CN209439544U - A kind of Four-axis milling center processing spiral bevel gear angle head - Google Patents

A kind of Four-axis milling center processing spiral bevel gear angle head Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209439544U
CN209439544U CN201822120165.9U CN201822120165U CN209439544U CN 209439544 U CN209439544 U CN 209439544U CN 201822120165 U CN201822120165 U CN 201822120165U CN 209439544 U CN209439544 U CN 209439544U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
bevel gear
shell
shaft
dial
axis milling
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201822120165.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
徐文涵
魏冰阳
李智海
刘大可
周伟光
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Henan University of Science and Technology
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Henan University of Science and Technology
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Publication date
Application filed by Henan University of Science and Technology filed Critical Henan University of Science and Technology
Priority to CN201822120165.9U priority Critical patent/CN209439544U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN209439544U publication Critical patent/CN209439544U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of Four-axis milling center processing spiral bevel gear angle heads, the device includes shell, the output shaft for running through shell in shell and being rotatably connected, dynamic bevel gear is fixedly connected on output shaft, it is equipped with and the intermeshing bevel gear shaft of dynamic bevel gear in shell, bevel gear shaft is rotatably supported on shell, and the one end of bevel gear shaft far from shell is connect by the blind rivet on knife handle with main shaft;Dial is set with hull outside is vertical with bevel gear shaft;Dial is equipped with the annular groove that cross section is T shape towards shell side, and dial passes through the fastener that is arranged in annular groove and is detachably connected with shell, by change fastener in the position of annular groove inner circumferential so as to adjusting angle of the cutter relative to main shaft;It is equipped on dial for the positioning pin with the pin hole cooperation inside main shaft.This is reasonable in design reliable, and structure is simple, easy to process, simple and practical, so that the processing of spiral bevel gear may be implemented in Four-axis milling center.

Description

A kind of Four-axis milling center processing spiral bevel gear angle head
Technical field
The utility model relates to spiral bevel gear manufacture fields, process spiral bevel more particularly, to a kind of Four-axis milling center Gear angle head.
Background technique
Spiral bevel gear is widely used in vehicle, engineering machinery, engineering goods field, in the prior art spiral bevel gear Process dedicated tooth milling machine.The machining of tradition machinery formula mill teeth first will according to the parameter of added work gear to horizontal wheels position, Workhead offset, wheel blank established angle, bed, knife position, cradle angle, index change gear etc. are adjusted correspondingly, and setting for machine is complicated.Specially It is expensive with numerical control spiral bevel gear milling machine, it is difficult to adapt to single and mini-batch production customization production, especially to Intelligent integrated Production has biggish limitation.
Utility model content
In view of this, the purpose of the utility model is to provide a kind of Four-axis milling center processing spiral bevel gear angles The numerical control processing of spiral bevel gear can be realized in head.
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem used technical solution is the utility model:
A kind of Four-axis milling center processing spiral bevel gear angle head, which includes shell, is run through in shell Shell is rotatably equipped with the output shaft for connecting with cutter, is fixedly connected with dynamic bevel gear on output shaft, sets in shell There is the bevel gear shaft perpendicular with output shaft, bevel gear shaft has one and the intermeshing drive bevel gear of dynamic bevel gear, Bevel gear shaft is rotatably supported on shell, is fixedly connected with knife handle far from one end of shell in bevel gear shaft, bevel gear shaft is logical The blind rivet crossed on knife handle is connect with main shaft;Dial is set with hull outside is vertical with bevel gear shaft;
Dial is equipped with the annular groove that cross section is T shape, the center line of annular groove and the axis of bevel gear shaft towards shell side Coincide setting, and dial passes through the fastener being arranged in annular groove and is detachably connected with shell, by changing fastener in ring The position of slot inner circumferential is so as to adjust angle of the output shaft relative to main shaft, to realize angle of the adjustment cutter relative to main shaft Degree;It is equipped on dial for the positioning pin with the pin hole cooperation inside main shaft.
Further, the shell is made of the cylinder I and cylinder II of vertical connection, the two opposite open ends cylinder I It is removably connected with housing end plug, housing end plug is equipped with the circular hole passed through for output shaft.
Further, the open end of cylinder II flange with outward extension, dial pass through the fastening being located in the T-shaped groove Part and flanged joint.
Further, it is accommodated in the cylinder II useful in two bearings for supporting and positioning bevel gear shaft.
Further, dial is equipped with one and encloses the baffle ring extended to inside cylinder II, and it is convex that a circle is equipped with inside cylinder II It rises, baffle ring and protrusion are located at the two sides of bearing to position and spring bearing.
Further, scale disk center is axially arranged with the seal groove that a circle places sealing ring, sealing ring and bevel gear along it Axis cooperates with seal casinghousing.
Further, the output shaft is cannulated sleeve, and output shaft is detachably connected with the cutter for being located at its both ends.
The utility model has the advantages that
As described above, a kind of Four-axis milling center processing spiral bevel gear angle head of the utility model, has following The utility model has the advantages that
1: the Four-axis milling center processing spiral bevel gear angle head of the utility model, using dynamic bevel gear with mutually nibble The elastic of fastener adjusts and the angle of fixed cutting tool between the bevel gear shaft cooperation shell and dial T-slot of conjunction, this is practical New structural design is rationally reliable, is not only simple in structure, easy to process, and simple and practical, expands Four-axis milling center Application range, so that processing spiral bevel gear may be implemented in Four-axis milling center.
2: passing through being detachably connected for cutter and output shaft, it is easy to accomplish the replacement to cutter.
Further specific detailed description is done to the utility model below with reference to embodiment the drawings and specific embodiments.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to illustrate the embodiment of the utility model or the technical proposal in the existing technology more clearly, below will be to embodiment Or attached drawing needed in the prior art is briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is only this Some embodiments of utility model, for those of ordinary skill in the art, without creative efforts, also Other drawings may be obtained according to these drawings without any creative labor.
Fig. 1 is the cross-sectional view of angle head in the utility model.
Fig. 2 is angle head scheme of installation in the utility model.
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram that the utility model angle head is mounted on Four-axis milling center processing spiral bevel gear.
Diagram label, 1, housing end plug, 2, output shaft, 3, dynamic bevel gear, 4, shell, 401, cylinder I, 402, cylinder II, 5, bearing, 6, bevel gear shaft, 7, dial, 8, positioning pin, 9, knife handle, 10, blind rivet, 11, lathe bed, 12, workbench, 13, point Scale, 14, spiral bevel gear blank, 15, cutter, 16, angle head, 17, main shaft, 18, slide unit, 19, sliding case.
Specific embodiment
The core of the utility model is to provide a kind of Four-axis milling center processing spiral bevel gear angle head, general to solve The problem of logical Four-axis milling center is unable to processing spiral bevel gear, expands the application range of machining center.With traditional tooth milling machine The technology of processing is compared, it is possible to reduce the machine adjustment time when work pieces process while reducing the use cost of lathe, is realized The Full-numerical-controlization of spiral bevel gear is processed.
Fig. 1-2 is please referred to, Fig. 1 provides the cross-sectional view of angle head by the utility model;Fig. 2 is angle in the utility model Head scheme of installation.A kind of Four-axis milling center processing spiral bevel gear angle head, which includes shell 4, in shell 4 It is interior to can be rotated the output shaft 2 being equipped with for connecting with cutter 15 through shell 4, dynamic bevel gear is fixedly connected on output shaft 2 3, it is equipped with the bevel gear shaft 6 perpendicular with output shaft 2, shaft bevel gears axle 6 and the non-coaxial setting of output shaft 2 in shell, bores tooth Wheel shaft 6 has one and the intermeshing drive bevel gear of dynamic bevel gear 3, and bevel gear shaft 6 is rotatably supported on shell 4, It is fixedly connected with knife handle 9 far from one end of shell 4 in bevel gear shaft 6, bevel gear shaft 6 passes through the blind rivet 10 and main shaft on knife handle 9 17 connections.Wherein, the dynamic bevel gear 3 can be different with the number of teeth on bevel gear shaft 6, constitutes certain reduction ratio, can be with Enhance the torque of tool sharpening spiral bevel gear, the Four-axis milling center for keeping power of motor small also can process spiral bevel using dise knife Gear.
It is vertical with bevel gear shaft 6 outside shell 4 to be set with dial 7;Dial 7 is equipped with transversal towards 4 side of shell Face is the annular groove of T shape, and the center line of annular groove and the axis of bevel gear shaft 6 coincide setting, and dial 7 is by setting in annular groove Fastener be detachably connected with shell 4, by changing fastener in the position of annular groove inner circumferential so as to adjusting output shaft 2 Relative to the angle of main shaft 17, to realize angle of the adjustment cutter 15 relative to main shaft 17;On dial 7 be equipped with for master The positioning pin 8 of pin hole cooperation inside axis 17.
When needing the angle of rotary cutter 15, nut in loosening fasteners, bolt is still threaded through on shell 4 at this time, Holding shell 4 tightly drives the bolt in fastener to be rotated to the respective angles of dial 7 together, then nut is tightened, this Process realizes the adjustment to cutting-tool angle.Wherein, to be tightly fastened shell 4 and dial 7 without deflecting, fastener Quantity at least two.
It should be noted that the concentric both ends of output shaft 2 can place two kinds of different cutters of specification 15 in shell 4, it can With processed in once clamping two kinds of different models spiral bevel gear blank 14 or same size under slightly cut, fine cut Cutter 15 can carry out roughing respectively to spiral bevel gear blank 14, finishing.
Further, the shell 4 is made of the cylinder I 401 and cylinder II 402 of vertical connection, and cylinder I 401 two Opposite open end is removably connected with housing end plug 1, and housing end plug 1 is equipped with the circular hole passed through for output shaft 2.Cylinder II 402 open end flange with outward extension, dial 7 pass through the fastener being located in the T-shaped groove and flanged joint.
Further, it is accommodated in the cylinder II 402 useful in two bearings 5 for supporting and positioning bevel gear shaft 6.In detail Carefully, dial 7 is equipped with one and encloses the baffle ring extended to inside cylinder II 402, and a circle protrusion is equipped with inside cylinder II 402, Baffle ring and protrusion are located at the two sides of bearing 5 to position and spring bearing 5.
Optionally, 7 center of dial is axially arranged with the seal groove that a circle places sealing ring, sealing ring and bevel gear shaft along it 6 cooperations are with seal casinghousing 4.
Wherein, the output shaft 2 is cannulated sleeve, and output shaft 2 is detachably connected with the cutter 15 for being located at its both ends.
Referring to FIG. 3, Fig. 3 show the schematic diagram that angle head is mounted on Four-axis milling center processing spiral bevel gear.Make When industry, power transmission to bevel gear shaft 6, drive bevel gear shaft 6 and the dynamic bevel gear 3 engaged of main shaft 17 is rotated, Middle bevel gear shaft 6 is connect with bearing 5, then by 2 power transmission of output shaft in dynamic bevel gear 3 to process tool 15.Pass through sliding case 19 X-axis and the Y-axis of workbench 11 link to form circular motion, simulate angular knife position, radial in traditional swing platform of tooth milling machine The generating motion of formation.The X-axis of the Z axis of slide unit 18 and sliding case 19 links to form linear motion, simulates traditional tooth milling machine bed, control The flank of tooth cutting-in of spiral bevel gear processed.The A axis of index dial 13 cooperates the X-axis of sliding case 19, the Y-axis of workbench 12 linkage simulation tradition Tooth milling machine ratio of roll gears control bull wheel steamboat transforms into processing tooth socket, and to spiral bevel gear blank after processing a tooth socket 14 are indexed.Cutter axis orientation indexing means reduces setting for machine process when work pieces process, while reducing use cost, Energy-saving and environment-friendly effect is reached.The positional relationship between all parts is made full use of, while capable of making compact-sized as far as possible Reach preferable transmission effect.
A kind of Four-axis milling center processing spiral bevel gear provided by the utility model is carried out with angle head above It is discussed in detail, specific case used herein is expounded the principles of the present invention and specific embodiment, above-mentioned Embodiment is only used to help to understand the method and core concept of the utility model.It should be pointed out that for the ordinary skill of this field For personnel, any simple modification made by the above technical examples according to the technical essence of the present invention, equivalent variations With modification, each fall in the protection scope of the utility model.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of Four-axis milling center processing spiral bevel gear angle head, it is characterised in that: the angle head includes shell (4), It can be rotated the output shaft (2) being equipped with for connecting with cutter (15) through shell (4) in shell (4), fixed on output shaft (2) Dynamic bevel gear (3) are connected with, the bevel gear shaft (6) perpendicular with output shaft (2), bevel gear shaft (6) tool are equipped in shell There are one and dynamic bevel gear (3) intermeshing drive bevel gear, bevel gear shaft (6) is rotatably supported on shell (4), Bevel gear shaft (6) is fixedly connected with knife handle (9) far from the one end of shell (4), and bevel gear shaft (6) passes through the blind rivet on knife handle (9) (10) it is connect with main shaft (17);It is vertical with bevel gear shaft (6) outside shell (4) to be set with dial (7);
Dial (7) is equipped with the annular groove that cross section is T shape, center line and bevel gear shaft (6) of annular groove towards shell (4) side Axis coincides setting, and dial (7) passes through the fastener being arranged in annular groove and is detachably connected with shell (4), passes through change Fastener, so as to adjust angle of the output shaft (2) relative to main shaft (17), is adjusted in the position of annular groove inner circumferential with realizing Angle of the cutter (15) relative to main shaft (17);It is equipped on dial (7) for the pin hole cooperation internal with main shaft (17) Positioning pin (8).
2. a kind of Four-axis milling center processing spiral bevel gear angle head according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: institute It states shell (4) to be made of the cylinder I (401) and cylinder II (402) of vertical connection, (401) the two opposite open ends cylinder I can Dismantling connection has housing end plug (1), and housing end plug (1) is equipped with the circular hole passed through for output shaft (2).
3. a kind of Four-axis milling center processing spiral bevel gear angle head according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: circle The open end flange with outward extension of cylinder II (402), dial (7) passes through the fastener being located in the T-shaped groove and flange connects It connects.
4. a kind of Four-axis milling center processing spiral bevel gear angle head according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: institute It states and accommodates useful two bearings (5) in support and positioning bevel gear shaft (6) in cylinder II (402).
5. a kind of Four-axis milling center processing spiral bevel gear angle head according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: carve Scale (7) is equipped with a circle and extends to the internal baffle ring of cylinder II (402), and a circle protrusion, baffle ring are equipped with inside cylinder II (402) The two sides of bearing (5) are located at protrusion to position and spring bearing (5).
6. a kind of Four-axis milling center processing spiral bevel gear angle head according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: carve Scale (7) center is axially arranged with the seal groove that a circle places sealing ring along it, and sealing ring and bevel gear shaft (6) cooperate with capsul Body (4).
7. a kind of Four-axis milling center processing spiral bevel gear angle head according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: institute Stating output shaft (2) is cannulated sleeve, and output shaft (2) is detachably connected with the cutter (15) for being located at its both ends.
CN201822120165.9U 2018-12-18 2018-12-18 A kind of Four-axis milling center processing spiral bevel gear angle head Expired - Fee Related CN209439544U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201822120165.9U CN209439544U (en) 2018-12-18 2018-12-18 A kind of Four-axis milling center processing spiral bevel gear angle head

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201822120165.9U CN209439544U (en) 2018-12-18 2018-12-18 A kind of Four-axis milling center processing spiral bevel gear angle head

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111283270A (en) * 2020-04-03 2020-06-16 山东华成中德传动设备有限公司 Chamfering processing method for flywheel gear ring for diesel engine
CN112720061A (en) * 2020-12-15 2021-04-30 山西江淮重工有限责任公司 Connecting mechanism for indexing of machine tool angle head with indexing value of 5 degrees
CN113427285A (en) * 2021-06-04 2021-09-24 广州市昊志机电股份有限公司 Angle head and machine tool

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111283270A (en) * 2020-04-03 2020-06-16 山东华成中德传动设备有限公司 Chamfering processing method for flywheel gear ring for diesel engine
CN112720061A (en) * 2020-12-15 2021-04-30 山西江淮重工有限责任公司 Connecting mechanism for indexing of machine tool angle head with indexing value of 5 degrees
CN112720061B (en) * 2020-12-15 2022-09-02 山西江淮重工有限责任公司 Connecting mechanism and connecting method for indexing of machine tool angle head with indexing value of 5 degrees
CN113427285A (en) * 2021-06-04 2021-09-24 广州市昊志机电股份有限公司 Angle head and machine tool

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GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20190927

Termination date: 20191218

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee