CN209139665U - Seamless steel cylinder automatic necking molding equipment - Google Patents

Seamless steel cylinder automatic necking molding equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209139665U
CN209139665U CN201822088696.4U CN201822088696U CN209139665U CN 209139665 U CN209139665 U CN 209139665U CN 201822088696 U CN201822088696 U CN 201822088696U CN 209139665 U CN209139665 U CN 209139665U
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Prior art keywords
steel cylinder
bottleneck
frame
workpiece
base
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CN201822088696.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李霖雨
李百升
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Weifang Tektronix Machinery Co Ltd
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Weifang Tektronix Machinery Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model proposes a kind of seamless steel cylinder automatic necking molding equipments, including steel cylinder Workpiece clamping host, steel cylinder workpiece bottleneck pre-shaping device and steel cylinder workpiece bottleneck shoulder post forming device;Steel cylinder workpiece bottleneck pre-shaping device includes scraper plate oscillating oil cylinder, and swing arm is equipped on swinging axle, and closing in scraper plate mold is equipped on swing arm;Steel cylinder workpiece bottleneck shoulder post forming device includes being slidably mounted on base to radially slide frame, it radially slides and is slidably fitted with the frame that slides axially on frame, it slides axially and is rotatably equipped with molding spinning roller on frame, it slides axially and is also equipped with bottle neck top mounting rack on frame, bottle neck top mounting rack is equipped with bottle neck top.The utility model realizes the automatic moulding of bottleneck and shoulder, it is no longer necessary to which artificial treatment can reach the smooth no groove mark in shoulder surface and beautiful shape;And bottleneck inner hole can be ejected in steel bottle shrinking-mouth, bottleneck end blank is neat, eliminates that steel bottle mouth is flush before thread and drilling process.

Description

Seamless steel cylinder automatic necking molding equipment
Technical field
The utility model relates to steel cylinder technical field of processing equipment, form more particularly, to a kind of seamless steel cylinder automatic necking Equipment.
Background technique
Steel cylinder is the steel bottle for storage high pressure oxygen, coal gas, oil liquefied gas etc., and steel bottle shrinking-mouth process is that steel cylinder is raw The important step of production, steel cylinder production in the prior art are primarily present following two problems: first is that forming after existing steel bottle shrinking-mouth Shoulder groove mark is more, and shoulder shape unsightly, needs manual polishing to handle, labor intensity of workers is big, building ring after molding of closing up Border is severe;And during closing up, scraper plate mold is easy sizing, and burn failure is fast;And the bottleneck of harvest be it is solid, it is subsequent will also be again Do punching processing.Second is that there are the bad control of shoulder shape after existing steel bottle shrinking-mouth, working efficiency is low, and bottleneck after molding It also needs to carry out the deficiencies of flush and drilling process goes thread again.
Utility model content
The utility model proposes a kind of seamless steel cylinder automatic necking molding equipment, realize bottleneck and shoulder it is automatic at Type not can reach the smooth no groove mark in shoulder surface and beautiful shape needing artificial treatment i.e.;And it can be pushed up in steel bottle shrinking-mouth Bottle outlet inner hole, bottleneck end blank is neat, eliminates that steel bottle mouth is flush and drilling process.
The technical solution of the utility model is achieved in that seamless steel cylinder automatic necking molding equipment, including base, institute Base is stated equipped with steel cylinder Workpiece clamping host, steel cylinder workpiece bottleneck pre-shaping device and steel cylinder workpiece bottleneck shoulder post forming Device;
The steel cylinder workpiece bottleneck pre-shaping device includes the scraper plate oscillating oil cylinder being installed on the base, the scraper plate The extending direction of the swinging axle of oscillating oil cylinder is radially consistent with the steel cylinder workpiece, is equipped with swing arm on the swinging axle, Closing in scraper plate mold is installed on the swing arm;
The steel cylinder workpiece bottleneck shoulder post forming device includes radially sliding to be installed on the base along steel cylinder workpiece On radially slide frame, the frame that radially slides is connected with the first power device, described to radially slide on frame along the steel cylinder work Sliding axially for part is equipped with the frame that slides axially, and the frame that slides axially is connected with the second power device, the frame that slides axially On be rotatably equipped with molding spinning roller for bottleneck shoulder post forming, bottle neck top peace is also equipped on the frame that slides axially It shelves, the bottle neck top mounting rack is axially installed with bottle neck top along the bottle workpiece.
As a kind of perferred technical scheme, the frame that slides axially is fixedly installed with bottle neck top adjustable plate, the bottle Mouth comes directly towards adjustable plate and is equipped with several adjusting long holes radially extended along the steel cylinder workpiece, and bottle neck top mounting rack passes through Fastener constraint is installed in the adjusting long hole.
As a kind of perferred technical scheme, the base includes the first base and the second base, the steel cylinder workpiece bottle Mouthful pre-shaping device is installed on first base, and the steel cylinder workpiece bottleneck shoulder post forming device is installed on described the On two bases, radial distance regulating mechanism is equipped between first base and the second base.
As a kind of perferred technical scheme, the radial distance regulating mechanism includes be installed on first base One adjusting nut and the second adjusting nut being installed on second base, first adjusting nut and the second adjusting nut Between be equipped with adjusting screw rod.
It as a kind of perferred technical scheme, further include that equipment is headed into steel cylinder workpiece auxiliary, the steel cylinder workpiece auxiliary Heading into equipment includes the jacking block driven by hydraulic cylinder.
As a kind of perferred technical scheme, the molding spinning roller includes first end face and second end face, first end face and It is equipped between second end face and is used for the molding arc periphery of bottleneck shoulder, the diameter of the first end face is less than the second end The diameter in face, the first end face is close to the steel cylinder, and the second end face is far from the steel cylinder.
As a kind of perferred technical scheme, described to radially slide horizontally disposed guide sleeve there are two erections, the axis It is set on sliding rack there are two horizontally disposed guiding axis, each guiding axis is sheathed in corresponding guide sleeve.
As a kind of perferred technical scheme, first power device is radial feed oil cylinder, the second power dress It is set to axial feed oil cylinder.
As a kind of perferred technical scheme, auxiliary heating corresponding with the position of bottleneck is additionally provided in the rack Rifle.
Using above-mentioned technical proposal, the utility model has the following beneficial effects:
Equipment main working process under the automatic program control of PLC is as follows: since seamless steel cylinder automatic necking forms Equipment includes steel cylinder Workpiece clamping host, steel cylinder workpiece bottleneck pre-shaping device and steel cylinder workpiece bottleneck shoulder post forming dress It sets;It is preforming to steel cylinder workpiece progress bottleneck by closing in scraper plate mold, then steel cylinder workpiece is carried out by molding spinning roller again The post forming of bottleneck shoulder, while hole size as requested come directly towards ejection bottleneck inner hole, the utility model by bottle neck The automatic moulding of bottleneck and shoulder is realized, is not needing artificial treatment i.e. and can reach the smooth no groove mark in shoulder surface and shape beauty It sees;And bottleneck inner hole can be ejected in steel bottle shrinking-mouth, bottleneck end blank is neat, eliminate steel bottle mouth it is flush and punching work Sequence;The formed product of this equipment production is stablized, and percent defective is significantly reduced;This device structure is compact, uses simple, operation It is convenient, it adapts to automation and produces in enormous quantities, greatly reduce labour's production cost.It is saved money using every steel cylinder of the equipment 2 yuan or so, by 500 Production rates of per tour, every equipment is cost-saved 300,000 yuan or more annual, considerably increases product The market competitiveness.
The frame that slides axially is fixedly installed with bottle neck top adjustable plate, and bottle neck comes directly towards adjustable plate equipped with several along steel cylinder workpiece The adjusting long hole radially extended, bottle neck comes directly towards mounting rack and is installed in adjusting long hole by fastener constraint, so as to process The workpiece of different model needs the position come directly towards according to workpiece model to bottle neck to be adjusted,
In order to realize that the position of molding spinning roller is adjusted, base includes the first base and the second base.First base and second Radial distance regulating mechanism is equipped between base.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to illustrate the embodiment of the utility model or the technical proposal in the existing technology more clearly, below will be to embodiment Or attached drawing needed to be used in the description of the prior art is briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is only It is some embodiments of the utility model, for those of ordinary skill in the art, before not making the creative labor property It puts, is also possible to obtain other drawings based on these drawings.
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the top view of Fig. 1;
The structural reference figure of the working condition of Fig. 3 the utility model
Fig. 4 is the top view of Fig. 3
Fig. 5 is the position view that the utility model assists heating gun;
Fig. 6 is the position view that the utility model steel cylinder workpiece auxiliary heads into equipment.
Wherein: 1, the first base;2, the second base;3, steel cylinder Workpiece clamping host;4, the preforming dress of steel cylinder workpiece bottleneck It sets;5, steel cylinder workpiece bottleneck shoulder post forming device;6, scraper plate oscillating oil cylinder;7, steel cylinder workpiece;8, swinging axle;9, it swings Arm;10, closing in scraper plate mold;11, frame is radially slided;12, slide axially frame;13, spinning roller is formed;14, bottle neck comes directly towards mounting rack; 15, bottle neck comes directly towards;16, first end face;17, second end face;18, arc periphery;19, bottle neck comes directly towards adjustable plate;20, length is adjusted Hole;21, bolt;22, the first adjusting nut;23, the second adjusting nut;24, adjusting screw rod;25, hydraulic cylinder;26, jacking block; 27, guide sleeve;28, guiding axis;29, radial feed oil cylinder;30, axial feed oil cylinder;31, heating gun is assisted.
Specific embodiment
The following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, carries out the technical scheme in the embodiment of the utility model Clearly and completely describe, it is clear that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the utility model, rather than whole Embodiment.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are without creative efforts Every other embodiment obtained, fall within the protection scope of the utility model.
As Fig. 1-6 it is common shown in, seamless steel cylinder automatic necking molding equipment, including base, base is equipped with steel cylinder workpiece Clamp host 3, steel cylinder workpiece bottleneck pre-shaping device 4 and steel cylinder workpiece bottleneck shoulder post forming device 5.Base includes first Base 1 and the second base 2.Steel cylinder workpiece bottleneck pre-shaping device 4 is installed on the first base 1, steel cylinder workpiece bottleneck shoulder two Secondary molding machine 5 is installed on the second base 2.
It is to each device more detailed description below:
Steel cylinder workpiece bottleneck pre-shaping device 4 includes the scraper plate oscillating oil cylinder 6 being installed on the first base 1, and scraper plate is swung The extending direction of the swinging axle 8 of oil cylinder 6 is radially consistent with steel cylinder workpiece 7, and swing arm 9, swing arm 9 are equipped on swinging axle 8 On closing in scraper plate mold 10 is installed.
Steel cylinder workpiece bottleneck shoulder post forming device 5 includes radially sliding to be installed on the second base 2 along steel cylinder workpiece 7 Radially slide frame 11, radially slide frame 11 and be connected with the first power device, radially slide on frame 11 along the axial direction of steel cylinder workpiece 7 It is slidably fitted with the frame 12 that slides axially, the frame 12 that slides axially is connected with the second power device, is rotatablely installed on the frame 12 that slides axially There is the molding spinning roller 13 for bottleneck shoulder post forming, bottle neck top mounting rack 14, bottle are also equipped on the frame 12 that slides axially Mouth comes directly towards mounting rack 14 and is axially installed with bottle neck top 15 along steel cylinder workpiece 7.Molding spinning roller 13 (is not marked by motor in figure Driving rotation out), molding spinning roller 13 includes first end face 16 and second end face 17, is set between first end face 16 and second end face 17 Have for the molding arc periphery 18 of bottleneck shoulder, the diameter of first end face 16 is less than the diameter of second end face 17, first end Face 16 is close to steel cylinder workpiece 7, and second end face 17 is far from steel cylinder workpiece 7.
In order to process the workpiece of different model, need to be adjusted according to position of the workpiece model to bottle neck top 15, axis It is fixedly installed with bottle neck top adjustable plate 19 to sliding rack 12, bottle neck comes directly towards adjustable plate 19 equipped with several along 7 diameter of steel cylinder workpiece To the adjusting long hole 20 of extension, bottle neck comes directly towards mounting rack 14 and is installed in adjusting long hole 20 by fastener constraint.Above-mentioned fastening Part is bolt 21.
In order to realize that the position of molding spinning roller 13 is adjusted, radial distance is equipped between first base 1 and the second base 2 Regulating mechanism.Radial distance regulating mechanism includes being installed on the first adjusting nut 22 of the first base 1 and being installed on the second base 2 On the second adjusting nut 23, between the first adjusting nut 22 and the second adjusting nut 23 be equipped with adjusting screw rod 24.
This equipment further includes that steel cylinder workpiece auxiliary heads into equipment, and it includes by hydraulic oil that the steel cylinder workpiece auxiliary, which heads into equipment, The jacking block 26 that cylinder 25 drives.
In the present embodiment, radially slides frame 11 and set there are two horizontally disposed guide sleeve 27, the frame 12 that slides axially is equipped with Two horizontally disposed guiding axis 28, each guiding axis 27 are sheathed in corresponding guide sleeve 28.First power device is diameter To feed cylinder 29, the second power device is axial feed oil cylinder 30, and radial feed oil cylinder 29 and axial feed oil cylinder 30 connect Logical hydraulic system, controls hydraulic system by PLC controller, and then control hydraulic cylinder, is that this field is general Known to logical technical staff, details are not described herein.Auxiliary heating gun 31 corresponding with position of bottleneck is additionally provided in rack.
The course of work of the utility model is as follows:
After 1. ancillary equipment automatically heads into workpiece in the chuck of steel cylinder Workpiece clamping host 3, host chuck Automatic-clamping Workpiece, auxiliary heating gun start the auxiliary heating time set according to touch screen to position of bottleneck auxiliary heating.
2. scraper plate oscillating oil cylinder 6 drives closing in scraper plate mold 10 to turn over the angle of setting automatically, it is preforming to reach bottleneck After purpose, scraper plate oscillating oil cylinder 6 drives closing in scraper plate mold 10 is automatic quickly to return.
3. the drive of radial feed oil cylinder 29 radially slides frame 11 and is automatically fed into operating position.
4. axial feed oil cylinder 30 drive slide axially frame 12 by hydraulic speed control system according to setting speed at Type bottleneck and shoulder;Original position is quickly returned to after reaching setting position.
5. the drive of radial feed oil cylinder 29 radially slides frame 11 and automatically falls back on original position.
6. the chuck of steel cylinder Workpiece clamping host 3 unclamps, the hydraulic cylinder 25 after steel cylinder Workpiece clamping host 3 drives jacking block 26 steel cylinder workpiece 7 eject.
Only materials in the tube manually need to be put into material in batches after this device power-up to add, equipment automatic identification completes all process steps stream Journey.Operator periodically arrives equipment end and collects the finished product gathered, and setting need to be only called from touch screen when replacing product Good machined parameters, replace corresponding mold, simple and reliable, save money 2 yuan or so using every steel cylinder of the equipment, press 500 Production rates of per tour, every equipment is cost-saved 300,000 yuan or more annual, considerably increases the market competition of product Power.
In conclusion the utility model realizes the automatic moulding of bottleneck and shoulder, it is no longer necessary to artificial treatment, that is, reachable To the smooth no groove mark in shoulder surface and beautiful shape;And bottleneck inner hole can be ejected in steel bottle shrinking-mouth, bottleneck end blank is whole Together, eliminate that steel bottle mouth is flush and drilling process;The formed product of this equipment production is stablized, and rejected product is significantly reduced Rate;This device structure is compact, easy to operate using simple, adapts to automation and produces in enormous quantities, greatly reduces labour's production Cost, this equipment have far-reaching influence to steel cylinder processing industry.
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the utility model only, is not intended to limit the utility model, all at this Within the spirit and principle of utility model, any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement and so on should be included in the utility model Protection scope within.

Claims (10)

1. seamless steel cylinder automatic necking molding equipment, including base, which is characterized in that the base is equipped with steel cylinder Workpiece clamping Host, steel cylinder workpiece bottleneck pre-shaping device and steel cylinder workpiece bottleneck shoulder post forming device;
The steel cylinder workpiece bottleneck pre-shaping device includes the scraper plate oscillating oil cylinder being installed on the base, and the scraper plate is swung The extending direction of the swinging axle of oil cylinder is radially consistent with the steel cylinder workpiece, and swing arm is equipped on the swinging axle, described Closing in scraper plate mold is installed on swing arm;
The steel cylinder workpiece bottleneck shoulder post forming device includes radially sliding to be installed on the base along steel cylinder workpiece Frame is radially slided, the frame that radially slides is connected with the first power device, described to radially slide on frame along the steel cylinder workpiece It slides axially and the frame that slides axially is installed, the frame that slides axially is connected with the second power device, turns on the frame that slides axially The molding spinning roller being equipped with for bottleneck shoulder post forming is moved, the installation of bottle neck top is also equipped on the frame that slides axially Frame, the bottle neck top mounting rack are axially installed with bottle neck top along the bottle workpiece.
2. seamless steel cylinder automatic necking molding equipment as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the frame that slides axially is fixed Bottle neck top adjustable plate is installed, bottle neck top adjustable plate is equipped with several adjustings radially extended along the steel cylinder workpiece Long hole, the bottle neck top mounting rack are installed in the adjusting long hole by fastener constraint.
3. seamless steel cylinder automatic necking molding equipment as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the base includes the first machine Seat and the second base, the steel cylinder workpiece bottleneck pre-shaping device are installed on first base, the steel cylinder workpiece bottleneck Shoulder post forming device is installed on second base, and radial distance tune is equipped between first base and the second base Save mechanism.
4. seamless steel cylinder automatic necking molding equipment as claimed in claim 3, which is characterized in that the radial distance adjusts machine Structure includes the first adjusting nut for being installed on first base and the second adjusting nut being installed on second base, institute It states and is equipped with adjusting screw rod between the first adjusting nut and the second adjusting nut.
5. seamless steel cylinder automatic necking molding equipment as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that further include auxiliary with steel cylinder workpiece It helps and heads into equipment, it includes the jacking block driven by hydraulic cylinder that the steel cylinder workpiece auxiliary, which heads into equipment,.
6. seamless steel cylinder automatic necking molding equipment as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the molding spinning roller includes the One end face and second end face are equipped between first end face and second end face and are used for the molding arc periphery of bottleneck shoulder, described The diameter of first end face is less than the diameter of the second end face, and for the first end face close to the steel cylinder, the second end face is remote From the steel cylinder.
7. seamless steel cylinder automatic necking molding equipment as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that described radially slide is provided with Two horizontally disposed guide sleeves, set that there are two horizontally disposed guiding axis, each guiding axis on the frame that slides axially It is sheathed in corresponding guide sleeve.
8. seamless steel cylinder automatic necking molding equipment as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that first power device is Radial feed oil cylinder, second power device are axial feed oil cylinder.
9. seamless steel cylinder automatic necking molding equipment as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the steel cylinder workpiece bottleneck is pre- Molding machine and steel cylinder workpiece bottleneck shoulder post forming device are respectively arranged at the two sides of the steel cylinder workpiece.
10. seamless steel cylinder automatic necking molding equipment as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that be additionally provided in the rack Auxiliary heating gun corresponding with the position of bottleneck.
CN201822088696.4U 2018-12-12 2018-12-12 Seamless steel cylinder automatic necking molding equipment Active CN209139665U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201822088696.4U CN209139665U (en) 2018-12-12 2018-12-12 Seamless steel cylinder automatic necking molding equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201822088696.4U CN209139665U (en) 2018-12-12 2018-12-12 Seamless steel cylinder automatic necking molding equipment

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Publication Number Publication Date
CN209139665U true CN209139665U (en) 2019-07-23

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110640008A (en) * 2019-09-23 2020-01-03 阜阳安固锅炉压力容器制造有限公司 Cold spinning device for steel seamless gas cylinder
CN112371864A (en) * 2020-10-23 2021-02-19 江苏国富氢能技术装备股份有限公司 Core-free spinning closing method for aluminum liner of high-pressure hydrogen bottle

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110640008A (en) * 2019-09-23 2020-01-03 阜阳安固锅炉压力容器制造有限公司 Cold spinning device for steel seamless gas cylinder
CN112371864A (en) * 2020-10-23 2021-02-19 江苏国富氢能技术装备股份有限公司 Core-free spinning closing method for aluminum liner of high-pressure hydrogen bottle
CN112371864B (en) * 2020-10-23 2021-07-02 江苏国富氢能技术装备股份有限公司 Core-free spinning closing method for aluminum liner of high-pressure hydrogen bottle

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