CN209396703U - From centering threader - Google Patents

From centering threader Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209396703U
CN209396703U CN201822003002.2U CN201822003002U CN209396703U CN 209396703 U CN209396703 U CN 209396703U CN 201822003002 U CN201822003002 U CN 201822003002U CN 209396703 U CN209396703 U CN 209396703U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fixed plate
threader
centering
friction pulley
gear
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CN201822003002.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
胡立峰
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Shanghai Cable You Intelligent Technology Co Ltd
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Shanghai Cable You Intelligent Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201822003002.2U priority Critical patent/CN209396703U/en
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Abstract

The utility model relates to one kind from centering threader, including driving mechanism, fixed plate and the threading mechanism being set in fixed plate, threading mechanism includes line sending unit and several groups friction pulley, one cable passes through several groups friction pulley along the extending direction of fixed plate, every group of friction pulley includes two symmetrically arranged friction pulleys, driving mechanism drives fixed plate rotation and reciprocally swinging so that cable is directed at the threading hole of a drum, and line sending unit drives friction wheel from rotation described in several groups so that cable passes through the threading hole.The present apparatus can be realized the self-threading work of cable, and the speed of service is fast, movement is accurate and is not necessarily to artificial.

Description

From centering threader
Technical field
The utility model relates to cable continuous production technical field, more particularly to it is a kind of from centering threader.
Background technique
Cable includes optical cable, cable etc., and cable is mainly used for connecting control panel to transmit electric power being in daily life Common and indispensable basic electric power accessory.During some cables are manufactured, it is often necessary to will make At cable wound up according to certain dimensions, then tied up with harness, to facilitate storage, transport and sale.
The production of cable has continuity, need to be truncated and collect respectively when collecting, and cable and damper ends need to be fixed quickly.Mesh Before, major diameter cable, which is collected, to be drawn cable and damper ends by manpower and is penetrated in the fixation threading hole of take-up carrier (drum), according to What compressing carrier generated when by cable tensioning is frictionally held in carrier.This process needs manually to thread repeatedly, cumbersome, consumption When it is too long.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide one kind from centering threader, can be realized automatic Quick-threading, reduces Downtime improves the efficiency of threading.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model provides a kind of from centering threader, including driving mechanism, fixation Plate and the threading mechanism being set in the fixed plate, the threading mechanism include line sending unit and several groups friction pulley, a line Cable passes through friction pulley described in several groups along the extending direction of the fixed plate, and friction pulley described in every group includes two and is symmetrical arranged Friction pulley, the driving mechanism drives that the fixed plate rotates and reciprocally swinging is so that the cable is directed at the threading of a drum Hole, the line sending unit drives friction wheel from rotation described in several groups so that the cable passes through the threading hole.
Optionally, the driving mechanism includes rotary drive unit and the first cylinder, and the rotary drive unit includes driving Dynamic motor and the rotary shaft connecting with the driving motor, one end of the fixed plate and the rotary shaft are hinged, and described first The both ends of cylinder are fixed with the rotary shaft and the fixed plate respectively, and the piston of first cylinder is stretched out or retracted to drive The fixed plate reciprocally swinging.
Optionally, described from centering threader further includes clamp system, and the clamp system includes the second cylinder and right Claim two swing arms of setting, the middle part of each swing arm is set in the fixed plate by a fixing axle, two pendulum One end of arm is rotatablely connected with two friction pulleys in friction pulley described in one group respectively, and the other end is connected by a connecting rod, When second cylinder drives the connecting rod to move along the extending direction of the fixed plate, two swing arms are solid around it simultaneously System of Rotating about Fixed Axis, so that two friction pulleys in friction pulley described in every group are close to each other or separate.
Optionally, the friction pulley and the swing arm are all set in the side of the fixed plate, the line sending unit and institute State the other side that the second cylinder is all set in the fixed plate.
Optionally, the line sending unit includes stepper motor and the gear set that connect with the stepper motor, the gear Group is connect with two friction pulleys in friction pulley described in one group, to drive the friction wheel from rotation.
Optionally, the gear set includes that driving gear, two symmetrically arranged duplicate gears and two are symmetrically arranged Driven gear, a duplicate gear are engaged with a driven gear, the driving gear and stepping electricity Machine is connected and is engaged with two duplicate gears, to drive the duplicate gear and the driven gear to rotate.
Optionally, a driven gear is corresponding with a friction pulley in one group of friction pulley, described in driving Friction wheel from rotation.
Optionally, the quantity of the gear set is several, and the group number of the quantity of the gear set and the friction pulley It is identical.
Optionally, described from centering threader further includes pattern, threading groove is provided in the pattern, the cable is worn It crosses the threading groove and is back to another threading hole of the drum.
Optionally, the rotary shaft is hollow rotary shaft.
The utility model drives the fixed plate rotation and reciprocally swinging by driving mechanism, so that the cable alignment line The threading hole of disk, the line sending unit drive friction wheel from rotation described in several groups so that the cable moves through the threading Hole realizes quick and unattended cable threading work, reduces downtime, improve threading efficiency.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the overall schematic provided by the embodiment of the utility model from centering threader;
Fig. 2 is the fragmentary bottom schematic diagram provided by the embodiment of the utility model from centering threader;
In figure: 11- support base;12- driving motor;13- worm gear mechanism;14- rotary shaft;15- fixed pin shaft;16- First cylinder;20- fixed plate;The second cylinder of 31-;32- drawhead;33- pull rod;34- connecting rod;35- swing arm;36- fixing axle; 41- stepper motor;42- shaft coupling;43- drive shaft;44- drives gear;45- duplicate gear;46- driven gear;47- friction Wheel;48- guide wheel;50- pattern;60- cable;70- drum.
Specific embodiment
Specific embodiment of the present utility model is described in more detail below in conjunction with schematic diagram.It is retouched according to following It states, will be become apparent from feature the advantages of the utility model.It should be noted that attached drawing is all made of very simplified form and uses Non-accurate ratio, only to convenient, lucidly aid illustration the utility model embodiment purpose.
As shown in Figures 1 and 2, it present embodiments provides a kind of from centering threader, including driving mechanism, fixed plate 20 And it is set to the threading mechanism in the fixed plate 20, and the threading mechanism includes line sending unit and several groups friction pulley 47, and one Cable 60 passes through friction pulley 47 described in several groups along the extending direction of the fixed plate 20, and friction pulley 47 described in every group includes two A symmetrically arranged friction pulley 47, the driving mechanism drive the rotation of fixed plate 20 and reciprocally swinging so that the cable 60 It is directed at the threading hole of a drum 70, the rotation of friction pulley 47 described in the line sending unit driving several groups is so that the cable 60 passes through The threading hole.
Further, the driving mechanism includes rotary drive unit and the first cylinder 16, the rotary drive unit packet The rotary shaft 14 for including driving motor 12 and being connect with the driving motor 12, one end of the fixed plate 20 and the rotary shaft 14 Hingedly, the both ends of first cylinder 16 are fixed with the rotary shaft 14 and the fixed plate 20 respectively, first cylinder 16 Piston stretch out or retract to drive 20 reciprocally swinging of fixed plate.
The driving motor 12 is set on a support base 11, and is connected by worm gear mechanism 13 and the rotary shaft 14 It connects.The two sides baffle center of the drum is provided with threading hole, and the cable will penetrate drum, need to be in one with the threading hole of drum Determine angle.The rotary shaft 14 is set to the center of the support base 11 by bearing, and the worm gear mechanism 13 includes phase The worm gear mutually engaged and worm screw, the worm gear set be set to the rotary shaft 14 on, the worm screw engaged with the worm gear and with institute State the connection of driving motor 12.The front end of the rotary shaft 14 is provided with fixed pin shaft 15, one end of the fixed plate 20 with it is described Fixed pin shaft 15 connects, and keeps the fixed plate 20 and the rotary shaft 14 hinged.When the driving motor 12 operation, pass through institute Stating worm gear mechanism 13 drives the rotary shaft 14 around its axial-rotation, while making to be set to described in the rotary shaft 14 Fixed plate 20 is rotated together with it.
The both ends of first cylinder 16 are fixed with the rotary shaft 14 and the fixed plate 20 respectively, first cylinder 16 ontology is set in the fixed plate 20, and connecting pin, first cylinder 16 are provided on the outer wall of the rotary shaft 14 Piston connect by the connecting pin with the rotary shaft 14.First cylinder 16 can be straight line cylinder, described first The piston of cylinder 16 makees reciprocal telescopic movement, makes the fixed plate 20 around 15 reciprocally swinging of fixed pin shaft.In this way, described solid Fixed board 20 is while rotating, under the action of the first cylinder 16, additionally it is possible to make around the fixed pin shaft 15 past Physical pendulum is dynamic, makes the threading hole of the cable alignment drum.In the present embodiment, the fixed plate 20 is set as swinging 30 degree every time Angle.Alternatively, it is also possible to according to actual needs, locating piece be arranged in rotary shaft 14, to limit to the fixed plate 20, it is limited Swing angle.
Further, referring to Fig.2, described from centering threader further includes clamp system, the clamp system includes the Two cylinders 31 and symmetrically arranged two swing arms 35, the middle part of each swing arm 35 are set to described solid by a fixing axle 36 On fixed board 20, one end of two swing arms 35 connects with two rotations of friction pulley 47 in friction pulley 47 described in one group respectively It connects, the other end is connected by a connecting rod 34, and second cylinder 31 drives the connecting rod 34 along the extension of the fixed plate 20 When direction is mobile, two swing arms 35 are rotated around its fixing axle 36 simultaneously, so that two institutes in friction pulley 47 described in every group It is close to each other or separate to state friction pulley 47.
Specifically, each swing arm 35 respectively passes through center symmetric setting of the fixing axle 36 about the fixed plate 20, often One end of a swing arm 35 is provided with the friction pulley 47, and the other end and the connecting rod 34 are hinged, two connecting rods 34 and pull rod 33 are connected to same position, form connecting rod swing arm structure.The pull rod 33 is set to the middle part of the fixed plate 20, described in pulling Pull rod 33 drives the connecting rod 34 to make each swing arm 35 that can rotate by a certain angle around the fixing axle 36.
Second cylinder 31 is set in the fixed plate 20, and the piston of second cylinder 31 and the pull rod 33 Connection.One end that the pull rod 33 is connect with second cylinder 31 is provided with drawhead 32, since the second cylinder 31 is mounted on The upper surface of fixed plate 20, and the pull rod 33 is arranged in the inside of fixed plate 20, the central axis of second cylinder 31 with The axial centerline of the pull rod 33 is not in same plane, so setting drawhead 32, passes through drawhead 32 and described second Cylinder 31 connects, and in the present embodiment, the drawhead 32 is L-shaped.The piston of second cylinder 31 passes through drawhead 32 and institute It states pull rod 33 to be fixedly connected, when the piston rod of second cylinder 31 is towards close to the stretching of the direction of the support base 11, driving The pull rod 33 pulls two connecting rods 34 to move along the extending direction of the fixed plate 20 simultaneously, makes two swing arms 35 rotate around its fixing axle 36 simultaneously, to keep the friction pulley 47 in two swing arms 35 close to each other to clamp cable simultaneously 60;When 31 counter motion of the second cylinder, makes the friction pulley 47 in two swing arms 35 while being located remotely from each other to unclamp line Cable 60.
Further, the line sending unit includes stepper motor 41 and the gear set that connect with the stepper motor 41, institute It states gear set to connect with two friction pulleys 47 in friction pulley 47 described in one group, to drive the friction pulley 47 to rotate.
Specifically, the line sending unit further includes drive shaft 43, the drive shaft 43 is located at the top of the pull rod 33, and It being connect by shaft coupling 42 with the stepper motor 41, the stepper motor 41 is fixedly installed in the fixed plate 20, and with First cylinder 16 is located at the ipsilateral of the fixed plate 20.The stepper motor 41 drives the drive shaft 43 to rotate, to drive The friction pulley 47 is moved to rotate.
Further, the gear set includes that gear 44, two symmetrically arranged duplicate gears 45 of driving and two are symmetrical The driven gear 46 of setting, a duplicate gear 45 are engaged with a driven gear 46, the driving gear 44 connect with the stepper motor 41 and engage with two duplicate gears 45, to drive the duplicate gear 45 and described Driven gear 46 rotates.One driven gear 46 is corresponding with a friction pulley 47 in one group of friction pulley 47, to drive The friction pulley 47 is moved to rotate.
Specifically, being arranged with the driving gear 44 in the drive shaft 43, the driving gear 44 can be straight interlocking tooth Wheel, and the driving gear 44 is intermeshed with a gear in symmetrically arranged duplicate gear 45 simultaneously.The duplex-gear Wheel 45 includes two coaxially connected gears, is all set in fixing axle 36, the rotation of one of gear, then another gear with Make rotating Vortex together.In the present embodiment, the gear being located above in the duplicate gear 45 is less than underlying gear, The gear and the driving gear 44 being located above are intermeshed, and underlying gear is engaged with the driven gear 46.When The stepper motor 41 operates, and drives the drive shaft 43 that the driving gear 44 is driven to rotate, makes and the driving gear 44 Two duplicate gears 45 rotation of engagement, and then rotate two driven gears 46.By each driven gear 46 and institute It states friction pulley 47 to be fixedly connected, therefore, two friction pulleys 47 rotate simultaneously therewith, to drive the line by frictional force Cable 60 is mobile.
Further, the quantity of the gear set is several, and the quantity of the gear set and the friction pulley 47 Group number is identical.
In addition, being symmetrically arranged with guide wheel 48 close to the both ends of the swing arm 35, the guide wheel 48 has elasticity, Ke Yixiang For cable 60 make it is small move radially, can play the role of in threading process keep 60 location status of cable.
Further, described from centering threader further includes pattern 50, is provided with threading groove in the pattern 50, described Cable 60 passes through the threading groove and is back to another threading hole of the drum 70.Specifically, two side baffles of drum 70 Center is provided with threading hole, and the setting of pattern 50 is on the outside of drum 70, and the notch pair of the threading groove of the pattern 50 The threading hole of directrix disk 70 enters pattern 50 after being pierced by cable 60 from 70 inside threading hole of drum, inside pattern 50 Threading groove makes cable 60 turn back, then penetrates in the other side threading hole of drum 70, is hidden in this section of cable 60 in drum 70, just It is used in fixed and detection.The pattern 50 can using after wear-resisting alloy steel processing through Surface heat-treatent, wearing in pattern 50 The section shape of wire casing be circular arc, and angle be greater than 100 degree, threading groove inner surface smooth abrasion-proof, the resistance to sliding to cable 60 Smaller, cable 60 after threading hole is pierced by, changes direction by pattern 50 from 70 inside of drum.
Further, there is through-hole inside the rotary shaft 14, be hollow rotary shaft 14, the cable 60 is from the rotation Axis 14 enters away from one end of the fixed plate 20, stretches out from the other end of rotary shaft 14.
When in use, the driving motor 12 is powered to be run and drives the rotation by worm gear mechanism 13 present apparatus Axis 14 rotates, to make the fixed plate 20 rotate together with rotary shaft 14, while first cylinder 16 is flexible so that fixed Plate 20 is swung around fixed pin shaft 15, so that the cable 60 is directed at the threading hole of drum 70, second cylinder 31 stretches out at this time So that pull rod 33 pulls the connecting rod 34 of two sides mobile, so that two swing arms 35 be made to rotate around its fixing axle 36, make the pendulum Friction pulley 47 on arm 35 is close to each other simultaneously and clamps cable 60.Stepper motor 41, which is powered, at this time runs, thus described in driving Drive shaft 43 drives driving gear 44 to rotate, and makes duplicate gear 45 that the driven gear 46 be driven to rotate, so make with it is described from The friction pulley 47 that moving gear 46 connects rotates together with, thus mobile by frictional force drives cable 60.
In the present embodiment, the equal 6mm of guide wheel groove radius of all guide wheels 48, and diameter of the guide wheel 48 relative to the cable 60 To moving distance about 2mm, therefore application diameterCable.
To sum up, provided by the embodiment of the utility model a kind of in middle threader, institute is driven by driving mechanism Fixed plate rotation and reciprocally swinging are stated, so that the threading hole of cable alignment drum, is driven several by the line sending unit For the group friction wheel from rotation so that the cable moves through the threading hole, the quick and unattended cable of realization threads work Make, reduces downtime, improve threading efficiency.
The preferred embodiment that above are only the utility model, does not play the role of any restrictions to the utility model. Any person of ordinary skill in the field, in the range of not departing from the technical solution of the utility model, to the utility model The technical solution and technology contents of exposure make the variation such as any type of equivalent replacement or modification, belong to without departing from the utility model Technical solution content, still fall within the protection scope of the utility model.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of from centering threader, which is characterized in that including driving mechanism, fixed plate and be set in the fixed plate Threading mechanism, the threading mechanism include line sending unit and several groups friction pulley, a cable along the fixed plate extension side To friction pulley described in several groups is passed through, friction pulley described in every group includes two symmetrically arranged friction pulleys, and the driving mechanism is driven The fixed plate rotation and reciprocally swinging are moved so that the cable is directed at the threading hole of a drum, the line sending unit driving is several The group friction wheel from rotation is so that the cable passes through the threading hole.
2. as described in claim 1 a kind of from centering threader, which is characterized in that the driving mechanism includes rotation driving Unit and the first cylinder, the rotary drive unit includes driving motor and the rotary shaft that connect with the driving motor, described One end of fixed plate and the rotary shaft are hinged, and the both ends of first cylinder are solid with the rotary shaft and the fixed plate respectively Fixed, the piston of first cylinder is stretched out or is retracted to drive the fixed plate reciprocally swinging.
3. as described in claim 1 a kind of from centering threader, which is characterized in that described to further include from centering threader Clamp system, the clamp system include the second cylinder and symmetrically arranged two swing arms, are passed through in the middle part of each swing arm One fixing axle is set in the fixed plate, and one end of two swing arms is respectively and described in two in friction pulley described in one group Friction pulley rotation connection, the other end are connected by a connecting rod, and second cylinder drives the connecting rod along the fixed plate When extending direction is mobile, two swing arms are rotated around its fixing axle simultaneously, so that described in two in friction pulley described in every group Friction pulley is close to each other or separate.
4. as claimed in claim 3 a kind of from centering threader, which is characterized in that the friction pulley and the swing arm are all provided with It is placed in the side of the fixed plate, the line sending unit and second cylinder are all set in the other side of the fixed plate.
5. as described in claim 1 a kind of from centering threader, which is characterized in that the line sending unit includes stepper motor And the gear set connecting with the stepper motor, two friction pulleys in friction pulley described in the gear set and one group connect It connects, to drive the friction wheel from rotation.
6. as claimed in claim 5 a kind of from centering threader, which is characterized in that the gear set include driving gear, Two symmetrically arranged duplicate gears and two symmetrically arranged driven gears, a duplicate gear and one it is described driven Gear is engaged, and the driving gear connect with the stepper motor and engages with two duplicate gears, with driving The duplicate gear and driven gear rotation.
7. as claimed in claim 6 a kind of from centering threader, which is characterized in that a driven gear rubs with one group The friction pulley wiped in wheel is corresponding, to drive the friction wheel from rotation.
8. as claimed in claim 5 a kind of from centering threader, which is characterized in that the quantity of the gear set is several It is a, and the quantity of the gear set is identical as the group number of the friction pulley.
9. as described in claim 1 a kind of from centering threader, which is characterized in that described to further include from centering threader Pattern, threading groove is provided in the pattern, and the cable passes through the threading groove and is back to another threading of the drum Hole.
10. as claimed in claim 2 a kind of from centering threader, which is characterized in that the rotary shaft is hollow rotary shaft.
CN201822003002.2U 2018-11-30 2018-11-30 From centering threader Active CN209396703U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201822003002.2U CN209396703U (en) 2018-11-30 2018-11-30 From centering threader

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201822003002.2U CN209396703U (en) 2018-11-30 2018-11-30 From centering threader

Publications (1)

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CN209396703U true CN209396703U (en) 2019-09-17

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113571333A (en) * 2021-06-30 2021-10-29 浙江田中精机股份有限公司 Main shaft threading clamping mechanism

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113571333A (en) * 2021-06-30 2021-10-29 浙江田中精机股份有限公司 Main shaft threading clamping mechanism

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