CN209471043U - A kind of grain moisture content detection device based on electromagnetic wave - Google Patents

A kind of grain moisture content detection device based on electromagnetic wave Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209471043U
CN209471043U CN201822019183.8U CN201822019183U CN209471043U CN 209471043 U CN209471043 U CN 209471043U CN 201822019183 U CN201822019183 U CN 201822019183U CN 209471043 U CN209471043 U CN 209471043U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cabinet
grain
machine
detection case
cooling cylinder
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201822019183.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周建华
何洋
林立
唐杰
许又泉
彭志华
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Shaoyang University
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Shaoyang University
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Priority to CN201822019183.8U priority Critical patent/CN209471043U/en
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Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of grain moisture content detection devices based on electromagnetic wave, including cabinet, the inner upper of the cabinet is provided with auger conveyor, and box house is equipped with detection case close to the lower position of auger conveyor, feed pipe is connected between the auger conveyor and detection case, the side of the detection case is provided near infrared moisture instrument, the box house bottom is fixed at a side position of detection case takes out material machine, feed pipe is connected between the pumping material machine and detection case, the utility model is provided with stirring motor, agitating shaft, paddle, rotating plate and heating layer, while realization device carries out grain measurement of moisture content, grain can also be dried, it is reprocessed without the later period, simplify the storing step of grain, it is time saving and energy saving, reduce the processing cost of grain, provided with cooling cylinder, cold plate, Water tank and air-introduced machine realize the recycling of water resource, are more energy-saving and environmentally friendly device.

Description

A kind of grain moisture content detection device based on electromagnetic wave
Technical field
The utility model belongs to grain measurement of moisture content technical field, and in particular to a kind of grain moisture content inspection based on electromagnetic wave Survey device.
Background technique
In the acquisition process of grain, influence of the water content of grain to grain quality is most important, is either used as kind Son is stored or is used as sale, and ideal Measurement for Grain Moisture Content is the critical point for growing grain drying to stored-grain microbe Near, it under this moisture condition, can ensure the storage safety of grain, maintain the freshness of grain to greatest extent and eat Quality, while the germination percentage and kind quality of grain can also be maintained to greatest extent, therefore the water content detection of grain is to grain Purchase, transport, storage, processing etc. all have a very important significance, since the technology of current grain moisture content detection is inadequate A possibility that maturation, the traditional artificial method for examining grain examine speed slow, and there are human interventions during inspection.
In the Chinese patent of Patent No. 201621188637.9, it is noted that one kind is for quickly examining grain moisture content to contain Amount in X -ray inspection X equipment, the inspection automation degree of equipment is high, detection rapidly, detection efficiency it is high, but currently on the market Certain defect is still had in checkout procedure based on the grain moisture content detection device of electromagnetic wave, for example, detection device detects Drying processing cannot be carried out to grain after the completion, grain needs the later period to reprocess, and complex steps take time and effort, and increases grain In addition processing cost generates steam when grain heat-drying, be expelled directly out and be easy to cause the wasting of resources.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of grain moisture content detection devices based on electromagnetic wave, to solve above-mentioned back What is proposed in scape technology cannot carry out drying processing to grain, need the later period to reprocess, take time and effort, increase being processed into for grain This, in addition generates steam, is expelled directly out the problem of be easy to causeing the wasting of resources when grain heat-drying.
To achieve the above object, the utility model provides the following technical solutions: a kind of grain moisture content inspection based on electromagnetic wave Device, including cabinet are surveyed, the inner upper of the cabinet is provided with auger conveyor, and box house is close to auger conveyor Lower position is equipped with detection case, and feed pipe is connected between the auger conveyor and detection case, the detection case Side is provided near infrared moisture instrument, and the box house bottom is fixed with material machine of taking out at a side position of detection case, and Loading hopper is installed at the top of cabinet, feed pipe is connected between the pumping material machine and detection case, and takes out material machine relative to charging One end of pipe is connected with the drainage conduit through cabinet, and the auger conveyor includes conveyer device&apos and conveying motor, the conveying Auger is located at the inside of auger conveyor, and the conveying motor is located at cabinet exterior side, and the front surface of the cabinet is provided with Controller, the conveying motor and near infrared moisture instrument are electrically connected with controller, and the bottom of the detection case, which is equipped with, to be stirred Motor is mixed, and the inner wall bottom of detection case is provided with heating layer, being internally provided with for the detection case rotates company with stirring motor The agitating shaft connect, and there are four paddle, the cabinet front surface is close for equidistant installation along the vertical direction for the outer wall of agitating shaft Temperature controller is installed, the heating layer and temperature controller are electrically connected, the stirring motor and control at one side position of controller Device is electrically connected.
Preferably, the box house is fixed with cooling cylinder, and case by support plate at a side position of detection case Body interior bottom portion is equipped with water tank close to the lower position of cooling cylinder, the support plate upper surface and is located at cooling cylinder and inspection Air-introduced machine is installed between measuring tank, water-supply-pipe, and cooling cylinder are connected between the bottom of the cooling cylinder and the top of water tank Inside top cold plate is installed, the cooling cylinder is connected with the exhaust pipe through cabinet, institute relative to the side of air-introduced machine It states and is connected with blast pipe between the air intake of air-introduced machine and the side of detection case, and the side of the outlet air end of air-introduced machine and cooling cylinder Between be connected with air-exhausting duct, the side of the water tank is connected with the drainpipe through cabinet, the air-introduced machine and controller electricity Property connection.
Preferably, the two sides of four paddles are symmetrically arranged with rotating plate, the rotating plate by four impeller in a ring Array composition, and rotating plate and paddle are rotatablely connected by sleeve.
Preferably, the two sides of the bottom inside the cooling cylinder are symmetrically arranged with deflector, and two deflectors are right angle Triangular structure makes the bottom inside cooling cylinder form infundibulate.
Preferably, the bottom of the cold plate is equidistant in the horizontal direction opens up there are five tooth socket, makes the bottom of cold plate Form zigzag.
Preferably, the cabinet side is equipped with hood at the external position of conveying motor, and hood is relative to case The side of body offers intensive heat release hole.
Compared with prior art, the utility model has the beneficial effects that
(1) the utility model is provided with stirring motor, agitating shaft, paddle, rotating plate and heating layer, when moisture mistake in grain When more, stirring motor works rotation under the control of the controller, and drives paddle rotation by agitating shaft, to carry out to grain Stirring, in whipping process, grain is rotated by its own gravity belt turn plate, realizes paddle and rotating plate two-way stirring, together When worker pass through temperature controller and control heating layer work, the electric heating block electrified regulation being arranged inside heating layer, in detection case Grain is dried, and then while realization device progress grain measurement of moisture content, additionally it is possible to be dried to grain, is convenient for grain Dry storage, reprocesses without the later period, simplifies the storing step of grain, time saving and energy saving, and being processed into for grain greatly reduces This.
(2) the utility model is provided with cooling cylinder, cold plate, water tank and air-introduced machine, and during the drying process, air-introduced machine exists Work rotation under the control of controller, and will test the steam generated when drying in case by blast pipe and extract out, then passes through row Air hose discharges into steam in cooling cylinder, and doped with heat in steam, steam, which rises, to be simultaneously in contact with cold plate, and then steam is to the cold Condensation, the tooth socket table wall in cold plate bottom are condensed to form droplet, then be dripped under the action of its own gravity, and in water conservancy diversion Water is discharged quickly under the action of plate, under the action of water-supply-pipe, is input into water tank and is stored, when storing a certain amount of, Water is discharged water valve on openable drainpipe by drainpipe, and condensed steam is discharged by exhaust pipe, and then realizes water money The recycling in source generates steam when avoiding grain heat-drying, is expelled directly out the problem of be easy to causeing the wasting of resources, makes device more Add energy conservation and environmental protection.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the outside drawing of the utility model;
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram of internal structure of the utility model cooling cylinder;
Fig. 4 is the side view of the utility model rotating plate;
Fig. 5 is the circuit block diagram of the utility model;
In figure: 1- cabinet;2- feed pipe;3- auger conveyor;31- conveyer device'32- conveying motor;33- hood; 4- cooling cylinder;41- exhaust pipe;42- water-supply-pipe;43- cold plate;431- tooth socket;44- deflector;5- water tank;51- drainpipe; 6- air-introduced machine;61- blast pipe;62- air-exhausting duct;7- detection case;71- stirring motor;72- agitating shaft;73- paddle;74- turns Plate;75- heating layer;8- near infrared moisture instrument;9- takes out material machine;91- feed pipe;92- drainage conduit;10- controller;11- temperature controller; 12- loading hopper.
Specific embodiment
The following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, carries out the technical scheme in the embodiment of the utility model Clearly and completely describe, it is clear that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the utility model, rather than whole Embodiment.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are without making creative work Every other embodiment obtained, fall within the protection scope of the utility model.
It please refers to shown in Fig. 1-Fig. 5, the utility model provides a kind of technical solution: a kind of grain moisture content based on electromagnetic wave Detection device, including cabinet 1, the inner upper of cabinet 1 is provided with auger conveyor 3, and 1 inside of cabinet is close to auger conveyor 3 lower position is equipped with detection case 7, and feed pipe 2 is connected between auger conveyor 3 and detection case 7, detection case 7 Side is provided near infrared moisture instrument 8, and near infrared moisture instrument 8 is to absorb infrared energy at a particular wavelength using many substances, The phenomenon that without absorbing the infrared energy under other wavelength, and the principle that can be absorbed by hydrone according to near-infrared wavelength, point The near-ir energy variation of certain specific wavelength is analysed, to detect the moisture in grain, 1 interior bottom portion of cabinet is close to the one of detection case 7 It is fixed with material machine 9 of taking out at side position, and the top of cabinet 1 is equipped with loading hopper 12, takes out and be connected between material machine 9 and detection case 7 Feed pipe 91, and take out material machine 9 and be connected with the drainage conduit 92 through cabinet 1 relative to one end of feed pipe 91, auger conveyor 3 wraps Conveyer device&apos 31 and conveying motor 32 are included, conveying motor 32 uses GS0075A driving motor, power 0.2-3KW, specified electricity Pressure is 220V, and speed responsive frequency is 1000KHz, and conveyer device&apos 31 are located at the inside of auger conveyor 3, and conveying motor 32 is located at 1 outer wall side of cabinet, the front surface of cabinet 1 are provided with controller 10, and controller 10 can using the PLC of model PLC CPU226 Editing controller, output frequency 50KHZ, operating voltage 220V, conveying motor 32 and near infrared moisture instrument 8 are and controller 10 are electrically connected, and the bottom of detection case 7 is equipped with stirring motor 71, and stirring motor 71 uses GS0075A driving motor, power For 0.2-3KW, voltage rating 220V, speed responsive frequency is 1000KHz, and the inner wall bottom of detection case 7 is provided with heating Layer 75, heating layer 75 is internally provided with electric heating block, in order to be dried to grain, detection case 7 be internally provided with The agitating shaft 72 that stirring motor 71 is rotatablely connected, and there are four paddles for equidistant installation along the vertical direction for the outer wall of agitating shaft 72 73,1 front surface of cabinet is equipped with temperature controller 11 at a side position of controller 10, and temperature controller 11 uses sdc35 temperature controller, Its voltage rating is 100-240V, supply frequency 50/60HZ, rated current 12VA, and heating layer 75 and temperature controller 11 are electrically Connection, stirring motor 71 and controller 10 are electrically connected.
Further, 1 inside of cabinet is fixed with cooling cylinder 4, and case by support plate at a side position of detection case 7 1 interior bottom portion of body is equipped with water tank 5 close to the lower position of cooling cylinder 4, support plate upper surface and is located at cooling cylinder 4 and inspection Air-introduced machine 6 is installed between measuring tank 7, water-supply-pipe 42 is connected between the bottom of cooling cylinder 4 and the top of water tank 5, and condense The inside top of case 4 is equipped with cold plate 43, and cooling cylinder 4 is connected with the exhaust pipe through cabinet 1 relative to the side of air-introduced machine 6 41, it is connected with blast pipe 61 between the air intake of air-introduced machine 6 and the side of detection case 7,1 inner wall of cabinet and close to blast pipe 61 Block cover is installed, while the outer wall of block cover offers intensive through-hole at position, under the premise of guaranteeing ventilation, prevents grain quilt It is sucked out, and is connected with air-exhausting duct 62 between the outlet air end of air-introduced machine 6 and the side of cooling cylinder 4, the side of water tank 5, which is connected with, to be passed through The drainpipe 51 of cabinet 1 is worn, air-introduced machine 6 and controller 10 are electrically connected.
Specifically, the two sides of four paddles 73 are symmetrically arranged with rotating plate 74, and rotating plate 74 is by four impeller battle array in a ring Column composition, and rotating plate 74 and paddle 73 are rotatablely connected by sleeve, drive rotating plate 74 to rotate while paddle 73 rotates, with It realizes that grain stirs evenly, reaches grain thermally equivalent, the purpose of flash baking.
It is worth noting that the two sides of the bottom inside cooling cylinder 4 are symmetrically arranged with deflector 44, and two deflectors 44 are equal For triangular structure of right angle, the bottom inside cooling cylinder 4 is set to form infundibulate, convenient for the quick discharge of condensed water.
Further, the bottom of cold plate 43 is equidistant in the horizontal direction opens up there are five tooth socket 431, makes cold plate 43 Zigzag is formed on bottom, increases the contact area of cold plate 43, improves the condensation efficiency of hot gas.
Specifically, 1 side of cabinet is equipped with hood 33 at the external position of conveying motor 32, and hood 33 relative to The side of cabinet 1 offers intensive heat release hole, is convenient for 32 high efficiency and heat radiation of conveying motor.
The working principle and process for using of the utility model: when the utility model is used, worker first switches it on outside Power supply, then added grain in auger conveyor 3 by loading hopper 12, the then work under the control of controller 10 of conveying motor 32 It rotates, and the rotation of conveyer device&apos 31 is driven to convey grain, grain is during auger conveyor 3 conveys by crowded Pressure is pulverized, and smashed grain is discharged into detection case 7 by feed pipe 2, at this time control of the near infrared moisture instrument 8 in controller 10 The lower work of system carries out water content detection to the grain in detection case 7, and will test data-signal and feed back to controller 10, when grain water When dividing few, controller 10, which controls, takes out the work of material machine 9, will test grain in case 7 by feed pipe 91 and extracts out, and by drainage conduit 92 It transfers out and is stored, when excess moisture in grain, controller 10 controls the work rotation of stirring motor 71, and passes through stirring Axis 72 drives paddle 73 to rotate, and to be stirred to grain, in whipping process, grain passes through its own gravity belt turn plate Paddle 73 and 74 two-way stirring of rotating plate are realized in 74 rotations, while worker controls heating layer 75 by temperature controller 11 and works, heating The electric heating block electrified regulation that 75 inside of layer is arranged, to dry to grain in detection case 7, drying is after a certain period of time, close red Free surface moisture instrument 8 detects again, and when grain moisture content is few, the control of controller 10 takes out material machine 9 and works, and will test case by feed pipe 91 Grain is extracted out in 7, and is transferred out and stored by drainage conduit 92, and during the drying process, air-introduced machine 6 is under the control of controller 10 Work rotation, and will test the steam generated when drying in case 7 extraction by blast pipe 61, then passes through air-exhausting duct 62 for steam It discharging into cooling cylinder 4, doped with heat in steam, steam rises and is in contact with cold plate 43, and then steam condenses to the cold, The 431 table wall of tooth socket of 43 bottom of cold plate condenses to form droplet, then drips under the action of its own gravity, and in deflector Water is discharged quickly under the action of 44, under the action of water-supply-pipe 42, is input into water tank 5 and is stored, it is a certain amount of when storing When, water is discharged the water valve on openable drainpipe 51 by drainpipe 51, and condensed steam is discharged by exhaust pipe 41, into And realize the recycling of water resource.
While there has been shown and described that the embodiments of the present invention, for the ordinary skill in the art, It is understood that these embodiments can be carried out with a variety of variations in the case where not departing from the principles of the present invention and spirit, repaired Change, replacement and variant, the scope of the utility model is defined by the appended claims and the equivalents thereof.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of grain moisture content detection device based on electromagnetic wave, including cabinet (1), the inner upper setting of the cabinet (1) Have auger conveyor (3), and the internal lower position close to auger conveyor (3) of cabinet (1) is equipped with detection case (7), institute It states and is connected between auger conveyor (3) and detection case (7) feed pipe (2), the side of the detection case (7) is provided with close red Free surface moisture instrument (8), cabinet (1) interior bottom portion is fixed at a side position of detection case (7) takes out material machine (9), and case It is equipped at the top of body (1) loading hopper (12), is connected with feed pipe (91) between the pumping material machine (9) and detection case (7), and take out Material machine (9) is connected with the drainage conduit (92) through cabinet (1), the auger conveyor (3) relative to one end of feed pipe (91) Including conveyer device&apos (31) and conveying motor (32), the conveyer device&apos (31) are located at the inside of auger conveyor (3), described defeated Material motor (32) is located at cabinet (1) outer wall side, and the front surface of the cabinet (1) is provided with controller (10), the conveying electricity Machine (32) and near infrared moisture instrument (8) are electrically connected with controller (10), it is characterised in that: the bottom of the detection case (7) It is equipped with stirring motor (71), and the inner wall bottom of detection case (7) is provided with heating layer (75), the inside of the detection case (7) It is provided with the agitating shaft (72) with stirring motor (71) rotation connection, and the outer wall of agitating shaft (72) equidistant peace along the vertical direction There are four paddle (73), cabinet (1) front surfaces to be equipped with temperature controller at a side position of controller (10) for dress (11), the heating layer (75) and temperature controller (11) are electrically connected, and the stirring motor (71) and controller (10) are electrically connected.
2. a kind of grain moisture content detection device based on electromagnetic wave according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the cabinet (1) internal to be fixed with cooling cylinder (4) at a side position of detection case (7) by support plate, and cabinet (1) interior bottom portion is leaned on The lower position of nearly cooling cylinder (4) is equipped with water tank (5), the support plate upper surface and is located at cooling cylinder (4) and is detected It is equipped between case (7) air-introduced machine (6), is connected with water-supply-pipe between the bottom of the cooling cylinder (4) and the top of water tank (5) (42), and the inside top of cooling cylinder (4) is equipped with cold plate (43), side of the cooling cylinder (4) relative to air-introduced machine (6) It is connected with the exhaust pipe (41) through cabinet (1), is connected between the air intake of the air-introduced machine (6) and the side of detection case (7) Have blast pipe (61), and is connected with air-exhausting duct (62), the storage between the outlet air end of air-introduced machine (6) and the side of cooling cylinder (4) The side of water tank (5) is connected with the drainpipe (51) through cabinet (1), and the air-introduced machine (6) and controller (10) are electrically connected.
3. a kind of grain moisture content detection device based on electromagnetic wave according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described in four The two sides of paddle (73) are symmetrically arranged with rotating plate (74), and the rotating plate (74) is made of four impeller circular arrays, and Rotating plate (74) and paddle (73) are rotatablely connected by sleeve.
4. a kind of grain moisture content detection device based on electromagnetic wave according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: the condensation The internal two sides of the bottom of case (4) are symmetrically arranged with deflector (44), and two deflectors (44) are triangular structure of right angle, are made Infundibulate is formed on the internal bottom of cooling cylinder (4).
5. a kind of grain moisture content detection device based on electromagnetic wave according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: the condensation Equidistant open up makes the bottom of cold plate (43) form zigzag there are five tooth socket (431) in the horizontal direction for the bottom of plate (43).
6. a kind of grain moisture content detection device based on electromagnetic wave according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the cabinet (1) side is equipped with hood (33) at the external position of conveying motor (32), and hood (33) relative to cabinet (1) one Side offers intensive heat release hole.
CN201822019183.8U 2018-12-04 2018-12-04 A kind of grain moisture content detection device based on electromagnetic wave Expired - Fee Related CN209471043U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201822019183.8U CN209471043U (en) 2018-12-04 2018-12-04 A kind of grain moisture content detection device based on electromagnetic wave

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201822019183.8U CN209471043U (en) 2018-12-04 2018-12-04 A kind of grain moisture content detection device based on electromagnetic wave

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111197920A (en) * 2020-01-13 2020-05-26 肖常菊 Drying equipment for industrial waste treatment

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111197920A (en) * 2020-01-13 2020-05-26 肖常菊 Drying equipment for industrial waste treatment

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
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Granted publication date: 20191008

Termination date: 20201204