CN209269848U - A kind of medical hitch frame - Google Patents

A kind of medical hitch frame Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209269848U
CN209269848U CN201821703422.5U CN201821703422U CN209269848U CN 209269848 U CN209269848 U CN 209269848U CN 201821703422 U CN201821703422 U CN 201821703422U CN 209269848 U CN209269848 U CN 209269848U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
bend
medical
guide groove
supporting plate
hitch frame
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201821703422.5U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
尤玉伟
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Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine
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Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine
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Publication date
Application filed by Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine filed Critical Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine
Priority to CN201821703422.5U priority Critical patent/CN209269848U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN209269848U publication Critical patent/CN209269848U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of medical hitch frames, including lying bed ontology, traction component, bend slide assembly and slide unit, lying bed ontology is made of ABS plate, lifting column, double fork load-bearing pillars and snap-gauge, and lifting top end is bolted with ABS board bottom portion, lifting column bottom end is disposed through the center at the top of double fork load-bearing pillars, and is connected with double fork load-bearing pillars by being set to the fastening bolt screw-in of this pair fork load-bearing pillar side;The side of ABS plate is equipped with insertion guide groove, snap-gauge is welded between double fork load-bearing pillars, the insertion of snap-gauge side is fixed with thread bush, being internally embedded for thread bush is provided with screw rod, and precession cooperates between screw rod and thread bush, compared with existing medical hitch frame, with can carry out effectively firm to patient and can quickly remove, it helps medical staff steadily to implement to perform the operation, while the more convenient patient suitable for different body length, and does not influence independently to perform the operation between kneecap and fibula.

Description

A kind of medical hitch frame
Technical field
The utility model relates to hitch frame technical fields, are especially a kind of medical hitch frame.
Background technique
The leg bone of human body is divided into lower limb girdle and bones of free lower limb, lower limb girdle, that is, hipbone, and bones of free lower limb includes stock Bone, kneecap, shin bone, fibula and 7 pieces of shanks, 5 pieces of metatarsals and 14 pieces of phalanxes, traction are the common treatment methods of orthopaedics, cooperation The implementation of hitch frame auxiliary traction art can effectively improve traction effect, and medical staff is helped to sue and labour, and improve Rehabilitation effect Rate.Retrieval discovery, the utility model of patent No. CN203609556U disclose a kind of leg traction frame, including traction frame body and First supporting surface;First supporting surface is connected with the main support arm of the two sides of traction frame body.
The analysis found that existing hitch frame can not carry out inductivity traction for patient's lower limb, to patient's tractive unit Position, which consolidate, is also not suitable for different body length patient, while after having drawn shin bone and fibula position, the position of femur and kneecap Since patient legs merge, it has not been convenient to which medical staff draws.
In view of the above-mentioned problems, inventor combines the knowledge in textbook and practice, a medical hitch frame is devised, is had Patient can be carried out effectively firm and can quickly removed, help medical staff steadily to implement to perform the operation, while being more convenient to be suitable for The patient of different body length, and do not influence independently to perform the operation between kneecap and fibula.
Utility model content
Therefore, in order to solve above-mentioned deficiency, the utility model provides a kind of medical hitch frame herein, and having can be to patient It carries out effectively firm and can quickly remove, medical staff is helped steadily to implement to perform the operation, while is more convenient suitable for different body length Patient, and do not influence independently to perform the operation between kneecap and fibula.
The utility model is realized in this way constructing a kind of medical hitch frame, including lying bed ontology, traction component, song Rail slide assembly and slide unit, it is characterised in that: lying bed ontology is made of ABS plate, lifting column, double fork load-bearing pillars and snap-gauge, and is risen Drop top end is bolted with ABS board bottom portion, and lifting column bottom end is disposed through the center at the top of double fork load-bearing pillars, And the fastening bolt for pitching load-bearing pillar side by being set to this pair with double fork load-bearing pillars is screwed in and is connected;The side of ABS plate is equipped with insertion Guide groove, snap-gauge are welded between double fork load-bearing pillars, and the insertion of snap-gauge side is fixed with thread bush, and thread bush is internally embedded setting There is screw rod, and precession cooperates between screw rod and thread bush.
Traction component includes symmetrically arranged supporting plate, and the bottom of supporting plate is equipped with a column, and column top passes through with supporting plate It is bolted, column bottom end is equipped with the first idler wheel;The side of supporting plate is connected with tension spring, and tension spring one end is welded with card, card Insertion is set in guide groove, and keeps opposite sliding with guide groove.
Bend slide assembly includes the first bend, the second bend and reinforces fixed strip, and the first bend and the second bend End is fixedly connected by reinforcing fixed strip;The surface of first bend and the second bend offers first sliding groove, the first idler wheel Insertion is set in first sliding groove and keeps rolling cooperation with first sliding groove;The surface of slide unit offers parallel and symmetrical setting Second sliding slot, the first bend and the second bend bottom are equipped with the second idler wheel corresponding with second sliding slot position, and the second idler wheel It keeps rolling cooperation with second sliding slot.
Further, the surface of ABS plate and supporting plate is pasted with foam-rubber cushion by jelly, can be mentioned by the foam-rubber cushion of setting The comfort that height lies low to patient.
Further, the side of supporting plate is fixed with bandage by fastening screw, and the width of bandage is larger will not to oppress patient, Simultaneously can be more stable between supporting plate and bandage immobilized patients lower limb, help medical staff steadily implement traction.
Further, one end of screw rod is equipped with chuck, and chuck and the second bend, by screw connection, screw rod is another End is connected with crank, and for shaking screw rod, the moving point due to shaking screw rod one end and chuck connects the crank by setting, The fixed point of chuck is connect with the second bend, drives the second bend to be moved using screw rod, while the second idler wheel is sliding second It is rolled in slot, separates entire bend slide assembly movement with slide unit, supporting plate at this time is also separated with lying bed ontology, and tension spring is also located It in tensional state, can be used for the patient of different building shape lower limb, while be conducive to the traction back and forth of shin bone, improve traction Efficiency of the practice.
Further, guide groove one end is equipped with and takes film perforation, and takes film perforation to communicate with guide groove, and the diameter of guide groove is bigger In the diameter of card, make to be able to maintain activity between supporting plate in activity in guide groove by the card of setting, when traction is implemented In the process in case of emergency, it is only necessary to card be moved into guide groove one end and taken out by taking in film perforation for top, make to hold in the palm Plate is dismantled, and prevents from causing patient more serious damage.
Further, the end mouthful of guide groove, first sliding groove and second sliding slot is closed, can by first sliding groove It is maintained at the first idler wheel of column bottom end in first sliding groove to be slided, with supporting plate in patient's leg position after intersection separation It is separated slightly, it at this moment performs the operation to patient's kneecap position, will not influence the operation of shin bone and fibula or influence to have drawn The shin bone and fibula of completion, make the traction at each position of lower limb successively, be continuously finished, reduce the traction time.
The utility model can carry out patient effectively firm and can quickly remove compared with existing medical hitch frame, Medical staff is helped steadily to implement to perform the operation;The more convenient patient suitable for different body length;It does not influence independent between kneecap and fibula Operation.Specific advantage embodies are as follows:
The surface of advantage 1:ABS plate and supporting plate is pasted with foam-rubber cushion by jelly, can be improved by the foam-rubber cushion of setting The comfort to lie low to patient;The side of supporting plate is fixed with bandage by fastening screw, and the width of bandage is larger will not to oppress trouble Person, while immobilized patients lower limb that can be more stable between supporting plate and bandage help medical staff steadily to implement traction.
Advantage 2: one end of screw rod is equipped with chuck, and chuck and the second bend pass through screw connection, the screw rod other end It is connected with crank, the crank by setting is for shaking screw rod, and the moving point due to shaking screw rod one end and chuck connects, card The fixed point for closing disk is connect with the second bend, drives the second bend to be moved using screw rod, while the second idler wheel is in second sliding slot Interior rolling separates entire bend slide assembly movement with slide unit, and supporting plate at this time is also separated with lying bed ontology, and tension spring is also at Tensional state can use for the patient of different building shape lower limb, while be conducive to the traction back and forth of shin bone, improve traction Efficiency of the practice.
Advantage 3: guide groove one end is equipped with and takes film perforation, and takes film perforation to communicate with guide groove, and the diameter of guide groove is slightly larger than The diameter of card makes to be able to maintain activity between supporting plate, when traction was implemented by the card of setting in activity in guide groove In journey in case of emergency, it is only necessary to card be moved into guide groove one end and taken out by taking in film perforation for top, supporting plate is made It dismantles, prevents from causing patient more serious damage.
Advantage 4: the end mouthful of guide groove, first sliding groove and second sliding slot is closed, can be made by first sliding groove The first idler wheel of column bottom end, which is maintained in first sliding groove, to be slided, with supporting plate in patient's leg position after intersecting separation also slightly It is slightly separated, it at this moment performs the operation to patient's kneecap position, will not influence the operation of shin bone and fibula or influence to have drawn At shin bone and fibula, make the traction at each position of lower limb successively, be continuously finished, reduce the traction time.
Advantage 5: this medical hitch frame is pure mechanic structure, without using external power supply, promptly without in electric situation Use can be quickly adjusted, can largely popularize and use in orthopaedics department or surgical team, there is good economic value.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the medical hitch frame structural schematic diagram of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the rearview of the medical hitch frame Fig. 1 of the utility model;
Fig. 3 is the portion A enlarged drawing in Fig. 1 of the medical hitch frame of the utility model.
Serial number as shown in the figure: lying bed ontology 10, foam-rubber cushion 111, guide groove 112, takes film perforation 113, lifting column at ABS plate 11 12, fastening bolt 121, double fork load-bearing pillars 13, snap-gauge 14, screw rod 141, thread bush 142, crank 143, traction component 20, supporting plate 21, Tension spring 211, card 212, bandage 213, column 22, the first idler wheel 221, bend slide assembly 30, the first bend 31, first sliding groove 311, the second bend 32, chuck 321, reinforcement fixed strip 33, slide unit 40, second sliding slot 41 and the second idler wheel 411.
Specific embodiment
The utility model is described in detail below in conjunction with attached drawing 1- Fig. 3, to the skill in the utility model embodiment Art scheme is clearly and completely described, it is clear that and the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the utility model, and The embodiment being not all of.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are not making creativeness Every other embodiment obtained, fall within the protection scope of the utility model under the premise of labour;In addition, term " first ", " second ", " third " " upper and lower, left and right " etc. are used for descriptive purposes only and cannot be understood as indicating or suggesting relative importance. Meanwhile in the description of the present invention, unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, term " connected ", " connection " should do broad sense Understand, for example, it may be being fixedly connected, may be a detachable connection, or be integrally connected;It can be mechanical connection, it can also To be to be electrically connected;It can be directly connected, it can also be indirectly connected through an intermediary.For the ordinary skill people of this field For member, the concrete meaning of above-mentioned term in the present invention can be understood with concrete condition.
The utility model provides a kind of medical hitch frame by improving herein, as shown in Figure 1-Figure 3, can be according to as follows Mode is practiced;Including lying bed ontology 10, traction component 20, bend slide assembly 30 and slide unit 40, lying bed ontology 10 is by ABS Plate 11, lifting column 12, double fork load-bearing pillars 13 and snap-gauge 14 are constituted, and 12 top of lifting column and 11 bottom of ABS plate are connected by bolt It connects, 12 bottom end of lifting column is disposed through the center at double 13 tops of fork load-bearing pillar, and passes through setting with double fork load-bearing pillars 13 Fastening bolt 121 in this pair fork 13 side of load-bearing pillar screws in connection;The side of ABS plate 11 is equipped with insertion guide groove 112, snap-gauge 14 It is welded between double fork load-bearing pillars 13, the insertion of 14 side of snap-gauge is fixed with thread bush 142, and thread bush 142 is internally embedded setting There is screw rod 141, and precession cooperates between screw rod 141 and thread bush 142.
Traction component 20 includes symmetrically arranged supporting plate 21, and the bottom of supporting plate 21 is equipped with a column 22,22 top of column It is bolted with supporting plate 21,22 bottom end of column is equipped with the first idler wheel 221;The side of supporting plate 21 is connected with tension spring 211, draws 211 one end of spring is welded with card 212, and the insertion of card 212 is set in guide groove 112, and keeps relatively sliding with guide groove 112 It is dynamic.
Bend slide assembly 30 includes the first bend 31, the second bend 32 and reinforces fixed strip 33, and the first bend 31 with The end of second bend 32 is fixedly connected by reinforcing fixed strip 33;The surface of first bend 31 and the second bend 32 offers First sliding groove 311, the insertion of the first idler wheel 221 are set in first sliding groove 311 and keep rolling cooperation with first sliding groove 311;It is sliding The surface of platform 40 offers the second sliding slot 41 of parallel and symmetrical setting, the first bend 31 and 32 bottom of the second bend be equipped with Corresponding second idler wheel 411 in 41 position of second sliding slot, and the second idler wheel 411 keeps rolling cooperation with second sliding slot 41.
In the utility model, the surface of ABS plate 11 and supporting plate 21 is pasted with foam-rubber cushion 111 by jelly, passes through setting Foam-rubber cushion 111 can be improved the comfort to lie low to patient;The side of supporting plate 21 is fixed with bandage 213 by fastening screw, ties up With 213 width it is larger will not oppress patient, while can be more stable between supporting plate 21 and bandage 213 immobilized patients under Limb helps medical staff steadily to implement traction;One end of screw rod 141 is equipped with chuck 321, and chuck 321 and the second song Rail 32 is connected with crank 143 by screw connection, 141 other end of screw rod, is used to shake screw rod 141 by the crank 143 of setting, It is connect due to shaking 141 one end of screw rod with the moving point of chuck 321, the fixed point of chuck 321 is connect with the second bend 32, benefit The second bend 32 is driven to be moved with screw rod 141, while the second idler wheel 411 rolls in second sliding slot 41, makes entire bend The movement of slide assembly 30 is separated with slide unit 40, and supporting plate 21 at this time is also separated with lying bed ontology 10, and tension spring 211 is also at stretching shape State can use for the patient of different building shape lower limb, while be conducive to the traction back and forth of shin bone, improve the implementation effect of traction Rate;112 one end of guide groove is equipped with and takes film perforation 113, and takes film perforation 113 to communicate with guide groove 112, and the diameter of guide groove is slightly larger than The diameter 212 of card makes to be able to maintain activity between supporting plate 21 in activity in guide groove 112 by the card 212 of setting, when leading Draw in art implementation process in case of emergency, it is only necessary to card 212 be moved into 112 one end of guide groove and take film perforation by top It is taken out in 113, dismantles supporting plate 21, prevent from causing patient more serious damage;Guide groove 112, first sliding groove 311 End mouthful with second sliding slot 41 is closed, 22 the first idler wheel of bottom end 221 of column can be made to keep by first sliding groove 311 It is slided in first sliding groove 311, it is also separated slightly in patient's leg position after intersecting separation with supporting plate 21, at this moment to trouble Person's kneecap position is performed the operation, and be will not influence the operation of shin bone and fibula or is influenced to have drawn the shin bone and fibula of completion, Make the traction at each position of lower limb successively, be continuously finished, reduce the traction time.
The working principle of this kind of medical hitch frame: it allows patient to lie low on lying bed ontology 10 first, then passes through bandage Patient's lower limb are fixed on the top of supporting plate 21 by 213, if patient's lower limb are longer, by screw rod 141 drive the second bend 32 into Row movement, the second idler wheel 411 roll in second sliding slot 41, separate supporting plate 21 also with lying bed ontology 10, play extension supporting plate The purpose of 21 length, after medical staff has carried out foot and calf traction, since leg is arranged side by side, it has not been convenient to thigh and kneecap Position is operated, and column 22 will be pushed to be maintained at the first idler wheel 221 in first sliding groove 311 at this time and slided, with support Plate 21 is also separated slightly in patient's leg position after intersecting separation, at this moment performs the operation, is will not influence to patient's kneecap position Card 212 is moved to 112 one end of guide groove and takes piece by top by the shin bone and fibula completed through traction when patient's appearance discomfort It is taken out in hole 113, dismantles supporting plate 21 and unlock bandage 213.
To sum up;The medical hitch frame of the utility model can carry out patient effectively firm and can quickly remove, and help to cure Shield personnel steadily implement to perform the operation, while the more convenient patient suitable for different body length, and do not influence between kneecap and fibula solely Vertical operation.
The foregoing description of the disclosed embodiments can be realized professional and technical personnel in the field or using originally practical new Type.Various modifications to these embodiments will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art, and determine herein The General Principle of justice can be realized in other embodiments without departing from the spirit or scope of the present utility model.Cause This, the present invention will not be limited to the embodiments shown herein, and is to fit to and principles disclosed herein The widest scope consistent with features of novelty.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of medical hitch frame, including lying bed ontology (10), traction component (20), bend slide assembly (30) and slide unit (40), it is characterised in that: the lying bed ontology (10) is by ABS plate (11), lifting column (12), double fork load-bearing pillars (13) and snap-gauge (14) it constitutes;Lifting column (12) top is bolted with ABS plate (11) bottom, and lifting column (12) bottom end is run through It is set to the center at the top of double forks load-bearing pillar (13), and pitches load-bearing pillar by being set to this pair with double fork load-bearing pillars (13) (13) fastening bolt (121) of side screws in connection;The side of the ABS plate (11) is equipped with insertion guide groove (112), the snap-gauge (14) it is welded between double forks load-bearing pillar (13), snap-gauge (14) the side insertion is fixed with thread bush (142), the thread bush (142) be internally embedded is provided with screw rod (141), and precession cooperates between the screw rod (141) and thread bush (142);
The traction component (20) includes symmetrically arranged supporting plate (21), and the bottom of the supporting plate (21) is equipped with a column (22), column (22) top is bolted with supporting plate (21), and column (22) bottom end is equipped with the first idler wheel (221);The side of the supporting plate (21) is connected with tension spring (211), and described tension spring (211) one end is welded with card (212), described Card (212) insertion is set in guide groove (112), and keeps opposite sliding with guide groove (112);
The bend slide assembly (30) includes the first bend (31), the second bend (32) and reinforces fixed strip (33);Described One bend (31) is fixedly connected with the end of second bend (32) by the reinforcement fixed strip (33);First bend (31) it is offered first sliding groove (311) with the surface of second bend (32), the first idler wheel (221) insertion is set to It keeps in the first sliding groove (311) and with the first sliding groove (311) rolling cooperation;The surface of the slide unit (40) offers The second sliding slot (41) of parallel and symmetrical setting, first bend (31) and second bend (32) bottom is equipped with and institute Corresponding second idler wheel (411) in second sliding slot (41) position is stated, and second idler wheel (411) and the second sliding slot (41) are protected Hold rolling cooperation.
2. medical hitch frame according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the ABS plate (11) and the supporting plate (21) Surface foam-rubber cushion (111) are pasted with by jelly.
3. medical hitch frame according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the side of the supporting plate (21) passes through fastening spiral shell Nail is fixed with bandage (213).
4. medical hitch frame according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: one end of the screw rod (141) is equipped with engaging Disk (321), and the chuck (321) and second bend (32), by screw connection, screw rod (141) other end connects It is connected to crank (143).
5. medical hitch frame according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described guide groove (112) one end is equipped with and takes piece Hole (113), and it is described take film perforation (113) to communicate with the guide groove (112), and the diameter of the guide groove (112) be greater than institute State the diameter of card (212).
6. medical hitch frame according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the guide groove (112), the first sliding groove (311) and the end of the second sliding slot (41) mouthful is closed.
CN201821703422.5U 2018-10-21 2018-10-21 A kind of medical hitch frame Expired - Fee Related CN209269848U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821703422.5U CN209269848U (en) 2018-10-21 2018-10-21 A kind of medical hitch frame

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821703422.5U CN209269848U (en) 2018-10-21 2018-10-21 A kind of medical hitch frame

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN209269848U true CN209269848U (en) 2019-08-20

Family

ID=67604929

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201821703422.5U Expired - Fee Related CN209269848U (en) 2018-10-21 2018-10-21 A kind of medical hitch frame

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN209269848U (en)

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GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20190820

Termination date: 20201021