CN209128379U - A kind of system of biomass and sludge mixing gasifying preparing liquid fuel - Google Patents

A kind of system of biomass and sludge mixing gasifying preparing liquid fuel Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209128379U
CN209128379U CN201821487314.9U CN201821487314U CN209128379U CN 209128379 U CN209128379 U CN 209128379U CN 201821487314 U CN201821487314 U CN 201821487314U CN 209128379 U CN209128379 U CN 209128379U
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biomass
liquid fuel
sludge
preparing liquid
furnace
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CN201821487314.9U
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Chinese (zh)
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王林涛
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Huaxi Energy Engineering Co Ltd
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Huaxi Energy Engineering Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/30Fuel from waste, e.g. synthetic alcohol or diesel
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P20/00Technologies relating to chemical industry
    • Y02P20/10Process efficiency
    • Y02P20/129Energy recovery, e.g. by cogeneration, H2recovery or pressure recovery turbines

Abstract

The utility model provides the system of a kind of biomass and sludge mixing gasifying preparing liquid fuel, belongs to liquid fuel technology field.The system comprises gasification reaction unit, F-T synthesis unit and fume treatment unit;The gasification reaction unit includes the gasification furnace being sequentially communicated, waste heat boiler, dryer and crusher, and the crusher is connect with gasification furnace;The F-T synthesis unit includes the reformation shift-converter being sequentially communicated, F-T synthesis reactor, cooling, isolation of purified equipment and oil storage tank, reforms shift-converter and is connected to dryer;The fume treatment unit unit includes the gas furnace being sequentially communicated, electrostatic precipitator, air-introduced machine and chimney, and gas furnace is connected to F-T synthesis reactor.Tthe utility model system goes back by-product low-pressure steam mainly for the production of liquid fuel, in addition to internal use, realizes income, and the utility model produces liquid fuel using biomass and sludge, provides a kind of new biomass and sludge resource utilization ways.

Description

A kind of system of biomass and sludge mixing gasifying preparing liquid fuel
Technical field
The utility model belongs to liquid fuel technology field, specially a kind of biomass and the combustion of sludge mixing gasifying liquid The system of material.
Background technique
In biomass electric power plant, the contradiction of biomass power generation fuel source insufficient supply is very prominent, and the place of production is practical to collect There is a big difference for the amount of amount and theoretical calculation, since biomass fuel usually has the characteristics that volume is larger, density is small, causes to transport Higher cost even more increases the difficulty of fuel supply.
A large amount of sludge can be generated during sewage or waste water processing, the target of Treatment of Sludge is to realize the decrement of sludge Change, stabilize, innoxious and recycling.Sludge is mainly sent into incinerator or fluidisation by sludge utilization technology common at present Directly combustion heating steam heating or power generation in bed boiler, burning generates a large amount of pernicious gases, and is also required to add in combustion process Add auxiliary fuel, increases operating cost.
" more coals, few oil, deficency " is China's energy resource structure feature.China's oil and gas reserves are more deficient, petroleum Resource is even more a large amount of dependence imports, produces oil substitutes with very big practical application meaning using existing solid fuel.
Utility model content
The utility model provides the system of a kind of biomass and sludge mixing gasifying preparing liquid fuel, utilizes biomass and dirt The synthesis gas that mud gasification generates carrys out preparing liquid fuel.The utility model aim is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of system of biomass and sludge mixing gasifying preparing liquid fuel, the system comprises gasification reaction unit, F-T Synthesis unit and fume treatment unit;
The gasification reaction unit includes the gasification furnace being sequentially communicated, waste heat boiler, dryer and crusher, described broken Broken machine is connect with gasification furnace;
The F-T synthesis unit includes the reformation shift-converter being sequentially communicated, and F-T synthesis reactor, cooling, separation is only Change equipment and oil storage tank, wherein reform shift-converter and be connected to dryer;
The fume treatment unit unit includes the gas furnace being sequentially communicated, electrostatic precipitator, air-introduced machine and chimney, In, gas furnace is connected to F-T synthesis reactor.
An implementation as a kind of biomass described in the utility model and the system of sludge mixing gasifying preparing liquid fuel , air and vapor are also passed through in the gasification furnace.
An implementation as a kind of biomass described in the utility model and the system of sludge mixing gasifying preparing liquid fuel Example, the gasification furnace are also connected with biomass silo and slag storehouse.
An implementation as a kind of biomass described in the utility model and the system of sludge mixing gasifying preparing liquid fuel Example, the waste heat boiler and gas furnace are passed through water, and are discharged in the form of low-pressure steam.
An implementation as a kind of biomass described in the utility model and the system of sludge mixing gasifying preparing liquid fuel , air is also passed through in the gas furnace.
Compared with prior art, the utility model has the following beneficial effects:
1, using sludge and biomass collectively as the problem of the independent firing biomass fuel deficiency of fuel enhancement.
2, using synthesis gas heat dry sludge, and with biomass fuel co-gasification, improve the burning of sludge fuel Gasification property.
3, high-temperature synthesis gas is first used to heat vapor in waste heat boiler, is used subsequently to drying sludge, realizes the energy Cascade utilization.
4, liquid fuel is produced using biomass and sludge, provides the new biomass of one kind and sludge resource and utilizes way Diameter.
5, the device is mainly used for production liquid fuels, while can may be used also in addition to internal use with by-product low-pressure steam To sell, income is realized.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the utility model biomass and sludge mixing gasifying preparing liquid fuel system.
Specific embodiment
With reference to the accompanying drawing, the utility model is described in detail.
In order to make the purpose of the utility model, technical solutions and advantages more clearly understood, below in conjunction with attached drawing and implementation Example, the present invention will be further described in detail.It should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein is only used to explain The utility model is not used to limit the utility model.
A kind of system of biomass and sludge mixing gasifying preparing liquid fuel, as shown in Figure 1, the system comprises gasified reverses Answer unit, F-T synthesis unit and fume treatment unit;
The gasification reaction unit includes the gasification furnace being sequentially communicated, waste heat boiler, dryer and crusher, described broken Broken machine is connect with gasification furnace;
The F-T synthesis unit includes the reformation shift-converter being sequentially communicated, and F-T synthesis reactor, cooling, separation is only Change equipment and oil storage tank, wherein reform shift-converter and be connected to dryer;
The fume treatment unit unit includes the gas furnace being sequentially communicated, electrostatic precipitator, air-introduced machine and chimney, In, gas furnace is connected to F-T synthesis reactor.
Further, air and vapor are also passed through in the gasification furnace.
Further, the gasification furnace is also connected with biomass silo and slag storehouse.
Further, the waste heat boiler and gas furnace are passed through water, and are discharged in the form of low-pressure steam.
Further, air is also passed through in the gas furnace.
The course of work of a kind of biomass of the utility model and sludge mixing gasifying preparing liquid fuel system is as follows:
Biomass fuel in biomass silo, which is sent into gasification furnace after crushing and is reacted with air and vapor, produces synthesis Gas, high-temperature synthesis gas are sent into drier sludge after waste heat boiler recovery section heat, and the sludge after drying is after crushing It is sent into gasification furnace and biomass fuel co-gasification, clinker recycles.
Gasification synthesis gas is sent into reformation shift-converter and reforming reaction occurs, in reforming reaction, gasification synthesis gas and water Vapor reaction adjusts carbon ratio in gasification synthesis gas, to meet the needs of subsequent F-T reaction is to raw material, after reforming reaction Gasification synthesis gas be admitted to F-T synthesis reactor and carry out F-T synthesis under the effect of the catalyst, the gas-liquid mixture of generation into Enter refrigerated separation cleaning equipment, the liquid fuel that gas-liquid mixture obtains after isolation of purified is sent directly into oil storage tank storage.
Periodic off-gases and unreacting gas the feeding gas furnace generated after F-T synthesis reactor mixes with air burning and puts Heat heats vapor, and the flue gas of discharge is sent into chimney discharge after electrostatic precipitator dedusting, by air-introduced machine.
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the utility model only, is not intended to limit the utility model, all at this Made any modifications, equivalent replacements, and improvements etc., should be included in the utility model within the spirit and principle of utility model Protection scope within.

Claims (5)

1. the system of a kind of biomass and sludge mixing gasifying preparing liquid fuel, which is characterized in that the system comprises gasified reverses Answer unit, F-T synthesis unit and fume treatment unit;
The gasification reaction unit includes the gasification furnace being sequentially communicated, waste heat boiler, dryer and crusher, the crusher It is connect with gasification furnace;
The F-T synthesis unit includes the reformation shift-converter being sequentially communicated, and F-T synthesis reactor, cooling, isolation of purified are set Standby and oil storage tank, wherein reform shift-converter and be connected to dryer;
The fume treatment unit unit includes the gas furnace being sequentially communicated, electrostatic precipitator, air-introduced machine and chimney, wherein Gas furnace is connected to F-T synthesis reactor.
2. a kind of system of biomass and sludge mixing gasifying preparing liquid fuel as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that described Air and vapor are also passed through in gasification furnace.
3. a kind of system of biomass and sludge mixing gasifying preparing liquid fuel as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that described Gasification furnace is also connected with biomass silo and slag storehouse.
4. a kind of system of biomass and sludge mixing gasifying preparing liquid fuel as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that described Waste heat boiler and gas furnace are passed through water, and are discharged in the form of low-pressure steam.
5. a kind of system of biomass and sludge mixing gasifying preparing liquid fuel as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that described Air is also passed through in gas furnace.
CN201821487314.9U 2018-09-12 2018-09-12 A kind of system of biomass and sludge mixing gasifying preparing liquid fuel Active CN209128379U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821487314.9U CN209128379U (en) 2018-09-12 2018-09-12 A kind of system of biomass and sludge mixing gasifying preparing liquid fuel

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821487314.9U CN209128379U (en) 2018-09-12 2018-09-12 A kind of system of biomass and sludge mixing gasifying preparing liquid fuel

Publications (1)

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CN209128379U true CN209128379U (en) 2019-07-19

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111807665A (en) * 2020-06-23 2020-10-23 诚邦生态环境股份有限公司 Municipal sludge and garden waste cooperative recycling treatment method and system

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111807665A (en) * 2020-06-23 2020-10-23 诚邦生态环境股份有限公司 Municipal sludge and garden waste cooperative recycling treatment method and system

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