sensor and vibrating sensor are simultaneously connected to data processing unit.Angular rate signal is through amplification, digital-to-analogue It is sent after conversion to MCU and carries out the calculating of angle;Calculated result is sent to wireless communication module, and method is by angle number by wireless communication According to being sent to shaft tower concentrator, then backstage is sent to by wireless network and carries out real time on-line monitoring.
Intelligently locking monitoring device is based on standard bolt type design to bolt provided in this embodiment, not by installation tool and Job location limitation, simple to install is convenient, can be adapted to current bolt model and tower structure, integral structure is in bolt looseness The fastening again of bolt is not interfered to safeguard.
Bolt is installed on bolt intelligently after locking monitoring device, in the shaft tower O&M stage, can remotely watch bolt in real time Angular turn whether occurs, and according to temperature-humidity monitoring sensor and vibrating sensor, working bolt state is judged, thus right Tower structure health condition makes accurate judgement.
The bolt intelligently locking monitoring device have embedded chip system, have it is small in size, measure accurate feature, lead to Wireless networking technology is crossed, electric power line pole tower real time on-line monitoring can be carried out.
Intelligently locking monitoring device can quick and precisely check out bolt quantity to bolt provided in this embodiment, between measurement inspection Every phase inner bolt rotational angle.
Present embodiments providing the bolt based on wireless networking technology, intelligently locking monitoring device has embedded system, tool Bolt angle monitor registering capacity, can real-time acquisition angles monitoring data.
Intelligently locking monitoring device is based on 802.15.4 standard to bolt provided in this embodiment, will using wireless networking technology Angle monitor information is sent on shaft tower after data centralised arrangement, is sent to monitor supervision platform by 4G network, user can lead to It crosses remote mode and obtains angle monitor data, realize the real time on-line monitoring of bolt fastening situation.
The nut that different model can be set in connector in the present embodiment compatible is arranged structure.
A kind of information integrating apparatus for the intelligent locking monitoring device of bolt is additionally provided in the present embodiment, comprising: receive Send out module and data concentrator, the transceiver module and data concentrator electrical connection;
The transceiver module will receive the information that data transmission module is sent in screw retention monitoring device ontology, and by institute It states the data in data concentrator and is sent to monitor supervision platform or wireless radio frequency identification reader-writer;
The data concentrator stores the information in screw retention monitoring device ontology and according to the Information Statistics bolt Quantity.
The above is only the embodiments of the present invention, are not intended to limit the utility model, all in the utility model Spirit and principle within, any modification, equivalent substitution, improvement and etc. done are all contained in and apply for pending the utility model Scope of the claims within.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of intelligent locking monitoring device of bolt characterized by comprising screw retention monitoring device ontology, connector and Data transmission module;
The connector is fixedly connected with the screw retention monitoring device ontology, and the connector is hollow structure, is socketed in On the nut of bolt;
Angular transducer is provided on the screw retention monitoring device ontology, the angular transducer is vertical with the nut to be set It sets, for measuring the angle of bolt rotation;
The data transmission module is arranged on the screw retention monitoring device ontology, is electrically connected with the angular transducer.
2. the intelligent locking monitoring device of bolt as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that further include: Temperature Humidity Sensor;
The Temperature Humidity Sensor is arranged in the screw retention monitoring device ontology, is electrically connected with data transmission module, uses In monitoring ambient temperature and humidity.
3. the intelligent locking monitoring device of bolt as claimed in claim 2, which is characterized in that further include: vibrating sensor, it is described Vibrating sensor is arranged in the screw retention monitoring device ontology;
The vibrating sensor includes: 3-axis acceleration sensor, the 3-axis acceleration sensor and data transmission module electricity Connection, for monitoring the vibration signal of the screw retention monitoring device ontology position.
4. the intelligent locking monitoring device of bolt as claimed in claim 3, which is characterized in that further include: data processing module, if Set in the screw retention monitoring device ontology, the input terminal of the data processing module respectively with the angular transducer, Temperature Humidity Sensor and vibrating sensor electrical connection, the output end of the data processing module are electrically connected with data transmission module;
The data processing module includes: pretreatment circuit;
The pretreatment circuit includes: signal amplification circuit and analog to digital conversion circuit, the signal amplification circuit respectively with it is described It is connect again with analog to digital conversion circuit after angular transducer, Temperature Humidity Sensor and vibrating sensor connection.
5. the intelligent locking monitoring device of bolt as claimed in claim 4, which is characterized in that the data processing module also wraps It includes: embeded processor;
The embeded processor is electrically connected with analog-digital conversion circuit as described and data transmission module respectively.
6. the intelligent locking monitoring device of bolt as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that further include: Power Management Unit, it is embedding It is located in the screw retention monitoring device ontology;
The Power Management Unit includes: battery and control circuit.
7. the intelligent locking monitoring device of bolt as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that further include: radio antenna;
The radio antenna is set on the screw retention monitoring device ontology, is electrically connected with data transmission module.
8. the intelligent locking monitoring device of bolt as claimed in claim 7, which is characterized in that the data transmission antenna is 2.4G Wireless antenna.
9. a kind of information integrating apparatus for the intelligent locking monitoring device of bolt described in claim 1, which is characterized in that packet It includes: transceiver module and data concentrator, the transceiver module and data concentrator electrical connection;
The transceiver module sends the data transmission module for receiving the screw retention monitoring device as described in claim 1-8 is any Information, and send monitor supervision platform or wireless radio frequency identification reader-writer for the data in the data concentrator;
Data concentrator storage information of screw retention monitoring device ontology and according to institute as described in claim 1-8 is any State Information Statistics bolt quantity.
CN201821327090.5U 2018-08-16 2018-08-16 A kind of bolt intelligently locking monitoring device and its information integrating apparatus Active CN209524944U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821327090.5U CN209524944U (en) 2018-08-16 2018-08-16 A kind of bolt intelligently locking monitoring device and its information integrating apparatus

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821327090.5U CN209524944U (en) 2018-08-16 2018-08-16 A kind of bolt intelligently locking monitoring device and its information integrating apparatus

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Publication Number Publication Date
CN209524944U true CN209524944U (en) 2019-10-22

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111894816A (en) * 2020-08-03 2020-11-06 远景能源有限公司 Bolt monitoring system and method for wind generating set

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111894816A (en) * 2020-08-03 2020-11-06 远景能源有限公司 Bolt monitoring system and method for wind generating set

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