CN209240859U - Power-driven system and vehicle with it - Google Patents

Power-driven system and vehicle with it Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209240859U
CN209240859U CN201822011154.7U CN201822011154U CN209240859U CN 209240859 U CN209240859 U CN 209240859U CN 201822011154 U CN201822011154 U CN 201822011154U CN 209240859 U CN209240859 U CN 209240859U
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China
Prior art keywords
gear
driven
power
driving
transmission
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CN201822011154.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
熊雨超
梅绍坤
翟震
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BYD Co Ltd
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BYD Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/62Hybrid vehicles

Abstract

Power-driven system according to the present utility model includes: engine, the first motor generator, speed changer, and speed changer includes: clutch;First input shaft and the second input shaft, first input shaft and the second input shaft are optionally of coupled connections with engine power by clutch, gear driving gear is each provided on first input shaft and the second input shaft, one in the first input shaft and the second input shaft is equipped with the driving gear that reverses gear;Respectively empty set is provided with gear driven gear for first output shaft and the second output shaft, the first output shaft and the second output shaft, and the second output shaft is fixedly installed the driven gear that reverses gear;Reverse gear shaft, reverse gear shaft are provided with the first reverse gear and the second reverse gear;First transmission mechanism, first motor generator is connect by the first transmission mechanism with the driven gear power coupling that reverses gear, the power-driven system of the utility model, and motor-driven transmission chain length is small, the problem of transmission efficiency is high, is not in power interruption in shift process.

Description

Power-driven system and vehicle with it
Technical field
The utility model belongs to technical field of vehicle manufacture, in particular to a kind of power-driven system and has it Vehicle.
Background technique
In the related technology, the power of motor needs Multi-stage transmission that can just be output to wheel, and transmission efficiency is low, transmission chain mistake Long, transmission efficiency is low.In addition, motor and the power of engine being superimposed on shift gear also result in shift gear rigidity and The deficiency of intensity.And since there are multiple gears, can also there are problems that power interruption when motor side is shifted gears.
Utility model content
The utility model aims to solve at least one of the technical problems existing in the prior art.For this purpose, the utility model One purpose is to propose the power-driven system of operating mode multiplicity.
The utility model also proposes a kind of vehicle with the power-driven system.
Power-driven system according to the present utility model includes: engine, the first motor generator, speed changer, the change Fast device includes: clutch;First input shaft and the second input shaft, first input shaft and second input shaft pass through described Clutch is optionally of coupled connections with the engine power, on first input shaft and second input shaft respectively Equipped with gear driving gear, one in first input shaft and second input shaft is equipped with the driving gear that reverses gear;First Respectively empty set is provided with the gear actively for output shaft and the second output shaft, first output shaft and second output shaft The gear driven gear that gear is engaged, second output shaft are fixedly installed the driven gear that reverses gear;Reverse gear shaft, it is described fall Gear shaft be provided with the first reverse gear engaged with the driving gear that reverses gear and engaged with the driven gear that reverses gear second Reverse gear;First transmission mechanism, first motor generator pass through first transmission mechanism and the driven tooth of reversing gear Take turns power coupling connection.
According to the power-driven system of the utility model embodiment, pass through clutch and different input shaft cooperations and first The power of motor generator intervenes the hybrid power output, it can be achieved that different gears, as a result, engine and the first motor generator Can be used as the multiple power sources for being parallel to output shaft, the dynamic property that can preferably protrude parallel structure is strong, structure is simple and Advantage of the vehicle space layout to realize, and under the operating condition of pure electric vehicle, when can avoid causing due to shifting gears pure electric vehicle operating condition Power interruption problem and the too long inefficiency problem of transmission chain greatly improve the transmission efficiency of electric drive, and in parallel Formula structural dynamic is strong, structure is simple, and vehicle space layout is significantly improved.
The utility model also proposes that a kind of vehicle, the vehicle include the power-driven system of any of the above-described a embodiment.
Possessed advantage is identical compared with the existing technology with above-mentioned power-driven system for the vehicle, no longer superfluous herein It states.
The additional aspect and advantage of the utility model will be set forth in part in the description, partially will be from following description In become obvious, or recognized by the practice of the utility model.
Detailed description of the invention
The above-mentioned and/or additional aspect and advantage of the utility model from the description of the embodiment in conjunction with the following figures will Become obvious and be readily appreciated that, in which:
Fig. 1 is the transmission diagram of the power-driven system of one embodiment according to the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the transmission diagram of the power-driven system of another embodiment according to the present utility model;
Fig. 3 is the transmission diagram of the power-driven system of another embodiment according to the present utility model.
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram of the vehicle of one embodiment according to the present utility model.
Appended drawing reference:
Vehicle 1000,
Power-driven system 100,
First motor generator 10,
Differential mechanism 30,
Engine 40,
First input shaft I, the second input shaft II, reverse gear shaft III,
First output shaft I ', the second output shaft II ',
Two gear driving gear 2a, four or six gear driving gear 46a, three or five gear driving gear 35a, one reverses gear driving gear 1Ra,
Second gear driven gear 2b, four gear driven gear 4b, six gear driven gear 6b, three keep off driven gear 3b, and five gears are driven Gear 5b, a gear driven gear 1b, reverse gear driven gear Rb,
First reverse gear 1R, the second reverse gear 2R,
First motor side gear 1c,
First idle pulley 1e, the second idle pulley 2e, the first transmission gear 1f, the second transmission gear 2f,
First clutch unit K1, the second clutch unit K2,
First output gear 1Z, the second output gear 2Z, main reducing gear driven gear Zb
Two or four gear synchronizer S24, one or three gear synchronizer S13, six gear synchronizer S6, five gear synchronizer S5,
Reverse gear shaft synchronizer SR.
Specific embodiment
The embodiments of the present invention are described below in detail, examples of the embodiments are shown in the accompanying drawings, wherein from beginning Same or similar element or element with the same or similar functions are indicated to same or similar label eventually.Below by ginseng The embodiment for examining attached drawing description is exemplary, and is only used for explaining the utility model, and should not be understood as to the utility model Limitation.
On hybrid vehicle 1000, vehicle 1000 can arrange engine 40 and motor, power-driven system 100 For the power of engine 40 and/or motor to be transferred to the differential mechanism 30 of vehicle 1000, final driven wheel rotation.
Power-driven system 100 below with reference to Fig. 1-Fig. 4 description according to the utility model embodiment, power-driven system 100 can apply on vehicle 1000, such as hybrid vehicle 1000, the first dynamoelectric and power generation of the power-driven system 100 Machine 10 is connected with gear driven gear, can by gear driven gear by the driving force that the first motor generator 10 generates export to Wheel shortens transmission chain length, improves transmission efficiency.
As shown in Figure 1-Figure 3, power-driven system 100 may include: engine 40, the first motor generator 10 and speed change Device, the first motor generator 10 can be used as generator and generate electricity, and the first motor generator 10 is also used as motor progress Power output.
Engine 40 drives vehicle wheel rotation for output driving power, and it can also be diesel engine that engine 40, which can be gasoline engine,. Wherein, engine 40 is connected with speed changer, and the output end of speed changer can be connected by differential mechanism 30 with wheel, and engine 40 is defeated Driving force out can be transmitted to wheel by speed changer, and then drive vehicle wheel rotation, and the power that engine 40 exports can also lead to It crosses speed changer and is transmitted to the first motor generator 10, to drive the power generation of the first motor generator 10.
Speed changer has multiple gears, and engine 40 can export a variety of different revolving speeds and torque by speed changer, so that The vehicle 1000 of traveling can be well adapted for environment.If vehicle 1000 is in the biggish road traveling of resistance, speed changer The gear progress power transmitting that the slow-speed of revolution, high torque (HT) may be selected, keeps sufficient power output;For another example vehicle 1000 it is smooth, When open road traveling, high revolving speed is may be selected in speed changer, the gear of low torque carries out power transmitting, reduces oil consumption.As a result, may be used Guarantee vehicle 1000 under different operating conditions, vehicle 1000 all has good power performance, and vehicle 1000 is made to keep good row State is sailed, while improving the fuel economy of vehicle 1000.
(vehicle 1000 is mixed dynamic model formula or electric-only mode), power electric when the first motor generator 10 is as motor Pond powers to the first motor generator 10, the first motor generator 10 work output power, and the first motor generator 10 exports Power by speed changer be transferred to wheel, it can be achieved that vehicle 1000 electric drive.
Speed changer according to the present utility model includes: clutch, the first input shaft I, the second input shaft II, the first output shaft I ', second output shaft II ', reverse gear shaft III and the first transmission mechanism.
First input shaft I and the second input shaft II by clutch optionally with 40 power of engine of vehicle 1000 It is of coupled connections, i.e. clutch can allow that engine 40 is connected with the first input shaft I or clutch makes engine 40 and second Input shaft II is connected, so that the power of engine 40 be made to be passed to speed changer.It is respectively set on first input shaft I and the second input shaft II There is gear driving gear, one in the first input shaft I and the second input shaft II is equipped with the driving gear that reverses gear.
Preferably, the second input shaft II can be set in outside the first input shaft I, can effectively shorten the axis of speed changer in this way To length, so as to reduce the arrangement space of speed changer occupancy.
With reference to Fig. 1-Fig. 3, clutch can be double clutch, and double clutch includes the first clutch unit K1 and the second clutch Unit K2, the input terminal of the first clutch unit K1 are connected with engine 40 with the input terminal of the second clutch unit K2, first from The output end for closing unit K1 is connected with the first input shaft I, and the output end of the second clutch unit K2 is connected with the second input shaft II.? When the input terminal of first clutch unit K1 is engaged with the output end of the first clutch unit K1, the power of power source output passes to the One input shaft I;When the input terminal of the second clutch unit K2 is engaged with the output end of the second clutch unit K2, power source output Power passes to the second input shaft II.
First output shaft I ' and the respective empty set of the second output shaft II ' are provided with multiple gear driven gears, the second output shaft The driven gear Rb that reverses gear is fixedly installed in II ', multiple gear driven gears are nibbled correspondingly with multiple gear driving gears It closes.
Reverse gear shaft III is provided with the first reverse gear 1R and the second reverse gear 2R, the first reverse gear 1R and reverses gear actively Gear engagement, the second reverse gear 2R are engaged with the driven gear Rb that reverses gear.
As a result, during increasing gear or downshift, speed changer is to switch to even number gear from odd number gear or keep off from even number to switch It is kept off to odd number, while the clutch for the power coupling being connected with engine 40, from the first clutch unit K1 and the second clutch unit One in K2 is switched to another, and when shifting gears again, by another in the first clutch unit K1 and the second clutch unit K2 It is a to switch to one, in this way, vehicle 1000, during traveling, the first clutch unit K1 and the second clutch unit K2 are alternating Switching, can avoid same clutch and is in lasting working condition, prevent the first clutch unit K1 or the second clutch unit K2 long Structural fatigue is caused after phase use, and unfavorable deformation can be generated when serious.The first clutch unit K1 and can be reduced by being used alternatingly as a result, The working strength of two clutch unit K2, extends the service life of clutch, convenient for being used for a long time.
First motor generator 10 is connect by the first transmission mechanism with the driven gear Rb power coupling that reverses gear.
As a result, when engine 40 is as power source, and when vehicle 1000 is put into forward gear, power is by the first input shaft I Or second input shaft II be passed to speed changer, and passed to by the gear driving gear on the first input shaft I or the second input shaft II Gear driven gear corresponding thereto, and finally exported by the first output shaft I ' or the second output shaft II ';When the first electronic hair When motor 10 is as power source, and when vehicle 1000 is put into forward gear, power is reversed gear driven gear Rb by the first transmission mechanism Incoming speed changer, power are eventually transferred to the first output shaft I ' or the second output shaft II ' by the driven gear Rb that reverses gear, and complete dynamic Power output;It, can be successively by the driving tooth that reverses gear after the power of engine 40 is passed to speed changer when vehicle 1000, which is linked into, to reverse gear Wheel, the first reverse gear 1R, the second reverse gear 2R, reverse gear driven gear Rb, and power is transmitted to by the driven gear Rb that reverses gear Two output shafts II ' realize the power output that vehicle 1000 reverses gear, the power of the first motor generator 10 by the second output shaft II ' The driven gear Rb that reverses gear can be passed through by the first motor generator 10 and be transmitted to the first output shaft I ' or the second output shaft II ', realize reversing gear for vehicle 1000.
According to the power-driven system 100 of the utility model embodiment, by clutch and different input shaft cooperations and The power of first motor generator 10 intervenes the hybrid power output, it can be achieved that different gears, as a result, engine 40 and the first electricity Dynamic generator 10 can be used as the multiple power sources for being parallel to output shaft, can preferably protrude the dynamic property of parallel structure by force, The advantage that structure is simple and vehicle space layout is to realize, and under the operating condition of pure electric vehicle, it can avoid leading to pure electricity due to shift The too long inefficiency problem of power interruption problem and transmission chain when condition of starting building greatly improves the transmission effect of electric drive Rate, and parallel structure dynamic property is strong, structure is simple, and vehicle space layout is significantly improved.
Some embodiments of power-driven system 100 according to the present utility model are described referring to Fig. 1-Fig. 4.
In some embodiments, the gear driven gear on the second output shaft II ' is located at the same of driven gear Rb of reversing gear Side, in this way, the driven gear Rb that will reverse gear is arranged in one end of the second output shaft II ', convenient for the first coupled transmission mechanism And first motor generator 10 setting, and can reduce the size of the first transmission mechanism in the axial direction, and then drive convenient for power Dynamic arrangement of the system 100 on vehicle 1000.
As shown in Figure 1-Figure 3, reverse gear shaft III is provided with the first reverse gear 1R and the second reverse gear 2R, and first reverses gear tooth Wheel 1R is engaged with the driving gear that reverses gear, and the second reverse gear 2R is engaged with the driven gear Rb that reverses gear, reverse gear shaft III and set on reversing gear The the first reverse gear 1R and the second reverse gear 2R of axis III are for the power for the driving gear that reverses gear to be optionally coupled to down Driven gear Rb is kept off, as shown in Figure 1-Figure 3, the first reverse gear 1R and the second reverse gear 2R are axially spaced, and first Reverse gear 1R and the second reverse gear 2R spacing can be set according to the spacing of reverse gear driving gear and the driven gear Rb that reverses gear Meter, so that the power for the driving gear that reverses gear can be effectively transmitted to the driven gear Rb that reverses gear, and logical after speed changer installation is fixed It crosses the first reverse gear 1R and the second reverse gear 2R and carries out that power transmitting can reduce the driving gear that reverses gear, reverse gear driven gear Rb Installation difficulty, it is smaller for the limitation of installation site, convenient for the installation of speed changer entirety, reduce installation cost.
Wherein, transmitting power by the first reverse gear 1R and the second reverse gear 2R can be changed the transmitting side of driving force To.It is understood that a gear driving gear of speed changer and the driving gear that reverses gear can integrate as same gear, and a gear master Moving gear engages output driving power with a gear driven gear 1b and realizes a gear power output, a gear driving gear and a gear driven tooth The rotation direction of 1b is taken turns on the contrary, at this point, vehicle 1000 is a gear revolving speed, torque advance.When the gear is as the driving gear that reverses gear When, driving force is transmitted to the driven gear Rb that reverses gear by the first reverse gear 1R and the second reverse gear 2R by reversing gear driving gear Afterwards, reverse gear driving gear and the driven gear Rb that reverses gear rotation direction on the contrary, the gear driven gear of driven gear Rb and one that reverses gear The rotation direction of 1b by the direction and a gear driven gear 1b of the driving force for driven gear Rb output of reversing gear on the contrary, in this way, exported Driving force direction it is identical, thus, it can be achieved that wheel is driven in the reverse direction, that is, realize and reverse gear driving, the structure of reverse gear is set Rationally, power transfer path is clear for meter.
In some embodiments, the first reverse gear 1R is placed in outside reverse gear shaft III, and optionally with reverse gear shaft III Power coupling connection, in this way, when the power of engine 40 is transmitted to the driven gear Rb that reverses gear, and by driven gear Rb biography of reversing gear After being delivered to reverse gear shaft III, the first reverse gear 1R can not be rotated with reverse gear shaft III.
In some embodiments, a gear driving gear, three gear driving gears, five gears are fixedly installed on the first input shaft I Driving gear and the driving gear that reverses gear are fixedly installed two gear driving gear 2a, four gear driving gears, six on the second input shaft II Driving gear is kept off, I ' empty set of the first output shaft is provided with a gear driven gear 1b, second gear driven gear 2b, three gear driven gears 3b, four gear driven gear 4b, the first output shaft I ' are additionally provided with the first output gear 1Z, and II ' empty set of the second output shaft is provided with five Gear driven gear 5b, six gear driven gears, reverse gear driven gear Rb, and the second output shaft II ' is additionally provided with the second output gear 2Z.
The driving gear of corresponding gear is engaged with driven gear, to realize biography of the power in power-driven system 100 It passs, by taking several power transfer paths of power as an example:
The transmission path that 40 power of engine keeps off driving gear by one: the first input shaft of engine 40- I-one is kept off Driving gear-one keeps off I '-the first output gear 1Z of the first output shaft of driven gear 1b-;
40 power of engine passes through the transmission path for the driven gear Rb that reverses gear: the first input shaft of engine 40- I-one Gear III-the second reverse gear 2R- of driving gear the-the first reverse gear 1R- reverse gear shaft reverses gear the second output shaft of driven gear Rb- II '-the second output gear 2Z;
The transmission path of first genemotor, 40 power: first the first transmission mechanism of genemotor 40--reverses gear driven The second output shaft II ' of gear Rb-;
Other gears and motor generator, each component course of work of engine 40 are similar, and details are not described herein.
In some embodiments, as shown in Figure 1, the first transmission mechanism includes: first motor side gear 1c and the first idle pulley 1e, first motor side gear 1c are connected with the first motor generator 10, the first idle pulley 1e be engaged on first motor side gear 1c with It reverses gear between driven gear Rb, power can be by the first genemotor 40 successively by first motor side gear 1c, first lazy Wheel 1e and the driven gear Rb that reverses gear are transmitted to the second output shaft II '.
In further embodiments, as shown in Fig. 2, the first transmission mechanism includes: first motor side gear 1c, the first idle pulley 1e and the second idle pulley 2e, first motor side gear 1c are connected with the first motor generator 10, and the first idle pulley 1e is engaged on the first electricity Between pusher side gear 1c and the second idle pulley 2e, the second idle pulley 2e is engaged on the first idle pulley 1e between the driven gear Rb that reverses gear, and moves Power by first motor side gear 1c, the first idle pulley 1e, the second idle pulley 2e and can successively be reversed gear by the first genemotor 40 Driven gear Rb is transmitted to the second output shaft II ', the settings of two idle pulleys can when 40 power of the first genemotor is intervened, Can be identical as the steering of engine 40, to increase operation convenience, and it is convenient for the arrangement of the first motor generator 10.
In yet other embodiments, as shown in figure 3, the first transmission mechanism includes: first motor side gear 1c, the first idle pulley 1e, the first transmission gear 1f and the second transmission gear 2f, first motor side gear 1c are connected with the first motor generator 10, and first Idle pulley 1e is engaged between first motor side gear 1c and the first transmission gear 1f, the first transmission gear 1f and the second transmission gear 2f is fixedly and coaxially connected, and the second transmission gear 2f is engaged with the driven gear Rb that reverses gear, and power can be by the first genemotor 40 Successively pass through first motor side gear 1c, the first idle pulley 1e, the first transmission gear 1f, the second transmission gear 2f and driven tooth of reversing gear Wheel Rb is transmitted to the second output shaft II ', this setting can when 40 power of the first genemotor is intervened, can with start The steering of machine 40 is identical, to increase operation convenience, and is convenient for the arrangement of the first motor generator 10.
In some embodiments, power-driven system 100 has mixed operation mode of starting building, in mixed operation mode of starting building, first The power that motor generator 10 exports is suitable for being transmitted to second by the driven gear Rb that reverses gear being connected with the first transmission mechanism defeated Shaft II ' realizes power output.
As a result, when vehicle 1000 it is mixed start building operation mode when, the power source of power-driven system 100 is the hair of vehicle 1000 Motivation 40, the first motor generator 10, it is mixed start building operation mode when, power respectively there are two types of path, i.e., fuel power path and Electric-powered path: fuel power path: engine 40- the first input shaft I or second II-output shaft of input shaft;It is electric-powered Path: first motor generator 10- the-the second output shaft II ' of the first transmission mechanism.
Vehicle 1000 can be used while carrying out 40 power output of engine by the setting of mixed operation mode of starting building First motor generator 10 carries out power intervention, and then promotes the power performance of vehicle 1000, promotes power transmission efficiency.
In some embodiments, a gear driving gear, three gear driving gears, five gears are fixedly installed on the first input shaft I Driving gear and the driving gear that reverses gear are fixedly installed two gear driving gear 2a, four gear driving gears, six on the second input shaft II Driving gear is kept off, I ' empty set of the first output shaft is provided with a gear driven gear 1b, second gear driven gear 2b, three gear driven gears 3b, four gear driven gear 4b, the first output shaft I ' are additionally provided with the first output gear 1Z, and II ' empty set of the second output shaft is provided with five Gear driven gear 5b, six gear driven gear 6b, reverse gear driven gear Rb, and the second output shaft II ' is additionally provided with the second output gear 2Z, First transmission mechanism is connect with the driven gear Rb power coupling that reverses gear.
Wherein, as shown in Figure 1-Figure 3, the first output shaft I ' is set with a gear driven gear 1b, second gear driven gear 2b, three Keep off driven gear 3b, four gear driven gear 4b, i.e., one gear driven gear 1b, second gear driven gear 2b, three gear driven gear 3b, four Gear driven gear 4b can be selectively connected with the first output shaft I ' by synchronizer, and a gear driven gear of the first output shaft I ' One gear driving gear of 1b and the first input shaft I engage, and the three of the first output shaft I ' keep off driven gear 3b and the first input shaft I Three gear driving gear engagements, the second gear driven gear 2b of the first output shaft I ' and the two gear driving gear 2a of the second input shaft II are nibbled It closes, the four of four gear driven gear 4b and the second input shafts II of the first output shaft I ' keep off driving gears and engage, in this way, it can be achieved that the The driving force transmitting of one input shaft I, second the II to the first output shaft I ' of input shaft, and pass through different driving gear and driven tooth Wheel be meshed, it can be achieved that different revolving speed, torque output, by first the I to the first output shaft I ' of input shaft can be achieved one gear and The power output of second gear and four gears can be achieved in the power output of three gears, second the II to the first output shaft I ' of input shaft.
As shown in Figure 1-Figure 3, the second output shaft II ' is set with five gear driven gear 5b, six gear driven gear 6b, and second is defeated Shaft II ' is fixedly installed the driven gear Rb that reverses gear, i.e., five gear driven gear 5b, six gear driven gear 6b can be with the second output shafts II ' is selectively connectable by synchronizer, and five gears of five gear driven gear 5b and the first input shaft I of the second output shaft II ' Driving gear engagement, the driven gear Rb that reverses gear of the second output shaft II ' are connected with the driving gear that reverses gear of the first input shaft I, the Six gear driven gear 6b of two output shafts II ' are engaged with six gear driving gears of the second input shaft II.In this way, it can be achieved that first is defeated Enter the driving force transmitting of axis I, second the II to the second output shaft II ' of input shaft, and passes through different driving gear and driven gear Be meshed, it can be achieved that different revolving speed, torque output, by first the I to the second output shaft II ' of input shaft can be achieved five gear and fall Six gear power outputs can be achieved in the power output of gear, second the II to the second output shaft II ' of input shaft.
Wherein, as shown in Figure 1-Figure 3, three gear driving gears and five gear driving gears are integrated into same gear, i.e., 35 gears Driving gear 35a, three or five gear driving gear 35a can be engaged with three gear driven gear 3b, can also be engaged with five gear driven gear 5b; Four gear driving gears and six gear driving gears are integrated into same gear, i.e., 46 gear driving gear 46a, four or six gear driving gears 46a can be engaged with four gear driven gear 4b, can also be engaged with six gear driven gear 6b;One gear driving gear and the driving gear that reverses gear Be integrated into same gear, i.e., one reverses gear driving gear 1Ra, and the driving gear 1Ra that reverses gear can be engaged with a gear driven gear 1b, It can be connected with the driven gear Rb that reverses gear, in this way, same gear can be respectively used to realize the forward drive of a gear under different operating conditions With the retrogressing driving reversed gear.The gear quantity for reducing speed changer as a result, reduces the cost of speed changer, while greatly saving Installation space inside speed changer, is easily installed and replaces.It is understood that vehicle 1000 keeps off or reverses gear using one When, the revolving speed of wheel is smaller, and required driving force is larger, and the driving gear that will reverse gear as a result, is total to a gear driving gear 1a With, it is shared compared to driving gear is reversed gear with other driving gears, it is more preferable, reasonable, using more convenient.
As shown in Figure 1-Figure 3, speed changer can also include multiple synchronizers, and it is defeated that multiple synchronizers can be respectively arranged on first On shaft I ' or the second output shaft II ', synchronizer is used for optionally by corresponding gear driven gear and output shaft Engagement.
Synchronizer may include joint portion and locking part, and locking part is connected with gear driven gear, joint portion and output shaft It is connected, when joint portion and locking part cooperation, the engagement of gear driven gear and output shaft is may be implemented in synchronizer, works as joint portion When not cooperating with locking part, i.e. when junction Yu Zhongwei, gear driven gear can dally with respect to output shaft.
As shown in Figure 1-Figure 3, speed changer may include two or four gear synchronizer S24 of alternative connection second gear or four gears, Two or four gear synchronizer S24 can be located on the first output shaft I ', and two or four gear synchronizer S24 are located at second gear driven gear 2b and four Keep off driven tooth between, two or four gear synchronizer S24 be used to by second gear driven gear 2b engaged with the first output shaft I ' or by four keep off from Moving gear 4b is engaged with the first output shaft I '.
Speed changer can also include one or three gear synchronizer S13 of alternative one gear of connection or three gears, one or three gear synchronizers S13 can be located on the first output shaft I ', and one or three gear synchronizer S13 be located at one gear driven gear 1b and three gear driven tooths it Between, one or three gear synchronizer S13 be used to by one gear driven gear 1b engage with the first output shaft I ' or by three keep off driven gear 3b and The engagement of first output shaft I '.
Speed changer can also include six gear synchronizer S6 of alternative six gear of connection, and six gear synchronizer S6 can be located at the On two output shafts II ', and six gear synchronizer S6 are located between six gear driven gears and driven tooth of reversing gear, and six gear synchronizer S6 are used to Six gear driven gears are engaged with the second output shaft II ' or are not engaged.
Speed changer can also include five gear synchronizer S5 of alternative five gear of connection, and five gear synchronizers can be located at second On output shaft II ', engagement or first reverse gear 1R of the five gear synchronizers for five gear driven gear 5b and the second output shaft II ' Reverse gear shaft III does not engage.
Speed changer can also include the first reverse gear 1R of alternative connection synchronous with the reverse gear shaft III of reverse gear shaft III Device, III synchronizer of reverse gear shaft can be located on reverse gear shaft III, and III synchronizer of reverse gear shaft is used for the first reverse gear 1R and reverse gear shaft III engagement or not.
Speed changer engages corresponding driven gear with output shaft, to realize dynamic by the way that above-mentioned multiple synchronizers are arranged The shift of power-driven system 100.
When the power source of power-driven system 100 be engine 40 when, make first clutch by engine 40 with it is corresponding Axis connection is inputted, and engages synchronizer by corresponding gear driven gear, with the output shaft of gear driven gear empty set, thus Realize transmitting of the power from engine 40 to output shaft.
As a result, when coping with different road conditions, clutch is optionally and in the first input shaft I and the second input shaft II One power coupling, and by the movement of synchronizer, select the biography of different gear driving gear and the engagement of gear driven gear Path is passed, realizes different revolving speeds, torque output, and then adapts to different driving states and meets a variety of power demands, is guaranteed Vehicle 1000 has preferable power performance and the economy performance in motion.
In one embodiment, as shown in Figure 1-Figure 3, the output end of speed changer is used for connected with differential 30, wherein differential The input terminal of device 30 is connected with main reducing gear driven gear Zb, i.e., on the output shaft of main reducing gear driven gear Zb and speed changer Output gear engagement, two output ends of differential mechanism 30 are connected separately with jackshaft, in this way, the driving force that engine 40 exports Clutch, transmission, differential mechanism 30 are passed sequentially through, and wheel is transferred to by jackshaft by differential mechanism 30, connects semiaxis packet The right connection semiaxis for including the left connection semiaxis being connected with left side wheel and being connected with right side wheels, and when vehicle 1000 is turned, The revolving speed of left and right wheels can be adjusted in differential mechanism 30, turn so that left and right wheels are realized with revolving speed appropriate.It can drive as a result, Motor car wheel rotation realizes that drive mechanism is simple, and transmission process is easily achieved to the driving effect of vehicle 1000, and by it is double from The power output of different gears is realized in the switching of clutch, and the ride comfort of the shift traveling of vehicle 1000 can be improved.
In some embodiments, as shown in Figure 1-Figure 3, the first output shaft I ' is equipped with the first output gear 1Z, the first output Gear 1Z is engaged with main reducing gear driven gear Zb, in this way, when vehicle 1000 is a gear, second gear, three gears or four gear drivings, hair The driving force that motivation 40 exports can be transmitted to the first output shaft I ' by corresponding driving gear and driven gear, and by the first output Axis I ' is transferred to the first output gear 1Z, is transferred to differential mechanism by the first output gear 1Z and main reducing gear driven gear Zb 30, vehicle wheel rotation is driven by differential mechanism 30.
As shown in Figure 1-Figure 3, the second output shaft II ' is equipped with the second output gear 2Z, the second output gear 2Z and is set to second The end of output shaft II ', the second output gear 2Z are connected with main reducing gear driven gear Zb, in this way, vehicle 1000 be five gear, Six gears reverse gear when driving, and the driving force that engine 40 exports can be transmitted to second by corresponding driving gear and driven gear Output shaft II ', and the second output gear 2Z, the second output gear 2Z is transferred to by the second output shaft II ' and is transferred to main reducing gear Driven gear Zb, and vehicle wheel rotation is driven by differential mechanism 30.In this way, the driving force of engine 40 is passed through the first output by speed changer Gear 1Z or the second output gear 2Z passes to differential mechanism 30, realizes the power transmission of engine 40.
As a result, as shown in Figure 1-Figure 3, the driving force that engine 40 exports can realize power by following seven kinds of transmission paths Output, and six forward ranges and a reverse mode that corresponding vehicle 1000 travels.
When vehicle 1000 is linked into a gear: engine 40 and the first clutch unit K1 power coupling, what engine 40 exported Driving force is transmitted to the first input shaft I by the first clutch unit K1, and the first input shaft I is equipped with a gear driving gear, a gear master Moving gear is engaged with a gear driven gear 1b, and one or three gear synchronizer S13 selection, one gear driven gear 1b and the first output shaft I ' It is connected.In this way, the power transfer path that engine 40 exports when a gear are as follows: the first clutch unit of engine 40- K1- first is inputted Axis I-one keeps off driving gear-one and keeps off I '-the first output gear 1Z- main reducing gear driven gear of the first output shaft of driven gear 1b- Zb- differential mechanism 30- wheel.
It, can by the mutual cooperation of each synchronizer and each clutch unit when vehicle 1000 is linked into two to six gears and reverses gear Realize the power path transmitting of corresponding gear:
The power transfer path that engine 40 exports when second gear are as follows: engine 40- the second clutch unit the second input shaft of K2- II-the first output shaft of two gear driving gear 2a- second gear driven gear 2b-, I '-the first output gear 1Z- main reducing gear driven gear Zb- differential mechanism 30- wheel.
The power transfer path that engine 40 exports when three gears are as follows: engine 40- the first clutch unit the first input shaft of K1- I-three gear driving gear-three keeps off I '-the first output gear 1Z- main reducing gear driven gear Zb- of the first output shaft of driven gear 3b- Differential mechanism 30- wheel.
The power transfer path that engine 40 exports when four gears are as follows: engine 40- the second clutch unit the second input shaft of K2- II-four gear driving gear-four keeps off I '-the first output gear 1Z- main reducing gear driven gear of the first output shaft of driven gear 4b- Zb- differential mechanism 30- wheel.
The power transfer path that engine 40 exports when five gears are as follows: engine 40- the first clutch unit the first input shaft of K1- I-five gear driving gear-five keeps off II '-the second output gear 2Z- main reducing gear driven gear of the second output shaft of driven gear 5b- Zb- differential mechanism 30- wheel.
The power transfer path of six gears are as follows: the second input shaft of engine 40- the second clutch unit K2- II-six keeps off driving tooth - six gear II '-the second output gear 2Z- main reducing gear driven gear Zb- differential mechanism 30- vehicle of the second output shaft of driven gear 6b- of wheel Wheel.
The power transfer path that engine 40 exports when reversing gear are as follows: engine 40- the first clutch unit the first input shaft of K1- I-driving gear the-the first reverse gear the second reverse gear of 1R- 2R- that reverses gear reverses gear the second output shaft of driven gear Rb- II '-the Two output gear 2Z- main reducing gear driven gear Zb- differential mechanism 30- wheels.
Pure fuel oil operating condition, the first motor generator 10 do not work, and the power transmitting of engine 40 is transmitted with reference to above-mentioned gear Path, details are not described herein.
As shown in Figure 1-Figure 3, the first motor generator 10 is connect by the first transmission mechanism with III power coupling of reverse gear shaft.
First motor generator 10 and then can increase in 40 output power of engine with the power output simultaneously of engine 40 The driving force of vehicle 1000 realizes that vehicle 1000 is mixed dynamic, reduces the intensity of 40 power output of engine, extend making for engine 40 Use the service life.
In first, second, third and fourth, five, six gears, the first motor generator 10 is suitable for being output to by the first transmission mechanism Second output shaft II ', i.e., when vehicle 1000 is in hybrid power driving condition, the driving force of the first motor generator 10 output It can directly be exported by the second output shaft II '.
When first motor generator 10 is as motor, it can be exported, can also be led to by II ' pure electric vehicle of the second output shaft Cross the mixed dynamic output of the second output shaft II '.
In pure electric vehicle operating condition, the power of the first motor generator 10 is reversed gear driven gear by the-the first transmission mechanism- Rb- the second output shaft II '-main reducing gear driven gear Zb- differential mechanism 30- wheel sequentially transmits.
In mixed condition of starting building, the power of one to six gear, engine 40 passes through corresponding clutch-input shaft-gear active Gear-gear driven gear-output shaft-output gear-main reducing gear driven gear Zb- differential mechanism 30- wheel sequentially transmits, the One motor generator 10 is suitable for II '-the second output gear of the second output shaft of driven gear Rb- that reverses gear by the first transmission mechanism- 2Z- main reducing gear driven gear Zb- differential mechanism 30- wheel sequentially transmits.
When vehicle 1000 is moved backward, power-driven system 100 has pure electric vehicle operating condition, pure fuel oil operating condition and mixed condition of starting building: (1) Pure electric vehicle reversing, the first motor generator 10 can realize the reversing of direct gear pure electric vehicle by motor reversal.Engine 40 is moved backward, Clutch combines, and engine 40 realizes reversing of reversing gear by reverse gear shaft III;First motor generator 10 and engine 40 while work Make that the astern condition under mixed dynamic model formula can be achieved.
That is, the first motor generator 10 can realize that power is intervened at the driven gear that reverses gear, in mixed condition of starting building In, engine 40 and the first motor generator 10 be it is parallel, by direct torque couple, can preferably protrude parallel The advantage that structural dynamic is strong, structure is simple and vehicle space layout is easily realized.
It is understood that parallel mixed power system structure can preferably be dashed forward by direct torque couple The advantage that parallel structure dynamic property is strong, structure is simple and vehicle space layout is easily realized out.
In control logic, it is basic not change double-clutch speed changer for the power-driven system 100 of the utility model embodiment Framework and shift logic, the intervention of the first motor generator 10 is showed only as being superimposed in the torque of output end, therefore conventional engine The control logic of machine 40 and speed changer and the control logic of the first motor generator 10 be it is independent, be conducive in this way save producer Development time and cost, the higher failure rate of system is avoided, even if engine 40 will not be influenced with transmission system failure The power output of first motor generator 10 when pure electric vehicle.
First motor generator 10 can be used as generator, for example power-driven system 100100 has deceleration/Brake Energy Operating condition is recycled, in deceleration or braking, energy passes to the first motor generator 10 by the driven gear Rb that reverses gear from wheel, realizes Kinetic energy recycling.
In pure electric vehicle operating condition, the power of the first motor generator 10 is reversed gear driven gear by the-the first transmission mechanism- II '-the second output gear 2Z- main reducing gear driven gear Zb- differential mechanism 30- wheel of the second output shaft of Rb- sequentially transmits.
Mixed condition of starting building is to drive corresponding gear, and engine by engine 40 is added in above-mentioned pure electric vehicle drive mode 40 drivings are mutually non-interference with the driving of the first motor generator 10, and the output of power-driven system 100 can be enhanced by working at the same time Driving force improves the operational efficiency that power-driven system 100 drives vehicle 1000, vehicle max. output torque can be made to amplify N times, Improve dynamic property, handling capacity (such as max. climb slope, ability of getting rid of poverty).Particularly with hybrid electric vehicle, due to increasing Battery pack, motor, electric-control system can effectively be promoted by the power-driven system 100 of the utility model embodiment as a result, Dynamic property and handling capacity.Power drive system according to the present utility model is described referring to Fig. 1-Fig. 3, in the first electronic hair Motor 10 intervenes in the transmission of power-driven system 100 transmission path of the power of (i.e. mixed dynamic model formula).
When the first motor generator 10 is used as motor, such as: the first motor generator 10 is as the unique dynamic of vehicle 1000 When power source or the first motor generator 10 carry out power intervention, the power transmission path of the first motor generator 10: first is electronic The first transmission mechanism of generator 10--reverse gear II '-the second output gear 2Z- main reducing gear of the output shaft of driven gear Rb-second from Moving gear Zb- differential mechanism 30- wheel;When the first motor generator 10 is as generator, power transfer path is electronic with first Path when generator 10 is as motor is identical, contrary, and details are not described herein.
As a result, when the power transmission process of the first motor generator 10 intervention power-driven system 100, vehicle can be made 1000 realize power intervention in the process of running, enhance the power performance of vehicle 1000.
According to the above-mentioned power transfer path of vehicle 1000 to make vehicle 1000 can have a variety of different Working moulds Formula: electric-only mode, pure fuel oil mode and hybrid mode describe under 1000 various modes of vehicle below according to Fig. 1-Fig. 3 The course of work of each component of vehicle 1000:
Electric-only mode: when vehicle 1000 is under electric-only mode, the first motor generator 10 can be used as power drive The sole power source of system 100, the first motor generator 10, to II ' output power of the second output shaft, work as vehicle as motor 1000 in electric-only mode, and the reversion of the first motor generator 10 can be made to realize the reversing of direct gear pure electric vehicle.
Pure fuel oil mode: when vehicle 1000 is under pure fuel oil mode, the first motor generator 10 does not work, when engine 40 When power keeps off output by odd number, in conjunction with clutch unit K1, clutch unit K2 is disconnected, the movement for passing through multiple synchronizers is alternative Ground is exported 40 power of engine by 1/3/5 gear;When 40 power of engine is kept off by even number to be exported, in conjunction with clutch unit K2, break Clutch unit K1 is opened, is optionally exported 40 power of engine by 2/4/6 gear by the movement of multiple synchronizers.To real Existing 1-6 keeps off the power output of pure fuel oil mode, when vehicle 1000 is under pure fuel oil mode, five reverse gear synchronizers can be made to make first Reverse gear 1R is engaged with reverse gear shaft III, and 40 power of engine realizes reversing of reversing gear by the transmitting of reverse gear shaft III.
Hybrid mode:, can be by starting the first motor generator 10 while engine 40 carries out 1-6 gear output Realize power intervention, to realize the mixed dynamic paralleling model output of each gear, when vehicle 1000 is in hybrid mode, the One motor generator 10 works at the same time the reversing for realizing hybrid mode with engine 40.
Meanwhile when vehicle 1000 works under pure fuel oil mode, power can be dynamic by a part after the outflow of engine 40 Power makes the first motor generator by reversing gear driven gear Rb and the first transmission mechanism is eventually transferred to the first motor generator 10 10 can generate electricity, and realize driving power generation, when vehicle 1000 is slowed down or braked, energy can finally be transmitted from wheel To the first motor generator 10, the first motor generator 10 is made to generate electricity, to realize that kinetic energy recycles.
Vehicle 1000 according to the present utility model makes first by the way that the first transmission mechanism is arranged at gear driven gear Genemotor 40 accesses power-driven system 100, so that it is defeated to make vehicle 1000 that multiple gears under electric-only mode may be implemented Out, mix dynamic model formula under can power output and electric-only mode under power output, can also be achieved driving generating function, pass through First motor generator, 10 power is directly connected to the driven gear Rb that reverses gear, shortens the drive path of motor side, promotes transmission Efficiency, while shortening the axial dimension of assembly, to make that double-motor hybrid power system dynamic property is strong, structure is simple and vehicle is empty Between arrange easily realize.
Power-driven system 100 can realize above-mentioned function, and structure flexible design multiplicity by different structure type, Some optional structure types of power-driven system 100 according to the utility model embodiment are described below.
Embodiment one
As shown in Figure 1, the main structure of speed changer can refer to the description of above-described embodiment, distinctive points are, first The structure of transmission mechanism.
First transmission mechanism includes: first motor side gear 1c and the first idle pulley 1e, first motor side gear 1c and first Motor generator 10 is connected, and the first idle pulley 1e is engaged with first motor side gear 1c, the first idle pulley 1e and the driven gear Rb that reverses gear Engagement, in this way, can be directly delivered to second by first motor side gear 1c defeated for the driving force of the first motor generator 10 output Shaft II ', and exported by the second output shaft II ', transmission process is simple, can reduce power consumption in electrokinetic process as a result, greatly Ground improves the transmission efficiency during the driving of the first motor generator 10.
Pure fuel oil operating condition, the first motor generator 10 do not work, and the power transmitting of engine 40 is transmitted with reference to above-mentioned gear Path, details are not described herein.
Under pure electric vehicle operating condition, the power of the first motor generator 10 passes through-first motor side gear the first idle pulley of 1c- 1e- reverses gear II '-the second output gear 2Z- main reducing gear driven gear Zb- differential mechanism 30- vehicle of the second output shaft of driven gear Rb- Wheel sequentially transmits.
It starts building under condition mixed, the power of one to six gear, engine 40 passes through corresponding clutch-input shaft-gear active Gear-gear driven gear-output shaft-output gear-main reducing gear driven gear Zb- differential mechanism 30- wheel sequentially transmits, the One motor generator 10 is suitable for the second output shaft of driven gear Rb- that reverses gear by first motor side gear the first idle pulley of 1c- 1e- II '-the second output gear 2Z- main reducing gear driven gear Zb- differential mechanism 30- wheel sequentially transmits.
Operating condition is recycled in deceleration/Brake Energy, in deceleration or braking, energy from wheel by the second output shaft II '-reverse gear from Moving gear Rb- the first idle pulley 1e- first motor side gear 1c- passes to the first motor generator 10, realizes kinetic energy recycling, and from Driven gear Rb to first motor side gear 1c is kept off as reduction ratio transmitting, improves generating efficiency.
The size of first idle pulley 1e can be determined according to the relative position of the first motor generator 10 and the second output shaft II '. Both it is convenient for the arrangement of the first motor generator 10 as a result, reduces speed changer structure to 10 installation site of the first motor generator It limits, reduces installation difficulty, solve the space layout of motor, and improve the transmission efficiency of the first motor generator 10, reduce Power loss in transmission process, structure are simple and practical.
Embodiment two
As shown in Fig. 2, the main structure of speed changer can refer to the description of above-described embodiment, distinctive points are, first The structure of transmission mechanism.
First transmission mechanism includes: first motor side gear 1c, the first idle pulley 1e and the second idle pulley 2e, first motor side tooth Wheel 1c is connected with the first motor generator 10, and the first idle pulley 1e is engaged with first motor side gear 1c, the first idle pulley 1e and second Idle pulley 2e engagement, the second idle pulley 2e are engaged with the driven gear Rb that reverses gear, in this way, the driving force of the first motor generator 10 output can It is directly delivered to the second output shaft II ' by first motor side gear 1c, and is exported by the second output shaft II ', transmission process letter It is single, power consumption in electrokinetic process can be reduced as a result, greatly improve the transmission during the driving of the first motor generator 10 Efficiency.
Pure fuel oil operating condition, the first motor generator 10 do not work, and the power transmitting of engine 40 is transmitted with reference to above-mentioned gear Path, details are not described herein.
Under pure electric vehicle operating condition, the power of the first motor generator 10 passes through-first motor side gear the first idle pulley of 1c- The second idle pulley of 1e- 2e- reverses gear II '-the second output gear 2Z- main reducing gear driven gear Zb- of the second output shaft of driven gear Rb- Differential mechanism 30- wheel sequentially transmits.
It starts building under condition mixed, the power of one to six gear, engine 40 passes through corresponding clutch-input shaft-gear active Gear-gear driven gear-output shaft-output gear-main reducing gear driven gear Zb- differential mechanism 30- wheel sequentially transmits, the One motor generator 10 is suitable for the driven gear Rb- that reverses gear by first motor side gear 1c- the first idle pulley the second idle pulley of 1e- 2e- Second output shaft, II '-the second output gear 2Z- main reducing gear driven gear Zb- differential mechanism 30- wheel sequentially transmits.
Operating condition is recycled in deceleration/Brake Energy, in deceleration or braking, energy from wheel by the second output shaft II '-reverse gear from Moving gear Rb- the second idle pulley 2e- the first idle pulley 1e- first motor side gear 1c- passes to the first motor generator 10, realizes kinetic energy Recycling, and generating efficiency is improved from the driven gear Rb to first motor side gear 1c that reverses gear for reduction ratio transmitting.
The size of first idle pulley 1e and the second idle pulley 2e can be according to the phases of the first motor generator 10 and the second output shaft II ' Position is determined.Both it is convenient for the arrangement of the first motor generator 10 as a result, reduces speed changer structure to the first motor generator 10 The restriction of installation site reduces installation difficulty, solves the space layout of motor, and improve the transmission of the first motor generator 10 Efficiency, reduces the power loss in transmission process, and structure is simple and practical.
Embodiment three
As shown in figure 3, the main structure of speed changer can refer to the description of above-described embodiment, distinctive points are, first The structure of transmission mechanism.
First transmission mechanism includes: first motor side gear 1c, the first idle pulley 1e, the transmission of the first transmission gear 1f and second Gear 2f, first motor side gear 1c are connected with the first motor generator 10, and the first idle pulley 1e is engaged on first motor side gear Between 1c and the first transmission gear 1f, the first transmission gear 1f is fixedly and coaxially connected with the second transmission gear 2f, the second driving cog Wheel 2f is engaged with the driven gear Rb that reverses gear, in this way, the driving force of the first motor generator 10 output can pass through first motor side tooth Wheel 1c is directly delivered to the second output shaft II ', and is exported by the second output shaft II ', and transmission process is simple, can reduce electricity as a result, Power consumption during dynamic greatly improves the transmission efficiency during the driving of the first motor generator 10.
Pure fuel oil operating condition, the first motor generator 10 do not work, and the power transmitting of engine 40 is transmitted with reference to above-mentioned gear Path, details are not described herein.
Under pure electric vehicle operating condition, the power of the first motor generator 10 passes through-first motor side gear the first idle pulley of 1c- 1e- the first transmission gear the second transmission gear of 1f- 2f- reverses gear II '-the second output gear 2Z- of the second output shaft of driven gear Rb- Main reducing gear driven gear Zb- differential mechanism 30- wheel sequentially transmits.
It starts building under condition mixed, the power of one to six gear, engine 40 passes through corresponding clutch-input shaft-gear active Gear-gear driven gear-output shaft-output gear-main reducing gear driven gear Zb- differential mechanism 30- wheel sequentially transmits, the One motor generator 10 is suitable for passing through the first idle pulley of first motor side gear 1c- 1e- the first transmission gear the second transmission gear of 1f- 2f- reverses gear II '-the second output gear 2Z- main reducing gear driven gear Zb- differential mechanism 30- vehicle of the second output shaft of driven gear Rb- Wheel sequentially transmits.
Operating condition is recycled in deceleration/Brake Energy, in deceleration or braking, energy from wheel by the second output shaft II '-reverse gear from Moving gear Rb- the second transmission gear 2f- the first transmission gear 1f- the first idle pulley 1e- first motor side gear 1c- passes to the first electricity Dynamic generator 10 is realized kinetic energy recycling, and is improved from the driven gear Rb to first motor side gear 1c that reverses gear for reduction ratio transmitting Generating efficiency.
The size of first idle pulley 1e, the first transmission gear 1f and the second transmission gear 2f can be according to the first motor generators 10 It is determined with the relative position of the second output shaft II '.Both it is convenient for the arrangement of the first motor generator 10 as a result, reduces speed changer knot Restriction of the structure to 10 installation site of the first motor generator reduces installation difficulty, solves the space layout of motor, and improves the The transmission efficiency of one motor generator 10, reduces the power loss in transmission process, and structure is simple and practical.
In conclusion power-driven system 100 has pure according to the power-driven system 100 of the utility model embodiment Fuel oil operating condition, pure electric vehicle operating condition, mixed condition of starting building, deceleration/Brake Energy recycling operating condition.
The power-driven system 100 of above-described embodiment, by the first clutch unit K1, the second clutch unit K2 and multiple same Walk selectively combining, it can be achieved that following operating condition for device:
1, pure electric vehicle operating condition: engine 40 does not work, and clutch does not work, the power of the first motor generator 10 by- First transmission mechanism-reverses gear II '-the second output gear 2Z- main reducing gear driven gear Zb- of the second output shaft of driven gear Rb- Differential mechanism 30- wheel sequentially transmits.
2, the pure fuel oil mode output of six gears: the first motor generator 10 does not work, when speed changer is odd number gear output, knot The first clutch unit K1 is closed, the second clutch unit K2 is disconnected, by the movement of synchronizer optionally by the dynamic of engine 40 Power is by a gear, three gears, five gears or output of reversing gear;When speed changer is even number gear output, in conjunction with the second clutch unit K2, the is disconnected One clutch unit K1 is optionally exported the power of engine 40 by second gear, four gears or six gears by the movement of synchronizer, To realize the power output of-six gear of a gear and pure fuel oil mode of reversing gear.
3, six gear hybrid powers export: under mixed dynamic model formula, the power of engine 40 passes through corresponding clutch-input Axis-gear driving gear-gear driven gear-output shaft-output gear-main reducing gear driven gear Zb- differential mechanism 30- wheel It sequentially transmits, the first motor generator 10 is suitable for the second output shaft of driven gear Rb- II '-that reverses gear by the-the first transmission mechanism- Second output gear 2Z- main reducing gear driven gear Zb- differential mechanism 30- wheel sequentially transmits.
4, deceleration/Brake Energy recycling: in deceleration or braking, energy is reversed gear from wheel by the second output shaft II '-driven The first transmission mechanism of gear Rb- passes to the first motor generator 10 and realizes kinetic energy recycling, and from gear driven gear to the first electricity Pusher side gear 1c is reduction ratio transmitting, improves generating efficiency.
5, vehicle 1000 is moved backward: (1) pure electric vehicle is moved backward, and motor can realize that direct gear pure electric vehicle is fallen by motor reversal Vehicle.(2) engine 40 is moved backward, and clutch combines, and engine 40 realizes reversing of reversing gear by reverse gear shaft III;(3) motor and start Machine 40 works at the same time the astern condition that can be achieved under mixed dynamic model formula.
As a result, according to the power-driven system of the utility model embodiment 100, it can be achieved that the pure electric vehicle of vehicle 1000 is driven Dynamic, pure fuel oil driving and hybrid power driving, the flexible multiselect of driving method, and the control of engine 40 and motor are relatively solely Vertical, in this way, being conducive to save development time and the cost of producer, system failure rate is low, even if engine 40 and speed changer system The problem of system failure will not influence the power output of motor when pure electric vehicle, and motor driven is interrupted there is no shift, it is safe and real With being applicable to various operating conditions.
As shown in figure 4, vehicle 1000 according to the present utility model includes according to any one of the utility model embodiment Power drive unit.
Vehicle 1000 according to the present utility model is by being arranged power drive unit according to the present utility model to have Details are not described herein for corresponding advantage.
In the description of the present invention, it should be understood that term " length ", " width ", " thickness ", " axial direction ", " diameter To ", the orientation or positional relationship of the instructions such as " circumferential direction " be to be based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, be merely for convenience of retouching State the utility model and simplify description, rather than the device or element of indication or suggestion meaning must have a particular orientation, with Specific orientation construction and operation, therefore should not be understood as limiting the present invention.
" fisrt feature ", " second feature " may include one or more spy in the description of the present invention, Sign.
The meaning of " plurality " is two or more in the description of the present invention,.
In the description of this specification, reference term " one embodiment ", " some embodiments ", " illustrative examples ", The description of " example ", " specific example " or " some examples " etc. means specific features described in conjunction with this embodiment or example, knot Structure, material or feature are contained at least one embodiment or example of the utility model.In the present specification, to above-mentioned art The schematic representation of language may not refer to the same embodiment or example.Moreover, description specific features, structure, material or Person's feature can be combined in any suitable manner in any one or more of the embodiments or examples.
While there has been shown and described that the embodiments of the present invention, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that: These embodiments can be carried out with a variety of variations, modification, replacement in the case where not departing from the principles of the present invention and objective And modification, the scope of the utility model are defined by the claims and their equivalents.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of power-driven system characterized by comprising engine, the first motor generator, speed changer, the speed change Device includes:
Clutch;
First input shaft and the second input shaft, first input shaft and second input shaft may be selected by the clutch Property be of coupled connections with the engine power, be each provided on first input shaft and second input shaft gear actively Gear, one in first input shaft and second input shaft is equipped with the driving gear that reverses gear;
First output shaft and the second output shaft, first output shaft and second output shaft respectively empty set be provided with it is described The gear driven gear that gear driving gear is engaged, second output shaft are fixedly installed the driven gear that reverses gear;
Reverse gear shaft, the reverse gear shaft be provided with the first reverse gear engaged with the driving gear that reverses gear and with it is described reverse gear from Second reverse gear of moving gear engagement;
First transmission mechanism, first motor generator pass through first transmission mechanism and the driven gear power that reverses gear It is of coupled connections.
2. power-driven system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the gear driven tooth on second output shaft Wheel is located at the same side of the driven gear that reverses gear.
3. power-driven system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that first reverse gear be placed in it is described fall Outside gear shaft, and optionally power coupling is connect with the reverse gear shaft.
4. power-driven system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that be fixedly installed one on first input shaft Driving gear, three gear driving gears, five gear driving gears and the driving gear that reverses gear are kept off, is fixedly installed on second input shaft Two gear driving gear, four gear driving gears, six gear driving gears, the first output shaft empty set be provided with a gear driven gear, Second gear driven gear, three gear driven gears, four gear driven gears, first output shaft is additionally provided with the first output gear, described Second output shaft empty set be provided with five gear driven gears, six gear driven gears, reverse gear driven gear, second output shaft is also set There is the second output gear;
Wherein, a gear driven gear and the three gear driven gear are by one or three gear synchronizers optionally with described the One outputting axial power is of coupled connections, and the second gear driven gear and the four gear driven gear may be selected by two or four gear synchronizers Property be of coupled connections with first outputting axial power, it is described five gear driven gear by five gear synchronizers optionally with institute It states the second outputting axial power to be of coupled connections, the six gear driven gear is optionally defeated with described second by six gear synchronizers The connection of shaft power coupling;
One to six gear, first motor generator be suitable for by first transmission mechanism, it is described reverse gear driven gear with The second output shaft gear power coupling.
5. power-driven system according to claim 4, which is characterized in that a gear driving gear and the driving tooth that reverses gear Wheel is integrated into one and reverses gear driving gear, and described one reverses gear driving gear and a gear driven gear and the driven gear that reverses gear Engagement;
The three gears driving gear, the five gears driving gear are integrated into three or five gear driving gears, three or the five gear driving gear It is engaged with the three gear driven gear and the five gears driven gear;
The four gears driving gear, the six gears driving gear are integrated into four or six gear driving gears, four or the six gear driving gear It is engaged with the four gear driven gear and the six gears driven gear.
6. power-driven system according to any one of claims 1-5, which is characterized in that the first transmission mechanism packet Include: first motor side gear and the first idle pulley, the first motor side gear are connected with first motor generator, and described One idle pulley is engaged between the first motor side gear and the driven gear that reverses gear.
7. power-driven system according to any one of claims 1-5, which is characterized in that the first transmission mechanism packet It includes: first motor side gear, the first idle pulley and the second idle pulley, the first motor side gear and the first motor generator phase Even, first idle pulley is engaged between the first motor side gear and second idle pulley, and second idle pulley is engaged on Between first idle pulley and the driven gear that reverses gear.
8. power-driven system according to any one of claims 1-5, which is characterized in that the first transmission mechanism packet It includes: first motor side gear, the first idle pulley, the first transmission gear and the second transmission gear, the first motor side gear and institute The first motor generator is stated to be connected, first idle pulley be engaged on the first motor side gear and first transmission gear it Between, first transmission gear is fixedly and coaxially connected with second transmission gear, and second transmission gear reverses gear with described Driven gear engagement.
9. a kind of vehicle, which is characterized in that have such as power-driven system of any of claims 1-8.
CN201822011154.7U 2018-11-30 2018-11-30 Power-driven system and vehicle with it Active CN209240859U (en)

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