CN209496276U - A kind of wheel hub Tool Management System - Google Patents

A kind of wheel hub Tool Management System Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209496276U
CN209496276U CN201822244845.1U CN201822244845U CN209496276U CN 209496276 U CN209496276 U CN 209496276U CN 201822244845 U CN201822244845 U CN 201822244845U CN 209496276 U CN209496276 U CN 209496276U
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China
Prior art keywords
tool
cutter
wheel hub
knife
management device
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CN201822244845.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
释修才
释雪晴
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Qingdao Masein Manufacturing Technology Co Ltd
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Qingdao Masein Manufacturing Technology Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of wheel hub Tool Management Systems, including, tool life management device, the cutter connecting with tool life management device is for knife system;And the scanning means being mounted in track robot connecting with tool life management device, the scanning means are used for the processing dimension of scanning machining wheel hub during robot clamps wheel hub, later by scanning signal feedback into tool life management device.By management system disclosed by the utility model, non-contact measurement wheel hub processing stage may be implemented, and then judge tool wear situation, whether need tool changing to judge automatically.

Description

A kind of wheel hub Tool Management System
Technical field
The utility model belongs to machine tool field, and in particular to a kind of wheel hub Tool Management System.
Background technique
In traditional CNC (computer digital control machine tool), tool life management mostly uses extensive mode, in addition to breaking Cutter is carried out outside tool setting gauge detection by technical staff's experience and timing, the wear condition of cutter is also assessed by empirical value, still Technical staff can not accurately be confirmed whether to need to carry out cutter changing, therefore cutter room tends not to standby knife in time, needs more Tool changing has plenty of time waste when having.Meanwhile the tool life management in Modern Significance is completed according to vision system, is thrown Enter big.
In existing open source literature, [" tool failure of horizontal Machining centers MDH80 is restarted automatically function " virgin literary benefit etc., " manufacturing technology and lathe ", o. 11th, the .64-65 pages, in January, 2008] a kind of Tool Management System is disclosed, it discloses Including following system: tool setting gauge judges that tool failure is skipped and worked as after damaged to the measurement data of cutter and the comparison of tool offset value Preceding cutter calls automatically and each uses cutter;All cutters in tool magazine must be set first in tool life management (i.e. tool management Device) in cutter group, cutter number, knife number picked up and accurate tool offset value are processed in subprogram, after Tool in Cutting, are called damaged Macroprogram 09663 is detected, whether is greater than by fiducial value M of the tool setting gauge to the measurement data N and tool offset value H99 of knife damaged fair Residual quantity Q, it is whether damaged to sentence this cutter, main axle cutter is set as service life arrival, when M is greater than breakageization residual quantity Q, system judges knife Tool is damaged, and the function of restarting automatically after the broken report of cutter is developed on horizontal Machining centers MDH8O, can be stopped after tool failure Only process present procedure, exchange new workpiece automatically and processed, in the process of new workpiece, it is automatic call damaged knife its Reserve tools.Its indeterminable problem is, by calling damage testing macroprogram 09663, by tool setting gauge to knife Whether the fiducial value M of measurement data N and tool offset value H99 is greater than damaged franchise amount Q, come whether damaged, this program of sentencing this cutter What is relied on is that detection switch detects attrition value, and detection switch needs to be mounted on the fixation position on lathe, installation dimension It protects comparatively laborious.
In view of the above problems, the utility model proposes a kind of wheel hub Tool Management Systems.
Utility model content
The problem of for prior art, the first purpose of the utility model are to propose a kind of wheel hub cutter Management system, second of purpose are to propose a kind of wheel hub tool wear degree measurement method, the third purpose is to propose one kind Wheel hub tool management method.
A kind of wheel hub Tool Management System, including, tool life management device, the tool life management device is used for It obtains wheel hub processing dimension information and obtains simultaneously storing cutter information, and then obtain the service condition of wheel hub cutter;
The cutter connecting with tool life management device is for knife system;The cutter is for knife system, for according to cutter Use state and experience life information judge whether to need standby knife, and after determining the standby knife of needs, execute standby knife and operate, in cutter Service life reach maximum value after, utilize standby knife to replace cutter;
And the scanning means being mounted in track robot being connect with tool life management device, the scanning means For the processing dimension of scanning machining wheel hub during robot clamps wheel hub, scanning signal was fed back to the cutter longevity later It orders in managing device.
Further, the tool-information for obtaining storage includes cutter compensation value, main shaft load factor, product processing dimension Information and tool wear value.
Further, institute's imaging apparatus includes laser sensor, and the laser sensor includes for emitting laser letter Number laser and laser detector and measuring circuit for receiving laser signal.
Further, the cutter includes tool setting gauge and tool changing machine for knife system, and tool changing machine first carries out tool changing, to knife Instrument is carried out to knife again.
A kind of wheel hub tool wear degree measurement method, comprising the following steps:
The laser of laser sensor emits laser L1, and L1 is projected to the machined surface of part, and reflection laser L2, laser The laser detector of sensor detects this laser L2, has time difference φ between L1 and L2, obtains product by calculating time difference φ Processing dimension information C;
When corner wear to a certain extent when, tool wear maximum value D1 in corner wear to usable range defines this When L1 ' and L2 ' difference be φ 1, make 1 mapping value product size information C1 of φ, while C1 is mapped to D1;
As tool wear value value Dn >=D1, cutter life has reached the maximum value.
Compared with traditional automatic replacement knives routine, the utility model gets rid of traditional tool wear monitoring means, Test point need not be set on lathe, also unlike the state of wear for directly detecting cutter, but the abrasion shape of detection part indirectly State, and detected using laser sensor, the characteristic worked continuously ensure that not comparing main shaft carries out complicated operation, This is embodied in processing program, and embodiment disclosed in the utility model avoids the coordinate value meter in traditional measurement process It calculates, has saved manufacturing procedure.
Further, it is 0.1~0.3mm that the tool wear value D1, which obtains value range,.
Further, the φ 1, the tool-information judgment threshold that C1, D1 are storage.
A kind of wheel hub tool management method, includes the following steps:
When production line carries out wheel hub processing, the scanning means that is mounted on track robot hand can be in robot from adding The processing dimension of wheel hub is scanned before work lathe clamping wheel hub in advance;
Tool life management device presets cutter life maximum value, anti-more than scanning means signal after cutter life maximum value It is fed to tool life management device and carries out standby knife operation, while showing warning message.
Further, when the use state of the cutter is normal operating conditions, compare the cutter letter that Scanning Detction arrives The tool-information judgment threshold of breath and storage, judges whether the cutter remaining service life is less than or equal to the default service life;
When being less than or equal to the default service life in the cutter remaining service life, determines and need standby knife;It is surplus in the cutter When the remaining service life is greater than the default service life, determines and do not need standby knife.
The utility model has the beneficial effect that the application can monitor cutter life in real time, and standby knife in time, uses laser Sensor replaces vision system, reduces capital input.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is 1 system pie graph of embodiment,
Fig. 2 is 2 laser sensor schematic diagram of embodiment,
Fig. 3 is 2 flow chart of embodiment,
Fig. 4 is 1 cutter of embodiment for knife system.
In figure, 1, cutter head;2, parts to be processed;3, main shaft;4, track robot;5, track;10, tool life management fills It sets;20, cutter is for knife system;30, cutter scanning means, 40, historian;50, laser sensor;60, tool setting gauge; 70, tool changing machine.
Specific embodiment
It is noted that following detailed description is all illustrative, it is intended to provide further instruction to the application.Unless another It indicates, all technical and scientific terms used herein has usual with the application person of an ordinary skill in the technical field The identical meanings of understanding.
It should be noted that term used herein above is merely to describe specific embodiment, and be not intended to restricted root According to the illustrative embodiments of the application.As used herein, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise, otherwise singular Also it is intended to include plural form, additionally, it should be understood that, when in the present specification using term "comprising" and/or " packet Include " when, indicate existing characteristics, step, operation, device, component and/or their combination.
It should be pointed out that the orientation word in following embodiment is described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Embodiment 1
A kind of wheel hub Tool Management System provided by the utility model, including tool life management device 10, respectively with knife Has the cutter of the connection of service life management device 10 for knife system 20 and the scanning means being mounted in track robot 4;
The scanning means is used for the processing dimension of scanning machining wheel hub during robot clamps wheel hub, later will Scanning signal is fed back into tool life management device 10;The scanning means includes laser sensor, the laser sensor Including laser, laser detector and measuring circuit, the laser is launched laser and is examined by object table change reflection by laser Device inspection is surveyed to arrive;Corner wear when processing, when the degree of wear reaches the limit of value, processing dimension becomes larger, this variation can be swashed Optical sensor detects that laser sensor receives signal and detection result is sent to tool life management device 10;In this reality It applies in example, in order to realize that the signal for receiving laser sensor passes to tool life management device 10, the laser sensing Device is electrically connected with tool life management device 10.
The wherein tool life management device 10 for obtaining wheel hub processing dimension information, and then obtains wheel hub cutter Service condition, obtain, storage tool-information include cutter compensation value, 3 load factor of main shaft, product processing dimension information and Cutting-tool wear state, and the use state of wheel hub process tool is obtained according to tool-information;The tool life management device 10 Including processor, processor is for obtaining wheel hub processing dimension information and carrying out the tool-information that dimension information is stored with it pair Than.
Wherein the cutter is for knife system 20, for judging whether need according to the use state and experience life information of cutter Will standby knife execute standby knife and operate, after cutting-tool's used life reaches maximum value, utilize standby knife and after determining and needing standby knife Replace cutter;The cutter includes tool changing machine and tool setting gauge for knife system 20, and tool changing machine first carries out tool changing, as shown in figure 4, Described to state cutter for knife system 20 using device commonly used in the art, details are not described herein.
It include warning device in the present embodiment to realize warning function, warning device is electrically connected the cutter life pipe Device 10 is managed, warning device is controlled by tool life management device 10 and issues alarm signal.Warning device can be loudspeaker.
Embodiment 2
The utility model provides a kind of wheel hub tool management method, and this method comprises the following steps:
When the use state of the cutter is normal operating conditions, according to the Scanning Detction information and previous experiences longevity Life information judges whether the cutter remaining service life is less than or equal to the default service life;
When being less than or equal to the default service life in the cutter remaining service life, determines and need standby knife;It is surplus in the cutter When the remaining service life is greater than the default service life, determines and do not need standby knife;
When production line carries out wheel hub processing, the installation of track robot 4 is mounted on 4 gripper of track robot on guide rail On scanning means can robot from machining tool clamp wheel hub before scan wheel hub processing dimension in advance;When actual processing size When becoming larger, but being no more than manufacturing limit, indication process tool is worn to the end;The default surplus limit, more than being scanned after the surplus limit Device signal feedback carries out standby knife to tool life management device 10 and operates, while Tool Management System shows warning message.
It is as follows the present embodiment provides a kind of specific example for realizing wheel hub tool management using the present embodiment:
(1) correlation values for obtaining cutter first, are defined as follows numerical value herein:
A: cutter compensation value;
B: 3 load factor of main shaft;
C: product processing dimension information;
D: cutting-tool wear state.
D is cutting-tool wear state, and as described above, in the present embodiment, the approach for obtaining D is by laser sensor to zero The detection of part machining state, principle are that the laser of laser sensor emits laser L1, and L1 is projected to the machined surface of part, And reflection laser L2, the laser detector of laser sensor detect this laser L2, have time difference φ between L1 and L2, pass through meter Evaluation time difference can obtain product processing dimension information C;When continuous L1 and L2 are launched reception, formation can be obtained more Accurate product processing dimension information C;In turn, when corner wear to a certain extent when, e.g., in corner wear to usable range Maximum value D1, the difference for defining L1 ' at this time and L2 ' is φ 1, makes D1 mapping value φ 1, while φ 1 is mapped to product size Information C1, then as Dn >=D1, cutter has reached its service life maximum value;In the process, cutter compensation value A and main shaft 3 are negative Load rate B is calculated in a conventional manner.
Specific in machine tool program, A is current tool length offset, can use the long measurement of the included knife of measuring instrument or lathe Function is stored in cutter compensation table after measuring cutter length.System variable P1~Pn is used to save the tool offset value of each cutter, benefit It is read with macroprogram and corresponds to the variable of current tool length offset in this group of variable and obtain A value.
D1 is tool wear maximum value (comparing threshold value), it and the cutter degree of wear in the actual processing process, main shaft 3 The factors such as load factor B are related, can choose according to the actual situation, generally take 0.1~0.3mm.D1 value should be stored in after determining can power down In the macro-variable of holding (storage location Pm), to be read in macroprogram.
(code instance can be provided herein, can also further be refined to described above;If you think above description Through enough, it can not continue to add content)
As Dn >=D1, lathe warning note operator resets tool offset value or replacement cutter.
In practical applications, it is stored in cutter compensation table, therefore uses in advance since initial cutter length can be used as tool offset value The cutter length newly measured is compared with cutter compensation value.
As can be seen from the above embodiments, the utility model has the beneficial effect that the application can monitor cutter in real time Service life, and standby knife in time, vision system is replaced with laser sensor, reduces capital input.
Compared with traditional automatic replacement knives routine, the feature of the utility model concentrates on the mistake detected to cutter Journey, in the process, the utility model get rid of traditional tool wear monitoring means, it is not necessary to test point is set on lathe, Also unlike directly detect cutter state of wear, but indirectly detection part state of wear, and using laser sensor into Row detection, the characteristic worked continuously ensure that not comparing main shaft 3 carries out complicated operation, this is embodied in processing program, this Utility model the disclosed embodiments avoid the calculating of the coordinate value in traditional measurement process, have saved manufacturing procedure.
The foregoing is merely preferred embodiment of the present application, are not intended to limit this application, for the skill of this field For art personnel, various changes and changes are possible in this application.Within the spirit and principles of this application, made any to repair Change, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., should be included within the scope of protection of this application.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of wheel hub Tool Management System, which is characterized in that including, tool life management device, the tool life management Device for obtaining wheel hub processing dimension information and obtaining simultaneously storing cutter information, and then obtains the service condition of wheel hub cutter;
The cutter connecting with tool life management device is for knife system;The cutter is for knife system, for the use according to cutter State and experience life information judge whether to need standby knife, and after determining the standby knife of needs, execute standby knife and operate, in making for cutter After reaching maximum value with the service life, cutter is replaced using standby knife;
And the scanning means being mounted in track robot connecting with tool life management device, the scanning means are used for The processing dimension of scanning machining wheel hub during robot clamps wheel hub, later feeds back scanning signal to cutter life pipe It manages in device.
2. a kind of wheel hub Tool Management System as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the tool-information for obtaining storage Including cutter compensation value, main shaft load factor, product processing dimension information and tool wear value.
3. a kind of wheel hub Tool Management System as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that institute's imaging apparatus includes laser Sensor, the laser sensor include the laser for emitting laser signal and the laser detection for receiving laser signal Device and measuring circuit.
4. a kind of wheel hub Tool Management System as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the cutter includes pair for knife system Knife instrument and tool changing machine, tool changing machine first carry out tool changing, and tool setting gauge is carried out to knife again.
CN201822244845.1U 2018-12-28 2018-12-28 A kind of wheel hub Tool Management System Active CN209496276U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201822244845.1U CN209496276U (en) 2018-12-28 2018-12-28 A kind of wheel hub Tool Management System

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2020135636A1 (en) * 2018-12-28 2020-07-02 释修才 Hub tool management system and method
CN111451820A (en) * 2020-03-23 2020-07-28 深圳市裕展精密科技有限公司 Control mechanism and tool changing control method

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2020135636A1 (en) * 2018-12-28 2020-07-02 释修才 Hub tool management system and method
CN111451820A (en) * 2020-03-23 2020-07-28 深圳市裕展精密科技有限公司 Control mechanism and tool changing control method

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