CN209134931U - A kind of water-saving ecological roof greening system - Google Patents

A kind of water-saving ecological roof greening system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209134931U
CN209134931U CN201821626047.9U CN201821626047U CN209134931U CN 209134931 U CN209134931 U CN 209134931U CN 201821626047 U CN201821626047 U CN 201821626047U CN 209134931 U CN209134931 U CN 209134931U
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water
layer
irrigation rig
storage barrel
water storage
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熊曦
敖郁东
黄伟
王飞
张健
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Guangzhou Chun Tian Architectural Design Co Ltd
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Guangzhou Chun Tian Architectural Design Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The utility model relates to a kind of water-saving ecological roof greening systems, comprising: muti-piece growing area, water recovery device, irrigation rig, measuring device, purification device, automatic control system, solar panel;Deck, impermeable layer, stopping area, drainage blanket, moisturizing layer, plantation layer, isolation filter layer are divided into every piece of plantation;Irrigation rig includes the first irrigation rig poured to plant leaf blade, the second irrigation rig for being poured to plant bottom;Measuring device includes hygrometer, thermometer, floodometer light intensity measuring instrument;Purification device includes sedimentation basin, electric flocculation device and biomembrane;Automatic control system includes communication device, user terminal, controller and a variety of motor-driven valves;Solar panel provides power for greening system.The utility model passes through the combination layer growing area of different function, meets ornamental plant even the plantation demand of vegetables, saves plantation water, make the remote irrigating plant of user, promote the interaction enjoyment of plantation.

Description

A kind of water-saving ecological roof greening system
Technical field
The utility model relates to groups of building auxiliary facility fields, more particularly, to a kind of water-saving ecological roof greening System.
Background technique
The referred to as roof of " the fifth facade of building " is always " virgin land " for waiting to open up wasteland in city, is in a kind of quilt The status ignored, pass into silence or even ravaged.It on the one hand is city's green areas and water surface area by more and more high density Building is nibbled, and on the other hand a large amount of roof is but still worn no make-up during an audience with the emperor, and is not used effectively, even at " rubbish warehouse ", This is current urban construction and a managerial dead angle.And by numerous ecological environment experts, urbanist, architectural design The roof greening that expert is praised highly can then take into account construction landscape, while can improve urban ecological environment again.
Urban Roof occupies the 1/5 of about urban size, if rationally improving and being used, can make city environment with it is green Change aspect and obtains whole promotion.Currently, China in roof greening field also in developing stage, technical aspect is need It is promoted, and in terms of administrative mechanism is even more the state in extremely shortcoming.The ecocrisis of roof greening comprehensively solve facing mankind, Environmental crisis, Health risk and economic crisis.
Present roof greening has no longer been limited only to " roof garden " on the textbook of gardens, but it is mentioned It rises, expand as a new industry.With the integrated development in cities and towns, more and more residents from villages and towns are settled down in city, resident In order to save living cost, vegetable cultivation etc. can be carried out on roof, itself and the interspersed plantation of ornamental plant can not only serve as Fouling fauna can also be improved the economy that roof uses, and since vegetables are different from ornamental plant, the water needed is larger, If being irrigated only with tap water, the wasting of resources will lead to, water consumption can not be metered into individual, be easy to cause unnecessary Therefore contradiction needs a kind of water-saving ecological roof greening system.
Utility model content
In view of this, the utility model to solve the above problems, provide a kind of water-saving ecological roof greening system, meets Ornamental and vegetable cultivation demand, and can save water, build environmental roof greening.
The technical scheme adopted by the utility model is that a kind of water-saving ecological roof greening system, is applied in civil construction The roof of object, the system comprises:
Muti-piece growing area, every piece of growing area are intermediate curved surface high, surrounding is low, and every piece of growing area sequentially consists of room Top surface, impermeable layer, stopping area, drainage blanket, moisturizing layer, plantation layer, green plants plantation is in plantation layer;
Water recovery device, recycling branch pipe, recycling general pipeline, water pump and water storage barrel including being located at every piece of growing area surrounding, water Recycling general pipeline is converged to by recycling branch pipe, enters water storage barrel after purification under the action of water pump;
Irrigation rig, iirigation water source is from water storage barrel, and setting is on plantation layer, including the first irrigation rig and second Irrigation rig, for pouring from the top down to plant, second irrigation rig is used for plant first irrigation rig Object bottom is poured;
Measuring device, including moisturizing layer is arranged in for detecting the hygrometer of moisturizing layer humidity, being used for for roof being arranged in The thermometer of detection outdoor temperature, is arranged in room the floodometer for detecting water storage barrel water level being arranged in water storage barrel The light intensity measuring instrument for being used to sense sunshine on top;
Solar panel, inclination are fixed on roof surrounding, provide power for greening system.
The roof of civil construction object is public domain, other than for unified plantation ornamental type plant, flowers and plants, for old one For generation people, it is more willing to for planting vegetables or plant flowers according to personal preference, to guarantee resident's standardized planting, roof can be divided For multiple growing areas, the mode of array distribution can be used between growing area, or by the way of rectangular-ambulatory-plane distribution, need to only plant Retain walking passageway between area.It can be to incline by the longitudinally disposed of deck to save water source required for plantation is poured The transverse direction of slope of the gradient between 2~15 °, deck is arch face, and sagitta accounts for 1% to the 5% of deck transverse direction span, is protected Demonstrate,prove rainwater can the minimum point of the relatively downside along slope and the lower effluent for face to deck, while 2~15 ° oblique Degree, 1%~5% sagitta accounting it is also ensured that deck gentle degree, to resident roof walking not will cause on sense organ Difference.
To guarantee that the resident house under roof is impermeable and is equipped with impermeable layer.Further, the impermeable layer is One of geomembrane, waterproof roll, SBS modified pitch or at least two combination.Geomembrane can be polyvinyl chloride and gather Ethylene, EVA are made, and have excellent environmental stress cracking resistance and excellent resistance to chemical corrosion, and have biggish Use temperature range and longer service life.PVC waterproof roll can be used in waterproof roll, with tensile strength height, elongation Rate is good, the small advantage of hot size changing rate, when being used as on deck, with good weldability, seam hot air welding It is integrally formed afterwards with the base material of deck;Furthermore with good steam diffusivity, condensate is easily arranged and is released, and is left to base Moisture, moisture are easily discharged.The low temperature flexibility of SBS modified pitch is good, good extending performance, long service life, easy construction, pollution It is small, it is particularly suitable for low-temperature cold area and the frequent construction waterproofing engineering of malformation.
To avoid root system of plant damage from even penetrating deck, stopping area is equipped on impermeable layer.Further, The stopping area is the combination of one of lightweight concrete, thick plastic plate, copper foil or at least two.Lightweight concrete has close Low feature is spent, can combine closely with roof body, the load-bearing of deck can also be reduced.Thick plastic plate density is low, and splices It is convenient to cut, convenient in irregular roof surface construction.It is laid with using copper foil, in the case where economy allows, using relatively thin The function of root resistance can be realized in thickness, and portrays circuit line on it, also acts as the conducting wire of greening system.
To prevent water to be gathered at root system of plant, leads to rotten, drainage blanket can be set on stopping area.Further Ground, the drainage blanket are the combination of one or both of plastic draining board, rubber drainage plate.
To guarantee that root system of plant is survived under suitable humidity environment, moisturizing layer is equipped with above stopping area.More into one Step ground, the moisturizing layer are moisturizing blanket and the haydite for being laid in moisturizing blanket upper surface, and moisturizing layer is made to have the function of water suction water storage, Haydite is laid on moisturizing blanket, can be levelling by plane more than moisturizing layer, and the inner structural features of haydite are in fine and closely woven honeycomb Micropore has good air conduction performance, prevents root system of plant from rotting.
Certain thickness plantation layer, the growth substrate as plant are laid on moisturizing layer.Further, the plantation Layer is the mixing of one of soil, clay, perlite or at least two.According to the different characteristics of plant, may be selected to have mixed The soil of nutrient carries out vegetable cultivation, or selection clay or perlite carry out the plantation of flowers greens.
To avoid the impurity such as plant dead leaf from being mixed into plantation layer even moisturizing layer, causes to distribute bad smell after rotting or cause Mosquito influences roof greening environment, and isolation filter layer can be arranged on moisturizing layer.Further, the isolation filter layer is adopted It is composed with one of glass fibre, nylon cloth, wire mesh, non-woven fabrics or at least two;Substitute kind when carrying out plant It when plant, can integrally uncover, directly replacement isolation filter layer, it is simple to operate.
It is being laid in face of roof planting, it is also necessary to it sets for recycling rainwater or pouring the water recovery device of remaining water, Specifically, it in the surrounding setting recycling branch pipe of every piece of growing area, is poured after flowing through growing area for recycling rainwater or user Residual water;When further, to guarantee that residual water is exported from drainage blanket, it can accurately enter recycling branch pipe, in the drainage blanket Several confluence mouths are arranged in surrounding;Recycling branch pipe setting in drainage blanket surrounding, the corresponding position of confluence mouth offer into Water hole is covered with filter screen on the blasthole, prevents soil or clay from falling into recycling branch pipe, cause to block.
The residual water of every piece of growing area is pumped into water storage barrel under the action of water pump after summarizing by recycling general pipeline, by water storage barrel Setting is in the longitudinal lower side of roof slope.By battery storage, battery mentions the electric energy of solar panel conversion for water pump For the power of running.
When the water in water storage barrel is for according to the pouring characteristic difference of plant and vegetables, irrigating dress in conjunction with first when pouring The pouring demand that can satisfy different plants and vegetables with the second irrigation rig is set, or progress blade face watering or progress root system pour Water.
For the scientic planting for realizing green plants, the moisturizing degree to plant soil, air humidity, daily illumination is needed to carry out Monitoring is realized by setting hygrometer, thermometer and light intensity measuring instrument.For the water level for preferably monitoring water storage barrel, prevent In the less weather of precipitation, cause water storage barrel dry, by floodometer, user combines the history rainfall of current weather Amount judges whether to need artificially to supplement in water storage barrel to use water.
Further, the system also includes purification device, setting is in the longitudinal lower side of roof slope, the purification Device includes the sedimentation basin being connected with recycling general pipeline, the electric flocculation device that is connected with sedimentation basin and water storage barrel and positioned at electric flocculation device Biomembrane between water storage barrel, the electric flocculation device provide power by solar panel.
By sedimentation basin setting in the longitudinal lower side of deck, and the top surface of sedimentation basin is arranged in not higher than exposed room Region is pushed up, is equipped with opening in the upper top surface of sedimentation basin, the rainwater in Shi Luo non-planting area can flow in sedimentation basin, to reduce impurity Into sedimentation basin, filter screen is covered in upper opening.Secondly, residual water enters before water storage barrel derived from growing area, pass through The filter screen being arranged on recycling branch pipe is filtered, and guarantees that the residual water for entering water storage barrel does not contain large granular impurity.But Maintenance and improvement with user to roof greening will lead in residual water containing chemical substance or rich nutritive material, deposit for a long time In water storage barrel, be easy to cause aqueous metamorphism, or even generate stench or harmful bacteria, therefore, recycling general pipeline water and rainwater into It before entering water storage barrel, is introduced into sedimentation basin and is precipitated, make a small amount of fine grain soil or clay in sedimentation basin bottom deposit, then The limpid water on sedimentation basin top is imported into electric flocculation device, electric flocculation device is converted into electric energy by solar panel and provides power.Through After crossing electric flocculation device, residual water becomes to contain up to the water of chemical substance or rich nutritive material, at this point, being led to again by setting Biomembrane in the pipeline of water storage barrel removes chemical substance or rich nutritive material, becomes limpid water, finally the upper time is stored in storage It when in bucket, smelly will not go bad, guarantee the safety for using water.
Further, first irrigation rig includes the support tube being connected to water storage barrel, support tube top is arranged in Spray head offers several water jets and the motor for driving spray head to rotate on the outside of spray head, and the motor is by the sun It can solar panel offer power.
Further, the area of every piece of growing area is 2~20m2, and each growing area is equipped with 1~3 the first irrigation rig.
Further, second irrigation rig is that the multiple diameters being connected on plantation layer and with water storage barrel are arranged in be The drip irrigation pipe of 10-15mm, the drip irrigation pipe are equipped with the apopore that several diameters are 2-5mm.
When plant or vegetables need to carry out root pouring, to avoid water is excessive from leading to the plant roots such as vegetables or flowers Impaired or lead to plant layer soil losses, a large amount of water of discomfort application pour, at this point, can be used the mode of trickle irrigation continuously in a small amount into Row.Specifically, more drip irrigation pipes are set on the plantation layer of plant root or on isolation misgivings layer, and guarantee does not have adjacent two rows of plants There is a drip irrigation pipe in centre, and the water in water storage barrel oozes out after entering drip irrigation pipe from water outlet, and water conservation while guarantees The abundance of plant root water.Further, the system also includes provide the automatic control system of power by solar panel System, including communication device, user terminal, controller, the total motor-driven valve being arranged on recycling general pipeline;
The communication device is used to the data of thermometer, hygrometer, light intensity measuring instrument being transmitted to user terminal;
The user terminal is mobile phone or computer, and computer control can be used when the user is at home;It can be adopted when user goes out It is controlled with mobile phone;
The controller is for controlling the first irrigation rig and the second irrigation rig opening time, whether controlling total motor-driven valve It opens.
For the automation for improving roof greening system, makes user at home or open air can pour plant or vegetables It fills, data can be will test by communication device and be transmitted to user terminal, user terminal is poured according to itself understanding to plant, control Number and water consumption, make user in the distance also it can be appreciated that plantation interactivity enjoyment.Specifically, it is arranged on recycling general pipeline Whether total motor-driven valve, the water for controlling water storage barrel flow out;First motor-driven valve is set on support tube, is flowed into the water of drip irrigation pipe Second motor-driven valve is set at mouthful, total motor-driven valve, the first motor-driven valve and the second motor-driven valve are controlled by controller, it can be according to each kind The different characteristics of growing area plant, at regular time and quantity pour, realize that scientific water-saving pours.
Further, the system also includes fault detection means, the fault detection means includes being separately positioned on back The circuit water alarm device in water storage barrel with floodometer linkage is arranged in current meter on revenue and expenditure pipe, recycling general pipeline, and setting is the Flowmeter on one irrigation rig, the second irrigation rig.
It by monitoring the reading of current meter and flowmeter on the subscriber terminal, is compared with normal reading, judges that event occurs The specific growing area of barrier, is convenient for precisely repairing.When water level detection gauge measures waterlevel data lower than normal value, circuit water alarm Device alarm, user may be selected manually add water, or water storage barrel is connected to the running water pipe that residential building carries, and in tap water Third motor-driven valve is set on pipe, connect third motor-driven valve with controller, user can be operated controller, be beaten by user terminal Third motor-driven valve is opened, remote amount of makeup water is realized to water storage barrel.
Compared with prior art, the utility model has the advantages that: full by the combination layer growing area of different function Sufficient ornamental plant even the plantation demand of vegetables save plantation water by collecting rainwater, purification residual water;It automatically controls System makes the remote irrigating plant of user, promotes the interaction enjoyment of plantation.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the system diagram of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the top view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is sedimentation basin structure chart in the utility model;
Fig. 4 is growing area hierarchy chart in the utility model;
Fig. 5 is drainage blanket confluence mouth distribution map in the utility model;
Fig. 6 is the A-A sectional view of Fig. 5;
Fig. 7 is the first irrigation rig pipeline distribution map in the utility model;
Fig. 8 is the second irrigation rig pipeline distribution map in the utility model;
Fig. 9 is automatic control system module map in the utility model.
Specific embodiment
The utility model is further described With reference to embodiment.Wherein, the utility model embodiment Attached drawing in the same or similar label correspond to the same or similar components, only for illustration, should not be understood as to this The limitation of utility model;In order to better illustrate the utility model embodiment, the certain components of attached drawing have omission, amplification or contracting It is small, do not represent the size of actual product;The side of the instructions such as embodiment term " on ", "lower", "left", "right" in the utility model Position or positional relationship are to be based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, rather than the device or element of indication or suggestion meaning must There must be specific orientation or be constructed with specific orientation, it for the ordinary skill in the art, can be according to specific Situation understands the concrete meaning of above-mentioned term.
Embodiment
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, a kind of water-saving ecological roof greening system is applied on the roof of civil construction object, described System includes: muti-piece growing area 1, and for planting green plants, flowers or vegetables, the growing area 1 is that centre is high, surrounding is low Curved surface, the area of every piece of growing area 1 are 2~20m2
Water recovery device, including being located at the recycling branch pipe 21, recycling general pipeline 22, water pump of every piece of 1 surrounding of growing area (in figure not Show) and water storage barrel 23, water converges to recycling general pipeline 22 by recycling branch pipe 21, into water storage under the action of water pump after purification Bucket 23;The water storage barrel 23 is embedded to roof, and the opening fallen into for rainwater is additionally provided on water storage barrel 23, is covered in opening Filter screen can be such that the rainwater on outdoor roof falls directly into water storage barrel 23 and be stored;
Irrigation rig, iirigation water source is from water storage barrel 23, and setting is on plantation layer 16, including the first irrigation rig 31 With the second irrigation rig 32, for first irrigation rig 31 for pouring from the top down to plant, described second irrigates dress 32 are set for pouring to plant bottom;
Measuring device, including moisturizing layer 15 is arranged in for detecting the hygrometer of 15 humidity of moisturizing layer, roof being arranged in For detect the thermometer of outdoor temperature, be arranged in water storage barrel 23 for detect 23 water level of water storage barrel floodometer, The light intensity measuring instrument for being used to sense intensity of illumination on roof is set;
Purification device 5, including be connected with recycling general pipeline 22 sedimentation basin 51, by pipeline 53 and sedimentation basin 51 and water storage barrel 23 connected electric flocculation devices 52 and the biomembrane that electric flocculation device 52 leads in the pipeline 53 of water storage barrel 23 is set, the electricity wadding Condenser 52 is converted into electric energy by solar panel 6 and provides power.
Solar panel 6, inclination is fixed on roof surrounding, is green by battery storage after converting light energy into electric energy Change system provides power.
As shown in figure 3, the top surface of sedimentation basin 51 is arranged in not higher than exposed roof area, in the upper top surface of sedimentation basin 51 Equipped with opening, the rainwater in Shi Luo non-planting area 1 can be flowed in sedimentation basin 51, enter sedimentation basin 51 to reduce impurity, on top Opening covering filter screen.To further increase sedimentation effect, it is lower than close to the bottom surface of the sedimentation basin 51 of recycling 22 side general pipeline and leans on The bottom surface of nearly 52 side of electric flocculation device, the difference of height of the two form the space for accommodating sediment, will export the water pipe of sedimentation basin 51 It is positioned close to the top of 52 side of electric flocculation device, is reduced to the greatest extent into 52 water of electric flocculation device containing quantity of sand and mud.
As shown in figure 4, every piece of growing area 1 sequentially consists of deck 11, impermeable layer 12, stopping area 13, draining Layer 14, moisturizing layer 15, plantation layer 16, isolation filter layer 17;
The longitudinally disposed of the deck 11 is slope of the gradient between 2~15 °, and the transverse direction of deck 11 is arch Face, sagitta account for 1% to the 5% of the lateral span of deck 11, the sedimentation basin 51 and water storage barrel 23 are arranged in roof slope Longitudinal lower side;
The impermeable layer 12 is to guarantee that the resident house under roof is impermeable and set, and is geomembrane, waterproof roll, SBS One of modified pitch or at least two combination;
The stopping area 13 is that root system of plant damage is avoided even to penetrate deck 11 and set, and is lightweight concrete, thick modeling One of flitch, copper foil or at least two combination;
The drainage blanket 14 is to prevent from water to be gathered at root system of plant to lead to rotten and set, and is plastic draining board, rubber The combination of one or both of drain bar;
The moisturizing layer 15 is to guarantee that root system of plant is survived under suitable humidity environment and set, and for moisturizing blanket and is laid in The haydite of moisturizing blanket upper surface;
The plantation layer 16 is used as green plants, flowers or the growth substrate of vegetables, in soil, clay, perlite It is a kind of or at least two mixing;
The isolation filter layer 17 is that the impurity such as plant dead leaf is avoided to be mixed into plantation layer 16 even moisturizing layer 15, causes to rot After distribute bad smell or cause mosquito, influence roof greening environment and set, be glass fibre, nylon cloth, wire mesh, nonwoven One of cloth or at least two combination.
In conjunction with Fig. 5 and Fig. 6 it is found that the recycling branch pipe 21 is located at every piece of 14 surrounding of drainage blanket, top be equipped with it is multiple enter water Hole 211 is covered with filter screen on the blasthole 211, prevents soil or clay from falling into recycling branch pipe 21, causes to block;It is arranging Several confluence mouths 141 are arranged in 14 surrounding of water layer, and the quantity for the mouth 141 that converges and position are corresponding with blasthole 211, make to pour The residual water planted and formed after layer 16, moisturizing layer 15 that flowed through with water of green plants enters blasthole 211 from confluence mouth 141, then It is flowed in recycling general pipeline 22 by recycling branch pipe 21, prevents from spilling over outside residual water in the aisle between growing area 1.
In conjunction with Fig. 1 and Fig. 7 it is found that being equipped with 1~3 the first irrigation rig 31, and the first irrigation rig in each growing area 1 31 be arranged on stopping area 13, drainage blanket 14 or moisturizing layer 15, including be connected to water storage barrel 23 multiple first distributive pipes 313, Multiple support tubes 311 for being connected to the first distributive pipe 313, the spray head 312 that 311 top of support tube is set, spray head 312 Outside offers several water jets and the motor for driving spray head 312 to rotate, the motor are provided by solar panel 6 Power.Make when irrigate, motor driven spray head 312 rotates, and water is sprayed from water jet, by the electricity for choosing appropriate power Machine, the distance that adjustment water sprays can realize all standing to the green plants around spray head 312, save water.
In conjunction with Fig. 1 and Fig. 8 it is found that second irrigation rig 32 setting plantation layer 16 on, including with multiple water storage barrels Second distributive pipe 322 of 23 connections, multiple drip irrigation pipes 321 being connected to the second distributive pipe 322, the diameter of drip irrigation pipe 321 are 10- 15mm is equipped with the apopore that several diameters are 2-5mm in drip irrigation pipe 321.
As shown in Figure 7, Figure 8 and Figure 9, it is the automation for improving roof greening system, makes user at home or open air all may be used To be poured to plant or vegetables, it is arranged in greening system and provides the automatic control system of power by solar panel 6 And fault detection means.
The automatic control system include communication device, user terminal, controller, be arranged in recycling general pipeline 22 on it is total Motor-driven valve 221, be arranged in the first motor-driven valve 314 is set on support tube 311, the flow inlet of drip irrigation pipe 321 is set at be arranged Second motor-driven valve 323, the third motor-driven valve being arranged on the included running water pipe of building;Running water pipe and water storage barrel 23 connect It is logical;
The communication device is used to the data of thermometer, hygrometer, light intensity measuring instrument being transmitted to user terminal;
The user terminal is mobile phone or computer, and computer control can be used when the user is at home;It can be adopted when user goes out It is controlled with mobile phone;
The controller is for controlling the first irrigation rig 31 and 32 opening time of the second irrigation rig, the total motor-driven valve of control Whether 221 open;
Whether the water that total motor-driven valve 221 is used to control water storage barrel 23 flows out, and whether the first motor-driven valve 314 controls water It flows into support tube 311, the second motor-driven valve 323 controls whether to flow into drip irrigation pipe 321, and whether third motor-driven valve controls tap water It flows into water storage barrel 23.
The fault detection means includes being separately positioned on recycling branch pipe 21, recycling the current meter on general pipeline 22, and setting exists With the circuit water alarm device of floodometer linkage in water storage barrel 23, it is arranged on the first irrigation rig 31, the second irrigation rig 32 Flowmeter.
The data such as 15 humidity of moisturizing layer, same day outdoor temperature, same day roof illumination are transmitted to user terminal by communication device, are used Family controls the number and water consumption of pouring according to itself understanding to plant, makes user in the distance also it can be appreciated that the friendship of plantation Mutual property enjoyment.When control is poured, at the beginning of controlling the first motor-driven valve 314, the second motor-driven valve 323 by controller, according to The different characteristics of each 1 plant of growing area, at regular time and quantity pour, realize that scientific water-saving pours.Residential building administrative office or Person user measures surplus water in water storage barrel 23 according to floodometer, judges whether to need to open third motor-driven valve, is water storage Tap water is injected in bucket 23.By monitoring the reading of current meter and flowmeter on the subscriber terminal, compared with normal reading, Judge the specific growing area 1 to break down, is convenient for precisely repairing.
It obviously, is not the restriction to the utility model although the utility model is disclosed with above-described embodiment.Any The those of ordinary skill in field without departing from the spirit and scope of the utility model, can do on the basis of the above description Possible change and modification out.Therefore, the protection scope of the utility model should be with claims institute circle of the utility model Subject to fixed range.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of water-saving ecological roof greening system is applied on the roof of civil construction object, which is characterized in that the system packet It includes:
Muti-piece growing area (1), every piece of growing area are intermediate curved surface high, surrounding is low, and every piece of growing area sequentially consists of room Top surface (11), impermeable layer (12), stopping area (13), drainage blanket (14), moisturizing layer (15), plantation layer (16), green plants are planted Kind is in plantation layer;
Water recovery device, recycling branch pipe (21), recycling general pipeline (22), water pump and water storage barrel including being located at every piece of growing area surrounding (23), water converges to recycling general pipeline by recycling branch pipe, and water storage barrel is entered under the action of water pump;
Irrigation rig, iirigation water source is from water storage barrel, and setting is on plantation layer, including the first irrigation rig (31) and second Irrigation rig (32), for pouring from the top down to plant, second irrigation rig is used for first irrigation rig Plant bottom is poured;
Measuring device, including be arranged in moisturizing layer for detect the hygrometer of moisturizing layer humidity, be arranged in roof for detecting The floodometer for detecting water storage barrel water level being arranged in water storage barrel, roof is arranged in the thermometer of outdoor temperature For sensing the light intensity measuring instrument of intensity of illumination;
Solar panel (6), inclination are fixed on roof surrounding, provide power for greening system.
2. a kind of water-saving ecological roof greening system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the deck (11) Longitudinally disposed is slope of the gradient between 2~15 °, is laterally arch face, the sagitta of arch face accounts for deck transverse direction span 1% to 5%.
3. a kind of water-saving ecological roof greening system according to claim 1 or 2, which is characterized in that
The impermeable layer is the mixing of one of geomembrane, waterproof roll, SBS modified pitch or at least two;
The stopping area is the combination of one of lightweight concrete, thick plastic plate, copper foil or at least two;
The drainage blanket is one or two kinds of combinations of plastic draining board, rubber drainage plate;
The moisturizing layer is moisturizing blanket and the haydite for being laid in moisturizing blanket upper surface;
The plantation layer is the mixing of one of soil, clay, perlite or at least two;
It is additionally provided with isolation filter layer (17) on the plantation layer, uses glass fibre, nylon cloth, wire mesh, non-woven fabrics One of or at least two be composed.
4. a kind of water-saving ecological roof greening system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the drainage blanket (14) Surrounding is provided with several confluences mouth (141);Recycling branch pipe (21) setting is in drainage blanket surrounding, in the correspondence position of confluence mouth It sets and offers blasthole (211), be covered with filter screen on the blasthole.
5. a kind of water-saving ecological roof greening system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the system also includes Purification device (5), the purification device include the sedimentation basin (51) being connected with recycling general pipeline (22) and sedimentation basin and water storage barrel (23) connected electric flocculation device (52) and the biomembrane between electric flocculation device and water storage barrel (23), the electric flocculation device by Solar panel provides power.
6. a kind of water-saving ecological roof greening system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that described first irrigates dress Setting (31) includes the support tube (311) being connected to water storage barrel (23), the spray head (312) that support tube top is arranged in, spray head Outside offer several water jets and the motor for driving spray head to rotate, the motor is provided dynamic by solar panel Power.
7. a kind of water-saving ecological roof greening system according to claim 1 or 6, which is characterized in that every piece of growing area Area be 2~20m2, each growing area be equipped with 1~3 the first irrigation rig.
8. a kind of water-saving ecological roof greening system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that described second irrigates dress Setting (32) is setting on plantation layer and drip irrigation pipe (321) that multiple diameters for being connected to water storage barrel (23) are 10-15mm, institute State the apopore that drip irrigation pipe is 2-5mm equipped with several diameters.
9. a kind of water-saving ecological roof greening system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the system also includes By solar panel (6) provide power automatic control system, including communication device, user terminal, controller, setting return Receive total motor-driven valve (221) on general pipeline (22);
The communication device is used to the data of thermometer, hygrometer, light intensity measuring instrument being transmitted to user terminal;
The controller is for controlling whether the first irrigation rig and the second irrigation rig opening time, the total motor-driven valve of control are opened It opens.
10. according to claim 1 or a kind of water-saving ecological roof greening system described in 9, which is characterized in that the system is also Including fault detection means, the fault detection means include be separately positioned on recycling branch pipe, recycling general pipeline on current meter, if The circuit water alarm device in water storage barrel with floodometer linkage is set, the first irrigation rig is set, on the second irrigation rig Flowmeter.
CN201821626047.9U 2018-09-30 2018-09-30 A kind of water-saving ecological roof greening system Active CN209134931U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110622732A (en) * 2019-09-19 2019-12-31 杭州中艺生态环境工程有限公司 Multifunctional seedling ecological planting device for sloping roof

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110622732A (en) * 2019-09-19 2019-12-31 杭州中艺生态环境工程有限公司 Multifunctional seedling ecological planting device for sloping roof
CN110622732B (en) * 2019-09-19 2021-11-23 杭州中艺生态环境工程有限公司 Multifunctional seedling ecological planting device for sloping roof

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