CN209024375U - Waste emulsified mixture integration advanced treatment apparatus - Google Patents

Waste emulsified mixture integration advanced treatment apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209024375U
CN209024375U CN201821649964.9U CN201821649964U CN209024375U CN 209024375 U CN209024375 U CN 209024375U CN 201821649964 U CN201821649964 U CN 201821649964U CN 209024375 U CN209024375 U CN 209024375U
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tank
bio
emulsified mixture
waste emulsified
contact oxidation
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CN201821649964.9U
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胡将军
王凤娟
刘青松
何忠
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Hubei Zhong Pu Hui Environmental Protection Ltd By Share Ltd
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Hubei Zhong Pu Hui Environmental Protection Ltd By Share Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model provides a kind of waste emulsified mixture integration advanced treatment apparatus, it can be ensured that COD is substantially reduced in discharge liquor after processing, reaches drainage requirement, avoids water pollution.The waste emulsified mixture integration advanced treatment apparatus includes: air bearing portion, includes: co-coagulating gas-floating reactor tank is arranged in the water inlet in the middle part of the co-coagulating gas-floating reactor tank, and the Oil and slag scraping machine on co-coagulating gas-floating reactor tank top is arranged in;Suspension carbon biochemistry portion, is connected with air bearing portion, includes: suspension carbon biological oxidation tank, and the aeration mechanism of the suspension carbon biological oxidation tank lower part is arranged in;Bio-contact oxidation portion is connected with suspension carbon biochemistry portion, includes: bio-contact oxidation tank, and the aeration mechanism of the bio-contact oxidation pot bottom is arranged in;Biofilm packing layer and sludge blanket are laid in bio-contact oxidation tank;And precipitation adsorption filter house, it is connected with bio-contact oxidation portion, includes: settling tank, the adsorption stuffing layer and filter material layer being arranged in the settling tank.

Description

Waste emulsified mixture integration advanced treatment apparatus
Technical field
The utility model belongs to field of waste water treatment, and in particular to a kind of waste emulsified mixture integration advanced treatment apparatus.
Background technique
Emulsion is widely used in the process of metal working such as grinding, forging, and main function is lubrication, cooling, surface is clear It washes and anticorrosion.With the extension of use time, hot and cold alternation and microbial degradation will lead to it and goes bad, and lose original characteristic And effectiveness, so periodically replacement is needed, so just continuously generating waste liquid to be treated.
Industry waste emulsified mixture COD content is very high at present, often reaches 50000-10000mg/L.Emulsion is generally in alkali Property, since surfactant and organic additive are more, the COD of waste water is made to reach 103-105mg/L;Oil content is high, petroleum ether extraction Object is taken to be up to 103-105Mg/L, and high degree of dispersion is in water, oil removing is that emulsion handles a very crucial step.Emulsifying liquid waste water The proportion very little in machine works' industrial wastewater total amount, generally 4% hereinafter, but since oil content and content are very high, such as Without processing direct emission, especially for the factory for using the number of devices of emulsion more, often total discharge is oily and exceeded The main reason for.
Emulsifying liquid waste water is in addition to the harm with general oily waste water, since it contains a large amount of surfactant.Table Face activating agent, to change its permeability, can also be fixed on above certain protein in conjunction with cell membrane and cause certain enzyme The activity of albumen.Waste emulsified mixture emulsifies degree height, and chemical property is stablized, and organic concentration and oil content are high, and processing difficulty is big, place It is improper to manage, and will cause serious environmental pollution.
Utility model content
The utility model is to carry out to solve the above-mentioned problems, and it is an object of the present invention to provide a kind of integration of waste emulsified mixture is deep Spend processing unit, it can be ensured that significantly through the COD in the waste emulsified mixture integration advanced treatment apparatus treated waste emulsified mixture It reduces, reaches drainage requirement, avoid water pollution.
The utility model to achieve the goals above, uses following scheme:
The utility model provides a kind of waste emulsified mixture integration advanced treatment apparatus characterized by comprising air bearing portion, Include: co-coagulating gas-floating reactor tank is arranged in the middle part of the co-coagulating gas-floating reactor tank, imports through demulsification treated waste emulsified mixture Water inlet, and co-coagulating gas-floating reactor tank top is set, is scraped for removing the frizing of oil content and dross in waste emulsified mixture Slag machine;Suspension carbon biochemistry portion, is connected with air bearing portion, includes: suspension carbon biological oxidation tank, and is arranged in the suspension carbon biology oxygen Change the aeration mechanism of tank lower part;Bio-contact oxidation portion is connected with suspension carbon biochemistry portion, includes: bio-contact oxidation tank, and The aeration mechanism of the bio-contact oxidation pot bottom is set;Biofilm packing layer and sludge are laid in bio-contact oxidation tank Layer;And precipitation adsorption filter house, it is connected with bio-contact oxidation portion, includes: settling tank, in the settling tank from bottom to up The adsorption stuffing layer and filter material layer set gradually.
In the waste emulsified mixture integration advanced treatment apparatus involved in the utility model, there can also be such spy Sign: adsorption stuffing layer is activated carbon adsorption layer, and filter material layer is quartz sand filter media layer.
Waste emulsified mixture integration advanced treatment apparatus involved in the utility model can also include: dosing portion, with air bearing Portion is connected, and includes: dosing pond, be separately positioned on dosing pond it is opposite to two sidewalls on dosing pond water inlet and dosing pond go out Dosing pond top, the dosing mouth for putting into additive, and the rabbling mechanism being arranged in dosing pond is arranged in the mouth of a river, In, dosing pond water outlet is connected with the water inlet of co-coagulating gas-floating reactor tank.
The action and effect of utility model
Due to the above structure, the waste emulsified mixture integration advanced treatment apparatus of the utility model passes through air bearing Portion, suspension carbon biochemistry portion, bio-contact oxidation portion, precipitation adsorption filter house are successively handled waste emulsified mixture: co-agglomeration gas Floating reactor tank can effectively separate the oil in waste emulsified mixture with suspended matter, and the Slag Scraping Device on top carries out oil removing and removes suspension Then object substantially reduces waste emulsified mixture by suspension carbon biological oxidation tank and positioned at tank lower part aeration mechanism collective effect COD, then bio-contact oxidation portion further decreases the COD in waste emulsified mixture waste water under conditions of aeration, finally by precipitating Attached packing layer and filter material layer in filtering adsorption section make last waste emulsified mixture reach discharge standard by adsorption filtration, realize back It receives and utilizes.Whole device structure is simple to operation, and treatment effeciency is high, and can be effectively removed the oil of waste emulsified mixture with And COD, avoid water pollution.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 be the utility model relates to waste emulsified mixture integration advanced treatment apparatus structural schematic diagram.
Specific embodiment
Waste emulsified mixture integration advanced treatment apparatus involved in the utility model is elaborated referring to the drawings.
<embodiment>
As shown in Figure 1, waste emulsified mixture integration advanced treatment apparatus 10 includes dosing portion 11, air bearing portion 12, suspension carbon life Change portion 13, bio-contact oxidation portion 14 and precipitation adsorption filter house 15.
Dosing portion 11 is connected with air bearing portion 12, it includes dosing pond 11a and rabbling mechanism 11b.In dosing pond, 11a is opposite To two sidewalls on be respectively equipped with dosing pond water inlet and dosing pond water outlet, dosing pond water inlet for importing waste emulsified mixture, Dosing pond water outlet is connected with the water inlet in air bearing portion 12.The top of dosing pond 11a is additionally provided with dosing mouth, for putting into addition Agent is successively to put into coagulant, flocculation aid and alkaline conditioner by dosing mouth to carry out flocculation demulsification in the present embodiment;Specifically Ground, coagulant can use conventional commercial product, such as polyacrylamide PAC;Flocculation aid can use conventional commercial product, example Such as aluminium polychloride PAM;Alkaline conditioner can also use conventional commercial product, such as calcium hydroxide.Rabbling mechanism 11b setting In the 11a of dosing pond, it is mixed, is mixed so that additive comes into full contact with waste emulsified mixture.
For separating oil and suspended matter, remove the oil content in waste emulsified mixture reduces COD therein simultaneously in air bearing portion 12.Air bearing Portion 12 includes co-coagulating gas-floating reactor tank 12a and Oil and slag scraping machine 12b.The middle part of co-coagulating gas-floating reactor tank 12a be equipped with into The mouth of a river is connected with dosing pond water outlet.Oil and slag scraping machine 12b is arranged on the top co-coagulating gas-floating reactor tank 12a, for removing Oil content and dross in waste emulsified mixture.
Suspension carbon biochemistry portion 13 is connected with air bearing portion 12, for the COD of waste emulsified mixture to be further greatly reduced.Suspension carbon Biochemical portion 13 includes suspension carbon biological oxidation tank 13a and aeration mechanism.Mechanism is aerated to be arranged in suspension carbon biological oxidation tank 13a Lower part.Suspension carbon biological oxidation tank 13a can retain organic pollutant in waste emulsified mixture, under the action of being aerated mechanism, with Organic pollutant is sufficiently mixed contact, and then absorbs simultaneously decomposing organic pollutant, to substantially reduce the COD of waste emulsified mixture.
Bio-contact oxidation portion 14 is connected with suspension carbon biochemistry portion 13, it includes bio-contact oxidation tank 14a and aeration Mechanism.Multi-layer biological film packing layer is laid in bio-contact oxidation tank 14a, and in the bottom of bio-contact oxidation tank 14a Equipped with activated sludge layer, thus the advantages of it has both both activated sludge and biomembrane.Biofilm packing layer can be used commercially available Light weight, intensity is good, antioxidant anticorrosive is strong, does not bring the biofilm packing layer of new murder by poisoning, for example, can using glass cloth, The honeycomb paddings layer such as plastics, using glass cloth in the present embodiment.Mechanism is aerated to be arranged in bio-contact oxidation tank 14a Bottom.Under the action of being aerated mechanism, bio-contact oxidation tank 14a can further decompose the organic contamination in waste emulsified mixture Object etc., and then further reduce the COD of waste emulsified mixture.
Precipitation adsorption filter house 15 is connected with bio-contact oxidation portion 14, it includes settling tank 15a, adsorption stuffing layer 15b and filter material layer 15c.Adsorption stuffing layer 15b and filter material layer 15c is set gradually from bottom to up in settling tank 15a, this implementation It selects active carbon to inhale in example and is used as adsorption stuffing layer 15b;Quartz sand filter media is as filter material layer 15c, quartz sand filter media filter effect Good, stable effluent quality does not block, does not agglomerate.
Based on the above structure, the specific of waste emulsified mixture integration advanced treatment apparatus 10 provided by the present embodiment is processed Journey are as follows:
Additive polyacrylamide, aluminium polychloride and calcium hydroxide are successively added by dosing mouth first, make useless emulsification Liquid comes into full contact with additive and mixes, agitated mechanism 11b flocculation stirring, and suspended matter, oil is made to form wadding body.
Subsequent waste emulsified mixture enters in air bearing portion 12, will be oily and outstanding in waste emulsified mixture by co-coagulating gas-floating reactor tank 12a Floating object separation, the Oil and slag scraping machine 12b on top carry out oil removing and remove dross.
Then waste emulsified mixture enters in suspension carbon biochemistry portion 13, by suspension carbon biological oxidation tank 13a and is located at tank lower part It is aerated under mechanism collective effect, organic pollutant is fully absorbed and decomposes in waste emulsified mixture, and during this, COD removal rate exists 70~80%, water outlet COD content is 3000~500mg/L.
Then waste emulsified mixture enters bio-contact oxidation portion 14, in being total to for biofilm packing layer, activated sludge layer and aeration The COD in waste emulsified mixture waste water is further decreased under same-action, so that COD removal rate is reached 90% in the process, COD after processing Content < 300mg/L, effect can reach well < 50mg/L level.
Last give up finally is made by adsorption filtration by the attached packing layer 15b and filter material layer 15c of precipitating filtering adsorption section 15 Emulsion reaches discharge standard.
Above embodiments are only the illustration done to technical solutions of the utility model.Involved in the utility model Waste emulsified mixture integration advanced treatment apparatus is not merely defined in described structure in the embodiment above, but with right It is required that subject to limited range.What the utility model one of ordinary skill in the art were done on the basis of the embodiment any repairs Change or supplement or equivalence replacement, all in the utility model range claimed.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of waste emulsified mixture integration advanced treatment apparatus characterized by comprising
Air bearing portion includes: co-coagulating gas-floating reactor tank, is arranged in the middle part of the co-coagulating gas-floating reactor tank, importing is handled through demulsification The water inlet of waste emulsified mixture afterwards, and co-coagulating gas-floating reactor tank top is set, for removing the oil in waste emulsified mixture The Oil and slag scraping machine of part and dross;
Suspension carbon biochemistry portion is connected with the air bearing portion, includes: suspension carbon biological oxidation tank, and setting is raw in the suspension carbon The aeration mechanism of object oxidation tank lower part;
Bio-contact oxidation portion is connected with suspension carbon biochemistry portion, includes: bio-contact oxidation tank, and is arranged in the life The aeration mechanism of object catalytic oxidation pot bottom;Biofilm packing layer and sludge blanket are laid in the bio-contact oxidation tank;With And
Precipitation adsorption filter house is connected with the bio-contact oxidation portion, includes: settling tank, in the settling tank from down toward On the adsorption stuffing layer and filter material layer that set gradually.
2. waste emulsified mixture integration advanced treatment apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:
Wherein, the adsorption stuffing layer is activated carbon adsorption layer, and the filter material layer is quartz sand filter media layer.
3. waste emulsified mixture integration advanced treatment apparatus according to claim 1, which is characterized in that further include:
Dosing portion is connected with the air bearing portion, includes: dosing pond, be separately positioned on the dosing pond it is opposite to two sidewalls On dosing pond water inlet and dosing pond water outlet, setting carried out at demulsification on dosing pond top, for putting into additive The dosing mouth of reason, and the rabbling mechanism being arranged in the dosing pond,
Wherein, dosing pond water outlet is connected with the water inlet of the co-coagulating gas-floating reactor tank.
CN201821649964.9U 2018-10-11 2018-10-11 Waste emulsified mixture integration advanced treatment apparatus Active CN209024375U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821649964.9U CN209024375U (en) 2018-10-11 2018-10-11 Waste emulsified mixture integration advanced treatment apparatus

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821649964.9U CN209024375U (en) 2018-10-11 2018-10-11 Waste emulsified mixture integration advanced treatment apparatus

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN209024375U true CN209024375U (en) 2019-06-25

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201821649964.9U Active CN209024375U (en) 2018-10-11 2018-10-11 Waste emulsified mixture integration advanced treatment apparatus

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN209024375U (en)

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