CN209231183U - For testing the device of metal-rubber friction energy-dissipating performance - Google Patents

For testing the device of metal-rubber friction energy-dissipating performance Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209231183U
CN209231183U CN201821944764.6U CN201821944764U CN209231183U CN 209231183 U CN209231183 U CN 209231183U CN 201821944764 U CN201821944764 U CN 201821944764U CN 209231183 U CN209231183 U CN 209231183U
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China
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wedge block
support frame
metal
testing
roller bearing
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CN201821944764.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
任志英
陈祺鑫
白鸿柏
吴乙万
薛新
邵一川
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Fuzhou University
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Fuzhou University
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a kind of for testing the device of metal-rubber friction energy-dissipating performance, including board, motor is provided on board, screw rod is provided on the output shaft of motor, driver plate is arranged on screw rod, the screw hole A that can cooperate with screw rod is provided on driver plate, driver plate upper end is provided with mandril, mandrel ends are provided with displacement scaling device, displacement scaling device front end is provided with top plate, the top pillar coaxial with top plate is provided in top plate front end, piezoelectric transducer is provided on top pillar, the supporting table to place test test specimen is provided between top plate and top pillar, the foil gauge to measure test test piece deformation displacement is provided on test test specimen.The utility model can the friction energy-dissipating performance to metal-rubber detect, and can by displacement scaling device, improve the measurement accuracy of change in displacement.

Description

For testing the device of metal-rubber friction energy-dissipating performance
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of for testing the device of metal-rubber friction energy-dissipating performance.
Background technique
Metal-rubber is a kind of elastic cellular shape material for being fabricated helical coil wire by cold punching technology, no The only high resiliency with metal, big damping characteristic, and remain the mechanical performance of metal.When metal-rubber bears load, material Wire turn phase mutual friction inside material, sliding, squeeze etc., a large amount of vibrational energies can be consumed.Therefore, metal-rubber damping shock absorption, Filtering decompression field has important practical value.Wire turn dynamic test is one of test metal-rubber performance important means, In need using micromotion platform compressed metal rubber to obtain dry friction changing rule, the utility model illustrates a kind of for surveying The micromotion platform of ensaying category rubber friction energy-dissipating property.
Traditional micro-displacement platform uses hand turntable, the differential feed screw nut of driven by rotary disc, but because manual operation, precision Low, feed speed is low, is unable to reach test requirements document.Gradually develop a variety of micromotion platforms afterwards, mainly have using piezoelectric material or Person is based on the micromotion platform of " looper principle ", and this kind of micromotion platform can achieve the required precision of test, but equipment cost is high, Control system is complicated.
Summary of the invention
In view of this, the purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of for testing metal-rubber friction energy-dissipating performance Device, can the friction energy-dissipating performance to metal-rubber detect, and can by displacement scaling device, improve the survey of change in displacement Accuracy of measurement.
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, the technical solution of the utility model is: one kind is for testing metal-rubber friction The device of energy-dissipating property, including board, are provided with motor on board, screw rod are provided on the output shaft of motor, in screw rod On be arranged with driver plate, be provided on driver plate can with screw rod cooperate screw hole A, driver plate upper end be provided with mandril, mandril End is provided with displacement scaling device, and displacement scaling device front end is provided with top plate, is provided in top plate front end same with top plate The top pillar of axis, is provided with piezoelectric transducer on top pillar, is provided between top plate and top pillar to place test test specimen Supporting table is provided with the foil gauge to measure test test piece deformation displacement on test test specimen.
Further, the displacement scaling device includes shell, and housing bottom is provided with horizontally movable wedge block A is provided with the wedge block B being vertically movable in the upper end wedge block A, the front end wedge block B is provided with wedge block C, before wedge block C End is provided with mounting rod, and top plate is fixed on mounting rod front end, housing rear end is provided with pilot hole, mandril passes through pilot hole, top In the rear end wedge block A, the front end of wedge block A is provided with reset spring.
Further, roller bearing A is provided with below wedge block A, housing bottom be provided with groove A, roller bearing A can be It rolls in groove A, roller bearing B is provided between wedge block A and wedge block B, fluted B is set in the two sides roller bearing B, groove B In in housing sidewall, roller bearing B can be moved along groove B in vertical direction, and roller bearing C is provided between wedge block B and wedge block C, Fluted C is set at the both ends roller bearing C, groove C is located on housing wall, and roller bearing C can be moved along groove C.
Further, the top pillar includes mounting base, mounting base end face is provided with mounting hole, piezoelectric transducer is placed In in mounting hole, being provided with pressure head in mounting base, pressure head one end extends into mounting hole towards test test specimen, the pressure head other end It is interior, and contacted with piezoelectric transducer.
Further, it is equipped with guide rod in driver plate lower end, driver plate can be slided along guide rod, be arranged in guide rod two sides There are support frame A, support frame A to be fixed on board.
Further, screw end is provided with support frame B, support frame B is fixed on board.
Further, displacement scaling device lower end is provided with support frame C, support frame C is fixed on board.
Further, top pillar rear end is provided with support frame D, support frame D is fixed on board.
Further, it is provided with the limiting slot for preventing test test specimen from rolling in supporting table, supporting table end is provided with branch Support E, is provided with mounting groove on support frame E, bolt is equipped in mounting groove, and being provided in supporting table can match with bolt Supporting table is fixed on support frame E by the screw hole B of conjunction by the cooperation of bolt and screw hole B, while can limited by adjusting bolt It is moved in the slot of position, and then adjusts the height of supporting table.
Compared with prior art, the utility model has the beneficial effects that the utility model can consume the friction of metal-rubber Energy performance is detected, and can improve the measurement accuracy of change in displacement, while each portion of the utility model by displacement scaling device Divide and use modularized design, each part replacement is simple, easy to maintenance.
To can be more clearly understood the above objects, features, and advantages of the utility model, with reference to the accompanying drawing to this The specific embodiment of utility model elaborates.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the utility model embodiment;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of the utility model embodiment driver plate;
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram that the utility model embodiment is displaced scaling device;
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of the utility model top pillar;
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of the utility model embodiment supporting table;
In figure: 100- board;110- support frame A;120- support frame B;130- support frame C;140- support frame D;150- branch Support E;151- mounting groove;152- bolt;200- motor;210- screw rod;300- driver plate;310- screw hole A;320- mandril; 400- is displaced scaling device;410- shell;411- pilot hole;412- groove A;413- groove B;414- groove C;420- wedge block A;430- wedge block B;440- wedge block C;450- mounting rod;460- reset spring;470- roller bearing A;480- roller bearing B;490- rolling Axis C;500- top plate;600- top pillar;610- piezoelectric transducer;620- mounting base;630- mounting hole;640- pressure head;700- branch Support platform;710- limiting slot;720- screw hole B;800- tests test specimen;810- foil gauge;900- guide rod.
Specific embodiment
It is a kind of for testing the device of metal-rubber friction energy-dissipating performance, including board 100 as shown in Fig. 1 ~ 5, in board It is provided with motor 200 on 100, screw rod 210 is provided on the output shaft of motor 200, is arranged with driver plate on screw rod 210 300, it is provided with the screw hole A310 that can cooperate with screw rod 210 on driver plate 300,300 upper end of driver plate be provided with mandril 320, 320 end of mandril is provided with displacement scaling device 400, displacement 400 front end of scaling device is provided with top plate 500, in top plate 500 Front end is provided with the top pillar 600 coaxial with top plate 500, and piezoelectric transducer 610 is provided on top pillar 600, top plate 500 with It is provided with the supporting table 700 to place test test specimen 800 between top pillar 600, is provided on test test specimen 800 to measure Test the foil gauge 810 of 800 deformation displacement of test specimen.It is used as power mechanism by motor 200, power is provided for complete machine, passes through spiral shell Bar 210, driver plate 300, mandril 320 and displacement scaling device 400 are driven, and transmitting displacement and power are sensed by piezoelectric type Device 610 detects the data of pressure, passes through foil gauge 810, the deformation displacement of detection test test specimen 800, by being displaced scaling device 400, improve the measurement accuracy of change in displacement.
In the present embodiment, the displacement scaling device 400 includes shell 410, and being provided in 410 bottom of shell horizontal can move Dynamic wedge block A420 is provided with the wedge block B430 being vertically movable in the upper end wedge block A420, in the front end wedge block B430 It is provided with wedge block C440, the front end wedge block C440 is provided with mounting rod 450, and top plate 500 is fixed on 450 front end of mounting rod, 410 rear end of shell is provided with pilot hole 411, and mandril 320 passes through pilot hole 411, the rear end wedge block A420 withstood on, in wedge block The front end of A420 is provided with reset spring 460.When mandril 320 moves forward, wedge block can be made by wedge block A420 to sinciput A420 moves forward distance L1, and wedge block B430 moves up L2, and wedge block C440 moves forward L3, as shown in figure 3, L1, L2, L3 meets following relationship: L2=L1/tan α, L3=L2*tan β, and wherein α is greater than 45 °, and β makes wedge block A420's less than 45 ° When displacement is transmitted to wedge block C440, it can be narrowed to certain multiple, and can require according to measurement accuracy, select different gradients Wedge block achievees the effect that the measurement accuracy for improving change in displacement.
In the present embodiment, it is provided with roller bearing A470 below wedge block A420, is provided with and groove in 410 bottom of shell A412, roller bearing A470 can be rolled in groove A412, and roller bearing B480 is provided between wedge block A420 and wedge block B430, Fluted B413 is arranged in the two sides roller bearing B480, and groove B413 is located on 410 side wall of shell, and roller bearing B480 can be along groove B413 perpendicular Histogram is provided with roller bearing C490 to movement between wedge block B430 and wedge block C440, is provided at the both ends roller bearing C490 recessed Slot C414, groove C414 are located on 410 wall of shell, and roller bearing C490 can be moved along groove C414.In wedge block A420, wedge block Between B430, wedge block C440 during displacement transmitting, roller bearing A470, roller bearing B480, roller bearing C490, which can reduce, to be rubbed and can pass Pass displacement.
In the present embodiment, the top pillar 600 includes mounting base 620, and 620 end face of mounting base is provided with mounting hole 630, is pressed Electric-type sensor 610 is placed in mounting hole 630, and pressure head 640, the direction test of 640 one end of pressure head are provided in mounting base 620 Test specimen 800,640 other end of pressure head extends into mounting hole 630, and contacts with piezoelectric transducer 610.
In the present embodiment, it is equipped with guide rod 900 in 300 lower end of driver plate, driver plate 300 can be slided along guide rod 900, 900 two sides of guide rod are provided with support frame A110, support frame A110 is fixed on board 100.
In the present embodiment, 210 end of screw rod is provided with support frame B120, support frame B120 is fixed on board 100.
In the present embodiment, displacement 400 lower end of scaling device is provided with support frame C130, support frame C130 is fixed on board On 100.
In the present embodiment, 600 rear end of top pillar is provided with support frame D140, support frame D140 is fixed on board 100.
In the present embodiment, the limiting slot 710 for preventing test test specimen 800 from rolling is provided in supporting table 700, in supporting table 700 ends are provided with support frame E150, and mounting groove 151 is provided on support frame E150, are equipped with bolt in mounting groove 151 152, it is provided with the screw hole B720 that can cooperate with bolt 152 in supporting table 700, passes through the cooperation of bolt 152 and screw hole B720 Supporting table 700 is fixed on support frame E150, while can be moved in limiting slot 710 by adjusting bolt 152, and then adjust The height of supporting table 700.
Specific implementation process:
(1) it first adjusts bolt 152 according to the size of test test specimen 800 and is moved in limiting slot 710, and then by supporting table 700 are adjusted to height appropriate, and after regulating, bolt 152 is tightened, is fixed on supporting table 700 on support frame E150, then will Test test specimen 800 is placed in the limiting slot 710 of supporting table 700;
(2) after test test specimen 800 being placed in supporting table 700, control motor 200 rotates forward certain angle, and motor 200 is just Turn, the screw rod 210 on 200 output shaft of motor is driven to rotate forward, screw rod 210 rotates forward, and drives driver plate 300 to Forward Dynamic, driver plate 300 moves forward, and mandril 320 is driven to move forward, and mandril 320 moves forward, and drives the wedge of 320 front end of mandril Shape block A420 moves forward certain distance in the horizontal direction, and wedge block A420 is moved forward, and drives wedge block B430 along vertical side To certain distance is moved up, wedge block B430 is moved upwards, and drives wedge block C440 to travel forward certain distance, wedge block C440 is moved forward, and top plate 500 is driven to travel forward, and is applied pressure to test test specimen 800, is formed and squeezed, in wedge block A420 During displacement is passed to wedge block B430 and during displacement is passed to wedge block C440 by wedge block B430, Every primary displacement of transmitting between wedge block A420, wedge block B430, wedge block C440, so that it may which the value of displacement is contracted to wedge block The tangent value at inclination angle times, during transmitting is displaced between wedge block A420, wedge block B430, wedge block C440, roller bearing A470, Roller bearing B480, roller bearing C490, which can reduce, rubs and can transmit displacement;
(3) during 500 pairs of test test specimens 800 of top plate apply pressure, test test specimen 800 can deform displacement, The foil gauge 810 being attached on test test specimen 800 detects the deformation displacement, and passes data to controller, meanwhile, During 500 pairs of test test specimens 800 of top plate squeeze, pressure can be passed to top pillar 600 by test test specimen 800, pass through top pillar 600 Pressure head 640 pressure is passed into piezoelectric transducer 610, piezoelectric transducer 610 by pressure signal transmission to controller, it is right The physical property of test test specimen 800 is tested.
Aforesaid operations process and software and hardware configuration are not intended to limit this only as the preferred embodiment of the utility model The scope of the patents of utility model, equivalents made by using the description of the utility model and the drawings, or directly or It is used in correlative technology field indirectly, is also included in the patent protection scope of the utility model.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of for testing the device of metal-rubber friction energy-dissipating performance, it is characterised in that: including board, be arranged on board There is motor, be provided with screw rod on the output shaft of motor, driver plate is arranged on screw rod, energy and screw rod are provided on driver plate The screw hole A of cooperation is provided with mandril in driver plate upper end, and mandrel ends are provided with displacement scaling device, in displacement scaling device Front end is provided with top plate, and the top pillar coaxial with top plate is provided in top plate front end, piezoelectric transducer is provided on top pillar, It is provided with the supporting table to place test test specimen between top plate and top pillar, is provided on test test specimen to measure test examination The foil gauge of part deformation displacement.
2. according to claim 1 for testing the device of metal-rubber friction energy-dissipating performance, it is characterised in that: institute's rheme Moving scaling device includes shell, housing bottom is provided with horizontally movable wedge block A, being provided in the upper end wedge block A can The wedge block B of vertical shift is provided with wedge block C in the front end wedge block B, and the front end wedge block C is provided with mounting rod, and top plate is fixed In mounting rod front end, housing rear end is provided with pilot hole, mandril passes through pilot hole, the rear end wedge block A withstood on, in wedge block A Front end be provided with reset spring.
3. according to claim 2 for testing the device of metal-rubber friction energy-dissipating performance, it is characterised in that: in wedge shape Roller bearing A is provided with below block A, being provided in housing bottom can roll with groove A, roller bearing A in groove A, wedge block A with It is provided with roller bearing B between wedge block B, fluted B is set in the two sides roller bearing B, groove B is located in housing sidewall, and roller bearing B can be along recessed Slot B is mobile in vertical direction, and roller bearing C is provided between wedge block B and wedge block C, and fluted C is arranged at the both ends roller bearing C, recessed Slot C is located on housing wall, and roller bearing C can be moved along groove C.
4. according to claim 1 for testing the device of metal-rubber friction energy-dissipating performance, it is characterised in that: the top Column includes mounting base, mounting base end face is provided with mounting hole, piezoelectric transducer is placed in mounting hole, is set in mounting base It is equipped with pressure head, towards test test specimen, the pressure head other end is extended into mounting hole, and contacts with piezoelectric transducer for pressure head one end.
5. according to claim 1 for testing the device of metal-rubber friction energy-dissipating performance, it is characterised in that: be driven Plate lower end is equipped with guide rod, and driver plate can be slided along guide rod, guide rod two sides is provided with support frame A, support frame A is fixed on On board.
6. according to claim 1 for testing the device of metal-rubber friction energy-dissipating performance, it is characterised in that: in screw rod End is provided with support frame B, and support frame B is fixed on board.
7. according to claim 1 for testing the device of metal-rubber friction energy-dissipating performance, it is characterised in that: be displaced Scaling device lower end is provided with support frame C, and support frame C is fixed on board.
8. according to claim 1 for testing the device of metal-rubber friction energy-dissipating performance, it is characterised in that: in top pillar Rear end is provided with support frame D, and support frame D is fixed on board.
9. according to claim 1 for testing the device of metal-rubber friction energy-dissipating performance, it is characterised in that: supporting table On be provided with prevent test test specimen roll limiting slot, supporting table end is provided with support frame E, is provided on support frame E Mounting groove is equipped with bolt in mounting groove, and the screw hole B that can cooperate with bolt is provided in supporting table, passes through bolt and spiral shell Supporting table is fixed on support frame E by the cooperation of hole B, while can be moved in limiting slot by adjusting bolt, and then adjust branch Support the height of platform.
CN201821944764.6U 2018-11-24 2018-11-24 For testing the device of metal-rubber friction energy-dissipating performance Active CN209231183U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821944764.6U CN209231183U (en) 2018-11-24 2018-11-24 For testing the device of metal-rubber friction energy-dissipating performance

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821944764.6U CN209231183U (en) 2018-11-24 2018-11-24 For testing the device of metal-rubber friction energy-dissipating performance

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN209231183U true CN209231183U (en) 2019-08-09

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Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN209231183U (en)

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