CN209305202U - A kind of self-cleaning formula blackboard device - Google Patents

A kind of self-cleaning formula blackboard device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209305202U
CN209305202U CN201721683843.1U CN201721683843U CN209305202U CN 209305202 U CN209305202 U CN 209305202U CN 201721683843 U CN201721683843 U CN 201721683843U CN 209305202 U CN209305202 U CN 209305202U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
blackboard
motor
lead screw
microcontroller
shaft
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201721683843.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李晋宁
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shaanxi Jun Zheng Education Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Shaanxi Jun Zheng Education Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Priority to CN201721683843.1U priority Critical patent/CN209305202U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN209305202U publication Critical patent/CN209305202U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a kind of self-cleaning formula blackboard devices, including blackboard and the cleaning mechanism that is arranged on blackboard, cleaning mechanism include the first motor that the side of blackboard is set, shaft, be arranged in blackboard top and bottom lead screw, erasing apparatus, microcontroller and magnetic induction close to limit switch;Shaft is vertically arranged, and upper part and lower part are respectively equipped with drive bevel gear;One end of lead screw is equipped with driven wheel of differential, and driven wheel of differential engages to form Bevel Gear Transmission structure with drive bevel gear, and lead screw rotation is driven when shaft rotation to realize;Erasing apparatus can pump.The utility model automatically controls erasing apparatus by motor and microcontroller and carries out wiping blackboard, easy to use, saves manpower.The utility model is moved toward one another simultaneously by two erasing apparatus or reverse motions, so that wiping efficiency is doubled, saves the time of wiping blackboard, student is enable efficiently to learn.

Description

A kind of self-cleaning formula blackboard device
Technical field
The utility model belongs to teaching aid technical field, and in particular to a kind of self-cleaning formula blackboard device.
Background technique
In education activities, blackboard and chalk are the essential tools imparted knowledge to students, although having there is multimedia teaching at present, Blackboard is still most ancient, most convenient also most practical educational aid, and most of places to operate schools are still using.Chalk is also to pass The tool for broadcasting culture is widely used in education activities because its material is simple, cheap.Blackboard uses nature few not Blackboard eraser, it can easily rub off chalk marks, bring convenience for teaching.This traditional blackboard has to user's hand Dynamic erasing chalk writing, dust from flying in air, be deposited in below blackboard, seriously endanger the health of teachers and students.Although existing Having technology also has the device and blackboard eraser that blackboard can be wiped with Mechanical course, but occupancy time in classroom is longer when wiping, low efficiency.
Utility model content
In order to solve the problems, such as blackboard-cleaning inefficiency existing in the prior art, the utility model provides one kind certainly Removing formula blackboard device.The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions: a kind of self-cleaning formula is black Panel assembly, including blackboard, the cleaning mechanism being arranged on blackboard, start stop switch and microcontroller, the cleaning mechanism includes setting Set the first motor in the side of blackboard, shaft, be arranged in blackboard top and bottom lead screw and be arranged on lead screw Erasing apparatus;
The shaft is vertically arranged and the output axis connection of its lower end and the first motor, the upper and lower part point of shaft It She You not drive bevel gear;Lead screw is rotatablely connected by the both sides of bearing and blackboard, and the length direction of lead screw with it is described black The length direction of plate is parallel, and one end of lead screw is equipped with driven wheel of differential, and driven wheel of differential engages to be formed with the drive bevel gear Bevel Gear Transmission structure drives the lead screw to rotate to realize when shaft rotation;
The erasing apparatus includes support frame, the second motor, double rack movement parts and partial gear, the upper end of support frame Portion and lower end pass through nut and connect with the lead screw, and the second motor is installed in the middle part of support frame, the output of the second motor Axis is connect with the partial gear, and partial gear is engaged with the rack gear of the double rack movement parts;The double rack movement Part is slidably connected by position-limited rack and support frame as described above;
It is respectively equipped with fixed link at the top and bottom of the double rack movement parts, is installed with scrubbing brush in fixed link;
The start stop switch and microcontroller are arranged on the control box of blackboard side, the input terminal of the microcontroller with The output end of the start stop switch connects, input terminal, the second motor of the output end of the microcontroller and the first motor Input terminal connection.
Further, the side of the blackboard is equipped with touch display screen and speech player, the touch display screen and institute The connection of microcontroller interactive mode is stated, the output end of the microcontroller and the input terminal of speech player connect.
It is carried out the utility model has the beneficial effects that the utility model automatically controls erasing apparatus by motor and microcontroller Blackboard is wiped, it is easy to use, save manpower.By bevel gear transmission can stable drive, pass through a same time control of motor Make multiple rotating mechanism rotations, save the cost;The utility model passes through the erasing apparatus being arranged on lead screw, when lead screw rotates When, erasing apparatus movement is driven, blackboard is wiped;Second motor drives scrubbing brush up and down reciprocatingly to wipe blackboard, wipes efficiency Height, microcontroller control first motor positive and negative rotation to realize the movement and limit of erasing apparatus, can be realized automation, user Just quick, it is time saving and energy saving.
The utility model is described in further details below with reference to accompanying drawings and embodiments.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of self-cleaning formula blackboard;
Fig. 2 is the schematic block circuit diagram of self-cleaning formula blackboard.
Specific embodiment
Reach the technical means and efficacy that predetermined purpose is taken for the utility model is further described, below in conjunction with attached drawing And embodiment, to specific embodiment of the present utility model, structure feature and its effect, detailed description are as follows.
In the description of the invention, it is to be understood that term " center ", " longitudinal direction ", " transverse direction ", "upper", "lower", The orientation or positional relationship of the instructions such as "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outside" is It is based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, is merely for convenience of description the invention and simplifies description, rather than indicate Or imply that signified device or element must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a specific orientation, therefore cannot understand For the limitation to the invention.
In addition, term " first ", " second ", " third " etc. are used for description purposes only, it is not understood to indicate or imply Relative importance or the quantity for implicitly indicating indicated technical characteristic.The feature of " first ", " second " etc. is defined as a result, It can explicitly or implicitly include one or more of the features.In the description of the invention, unless otherwise indicated, The meaning of " plurality " is two or more.
Term " installation ", " connected ", " connection " shall be understood in a broad sense, for example, it may be being fixedly connected, be also possible to removable Connection is unloaded, or is integrally connected;It can be mechanical connection, be also possible to be electrically connected;It can be directly connected, it can also be in Between medium be indirectly connected, can be the connection inside two elements.For the ordinary skill in the art, can pass through Concrete condition understands concrete meaning of the above-mentioned term in the invention.
In order to solve the problems, such as blackboard-cleaning manual operation low efficiency existing in the prior art, as shown in Figure 1, this implementation Example provides a kind of self-cleaning formula blackboard device, including blackboard 1, the cleaning mechanism being arranged on blackboard 1, start stop switch 14 and micro-control Device 15 processed, cleaning mechanism include the first motor 2, shaft 3, the top and bottom that blackboard 1 is arranged in that the side of blackboard 1 is arranged in Lead screw 4 and the erasing apparatus that is arranged on lead screw 4.Mechanical course wiping blackboard in the prior art is mostly from the one of blackboard Then to the other end wiping is repeated, the wiping time is long, occupies a large amount of time in classroom, reduces the work of teacher in end wiping Make efficiency and the learning efficiency of student.The erasing apparatus of the present embodiment also can be moved back and forth vertically while transverse movement, It vertically is wiped repeatedly blackboard to realize, further improves wiping efficiency, valuable time in classroom has been saved for academics and students. The transverse movement of erasing apparatus and vertical motion can be respectively controlled start and stop as needed.
Shaft 3 is vertically arranged and the output axis connection of its lower end and first motor 2, the upper and lower part of shaft 3 are set respectively There is drive bevel gear 8;Lead screw 4 is rotatablely connected by the both sides of bearing and blackboard 1, and the length direction of lead screw 4 and blackboard Length direction is parallel, and one end of lead screw 4 is equipped with driven wheel of differential 9, and driven wheel of differential 9 engages formation cone tooth with drive bevel gear 8 Drive mechanism is taken turns, drives lead screw 4 to rotate when realizing that shaft 3 rotates.The present embodiment uses bevel gear transmission, makes blackboard 1 The lead screw while uniform force of top and bottom, stable drive, and drive two lead screws 4 to move with a motor, save the cost.
Erasing apparatus includes support frame 10, the second motor, double rack movement parts 12 and partial gear 13, support frame 10 Upper and lower end passes through nut and connect with lead screw 4, and the second motor is installed in the middle part of support frame 10, the second motor it is defeated Shaft is connect with partial gear 13, and partial gear 13 is engaged with the rack gear of double rack movement parts 12;Double rack movement parts 12 It is slidably connected by position-limited rack 18 and support frame as described above 10;Fixed link 16 is respectively equipped at the top and bottom of double rack movement parts 12, Scrubbing brush 17 is installed in fixed link 16;First motor 2 and the work of the second motor are controlled by start stop switch 14 and microcontroller 15, Second motor 2 drives partial gear 13 to rotate, and partial gear 13 drives double rack movement parts 12 to pump, thus Scrubbing brush 17 is driven up and down reciprocatingly to wipe blackboard by fixed link 16.
As shown in Fig. 2, start stop switch 14 and microcontroller 15 are arranged on the control box of 1 side of blackboard, microcontroller 15 Input terminal connect with the output end of start stop switch 14, the input terminal of the output end of microcontroller 15 and first motor 2, the second electricity The input terminal of machine connects.Start stop signal is sent to microcontroller 15 by start stop switch 14, microcontroller 15 executes set Program controls first motor 2 by motor drive module, the second motor generates corresponding movement, finally realizes that motor drives scrubbing brush Chalk writing on 17 erasing blackboards.The microcontroller 15 of the present embodiment uses its alloytype such as STC89C52 type or AT89S52 type The drive modules such as L298N or ULN2003 can be used in number microcontroller, motor drive module.
In the present embodiment L298N motor drive module acceptable standard TTL logic level signal VSS, VSS can connect 4.5~ 7V voltage.4 foot VS connect supply voltage, and VS voltage range VIH is+2 .5~46V, export electric current up to 2A, can drive inductive Load.The emitter of 1 foot and 15 underfooting pipes individually draws to access current sampling resistor, forms current sensing signal. Two motors are driven with one piece of L298N motor drive module, motor can be connect between OUT1, OUT2 and OUT3, OUT4 respectively. L298N the 5th, 7,10,12,6,10 feet connect microcontroller P10, P11, P12, P13, P14, P15 I/O input control level respectively, Control the positive and negative rotation of motor.
Further, the side of blackboard 1 is equipped with touch display screen 21 and speech player 22, touch display screen 21 and micro-control The interactive connection of device 15 processed, the output end of microcontroller 15 are connect with the input terminal of speech player 22.Teachers and students can pass through touch The item and setting time that the input of the program of display screen 21 and microcontroller 15 is needed to pay attention to and reminded, such as e-courses table Deng, after the time of setting arrives, the broadcasting voice prompting of speech player 22.Touch display screen 21 and speech player 22 being capable of bases Teacher's needs to remind student, reduces the workload of teacher, improves the efficiency of teaching of teacher.
The working process of the utility model is as follows: when needing the chalk writings on erasing blackboard, open start stop switch 14, start and stop Switch 14 is switched including first motor, and the second motor switch and vacuum cleaner switch, microcontroller 15 pass through motor drive module First motor 2, the second motor and dust catcher 20 is driven to work, when first motor 2 works, lead screw 4 is rotated, and support frame 10 starts Transverse movement, so that scrubbing brush 17 be driven to start the chalk on erasing blackboard, microcontroller executes set process control first Motor 2 forward or reverse, changes the direction of motion of support frame 10;When second motor works, driving partial gear 13 is rotated, no Complete gear 13 drives double rack movement parts 12 to pump, so that scrubbing brush 17 can pump, while left and right is moved It is dynamic, blackboard is wiped.
It, cannot the above content is specific preferred embodiment further detailed description of the utility model is combined Assert that the specific implementation of the utility model is only limited to these instructions.For the ordinary skill of the utility model technical field For personnel, without departing from the concept of the premise utility, a number of simple deductions or replacements can also be made, should all regard To belong to the protection scope of the utility model.

Claims (2)

1. a kind of self-cleaning formula blackboard device, including blackboard (1), the cleaning mechanism, the start stop switch (14) that are arranged on blackboard (1) With microcontroller (15), it is characterised in that: the cleaning mechanism include setting the side of blackboard (1) first motor (2), turn Axis (3), setting the top and bottom of blackboard (1) lead screw (4) and erasing apparatus on lead screw (4) is set;
The shaft (3) is vertically arranged and the output axis connection of its lower end and the first motor (2), the top of shaft (3) and Lower part is respectively equipped with drive bevel gear (8);Lead screw (4) is rotatablely connected by the both sides of bearing and blackboard (1), and lead screw (4) Length direction it is parallel with the length direction of the blackboard, one end of lead screw (4) is equipped with driven wheel of differential (9), driven wheel of differential (9) it engages to form Bevel Gear Transmission structure with the drive bevel gear (8), when realizing the shaft (3) rotation described in drive Lead screw (4) rotation;
The erasing apparatus includes support frame (10), the second motor, double rack movement parts (12) and partial gear (13), support The upper and lower end of frame (10) passes through nut and connect with the lead screw (4), and the second motor is installed in support frame (10) Middle part, the output shaft of the second motor are connect with the partial gear (13), and partial gear (13) and the double rack move The rack gear of part (12) engages;The double rack movement parts (12) are slidably connected by position-limited rack (18) with support frame as described above (10);
It is respectively equipped with fixed link (16) at the top and bottom of the double rack movement parts (12), fixed link is installed with scrubbing brush on (16) (17);
The start stop switch (14) and microcontroller (15) are arranged on the control box of blackboard (1) side, the microcontroller (15) input terminal is connect with the output end of the start stop switch (14), the output end and described first of the microcontroller (15) The input terminal connection of the input terminal, the second motor of motor (2).
2. a kind of self-cleaning formula blackboard device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the side of the blackboard (1) is set There are touch display screen (21) and speech player (22), the touch display screen (21) and the microcontroller (15) are interactive even It connects, the output end of the microcontroller (15) is connect with the input terminal of speech player (22).
CN201721683843.1U 2017-12-07 2017-12-07 A kind of self-cleaning formula blackboard device Expired - Fee Related CN209305202U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721683843.1U CN209305202U (en) 2017-12-07 2017-12-07 A kind of self-cleaning formula blackboard device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721683843.1U CN209305202U (en) 2017-12-07 2017-12-07 A kind of self-cleaning formula blackboard device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN209305202U true CN209305202U (en) 2019-08-27

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201721683843.1U Expired - Fee Related CN209305202U (en) 2017-12-07 2017-12-07 A kind of self-cleaning formula blackboard device

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111038153A (en) * 2019-12-09 2020-04-21 杭州电子科技大学 Blackboard capable of automatically cleaning dust and dust cleaning method thereof
CN114211899A (en) * 2021-12-21 2022-03-22 河北华发教育科技股份有限公司 Automatic clear wisdom blackboard

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111038153A (en) * 2019-12-09 2020-04-21 杭州电子科技大学 Blackboard capable of automatically cleaning dust and dust cleaning method thereof
CN114211899A (en) * 2021-12-21 2022-03-22 河北华发教育科技股份有限公司 Automatic clear wisdom blackboard

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GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20190827

Termination date: 20191207

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee