CN209326746U - A kind of magnetic-electric sensing formula level detecting device and system - Google Patents

A kind of magnetic-electric sensing formula level detecting device and system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209326746U
CN209326746U CN201920103608.5U CN201920103608U CN209326746U CN 209326746 U CN209326746 U CN 209326746U CN 201920103608 U CN201920103608 U CN 201920103608U CN 209326746 U CN209326746 U CN 209326746U
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storage unit
magnetic
float
level detecting
electric sensing
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CN201920103608.5U
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Inventor
李垚奇
贺巍
张璐
许士超
李守广
王凤
徐一斐
法源
高小榆
冯元铎
汪伟明
王党席
王静
刘昕谦
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Earthquake Administration Of Shaanxi Province
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Earthquake Administration Of Shaanxi Province
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of magnetic-electric sensing formula level detecting devices, including end cap, upper storage unit, isolation part, lower storage unit, float, permanent magnet, radio emitting mould train, upper storage unit upper end is connected with end cap, upper storage unit lower end is connected with lower storage unit, and isolation part is equipped between upper storage unit and lower storage unit;Radio emitting mould train is equipped with inside upper storage unit;Float is equipped in lower storage unit, buoy upper is equipped with permanent magnet, and permanent magnet triggers radio emitting mould train and forms magnetic-electric sensing generating loop.The utility model structure is simple and convenient to operate, fashionable, small in size, light-weight, high sensitivity, and accuracy of measurement is high, and measurement error is small, the advantages that small, signal easily recognizes, system reliability is high is influenced by well depth, is suitable for promoting the use of.

Description

A kind of magnetic-electric sensing formula level detecting device and system
Technical field
The utility model belongs to magnetoelectricity detection device technology field, and in particular to a kind of magnetic-electric sensing formula level detecting device And system.
Background technique
Currently, the hydrostatic level inspection well in seismic precursor water-level observation, the overwhelming majority require periodically to instrument at home Carry out water level calibration.It is carried out currently, generalling use copper survey clock in water level calibration, it is soft to hang on length for survey clock in use On ruler, clock will be surveyed and be suspended from water level logging system, survey clock is put down, the sound can be issued when surveying clock and being lowered into the contact water surface, tested repeatedly Optimal contact position is found out several times, reads water level depth.This method is in actual operation sometimes because water level is led more deeply It causes contact sound sound smaller, is difficult to be calibrated personnel's accurate recognition and comes out.
From calibration principle, water level calibration device after all for be a kind of easy level measuring instrument, state at present The interior research about level measuring instrument is most of all to be concentrated on the level measuring of hydrology and water conservancy, dam etc., and water is broadly divided into Float-type (more traditional), pressure type, photo-electric, electric pole type etc. are several.
The mechanical level measuring of water float is to belong to a kind of more traditional measurement method, in the water-level observation of getting up early The level measuring instrument using float measurement is crossed in middle application, the present mechanical level measuring of water float base in seismic industry Originally it is eliminated.
Pressure type level measurement device has many advantages, such as high sensitivity, it can be achieved that high-density sampling, but due to being by hydraulic pressure It is converted to electric signal to measure, when water level logging system well head is unclosed, needs to consider that atmospheric pressure measures pressure sensor The influence of accuracy, therefore in entire measuring system, it is also necessary to it installs atmosphere measuring sensor additional and water level pressure sensor is surveyed It obtains signal and carries out pressure correction.But since general two pressure sensors are in placement location difference, ambient temperature difference is right Accuracy of measurement will also result in certain influence.
It is core component that photo-electric floodometer, which is using laser range finder, but in level measuring, for light transmittance Preferable water body, water surface laser reflectivity is not high, accurately measures using only laser range finder is difficult to realize.This In measurement method, need to arrange reflective buoy in water.
Electrode type water level sensor is to use two electrodes as sensor, into the water, uses water as conductor connection Two electrode forming circuits generate electric signal, and issue indication signal.Such measurement method is influenced by fluid to be measured electric conductivity, Weak for electric conductivity or even nonconducting liquid can not just measure.
Therefore a kind of high sensitivity is needed, signal easily recognizes, the level detecting device that measurement accuracy is good, error is small.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is the service performance in order to improve existing level detecting device, according to magnetic-electric sensing original Reason provides a kind of easy, efficient magnetic-electric sensing formula level detecting device.
Realizing the technical solution that is solved of above-mentioned purpose is: a kind of magnetic-electric sensing formula level detecting device, including end cap, on Storage unit, isolation part, lower storage unit, float, permanent magnet, radio emitting mould train, the upper storage unit upper end and end cap phase Connection, upper storage unit lower end are connected with lower storage unit, and isolation part is equipped between upper storage unit and lower storage unit;The upper storage It deposits and is equipped with radio emitting mould train inside portion;Float is equipped in the lower storage unit, buoy upper is equipped with permanent magnet, permanent magnet It triggers radio emitting mould train and forms magnetic-electric sensing generating loop.
Further, the radio emitting mould train includes the first MCU module, wireless transmitter module, power supply and dry spring Pipe, the first connecting pin of the first MCU module are electrically connected with wireless transmitter module, the second connection end and power supply of the first MCU module Electrical connection, the third connecting pin of the first MCU module is electrically connected with tongue tube;The tongue tube is arranged in radio emitting mould train Bottom;It is equipped with fixed deep gouge among the isolation part, for fixing tongue tube, and further shortens tongue tube and permanent magnet Distance;The end cap top is additionally provided with fixed ear, for connecting measuring device.
Further, the upper storage unit lower end and lower storage unit can directly pass through mosaic texture or the side of helicitic texture Formula is connected;Or upper storage unit, isolation part are connected with the mode that lower storage unit passes sequentially through splicing;The isolation part with The position that lower storage unit upper end is connected is equipped with air inlet, and lower storage unit bottom is equipped with water inlet, and water inlet is equipped with fixed part, Prevent float from losing in the case where not influencing water flow entrance.
Further, the air inlet is at least provided with one;Fixed part by way of splicing or screw be fixed on into On the mouth of a river.
Further, the float upper surface center is equipped with permanent magnet;Float is upper and lower within the scope of lower storage unit Movement.
Further, ball-type, at least uniform six permanent magnets of branch on spherical surface are presented in the float.
Further, the float is rendered as square figure, and the maximum outside diameter of square is less than in lower storage unit Diameter is respectively equipped with permanent magnet on the center in six faces of square.
Further, a kind of magnetic-electric sensing formula water-level detecting system further includes human-computer interaction device and surveyors' staff, measurement Scale one end is connected with human-computer interaction device, and the other end is connected by fixed ear with end cap;The human-computer interaction device It is equipped with buzzer, LED flashing lamp, wireless receiving module, the second MCU module and power supply;The first of second MCU module Connecting pin is electrically connected with wireless receiving module;The second connection end of second MCU module is electrically connected to a power source;Second MCU module Third connecting pin is electrically connected with LED flashing lamp;4th connecting pin of the second MCU module is electrically connected with buzzer;Buzzer and LED Flashing lamp is arranged at human-computer interaction device upper surface.
Further, the human-computer interaction device further includes take-up pulley and turning handle, and the take-up pulley is arranged man-machine Interactive device front position, the turning handle are arranged in take-up pulley side;Human-computer interaction device can lead to radio emitting mould train The mode for crossing wired or wireless transmission transmits signal, and then passes through buzzer and LED flashing lamp display alarm.
The utility model structure is simple and convenient to operate, fashionable, small in size, light-weight, high sensitivity, and measurement is accurate Degree is high, and measurement error is small, the advantages that small, signal easily recognizes, system reliability is high is influenced by well depth, is suitable for promoting the use of.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of the section structure of the utility model.
Fig. 2 is the overall structure diagram of the utility model.
Fig. 3 is the top cover overlooking structure diagram of the utility model.
Fig. 4 is the bottom upward structural schematic diagram of the utility model.
Fig. 5 is the radio emitting mould train frame structure schematic diagram of the utility model.
Fig. 6 is the human-computer interaction device frame structure schematic diagram of the utility model.
Fig. 7 is that device workflow schematic diagram is surveyed in the water level school of the utility model.
In figure: the lower storage unit of the fixed deep gouge 4. in 3. isolation part 301. of storage unit in 1. end cap, 101. fixed ear 2. 401. air inlet, 402. water inlet, 5. float, 6. fixed part, 7. first 8. second MCU module of MCU module, 9. radio hair Penetrate 13. tongue tube of mould group 10. permanent magnet, 11. wireless transmitter module, 12. power supply, 14. human-computer interaction device 15. measurement mark 16. wireless receiving module of ruler, 17. 19. take-up pulley of buzzer 18.LED flashing lamp, 20. turning handle.
Specific embodiment
For the ease of the understanding of those skilled in the art, the utility model work is further retouched below with reference to embodiment It states.
As shown in attached drawing 1, Fig. 3-5, the utility model provides a kind of magnetic-electric sensing formula level detecting device, including end cap 1, Upper storage unit 2, isolation part 3, lower storage unit 4, float 5, permanent magnet 10, radio emitting mould train 9, upper 2 upper end of storage unit and end Lid 1 is connected, it is preferred that is connected using engagement thread;Upper 2 lower end of storage unit is connected with lower storage unit 4, upper storage unit 2 with Isolation part 3 is equipped between lower storage unit 4;Radio emitting mould train 9 is equipped with inside upper storage unit 2;Float is equipped in lower storage unit 4 5,5 top of float is equipped with permanent magnet 10, and permanent magnet 10 triggers radio emitting mould train 9 and forms magnetic-electric sensing generating loop.
Radio emitting mould train 9 include the first MCU module 7, wireless transmitter module 11, power supply 12 and tongue tube 13, first First connecting pin of MCU module 7 is electrically connected with wireless transmitter module 11,12 electricity of second connection end and power supply of the first MCU module 7 Connection, the third connecting pin of the first MCU module 7 is electrically connected with tongue tube 13;Tongue tube 13 is arranged at 9 bottom of radio emitting mould train Portion;It is equipped with fixed deep gouge 301 among isolation part 3, for fixing tongue tube 13, and further shortens tongue tube 13 and permanent magnet 10 Distance;1 top of end cap is additionally provided with fixed ear 101, for connecting measuring device;Tongue tube 13 is normally normally opened shape State, when there is magnet close to tongue tube 13, tongue tube 13 is influenced by magnets magnetic fields and is connected, by the on-off of tongue tube as identification Signal is identified by alarm module, to work.
Upper 2 lower end of storage unit can be directly connected by way of mosaic texture or helicitic texture with lower storage unit 4;Or Upper storage unit 2, isolation part 3 are connected with the mode that lower storage unit 4 passes sequentially through splicing;Isolation part 3 and lower 4 upper end phase of storage unit The position of connection is equipped with air inlet 401, and air inlet 401 is at least provided with one;Fixed part 6 is by way of splicing or screw is solid It is scheduled on water inlet 402;Lower 4 bottom of storage unit is equipped with water inlet 402, and water inlet 402 is equipped with fixed part 6, is not influencing water Stream prevents float 5 from losing in the case where entering;5 upper surface center of float is equipped with permanent magnet 10;Float 5 is in lower storage unit 4 It moves up and down in range;Ball-type, at least uniform six permanent magnets 10 of branch on spherical surface are presented in float 5;Float 5 is rendered as square Type, the maximum outside diameter of square are less than lower 4 internal diameter of storage unit, are respectively equipped with permanent magnetism on the center in six faces of square Body 10.
As shown in Fig. 2, Fig. 6-7, a kind of magnetic-electric sensing formula water-level detecting system is filled in a kind of magnetic-electric sensing formula water-level detecting It further include human-computer interaction device 14 and surveyors' staff 15 on the basis of setting, 15 one end of surveyors' staff is connected with human-computer interaction device 14 It connects, the other end is connected by fixed ear 101 with end cap 1;Human-computer interaction device 14 is equipped with buzzer 17, LED flashing lamp 18, wireless receiving module 16, the second MCU module 8 and power supply 12;First connecting pin of the second MCU module 8 and wireless receiving module 16 electrical connections;The second connection end of second MCU module 8 is electrically connected with power supply 12;The third connecting pin of second MCU module 8 and LED Flashing lamp 18 is electrically connected;4th connecting pin of the second MCU module 8 is electrically connected with buzzer 17;Buzzer 17 and LED flashing lamp 18 are arranged at 14 upper surface of human-computer interaction device;Buzzer 17 and LED flashing lamp 18 are arranged on human-computer interaction device 14 Surface;Human-computer interaction device 14 further includes take-up pulley 19 and turning handle 20, and the setting of take-up pulley 19 is in 14 front end of human-computer interaction device position It sets, turning handle 20 is arranged in 19 side of take-up pulley;Human-computer interaction device 14 and radio emitting mould train 9 can pass through wired or wireless biography Defeated mode transmits signal, and then passes through 18 display alarm of buzzer 17 and LED flashing lamp.
Preferably, PT2262/2272 conduct is respectively adopted in radio transmitting and receiving chip the first MCU module 7, the second MCU module 8 The core architecture of signal transmission, PT2262/2272 chip are the radio transmitting and receiving chip of 8 bit encryptions linkage latch-up-free, and a hair one is received, Encrypted transmission, multiple groups chip are worked at the same time, are not interfere with each other.
Preferably, power supply 12 uses DC~DC module for power supply, advantage are as follows: Width funtion input, voltage stabilization and current stabilization output, design Complexity is greatly lowered, and system power supply reliability, stability greatly improve.This power supply 12 is inputted using 9~36V, 5V1W The voltage stabilization and current stabilization way of output, load capacity are strong.
In use, arrive first at measurement well, measurement is marked by take-up pulley 19 on human-computer interaction device 14 and turning handle 20 Ruler 15 pulls out, and one end is fixed in the fixed ear 101 on end cap 1 by screw;Then human-computer interaction device 14 is held, by lower storage It deposits portion 4 and is suspended from water level logging system center, transmitted downwards along center;Instantly it is floating in lower storage unit 4 after storage unit 4 contacts the water surface Son 5 acts on float downward in water buoyancy, and drives permanent magnet 10 close to isolation part 3, further, makes permanent magnet 10 apart from dry spring Pipe 13 is closer, and permanent magnet 10 will pass through magneticaction driving tongue tube 13 and be connected;The conducting of tongue tube 13 is to emit radio The conducting of 9 circuit of mould group, and wireless transmitter module 11 is made to emit electric signal, wireless transmitter module 11 outwardly issues the contact water surface Electric signal;After wireless receiving module 16 receives electric signal, electric signal promotes buzzer 17 and LED flashing lamp 18 to send out The signal of the water surface is contacted, survey crew can determine the depth of measurement well according to the data of surveyors' staff 15 at this time;After measurement Surveyors' staff 15 can be packed up by 20 rotary wire-reeling wheel 19 of turning handle.
The utility model structure is simple and convenient to operate, fashionable, small in size, light-weight, high sensitivity, and measurement is accurate Degree is high, and measurement error is small, the advantages that small, signal easily recognizes, system reliability is high is influenced by well depth, is suitable for promoting the use of.
The above, the only preferred embodiment of the utility model cannot limit the utility model practical range with this;It is all According to simple equivalent changes and modifications made by present utility model application the scope of the patents and creation description, this should still belong to In the range of utility model patent is covered.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of magnetic-electric sensing formula level detecting device, including end cap (1), upper storage unit (2), isolation part (3), lower storage unit (4), float (5), permanent magnet (10), radio emitting mould train (9), which is characterized in that upper storage unit (2) upper end and end Lid (1) is connected, and upper storage unit (2) lower end is connected with lower storage unit (4), sets between upper storage unit (2) and lower storage unit (4) There are isolation part (3);Radio emitting mould train (9) are equipped with inside the upper storage unit (2);It is set in the lower storage unit (4) Have float (5), float (5) top is equipped with permanent magnet (10), and permanent magnet (10) triggers radio emitting mould train (9) and forms magnetoelectricity biography Feel generating loop.
2. a kind of magnetic-electric sensing formula level detecting device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the radio transmitting Mould group (9) includes the first MCU module (7), wireless transmitter module (11), power supply (12) and tongue tube (13), the first MCU module (7) the first connecting pin is electrically connected with wireless transmitter module (11), the second connection end of the first MCU module (7) and power supply (12) Electrical connection, the third connecting pin of the first MCU module (7) is electrically connected with tongue tube (13);The tongue tube (13) is arranged in nothing Line electricity emitting mould train (9) bottom;It is equipped among the isolation part (3) fixed deep gouge (301), for fixing tongue tube (13), And further shorten tongue tube (13) at a distance from permanent magnet (10);Described end cap (1) top is additionally provided with fixed ear (101).
3. a kind of magnetic-electric sensing formula level detecting device according to claim 1 or claim 2, which is characterized in that the upper storage Portion (2) lower end can be directly connected by way of mosaic texture or helicitic texture with lower storage unit (4);Or upper storage unit (2), isolation part (3) are connected with the mode that lower storage unit (4) passes sequentially through splicing;The isolation part (3) and lower storage unit (4) position that upper end is connected is equipped with air inlet (401), and lower storage unit (4) bottom is equipped with water inlet (402), water inlet (402) It is equipped with fixed part (6), prevents float (5) from losing in the case where not influencing water flow and entering.
4. a kind of magnetic-electric sensing formula level detecting device according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the air inlet (401) at least provided with one;Fixed part (6) is by way of splicing or screw is fixed on water inlet (402).
5. a kind of magnetic-electric sensing formula level detecting device according to claim 3, which is characterized in that on the float (5) Centre of surface position is equipped with permanent magnet (10);Float (5) moves up and down in lower storage unit (4) range.
6. a kind of magnetic-electric sensing formula level detecting device according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the float (5) is in Show ball-type, at least uniform six permanent magnets (10) of branch on spherical surface.
7. a kind of magnetic-electric sensing formula level detecting device according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the float (5) is in It is now square type, the maximum outside diameter of square is less than lower storage unit (4) internal diameter, on the center in six faces of square It is respectively equipped with permanent magnet (10).
8. a kind of magnetic-electric sensing formula water-level detecting system comprising a kind of magnetic-electric sensing formula described in claim 1-7 any one Level detecting device, which is characterized in that further include human-computer interaction device (14) and surveyors' staff (15), surveyors' staff (15) one end It is connected with human-computer interaction device (14), the other end is connected by fixed ear (101) with end cap (1);The human-computer interaction Device (14) is equipped with buzzer (17), LED flashing lamp (18), wireless receiving module (16), the second MCU module (8) and power supply (12);First connecting pin of second MCU module (8) is electrically connected with wireless receiving module (16);Second MCU module (8) Second connection end be electrically connected with power supply (12);The third connecting pin of second MCU module (8) is electrically connected with LED flashing lamp (18); 4th connecting pin of the second MCU module (8) is electrically connected with buzzer (17);Buzzer (17) and LED flashing lamp (18) are respectively provided with In human-computer interaction device (14) upper surface.
9. a kind of magnetic-electric sensing formula water-level detecting system according to claim 8, which is characterized in that the human-computer interaction dress Setting (14) further includes take-up pulley (19) and turning handle (20), and the take-up pulley (19) setting is in human-computer interaction device (14) front end position It sets, the turning handle (20) is arranged in take-up pulley (19) side;Human-computer interaction device (14) can lead to radio emitting mould train (9) The mode for crossing wired or wireless transmission transmits signal, and then passes through buzzer (17) and LED flashing lamp (18) display alarm.
CN201920103608.5U 2019-01-22 2019-01-22 A kind of magnetic-electric sensing formula level detecting device and system Active CN209326746U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920103608.5U CN209326746U (en) 2019-01-22 2019-01-22 A kind of magnetic-electric sensing formula level detecting device and system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920103608.5U CN209326746U (en) 2019-01-22 2019-01-22 A kind of magnetic-electric sensing formula level detecting device and system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN209326746U true CN209326746U (en) 2019-08-30

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