CN209199960U - Solar components and solar energy system - Google Patents

Solar components and solar energy system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209199960U
CN209199960U CN201821087749.4U CN201821087749U CN209199960U CN 209199960 U CN209199960 U CN 209199960U CN 201821087749 U CN201821087749 U CN 201821087749U CN 209199960 U CN209199960 U CN 209199960U
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China
Prior art keywords
solar
layer
transparent
front plate
solar components
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CN201821087749.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
郭玉亭
杨拥
周琪
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Beijing Hanergy Solar Power Investment Co Ltd
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Beijing Hanergy Solar Power Investment Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201821087749.4U priority Critical patent/CN209199960U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

This application discloses a kind of solar components and solar energy systems.Solar components include the transparent back panel set gradually, the first adhesive layer, solar chip, the second adhesive layer and transparent front plate;The transparent front plate or the transparent back panel are hollow structure, and pasted color-membrane is fitted in the transparent front plate, and second adhesive layer is transparent bonding layer.Solar energy system includes the solar components described at least one.Solar components and solar energy system provided by the embodiment of the present application, which can be realized, more adequately utilizes the solar energy for being irradiated to solar components, and is also equipped with good decorative performance.

Description

Solar components and solar energy system
Technical field
This application involves technical field of solar more particularly to a kind of solar components and solar energy system.
Background technique
As the increasingly reduction and people of non-renewable energy resources are to the growing interest of energy environment protection, develop and use renewable New energy have become a strategic task of the whole society.And among these, solar energy is as a kind of renewable cleaning energy Source, the scale of construction is huge and acquisition modes are convenient, therefore becomes a focus development direction.
In order to carry out solar power generation, more and more appearances of building use solar components progress solar power generation. For the ease of installing and collecting electric energy, in the related technology usually by solar energy such as many solar components composition solar energy curtain walls System.These solar energy systems possess very big daylighting area, therefore have considerable generated energy.
However, being limited by current photovoltaic power generation material, solar components dicoration in the related technology is poor, is not able to satisfy Solar components are in the application of Photovoltaic Building Integration to the diversified demand of color.
Utility model content
The embodiment of the present application provides a kind of solar components and solar energy system, to solve the above problems.
The embodiment of the present application adopts the following technical solutions:
In a first aspect, the embodiment of the present application provides a kind of solar components, including set gradually transparent back panel, first Adhesive layer, solar chip, the second adhesive layer and transparent front plate;
The transparent front plate or the transparent back panel are hollow structure, and are fitted with pasted color-membrane in the transparent front plate, Second adhesive layer is transparent bonding layer.
Optionally, in above-mentioned solar components, the pasted color-membrane is fitted in the transparent front plate away from described second The side of adhesive layer.
Optionally, in above-mentioned solar components, the hollow structure includes the first hyaline layer, the second hyaline layer, isolation Frame and sealant;
First hyaline layer and second hyaline layer are located at the two sides of the isolation frame, and described first is transparent Layer, second hyaline layer and the isolation frame surround hollow space and glue groove jointly, and the glue groove is around described Hollow space and separated with the hollow space by the frame of be isolated, the sealant filling glue groove, the colour Attachment film is on first hyaline layer and/or second hyaline layer.
Optionally, in above-mentioned solar components, the hollow structure further includes moisture absorption portion, and the moisture absorption portion is encapsulated in institute It states in isolation frame, the side of isolation frame towards the hollow space is provided with the air inlet being connected to the moisture absorption portion.
Optionally, in above-mentioned solar components, the pasted color-membrane includes at least one layering;Each layering Color is identical or different.
Optionally, in above-mentioned solar components, the solar chip includes the substrate and solar energy being stacked Battery layers, the substrate is Nian Jie with first adhesive layer, and the solar cell layer is Nian Jie with second adhesive layer.
It optionally, further include sealant tape in above-mentioned solar components, the solar cell layer and the substrate Between edge there are one circle sealant coating area, the sealant tape be coated in the sealant coating area and simultaneously with the substrate And the transparent front plate sealing bonding.
It optionally, further include terminal box in above-mentioned solar components, the terminal box is arranged in the solar chip Side, the terminal box is electrically connected by busbar and the solar chip.
Optionally, in above-mentioned solar components, the substrate is transparent substrates;First adhesive layer is transparent bonding Layer;
Light tank or loophole are provided on the solar cell layer;Alternatively, the solar cell layer uses light transmission Solar cell layer.
Second aspect, the embodiment of the present application provide a kind of solar energy system, including the solar energy group described at least one Part.
The embodiment of the present application use at least one above-mentioned technical solution can reach it is following the utility model has the advantages that
Solar components and solar energy system disclosed in the embodiment of the present application pass through setting hollow structure and pasted color-membrane It can make solar components that also there is good heat preservation and color effect while power generation.
Detailed description of the invention
The drawings described herein are used to provide a further understanding of the present application, constitutes part of this application, this Shen Illustrative embodiments and their description please are not constituted an undue limitation on the present application for explaining the application.In the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is the whole side view of solar components disclosed in the embodiment of the present application;
Fig. 2 is the part-structure explosive view of solar components disclosed in the embodiment of the present application;
Fig. 3 is the partial section enlarged view of part A in Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is the facing structure view of solar cell layer and sealant tape.
Description of symbols:
It is 1- transparent back panel, the first hyaline layer of 10-, the second hyaline layer of 11-, 12- isolation frame, 13- sealant, absolutely empty in 14- Between, 15- moisture absorption portion, 16- sealed Cellophane, 18- glue groove, 2- solar electrical energy generation module, the first adhesive layer of 20-, 21- substrate, 22- Solar cell layer, 220- loophole, the second adhesive layer of 23-, 24- transparent front plate, 25- sealant tape, 26- busbar, 27- are color Color pad pasting, 28- sealant coating area, 3- terminal box.
Specific embodiment
To keep the purposes, technical schemes and advantages of the application clearer, below in conjunction with the application specific embodiment and Technical scheme is clearly and completely described in corresponding attached drawing.Obviously, described embodiment is only the application one Section Example, instead of all the embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the application, those of ordinary skill in the art are not doing Every other embodiment obtained under the premise of creative work out, shall fall in the protection scope of this application.
Below in conjunction with attached drawing, the technical scheme provided by various embodiments of the present application will be described in detail.
In the application, colour is other tones in visible light in addition to black, white, grey.
The embodiment of the present application discloses a kind of solar components, including transparent back panel, the first adhesive layer, solar chip, Second adhesive layer and transparent front plate.In the present embodiment, transparent back panel or transparent front plate are hollow structure.Fig. 1 to Fig. 4 institute Backboard 1 is shown as transparent for using the topology view of hollow structure.Specifically, transparent back panel 1 is the double-layer structure of inner hollow, such as Hollow glass, transparent back panel 1 include the first hyaline layer 10, the second hyaline layer 11, isolation frame 12 and sealant 13, and frame 12 is isolated It is support construction, the first hyaline layer 10 and the second hyaline layer 11 are located at the two sides of isolation frame 12, in the branch of isolation frame 12 Under support, the first hyaline layer 10, the second hyaline layer 11 and isolation frame 12 surround hollow space 14 and glue groove 18 jointly.Its In, glue groove 18 is separated around hollow space 14 and with hollow space 14 by the way that frame 12 is isolated, and isolation frame 12, which generallys use, to be easy to Molding material, such as aluminium.
Sealant 13 fill glue groove 18,13 one side of sealant by the first hyaline layer 10, the second hyaline layer 11 and every It is adhesively fixed together from frame 12, on the other hand also functions to sealing function, prevent extraneous steam, dust etc. by the first hyaline layer 10, the second hyaline layer 11 enters in hollow space 14 with the gap being isolated between frame 12.Sealant 13 can be using neutral silicon Structure sealant, this sealant have good plasticity and adhering and sealing performance.In addition, the present embodiment can also every Two sides setting sealed Cellophane 16 from frame 12 carries out auxiliary seal such as butyl glue film.
The first hyaline layer 10 and the second hyaline layer 11 in the present embodiment can for glass, crystal or it is other can light transmission and Material with certain degree of hardness.In order to guarantee good translucent effect, the first hyaline layer 10 and the second hyaline layer 11 at least the two One of can use ultra-clear glasses, the iron content in ultra-clear glasses is lower, therefore has compared to simple glass higher Light transmittance.At the same time, in order to improve security performance, the first hyaline layer 10 can be adopted with the second hyaline layer 11 at least alternative one Use tempered glass.If to have above-mentioned two aspects effect simultaneously, the first hyaline layer 10 and the second hyaline layer 11 can be using super White tempered glass.
Hollow space 14 can be effectively isolated sound and heat, thus can make transparent back panel have good sound insulation with Heat insulation effect.Since hollow space 14 is sealing space, once it is difficult to clean up into steam, therefore the present embodiment can be transparent Moisture absorption portion 15 is set inside backboard 1, and moisture absorption portion 15 can be encapsulated in isolation frame 12, while frame 12 is being isolated towards hollow space 14 Side be provided with the air inlet being connected to moisture absorption portion 15, the steam inside hollow space 14 can touch suction by air inlet Damp portion 15.Moisture absorption portion 15 can be point using models such as 3A using desiccant pack, active charcoal bag etc., more optional mode Son sieve.
As shown in Figures 2 and 3, when transparent back panel 1 is hollow structure, the first adhesive layer 20, solar chip, second are glued Knot layer 23 and transparent front plate 24 can collectively constitute the solar electrical energy generation module 2 for solar power generation, solar power generation mould Block 2 is stacked with transparent back panel 1.The first hyaline layer that solar electrical energy generation module 2 passes through the first adhesive layer 20 and transparent back panel 1 10 or second hyaline layer 11 fitting bonding.Solar chip can be using the knot for being bonded solar cell layer 22 on substrate 21 Structure, substrate 21 is Nian Jie with the first adhesive layer 20 at this time, and solar cell layer 22 is Nian Jie with the second adhesive layer 23, i.e. solar-electricity Pond layer 22 is towards transparent front plate 24.But solar chip is also not excluded in the present embodiment using silicon crystal slate or other structures.Certainly, If transparent front plate 24 be hollow structure, solar electrical energy generation module 2 by transparent back panel 1, the first adhesive layer 20, solar chip with And second adhesive layer 23 collectively constitute.Solar cell layer 22 is still towards transparent front plate 24 at this time.
In the present embodiment, transparent back panel 1 and transparent front plate 24 itself are light-permeable, in order to improve security performance, this Transparent front plate 24 in embodiment is optional to use tempered glass, likewise, in order to guarantee good translucent effect, transparent front plate 24 Ultra-clear glasses can be used.Or transparent front plate 24 can use ultrawhite tempered glass, make it while having good safety Property and translucent effect.
Transparent back panel 1 and transparent front plate 24 in order to make solar components externally generate color effect, in the present embodiment Pasted color-membrane 27 is at least fitted in alternative one, pasted color-membrane 27 is the film layer with color and some strength, colour patch Film can be fitted in transparent back panel 1 and transparent front plate 24 by bonding agent etc..Specifically, when colored plated film 27 is arranged It when on hollow structure, can be provided separately on the first hyaline layer 10, can also be provided separately on the second hyaline layer 11.It removes Except this, the present embodiment can also include simultaneously multiple pasted color-membranes 27, such as in the first hyaline layer 10 and the second hyaline layer Pasted color-membrane 27 is set simultaneously on 11.When in use, solar components provided by the present embodiment are arranged on wall, make The colour on the first hyaline layer 10 and the second hyaline layer 11 is arranged in towards interior towards outdoor, transparent back panel 1 in bright foreboard 24 Pad pasting 27 can make solar components be had color effect when indoor observation.
Pasted color-membrane 27 can also be set in the present embodiment in transparent front plate 24, solar components can be made by outdoor sight There is apparent color effect when examining.Wherein, pasted color-membrane 27 can be only including a layering, i.e. single layer structure, can also be same When include multiple layerings, formed multi-layer compound structure.Also, same color can be used in these layerings, can also be used Different colours, so that solar components be made to have appearance more abundant and stronger structural strength.
Pasted color-membrane 27 can be set in transparent front plate 24 towards a side surface of the second adhesive layer 23, also can be set Transparent front plate 24 is optional in a side surface of the second adhesive layer 23, the present embodiment, and pasted color-membrane 27 can be set transparent Foreboard 24 is towards the side of the second adhesive layer 23.Pasted color-membrane 27 becomes except colour making solar components obtain appearance in this way Transparent front plate 24 can also be protected.
In order to guarantee the normal power generation of solar cell layer 22, the second adhesive layer 23 in the present embodiment is needed using light transmission Glue, such as PVB film etc. form transparent bonding layer.Light passes through transparent front plate 24 and the second adhesive layer 23 reaches solar energy core Piece 22.A part of solar energy can be absorbed by solar chip 22 and be converted to electric energy at this time.
As shown in figure 4, if the present embodiment is placed with one or more light tanks or light transmission on solar cell layer 22 Hole 220 passes through for light, while the first adhesive layer 20 and substrate 21 are also all made of transparent material, then solar components integrally will It can be penetrated for light, form transparent effect.A part of light successively penetrates substrate 21, first after passing through loophole 220 again It injects indoor after adhesive layer 20 and transparent back panel 1, realizes indoor normal daylighting, to realize to being irradiated to solar energy group Solar energy on part more adequately utilizes.
The shape that the shape of loophole 220 can be surrounded for circle, ellipse etc. by curve, can also triangular in shape, side The polygon that shape etc. is surrounded by straight line.Multiple loopholes 220 can be in various rows such as square matrix arrangement, annular array or random alignments Column mode.There is no limit as long as can satisfy light transmission requirement for structure and arrangement mode of the present embodiment to loophole 220 Using.
In addition to the mode for being placed with one or more loopholes 220 on solar cell layer 22, solar cell layer 22 The euphotic solar energy battery layers that light transmission itself can also be directlyed adopt, as 22 thickness of solar cell layer very hour can be real Existing itself light transmission of solar cell layer 22.
In order to realize light transmission and color effect simultaneously, the color film in the present embodiment, which can use, has color PVB film, this PVB film are intended merely to need to add in common raw material during making film with color effect Masterbatch makes PVB film also have color while having high light transmittance.The technique belongs to mature technology, on the market also There is mature color film product.
Continuing with referring to figs. 2 and 3, solar chip 22 is corroded by external environment in order to prevent, and the present embodiment can be with When solar cell layer 22 is arranged, there are one between solar cell layer 22 and the edge of substrate 21 to enclose sealant coating area 28, And sealant tape 25 is coated in sealant coating area 28, seal sealant tape 25 with substrate 21 and transparent front plate 24 simultaneously Bonding, so that solar cell layer 22 be sealed.Sealant tape 25 can use butyl rubber belt, and butyl rubber belt has good close Effect is sealed, although butyl rubber belt 25 is usually opaque, since it is arranged in marginal position, to the present embodiment solar energy group The integral light-transmitting performance of part not will cause adverse effect substantially.
In order to collect and export electric energy caused by solar cell layer 22, busbar 26, busbar 26 can be set One end and solar cell layer 22 be electrically connected, the other end of busbar 26 extends to outside solar cell layer 22.Busbar 26 can extend to the edge of solar chip directly through sealant coating area 28.It in the present embodiment, can be in solar-electricity A terminal box 3 is nearby arranged in pond layer 22, and one end that busbar 26 extends to the edge of solar chip electrically connects with terminal box 3 It connects.In order to simplify structure, the optional side that terminal box 3 is fixed on to solar chip by modes such as bondings in the present embodiment, Busbar 26 can contact terminal box 3 after passing through sealant coating area 28 in this way.Terminal box 3 is optional to use written examination terminal box, pen Wire box of trying is more very thin, can be fitted in the side of solar chip.
It is above-mentioned to may include at least one the embodiment of the present application also provides a kind of solar energy system, in the solar energy system Solar components.These solar components, which are stitched together, can form solar energy curtain wall or light-transmitting roof, to adapt to build Different demands.
Solar components and solar energy system provided by the embodiment of the present application can be realized to being irradiated to solar components Solar energy more adequately utilize, and be also equipped with good decorative performance.
Emphasis describes the difference between each embodiment, difference between each embodiment in the application foregoing embodiments As long as optimization feature non-contradiction, can combine to form more preferably embodiment, it is contemplated that style of writing is succinct, then no longer superfluous at this It states.
The above description is only an example of the present application, is not intended to limit this application.For those skilled in the art For, various changes and changes are possible in this application.All any modifications made within the spirit and principles of the present application are equal Replacement, improvement etc., should be included within the scope of the claims of this application.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of solar components, which is characterized in that including set gradually transparent back panel, the first adhesive layer, solar chip, Second adhesive layer and transparent front plate;
The transparent front plate or the transparent back panel are hollow structure, and are fitted with pasted color-membrane in the transparent front plate, described Second adhesive layer is transparent bonding layer.
2. solar components according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the pasted color-membrane is fitted in the transparent front plate Away from the side of second adhesive layer.
3. solar components according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the hollow structure includes the first hyaline layer, the Two hyaline layers, isolation frame and sealant;
First hyaline layer and second hyaline layer be located at it is described isolation frame two sides, first hyaline layer, Second hyaline layer and the isolation frame surround hollow space and glue groove jointly, and the glue groove is around described hollow Space and separated with the hollow space by the frame of be isolated, the sealant filling glue groove, the pasted color-membrane It is fitted on first hyaline layer and/or second hyaline layer.
4. solar components according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the hollow structure further includes moisture absorption portion, described Moisture absorption portion is encapsulated in the isolation frame, and the side of isolation frame towards the hollow space is provided with to be connected with the moisture absorption portion Logical air inlet.
5. solar components according to any one of claims 1 to 4, which is characterized in that the pasted color-membrane includes at least One layering;The color of each layering is identical or different.
6. solar components according to any one of claims 1 to 4, which is characterized in that the solar chip includes layer The substrate and solar cell layer of folded setting, the substrate is Nian Jie with first adhesive layer, the solar cell layer and The second adhesive layer bonding.
7. solar components according to claim 6, which is characterized in that it further include sealant tape, the solar battery There are a circle sealant coating area between floor and the edge of the substrate, the sealant tape is coated in the sealant coating area simultaneously It is Nian Jie with the substrate and transparent front plate sealing simultaneously.
8. solar components according to claim 6, which is characterized in that further include terminal box, the terminal box setting exists The side of the solar chip, the terminal box are electrically connected by busbar and the solar chip.
9. solar components according to claim 6, which is characterized in that the substrate is transparent substrates;Described first is viscous Knot layer is transparent bonding layer;
Light tank or loophole are provided on the solar cell layer;Alternatively, the solar cell layer uses the light transmission sun It can battery layers.
10. a kind of solar energy system, which is characterized in that including the described in any item solar energy groups of at least one claim 1 to 9 Part.
CN201821087749.4U 2018-07-10 2018-07-10 Solar components and solar energy system Active CN209199960U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821087749.4U CN209199960U (en) 2018-07-10 2018-07-10 Solar components and solar energy system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821087749.4U CN209199960U (en) 2018-07-10 2018-07-10 Solar components and solar energy system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN209199960U true CN209199960U (en) 2019-08-02

Family

ID=67404517

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201821087749.4U Active CN209199960U (en) 2018-07-10 2018-07-10 Solar components and solar energy system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN209199960U (en)

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