CN209011431U - A kind of percolation structures of roof garden - Google Patents

A kind of percolation structures of roof garden Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209011431U
CN209011431U CN201821734546.XU CN201821734546U CN209011431U CN 209011431 U CN209011431 U CN 209011431U CN 201821734546 U CN201821734546 U CN 201821734546U CN 209011431 U CN209011431 U CN 209011431U
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Prior art keywords
layer
storage chamber
roof
block
roof garden
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CN201821734546.XU
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Chinese (zh)
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王兵
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Shanghai Landscape Industrial Development Co Ltd
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Shanghai Landscape Industrial Development Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/108Rainwater harvesting

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of percolation structures of roof garden, it is related to roof Garden Technology field, including roof structure layer, lightweight nutrient planting soil layer is equipped on roof structure layer, lightweight nutrient planting soil layer has been embedded in pavement block, storage chamber is offered in the block of pavement, pavement block two sides offer the through-hole being connected with storage chamber, are fixed in through-hole for allowing rainwater to circulate while silt being stopped to enter the water-guiding block in storage chamber.There is a problem of that self-restraint rainwater scarce capacity, loss of soil nutrient are serious for the prior art, the utility model is laid with pavement road surface using pavement block, and storage chamber is opened up in the block of pavement, stores excessive rainfall, improves water storage performance;In addition, excessive rainfall can also reversed irrigation soils to make full use of rainwater resource reduce the loss of soil nutrient.

Description

A kind of percolation structures of roof garden
Technical field
The utility model relates to roof Garden Technology fields, more specifically, it relates to a kind of diafiltration knot of roof garden Structure.
Background technique
Ecological roof garden greening compensates in which can almost wait construction areas builds occupied urban green space, but because of roof The disadvantages of there are wind speed greatly, moisture easily evaporates and planting soil layer is not thick, causes roof garden rainwater-collecting amount not concentrated.
It is public such as the Chinese patent that patent publication No. is CN206337737U for existing roof garden percolation structures It has opened a kind of for slowing down the ecological roof garden percolation structures of rainfall runoff, has been included in and is set gradually on roof construction layer Insulating layer, waterproof mortar screed-coat, coil waterproof layer, mortar cover, rubble permeable layer and non-woven fabrics filter layer;Non-woven fabrics mistake Lightweight nutrient planting soil layer is backfilled on filtering layer, plant has arbor and lawn in lightweight nutrient planting soil layer, wherein rubble Permeable layer bottom side is evenly equipped with porous collector pipe, and lightweight nutrient planting soil layer table side is embedded in someone's row wooden footway.
In above-mentioned patent, only by lightweight nutrient planting soil layer self-restraint and purifying rainwater, the ability for conserving rainwater is effective, And rubble permeable layer bottom side is evenly equipped with porous collector pipe, rainwater seeped lightweight nutrient planting soil layer and collected in rubble permeable layer, Therefore the rainwater in rubble permeable layer contains sufficient nutrient, and the rainwater in rubble permeable layer is discharged by collector pipe, causes soil The loss of earth nutrient is unfavorable for the growth of vegetation.
Utility model content
There is a problem of that self-restraint rainwater scarce capacity, loss of soil nutrient are serious for the prior art, the utility model Purpose is to provide a kind of percolation structures of roof garden, improves storage rainwater ability, reduces loss of soil nutrient.
To achieve the above object, the utility model provides following technical solution:
A kind of percolation structures of roof garden, including roof structure layer are equipped with lightweight nutrition on the roof structure layer Planting soil layer, the lightweight nutrient planting soil layer has been embedded in pavement block, has offered storage chamber in the pavement block, described Pavement block two sides offer the through-hole being connected with the storage chamber, are fixed in the through-hole for allowing rainwater to circulate Silt is stopped to enter the water-guiding block in the storage chamber simultaneously.
Through the above technical solutions, in use, rainwater extra in lightweight nutrient planting soil layer penetrates water-guiding block, by logical Hole is collected in storage chamber, and the ability of self-restraint rainwater is improved;Rain when pavement block side soil lacks moisture, in storage chamber Water provides moisture back through through-hole, for soil, so that effectively storage recycles rainwater, reduces manual watering's number, reduces Loss of soil nutrient reduces maintenance roof garden cost.
Further, be successively equipped on the roof structure layer insulating layer, waterproof mortar screed-coat, coil waterproof layer, Mortar cover, rubble permeable layer and non-woven fabrics filter layer, side of the non-woven fabrics filter layer far from the rubble permeable layer It is equipped with the lightweight nutrient planting soil layer.
Through the above technical solutions, insulating layer makes room temperature be suitable for living for keeping the temperature;Waterproof mortar screed-coat conduct Techonosphere is convenient for subsequent laying waterproof layer;Coil waterproof layer is used for waterproof, and the moisture in soil is avoided to penetrate into roof building; Mortar cover is for reinforcing protection roof;Rubble permeable layer improves for increasing gap and contains aqueous energy;Non-woven fabrics filter layer is used Rainwater under filtering is seeped by lightweight nutrient planting soil layer.
Further, side of the rubble permeable layer far from the mortar cover is inclined surface, the rubble infiltration The thickness of layer becomes larger along the direction far from the pavement block, and the non-woven fabrics filter layer inclination is laid on the rubble and seeps On water layer.
Through the above technical solutions, non-woven fabrics filter layer is obliquely installed, the rainwater that penetrates into convenient for guidance to pavement block, Then it is stored in storage chamber.
Further, the tilt angle of the non-woven fabrics filter layer is between 0 °~20 °.
Through the above technical solutions, the tilt angle of non-woven fabrics filter layer between 0 °~20 °, when rainwater penetrates into, is convenient for Rainwater part remains in rubble permeable layer, part pilot flow direction pavement block.
Further, the pavement block includes the stone being embedded in the lightweight nutrient planting soil layer, the stone Side forms the storage chamber in opening setting, and the stone opening is fixed with plank.
Through the above technical solutions, using plank as pavement road surface, since Specific Heat of Wood appearance is larger, convenient for reducing people The temperature in trade face is walked suitable for people above.
Further, the board surface offers multiple air holes.
Through the above technical solutions, opening up air hole convenient for being overflowed in storage chamber by the vapor of thermal evaporation, to reduce The temperature of stone.
Further, multiple support columns for being used to support the plank are fixed in the storage chamber.
Through the above technical solutions, support column is used to support plank, the bearing strength of plank is improved.
Further, the stone opening is provided with the draining for excessive rainfall in the storage chamber to be discharged Pipe.
Through the above technical solutions, draining can be passed through by collecting the excessive rainfall in storage chamber after roof rain water is excessive Pipe discharge.
Compared with prior art, the utility model has the beneficial effects that
(1) by providing moisture for soil, to improve the ability of self-restraint rainwater, loss of soil nutrient is reduced, effectively Storage recycles rainwater, reduces manual watering's number, reduces maintenance roof garden cost;
(2) further, it is obliquely installed by rubble permeable layer and non-woven fabrics filter layer, rainwater seeped lightweight nutrient planting After soil layer, under the guidance of inclined surface, convenient for being flowed to pavement block, it is finally collected in storage chamber;
(3) further, by reducing the temperature in pavement face in the fixed plank of stone opening, it is suitable for people upper Face walking is overflowed in addition, opening up air hole on plank convenient for the vapor in storage chamber, is then steamed using the water that volatilization is walked Gas reduces the temperature of stone.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the utility model.
Appended drawing reference: 1, roof structure layer;2, lightweight nutrient planting soil layer;3, pavement block;4, storage chamber;5, through-hole; 6, water-guiding block;7, insulating layer;8, waterproof mortar screed-coat;9, coil waterproof layer;10, mortar cover;11, rubble permeable layer; 12, non-woven fabrics filter layer;13, inclined surface;14, stone;15, plank;16, air hole;17, support column;18, drainpipe.
Specific embodiment
In order to keep the purpose of this utility model, technical scheme and beneficial effects clearer, below with reference to embodiment and attached The utility model is described in further detail for figure, but the embodiments of the present invention is not limited only to this.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of percolation structures of roof garden, including roof structure layer 1, successively spread on roof structure layer 1 Equipped with insulating layer 7, waterproof mortar screed-coat 8, coil waterproof layer 9, mortar cover 10, rubble permeable layer 11, non-woven fabrics filtering Layer 12 and lightweight nutrient planting soil layer 2, above structure are all made of in the Chinese patent that patent publication No. is CN206337737U Dependency structure, lightweight nutrient planting soil layer 2 have been embedded in pavement block 3.In use, lightweight nutrient planting soil layer 2 is for planting Arbor and lawn, pavement block 3 are walked for pedestrian.
The stone 14 that pavement block 3 includes while being embedded in lightweight nutrient planting soil layer 2 and rubble permeable layer 11, stone 14 sides form storage chamber 4 in opening setting, and 14 two sides of stone offer multiple through-holes 5 being connected with storage chamber 4, through-hole The water-guiding block 6 for allowing rainwater to circulate while silt being stopped to enter in storage chamber 4 is fixed in 5, cinder can be used in water-guiding block 6 It is made.Excessive rainfall penetrates water-guiding block 6 in 14 two sides soil of stone, is imported by through-hole 5 to storage chamber 4;To two sides soil When earth lacks moisture, the rainwater in storage chamber 4 conveys moisture to two sides soil through water-guiding block 6, and effectively storage recycles rain Water reduces manual watering's number, reduces maintenance roof garden cost.
14 opening of stone is fixed with plank 15, plank 15 for being layed in pavement road surface, due to Specific Heat of Wood hold compared with Greatly, being exposed to the sun lower temperature rising in the sun will not be too high, walks convenient for people above.It is fixed in storage chamber 4 multiple for branch The support column 17 of supporting wood plate 15, support column 17 is cylindrical, and one end of support column 17 is abutted with plank 15.15 surface of plank opens up There are multiple air holes 16, the water in storage chamber 4 is opened up air hole 16 and overflowed convenient for the vapor of volatilization, reduce stone by thermal evaporation The temperature of block 14.14 opening of stone is fixed with the drainpipe 18 for excessive rainfall in storage chamber 4 to be discharged, drainpipe 18 One end connection reservoir or sewerage system far from stone 14.
Side of the rubble permeable layer 11 far from mortar cover 10 is inclined surface 13, and the thickness of rubble permeable layer 11 is along separate The direction of pavement block 3 becomes larger, and rubble permeable layer 11 is higher along the height far from pavement block 3.Non-woven fabrics filter layer 12 inclinations are laid on rubble permeable layer 11, and the tilt angle of non-woven fabrics filter layer 12 is between 0 °~20 °.In use, penetrating into Rainwater in lightweight nutrient planting soil layer 2, under the guidance of inclination non-woven fabrics filter layer 12, rainwater is flowed to 14 direction of stone, Convenient for extra rainwater collection in storage chamber 4.
In summary:
When the utility model is used, moisture is stored by storage chamber 4, improves the ability of self-restraint rainwater, reduce soil nutrient It is lost, while the rainwater in storage chamber 4 can also irrigate side soil, effectively storage recycles rainwater, reduces manual watering time Number reduces maintenance roof garden cost;By reducing the temperature in pavement face, being suitable in the fixed plank 15 of 14 opening of stone People walk above, in addition, opening up air hole 16 on plank 15, overflow convenient for the vapor in storage chamber 4, then utilize The vapor that volatilization is walked reduces the temperature of stone 14;It is obliquely installed by rubble permeable layer 11 and non-woven fabrics filter layer 12, rainwater After seeping lightweight nutrient planting soil layer 2, under the guidance of inclined surface 13, convenient for flowing to pavement block 3, it is finally collected in water storage In chamber 4.
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the utility model, and the protection scope of the utility model is not limited merely to Above-described embodiment, technical solution belonging to the idea of the present invention belong to the protection scope of the utility model.It should refer to Out, for those skilled in the art, it is without departing from the principle of the utility model it is several improvement and Retouching, these improvements and modifications also should be regarded as the protection scope of the utility model.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of percolation structures of roof garden, including roof structure layer (1), lightweight is equipped on the roof structure layer (1) Nutrient planting soil layer (2), which is characterized in that the lightweight nutrient planting soil layer (2) has been embedded in pavement block (3), the people It offers storage chamber (4) in trade block (3), pavement block (3) two sides are offered to be connected with the storage chamber (4) Through-hole (5), the through-hole (5) is interior to be fixed with for allowing rainwater to circulate while silt being stopped to enter in the storage chamber (4) Water-guiding block (6).
2. a kind of percolation structures of roof garden according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the roof structure layer (1) On be successively equipped with insulating layer (7), waterproof mortar screed-coat (8), coil waterproof layer (9), mortar cover (10), rubble infiltration Layer (11) and non-woven fabrics filter layer (12), the non-woven fabrics filter layer (12) are laid with far from the side of the rubble permeable layer (11) There is the lightweight nutrient planting soil layer (2).
3. a kind of percolation structures of roof garden according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the rubble permeable layer (11) Side far from the mortar cover (10) is inclined surface (13), and the thickness of the rubble permeable layer (11) is along far from the people The direction of trade block (3) becomes larger, and non-woven fabrics filter layer (12) inclination is laid on the rubble permeable layer (11).
4. a kind of percolation structures of roof garden according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the non-woven fabrics filter layer (12) tilt angle is between 0 °~20 °.
5. a kind of percolation structures of roof garden according to claim 1, which is characterized in that pavement block (3) packet The stone (14) being embedded in the lightweight nutrient planting soil layer (2) is included, stone (14) side forms institute in opening setting It states storage chamber (4), stone (14) opening is fixed with plank (15).
6. a kind of percolation structures of roof garden according to claim 5, which is characterized in that open on plank (15) surface Equipped with multiple air holes (16).
7. a kind of percolation structures of roof garden according to claim 5, which is characterized in that solid in the storage chamber (4) Surely there are multiple support columns (17) for being used to support the plank (15).
8. a kind of percolation structures of roof garden according to claim 5, which is characterized in that stone (14) opening It is provided with the drainpipe (18) for the interior excessive rainfall of the storage chamber (4) to be discharged.
CN201821734546.XU 2018-10-24 2018-10-24 A kind of percolation structures of roof garden Active CN209011431U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821734546.XU CN209011431U (en) 2018-10-24 2018-10-24 A kind of percolation structures of roof garden

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821734546.XU CN209011431U (en) 2018-10-24 2018-10-24 A kind of percolation structures of roof garden

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN209011431U true CN209011431U (en) 2019-06-21

Family

ID=66839924

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201821734546.XU Active CN209011431U (en) 2018-10-24 2018-10-24 A kind of percolation structures of roof garden

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN209011431U (en)

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